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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County Schools

Also see the essay on pioneer teacher O. C. Applegate.


    FEMALE SCHOOL.--Notice the advertisement of Mrs. J. W. McCully. The parents of misses in this vicinity have been very fortunate in prevailing upon Mrs. McCully to open a school for their girls, as she is an experienced and accomplished teacher.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 21, 1862, page 3


    MRS. MCCULLY'S SCHOOL.--The second term of this school will commence on Wednesday next, at the former school rooms. Mrs. McCully is an experienced and accomplished teacher, and those having daughters to educate would do well to patronize her school.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 27, 1862, page 3


    SCHOOL EXHIBITION.--The scholars of Mrs. McCully's school will give an exhibition at the court house, on Tuesday evening next. The exhibition will consist of charades, dialogues, declamations, etc. Parents especially and the public generally are invited to attend. Exercises to commence about half past seven o'clock.

Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, December 27, 1862, page 3


    SCHOOL EXHIBITION.--The exhibition given by the scholars of Mrs. McCully's school, at the court house, on last evening, was a fine affair. The exercises consisted of singing, compositions, declamations and charades. The singing, conducted under the superintendence of Mr. Dunlap, was spirited, animated and full of harmony. The compositions showed a considerable proficiency in the sciences of grammar and rhetoric, together with some considerable native skill in the art of composition. We hope after this, in similar exhibitions, the young ladies may all have sufficient courage to read their compositions themselves. The salutatory addresses by the little girls were well timed, and spicy. The declamation by Master McCully was animated and patriotic. May the solemn injunctions of the immortal story be heeded! There was a little too much sameness in the charades; but, saving the occasional low and indistinct utterances of some of the young ladies, were well performed. Without detracting anything from the excellences of the others, we give the palm to "Em." After the conclusion of the school exercises, the Rev. M. A. Williams, having been called out, made some well-timed remarks on the importance of a high order of female education.
    The audience was large, and seemed to be highly pleased with the evening's entertainment.

Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, December 31, 1862, page 3


    By reference to her advertisement in this paper, it will be seen that Mrs. McCully begins a three months' term of school on the 17th of August next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 29, 1863, page 2


    The district school for Jacksonville, Mr. Wm. Babcock, teacher, will commence a three months' term on Monday next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 19, 1863, page 2


    SCHOOL EXHIBITION.--The present term of Mrs. McCully's Female School closes on Friday evening next. On the Saturday evening following she intends giving a school exhibition, at the court house. The parents and friends of the scholars and public generally are invited to attend.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 31, 1863, page 7


    Mrs. McCully's popular Female School commences a term of five months on Monday, January 4th. See advertisement.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1863, page 5


JACKSONVILLE
F E M A L E   S C H O O L !
THIS school will commence a Five Months' Term on the 1st Monday in January.
English Course  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $14.00
Lessons on Piano, per month . . . . . . 10.00
MRS. J. M. McCULLY.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1863, page 4


    Rev. Father Blanchet informs us that he hopes to soon have organized at this place a good school for girls and young ladies, under the direction of the Sisters of Charity.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 26, 1864, page 7


Academy for Young Ladies,
JACKSONVILLE, OREGON.

    This institution will be conducted by the Sisters of Jesus and Mary, and will be situated in the healthy and accessible town of Jacksonville. The plan of education will embrace the various branches of instruction usually taught in the most approved seminaries or academies. Its aim will be to form young ladies to science and virtue, to accustom them to early habits of order and economy, and to cultivate in them those qualities which render virtue both amiable and attractive. The most conscientious and unremitting attention will be given to the advancement of the pupils in the principles and practice of Christian virtue, as well as to their intellectual improvement. Particular care shall be directed toward the promotion of refinement of manners, and the constant maintenance of a polite and amiable deportment. The discipline shall be kind and parental, and the Sisters will use every endeavor to secure the health, comfort and happiness of those entrusted to their charge. Scrupulous attention will be paid to the personal neatness of the pupils. Pupils of any religious denomination shall be received. It is not in the plan of the Sisters to interfere with the religion of the pupils, except with the Catholics. The Academy will be under the direction of an Order that has attained at French Prairie, at Salem and especially at Portland a widespread celebrity as teachers; then, it will not be wonderful that it shall be well patronized, nor that the advantages there enjoyed by pupils shall be appreciated by so many parents outside of the Catholic community. All the different denominations bear testimony to the bright character of the institution, and point to the influence it has already exercised on the manners and morals of the community, and the greater influence it is destined to exercise hereafter, an influence which will not end with the present, but affect generations yet to come. If we want to have fruits in our garden, we plant and cultivate fruitful trees; in like manner, if we desire to see in this part of Oregon and in the vicinity, the happy results of such an institution as the Sisters' Academy, we must establish it and support it; for this purpose, we have only to consult our charity and generosity. The education of a multitude of children; the care of the sick; the distribution of assistance to the poor; in a word, all the treasures of Christian charity are distributed with open hands, but with intelligence, by the Sisters of Charity. Nothing, consequently, deserves more encouragement; nothing is more worthy of our patronage and protection than this charitable institution. The example of our brethren of every religious denomination, who, on similar occasions, at Salem, at French Prairie and at Portland, seem to be actuated with uncommon zeal, should excite in us a holy emulation, to exercise our humanity and testify our charity to the establishment of the Academy.
    Trusting to the past liberality shown to us, a collection shall be started for the purpose of purchasing a convenient ground, and building a comfortable house for the Sisters School.
F. X. BLANCHET, Pastor.
    St. Joseph of Jacksonville.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 16, 1864, page 8


    SISTERS SCHOOL.--The Rev. Father Blanchet has bought, Saturday last, the fine property of Dr. Thompson, close to the Methodist and Catholic churches. It is the intention of the Rev. Pastor to buy, soon, the other remaining lots belonging to M. M. McDonald and Clugage. This splendid block will be quite suitable for the future Academy. If the Sisters of Charity do well, within one or two years a two-story house will be erected, and the present buildings will be used as an orphan asylum, a hospital and a kitchen. All who subscribed to the Sisters school are respectfully invited to pay the amount set opposite their names. When the collection will have taken place, an accurate account of the receipts and expenses shall be given.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 8, 1864, page 3


    JACKSONVILLE FEMALE SCHOOL.--This popular institution of learning will commence a three months' term Monday, Oct. 24th, under the superintendence of Mrs. Jane M. McCully.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 15, 1864, page 3


    By request of Father Blanchet we publish the following letter, which will explain itself:
Novitiate of the Holy Sisters of Jesus & Mary,
    Montreal, Nov. 16th, 1864.
    Rev. Father:--I am in receipt of your favor dated October 4th, by which you manifest a desire to have Sisters establish a school of their order in Jacksonville. It is quite probable that you can have some of them, but we are so circumstanced here at present that we can disburse nothing towards paying their fare to Oregon. If you send money for the fare of three Sisters of Charity, they will be ready to leave Montreal in the coming spring.
    I remain, Rev. Father, with consideration and respect,
Your most humble servant,
    Sister Teresa de Jesus, Prioress.
Rev. Father Blanchet, Jacksonville, Oregon.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 14, 1865, page 3


    MRS. MCCULLY'S SCHOOL.--We had the pleasure of witnessing the closing exercises of this popular school on yesterday--the last day of the term. The exercises were principally in writing, declamation and composition. A colloquy by Miss Ellen Little and Miss Kate Hoffman was well executed, and would have done credit to more experienced amateurs. The compositions displayed much merit.
    A song sun in German by two charming little girls of Mr. John Muller's was one of the most pleasing performances of the occasion. The following awards of merit were made:
    Best in mathematics, Miss FLORENCE HOFFMAN--a medal; best in spelling, first class, Miss ELLEN LITTLE--a medal; best in spelling, second class, Miss LIZZA DONEGAN--a medal; best in spelling, third class, Miss AMELIA MULLER--a medal; best writing, Miss KATE HOFFMAN--gold pen; most improvement in writing, Miss ROSY SHORT--gold pen.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 21, 1865, page 3


    THE SISTERS' SCHOOL.--Father Blanchet requests us to say that he will visit those who have subscribed funds for the Sisters' School next week, for the purpose of collecting. The following statement, copied from the Reporter, will show the financial condition of the enterprise at the present time.
    The property purchased of Dr. Thompson cost $1200. Of this sum $600 has been paid; $200 has been paid for a piano for the institution, and $100 for furniture. he has to pay $600 more on the property by the first of May to Dr. Thompson, and this with the $600 needed for the fare of the Sisters is all that is required to get the institutions started.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 21, 1865, page 3


COMMON SCHOOLS.
    To the people of Jackson County, Oregon:
    As the time is drawing near for your annual school meetings (first Monday of April), permit me to make some suggestions for your respectful consideration.
    To begin with a small item, some of you have no name in particular, but many names in common conversation, as suits the taste of individuals. For example, the district at the head of Bear Creek Valley is thus spoken of: Well's District, Judge Tolman's District, Grubb's District, Dann's District. No one ever thinks of speaking of you by your number.
    So, also, we have Van Dorn's, Crane's, Wright's District. Now please baptize these and other children of the county with appropriate names of which their children again will not be ashamed. Some of the districts have already attended to this. When the Superintendent's Book came into my hands, I soon saw there was no way of knowing where the several districts were, except by the names of the clerks, recorded in the annual apportionment of the school fund. The record of boundaries, it is true, showed somewhat of your whereabouts, provided you went to the trouble of consulting maps in the clerk's office in Jacksonville. But as the boundaries are described by the names of land holders, more or less, in all the districts, which lands have since changed hands several times, it requires a knowledge of the first settlers to understand what is meant. Now give yourselves a technical name which will at once show where you are.
DEFINE ACCURATELY YOUR BOUNDARIES.
    A number have already done this. There are others however in which errors have been discovered, and should be corrected. They have probably arisen thus: In the early history of the valley large school districts were formed and recorded. As families multiplied, new districts were made by dividing these first organized and recorded, while the original district with its number and boundaries remains unchanged. In addition to these inaccuracies, according to the old law superintendents had the power, by request, to transfer families and farms from one side to the other. In some instances the record shows that these same families have been changed back and forth several times; and it is known, for no other reason than dissatisfaction with their company. This divorcing system was happily terminated, at least no provision made for it, by one new law. These changes and inaccuracies have subjected newly elected clerks to much annoyance in making out their annual reports, whom to embrace and whom to leave out; lest the children of the same families might be reported in two districts and both draw money from the school fund. I request your attention to this, that we may compare your present boundaries with those recorded in the book, and correct them when necessary.
DEAD DISTRICTS.
    A number of those originally organized have been dead and buried for several years, but not beyond the hope of rising again. The whole number recorded in the book, both living and dead, is 29. Ten of these at least may be considered totally dead so far as drawing school money is considered. Removal, neglect, or the force of circumstances generally, have combined to entomb them. In one case at least (and how many more is not known) there was, is now, unexpended school money in the hands of one of the former clerks--some $70. This clerk has consulted with me as to what he should do with it. He said the money had been loaned several years since in coin, and the person who borrowed, returned it in greenbacks. This was, indeed, taking bread from the children's mouths. If any more clerks of those dead districts have unexpended school money in their possession, I hope they have the same frankness and honesty to report themselves. I suggested to my friend, in reply to his question, "what he should do with it," one or two things, viz: either that they reorganize, or (if this was impracticable being too few or too distant from each other) cast in their lot with an adjoining district at the next annual meeting. Then they could make a common fund with what the other would draw, and so all alike be mutually benefited. This would do until such times as they might be strong enough to reorganize.
    Some of the dead districts have had the benefit of a requisition by casting in their lots with their neighbors. This I commend to all.
    Experience proves that it is not wise, in sparsely settled sections of the country, to have the districts too small. A district may be large in territory, but small in the number of children; and small in territory with many children. It is better to err, if error it be, on the other side and have them rather large. The disadvantages of having them too small are obvious. The money which such draw as their portion is so small as to aid but little in reducing the expenses of education. Not being able to support good teachers, especially, small organizations die by the mere force of law, and of course fail to draw their just portion of the public funds. Yet all the people are taxed year after year two mills on the dollar for the support of schools in the living districts of the county, and when they send their children to school in an adjoining district, by boarding them out or otherwise, they cannot avail themselves of the aid of its public funds, unless it be at the option of its patrons and directors. This shows clearly that it would be their interest to unite with adjoining organizations which have a living, efficient existence.
SECTIONS OF OUR COUNTY NOT YET ORGANIZED INTO SCHOOL DISTRICTS.
    It is desirable, indeed, the law requires, that every part of the county be embraced in some school district. Yet there are many families on the confines of civilization, as well as those in the dead districts, which do not belong to any. Geographical features, such as ranges of mountains, large streams and deserts, must control the boundaries in almost every part of our county. Families living far up in our mountains, and in places not much frequented, should be included in districts to which they naturally belong. For example, all the territory belonging to Little and Big Butte creeks, and Antelope, should be embraced in the one known as Rader's or Westgate's district. We recommend this change to the people of that section of our county. It will add much to your pecuniary interests; and it is nothing more than just that you receive the benefit of your own taxes. Leave no part of the county out in that direction. (Since the above was written, I have been informed that a change has been effected, and this dead district is now alive again, by being embraced in another.) Then there is a fraction of a dead district formerly known as Hamlin's or Stevenson's, which should be included in one or the other of those adjoining; regard being had, of course, to the forms of law in making these changes.
FRACTIONAL DISTRICTS.
    By such is meant those which should embrace portions of territory in two counties. Williamsburg is so, and the people draw school money from both Jackson and Josephine. This generally secures to them quite a large fund. I before spoke of, and recommended, another of the same kind for lower Applegate and Missouri Flats. I need now only add that a large and profitable organization can be so made, and hope it will be, if not done already; and report yourselves to the superintendents of both counties as the law directs, defining the boundaries for each county.
    I put the question to the people of "Dry Diggings," also, whether they could not improve their condition by some such arrangement. The laws of nature make you all one family, socially and commercially; and you should be one in educational interests. And to any other sections so situated, we would say go, and do as the people of Williamsburg have already done.
SCHOOL LANDS.
    Special care of these is of a great importance. I have said much on this subject in my visits over the county, have requested the people and directors of districts to preserve and prevent trespass upon those within their own limits. It affords pleasure to state that there has been a general cessation of these trespasses over the county. Still, however, there are some who will not listen to kind entreaties; and it is much to be regretted that there are persons who will steal both wood and timber from these lands, thus stealing money from your pockets, and knowledge from your children. I have spoken to some of these privately, politely requesting them not to commit these trespasses. Some have promised that they would cease these depredations; and yet, in one instance at least, within a few days afterwards they returned, "like the dog to his vomit," to a repetition of the same offenses. If reports be true, in some instances, the directors themselves have been trespassers. How far leniency should be exercised in such cases may be a question, but there is certainly a point beyond which forbearance ceases to be a virtue. A common excuse is--"Why, everybody has been doing the same for years; everybody goes there to get wood," and such like. A wrong, perpetrated till it becomes a habit, does not surely make it right. There is a piece of school land back of Phoenix, on which Camp Baker stands, once a grand forest, which is now almost worthless. Uncle Sam has made sad havoc of the wood and timber. Who will prosecute him? Will our Hon. Prosecuting Attorney, Mr. Dowell, take the case? I believe it is generally considered good political doctrine that the military power should be in subservience to the civil. Others besides Uncle Sam have had a peculiar spite at that forest of wood and timber. There is yet another between this and Jacksonville for which there has been a peculiar love--or spite shall it be called? And yet another, back of Hopwood's mill, and some others in various places. Now, if directors and people do not take care of these lands within their own districts, I see not how they can be effectually preserved. Let them report those depredations to the superintendent; not by vague flying report, but by giving names, dates, places, on paper, with the names of witnesses; and then the case can be submitted to the forms of law. A mere vague rumor is of but little worth. In order that the people of the county can find what are school lands, I have collected them all together, and left a copy with full description at the clerk's office in Jacksonville. There is frequently more or less difficulty in finding the lines with even a full description on paper, because the stakes have been rubbed down by cattle; corner and sight trees have been cut down. Still, it is probable the people of the several districts, by special attention, could find these lands with sufficient accuracy to report and convict them who are committing trespass. There may be a few instances where none but a practical surveyor could determine the lines.
M. A. WILLIAMS,
    Sup't. Common Schools.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 1, 1865, page 3


SCHOOL EXHIBITION.
    MR. EDITOR:--As I had the pleasure of attending the exhibition given by the students of Mrs. McCully's school, on Friday evening the 21st, at the court house, I propose, with your permission, to give a brief statement of the nature of the exercises there witnessed, with an impartial criticism upon the merits and demerits of said exhibition.
    The school exhibition proper consisted of singing by the school, addresses and compositions by the young ladies and little girls, and declamations by the boys. I am not a connoisseur in music, but if this part of the programme be judged by the pleasing effect it had upon the large audience in attendance, it was decidedly excellent. The selections were tasty and appropriate and the sentiments in harmony with the occasion. The two Miss Millers, aged, we should judge, six and eight years, sang a song in German in a manner that delighted and captivated everybody. There was a musical ring, harmony and sweetness in their tiny voices that took the audience by storm.
    The salutatory address was delivered by Miss Florence Hoffman--the valedictory by Miss Roena Bunyard. Both of these addresses were excellent in style, vigorous in thought, abounded in chaste and appropriate allusions, and were delivered in a clear and distinct manner. The compositions of Miss Short, Kate Hoffman, Nannie Bigham, Hassie Anderson, Roena Bunyard, Florence Hoffman, Mollie Kilgore and Ellen Little all showed a vigor of thought and a power of mental analysis far beyond our expectations. There was a marked individuality in the manner in which these compositions were read, and so clear and distinct that it could be readily heard above the musical roar of babies, throughout the house. The reading of Miss Ellen Little was capital; that of Miss Kate Hoffman ditto; that of Miss Rose Short clear and distinct, but a little too fast. Miss Nannie Bigham won laurels. Miss Florence Hoffman and Miss Roena Bunyard excelled in the finish of their style and in the strength and originality of their thoughts--in fact, all did well. Not the least interesting part of the performance was the addresses of the little girls and boys. They seemed impressed by the magnitude of their performances and won the admiration of all by the confidence they exhibited in their embryo manhood and womanhood, and by their simplicity and grace of elocution.
    Part second of the performances consisted of charades and songs. The first charade was "The Only Young Man in Town." All the young ladies in the school had parts in this pleasant performance. "Mr. Brown" was entertained in style [and] fanned himself with dignity--was confounded by the brilliance of his surrounding stars, and we are sorry to say closed the scene in a paroxysm of melancholy determination. After the close of this piece, Miss Kate Hoffman sang in fine style the song entitled "Inglesides."
    The next charade was entitled the "Antidote." This piece required but few characters, and Miss Florence Hoffman and Miss Ellen Little were the only "school girls" engaged in it. They sustained their parts with credit to themselves and to the entire satisfaction of the audience. The inimitable "Tom" and "Spectacles" did their parts up "Brown."
    This was succeeded by the popular song, "Is It Anybody's Business," sung in good style by Miss Rose Short, and well appreciated by the audience.
    The next charade was entitled "The School Girl." Miss Molly Kilgore, Miss Roena Bunyard and Miss Kate Hoffman had parts in this. Miss Kate Hoffman performed the part of an independent, unrefined and strong-minded woman in capital style. Miss Bunyard acted the part of the fastidious and exquisite lady well. Theirs were the principal female parts. Mr. Payne sustained his part of the accomplished gentleman and lover, in fine style.
    The next performance was a charade entitled "The Boots at the Swan." All acquitted themselves well.
    At the close of this performance a bevy of "school girls," consisting of Florence Hoffman, Ellen Little, Hasse Anderson and Miss Kate Hoffman, led by the clear and musical voice of the latter, sang the popular and patriotic song entitled "The Prisoner's Hope." This was the star musical performance of the evening. It was applauded to the echo. It was in harmonious accord with the sentiments and feelings of the audience and was eloquent with patriotic pathos.
    Charade number five was entitled "There Is No Rose Without Thorns." Miss Rose Short and Miss Nannie Bigham were engaged in this, and their acting was very fine. Everything they said was distinctly heard, and well done was the meed of praise awarded by all.
    The exercises continued till a late hour in the evening, but the interest did not flag. Everybody was well pleased. We hope that we may have the pleasure of attending many performances of like character in the future. Mrs. McCully deserves much credit for the interest and impetus which she has given to the cause of education by these occasional exhibitions.
REPORTER. [P. J. Malone?]
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 29, 1865, page 2


    THE Jacksonville (Oregon) Reporter says that four sisters of Jesus and Mary are expected every day in that town, where they are to establish a school. The lady superioress of the Order at Portland is coming to see them settle in their new home. Father Blanchet has been industriously at work for the last month cultivating the ground and shrubbery around their intended home. He has succeeded to such a degree as to make the cozy little nook look like a miniature Paradise. The Sisters will be a blessing to this community. They diffuse around them charity and virtue, gentleness and intelligence. We hope, in time, to see a school of Christian Brothers also in Jacksonville. The boys of the community need the right kind of training as well as the girls.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, June 4, 1865, page 2


    Three Sisters of Charity intended for the Catholic school of Jacksonville have arrived in Oregon.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 5, 1865, page 3



    SISTERS' ACADEMY.--We learn  from Rev. Father Blanchet that three Sisters of Charity will be ready to open a school in Jacksonville, on the 7th of September next. We will publish at the proper time the terms of admission. Father Blanchet also tells us that he would be very glad to receive the remaining subscription, in order to give a general account of his administration of the academy's fund.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 24, 1865, page 2


    RETURNED.--Father Blanchet has returned from Portland, bringing the sisters with him. We understand that St. Mary's Academy will be opened about the first of September.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 26, 1865, page 2


    SCHOOLS.--The Jacksonville District School commenced a three months' term last Monday--Mr. Kahler teacher--with a fair attendance. The Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary will commence school on Monday next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 9, 1865, page 2


    CATHOLIC SCHOOL.--We notice that the building designed for the Catholic day school is approaching completion very slowly. It is a neat little structure, but too small for the children of that sect in this place.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 25, 1867, page 2


THE PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDING.
    We paid a visit to the public school house during the present week, and feel no hesitation in asserting that it is the finest building of the kind in the state. The main school room, on the ground floor, is very spacious; being thirty by forty and thirteen feet in height, and amply lighted by seven large windows. On the north side of the room a platform is built, five feet in width, giving ample room for recitation and for the use of the blackboard--immediately over it and between the two north windows. Ventilation is provided by having the windows let down from the top, thus obviating the danger to the health of the scholars from drafts of cold air. The main entrance to the school opens on the hall, on the left side of which is an anteroom, designed for the use of the teacher, or for the general purpose of a recitation room; on the right side, to the stairway leading to the upper room, which, itself, is larger than the old school house, being twenty by forty, eleven feet in height and lighted by four spacious windows, two on the east and two on the west side of the building. We understand that the latter room is intended for a primary department, or for the girls should the directors decide on separating the sexes. The rooms are all ceiled and lined with lumber, and painted white. The building is surmounted with a handsome cupola, on which is erected a flagstaff, twenty-four feet in height, on which is perched the inevitable American eagle, overlooking, perhaps, the destinies of the young freemen whose love of liberty is to be fostered and increased by the precepts taught within the walls below. The cupola, we understand, was suggested by Director Beekman, and he is entitled to the credit of adding a great ornament to the building, as it gives it quite an imposing appearance. It is intended to swing a fine bell within the cupola, the tone of which can easily be distinguished from the church bells, to call the youthful toilers up the weary path of knowledge to their daily tasks; and its cheering tones, heard daily among us, will remind this community that at last they have discharged a sacred duty in befriending and encouraging free education. The contractors are deserving of much credit for the substantial manner in which their work has been done, and which will be ready for public inspection on Monday or Tuesday next. We do not doubt but every person will be perfectly satisfied with a building which would certainly be a credit to any town in the state.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 1, 1867, page 2


    FINISHED.--Mr. Linn's contract on the new school house is finished, and it will be ready for occupation right away. The directors have already procured a portion of the desks from below, and will depend upon the liberality of our citizens in voting a school tax for the means wherewith to pay for the same, also for the construction of more of the same pattern. We have been informed that a teacher is to be procured from Yreka. The directors have experienced considerable difficulty in obtaining just such aid as the necessities of the school will demand. A man to take charge of the school, and a woman to act as assistant teacher, is the kind of force thought requisite at the start; but we are persuaded that as many as three teachers will find employment in the school ere long. The directors are no doubt doing the best they can to start the school at as early a day as possible, but if the house has to remain idle now for any length of time, while the "young idea" is running at large and learning to shoot in the wrong direction, why we'll quit puffing them--that's all.
Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, June 8, 1867, page 3


    A GOOD FENCE.--We have heretofore neglected speaking of the substantial fence built by Sergeant Dunlap to enclose the school house grounds. This fence is put down with yew posts, which are supposed to last forever and a year longer.

Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, June 8, 1867, page 3



    SCHOOL FURNITURE.--We had supposed that there was but little room for improvement in school furniture, but must say that Warren's patent desk and seat, some of which have been purchased for the new school house, are decidedly the most convenient and neatest we have ever seen. They are made in sets of three benches, capable of seating six scholars to a set, and take up much less room than the clumsy benches formerly in use.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 22, 1867, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--We are informed by the school directors of this district that they have secured the services of Prof. Dewitt, formerly of Roseburg, and that the school will be opened Monday, the 22nd inst. Mr. Dewitt has the reputation of being one of the foremost teachers in the state, and for the sake of the students in our community we hope his reputation may be a just one, as the few months of idleness children here have enjoyed make the services of a competent teacher all the more necessary. They have also secured the services of Miss Lizzie Clayton as assistant teacher, and will determine during the coming week the rate of tuition and the character of the textbooks to be used. Parents are cautioned against purchasing books until the action of the directors is known.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 13, 1867, page 3


    SCHOOL AT LAST.--After many months of annoying and unavoidable delay, the directors of this district have at last succeeded, with the assistance of a generous public, in getting under way such a district school as we believe no other portion of the state can boast. On Thursday last they made a contract with Prof. Dewitt, to whom is given the entire control of the school for a term of six months--dating from the 22nd inst. They also wisely incorporated a provision in the contract, that the teacher should have, and should exercise, control over the scholars from the moment they left their homes until the moment they returned to them. We hope this wholesome regulation will be heartily sustained by the parents, and that they will give their full and earnest cooperation in preventing turbulent, quarrelsome and disgraceful behavior, so commonly occurring among scholars when released of the restraint of the school room. The directors, with the approbation of Prof. Dewitt, have selected the following textbooks, which are cheap and accessible to all: Wilson's Readers; Quackenbos' Grammar; Davies' Common, Mental and Intellectual Arithmetics; Cornell's Geographies; Wilson's Speller; Lossing's History, and Davies' Algebra. The price of tuition has been reduced to five dollars per quarter, being two dollars less than last year.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 20, 1867, page 3


    REOPENING OF SCHOOLS.--As will be seen by advertisement this morning, the Sisters' schools in this city will resume their studies on the 10th inst. In consequence of the increasing demand for teachers to attend to the other schools in charge of this community, at Jacksonville, Salem, St. Paul's and the Dalles, the Sisters are unable to continue their boys' school, on Third Street. In order that pupils may have the benefit of exercises in music, the Sisters have purchased a parlor organ for the use of their day scholars.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 8, 1867, page 3


    ST. MARY'S ACADEMY.--The fall term of the Young Ladies' Catholic Seminary, in this place, will commence on Monday the 19th inst.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 10, 1867, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--We witnessed the closing exercises of the first quarter of the district school taught in the new school house. All of the scholars acquitted themselves well--better than could reasonably have been expected. Mr. C. C. Beekman, school director, offered prizes to the best spellers in the several classes. Mary Sprague obtained prize of first class, W. Ulrich of second class, and R. L. Farmer of third class. The whole number of pupils on the roll for the term just ended was 112--average attendance, 80. School will commence again two weeks from next Monday. The directors have decided to admit scholars from other districts, until the school is full, on the same terms as those belonging in this, except that they will be extended from the benefit of the public monies belonging to this district. The tuition of such scholars will be about six dollars.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 12, 1867, page 2


    YOUNG LADIES' ACADEMY.--The second term of school, at St. Mary's Academy, in Jacksonville, will commence on Monday, the 4th of November next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 2, 1867, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--The second term of this popular institution will expire on Thursday next. An exhibition will take place on Thursday and Friday evenings, and an interesting time may be expected. Considering the large attendance--an average of over eighty--the progress of the pupils has been excellent, and parents generally express great satisfaction with the conduct and efficiency of a school that is a public monument of the energy of our present Board of Directors, and the liberality of our citizens. The public are expected to attend the exhibition which, of course, is free. It is understood that Mr. Dewitt and Miss Clayton will continue for another term, having given general satisfaction.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 18, 1868, page 3


    ASHLAND SCHOOL.--A six months school, taught in this place by R. H. Dunlap, closed on Friday last. The exhibition in the evening, under the management of O. C. Applegate, was a grand success, consisting of sensation dramas, dialogues, declamations, &c., and interspersed with vocal and instrumental music. The audience was large and appeared highly gratified with the entertainment.Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 18, 1868, page 3


    BELL ARRIVED.--The fine bell for the public school of Jacksonville district, procured mainly by the energy of Director Beekman, has arrived. It is from the foundry of W. T. Garratt, San Francisco, weighs 450 pounds and when hung will doubtless be heard at a distance of three or four miles. There is still due on it about $150, which has been liberally advanced by Mr. Beekman, and which should be promptly made up by subscription. It is unfair that one citizen should be overtaxed to benefit all and we hope this community will come forward and contribute the necessary sum at once.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 13, 1868, page 3


    IN POSITION.--The district school bell was hung in the cupola of the school house, last week. It is a fine-toned bell and can be heard at a great distance.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 11, 1868, page 3


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--The next term of the district school in this town will commence on Monday, 21st, under tuition of Mr. J. W. Stanley. The directors trust that all parents who intend sending children will send them on the first day, so that the school may be properly organized. Tuition will be the same as heretofore: $5 per quarter. If a pupil goes but a week the parent will be responsible for half a quarter's tuition, and if over half a quarter the parent must pay for full tuition.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 12, 1868, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--Commences next Monday. The directors have decided to separate the sexes, and have engaged Miss Wall, a graduate of the State Normal School of Michigan, to take charge of the female department.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 19, 1868, page 3


Free Schools.
    We take from the Herald the following remarks made by the different members of the legislature from Jackson County on the subject of free schools. The committee on education had reported a bill to increase the school tax to four mills, whereupon Mr. John B. White, the Rock Point snob, rose in his place and remarked: "It was not a correct principle for a few individuals, because they happened to be poor and in the majority, to make one man that may have accumulated a little wealth support their schools and they themselves sit around in bar rooms."
    In worthy contrast to the two-penny mind of this pompous self-elected aristocrat, Mr. Smith, who can count more dollars, and pays more tax than Mr. J. B. White, gets up like a man and says:
    "I am in favor of the bill; I am for four mills and am willing to be taxed for the support of schools."
    Mr. Louden of this county also voted in favor of the tax, and it is with pleasure that we do justice to him and to Thomas Smith in recording their creditable action.
    The petition praying for an increase of the school tax was signed by a large number of the heaviest taxpayers of this county, regardless of political bias. There were men's names on it who pay a heavier tax than John B. White, and his remarks are not only a sure index to a narrow contemptible mind, but a direct insult to every petitioner, and certainly not at all complimentary to those of his neighbors who "happen to be poor."
    Who is this John B. White who swells himself up like the frog in the fable, and talks so insultingly of poor men? What is he? and what gives him license to sneer at poverty? Strip him of the wealth accumulated by grinding and skinning his poor neighbors--strip the gilding from his sordid carcass and he would be estimated at his real value as a selfish, bigoted, narrow-minded clod--meaner even in poverty than in wealth.
    There is your Democratic assemblyman, people of Jackson County! Is he not a splendid specimen of the modern Democrat? Swelled with pomposity, sneering at poverty, oppressing the poor, chary of a few dollars to give the poor the benefit of education, and playing the aristocrat on the very smallest amount of aristocratic capital. A pretty Democrat! Shame on him!
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 24, 1868, page 2


District School.
    We attended an examination of the scholars in both departments of the district school on Thursday and Friday, and must express gratification at their manifest improvement in every respect. Both in the department of Mr. Stanley and that of Miss Wall there seems to be an excellent understanding between the teacher and the pupils; and the order and discipline of the whole school is worthy of remark. The algebra class is small, and not yet far advanced, but what they have learned they have acquired thoroughly. The reading classes are becoming proficient, and considerable advancement has been made in arithmetic. On Friday afternoon the exercises were general, and nearly all the scholars "spoke their piece" in a very creditable manner. The average attendance for the last term has been fifty boys and twenty-nine girls, making a total of seventy-nine; and the general deportment and good behavior of the children must be very gratifying to the teachers, who have evidently introduced common politeness as an elementary branch. There will be a vacation until the first Monday in January, and on that day we hope to see even more little feet toiling up the path of knowledge, and even a greater interest taken in a school that is a credit to this place.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 12, 1868, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--The directors of this school district have decided to postpone the commencement of the next term a short time longer. It was intended to have the term commence on Monday next, but it is thought advisable that the pupils be kept at home until all possible danger from smallpox has passed.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 2, 1869, page 2


    TEACHER GONE.--Miss Wall, who taught the female department of the district school, has gone to Sacramento, having secured a permanent situation there.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 2, 1869, page 2


    ST. MARY'S ACADEMY.--The studies of the pupils at this institution will be resumed on Monday next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 2, 1869, page 2


Report of Jacksonville School District for the Year Ending February, 1869.
    No. of legal voters 224; persons over four and under twenty years of age 241; male scholars 120; female scholars 121; quarters of school taught three; kind of books used, Wilson's spellers and readers, Davies' mathematics, Quackenbos' grammar, philosophy and rhetoric, Spencer's copy books, and Cornell's geography. Whole number of scholars in attendance at school 139; males 80; females 59; scholars in average attendance 81. Whole amount paid teachers as salary $1,560; balance on hand from 1868, $141.85; amount received from D. Linn, apportionment for 1868, $553.32; amount received from patrons to Dec. 14th, $804; total $1481.17; amount overpaid by clerk $78.83; incidental expenses $177.83. Names of teachers employed, D. C. DeWitt, principal, and Miss E. Clayton, assistant, two first quarters, and W. J. Stanley, principal, and Miss Mary Wall, assistant for third quarter.
SILAS J. DAY, Clerk.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 6, 1869, page 2


Receipt and Distribution of School Fund.
MARCH 1ST, 1869.
    Whole amount of school fund reported by Max Muller, Treasurer, $2,859.97.
    Twenty-five districts have reported an aggregate of (1493) fourteen hundred and ninety-three pupils between the ages of four and twenty years.
    The following table exhibits the award to every district:
No. District Clerk Pupils Amount
  1. Jacksonville S. J. Day 241 $464.64
  2. Vandorns J. A. Crane 72 137.92
  3. Col. Ross' W. T. Leever 27 51.72
  4. Phoenix F. M. Merrill 43 82.37
  5. Ashland O. C. Applegate 122 233.73
  6. Manzanita W. H. Merriman 42 80.45
  7. Soda Springs Z. Howard 46 88.12
  8. Myers' B. F. Myer 36 63.96
  9. Butte Creek L. Tinkham 101 193.47
10. Tolman's P. Dun 32 64.30
11. Hamlin's Jas. Hamlin 29 55.55
14. Willow Springs M. Mansfield 53 101.53
15. Bethlehem Jas. Miller 57 109.19
17. Dardanelles John Wells 56 107.27
20. Sams Creek W. A. Childers 78 149.40
21. Missouri Flat A. Darneille 50 95.78
22. Wagner Creek W. Beeson 57 109.19
23. Grants Pass Wm. Kahler 57 109.19
24. North Phoenix Wm. Mathis 54 103.41
25. Rock Point J. B. White 70 134.09
27. Union W. A. Jones 51 97.70
28. Lower Applegate L. Allen 18 34.48
29. Prairie M. Peterson 33 63.21
30. Unity T. Mee 43 82.37
32 Foots Creek S. Draper       25       47.89
TOTAL 1493 $1859.97
T. H. B. SHIPLEY,
    Supt. Common Schools.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 13, 1869, page 2


Demand for a Higher Grade of Education.
    In this part of Oregon there is an increasing demand for better educational facilities, and a higher grade of education. Especially do we need a seminary for the education of young ladies, where pupils will be under proper restraint and yet be within easy reach of their friends. A seminary conducted by teachers of character and ability, and divested of all sectarian bias, would be a success here, and would be a great public benefit. Parents are exceedingly averse to placing their children in schools where there is any danger of sectarian influence; they dislike to send them off to a long distance, and the consequence is that a large population of young girls is growing up with little or no education.
    To teachers having the necessary qualifications, who would come here and establish a school where a liberal education could be acquired, and which would not be a nursery for the propagation of any religious doctrines, this is an excellent opening. We hope to see a first-class school here for the education of our daughters, and we have the very best authority for promising anyone who will establish it a generous and sustaining patronage.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 3, 1869, page 2


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--The Jacksonville school will be opened on Monday, the 12th inst. Mr. W. W. Fidler and Mrs. Beach, of Rock Point, have been engaged for a term of three months. We hear of no change having been made in the textbooks.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 3, 1869, page 3


    SCHOOL ELECTION.--The election on Monday resulted in the unanimous choice of Mr. C. C. Beekman for director and the election of S. J. Day, the present incumbent, for clerk. Mr. B. desired to be relieved, but the people seem so well pleased with the interest he has taken in the school that they will not allow him to retire with the honor he has already won. A resolution was adopted requiring the directors to instruct the clerk to report the names of all delinquents at each meeting in order that the deficiency may be made up by a tax.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 10, 1869, page 3


    SCHOOL AT HOME.--Few persons realize how much may be done in a thousand pleasant ways at home. Let a parent make a companion of his child, converse with him familiarly, put to him questions, answer inquiries, communicate facts, the result of his reading or observation, to awaken his curiosity, explain difficulties, the meaning of things, and all this in an easy, playful manner, without seeming to impose a task, and he himself will be astonished at the progress which will be made. The experiment is so simple that none need hesitate about its performance. The first important requisite is that there be mutual confidence between the parent and child; in every season and in every place there may be such lessons and recitations as will benefit both; imparting new facts and principles to one, and elucidating new views, and giving them new force to the other. If at the barn, the boy may be required to give the principle of raising water by the pump, or some other question in hydraulics; if teaming, or plowing, why the work is performed easier when the team is near the load than farther removed; if in the morning when grass is sparkling in pearly drops, how dew is deposited; or, if in the silent and impressive evening hour, why is he chilled in passing the valley, and finds again the genial warmth on ascending a hill. When around the fireside, daughters may state the principle on which smoke ascends the chimney, and why the air is warmest at the top of the room. At another time why the pitcher sweats in the hot noon, or the "dough rises" in the pan. By thus observing events as they pass, we are always at school; both old and young, teachers and pupils in turn. A new enthusiasm is kindled in the breast of each other, while new desires for improvement are awakened, and new sources for it are developed at each recitation.--Golden Era.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 10, 1869, page 4


    ASHLAND SCHOOL.--Mr. Palmer, at present in charge of the Ashland school, was poisoned by vining oak lately, and since has not been able to conduct the school. He will soon be able to resume his position.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 17, 1869, page 2


That "Godly" School.
    If the teacher of the "godly" school in this place would have the public believe in the efficacy of his system, he should pay some attention to the deportment of his scholars while in their play ground. The profanity and obscenity of that school during recess is becoming a subject of general complaint, and even the presence of ladies passing along the sidewalk is no check. At the risk of being considered a heretic we would respectfully request less doctrine and more decency, as it strikes us that faith and the catechism are not very efficacious to correct juvenile depravity and blackguardism.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 24, 1869, page 2


    SCHOOL HOUSE BURNED.--We learn that on Monday night last the school house at Rock Point was destroyed by fire. It is supposed to have been accidental, a heavy wind blowing at the time, and some hot embers from the stove having been thrown out to prevent the result which unfortunately occurred. With very creditable energy, the people of that place immediately fitted up a new school room, and school will be commenced on Monday next. A subscription was started, and about $500 has been raised for the purpose of building a new school house. The people of Rock Point evidently do not regard free schools in the same unfavorable light as does his Reverence the Catholic Archbishop of Oregon. Success to them!
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 24, 1869, page 2


    HILL OF SCIENCE.--Miss Ida Beach commenced last Monday morning to assist the pupils of School District No. 13 up the steep and rugged hill of Science. May she be successful; her vocation is a noble one.
Democratic News, Jacksonville, May 1, 1869, page 3


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--The first term of the district school in this place, for the present year, ended yesterday. The average attendance has been about seventy, and judging from a very interesting exhibition yesterday, the pupils have made excellent progress. The teachers, Mr. Wm. Fuller and Miss Della Beach, have been engaged for another term, and the school will be resumed after a vacation of three weeks.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 3, 1869, page 3


    DISTRICT SCHOOL.--We understand from the directors that the district school in this place will not be opened on Monday as was intended. Vacation will be continued until the weather cools off, and ample notice will be given when the next term will commence.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 31, 1869, page 3


    ASHLAND SCHOOL.--The school at this flourishing place will commence next Monday under the tutorship of Mr. R. H. Dunlap, who has already taught several terms there.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 4, 1869, page 3


    CATHOLIC ACADEMY.--We learn that this institution is in a flourishing condition, having forty-six boarding and day scholars.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 11, 1869, page 2


    REAL ESTATE SALE.--The Catholic Sisters of this place have purchased the handsome residence of Mr. John S. Drum for an academy. The purchase includes four acres of ground, the consideration being $2,500. We understand that they do not take possession till spring.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 2, 1869, page 3


    PRIVATE SCHOOL.--J. L. DeBusshe, recently from California, intends opening a private school, at the district school house, in Jacksonville, on Monday, Dec. 13th. It is his intention to give satisfaction as a teacher, and he solicits a liberal patronage.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 11, 1869, page 3


    The mountains are higher--in fact I had a poor conception of what mountains really are--the valleys are narrower, the streams swifter, the towns smaller, the air is purer, the nights are cooler, the weather is dryer, the people less sociable, the churches scarcer and the school houses smaller, rougher and more ragged. Be it said that not one school house out of six is painted. There are but four or five schools in the county that have anything but old-fashioned wooden benches and a board with legs to it for a writing desk. The people are fully 60 years behind the balance of the world in educational matters. Teachers receive only, for male, about $50, and female $33 per month. As a general thing the old settlers are from the southern states, which accounts, in part, for their backwardness in educational matters. 
"Oregon Letter," North Manchester Journal, North Manchester, Indiana, June 11, 1885, page 2


    Our public schools are now closed for the summer vacation. Prof. Sweet deserves great praise for advancing his pupils so very fast. First there was an exhibition of the intermediate and primary classes, which was very good. Then came the exposition. This was composed of drawings of maps and other subjects, and also of writing and transposing of words and letters. The specimens were from the lowest to the highest grades in the school, and they were quite a study for the parents of the scholars. The drawings were from the beginner up to the finished pupil. The whole was illustrated by some very fine specimens. The most of the flowers grown in our city were on exhibition, and their botanical history written up by the pupils. At night there was commencement at Granite Hall, and it was a complete jam, and many people were unable to get even standing room. The salutatory was delivered by Miss Jessie Plumerth, and the valedictory by Master Jesse McCall. Both were very finely done. The exercises were all highly appreciated by the audience. There were seven graduates. These are the first pupils who have ever graduated from the Ashland public schools.
"Ashland Notes," Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 28, 1887, page 6


The School Districts.
Editor Southern Oregon Mail:
TABLE ROCK, Or., Sept. 12, 1892.
    The last apportionment of school money shows that it was divided among 72 districts. Unless my memory is much at fault the number has been increased [by] about 20 in this county during the past two years Mr. Price has been superintendent. This increase in the number of districts has been out of all proportion as compared with the increase of population of Jackson County. An examination of the list as published shows that one district has but seven children of the school age, another eight, two with but ten each, and the total in fifteen is but 191, or an average of but fifteen children to a district. Under the law all persons between the ages of four and twenty are included in the number enumerated for school purposes, but the returns of school attendance show that not more than two-thirds of those enrolled attend school. Hence it is fair to assume that the district with but seven children had but five of them in school.
    In the distribution of the school funds the law requires that each district shall receive $50, before the remainder if any is divided per capita for the number of children. This law is a good one if not abused, as it makes it possible for a school to be maintained at least three months in the year in a district with not less than 25 children.
    The large number of districts into which this county is divided has worked to the injury of the cause of education in my opinion, as I believe the amount of money frittered away among the fifteen small districts referred to, which sent less than 150 children to school, would have done more good if in districts with enough pupils to make respectable-sized schools.
    If this condition of things goes on what is to prevent each section of land in the county from being formed into a school district, and how long will it be until the towns "catch on" and divide up so as to make every street constitute one?
    The writer believes it is the duty of the county superintendent before authorizing the formation of a new district to satisfy himself that it would contain at least 25 persons of school age and also that it would not reduce the number in any already in existence below that number.
    The idea of organizing a district with but 7 persons of school age and giving it $50, when Ashland with 738 gets but a like sum, shows that something needs reforming.
    A friend suggests that about two years ago the law was changed so as to give the county superintendent $2.50 for each district in the county, and that, as it is to his interest to have as many as possible, that may explain why the number has increased so rapidly.
S. M. NEALON.
Southern Oregon Mail, Medford, September 16, 1892, page 2


TEACHERS' INSTITUTE FOR JACKSON COUNTY.
A Large Attendance and Much Interest--A Number of Prominent Educators Participate.
WEDNESDAY.

