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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Prohibition

Sheriff Charles Terrell and Deputy L. D. Forncrook behind the county jail in Jacksonville, circa 1922.

    TEMPERANCE ADDRESS.--There will be a temperance address at the M.E. church, on Tuesday evening next, at early candle lighting, by Rev. G. W. Roork. All are invited to attend. After the address, business of importance to those interested in the temperance cause will be transacted.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 12, 1867, page 2


    I.O. of G.T.--The lodge of his order in Jacksonville appears to be in a flourishing condition. It numbers 36 members, and the organization is sustained with much interest. Temperance is a good thing, and the order throughout the state have raised many a weak and erring brother to usefulness.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 2, 1869, page 2


    POSSESSED BY A DEVIL.--Last week a poor miserable man, whose appetite is stronger than his reason, started on a spree. He sold his furniture, bedding, clock, clothing--everything--literally stripping his family, who took refuge with some friends, and drank up the proceeds. On Tuesday night he was verging on delirium tremens--a homeless wanderer, with no place to lay his head, and as wretched a looking wreck of decency as eye ever saw. He was furnished some food and given temporary lodging in the station house. Certainly a demon must possess the breast of any man who will thus act, and we can only say, God pity him!
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 6, 1869, page 3


Jackson County Prohibition Convention.
    MEDFORD, April 30.--Prohibition speaking throughout Jackson County last week resulted in a county convention here today. A full ticket was nominated. For representatives--D. H. Hawkins, of Ashland, E. F. Walker, of Medford, and W. W. Miller, of Eagle Point; county judge--Fred T. Downing, of Central Point; sheriff--W. W. Willits, of Flounce Rock; county clerk--David C. Herrin, of Medford; treasurer--C. B. Kingsbury, of Ashland; assessor--C. H. Gillette, of Ashland; school superintendent--Lake France, Sams Valley; commissioners--Charles Carney, of Eagle Point, and L. A. Rose, of Phoenix; surveyor--W. H. Newton, Gold Hill; coroner--Dr. George Kahler, Phoenix. There was a ratification meeting tonight.
Oregonian, Portland, May 1, 1888, page 2


    The "passing of the drunkard" is noted in the industrial world. Complicated machinery, requiring steady hands and clear brains to work it; electricity, demanding in its handling that men shall have their wits about them; steam, to which railway coaches and cars transporting hundreds of thousands of sleeping passengers and millions of tons of valuable merchandise from place to place are attached, require strong nerves and a clear brain for their control, while the accounts of the transactions of business and commerce cannot be accurately rendered by men whose working forces of mind and body are strained and shattered by alcohol. The business world does not declare openly, perhaps, that it has no use for men who drink to excess, even periodically; but the fact that such men are seldom in these later years found in responsible vocations tells the story of the passing of the drunkard from business life in terms that cannot be mistaken.
"Brief Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 1, 1899, page 1


    Ashland's council last week adopted three ordinances relating to the liquor traffic. One provides for a "restrictive list" of chronic drunks or indigents with their families, and after the council has declared them such there is a penalty of $10 to $50 for any licensed saloon selling liquors to these parties. The others relate to the issuance of liquor licenses and the regulating of saloons. Minors and women are prohibited from entering a saloon. The method of securing a license is radically changed. It provides that the applicant must first secure a majority of the real estate owning taxpayers and residents of Ashland. All licenses expire January 14 of each year