    The annual institute at Jacksonville was opened Wednesday morning by Prof. Mulkey on the subject of "Civil Government." Prof. Mulkey's plan is that the town government should be the unit. The pupil should know it in all its details. He should know the justice court. To this all three branches of government are given: The executive, the legislative and the judicial. The plan of county government and the real, true way of teaching it: Have all county officers elected out of the class. One pupil may be elected sheriff and another assessor, etc., until all the officers are represented. Each pupil's experience in searching for the information and in carrying out the principles will impress the pupil till he thoroughly understands exactly his duty. This plan is practice, and the only true way in which it should be taught.
    State Superintendent Ackerman then spoke on the subject "Problems of Rural Schools." Village schools are not keeping up with the city schools. The question to be solved by the teacher is, How to bring the village schools up with those of the city? It can be done in time. There are no more studies now than formerly, and there are a less number of books to be studied. The subject of agriculture is coming into the schools as one of the chief studies, because there is no better way of teaching the pupil to observe than by real experiments.
    Prof. E. E. Washburn then spoke a few minutes on "Arithmetic."
    Supt. Ackerman next took up the subject of "Programs in Rural Schools." He said he hoped the time would never come when the old recitation bench would be a thing of the past, because attention is better and work done quicker. No time need be lost, as one class can stand while another is being seated. Supt. Ackerman advised teachers not to dwell too much on written analysis in Arithmetic.
    After recess, Wednesday afternoon, Pres. B. F. Mulkey addressed the teachers on ''Human History, Natural Philosophy and Agriculture."
    Next on program was a lecture by Dr. Woods Hutchison, secretary of State Board of Health. He impressed some ways of caring for the health of the pupil by the teacher. He said it was impossible for teachers to get pupils in poor health to do any good work in the school at all. He spoke of the teacher knowing the temperature of the bodies of the pupils, and that any pupil ought to be excused whose temperature is greater than 100 deg. F. It is an easy matter for a teacher to test a child's temperature with a fever thermometer. In speaking of the eyesight of children Dr. Hutchison said that a greater demand of eyesight in education is the cause of a greater use of eye glasses today. Glasses never weaken the eye. It is no easy matter for anyone to test the eyesight. In speaking of hearing he said that when a child is hard of hearing the teacher ought to know it, and out of ten pupils seven were affected in this way. Any child defective in any of the senses is certainly defective in his class work, and will drift along in his or her class without the knowledge of the teacher.
    Prof. E. E. Washburn began exercises by an address of welcome to the visiting teachers.
    Prof. A. J. Hanby of Central Point responded to the address. This was followed by a very nicely arranged program, which was rendered by the Jacksonville High School. Dr. Woods Hutchison then gave an interesting lecture on "The Development of the Child."
THURSDAY.
    The first on the program Thursday morning was "Music in the Public School," by N. L. Narregan. The greatest need is more practical music or singing, and not so much technical music. More time should be spent on scale practice and songs which pupils like best.
    Pres. B. F. Mulkey then lectured on the subject of "History." He impressed the fact that history should be taught by cause and effect, and that the pupils should learn the cause and effects, and not so much dates and details. He spoke of the three great stages of American history: First, 1763, ended when the British flag floated over the colonies of America unmolested. It made all the people English. Second stage was when the Declaration of Independence was signed. This made the people all American (1776). Third stage was the great Civil War, which made the people supreme. The first was the unification of the colonies; the second was the Declaration of Independence, which made the people supreme; the third made the people more supreme, and the last incident in history made the people of this country entirely supreme. The large history might easily be discarded from the school, because what general history any of us know we learn after leaving the public school.
    The next on the program was "Primary Education," by Pres. P. L. Campbell of the University of Oregon. The importance of child study was brought out. We must study and know the child in order to properly teach him. The child's desire is outdoor life, and the primary life should be a child's garden.
THURSDAY AFTERNOON.
    P. L. Campbell lectured on the subject "Higher Meaning of Teachers' Work." It is the noblest of all arts. A teacher should put all his power and energy into his work, and be willing to do anything. The teacher's aim should be to supply all the needs, if possible, that he may see in the school. His aim is to remedy anything that is out of sorts, whether it be to make a slamming door close noiselessly or to teach a lesson on phonics in order to help the pupils pronounce certain letters or sounds. His aim should be to study out how to do things which he does not know. A teacher's wages is not the supreme motive. His aim is to develop the child, care for the interests of the people, society and do all the general good he can.
    Chas. H. Jones then instructed and drilled the teachers on music and singing for a few minutes.
    B. F. Mulkey discussed "Orthography." There are more words spoken incorrectly than are spoken correctly.
    P. L. Campbell next ably lectured on the subject of "Language."
THURSDAY EVENING.
    The first part of the program was given by the Medford High School band, followed by a lecture on "The Development of the Ancients."
FRIDAY.
    First on the program Friday morning was "Music" by N. L. Narregan. "The Star Spangled Banner" has been adopted as the national hymns. The reason why so many cannot sing it is because in tone it goes very low and very high. It is impossible for all to learn it.
    Next came a discussion on "Arithmetic." Analysis should be taught in Mental Arithmetic. There is no better way to discipline the mind. Reasoning can only be taught by analysis. The best logical thinkers are those who have studied examples in mental arithmetic by analysis. In mental arithmetic never allow the pencil.
FRIDAY FORENOON.
    P. L. Campbell lectured on the subject of "Reading and Literature." We should speak plain, simple words. When we say retire, instead of going to bed, arise, but never get up, do our ablutions, but never wash our faces, we have a tendency to become rude. We should speak plainly. Reading should be clear and plain enough to get the thought. Pupils must be taught to do more silent reading, because of so much reading to do today. We should know the meaning of the author before we try to read. In reading we should understand the meaning of the first and last parts of a selection, because the best part of the story is left until the last. The main object of teaching reading is to gain a rapid way of getting thought. The newspapers are helping us read by printing large type headings. Great readers read by having a great knowledge. They grasp words no faster; but can grasp the meaning with little reading. The public school library is the best way of helping the pupil to reading. Reading should be connected with literature. The object of reading should be to build up a reading habit. Reading must be good in its way. It must have its effect. It must be the kind that the child can understand. Literature should be good in form and there should be melody in poetry.
    After recess Miss Chase of the Ashland Normal favored the teachers with two recitations.
    Miss Armeda Kaiser of the same institution gave a talk on "Nature Study." Nature study teaches kindness and protection to plants and animals. Many times pupils will be brought to overcome that dread of going to school when he begins to watch the development of insects and plants. The poet is the real naturalist.
FRIDAY AFTERNOON.
    Discussion on "Arithmetic" by E. E. Washburn. It is a mistake to get pupils through school with as little work as possible. Begin percentage by using common fractions. In reckoning interest one good method ought to be used. The purpose of analysis in mental arithmetic is to get clear, logical reasoning. It is a good practice to write down an analysis for an example occasionally.
    Pres. W. H. Dempster of the Drain Normal School gave a short but interesting and instructive address.
    Pres. P. L. Campbell then took up the subject of "Information for the Teacher." The most important thing is the specific directions in which to do a thing. Don't depend on others. If you have a problem, solve it. Do your own work. The greater the difficulty, the greater is the opportunity. The injurious class of people are those who can do nothing, but simply talk about the ones who go ahead and accomplish something. We should be persistent, and keep working away, although we meet defeat.
    After adoption of resolutions, which were read by S. P. Robins, Pres. B. F. Mulkey closed the institute by remarks which contained much good advice for the teachers who go back to their respective schools.
    The institute was well attended, not a teacher being absent during the three days' session. All teachers were perfectly satisfied with the institute, and voted it one of the best ever held in Jackson County.
    The following is a list of the teachers who were in attendance.
ASHLAND.

A. Adelaide Beebe.
G. W. Milan.
W. F. Cameron.
Mary Foshay.
Gertrude Engle.
H. Beach.
Grace Garrett.
Docia V. Willits.
Mayme McWilliams.
Elma W. Bultman.
C. K. Bentley.
Mae Mulit.
Mac Sutton.
Margaret Byers.
Inez Kitchin.
Etta Johnson.
Harriet Ganiere.
Ila M. Myers.
Hattie Gleason.
Agnes Moore.
Sadie McCarthy.
MEDFORD.
John R. Tyrrell.
Helen Wait.
Gertrude Wilson.
Mrs. M. G. Hoge.
Minnie Gowland.
Julia Fielder.
Marie E. Gray.
Clara Poley.
Mary Childers.
Ella Dodge.
Armetta Burch.
N. L. Narregan.
Lelia Stinson.
Anna Jeffrey.
Lizzie Ferguson.
Minnie Hockenyos.
David Mathews.
Fannie Hughes.
Viola Pheister.
Lillie Hughes.
G. H. Samuels.
Mrs. G. H. Samuels.
Chas. H. King.
JACKSONVILLE.
Maud Prim.
Mrs. M. Peter.
E. E. Washburn.
P. H. Daily.
S. P. Robbins.
A. Murphy.
Bernice Cameron.
Kate Broad.
Tillie Hooks.
Nettie Thompson.
Frances Donegan.
Josephine Donegan.
Mrs. S. P. Robbins.
Anna Lyden.
CENTRAL POINT.
Dorothy Day.
A. J. Hanby.
Mrs. A. J. Hanby.
Bertha Corum.
C. A. McTavish.
Zuda Owens.
Dora Hurley.
Juha Nash.
GOLD HILL.
Corta Masterson.
M. E. Griffiths.
Edith Dungey.
Mae Curry.
Martina Thiele.
TALENT.
T. A. Fleck.
G. R. Carlock.
Anna Beeson.
PHOENIX.
J. A. Bish.
Eva E. Storey.
EAGLE POINT.
J. N. Miller.
J. C. Barnard.
Bertha Peachey.
A. H. Peachey.
WIMER.
Effie Weiss.
WOODVILLE.
Dollie Badger.
RUCH.
Mary B. Underwood.
BEAGLE.
T. R. Wilhite.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, November 4, 1903, page 4


JACKSONVILLE SCHOOL HOUSE
One of the Handsomest and Best Appointed Schoolhouses in the State Completed--
Plumbing, Heating and Architecture by Medford Men.

(From Jacksonville Post.)
    From basement to roof, both inside and out, the completeness, durability and appearance of the building is one of the finest, size considered, that was ever erected in the state of Oregon. Surely the taxpayers of Jacksonville and vicinity should be proud of their new school building and the board of trustees who have worked so diligently and faithfully to bring about such admirable results.
    The building is two stories in height with a basement, built of bricks and concrete, absolutely fireproof, steam heated, has an excellent water system, electric lighted, roomy, light and well ventilated.
    An interesting feature of the new building is the steam heating plant, which was installed by W. A. Aitken of Medford and which cost $2275. In the first place, everything connected with the plant is fireproof. Where it was necessary to use wood, metal lath and plaster have been put on, and the large flue centers a solid wall of concrete and brick and is at least eight feet from any wood.
    The trustees are more than pleased with Mr. Aitken's excellent work, as not a particle of trouble has been experienced since the plant was first installed. The boiler comes from Chicago and is one of the best manufactured. It has an automatic heat register, so that when a certain amount of steam is raised the register shuts off the heat and no possible accidents can occur.
    A pipe line is being laid from G. E. Neuber's water tank to the school building, and water will gravitate from there and a hydrant will be placed in the basement, from which place the janitor will distribute water for drinking purposes to the various departments.
    And so we say hats off to Messrs. Beekman, Kenney and Applegate, for they are the real men behind this beautiful and commodious school building, the men who are responsible for bringing to Jacksonville the handsomest and safest school building this district ever had.
    This building was planned by Medford's brilliant young architect, John McIntosh.
Medford Daily Tribune, January 27, 1908, page 3


MANY NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN COUNTY
    Jackson County is experiencing a revival in the matter of the erection of new school buildings. Nine new school buildings were completed during the last year at a cost of over $70,000. Medford's new high school building cost approximately $40,000. Phoenix built a four-room brick with an assembly hall at a cost of $12,600. The Central Point building cost over $18,000. District No. 69 built a one-room brick which cost $19,000. Agate's new two-room building cost $2150. The Butte Falls building cost approximately $7000. There are seven new buildings under way at present. Woodville has bonded the district for $15,000 for a six-room brick. Prospect is building a $2000 two-room frame building and district No. 95, which has just been organized, has already let the contract for a similar building. Aside from these, districts Nos. 47, 50, 61 and 93 will have new buildings for the fall term. Talent will probably build next year. The log schoolhouse is doomed in Jackson County.
Medford Daily Tribune, September 18, 1909, page 1


SCHOOL SURVEY SHOWS OUTHOUSES ARE UNSANITARY
    There has recently appeared in the local press a Portland dispatch under the heading "County Schools in Bad Condition," which was based on a report made by Mrs. Katherine Kelley, traveling nurse for the state board of health, after a trip of inspection through the schools of Douglas, Josephine and Jackson counties. The article stated that Mrs. Kelley found the sanitary conditions in the schools very bad, and that many cases of impetigo or skin disease, caused by filth, were found. In order that the readers of that article may be fully informed of the conditions found by Mrs Kelley in Jackson County, I am giving below her detailed report on all schools visited in the county, which will show that she did not find them in bad condition. Nearly all the schools visited were reported clean, and only two cases of impetigo were reported, and one of these was not in a country school. In many instances the outhouses were reported in bad condition, and this condition is bound to exist to a greater or less degree so long as the old style toilet is in vogue, though we are making an effort for improvement along this line.
    Below is the detailed report of Mrs. Kelley, as furnished me by the secretary of the state board of health:
    Anderson Creek School, teacher--Pupils 22, drinking tank and individual drinking cups, school very clean, outhouses in very bad shape.
    Wagner Creek School, teacher--Pupils 24, impetigo 1, school and ventilation very good, janitor service, pump and individual cups.
    North Phoenix School, teacher--Pupils 29, building fifty years old, fairly clean, outhouses fairly good, pump and individual cups.
    Griffin Creek School, teachers--Pupils 56, one room, very unsanitary, drinking tank and individual cups, outhouses very unsanitary.
    Oak Grove School, teachers--Pupils 46, sanitary conditions fairly good, boys' outhouse very unsanitary, pump and individual cups.
    Independence School, teacher--Pupils 25, drinking tank and individual cups, sanitary conditions good, outhouse not very clean.
    Antelope School, teacher--Pupils 7, school very clean, outhouses good condition, pump and individual cups.
    Brownsboro School, teacher--Pupils 9, drinking tank and individual cups, school clean, outhouses very bad shape, need new ones.
    School 65, teacher--Pupils 15, drinking fountains, outhouses fairly good.
    Lake Creek School, teacher--Pupils 23, pump and individual cups, school fairly clean, outhouses very unsanitary.
    Eagle Point School, teachers--Pupils 60, school clean, girls' outhouse good, boys' outhouse very unsanitary.
    Roosevelt School, teacher--Pupils 22, school clean, pump and individual cups, outhouses very unsanitary.
    Dewey School, teacher--Pupils 12, pump and individual cups, school clean.
    Lone Pine School, teacher--Pupils 23, pump and individual cups, school clean, outhouses good condition.
    Agate School, teachers--Pupils 50, pump and individual cups, school clean, outhouses fairly good.
    Table Rock School, teacher--Pupils 24, adenoids 1, school clean, pump and individual cups, outhouses fairly clean.
    Chaparral School, teacher--Pupils 26, drinking tank and individual cups, school clean, outhouses good condition.
    Antioch School, teacher--Pupils 27, pump and individual cups, old buildings, fairly clean, outhouses unsanitary.
    Gold Hill School, teacher (primary)--Pupils 34, adenoids 1, impetigo 1, old building, room very cold, needs inspection, no water supply. (On account of crowded conditions in the Gold Hill schools, this grade has been transferred to the old school building, once deserted.)
    Dardanelles, teacher--Pupils 22, pump and individual cups, ventilation very bad, Waterbury system, outhouses fairly good.
    West Side School, teachers--Pupils 26, adenoids 2, drinking tank and individual cups, outhouses good condition, school clean. (This report is not correct, there being no drinking tank nor individual cups in this school, but a drinking fountain instead.)
J. PERCY WELLS.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 8, 1913, page 6


Jackson County City and Rural Schools Show Progress
    Jackson County, during her progressive strides in various lines within the past few years, has not overlooked her schools. Those of the rural districts are reported in another column, as are also the schools of Medford. As space is limited, we can give only a very brief account of each.
    Ashland, at the southern end of the county on the Southern Pacific line, has a school district of the first class. The schools are housed in three buildings, all of which are modern in every respect. The high school, located in the eastern part of the city on a six-acre tract, is of granite, with dash stucco finish. It has twenty-six recitation rooms, gymnasium, assembly, splendid laboratories for the sciences, manual training, domestic science and cooking rooms.
    The grade buildings are of brick construction, and each is located on a three-acre tract. At each of these, as well as at the high school building, there is a well-kept front lawn planted to shrubbery and flowers.
    While Ashland considers her school buildings modern in every respect, she is no less proud of her system of schools than she is of the buildings. The organization is modern throughout, the handwork and cultural studies being well balanced and progressive. Under Superintendent G. A. Briscoe the schools are second to none in the West.
    Coming north from Ashland we find the Talent schools, a district of the second class, located in a new and up-to-date building. Under the principalship of G. W. Ager, it has this year met the requirements of an A standard school of Jackson County. Besides the grammar grades, the course includes two years of high school work, with special teachers for manual training, domestic science and music. This school is making extensive improvements each year.
    Phoenix, another town on the Southern Pacific line, has a school district of the second class. Five years ago the district was bonded for $15,000 for building purposes. At that time the assessed valuation of the district was a little less than $300,000, there were about 150 pupils in the district, and three teachers were employed. Some of the residents considered the step of bonding a foolish move. But its wisdom is now seen, for the school today has an enrollment of 228 pupils, employs seven teachers, and the district has an assessed valuation of over one million dollars. G. W. Ager is the principal.
    Jacksonville, though the oldest school in the county, is by no account a "mossback." While the school district has had the misfortune of losing two buildings in the past, it now has a modern brick structure, in which the district has about $18,000 invested. Besides the recitation rooms, the building contains a large auditorium with stage, a gymnasium, a lunch room and a furnace room. Under the leadership of Superintendent F. C. Smith, besides the regular grade and high school work, courses are given this year in domestic science and vocal music.
    In size Central Point has the third school in Jackson County, and its superintendent, A. K. Mickey, says their aim is to make it first in organization and efficiency. Their motto is "The best is none too good for Central Point." This school was among the first in the state to employ a special teacher in music. Special teachers are also employed for domestic science and art and for [the] manual training course, one of the largest in Southern Oregon. Another feature of the school system is its departmental work, which is carried on in all grades above the third. The building, equipment and organization of the Central Point schools would do credit to a much larger city.
    The people of Gold Hill are determined that no school in this end of the state shall be better than theirs. Under the direction of Superintendent B. A. Adams, the school has come rapidly to the front in the past two years. The attendance has outgrown the large new brick structure, and it has become necessary again this year to fit up a room in the old building. A full four years' high school course is offered. Commercial work, music, domestic science and manual training are given special attention. At the present writing the high school has an enrollment [of] forty-two.
    Rogue River, at the north end of Jackson County on the Southern Pacific line, is well to the front with its schools. Under the direction of Miss Frances A. Neevel as principal, excellent work is being done in the grades and in the three-year high school course. Instruction in music is given by a special teacher. At the time of this writing, seventeen pupils are enrolled in the high school and 121 in the grades.
    Eagle Point, located on the P.&E. line some fifteen miles northeast of Medford, is the only town in Jackson County without a high school. However, the grades, under the principalship of W. E. Buchanan, are doing first-class work. The school has an enrollment of eighty pupils, nine of whom are in the eighth grade. The pupils, through their own efforts with entertainments and industrial work, have bought an organ, a base
ball outfit and basketball and playground equipment.
    Butte Falls, the little town at the terminus of the P.&E. near Mount Pitt, is keeping its school abreast of others in the onward march. The school is housed in a fine new building, surrounded with a beautiful lawn and playgrounds. The enrollment this year totals fifty, four of whom are doing ninth and tenth grade work. Plans are being made to install a course in manual training next year. A. L. Wright is the principal.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 1, 1914, page B3


NOTICE
    Sealed proposals will be received at the residence of the undersigned, at Derby, Oregon, until six o'clock p.m.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1915,
for the erection of a two-roomed school building for District No. 31, Jackson County, Oregon, on the present site, at Derby, Oregon. Plans may be examined at the residence of F. R. Neil, Derby. Cash or certified check for 10 percent of amount of proposal, payable to L. B. Caster, school clerk, must accompany each proposal. Should successful bidder fail to enter into contract within five days after award, deposit to be forfeited.
    Board of directors reserves the right to reject any and all proposals.
L. B. CASTER,
    School Clerk Dist. No. 31,
    Jackson County, Oregon.
Dated July 24, 1915.
Medford Mail Tribune, July 28, 1915, page 5


LIST OF TEACHERS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS NOW COMPLETE
    At no other time probably has the outlook for a good school year looked brighter. The schools are opening with many new teachers, but all are thoroughly trained for the work assigned. There are four new departments added to the course, The board concluded to do this because of the constant demand from the public. The departments are being organized and will be set in motion immediately upon the opening of the school Monday. The teaching staff is now on the ground and no effort is being spared to start the year's work without a hitch.
    On account of the delay in shipment of plumbing supplies the repairs at the Washington School will not be completed in time for the opening of school Monday morning. The repairs will be completed a week later. All other buildings will be in readiness. The janitors have been working for four weeks giving each building a thorough cleaning; a general renovating from cellar to garret has been made, thus making the buildings thoroughly sanitary for the opening of school.
Enrollment Large
    Every indication makes it appear that the enrollment will exceed the total enrollment of last year. Parents and pupils who have recently moved to the city from outside states have been making daily inquiry relative to the work and classification.
    The Opportunity room authorized by the board of education and organized last year at the Lincoln School will be under the tutelage of Elizabeth Ferguson. This department proved so satisfactory and accomplished so much in the acceleration of over-aged and exceptional students that the work will not only continue but will be strengthened along prevocational lines.
Teachers' Meeting
    Superintendent Hillis has called all the teachers for a general meeting at 10 a.m. Saturday when an outline of the year's work and the necessary readjustments carefully explained.
    The following is a complete list of the instructors for the coming year:
High School Teachers
    Principal, P. H. Daily; Otto Klum, Manual Training and Athletics; L. H. Blakley, Manual Training and Mechanical Drawing; Pearl E. Anderson, English: Bess Kentner, English; Frieda Kurz, German and English; Ina Akins, Latin; Ruth Turner, French and Spanish; J. M. Gressley, Commercial; Vera Merriman, Stenography; Wayne A. Marchant, Physics and Chemistry; Harriett Wilson, Mathematics; Vesta Holt, Biology and Mathematics; Lora Smith, History; Grace Mitchell, Cooking; Viola Wood, Sewing; Elmora Winfrey, Teachers' Training.
Special Teachers
    Eileene French, Music; Wessie Griffith, Industrial Arts; Jennie Hunter, Physical Culture; V. Meldo Hillis, superintendent.
Washington School
    Principal, C. S. Cramer; Intermediate High School, C. S. Cramer, Ora Cox, Norma Barbe, 7, 8 and 9B grades; Violet E. Gould, 6th grade; Esther Crosby, 5A and 6B; Mabel Hermanson, 5B and 5A; Sue M. Hoffman, 4A; Nelle Heizer, 4B; Miss Van Meter 3B and 2A; Mrs. P. H. Daily, 2B and 2A; Julia Fielder, 1B and 1A.
Lincoln School
    Principal A. J. Hanby, Intermediate High School; A. J. Hanby, Amy Harding, Josephine Riley, 7, 8 and 9B grades; Miss Pearce 6B and 6A; Bessie Porter 5B and 5A; Mrs, West 3A and 4B; Kate Stine 2A and 3B; Fannie Haskins, 1B and 2B; Elizabeth Ferguson, Opportunity Room.
Jackson School
    Principal, J. W. Kerns 7A and 8B; Miss Carkin 6A and 7B; Bernice Brooks 5B and 5A; Mary Trowbridge 4A and 5B; Kathryn Denham 3A and 4B; May Mordoff 2A and 3B; Miss Philbrook, 1B and 2B.
Roosevelt. School
    Principal Emily Devore, 1B and 2A; Miss Canode 3B and 3A; Anna Jeffrey 4B and 4A; Helen Rose, 5B and 5A; Lilian Worrell 6A and 7B.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 15, 1916, page 3


Jackson County.
    School men of Jackson County make but few shifts during the present year. The larger schools of the valley which will have the same principals or superintendents as they had last year are: Rogue River, B. G. Harding; Gold Hill, G. W. Milam; Central Point, E. B. Stanley; Medford, V. Meldo Hillis; Phoenix, H. H. Matthews; Talent, P. L. Spencer; Ashland, Geo. A. Briscoe. At Jacksonville G. W. Godward, who was an assistant in the high school last year, has been promoted to the principalship of the high school.
    Otto Klum, for the past two years athletic director of the Medford high school, has accepted a position with the Mutual Life Insurance Co., of New York, with headquarters in Ashland. Otto has already acquired such a knowledge of the insurance business that he can talk faster than some of his boys used to sprint.
    C. S. Cramer, former principal of the Washington school of Medford, and Leonard Buoy, former principal of the Butte Falls high school, have gone to the front with the other boys from this county.
    Among the new teachers who have come into our county this fall are: Miss Margaret McQuiston of Josephine County, who will teach at Lake Creek; Mrs. Maud Creeks who is now at Siskiyou but formerly of Salem; Roy Brown of Josephine county will teach at Applegate where E. N. Deardorff is principal; W. W. Pettit of Sacramento, California, will be principal at Ruch; Miss Stella Haan of Forest Grove will go to Phoenix; and Miss Ethel McCoy of Eugene will teach at Rock Point. A number of other changes are being made in Medford and Ashland and in a few other places of the valley but we are unable to report them at this time.
    Forty-two teachers of the county took the teachers' examinations in June. The tests were considered by many to be very difficult, although results were quite satisfactory taking everything into consideration.
    A surplus of applications for rural schools, especially from young teachers from the varous training classes of our high schools, was responsible for the early employment of teachers by board members throughout the county. Nearly all boards had promised and in most cases had made contracts with their teachers before the annual school meeting in June. This is an encouraging step, as it will have a tendency to prolong the time of employment of teachers in the rural districts.
    Supervisor E. R. Peterson has a number of ideas regarding the solution of the rural school problem which he has worked out nicely on paper, but which he desires to put into practice in the school room under close observation. He has therefore accepted a position in a rural school at Marysville, California, and will work in conjunction with the authorities of the Chico Normal in carrying out his experiments. Mr. Peterson has made an excellent record during his four years of service in this county, and teachers as well as school children and patrons of our schools join in wishing him well in his new venture. R. E. Morris of Roseburg has been selected by our county educational board to succeed Mr. Peterson as supervisor of our rural schools. Mr. Morris comes to us highly recommended as a supervisor and school administrator and we trust he may have the cooperation of all friends of education in making his term a most successful one.
    When the time came for the 23 boys in the Jackson County Corn Acre Project to get ready to attend the Boys' Summer Session at the O.A.C. in June, only two, Charles Owens of Rogue River and William Straus of Sams Valley, were able to get away. Scarcity of labor and the need of someone to work in the corn during the dry season kept the boys at home.
    Six canning teams were organized in our schools this spring and all have been doing some excellent work. The leaders or captains of the various teams all report great progress and satisfaction with the undertaking. The leaders of the teams are: Miss Verta Grover, captain of one team at Eagle Point; Miss Leta Stevens, captain of three teams at Phoenix; Miss Maude Rice, captain of one team at Talent; and Miss Mabel Moore, captain of one team at Bellview. Besides these the Honor Guards in several of the towns have groups of girls doing a great deal along the same line. Some of these teams will be called upon to give demonstrations at both our county and state fairs, and they wiil also compete for honors and prizes to be offered at Portland in connection with the State Land and Products Show to be held later, and at which exhibits will be made.
    The Jackson County Fair booklets will be out only one month before the dates set for the fair. This is too late to insure a successful fair and it is encouraging to note that steps are being taken to secure permanent grounds and have everything outlined months before the time of holding the fairs in the future. An effort is being made to get permission from the Jackson County Fair Association to enable the county school superintendent to put out the school and children's premium lists early this fall for the fair to be held in 1918, so that school children and teachers will know in advance just what to work for and can prepare accordingly.
Oregon Teachers Monthly, September 1917, pages 42-43


LONG MOUNTAIN SCHOOL WORKING ON NEW LINES
    No. 37, or Long Mountain school, is a little school out in the chaparral brush about three miles from Eagle Point. The building is not a modern one, and can be reached only by crossing a mud flat. The school, however, is working along very modern lines, having introduced some of the newest features in education. The community there is awake to this fact and is becoming proud of its school.
    The teacher, Miss Jessie Chauncey, has instituted what proves to be a very effective way of encouraging personal care and courtesy on the part of the children. She places a star on the board each day for a pupil who has kept his hands and face clean, brushed his teeth in the morning, comes to school with a clean handkerchief, helps Mother or Father with the work, gets up with a smile, and does a few other things of like character. The use of correct language at all times is given proper credit, and with very desirable results.
Hot Lunches Served.
    The school room is decorated by the children, each pupil or group of pupils having charge of a certain portion of the work. There may be a lack of harmony at times, but with the counsel of the teacher the children keep the room attractive and are benefited, of course, by the experience of doing the work. Picture study and other forms of art are carried on in connection with room decoration.
    They have recently begun to serve hot lunches at the Long Mountain school, and indications are that it will add one to the successes in that line. The pupils bring cold sandwiches and other articles as they may choose, then with that they have at noon a bowl of hot soup or some other hot dish prepared at school.
    Members of the agricultural class are raising various kinds of plants for study. Ornamental plants are raised with those for study, just to make the boxes and the room more attractive.
    The pupils and their teacher are now laying plans for industrial club work, to begin soon after the Christmas vacation.
Gravel Playground.
    One of the recent moves in the Long Mountain school is to get the use of a team and haul gravel to gravel a portion of the playground.
    The school is entering wholeheartedly into the county contests; pupils are working for the Palmer awards in writing; the school made 100 percent in the recent pledge card campaign. All this is to the credit of a wide-awake people.
    The teacher and pupils are not alone in their progressive tendencies. The school board has plans for making some needed improvements, and the community as a whole seems to be with the school in its good work. There will probably be formed a community organization of some kind during the school year.
    It is true, no doubt, that the traditional school subjects are first in importance, but a school is expected now to be of the greatest possible service to the community, and it can accomplish this only by doing such things as are mentioned above. Reports show that schools carrying on such work are not running behind in the more formal school subjects, but in nearly every case rank high in that regard.

Medford Mail Tribune, December 24, 1917, page 8


WARM SUPPLEMENT TO LUNCH
Extension Worker of Jackson County, Oregon,
Gives Directions for Making Dish.

    Squaw dish is an interesting and simple hot supplement to the school lunch, used in Jackson County, Oregon. The county extension worker, in her report to the United States Department of Agriculture, gives the following directions for making it:
Squaw Dish.
2 cans corn ½ teaspoonful salt
3 slices bacon ¼ teaspoonful pepper
5 eggs
    At recess time, cut the bacon in small pieces. Open the corn and turn into an enameled or aluminum pan. Break the eggs into a bowl, but do not beat. At 11:45 the appointed cook should light the fire and fry the bacon until brown. The eggs are next beaten, then the corn, which has been thoroughly heated, and seasonings are added to the eggs. The mixture is poured into the pan with the bacon and stirred until the eggs are thickened as for scrambled eggs.
Ballston Spa Daily Journal, Ballston Spa, New York, November 28, 1923, page 4


First School in Rogue River Valley
    The first school in the Rogue River Valley of which I can find any record was taught by Mary Hoffman of Jacksonville in the summer of 1854. O. A. Stearns, now a resident of Ashland, attended this pioneer school. Mr. Stearns was also the first white man to climb down the steep slopes of the crater to the shores of Crater Lake. He was also the pioneer homesteader in Klamath County. When I visited Mr. Stearns recently at his home in Ashland he told me of his early-day schooling and showed me an article he had written about it, published in the Ashland Tidings. His account of this pioneer school in part is as follows:
    The first schoolhouse was built by the early settlers of the Wagner Creek section in the summer of 1854. A meeting of the citizens was called and a temporary school district was organized and named Eden school district. They elected three directors and a school clerk, and decided to build a schoolhouse and start a school at once. The logs for the schoolhouse were soon on the ground, and an old-fashioned logrolling found nearly the entire neighborhood on the ground and the building was put up and finished with such material as was to be had, in a day or two.
    The house was located on the banks of Bear Creek, about one-fourth of a mile northeast of where the town of Talent now stands. It was about 18 by 32 feet in size, with a slab floor. The cracks between the logs were chinked with pine blocks left from the splitting of the shakes with which it was covered. One or two windows on either side were made by cutting out a segment of the logs and covering the aperture with flour sacks. The school furniture consisted of two long tables placed lengthwise of the room, with benches on either side for seats. These benches were made of slabs with holes bored through them and round legs of oak inserted from the under or round side of the slabs. Several smaller benches were made for the smaller scholars. The teacher's desk and seat may have been of rough lumber, as a sawmill built by Granville Naylor during the previous winter was sawing some lumber up the creek. The door was built of lumber. It was hung on wooden hinges and was operated by a leathern latchstring. Water was brought from a spring just under the hill, near the creek.
    The schoolhouse faced the public road to the west, where now is the Pacific Highway. There was neither fireplace nor stove, as it was strictly a summer school; the ventilation was excellent and sanitary in a marked degree. A good-sized club or board, pounded on the door, summoned to books.
    A daughter of a pioneer family residing near Jacksonville, Mary Hoffman by name, was employed to teach the first term of three months. Her salary I do not remember, but there was a fee of $10 collected for every pupil, and there were some 29 of these, by far the larger number of whom were nearly or quite as old as the teacher.
    As there was no book store in the valley, the scholars had to depend upon such books as were brought across the plains with them, and they were of all the varieties in use in the several states, scarcely any two families having the same series, but by using tact and lending one to another, our teacher managed to get along surprisingly well.
    Here is a list of the scholars as I remember them: Elizabeth and Nancy Anderson, Colver, Martha, Abi, Donna, Hiram and Solon Lewellyn; Thomas D. and Martha Reames, Mary, Nancy and John Scott; Robert A., Mary and Daniel Grey and the Grey twins, John and William; Joseph, Samuel, John and Robert Robison; Calvin Wagner, Welborn Beeson and Theresa, Oscar, Orson and Newell Stearns.
    We were divided into classes according to the advancement in the various studies, but the Rs were about all that were particularly stressed, and the old style of toe the mark and giving "headmarks" to the most proficient was then in vogue. I recall no difficulty in maintaining school discipline, which would indicate a proficient teacher or a remarkably well-behaved lot of scholars. The young ladies were on good terms with the teacher, and when not in study hours were on terms of sociability. I remember at one time during the noon hour, when the teacher and the larger girls were having a hilarious time about something that they did not seem desirous of sharing with the boys and younger scholars. It afterward leaked out that their fun was over a love letter which some lovelorn suitor had sent the teacher. It was written entirely in the Chinook jargon, then quite common in conversing with Indians, but scarcely appropriate to convey the tender emotions, hence its oddity and grotesqueness were too much to keep secret from the other girls.
    So far as I know, I am the solo surviving scholar of that early school. The teacher is the only other survivor.
    That pioneer schoolhouse had five other terms of three months each, taught all by different teachers and in the following order: The Rev. John Grey, Henry Church, Mr. Eldridge, Mr. Reddick and Mr. McCalley.--Fred Lockley in Oregon Journal.
Medford Mail Tribune,
October 28, 1924, page 9


HISTORY OF JACKSON COUNTY SCHOOLS
   
JACKSONVILLE, DISTRICT 1
    Jacksonville, Oregon, has an old and varied school history beginning back in the summer of 1854 when Rev. T. F. Royal, then county school superintendent, took his pen and carefully inscribed the following in his now-ancient record book, which is still on file in the office of the school superintendent:
    "School District No. 1 embraces all the territory and inhabitants within the following lines: Commencing five rods north of the part where Captain J. F. Miller's north lines intersect the first range of mountains west of his claims, thence running east to the first section line east of Clinton's Buttes, thence south (including Mr. Heber) to the mountains, thence to the head of the left-hand fork of Jackson Creek, thence to the place of beginning.
    (Marginal note.) "Mr. Heber is left out of District No. 1 at his own request and attached to District No. 2. Dated July 19, 1854, T. F. Royal, superintendent, Com. School, Jackson County, O.T."
    Turning a few yellow pages, we arrive at a record also dated 1854 and note these interesting facts: "Number of pupils in district, 54; number of months taught, 3; number in attendance, 30; books used, Webster's speller, McGuffey's readers, and Adams' arithmetic, D. Walton Clark.
    "District No. 1 was the only one in which a legal school was taught and in that only a short time. There were no funds in the treasury and therefore there were no appointments."
    The first schoolhouse, a small wooden building, stood on the Capt. J. F. Miller claim where Mrs. Sargent's house is now located. Here and later in a small building which stood on the bank of Jackson Creek, near the present Lewis place, taught Messrs. Humphrey, Babcock, Howard and Thorpe from 1854 until 1867.
    One of the first private schools in Southern Oregon was taught by Mrs. Jane McCully in the house now occupied by her daughter, Miss Issie McCully, and numbered among her pupils was Mrs. Chris Ulrich, who still lives in Jacksonville. Some years later a Mrs. Beech conducted a private school near the present residence of Mr. Day.
    In 1867 the first schoolhouse was constructed on the present site and we find the records reveal these facts: D. C. Dewitt, principal; Miss Lizzie Clayton, assistant; James Dilgare, clerk. Tax levied, $5492. Total salary paid teachers, $290; length of term, 3 months; legal voters in district, 225; pupils in district, 221; average daily attendance, 27.
    Numbered among the early school clerks and the dates of their service are the following: D. Welton, 1854-55; A. S. Welton, 1855-57; J. R. Clippers, 1857-58; W. W. Fowler, 1858-60; James Kilgore, 1860-68; S. J. Day, 1868-72; G. W. Ratrie, 1872.
    The school board has contained some of Oregon's leading citizens in the past 70 years, and their service to the county is above estimation. Among them are found C. C. Beekman, Peter Applegate, Silas Day, T. G. Reames, Wm. M. Colvig, J. R. Neil.
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GRIFFIN CREEK, DISTRICT 2.
    This district is variously designated in the old records as Van Dorn's School District, as Heber Grove, and as Enterprise District.
    It is described in September, 1854, as follows: "Commencing at the N.E. corner of District No.1 about 1 mile E. of Clinton's Butte--running east to Stuart's Creek thence up said creek to the N.E. corner of Gates' claim--thence in a southerly direction to the mountains, including Herrin, Hamlin, Frick and Whitworth--thence W. to the E. line of Dist. No. 1 including Griffin--thence north to place of beginning."
    Wm. Hoffman was registered in 1854 as clerk of the district, and he reported no schoolhouse, one quarter of school, and 12 children attending school out of the 31 said to be in the district. No school was held in 1855-56, but the following summer there was a subscription school. The district received $117.84 out of the Jackson County school fund that year, and reported one schoolhouse. B. B. Griffin became clerk in 1858. By 1861 the school reported 180 days of school and 25 scholars in attendance, John S. Herrin serving as clerk.
    In 1866 the name "Van Dorn's District" first appears with David Redpath's report of 2 quarters and 25 children attending.
    Names of J. A. Crane, T. Brady, Daniel Doty, W. C. Lacy appear as clerks up to 1875, and the district was that year called Heber Grove. The first county record of directors seems to be in 1881 when J. P. True, John Dollarhide and C. Mingus are reported. In 1882, I. W. Thomas as clerk enumerated 62 boys and 63 girls of school age in Heber Grove District.
    Changes have come in boundaries and many changes in ownership and residents. Today there are two schools, the Rosedale for the lower four grades and the Griffin Creek for the upper four grades--the latter building having two rooms used formerly for the entire district. Sixty-eight children are enrolled.
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RUCH, DISTRICT 3.
    The district at first known as No. 3 in Jackson County was the Col. Ross School District, adjoining Central Point, District No. 6, and was in 1870 combined with that district. This left a number floating free and unused, so the present District No. 3, known as Logtown District, was formed by petition, by dividing Union District No. 27, "making Spencer Gulch from its head to the waters of Applegate and a line thence to the donation line on the west form the dividing line of this district." This boundary line was recorded in May, 1872, "to the government township line to admit Thos. Dews, who was detached from District No. 21." William M. Turner was then county school superintendent.
    One quarter of school was taught at Logtown in 1872, with 51 pupils and 42 voters reported in the district that year. The entire school fund apportioned to the district was $98.78. William Ray was clerk at this time and served until about 1876 when J. D. Buckley was elected, and continued clerk until about 1882. Logtown School held two quarters of school whenever possible and early paid as high as $33.33 per month to the teacher. The teacher "boarded 'round."
    About 1876 a new schoolhouse was built near the present site. School was discontinued in the Logtown school building and school was held in the new building, called the Drake School, District No. 2.
    About 1893 an addition was built. This building was used until 1913 when a new site was bought from Mrs. Margaret Buckley and a new building of gray concrete blocks was erected and occupied in January, 1914.
    In 1916 a second room was built for the grades, and the large room was used for the high school. The high school was discontinued in 1918.
    District No. 3 has seven pupils attending high school at Applegate High School, and twelve pupils in six grades are attending at Ruch, with Miss Florence Lawson as teacher.
    The present school board consists of J. B. Rice, chairman, who has served about six years; Charley Hamilton, who has been a member of the school board since 1889, with the exception of three years; Ed Smith, who has served about twelve or fifteen years; Miles Cantrall, clerk, who is called the "Father of the School Board" by those who know him best, because of his diplomatic ways.
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PHOENIX, DISTRICT 4.
    "School District No. 4 shall embrace all the territory on Stuart's Creek and its tributaries between the following lines: viz., lower line commencing at the N.E. corner of Randall's claim, thence to the S.E. corner of H. Colver's claim, then to the S.W. corner of said claim, thence S.W. to the mountains. Upper line, first sec. lien west of Ashland.
    "Given under my hand this 3rd day of October, 1854.
    "T. F. Royal, Supt., Com. School, Jackson Co., O.T."
    District 12, Antelope, cut off in April, 1855.
    District 22, Wagner Creek, 1862.
    District 24, North Phoenix, April 1, 1867.
    Details of early schoolhouses on Coleman Creek and elsewhere and who the early teachers were would make interesting reading. An excerpt from the Portland Journal printed elsewhere in this issue gives [an] interesting account of the old days in Phoenix District.
    It is said that Orange Jacobs taught some of the first terms. The old county superintendent's record book shows that he was granted a certificate to teach in Jackson County, February 22, 1859.
    Only glimpses of later days are available, though a real historian could glean from clerks' record books much of interest. A two-room building was used in Phoenix, before the brick building was constructed, and Mrs. Rose Dodge Galey and Mrs. Louise Ganiere Perozzi had sway there at various times. Mr. G. A. Stannard and Mrs. Ada Stannard were favorite teachers later.
    The Phoenix High School was opened September, 1909, with nine pupils enrolled in the freshman class and G. A. Stannard as principal. The classes met in the eighth grade room of the brick schoolhouse. The course offered this year was algebra, general history, English composition and bookkeeping. Those taking the course were Eliza Ferns, Blanche Ager, Cleone Key, Lena Johnson, Robert Furry, Harry Houston, Theodore Fish, Ricardo Rollins [and] Andrew Johnson.
    In the years immediately following the school was moved to [the] auditorium and then to [the] basement by the principals, F. W. Roberts and H. W. Ager, and in 1915 into the attractive bungalow building now used by the high school. For several years overflow classes have been placed in the basement of the brick building. H. H. Mathews, G. W. Milam and John W. Kerns have each served as principals.
    Domestic science under Miss Delano, orchestra and commercial work under Mr. Dolde [and] manual training under Mr. Tyrrell have each been established, but only the commercial work is carried on now.
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ASHLAND, DISTRICT 5.
    The first description of District No. 5 follows: "School District No. 5 shall embrace all the territory on Stuart's Creek and its tributaries above the first section line west of Ashland." Stuart's Creek is named for the captain slain on the stream by Indians; is now called Bear Creek.
    At the time Supt. T. F. Royal entered the above in 1854 there were but eight school districts; only 281 children were reported in the county, and 86 were in attendance that year. There were no school funds in the treasury, and there was no apportionment.
    In 1855 District No. 5 was credited with one schoolhouse and 19 children in attendance for a three-month term, or a quarter, as it was called.
    Changes of clerks through the years following are noted:
    1857, W. Kilgore; 1858, B. B. Hargadine; 1861, J. M. McCall; 1863, G. W. Fordyce; 1865, O. C. Applegate; 1867, A. G. Rockfellow; 1870, R. H. Dunlap; 1874, T. E. Emery; 1877, W. W. Kentner; 1879, J. D. Fountain; 1880, Geo. Hill.
    The year 1863 marks the first mention of District 5 as Ashland District.
    In 1864 Ashland held 1⅔ quarters of school and in 1867 increased to 2 quarters, with "one male teacher and one female teacher." There were 2⅓ quarters in 1869 and three teachers were employed. Legal voters numbered over 70.
    By the year 1871, when 30 school districts were recorded in the county, Ashland first among them, rose to a 9 months' term (or three quarters).
    The first director mentioned in the old record book was under date of 1881, when J. R. Neil is named. There were 400 children of school age that year, and 200 legal voters.
    In 1887 J. S. Sweet was principal of schools. P. A. Getz was elected superintendent of schools in 1889, and under him was organized a three-year high school. It is now a question whether Astoria, Baker or Ashland first opened doors to high school students. The high school occupied first the North School, then the old Academy building--a structure where academic work had been given from early days to young men and women from Northern California and as far north as Roseburg. The junior high now occupies the site, and children today play on the same school ground where C. B. Watson strolled and studied in 1874.
    The first graduating class from Ashland had three members--O. A. Thornton, Moody Scott and Lora Colton. Since that day Ashland High has sent out larger and larger classes. Where in 1889 P. A. Getz handled all classes for the group of students, today 15 teachers instruct a student body of considerably over 300.
    The Hawthorne was erected in 1900, a few years later the junior high, and in 1911 the senior high. An annex is required now for east side grades, and a building program must soon be planned.
    The district enrolls 1600 children of school age, and 41 teachers are employed under Superintendent G. A. Briscoe. Ashland's superintendents since 1889 have been P. A. Getz, T. A. Hayes, C. A. Hitchcock, W. L. Cameron and Geo. A. Briscoe (now serving his 14th year).
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CENTRAL POINT, DISTRICT 6.
    The date on which this district, known as Manzanita District, was organized was October 3, 1854, and it has remained true to number all through the years since. In that first year 1 quarter of school was taught in its first schoolhouse, with 12 pupils in attendance, though there were 33 reported as of school age. Martin Angel was clerk; two quarters were held for 38 scholars. W. H. Merriman was the next clerk, serving until 1871, when W. I. Stanley succeeded him, to be followed in turn by J. B. Wrisley, who again turned matters over to W. T. Leever. Next R. F. Maury served until 1882.
    Just where the schoolhouse stood and who held sway in those first years we cannot report, nor when the district's name was changed. Central Point needs a historian to glean such facts before it is too late.
    At the present time the Central Point School is the third largest school in the county. The system consists of a grade school employing six teachers and a high school of five teachers. The enrollment is approximately 300 pupils.
    A new gymnasium with a standard size basketball floor has been completed and will be equipped and ready for use soon.
    The high school is standard in every respect.
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NEIL CREEK, DISTRICT 7.
     March 11, 1857, the legal voters of the district met at the home of Giles Wells for the purpose of organizing a school and electing a board of directors. At this election James C. Tolman, Enoch Walker and Isaac Hill were elected directors and P. Dunn clerk.
    On April 3, 1857 another meeting was held at Giles Wells' for the purpose of determining a location for the schoolhouse and the kind of building to be constructed. It was decided by vote to locate the schoolhouse somewhere between the Songer lane and the William Taylor house. It was built on the Taylor place, not far from the farm of G. W. Dunn.
    The following families were represented in the first school: Slack, Anderson, White, Broughton, Neil, Hiatt, Dickinson, Clayton, Rogers, Wells, Condrey, Walker, Jaquett and Dunn.
    In 1866, on account of the district being so large, and more families moving into it, it was decided to divide the district. The lower part was known as District No. 10 and the upper part as No. 7.
    On June 21, 1866, after the district had been reorganized, the legal voters met at the home of J. P.  Roberts for the purpose of electing a school board for District No. 7. W. J. Shepherd, H. F. Barron and Z. Howard were elected directors and O. P. Evans clerk. At this meeting it was decided by unanimous vote to levy a tax of $600 for the purpose of building a new schoolhouse. The 15th day of September, 1866, was the day appointed by the board for all who had performed labor or furnished material for building purposes to meet at the schoolhouse and present their bills to the board of directors. This schoolhouse, built in 1866 by Caleb Davis, was located on the Songer place near the Kingsbury Springs.
    The first school in the district was taught by Henry D. Boon, for a period of one month. The second teacher was W. E. Curtis, whose term of school began April 15 and ended the 12th day of July, 1867. Among the several families whose children attended this school were the Shepherds, Barrons, Howards, Neils and Evans.
    This district, according to the records, has the distinction of having had longer terms of school and paid its teachers higher salaries than other districts. As early as 1868 they paid sixty dollars per month. This was paid to J. T. Gregg, who taught two months.
    As the school funds were not sufficient to carry on a school for any length of time, it was decided to raise money by subscription in order to have a school for a period of six months.
    April 5, 1869, a meeting was held at the schoolhouse to vote a tax to carry on the school, instead of by subscriptions. For this purpose a tax of seven mills was voted.
    April 6, 1875, a meeting was held to decide upon a new location for the schoolhouse nearer the center of the district. It was voted to move the building to the Walker property on Neil Creek, where it now stands. Messrs. Songer, Taylor and Dunn were appointed as a committee to let the contract for moving the schoolhouse.
    The desks and other furniture used for many years were made by Wilfred Dyer.
    The building which is in use today is the same building which was constructed in 1866. The only change in the building is the addition of cloak rooms, which have been built in recent years.
    Several of the pupils who attended school here in early days are still residents of the community.
    At the present time there are nineteen pupils enrolled in the school, some being grandchildren of those who attended the school in years past.
    The district now has nine months school each year.
    Nearly all the pupils who have completed the eighth grade in this district have attended high school, and many are now holding responsible positions in various places.
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VALLEY VIEW, DISTRICT 8.
    The first special meeting of District No. 8 was held February 20, 1912, for the purpose of organizing a new school government. Grant Davis, James Lennox and W. A. Stratton were elected directors. H. R. Reachert was elected clerk.
    The first term of school of three months was held in a tent with seven pupils and Mrs. H. R. Reachert as teacher.
    On October 21, 1912, bonds were sold for the new schoolhouse. During the next few years the school was standardized and the bonds paid.
    For the past five years the pupils have been transferred to the Ashland schools. This year there are about thirty pupils.
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EAGLE POINT, DISTRICT 9.
    School District No. 9 was organized in 1865 and at that time embraced districts Nos. 37, 47 and 89 also. The present boundaries have been changed but very little since 1882, when District No. 47 was created. District No. 37 had been organized several years earlier.
    An attempt was made to hold school in 1857, when three days of school were taught.
    Since 1863 school has been held every year. At that time the teacher received $106.00 for a six months' term.
    Early settlers claim school to have been held first two or three miles east of the present District No. 9. The original building built within the present boundaries was located on the west side of Little Butte within present city limits of Eagle Point. It still stands near where built and serves as a barn.
    In 1906 and 1907 a modern four-room school was built a little above and on the opposite side of Little Butte. This building is still in use and is occupied by the grades and a four-year standard high school, which was organized in 1923 with one teacher and 13 students. The district now employs two teachers in the grades and two in the high school. The grades have an enrollment of sixty scholars and the high school twenty.
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LONE PINE, DISTRICT 10.
    The Lone Pine District was established in 1874 and was called South Prairie District. This district is about three miles from Medford, with the schoolhouse located on a hill near a tall pine tree, which now gives its name to the school.
    The children for many years have learned patience and strength from the pine tree.
    The enrollment for the present term is twenty-five, with all grades except the fifth.
    There are new maps, new desk copies of texts, a new victrola and good records, including all the music contest records of last year.
    The pipe line from Fish Lake runs through the school yard so there is good drinking water from a fountain.
    The school is equipped with oil stove and dishes to serve hot lunches, and has for several years been a standard school.
    There is an active Grange organization in the Lone Pine District.
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ANTELOPE, DISTRICT 12.
    The Antelope School District was formed about the year 1869. The first building was located on what is now the von der Hellen place on Antelope Creek.
    The size of the building was about 30 feet by 20 feet, and three rows of double desks accommodated the 55 or 60 pupils in attendance.
    J. B. Farley was the first teacher in this school at a salary of $50 per month, at that time a very high salary. He taught this school for a number of years.
    One of the members of the school board was James Simpson.
    In 1886 the Liberty School District was formed from the Antelope District, the larger portion of territory given to the Liberty District and also the old school buildings.
    The second school building in the Antelope District was located on the Rader ranch, and later was moved to the present site. Then in 1909 the building now in use was erected.
    The present teacher is Agnes E. Johnson, who is teaching at a salary of $115 per month.
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CLIMAX, DISTRICT 13.
    High above the mountains, guarded by Old Grizzly, nestles the little community of Climax. Just when and by whom the first schoolhouse was built no one seems to know. But the ruins of a little log building can still be seen near the Thompson place, while the wreck of another, built over 40 years ago, by Alfred Rummel, lies just below the present road.
    Those who have been a long time in the district mention Mr. Gervais, Miss Anna Grissom, Ida Turpin [and] Julia Roscoe as some of the former teachers, as well as Mrs. Bertha Charley, our clerk, who is making Climax her home and is now sending children of her own.
    Among the teachers of more recent years are the names of Mrs. Norma Reeder, Miss Hendrick and Miss Freida Hanson.
    During the past two years, a new picture, modern seats and desks, a jacket for the stove, and several feet of blackboard have been added. Instead of glaring cross lights, the windows have all been placed at the left or rear. New maps, a bell and a new picture have been ordered, and we hope before many months to have this little school among the mountains adequately equipped.
    Club work was taken up for the first time this year, and the pupils won several prizes at the county fair.
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WILLOW SPRINGS, DISTRICT 14.
    The Willow Springs District was formed in 1859. It claimed 27 boys and girls of school age, and 18 of them attended in that first schoolhouse where two quarters were taught that first year. Wm. Kahler was the first clerk and served for 8 years. The school was called Harmony Point in 1865, and for the next three years. But the record gives it as Willow Springs from 1868 on.
    No doubt there have been several buildings since the first school in old mining days. And the children in '59 could little have pictured the modern two-room building with telephone, electric lights and piano, which the Willow Springs children now enjoy with their two teachers. And as for high school, at Central Point where several go daily--neither high schools nor Central Point existed in those first days.
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INDEPENDENCE, DISTRICT 15.
    District number fifteen was made into a school district May 3, 1872 by William Turner, county school superintendent. The district at that time was very much larger than at present. The first school board consisted of Mr. Q. N. Anderson, chairman; J. A. Grieves, secretary; R. Stevens, clerk; J. Coleman, director, and J. Ritter, director. This board elected Maggie Sargent as the first teacher. Her salary was to be $75.00 per quarter.
    There have been two school buildings since the district was made. The first one was about a mile east of the present building. The present schoolhouse is about 30 or 35 years old, and, except for some improvements on the interior, remains the same.
    Last year the school was composed of the first six grades and was taught by Miss Erma Hamilton. This year there are seven grades, and an enrollment of 25 pupils.
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AGATE, DISTRICT 16.
    District No. 16, which is now known as Agate School District, has a history which dates back beyond the memory of any of the citizens, for it was established in 1869 and was called the Mound District. The first schoolhouse remembered is said to have stood near the property now owned by D. W. Beebe. This was a rather crude construction and as early as 1872 was the scene of many old-fashioned floggings. The first schoolmaster known to have taught in this building was Mr. McFadden, a man of Irish descent, who is still remembered for his wit as well as for his pedagogic ability. He boarded around the neighborhood and was paid about fifty dollars a term for his teaching.
    Mr. H. C. Fleming, who is now a resident of Eastern Oregon, also taught in this first building. Stories differ concerning the whereabouts of this structure. Some claim it was destroyed by fire and others that it was remodeled to fit the needs of a modern chicken house. Regardless of what became of the first building it is known that the need for a second was realized in 1883. Reverend Martin Peterson then owned the property now belonging to the Rogue River Canal Company. He donated two acres of this land to be used for a building site. An eight-hundred-dollar building was constructed in what was then called the "Mound School District," and "Father Peterson," as his neighbors knew him, taught the first term of school. He later served as clerk of the school district for several years while William M. Colvig was county school superintendent. Reverend Peterson was a Christian minister and preached in the California mines in 1850.
    This second school building was later moved to where the present school building now stands. It was sold in 1909,and the new two-room building was erected. For several years the district supported three teachers and a standard high school. Mr. A. J. Hanby, principal of the Washington School in Medford, was [at] one time principal of the Agate school.
    Although there are now only twenty pupils attending the school, all eight elementary grades are represented. The school building and playgrounds are sufficiently equipped to qualify the Agate school as [a] standard school for the 1923 and 1924 terms.
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ANTIOCH, DISTRICT 18.
    Antioch School District, No. 18, was organized 64 years ago. It was given the "technical name" of Risley [Wrisley?] District, with Wm. Armpriest as clerk, when entered in the county records of 1863. However, "a certificate of organization" had been granted in 1860. The district was in 1864 listed as Table Rock, due no doubt to the following bounds: "Commencing on the north side of Rogue River at the center of Lower Table Rock, thence due north to Evans Creek, thence due east to Rogue River, thence down said river to place of beginning."
    Chauncey Nye was clerk of this district for several years. In 1863, one quarter of a school was held with 10 children attending, and the teacher was paid $40.00. In records of 1870 the present name, Antioch District, first appears, with M. A. Houston as clerk. In 1884 District No. 11 was formed out of the territory and existed until 1919, when the first consolidation in the county occurred and No. 19 and No. 11 again became one. The oldest records now among the district clerk's books are of a meeting in April, 1873. At this time there was only a log schoolhouse, which was in use until several years later.
    It seems that in 1878 and for some years there were two schools in the district, one a log house and one a box house, the value of both these buildings being estimated $100, according to the records.
    In 1883 a 15-mill tax was levied to build a new schoolhouse. There were 31 legal voters in the district at this time, but only nine voted on the tax, eight for the tax and one against. The house built then was several times repaired and continued in use until November, 1922, when a modern new building was completed and furnished.
    Among the teachers who have taught in this district are Jasper N. Miller, N. L. Narregan, Alberta Stacy, Miss Swanson, Audrey Holmes, Miss Louella Wooten, Arline Farleigh and Bertha L. McKinney. Many more might be named, but are omitted because of space.
    The present enrollment is 27.
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LAKE CREEK, DISTRICT 19.
    About fifty years ago the Lake Creek School District No. 19 was organized with an attendance of about 16 pupils. The first teacher was Mr. Grigsby, the second Miss Sarah Swingle, and the third Miss Polly Bybee. From that time the school steadily grew until 1916; about 40 were enrolled when it became necessary to hire two teachers, both teaching in the same room. At the present time, however, only ten pupils are in attendance. About five buildings have been used, each located in a different part of the district.
    Through the untiring efforts of school board and public-spirited patrons, the school has for the past several years been standard. Equipments deserving mention are a Waterbury heating and ventilating system, a splendid collection of library books, and [a] good display of standard pictures.
    The members of the present school board are J. G. McCallister, chairman; Mrs. E. E. Meyer, director; Mrs. Wm. Nickell, director, and H. G. Meyer, clerk.
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SAMS VALLEY, DISTRICT 20.
    Sams Creek School District it was called in February, 1861. Its bounds were briefly thus: "Commencing at the upper edge of Lower Table Rock on the right bank of Rogue River, running north until it intersects Evans Creek, thence [in a] southwesterly direction down said creek to its mouth, then easterly up Rogue River to the place of beginning." James Sutton was clerk in 1861 and reported one schoolhouse, 60 days of school and 15 scholars in attendance out of 60. "No books reported," the old record says. Doubtless each family used whatever reader, spelling book and arithmetic it possessed. E. C. Pelton and A. S. Moon alternated as clerks for several years, to be followed by W. A. Childers, S. M. Morgan and A. S. Moon again, and then W. J. Stanley in 1877. John Cardwell and Phineas Ames and O. Ganiard carried clerkship up to 1880.
    As early as 1917 several Sams Valley people liked the idea of consolidation, and though several attempts failed, they carried the vote in 1920 and Chaparral District united with it under the name of Sams Valley School. The first ample consolidation building in the county resulted, and pupils and parents have since made excellent use of the plant. The high school is now four years old and is a standard one under two teachers, as are also the grades.
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MISSOURI FLAT, DISTRICT 21.
    This district is now a joint district with Josephine County, about 19 pupils going to school from Jackson County in the building situated in Josephine County.
    A new building erected this past summer is cause for rejoicing among the children and with the patrons. We regret that we have no cut of the new schoolhouse.
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TALENT, DISTRICT 22.
    District No. 22 was organized in 1863 as Wagner Creek District, being set off from Phoenix District No. 4, and not till 1888 was S. Wagner Creek divided from it, leaving the territory now called Talent School District to be known as District No. 22.
    The first schoolhouse of the Talent District stood near the present site of Mr. Glenn's residence and was erected when E. K. Anderson, Mr. Helms and John Abbott were directors. A second building stood on the corner where Charles Holdridge lives.
    Pupils advanced by the reader used in those days. Some who learned the 3 R's of school were: Mr. and Mrs. Brophy; John, George and Charlie Wolgamott; Ida Riton, John Robinson, Charlie Purvis and Charlie, Etta and Josie Talent.
    Some of the earliest teachers were Mr. Hubbell, Mr. Wellet, Arthur Soules, Mr. Yoader, Dellet Pennymaker and Mr. Dean, who now resides on Wagner Creek.
    In 1899 a third building was erected, and Miss Beeson and Mr. Carlock were the two to first teach in it. This building is now owned by Talent, and used as a council chamber, lodge hall, club room and public library, for in 1911 the present building become a necessity.
    This building, erected by Frank Snook, cost in total when completed some $38,000. It has steam heat, electricity, manual training and domestic art equipment, a lunch room, a gymnasium, laboratory and auditoriums. The grounds comprise five acres, and as improved and beautified by the Parent-Teachers Association, with shrubs, flowers and vines, have become a source of pride to every Talentite.
    The high school under three teachers enrolls 43, while the grades have 101 pupils.
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MT. PITT, DISTRICT 23.
    This number was given to a school district in 1863 and up to 1880 belonged to "Grants Pass District," so called.
    However, in 1885 the present Mt. Pitt territory was cut off from District No. 31, known as Green Mountain School District, the latter breezily bounded "commencing at Mt. McLoughlin, running west along [the] ridge to the Bald Mountain, west to the meridian line, north to Rogue River, up Rogue River to the Cascade Mountains, and south to the place of beginning," and the number ever since has belonged to Mt. Pitt school. Now this Mt. Pitt District since 1885 has possessed two or three schoolhouses. The last one, shown in [the] cut above, is the pride of the community and a joy to the visitor. Eighteen pupils attend there this year.
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NORTH PHOENIX, DISTRICT 24.
    S. N. Woody, clerk of North Phoenix in 1868, listed 57 children in the district, with 16 in attendance at their schoolhouse during the one quarter taught. Wm. M. Mather served next until 1878, when S. C. Taylor and J. N. Woody took their turn in serving.
    Although the school has been closed during its history--the last time to transport to Phoenix schools, a distance of two miles--it is now maintaining its own school with 8 in attendance.
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UNIONTOWN, DISTRICT 27.
    The records of 1874 first show the Logtown District No. 27 as in existence, with Wm. A. Jones serving as clerk. He reported 40 legal voters and 37 scholars.
    The records of that same year report Union District as No. 24, with Theodoric Cameron as clerk, and 10 children attending during two quarters of school.
    But in the year 1866 by petition Logtown and Union districts were permanently united as No. 27, and W. A. Jones reported as clerk. The name Uniontown developed later.
    Space would prevent giving the changes of the 55 years elapsed since then, but we wish for a history of the homes and people and schools of that space of years, marking the development of that Applegate region.
    A school of pupils is this year again taught in the building, some 40 or more years old. But improvement is in the air, and good roads make either transportation or consolidation possible. Or a new building may replace the old.
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FLOUNCE ROCK, DISTRICT 28.
    This district on upper Rogue River gained its name from the peculiar rock formation on two rugged hills within its bounds. It then included parts of Elk Creek and Hatchery school districts.
    Crater Lake Highway now passes by its attractive little schoolhouse, where four or five children attend.
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DEWEY, DISTRICT 29.
    In the year 1864, on the fourth day of September, the Reverend M. A. Williams organized District No. 29 of the county of Jackson. Being known at that time as the "Prairie District," it included a territory of an extent to justify the name, namely, the south half of township 36 and the north half of township 37, range 1, west. Later guardians of its destinies, apparently dissatisfied with a lack of territory, so expanded the district as to reach to the North Phoenix District on the south, while the line was moved two and a half miles northwest at the same time. Within two weeks and four days they had repented and on April 23, 1869 this district was divided. Numerous and various have been the changes that have reduced District No. 29 to its present size, it being now among the small rural districts of the county.
    The school was called for some time the "Lone Oak School," but upon the occasion of the building of a new schoolhouse on a new site in the year 1898, it was rechristened "Dewey," in honor of the naval hero of that year. At this time the school rose, topographically at least, for it stands on a hill near the valley where it was first built.
    Mr. T. B. Ellison, now a resident of Medford, was chairman of the school board when the new schoolhouse was built. The other members were Mr. Frank Kefuer and Mr. Henry Hansen, the latter of whom is still a resident of the district.
    Among the first teachers to use the new building were: Alpha McDowell, Zuda Owens and Julia Roscoe. Many teachers and pupils have taught and learned in District No. 29, yet we feel all honor is due to the doughty ecclesiastic who first founded the Prairie District.
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UNITY, DISTRICT 30.
    The district recorded in 1867 as Unity District No. 30 has had an uneventful career so far as number is concerned, and the name Unity continued until 1880 at least. Who changed it to Provolt, and why, is not recorded, though the establishment of the post office may have brought it about.
    The district is a joint district with Josephine, though only [a] small portion of Jackson County is included. The school enrolls 24 pupils this year, and only nine are Jackson County boys and girls, who go daily into Josephine territory for their school work.
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DERBY, DISTRICT 31.
    The Derby School was founded in 1891 with eight pupils and Mr. Johnes as teacher. The members of the school board were: Clerk, Mr. Derby; directors, Mr. J. Allen, Mr. Wm. Wilkinson and Mr. Chartraw. This school has had two buildings. The present one is a modern two-roomed building with one room for school purposes and the other for community gatherings.
    There have been many changes in the district this fall. Changes are: Mrs. Baker is moving away; Mr. Ellis is moving to Baker's place and Mr. Deen is moving to Ellis' place with his children. The school is pleased with Mr. Deen's coming, as it will add five to the school which now numbers thirteen.
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FOOTS CREEK, DISTRICT 32.
    All the boys and girls were playing outside when my friend and I drove up. But how could it be otherwise? Wasn't there a basketball, a good swing, a teeter, a turning bar, and ever so many big fine trees to hide behind when playing hiding games?
    Going inside we found there were two good-sized nicely furnished rooms, not counting in the library room, nor the cloak rooms. But the best part of it was that one of the large rooms could be used for a play room in stormy weather.
    By inquiry we found the present schoolhouse to have been built in 1913. Time was when the boys and girls went to school in a frame house up above Mr. Stumbo's. And some say that the first schoolhouse was built of logs at the crossroads, for this district was organized in 1868. Then the waters of the Applegate formed its south boundary, and who knows how many times families of this territory used to "fort up" in the fort on the Birdseye lands, when Indians were on the war path?
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STERLING, DISTRICT 33.
    Sterling District first reported in 1870, when R. S. Armstrong, as clerk, listed 36 scholars as of school age. Sterlingville it was called in 1873 and on for several years. Geo. Yaudes was clerk for 10 years.
    The varying school populations during old mining days in Sterling would doubtless make an interesting study.
    Sterling District lapsed in 1919 but was reestablished as a district in 1923 and this year enrolls 12 pupils.
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THOMPSON CREEK, DISTRICT 34.
    This district reported first in 1871, clerk Thomas H. Louden declaring that they had 24 children of school years, and that they had held one quarter of school that year, for which they paid the teacher $85. Thomas Moe, A. Darnielle, James W. Mee and Jasper Danielle next served as clerks. The territory was taken from Missouri Flat District and included "all the settlers on Thompson Creek and its tributaries."
    The district has just completed a standard modern school building at cost of about $1200. The old schoolhouse had served for many years. Pupils, teacher and community are justly proud and happy over the good work accomplished by the present school board. J. R. Hoffman, S. L. Johnston and A. Learned, with Mrs. Cora Hoffman as clerk.
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ROGUE RIVER, DISTRICT 35.
    The first schoolhouse for the Rogue River District was a log house built in the late '60s. It was located about three miles north of the present schoolhouse, according to James Whipple, Rogue River resident. The district was organized in February, 1871, with D. N. Birdseye as clerk and was called the Schieffelin District. Savage Creek and Birdseye Creek territory was cut off from it.
    The next schoolhouse, built about one-half mile north of the present school in the '70s, served until 1892, when crowded conditions necessitated the building of a two-room school, erected on the site of the present building.
    In 1909 crowded conditions again made a new building necessary, and a modern six-room brick school building was erected. This building is now too small; consequently two modern classrooms, an assembly room and a basement are being added to the main building. A one-story brick gymnasium 62x85 feet is also being built, at an expense of $16,000 in all.
    The Rogue River High School started in 1906, employed but one teacher. At the present time three teachers and a manual training instructor are employed in the high school, and there are five teachers in the grades.
    The high school is steadily increasing its usefulness to the community. A domestic art department, started in 1922 under the able supervision of Miss Irene Anderson, is turning out excellent work. The commercial department gives one of the best courses offered by the school. Manual training, the latest department added, has Mr. E. W. Jacobson in charge.
    Several well-known citizens of Southern Oregon have taught in the Rogue River schools. Among them are Lincoln Savage, former county school superintendent of Josephine County; W. J. Freeman, of Freeman-Wiley Hardware Co., Central Point; [and] James Martin of Grants Pass. B. R. Stevens and Henry Reachert, both deceased, were two of the earlier teachers.
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MEADOWS, DISTRICT 36.
    The first school in Meadows District No. 36 was held in the year of 1873, with John Potters as teacher. The following were members of the first school board: Daniel Reynolds, Elijah Morrison, William Mitchell.
    The schoolhouse was located on Evans Creek Flat just below where Mrs. Alice Ray's house now stands. It was finished with rude benches running around the side of the room. The present schoolhouse is a modern one with plastered walls, good blackboards, library, etc. A well was drilled last year, and we are looking forward to still more improvements this year to bring the school up to the standard.
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LONG MOUNTAIN, DISTRICT 37.
    This district number originally belonged to Linkville (Klamath Falls) in the days when Klamath, Lake and Josephine counties were all named Jackson County.
    In December, 1875, the number was given to the district now having it, but with the name "Rogue River District" applied. The district was "created from the territory of Little Butte School, District No. 9" when James Hamilton was the first clerk; Theo Bressler and G. W. Heckathorne succeeded him. H. C. Fleming was county superintendent.
    For the last few years the number of pupils has been small; the building was old and for the last two years the pupils have been sent to other schools. But the district has awakened to larger populations, and the strong school spirit always present has brought about the new building pictured above. So much labor has been donated that the cost has been only about $1200, and the modern, well-lighted building is a pleasure to all concerned.
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SISKIYOU, DISTRICT 38.
    District No. 38 [was] first recorded in the annals of Jackson County as the number given to the Goose Lake District in 1873. S. A. Hammersley, as clerk, reported 50 pupils of school age and one quarter of school taught. In the year 1876 it was recorded as Josephine District. D. H. Sexton, Joseph Pollock and Alonzo Bryant served as the first three clerks, and until 1886 the number belonged to Josephine. But in that year it was bestowed on the territory now called Siskiyou District, a portion of Neil District No. 7.
    The district has for some years past had two schools, the Pilot Rock and the Siskiyou, lying about four miles apart with a high mountain between them. The schools are small, but well equipped.
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BROWNSBORO, DISTRICT 39.
    The Bethlehem District was organized in 1873, and Joseph Clift seems to have been the first clerk. He reported that year one quarter of school and an average attendance of 14 pupils out of 46 in the district. In 1876 the name Brownsboro was recorded, with James Clift still serving until at least 1880.
    Of the 45 years since then there seems to be little history, although the older residents might supply much of it. The school now enrolls 15.
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APPLEGATE, DISTRICT 40.
    The Bridge Point School District, as it was then named, was created on February 17, 1876, when H. C. Fleming was county superintendent.
    It was formed of territory from Provolt, Missouri Flat and Steamboat districts. John Bolt was the first clerk and served for six or seven years.
    History is not reported until the event of 1911, the erection of a two-room brick school building about one mile east of Applegate post office on an elevation overlooking the county road and country to the south.
    The next year a two-year high school was established, and its growing needs led to addition of two high school rooms.
    The high school has been standardized, being equipped with library and with science equipment. College and commercial courses are given at present, and 36 students are enrolled under two teachers. There are two grade teachers with enrollment of 32 pupils.
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PANKEY, DISTRICT 41.
    April of 1877 saw this district formed under name of North Sams Valley, and its western boundary was Sardine Creek. H. Mitchell was the first clerk, and he reported 47 pupils of school age, with 20 as average attendance for the three-month terms.
    Pankey School is beautifully situated amid a grove of large oak trees. There are few children in the district now, and only 8 are enrolled this year.
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LOST CREEK, DISTRICT 42.
    School District No. 42 was established in 1880, and a log schoolhouse was built the same year. The boards for the building were packed on a burro for several miles.
    The material for the schoolhouse as well as the labor was donated. W. T. Leek was the clerk and also the first teacher; Perry Farlow, Geo. Ratrie and Gideon Hutchins were directors.
    The school was organized with 16 pupils and the teacher boarded around with the patrons. School was held three months in a year, but later the term was lengthened to four months, then six and at present we have an eight-month school.
    A lumber schoolhouse was built in 1893, and in 1900 G. S. Hosmer deeded to the district one acre of land, on which the schoolhouse stands. The present schoolhouse was built in 1911. Miss Mildred Jarl is the present teacher with a school of seven pupils.
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FOREST CREEK, DISTRICT 43.
    The first settlers of Forest Creek were miners, but the first people to settle with families and for agricultural reasons were [the] Isaac Coffmans, and a family by the name of Pence. Mrs. Armpriest was also an early settler on the creek.
    The school district was founded in the year of 1878.
    The first schoolhouse on Forest Creek was a little cabin with a fireplace in one end and a few homemade desks. The first teacher's name was Mae Crane. This cabin was used for a schoolhouse for five years, then there was a new schoolhouse built, which was used until the present building was erected.
    At present there are 14 pupils attending the school. The directors are Mrs. Lee Black, Mrs. James Davis, Mr. Lew Stone and Mr. James Davis, clerk.
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TABLE ROCK, DISTRICT 44.
    Table Rock School District No. 44 was organized in 1871 or 1872 and was formed from a part of Antioch District. It has been told us that at one time Fred Hansen kept a private school which was taught by Mary Peters. But the first schoolhouse was built on land now belonging to the Nealon estate, by a school board composed of J. W. Collins, Tom Curry and O. S. Gregory.
    The first teacher was Annie Anderson and following her in later years were Liza Gore, Milton Gregory, Maude Tuff, Mary McCabe and Mr. McFadden. The teachers received $50 a term, which was three months long, and they boarded around at different places. The old schoolhouse is standing and is used as a shop. The second school was built in 1892, about one quarter of a mile west of the first, on land belonging to Fred Hansen. That building has been torn down, rebuilt and is being used as a store house. The third building, comprising two rooms, was built in 1910. The first teacher was Professor V. A. Davis. The same building is being used now and is taught by Miss Franks.
    There have been several improvements in the last few years, such as a heating system, a well and forty new library books. Last June five of the Sewing Club girls went to O.A.C. summer school. The last two years we took prizes in club work at the county fair. We also received second prize on our school exhibit. A community club meets each month of the school year.
ELORA COLLINS, 8th grade.
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TRAIL, DISTRICT 45.
    The Trail School District was established in 1879 with John Pitman as clerk, and the first schoolhouse was built of logs on land given to the district by a settler. This land is to be the property of the district as long as a school is maintained there. The territory then included large parts of Hatchery, Elk Creek, Persist and N. Trail districts.
    In 1894 a frame building was erected near the log school. The new school was used for only a short time, as both buildings were destroyed by fire.
    During the next two years school was held in dwelling houses. The present schoolhouse was erected in 1896 by donation labor.
    There has always been a large attendance in the small schoolhouse, and at present the enrollment is 20.
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REESE CREEK, DISTRICT 47.
    The first school built in the Reese Creek District was in 1891, to which the children walked for miles.
    The district from year to year increased and today has a two-roomed school with an attendance of 31 pupils.
    The two-roomed school just remodeled is due to taking in part of another district, and the farsightedness of the people in both districts.
    Who knows but that the attendance will increase from year to year and that in a few years Reese Creek School will be the central school for the neighboring districts.
    The district voted for transportation this year so the pupils from the annexed district are transported.
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SAVAGE CREEK, DISTRICT 48.
    In August, 1882, the Schieffelin School District was established, taking the original name of District No. 35, and leaving the parent territory to be called Woodville (now Rogue River) "commencing at the line between the farms of Wm. L. Colvig and G. W. Lance on the south bank of Rogue River, and extending down said stream to the mouth of Savage Creek, including the farms of G. W. Lance, D. N. Birdseye, S. Mathis, White Bros., Milo Matthews and Jas. Savage and all of that territory south of Rogue River watered by Miller's Creek, Birdseye Creek and Savage Creek," the description reads.
    The school in the district has been larger in previous years. This year the enrollment is 11.
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MEDFORD, DISTRICT 49.
    Medford District, created from Griffin Creek territory in 1884, has so far outstripped the parent school district in population and fame that we scarcely need give space to the famous child.
    Forty years has seen it all change from one school building to four comparatively modern grade buildings and a high school building. N. L. Narregan, one of the early principals, could doubtless write a Medford school history.
    Suffice it to say that instead of the $28.00 a month which Julia Fielder and Maysie Foster received in 1899, salaries of $1200 in twelve payments are now Medford's lowest. Instead of the 10 teachers of 1899, Medford now has 63. Such changes the last 25 years have brought. M. B. Signs, U. G. Smith, U. S. Collins, V. Meldo Hillis, Wm. Davenport and A. G. Smith have been city [school] superintendents.
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DEBENGER GAP, DISTRICT 50.
    "Devinger Gap," as it is written in the old records, was formed in 1885 from territory of District No. 11, the Mountain School District. The building then erected still stands and is used for the little group of children this year, under instruction of Miss Murl Coffeen.
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CRATER LAKE, DISTRICT 53.
    This district, labeled Round Top, was formed in 1886 from parts of Brownsboro, Eagle Point and Derby districts. It is now called Crater Lake School or sometimes the Geppert [Gephart?] School. For three years past the children have been transported to Butte Falls to school, where they have advantage of three or four grade teachers.
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DEAD INDIAN, DISTRICT 54.
    This district was called Cove District in 1887 when cut off from District No. 7, Neil Creek.
    The district has had three or four school sites in different parts of its territory as need developed, for it has an area of three sections. At present it is using no one of its three buildings, but is renting one, and using another supplied by the Hartman Syndicate in Shale Oil City, because the population has drifted from the former centers.
    The Shale Camp School enrolls 18 pupils, the Dead Indian but 6.
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NORTH TRAIL, DISTRICT 55.
    The North Trail School was established in 1887, with only four families in the district, and about ten children to send to school. A schoolhouse was built just north of the place where the schoolhouse is now situated. Ella Griffith was the first teacher.
    The present schoolhouse was built about twelve or fifteen years go.
    School was discontinued in the spring of 1918, as there were only two families in the district who had children to send to school, and no more school was held until 1921. We have five pupils as our present enrollment. The children take a great deal of interest in their work, and we expect to accomplish a lot this year.
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WAGNER CREEK, DISTRICT 56.
    This district was called S. Wagner Creek when separated from what is now Talent School District in 1888, when N. O. Jacobs was county superintendent.
    The two-room school now in use under two teachers has this year been freshly painted inside, and this with other improvements makes daily scenes happy ones.
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GOLD HILL, DISTRICT 57.
    Gold Hill School District No. 57 is now a district of the second class and has the third largest assessed valuation among the districts of the county. It maintains a standard high school which has, in addition to the regular college preparatory course, departments in domestic science and commerce. There is in the school building an auditorium, large enough to meet the needs of the community and equipped with modern stage scenery, moving picture machine, etc. Three buses are operated by the district which carry over fifty pupils to and from school daily. The total enrollment for the year 1923-24 was 168.
    District No. 57 was organized for the children of Gold Hill in 1884 with a very limited territory, including only the townsite and a strip along the north side of the river above town. For the first five years the pupils gathered at a church which was located on the present site of Johnson's Hardware Store, but in 1888 a schoolhouse was built up on the hillside above what is now the city hall. After some years this building became inadequate and it was moved down to the present city hall site and a large addition built. This served until 1910, when the structure now in use was erected. In 1918 a new wing was added which provided for a good auditorium and several other rooms.
    The Gold Hill District now consists of the original district with the Rock Point, Dardanelles and Galls Creek districts consolidated, so being one of the six consolidated districts in the county.
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PROSPECT, DISTRICT 50.
    The first school in the present district of Prospect was a private school held near the present dam at the head of the California Oregon Power Co.'s ditch. The first settlement was at the crossing of the old county road. The school was held at the Jacquette home and was taught by Miss Annie Jacquette. Mr. A. H. Boothby taught a class in arithmetic in the evening. The scholars were Rebecca Boothby, Mary Jacquette, Bert Jacquette, Lydia Jacquette and Ettie Nye. This was in 1880. The district was established in January, 1889, and was called the Deskins School District.
    The first public school building was donated and built by the people. Mr. Boothby donated and sawed the logs for it. Miss Fleming was the first teacher. The school board was Mr. Clements, Mr. Nye and Mr. Aiken with Mr. Boothby as clerk. The pupils were Nelson Nye, Rebecca Boothby, Edwin M. Boothby, Charlie Boothby, Maude Boothby, George Porter, Lulu Porter, Norman Harrington, John Harrington, William Harrington, Anna Clements, Albert Clements, Arthur Clements, Verna Clements, James Dean, Albert Dean, Selma Salstrom and Lester Chiles.
    The record book for the next eight years has been lost.
    The teachers up to 1900 were Chas. Pattee, Cora Fleming, Edna Gibson, Jennie Linville, Ella Benson, Effie Benson, Effie Armitage, Mary Earhart, Jessie Gregory, Roberta Rippey, Estelle Wrisley, Nellie Dickey, Oma Crocker and Rydall Bradbury.
    In 1909 Mr. Boothby granted the land for a new schoolhouse, and $3000 was voted to build this schoolhouse of two rooms.
    On April 1, 1922 the board met to consider a high school. Finally District No. 93 and District No. 59 voted to consolidate and undertake a high school. So Prospect High School came into being and is now happy in its 3rd year of work with an enrollment of 13.
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SODA SPRINGS, DISTRICT 60.
    The first schoolhouse in the Soda Springs District was a little one-room cabin with one door and two small windows and still sits one mile above the present one, serving as a home for sheep herders.
    The present Soda Springs Schoolhouse, woodshed and fence have stood in the same and only location since the summer of 1889, the year the district was organized. There were only two months of school the first year and Miss Henrietta Moore was the first teacher. The first children to attend this school were the Grows, Dosiers and Dyers. Some of them still reside in the district.
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WIMER, DISTRICT 62.
    The Evans Valley Union School is a consolidation of five districts. The Mays Creek, Bybee Springs, Pine Grove and Wimer schools realized that better work could be done by uniting and having one good schoolhouse and a good set of teachers. This is the sixth consolidated district to be formed in Jackson County, and with its assessed valuation of over $900,000 it ranks fifth among all districts of the county in wealth.
    The work of consolidation was finally accomplished in 1922, and work was begun the next year on the new schoolhouse. It was finished this summer, and school opened on September 2, 1924, in one of the best rural school buildings in Oregon.
    The building is well placed on a slight elevation, is of poured concrete, has its own water and electric light plant, is heated by steam, and contains three well-furnished recitation rooms, a large assembly room capable of being used for community gatherings, a well-appointed library, and also a teachers' room. The basement is equipped as a rainy day playground.
    This fine plant has been the work of the present board, composed of E. E. Dimick, chairman; E. D. Thompson, clerk; R. P. Reed, and Charles Williams.
    The pupils of the district are transported by three buses, the grade pupils to the Evans Valley building, while about twenty high school students are carried on to the Rogue River High School, a distance of seven miles.
    The grades enrolled last year over 70 pupils. The primary department is under Miss Martha Wilkinson; intermediate, Miss Ruth York and 7th and 8th grades, John Angell, who is also principal.
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BUTTE CREEK, DISTRICT 65.
    Big Butte School District was organized by H. H. Mitchell, county superintendent, in March, 1890, from District No. 39, being cut off Brownsboro.
    The district has never been heavily populated and has built only one schoolhouse, which is now not entirely satisfactory to the district.
    The little school this year enrolls six boys and girls.
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[LAURELHURST,] DISTRICT 66.
    School District No. 66 was organized in 1890. The first schoolhouse, a small log structure 9x9, was built in one day (Sunday) by the men of the neighborhood. School was held the next day. Miss Myra Bedford, the first teacher, received $18 per month, and the length of term was three months, held during the summer. The pupils in the first school were Frank Ditsworth, Ida Ditsworth, Ada Ditsworth, May Ditsworth, Joseph Phipps, Alice Phipps and Ed Kerby.
    The first school board was: J. F. Ditsworth, clerk; F. M. Manning, John Phipps, Hiram Sullivan, directors.
    Five schoolhouses have been built in the district. The present one, a two-roomed structure, was built in 1913.
    In 1917 a four-year standard high school was organized, but this was discontinued after two years.
    At the present time there are five pupils in the school.
    The following teachers have taught in this school:
    Myra Bedford, 1890; Josey Benson, 1891; Clara Skeel, 1892; Clara Terrill, 1893; Ella Benson, 1894; Hypatia Klum, 1895; Ed Olwell, 1896; Patrick Daily, 1897; Elsie Nye, 1898; Etta Wilson, 1899; Chester Easter, 1900; Robert Jonas, 1901; Anna Beeson, 1902-3; Sarah Law, 1904; Francis Aiken, 1905; Lelia Stinson, 1907; Gladys Miller, 1907-8; Maude Horr, 1908; Ada Ditsworth, 1908-9; Hester Cady, 1909; Edd Kerby, 1909-10; March Kincaid, 1910-11; May Richardson, 1911-12; Alice Willits, 1912; Hattie Rose, 1912-13; Hattie Rose, Ora Ditsworth, 1913-14; Leta Peelor, Clara Skyrman, 1914-15; Ruth Porter, 1915-16; T. A. Broomfield, Alice Willits, Belva Walker, 1917-18; Hazel Ditsworth, 1918-19; Hazel Ditsworth, 1919-20; no school 1920-21; Hazel Ditsworth, 1921-22; May Richardson, 1922-23.
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WATKINS, DISTRICT 68.
    About the year eighteen hundred eighty-four, under the leadership of Sanford Carter the people in the vicinity of Watkins undertook the organization of a school district.
    After all necessary legal proceedings had been completed a small spot of land, now a part of the P. F. Swayne ranch, was cleared and a log schoolhouse built.
    Mr. Watkins, Mr. Collings and Mr. Langley comprised the first board of directors and employed John. A. Jeffries, now a prominent attorney of Portland, Oregon, as the first teacher.
    The old log construction, after about 40 years use, was discarded in October, 1923, when the modern building shown above was completed.
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OAK GROVE, DISTRICT 69.
    "A special meeting of the school district, No. 69, was held at the house of L. M. Lyons on the 11th day of July, 1891. The object of the meeting was to move a schoolhouse in the S.E. corner of the Mingus grove. Carried. It was also voted to build a new schoolhouse, 20x24. A tax of eight mills was levied on property at said district for building material."
    The first teacher was Mary Davison. The term was 3 months at $33.33 per month. The first school directors were I. M. Harvey, chairman; L. M. Lyons, Arthur Wilson, C. N. Tinker, clerk.
    About 16 years ago a new schoolhouse was built of brick. The school board at that time was L. F. Lozier, D. D. Duff, W. H. Gore and W. G. Knips, clerk. D. O. Frederick was the first teacher in the new building, with almost 60 pupils.
    The last few years two teachers have been employed. At the present time there are two teachers and 55 pupils enrolled.
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ANDERSON CREEK, DISTRICT 72.
    In 1893 the Anderson Creek School District was formed.
    Mr. W. H. Hurley donated a small shack, made of rough lumber, in which the first school was held. It was built near the creek, close to an old saw mill.
    This schoolhouse was about one mile up Anderson Creek from where the present schoolhouse stands.
    The second teacher to teach in this rough lumber shack was Miss Angie Hurley. The first school board consisted of Mr. W. H. Hurley, Mr. Luis Snider and Mr. Brophy.
    In the year of 1898 the schoolhouse which we now have school in was built. It is located on the top of a small hill known as Laurel Hill, from which there is a wonderful view.
    The first teacher to teach in this new school was Miss Ethelyn Hurley.
    There are ten pupils enrolled this year, and the freshly painted room makes a cheerful school home.
ETTA THOMPSON, 8th grade.
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BELLEVIEW, DISTRICT 73.
    Organized in 1891 or 1892 from parts of Neil Creek and Ashland territory, this school had as its first teacher Holly Clayton. Susanne Holmes taught her first school here and enrolled 46 pupils that year.
    The building was afterwards remodeled into two rooms, and during the later years of the Southern Oregon State Normal, served as a practice school.
    After three years of transportation into Ashland schools, sending as many as 35 pupils, the district again opened its own school under two teachers in 1921, and so continues. This year the enrollment is over 40.
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ELK CREEK, DISTRICT 74.
    The school district was organized by Tom Whelpley in 1891, and the first schoolhouse was built near the site of the present U.S. fish hatchery, at the mouth of Elk Creek. Four schoolhouses have been built; two are now standing--one is used as a teacherage. The first board of directors were: Tom Whelpley, William Pence, Joe Johnson and Pete Johnson, clerk. The first teacher was Miss Rose Griffith. School was maintained only three months of the year at first, and some children walked four miles to attend. The district was divided in 1904, and a new schoolhouse built in 1912. School is now maintained nine months of the year and has an enrollment of 18. The present board of directors, Geo. F. Hall, Claude Moore, Mrs. P. E. Sandoz, and P. E. Sandoz, clerk. The last teacher was Mrs. Ethel Willetts.
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LIBERTY, DISTRICT 76.
    The Liberty District was divided from the Antelope District in the year 1886 and given the district number 51, as verified by the following article found in an old record book:
    "Liberty School District 51 established June 1, 1886, and organized June 14, 1886, by authority of William M. Colvig, county school superintendent."
    The clerk's report shows that 72 children of school age were living in the district at that time; however, only about twenty-five attended school. Their first teacher was Clara Bell, who taught a term of three months in the spring of 1887 for the sum of $100 or $33.33 per month. She paid $10 per month for board. William Owens, Aaron Wyland and Martin Hurst were members of the first school board, and James Kent was clerk. The following list gives a few names of pupils who attended that first term of school:
    Flora Hurst, Meda Hurst, Clara Hurst, Oscar Williams, Myrtle Hurst, Frank Hurst, James Wyland, Ella Williams, R. D. Foster, Clemen Swensen, Annie Swensen, Zuda Owens, Agnes Owens, Charley Scott, James Scott, John Williams, Lydia Owens, George Owens.
    In 1890 the district was divided and the eastern part, or Yankee Creek division, was called Black Oak District No. 76. The Wyland District was divided from it in 1891, and in the year 1905 a large portion off the west side of the district was given to the Roosevelt District.
    The Wyland District consolidated with the Liberty District in the year of 1911. The Black Oak District also consolidated with the mother district in the year of 1920. At this time the schoolhouse was moved to a fair location on the Yankee Creek road for the children from both districts to attend. The old name of Liberty was kept, but the Black Oak District number was taken. It is now known as Liberty District No. 76.
    The district has had two buildings. The first was bought from the Antelope District in 1886. The second was built at a recent date and is a very good building.
    For the present term only nine children are enrolled, which includes two boys who are doing high school work. The present teacher is Vida Bradshaw at a salary of $110 per month.
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PERSIST, DISTRICT 80.
    District 80 was organized in 1905. Prior to that date was a part of District No. 59, Provolt. The school was too far away, and a mountain ridge divided one part of the district from the other part. For three summers, 1901, 1902, 1903, school was held on the Persist side of the district. Miss Adele Pickel was the teacher during those three summer terms. In 1904 school was held in the Willits home with Walter Ferguson, a high school graduate, as teacher.
    In 1905 the district was formally organized, with the following men serving on the school board: W. W. Willits, chairman; R. H. Lewis, W. H. Morgan, Charles Morgan, clerk. The largest enrollment the school has ever had at any one time was 11 pupils. The school has graduated 11 pupils from the eighth grade, two of them have finished the Medford High School and one of them is a graduate of the Monmouth State Normal.
    For teachers the school has had two graduates from the University of Oregon, one a graduate of the University of Minnesota, one a graduate of the Indiana State Normal, one a graduate of Oregon Agricultural College, three have been graduates of the Monmouth State Normal, and the others were high school graduates.
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BEAVER CREEK, DISTRICT 82.
    District No. 82, Beaver Creek School, located about sixteen miles west of Jacksonville on the Big Applegate, was organized in 1898.
    The first school board were Chas. Purcel, N. Lewis and Jas. Dews, and the first teacher was Miss Daisy Walker.
    Two schoolhouses have been built. The first, a plain box building, was used about fifteen years. For two years, a number of children living on the opposite side of the river were trolleyed across during high water. Later a swing bridge was built.
    The present modern schoolhouse was built about ten years ago. There is now a thriving school of eight grades.
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HATCHERY, DISTRICT 84.
    The Hatchery School District was organized from part of the old Trail District territory. The schoolhouse stands about five miles north of Trail on the Crater Lake Highway.
    Alice Cromar, Geo. O. Henry and Viola Hogan were the first three teachers.
    This school has had nine successful years of school. The enrollment at one time numbered 20, but it has decreased until now there are only seven in attendance.
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BROPHY, DISTRICT 86.
    This district has always been lightly populated, and its remoteness through lack of good roads has until recently made it isolated.
    It has a little building large enough for its enrollment, but it is not yet a standard school. Beautifully situated in the forest, many happy school days are spent there.
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[LITTLE APPLEGATE,] DISTRICT 87.
    This district was first organized in 1904, the first school being held in a small building on a little knoll of the Crump ranch. Ramona C. Bissell was the first teacher to teach in this district.
    In 1906 school was held in the new white schoolhouse of District 87. Since that time a big hall has been annexed. The schoolhouse has always been kept in excellent condition, and is well equipped. Last year new swings were added to the playground.
    The first school board of this district were as follows: Clerk, Mrs. Cora B. Crump; directors, A. B. Saltmarsh, A. S. Kleinhammer, J. F. Crump.
    Mrs. Cora B. Crump and Mr. A. S. Kleinhammer are still residents of the district and are serving on the school board this year.
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SARDINE CREEK, DISTRICT 88.
    The Sardine Creek School District was formed in the fall of 1905, and while waiting for the new schoolhouse, school was held in [an] old dwelling house.
    The first teacher, Miss Nellie Dement, had had several years' experience, and for that reason she was paid the high salary of $40 a month, out of which she paid $10 per month for board.
    In the spring of 1906 the new schoolhouse was finished. It was built entirely out of rough lumber, dimensions 16x24 feet, with crude homemade desks and furniture. No library except a Webster's dictionary was supplied for the school.
    Through the influence of their teacher, Mr. Luthey, now a professor at Salem, a new modern schoolhouse was soon to be erected. In 1915 they bonded the district for $1200, and in the fall of 1916 the new up-to-date schoolhouse was ready.
    The name "Alderbrook" was suggested by Mr. Luthey and was adopted for the school.
    The Alderbrook schoolhouse is very well equipped and has been a standard school for some years back.
    This year we have 18 pupils, the largest attendance known for this district.
    The pupils participated in club work under leadership of Mrs. Perry Wait and won several prizes this year and last year at the county fair.
    The people of this district also enjoy a community hall and splendid roads.
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[CENTRAL,] DISTRICT 89.
    District No. 89 was organized in 1906. They opened school in an unfinished box house with homemade desks and an enrollment of ten pupils.
    The school just existed until 1922 when the district secured new equipment and finished the schoolhouse inside.
    Last spring this district annexed District 64, and by next spring we intend to have a standard school with an enrollment of about 30 pupils.
    The Crater Lake Highway has brought something of gain to this district, and, along with other communities, its children now share in school sports and in the two or three countywide days. They also undertake essay contests and sometimes win.
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BUTTE FALLS, DISTRICT 91.
    Organized September 5, 1906. So far as teachers' reports give information of this district, the year 1907 when Miss Nancy Caddel sent her statements in to County Superintendent Pat Daily is the first account we have. She stated that the school had an average daily attendance of 13 pupils, though 21 had enrolled, and that she had had 35 tardy marks during the 73 days taught by her. She "had not suitable accommodations for pupils entitled to attend the school, nor suitable furniture; the grounds were ample, but unimproved," so the record goes.
    To one driving out the graveled road through the splendid timber area around Butte Falls, and coming suddenly in view of the two-story white building amid its lawn and trees, in the edge of the town, the above report of 17 years ago sounds rather queer! The playgrounds and the gymnasium, the electric-lighted and steam-heated building, the cement walks, all go to make up an admirably equipped system. And happy indeed are the Butte Falls grades and high school to be so well provided for good work and hearty sports.
    The high school has been flourishing for several years past and is a standard four-year school. The grades have increased to require this year four teachers. So the faculty of seven members sounds quite remote from the one teacher of 17 years ago.
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PINEHURST, DISTRICT 94.
    On April 1, 1908, this district was established by the District Boundary Board of the county, and was then called the Shake School, from the post office near there.
    The school the following year under Miss Jessie Ashby enrolled only eight pupils, and the average daily attendance was less than 6.
    Later two schools were maintained in the district, since it is over 13 miles between [the] north and south lines of the district.
    In the spring of 1923 vote to build two new schoolhouses was taken, and though the building was put off for a year, it is now accomplished. The picture above is of the schoolhouse near Copco, where a happy group of children delight in the well-lighted, modern schoolhouse. The other building is on the Klamath highway near Pinehurst Inn, and it will house a larger school.
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WEST SIDE, DISTRICT 95.
    West Side School District Number 95 was organized in 1909, the boundary being formed by taking a part of Jacksonville and Central Point districts. During the first year the present building was erected and the first two years of school work were conducted by Miss Ann Hanson at a salary of $60 per month.
    In the year 1911 the board of directors decided to use the two rooms and engaged Mr. Davis as principal for a period of three years.
    In the last few years the attendance has decreased to such an extent that only one teacher is employed.
    In the year 1918, under the direction of the teacher, Miss Hazel Taylor, our parent-teachers association was organized which was later changed to a community club on account of the increase in attendance. This club meets at regular intervals during the year and frequently have as many as 150 people in attendance.
    The board of directors and patrons of the school believe that harmony is the keynote to success in any district, and the interest manifested in the school proves such.
    The present members of the board are Mr. Sander, Mr. Niedermeyer, Mr. Maury, who has been a member since the organization of the district, and Mr. Conger, who has served continuously as clerk.
    A visit to any of the monthly meetings of the community club will convince one of the spirit of loyalty in the district.
    West Side has been a standard school from its organization and is being conducted upon a cash basis, having cleared all indebtedness the present year.
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COLESTIN, DISTRICT 97.
    Colestin School of District 97 was formerly a part of the Siskiyou District. In the year 1911 this district was divided and the Colestin School was established. The first term opened with Mrs. Maud Frazer as the instructor. The enrollment for the beginning of the term was six, three boys and three girls. The first Colestin school board consisted of Mrs. Mollie Cole, clerk; H. B. Cole, chairman; James Turner and Albert Rummerfield, directors.
    The attendance in the Colestin School has varied from time to time, the average enrollment being eight. The present school term has an enrollment of 18 pupils, with all grades represented, except the eighth grade. The school building is a modern, well-equipped rural school and a pleasant place in which to teach.
    A second school was opened at Moon Camp last year, in a building erected according to standard by Mr. Moon, and the school continues this year.
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TOLO, DISTRICT 98.
    In 1911 the Tolo District was set off, being formed from districts 14, 16 and 20, when J. P. Wells was county superintendent.
    Mrs. Jessie N. Stannard was the first teacher in 1911-12, and enrolled 18 pupils.
    The sightly brick building on the flat near Tolo has always been a busy scene on school days. The building is electric lighted and has indoor toilets. The enrollment and number of grades has been so large that for the last three years an assistant teacher has been employed to ensure excellent work. The community gives helpful support to all school activities.
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FERN VALLEY, DISTRICT 99.
    School District No. 99 was organized in February, 1912.
    Members of the first board of directors were: Geo. Alford, L. H. Hughes, J. W. Peart, Lovell Ferns, clerk.
    New schoolhouse was built during summer of 1912.   
    First term began in September, 1912. Miss Maude Miller, teacher, with an attendance of 20 pupils. During the succeeding 12 years the attendance has not been so large. At present there are 13 pupils.
    Present school board: Lovell Ferns, R. C. Ward, H. H. Boyer, Geo. Alford, clerk.
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HOWARD, DISTRICT 100.
    This school was organized in 1912 with the following directors: I. A. Merriman, chairman; Frank Loder, F. L. Benson and Louis Bennett, clerk.
    A new brick building of two rooms and large basement was built on an acre of land halfway between Medford and Central Point on the highway. The district extended about one mile north and a mile south of the schoolhouse, east to the Pacific and Eastern R.R. track and west to the Southern Pacific R.R. track.
    Since then the following teachers have been employed: Miss Florence Lansing and Ester Harrison, 2 years; Mrs. Berdine Myers and Miss Irene Plotner, 1 years; Mrs. Berdine Myers and Miss Fern Daily, 1 year; Mrs. Berdine Myers and Miss Edith Creed, 1 year; Mrs. Berdine Myers, 2 years more alone; Miss Marie Myers, 1 year; Miss Viola Hogan, 1 year; Miss Gladys Mandeville, 1 year, and Miss Eleanor Maule, 2 years.
    At first about thirty pupils were in attendance most of the time, but in the spring of 1916 the people west of Bear Creek decided to form a district of their own, so withdrew from District 100 and became District 102, sending the pupils into Medford. This change left so few pupils that only one room has been used during the past six years and one teacher employed. As there were quite a few renters of small acreages, the population would increase awhile and decrease, according to the amount of pupils who lived there temporarily. But lately nearly all the people in the district are owning their homes so the number of pupils are to stay in the school. This increase is greater lately because of the large Owen-Oregon mills, so this year the two rooms are again in use with an enrollment of 34 pupils and there are prospects of more. Miss Eleanor Maule and Mrs. Anna Anders are the teachers.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 28, 1924, pages 10-12


SCHOOL HOUSE IS TOTALLY BURNED IN NIGHT BLAZE
    The Independence schoolhouse, several miles south of the city, district No. 15, was completely destroyed by fire of unknown origin last night at 9 o'clock. The loss is estimated as being over $1500, partly covered by insurance.
    The flames had gained such headway in the one-room building when discovered that efforts to put them under control were in vain. The fire, according to Mrs. C. H. Christner, a school board member, appeared to have started in the center of the building on the floor and then spread rapidly to all parts of the frame structure. The school was not equipped with lights and had no fire in the stove when Miss Ruth Powell, the teacher, closed for the day.
    The schoolroom had been recently furnished with new equipment, such as desks and blackboards. In addition to an organ, a complete school library was also destroyed.
    Arrangements are being made to have the 23 students enrolled either sent to the local schools or at Phoenix until a new building is built, it is understood.
    The building was located on the summit of a knoll overlooking the valley and was built a number of years ago. The glow of the flames was plainly seen in the city, but no alarm was turned in to the fire department for its chemical truck.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 16, 1925, page 5


History of Table Rock School District No. 44
By V. A. DAVIS

    (Published by request. Part of a paper read before the Table Rock Community Club at its regular meeting, April 28, 1933.)
    Ever since the early pioneer days, education has been fostered and has held a prominent place in the rise and progress of the county. From this circumstance has come the county's present progressive, public-spirited and cultured citizenship.
    When the county's foundation were laid, the founders, with prophetic vision, made provision for the laying out of school districts and the maintenance of schools. The Jacksonville school district, number one, was the parent of all the others. On July 19th, 1854, seventy-nine years ago, this district was organized, with T. F. Royal as the first county school superintendent.
    Owing to the scattered population, the early school districts were very large in area, their boundaries irregular, and ofttimes imaginary. As the population increased, business developed and transportation improved, [and] the districts were reduced in size, rearranged and reorganized, in order to meet the demands of the rapidly developing commonwealth.
    The story of the school districts would make an interesting chapter in Jackson County history, for many of the historical events recorded in Southern Oregon history took place within the boundaries of some of the present school districts. One of these is the Table Rock district, located in the most charming, picturesque and fertile spot in the county. It was here that the treaty that ended the Rogue River Indian War in 1853 was signed on the west slope of Upper Table Rock. The Daughters of the American Revolution, and associate organizations, have placed a marker, commemorating the event, in the plain between the two Table Rocks.
    Among the early children of the mother district was Antioch, number eighteen. This district, originally known as the Mountain District, was set off on Oct. 31st, 1860. The specified boundary began in the center of Lower Table Rock, then north to Evans Creek, thence east to the center of Rogue River, thence down the center of Rogue River, thence down the center of said river to the place of beginning. This was a region thinly populated, of a varied surface configuration, consisting of hill and valley, forest and plain, lake and stream, with an area greater than the present state of Rhode Island.
    For several years after the formation of this district but little interest was shown in education, no district officials being elected and no school being maintained by taxation. But interest in the necessity of educating the growing up boys and girls being revived in 1867, J. A. Burns taught a subscription school in an old log cabin that stood near the site of the present Antioch school house. Three years later, Mr. Burns taught a similar school in an old log cabin that stood on the knoll near the site of Mrs. Schafer's residence in the present Table Rock district. During the two succeeding years, Mr. John Potter and Miss Mary McCabe, respectively, taught subscription schools in the same old cabin. It had not been built for school purposes, but had probably been built by some settler and afterward abandoned by him. The old cabin becoming dilapidated and unsanitary, the school directors prohibited its use for school purposes in the future.
    About this time, either an epidemic of sleeping sickness fell upon the people, or a moratorium was declared in the school business, for no school was held in the district for a period of nearly two years. At last, interest having been revived in school matters, it was decided to establish two schools in the district, both to be supported by taxation. One of the schools was to be located in the southern part of the district to accommodate the settlers in the vicinity of Table Rock. From this circumstance dates the record of an organized school, supported by taxation, in the Table Rock district.
    In the spring of 1874 Miss Lou Houston taught the first three months' term in the district under the new dispensation. The school was held in a small, unpainted house, built on the Jim Collins farm. Mr. S. M. Nealon afterward bought this farm, and the first public school house in the present Table Rock district stood near the twin oaks or near the site now occupied by the residence of Mr. C. W. Sage. Miss Houston enrolled thirteen pupils, "boarded round," and received a salary of $33⅓ a month.
    Thereafter, a spring term of school was regularly held in the little rough lumber building, which served its purpose well until replaced, in later years, with a more imposing structure.
    Population having increased, and the citizens having expressed a desire to manage their own school affairs, in March 1879 the present Table Rock school district No. 44 was detached, by petition, from the Antioch district No. 18. At that time, J. D. Fountain was county superintendent of schools, and E. P. Pickens, B. Vincent and J. W. O. Gregory became the directors and J. S. March clerk of the new district. At the first school election, seventeen votes were cast; the census showed thirty-two children of school age, and the treasury swelled with $96 cash on hand. In 1879 Miss Maude Tuffs taught the first spring term of school in the newly organized district, and in 1886 Jenny Oaks taught the first fall term in the history of the district.
    On March 25th, ten years after the formation of the district, a portion of its northern part was detached by petition and added to the Chaparral district, No. 52. At that time H. H. Mitchell, who formerly taught in the Table Rock district, was county school superintendent.
    In the spring of 1892, Mr. Fred Hansen, a patron of the school, dedicated one acre of land to the district for school purposes. He was a public-spirited citizen and much interested in education. A new school house was built upon the tract by Mr. March. It was completed in the fall just in time to hold the community Christmas tree program in it. In 1893, Miss Emma Ruth taught the first spring term in the new school house.
    In 1885, Mary Newbury, 1893, Armenta Burch, 1895, Miss Cotta, each taught a private school in the district during the fall and winter, but owing to the small attendance and lack of interest in such schools, they were discontinued in the future.
    From the subscription school that John Burns taught in the old log cabins, and for twenty years thereafter, the teachers with but few exceptions "boarded round." Beginning about the year 1890, the practice was established of having them board in some certain home or place in the district. When the teachers "boarded round," the patrons, pupils and teacher all experienced the delights and diversions incident to that friendly old custom, for those were the pioneer days, the halcyon days of old, whose memory will ever remain green in song and story.
    To keep pace with the march of progress, it was decreed that the old building should be replaced with a new one. Accordingly during the summer vacation of 1910 the present building was built upon the site of the old one, erected in 1892. Mr. V. A. Davis taught the first school held in the present building.
    From the little old log cabin on the knoll, to the present commodious building, under the eye of Table Rock, is a span of sixty-three years of time. During the course of those stirring, formative years, Table Rock school district has kept pace with the march of progress, and has ever been prominent in promoting the educational, social and religious culture of the district and county. When the district was officially organized, fifty-four years ago, it maintained but three months school during the year, employed one teacher, enrolled thirty-two census children, and had but $96 in the treasury; today nine months [of] school are maintained, two teachers are employed, seventy-four census children are enrolled, and the assessed valuation of its property is rated at $280,767.80.
    The geographical location of Table Rock district lies in two Ranges, 1 and 2 W., W.M., and Townships 35 and 36 S. It embraces about eleven sections, and its area is approximately 7040 acres. The school house is located in the southern part of Section 10, Range 2 W., W.M., and Township 36 S.
    The district's present official organization consists of Frank Hensley, Sam Newman and Floyd Hamlin, directors, and Mary B. Meyers, clerk. The teaching staff consists of Roy Parr, principal and teacher of the upper grades, and Winifred May, assistant principal and teacher of the lower grades. The school ranks high in efficiency and scholarship and bids fair to rise to greater heights in the future.
    A roster of the teachers in the order of their term of service shows a list of seventy-one names: John Burns, John Potter, Mary McCabe, Lou Houston, Jane Nichols, W. J. Stanley, Mary Berry, O. W. Gregory, Maude Tuffs, H. H. Mitchell, Maggie Howell, W. H. Gore, M. Vina Gore, May Griffith, Sarah Knowles, Henry Cryder, Mary Newbury, Amanda Goodyear, Jenny Oaks, Lottie Reed, Fanny Knowles, Rose Griffith, Charley Griffith, Annie Harvey, Laura Colton, Ella Griffith, Arthur Walker, Lutie Burch, Emma Ruth, Armenta Burch, L.A. Simons, Anna Clemons, Libby Pendleton, Miss Cotter, Maude Downing, Olive Gregory, Nellie Towne, Lizzie Ferguson, Mae Sutton, Wick Easter, Stella Stidham, Dolly Badger, Mae McIntyre, Flora Smith, Flossie Briscoe, H. B. Leach, Ida Stewart, Lorena Shuck, V. A. Davis, Myrtle Corum, Alice French, Cy. Watkins, Louise Ward, Gladys Miller, C. E. Johnson, Hattie B. Lester, Josephine Kincaid, Eva Beebe, Helen Parker, Verda Lynch, June Dunlap, Mae Johnson, Mrs. Voorhies, Mrs. Burdeen Meyers, Irene Franks, Mrs. Ina Purcell, Mary Martha Sweeney, Betty Brown, Nellie Egan, Winifred May and Roy Parr.
    Nearly all the teachers have departed, leaving behind their footprints in the field of their endeavor. A few have passed over the divide into the mystic realm of the Great Beyond; others remain among the living, all busily chasing their favorite phantoms along their pathways of life.
    The boys and girls who assembled here in the past all have passed out of this school into life's greater school of stern experience. Flushed with life's bright dreams, they assumed their responsibilities of citizenship, and began to play their respective parts on stage of life's grand realities. All have been weavers, both teachers and pupils, weaving their fabrics at the loom of life. And as their shuttles have flitted swiftly to and fro, they have laid their warps in the schemes of the dreams they have dreamed.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 14, 1933, page 5


TALENT-PHOENIX MERGER PASSES
    Both Talent and Phoenix school patrons voted to consolidate the districts at a special election yesterday. The vote in Talent was 96 for and 78 against, and the Phoenix vote was 95 for and 15 against.
    County School Superintendent C. R. Bowman and the county school boundary board will make an official count of the ballots next week and then consolidation plans will be outlined, it was said. Since the Phoenix district is the larger of the two, it takes the lead in consolidation plans, officials report.
    In a previous election on consolidation, Talent voted the proposition down.

Medford Mail Tribune, March 18, 1948, page 1


Education Shown One of County's Biggest 'Industries' with Total Budget $4,866,000 for Year; Population Growth Presents Problems for Schools
    Education of Jackson County grade and high school students is big business and it's becoming bigger every year.
    On a dollars and cents basis it rates fourth in the county, behind lumber, agriculture and tourists.
    Some $4,866,500 has been tentatively budgeted for the operation of the county's 40 or so schools during the coming fiscal year. With this, about 568 teachers will place nine months of education before an estimated 12,500 youngsters at a cost of about $400 per pupil.
Much New Building
    New construction of school buildings has amounted to more than $4,678,000 since the end of World War II. Another $1,985,250 in new construction has been approved by voters, some of it to be completed in time for the start of school next fall.
    These figures are for public schools alone. In addition there are two privately operated schools, St. Mary's of Medford and Rogue River Academy, which are providing an education for several hundred students.
    Costs of providing an elementary and high school education for the youngsters in Jackson County, as elsewhere, have grown tremendously since the end of World War II. There are four principal reasons for this.
Big Increase
    First is the great increase in the number of school-age children. This reflects an overall increase in this area's population, plus a rapid increase in the nation's birth rate following the end of the war.
    Second is a combination of two factors which put Jackson County and the rest of the nation far behind in badly needed new school construction. These were the depression of the 1930s, when money was not available, and World War II, when materials and workmen were almost impossible to obtain.
    Third is the general increase in the "cost of living." Local schools officially estimate that costs of teachers' salaries, of new school construction, and of school operation and maintenance have more than doubled in the past 20 years.
More Finish School
    Fourth is the fact that a larger percentage of youngsters than ever before are entering and completing high school.
    These problems, or at least part of them, look like they're going to be with us for quite a while. For example, the first--increase in population--started in Jackson County about 1920 when the census showed there were 20,405 people here. By 1930 the figure was 32,918, in 1940 it was 36,213, the 1950 census totaled 58,510, and the county's population last fall was estimated at 63,000. It's still growing.
    Coupled with the increased birthrate, this population increase means a building program which must continue for most of the foreseeable future.
    The second of these factors--delays in new school construction because of depression and war--is obvious throughout Jackson County. Figures compiled by the county schools office show that only about four new school buildings were authorized in the county between the start of the depression and the end of World War II.
Medford Is Example
    A good example is in Medford, where the new junior high and Garfield St. grade school will be the first new starts since 1931, when the senior high school and Washington grade school were constructed.
    In Medford, and other parts of the county, additions to existing buildings have been constructed as stopgap measures, but many buildings now being used were originally constructed more than 40 years ago.
    Here are some of the original construction dates for school buildings still being used in the county. Eagle Point grade school, 1897. Medford's Lincoln grade school, 1906. Griffin Creek school, 1902. Rogue [River] school, 1909. Applegate school, 1911. Gold Hill school, 1910.
20 Before 1920
    Approximately 20 school buildings which are still being used were built prior to 1920. Another 12 were constructed between 1920 and the time the full force of the depression hit in about 1931. From 1931 until the end of World War II in 1945, only about four new buildings were constructed, all of them comparatively small.
    When the end of the war came, almost every district in the county was having trouble. There were too many kids and not enough school rooms. The districts started new construction as soon as possible, but by the time most of it was completed, the families started by returned servicemen were reaching school age, and the merry-go-round started all over again.
    Here is a district-by-district survey of what has been done to meet this problem since 1946, figured as the first "normal" postwar year, and what is planned for the immediate future.
Districts' Plans
    District 1, Jacksonville--A four-room elementary plant was built in 1946 at a cost of $31,000. A total of $150,000 has been authorized for construction of a new six-room elementary unit.
    District 2, Griffin Creek--A two-room elementary plant was constructed in 1948 at a cost of $25,000. In 1950 a gymnasium was built at a cost of $30,000. The district spent $3,500 in 1953 for a two-room addition to the existing building.
    District 3, Ruch--In 1950 $35,000 was expended for a three-room building, offices and teachers' room and remodeling of space for a cafeteria.
    District 4, Phoenix--A new high school and gymnasium were built in 1949 at a cost of $252,000. A $136,000 eight-room elementary unit, with teachers' rooms, health room and heating system, started in 1953, is now nearing completion.
In Ashland
    District 5, Ashland--Briscoe school was built in 1949 to replace the old Washington school, Walker school was constructed, classrooms were added to Bellview, and Lincoln was remodeled, all at a cost of $550,000. In 1952 a new physical education building, library, home economics and science rooms, and remodeling of the junior high school cost $685,000.
    District 6C, Central Point, Gold Hill, Sams Valley--A group of buildings costing $30,000 were erected in 1947, $500,000 was used in 1950 for construction of the new Crater high school, and in 1952 $195,000 was authorized for construction of a second arts and vocational agriculture shop, a four-room addition to the junior high school, and some additional work on Crater high school.
Use Camp Buildings
    District 9, Eagle Point--$55,800 was expended in 1946 for a new high school plant constructed from remodeled Camp White buildings. A four-room elementary building was constructed in 1949 at a cost of $50,000 and a six-room elementary building was erected in 1952 at a cost of $80,000.
    District 10, Lone Pine--A gymnasium and a cafeteria were added in 1947 at a cost cf $30,000 and $30,000 was expended in 1951 for a three-room elementary addition.
    District 22, Talent--A new six-room elementary unit and band rooms and a health room were built in 1949 at a cost of $92,000, and a new high school, to cost $159,500, has been authorized for construction.
    District 35, Rogue River--$115,000 was expended in 1950 for a six-room elementary building, high school shop, teachers' room and heating unit.
Gym for Applegate
    District 40, Applegate--A new gymnasium was built in 1952 at a cost of $18,500.
    District 45, Elk-Trail--In 1946, $5,000 was spent for remodeling and maintenance, and $37,500 was used for a two-room elementary addition.
    District 49, Medford--A total of $1,085,000 was expended from 1946 through 1949 for additions to all existing school buildings. Plans are nearing completion for a new east side junior high school, a new grade school south of Stewart Ave., and remodeling of the present high school at a cost of approximately $1,600,000.
    District 59, Prospect--A four-room elementary unit was constructed in 1948 at a cost of $30,000, and in 1952-1953 $170,000 was expended for a new gymnasium.
Use Levy
    District 62, Evans Valley--New gymnasium construction has been under a continuing levy, rather than through bond issues. Figures on building costs are not available in the county schools office.
    District 69, Oak Grove--In 1948 a four-room elementary addition was constructed at a cost of $50,000. A $31,750 bond issue for construction of a two-room addition has been approved.
    District 89, Shady Cove--A two-room addition was built in 1946 at a cost of $11,500. In 1950 another two-room addition cost $20,000, and a one-room addition was built in 1952 at a cost of $9,500. A $23,000 bond issue for construction of a two-room addition, heating unit, furniture, and work on the school gymnasium has been approved.
    District 91, Butte Falls--$21,000 approved for a new shop.
    District 94, Pinehurst--No new construction has been reported for this one-room school atop the Greensprings Mountains east of Ashland.
4-Room Unit
    District 95, West Side--A new four-room elementary unit was constructed last year at a cost of $65,000.
    District 100, Howard--A new four-room addition and remodeling of two additional rooms was completed in 1948 at a cost of $63,000.
    St. Mary's school constructed a new building at a cost of $375,000 two years ago, and plans are now under way for an addition to the building.
    Over a period of years, school administrators have come to realize that they must look to the future with an eye to trends in population, new housing developments, and what parents believe their children should have in the way of school facilities.
    Right now, Medford city schools officials are studying needs of 10 years from now, when, if present trends continue, another grade school and another high school may be necessary.
    To do this, they must be able to predict which areas are going to build up in the future, so that sites can be purchased before desirable spots are filled by houses. This kind of planning pays big dividends because land can usually be purchased at a comparatively low cost, and if they should be wrong, can be sold again without losing money.
    At Central Point the problems are more immediate, and school officials are studying additions which may be required in five years or less. At Rogue River, a consolidation with Evans Valley is being discussed. If such a plan were approved, a new building would probably be required.
Some Send Children
    Most districts operate their own schools. But there are districts which do not operate schools, sending their children to other districts which do. These are District 29, Dewey, and District 102, Kenwood. Students in the old Colestin district, now part of District 5, Ashland, are transported to California schools.
    Each of the county's districts has its own problems. Some are plagued by low valuation, which rigidly limits the amount of debt which can be contacted. Others must operate school buses hundreds of miles each day to take children to and from school.
    They range in size from Medford, which will soon be operating eight schools with more than 100 teachers for approximately 4,600 students, to Pinehurst, where Teacher Robert Wallis conducts class in one room for 15 first through eighth graders.
Under Rural Board
    The breakdown on school budgets, some of which are already approved, for the coming year shows that some $2,079,175.37 has been appropriated for the group designated as coming under jurisdiction of the rural school board. This includes all schools except those in the county's three first-class districts.
    There are three first-class districts. Medford's budget of $1,480,800 is largest, followed by Ashland, with $706,065 and District 6C, which includes Central Point, Sams Valley and Gold Hill grade schools and Crater high school, with $600,439.
    There are several governing bodies which have jurisdiction over the schools. Best known are the local school boards which have the primary authority for operating the schools.
Other Groups
    Other groups are the district boundary board, which changes district boundaries when need arises, the non-high board, for districts which have no high schools, and the rural school board, which among other jobs acts as an overseeing body on budgets for all except first-class districts.
    County school superintendent Alf Mekvold, whose offices are in the county courthouse, acts as coordinating agent for these governing bodies, and is aided by Mrs. Una B. Inch, school supervisor, in working with the individual school districts to improve the county school system.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 16, 1954, page 12


Hand-Written Record Tells of Early Schools
Boundaries Were Flexible, Numbers Changed Often
By MAUDE ZIEGLER
    It is a little difficult to visualize the Applegate Valley without schools, but an old book at the county superintendent's office, where the record is written by hand, tells some of the story of more than a century ago.
    "Shall we organize a system of free schools," was the first proclamation of Joseph Lane, governor of the Oregon Territory. The Rev. George H. Atkins prepared a message to the first territorial legislature July 17, 1849. He brought with him $200 worth of school books of latest and best authors, the record states.
    It appears that district boundaries and names were flexible in those early days, as well as district numbers, and the first record shows Upper Applegate or Uniontown district No. 24 with G. W. Starr as clerk. M. A. Williams was county superintendent of schools at that time, April, 1863.
District Changes
    In December the district was changed into Logtown-Uniontown No. 27. A year later, William A. Jones was clerk, with 27 children attending and 40 legal voters in the district. It is not recorded where a building was located.
    Two quarters of school were held with three months in the spring, and three in the fall. The teacher's salary averaged about $100 for a three-month period. This included room and board, and the teachers would board with three or four families. The entire school fund appropriated to the district was $98.78.
    Theodric Cameron, Uniontown storekeeper, was clerk in 1865. There were no school buses for those days, and Miles, Jim and Omar Cantrall, living on the Preston place, crossed the river by rowboat to get to Uniontown school in 1872, when Miles was four years old, members of the family say. A few teachers of the 1880s were John Gore, Verlinda Buck Cantrall, and Bernice Cameron.
Serve Ruch Area
    These districts also served the present Ruch area, and sometimes only a quarter term was taught. B. F. Irvine, once blind editor of Portland Journal, attend school at Logtown. in 1876 a building was erected at the site of the present Ruch school, and any connection with Logtown was dropped at this time.
    The school was called "the Drake school," the Drake family living at the site of the Hibbs or Osenbrugge place. Since Drake was instrumental in establishing a school, it was given the family name.
    The "No. 3" may not indicate its position of organization, for the old record shows there was a general shifting of numbers over the Southern Oregon area; when the Col. Ross district No. 3 was absorbed into Central Point district, the "No. 3" was left free, and was adopted by the Drake school.
51 Pupils
    In 1872 this district had 51 pupils and 42 voters. William Ray was clerk until 1876, and J. D. Buckley served until 1872. According to Jim Buckley, he and other pupils of Drake district went to Uniontown part of the time, and vice versa, for there was not always money to maintain the schools even for six months out of the year.
    Buckley said the school water supply came by carrying it from neighboring houses, and that it was considered a privilege to carry water to evade lessons.
    Early teachers as remembered by Jim Buckley were J. B. Farley, who also taught the youthful miners at Sterling; Kate Herriott Hyde, mother of Mrs. Boyd Hamilton; Emma Ulrich, aunt of the late Mrs. Jim Buckley; Jennie Moore, who married Professor J. T. Merritt of Jacksonville; Stella Stidham; Frances Donegan; Miles Cantrall, father of Harlan Cantrall, who also taught at Ruch in [the] late 1920s, Dorothy Day and John Jeffrey.
Recalls Recreation
    Buckley recalls that for recreation the children played "Black Man" and "Town Ball." Desks were homemade, and the benches were boards nailed full length of the wall. The building was studded on the outside, with bare walls on the inside, and children could observe the outdoors through the knotholes. The stove in the building was a long iron stove which stood in the center of the room and took wood in four-foot lengths.
    The name was changed from Drake to Ruch in 1897, when the Ruch post office was established by C. M. Ruch. Jacksonville was District No. 1, and Ashland, established in 1860, was No. 2.
    Ages of pupils in those days ranged from five to 20 years, and most children attended school, although there was no compulsory school law.
Addition Built
    In 1893 an addition was built to the Drake building, and it was used until 1914, when the present block building was constructed by Fred Fick, Jacksonville hardware store owner. A second block room was added in 1916, and high school was held for two years.
    The next earliest school in the community was Sterling No. 33. R. S. Armstrong was clerk when the school was first recorded in 1870. There were 36 children of school age, and George Yaudes was clerk for 10 years.
    The district lapsed in 1919 and was reestablished in 1923. It was consolidated with Ruch in 1937. Early-day board members at Sterling were Claus Kleinhammer, Josiah Crump and Joe Saltmarsh.
Thompson Creek
    Another early school was Thompson Creek, No. 34, with Thomas H. Lowden as clerk, and 24 children were in the district, which was formed from part of Missouri Flat. Early-day clerks from 1872 were Thomas Mee, A. Darneille, James Mee and Jasper Darneille. The first building was of logs, and about 20 years later a school house was built of lumber with Effie Green the first teacher.
    This was where Dick Hoffman went to school, and he recalls that the late Gus Newbury was county school superintendent.
    Books were scarce, Hoffman said, and when school opened in the fall the children brought the books they had, and classes were held. Foot races and tearing up wood rats' nests Hoffman [listed] as the main sports. There was no fountain in the room in those days, and Mr. Hoffman said many times they drank from the irrigation ditch.
    In a few years the teachers didn't board around with the families anymore, but had a definite place to stay. Mrs. Fritz Ruch, now Mrs. Jennie Young of Medford, boarded the teachers for 21 years. A more modern school was built in 1924 at a cost of $1,200, and was used until 1947, when Thompson Creek consolidated with Applegate.
    The school now known as Applegate No. 40 was called Bridge Point in 1876, when a district was formed from a part of Missouri Flat, Provolt and Steamboat. H. C. Fleming was county school superintendent, and John Bolt was the first clerk, serving for six or seven years.
    The present brick building was erected in 1911, and high school was held for 14 years with standardized library and science equipment. Commercial and college preparatory courses were given. Mrs. Lora Couch Pernoll was one of the first high school teachers.
Forest Creek School
    Forest Creek school No. 34 was first recorded in 1878 with Daniel Hopkins as the first clerk. Two years later, John Atterbury became clerk.
    The first building was of logs and was heated by a fireplace. The desks were homemade, and the first teacher was May Crane. Among families of that period were the Isaac Coffman and Pence families.
    In five years a new house was built to serve until consolidation with Ruch in 1951, at which time three new classrooms were added at Ruch, and a more modern building from Uniontown, also consolidated in 1951, was added as a cafeteria. The present Ruch gymnasium and a fourth classroom were built in 1955.
    The first recording of Watkins No. 68 was in 1884, and in 1891 a log building was put up on the river bank near the mouth of Squaw Creek. The first board members were Mark Watkins, F. O. Collings, and a Mr. Langley. The playground was merely a narrow strip between the river and the "wagon road," for farmland was too precious to use for school grounds.
Chief Sports
    The chief sports were baseball and rock throwing contests across the river. The baseball was made with string from a raveled sock wound on a piece of rubber, according to stories told to Christine Beaver Harr, early-day teacher there. The ball was finished up with hand stitching to hold the string in place. The bat was handmade, too.
    The children forming this early school besides the Watkins and Collings children were those of William Dorn and Arrasmith's. The teacher boarded with the families until 1911, when she had to take part of her $30 per month to pay board.
    In 1923, the shake roof began to leak, and a new building was erected on property bought from Bert Harr, but the old logs were in good condition and were utilized by Cary Culy in building a garage. John Jeffrey, member of a Ruch family, was the first teacher. He was a surveyor, and later a Portland attorney. Watkins school was discontinued in 1942, owing to a shortage of teachers.
    A school which many today have never known about was Steamboat No. 58, recorded in 1889, locating on Carberry Creek, where a mining village once flourished after a quartz "pocket" of $250,000 was discovered in 1869. A building of squared logs was built on part of the old Al Shearer place below [the] mouth of Steve and Sturgis creeks, according to A. B. Culy, of Medford, who attended school there.
Named After Mine
    Culy says there never was a creek by the name of "Steamboat," but the name applied to the mine.
    A publication on Oregon geographic names says that when mines do not come up to expectations either naturally or by fraud they are said to be "steamboated," so Culy says that when some men in Jacksonville heard of the "strike" on Carberry, they went in search of it, and failing to find it named the place "Steamboat." The school was discontinued about 1912. A later school organized, but one with a picturesque story was Beaver Creek No. 82, in 1898. The first building was located on the west side of the river, and pupils and teacher crossed the river in a trolley, pupils pulling each other across.
    Teachers who still talk about riding in the trolley are Miss Kate Buckley and Ina Stoker Pursel. Children who attended school at that time were those of Amos and Adelbert McKee, Newton Lewis and Charles Buck.
Recalls Fall
    Leonard McKee, now of Jacksonville, recalls that Bessie Lewis Dorn fell from a 10-foot pier supporting the trolley cables, and fractured several ribs.
    Early board members were Charles Pursel, Newton Lewis and James Dews. The first teacher was Daisy Walker. The first building was used for 16 years, and one other was built to serve until the school was discontinued in 1942.
    The last school to be organized was Little Applegate in 1904, according to Nelson Pursel, whose father's sawmill, operated by Charles Pursel on Little Applegate, supplied the lumber for the school house in 1906.
    For two years before the building was attained, private school was held in a vacant cabin at the Frank Crump ranch. The first teacher was Ramona Bissel. Miss Ella Parks taught in 1905, and Mrs. Nelson Pursel in 1906. Some early pupils there were Osie Saltmarsh, Lee Saltmarsh, Tiny, Hugh and Melissa Combest, and children of the Harley Hall and Eldon Jennings families.
Serve Miners' Children
    Early schools served miners' children for the most part, for agriculture as a chief livelihood was not developed [in the Applegate Valley] until the late '80s.
    Ruch school has a present enrollment of over 100 pupils, and Applegate has an enrollment of 90.
    Teachers listed from 1899 to 1916-1917:
    Uniontown: Bernice Cameron, Josephine Donegan, Ella Parks, Maud Prim, Maud Harr (Ditsworth), Lillie Payne, Gay Webb, Eva Couch, Mae Lawrence, Irene Plotner, Mrs. E. E. Sams, Maybell Daniels (Offenbacher), Mabel Hanson (Wertz).
    Ruch: Anna Jeffrey (1897), Frances Donegan, Dorothy Day, Maud Prim, Mabel Mickey, Mary B. Underwood, Benjamin Collins, George Henry, T. D. Goodpasture, Helen Wait, Gertrude Deierlein, Grace Hullinger, Mina Magnes, Robert Main, John Nealon, Anna Boylan, Nellie Collins, Bes Colvin, Robert Peachey, Lucy Kruger, Margarette Morrisey and N. A. Frost.
Sterling Teachers
    Sterling: George McCune, Martha Lee, Ollie Huffer, Olah Mickey, May Rose, Myrtle Corum, Beulah Freeman, Minnie Thompson, Abbie Henry, M. P. Scott, Faye Burchell, Ella Parks, Mary A. Gore, Hazel Dalzell, Reva E. Arnold.
    Thompson Creek: Naomi E. Crocker, Katherine Buckley, Eunice Corum, Kate Broad, Maud O'Brien, Luria Chapman, Kate Herriott Hyde, Maud Prim, Grace Raypholtz, Gay Webb, Cora March (Hoffman), Verna Prater, Mildred Hicks, Inez M. Drive, Eunice Davis, Mamie F. Clark, Kay Kincaid, Helen Mee (Brown), Bessie Haselton.
    Applegate: Abbie Stites, Cora B. Lemon, Ollie Huffer, W. C. Whitlock, Dorothy Day, Josephine Donegan, Maud O'Brien, Kate Hyde, Beulah Huebner, Nell E. Callahan, Lora Couch (Pernoll), Emma Wendt (Chase), Bessie Colvin, Charles A. Collins, Mrs. Charles A. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Wheeler, Irene Manning, Lillian Page, H. S. O'Hara, B. F. Nibert, Ella Rawlings, Charles Brown.
Forest Creek Teachers
    Forest Creek: Elsie Wiley, Nellie Towne, Thora Smith, Lelia Anderson, R. H. Jones, Flora Thompson, Ada C. Ditsworth, George Henry, Bertha Prim, Maud Peachey (Port), Mina J. Hall, Ella Parks, John C. Hart, Nettie M. Abbott (Armpriest), Pearl L. Gould, Mrs. Ella D. Tyrrell, Maud Miller, A. F. Allden, Mamie F. Clark, Ada D. East.
    Watkins: Nora Shearer, Leslie Anderson, Alma Wilson, Armeda Burch, Daisy Walker, Margaret Byrne, Flora Thompson, N. T. Baughman, Ina Stoker (Pursel), Edith M. McCune, Emma Wendt (Chase), Evelyn Merrill, Christine Beaver (Harr), Florence Crippen, Eunice L. Smith, Grace Raypholtz, Eleanor M. Hay, Olive A. Hogan, Helen James.
Steamboat Teachers
    Steamboat: Dotty Day, Nettie Lewis (Thompson), Mary Childers, Armetta Birch, Mabel Mickey, Mrs. I. M. Hoge, Nina Karne, Maude Harr, Clara Elmer, Bertha Daily (Culy), Minnie Ring, Gertrude Hedrick, Esther M. Perry, Ruth York (Hood), J. J. Allen, Kate Hyde.
    Beaver Creek: Kate Buckley, Daisy Walker, Ella Parks, Ethel Florey, Dora Hurley, Lucia Chapman, Susie Boyd, Maud Herr, Abby Henry, Ina Stoker (Pursel), Cyneth Lee, Gay Webb, Mary Bigham, Bertha Daily (Culy), Gladys Shaw, Bertha Peachey (McKinney), Bertha Smith, Minnie Larson, Mildred Hicks, Mabel Thomas, Ruth York (Hood), Lucille Barber, Ella Rawlings, March Brown, Mary A. Gore, Olive Hogan.
    Little Applegate (record incomplete): Ramona Bissel, Ella Parks, Ina Stoker, Alice Palmer, Harold Ager, Maud Miller.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 12, 1959, page 12


Speaker Reviews Highlights of School's 99-Year History
By MARY KELL
Mail Tribune Correspondent

    Sams Valley--Highlights of history relating to the Sams Valley School of District 6C were told by C. Wesley McDonough at a recent meeting of the Sams Valley PTA when "dads" presented the program.
    Past presidents who received recognition in observance of founder’s day were Mrs. Earl Peffley, Mrs. Frank Straus, Mrs. Jean Smith, and Mrs. Edgar Pleasant.
    Mrs. Alfred Gowan, publicity chairman, reported that a silver offering taken that evening was contributed to the Oregon Scholarship Fund. The business session was conducted by Stanley Hall, president of the unit. Plans were made to sponsor a potluck supper and full-length movie on April 2.
    Suggestions that a dance and card party be held in the near future to raise funds for PTA budget expenses were discussed. Mrs. Harold DeVoss is ways and means chairman.
Organized in 1861
    Wesley McDonough said the district was organized as Sams Creek on Feb. 11, 1861. The boundary started at the upper edge of the lower Table Rock on the right bank of Rogue River and ran north until it intersected Evans Creek, then southwest to Sardine Creek and back to the Rogue River and point of beginning.
    An early settler, James Sutton, was clerk in March 1861 and recorded that of 52 school-age children, there were 15 in attendance at the one school house, with 60 days of school. The amount paid the teacher was not reported, but the district received the sum of $117.68 from county funds. This early-day school was a log building and stood a short distance west of where the Paul Schulz garage building is at present.
    The school operated about one quarter of each year, and the main subjects taught were Davis and Thompson arithmetic, Mitchell geography, Clark's grammar, Webster's speller and Sanders' reader.
    McDonough made comparison concerning consolidation. He said we are now consolidating for mere economical operation, but on March 3, 1877, a petition was presented to the county to divide the Sams Creek district. Those signing for the northwest or Pankey district were James Pankey, A. S. Moon, Jacob Gabriel, William Payne and Jed Smith. He said those signing for the southwest or Sams Creek district were other well-known early settlers, John Chastain, John Sisemore, C. C. McClendon, J. Dowden and O. Ganiard.
    James Pankey and Jacob Gabriel gave land for the Pankey school in March, 1881. C. C. McClendon deeded land for the Sams Creek School in March of the same year, and the school stood where the Albert Straus house is now. The Pankey school was just north of the Earl Peffley residence. Both schools were famous old landmarks.
    McDonough recalled stories about a method of operation used about 1890 at the Sams Creek subscription school. Each family donated a sum for operating the school and Rachael Nickels was the teacher.
    The Antioch district was organized about 1870, and the Meadows district in April, 1871. A man named John Potter taught at both of these schools. There also was a school at Asbestos in the Meadows area, and for a period of about two years a subscription school was held in the Meadows. The building used was an old cook house at a sawmill. In the Beagle area, the Mountain School operated for a while and was located near the Rush place.
    About 1900 the Chaparral School, located just off of what is now known as Perry Road and Weber Road, was started. It was fairly close to the small community known as Rabbitville, where a store and blacksmith shop were operated by the Woodsons about that time, McDonough said.
Districts Merged
    The Sams Valley and Chaparral districts consolidated in 1920 and the present school was started in 1921. McDonough said the gymnasium was constructed in 1930 with all donated labor. The main building is of pole construction, the poles being cut on the Fitzgerald property. They were cut and peeled with the help of the high school boys and were skidded out with horses and hauled to the site on wagons.
    He said what lumber was used was purchased in Medford and from the Trail mill on Elk Creek for around $7 a thousand. The Sams Valley Grange donated the flooring, and it came from an open-air dance pavilion that was in the black oak grove south of the school.
    Sams Valley High School won the county basketball championship about that time with seven boys on the basketball team, he said.
    The Pankey district eventually consolidated with Sams Valley, also the Meadows, and when the Army turned back the Beagle area [after it was no longer needed for Camp White training maneuvers] it became a part of the Sams Valley district. He concluded his story with the statement that through more consolidation we are all a part of District 6C.
    During the evening Alfred Gowan spoke of topics of interest to the group concerning schools in Dearing, Kan., in comparison to the local school and PTA. In Dearing, he said, there was no PTA.
    Instead, once a month, people of the area held what they termed a community club at the school. Everyone attended whether or not they had a youngster in the school. The Gowans resided in Dearing prior to coming here several years ago.
    The next PTA meeting is slated for Thursday, March 31 at 8 p.m.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 16, 1960, page 6t



Last revised September 22, 2022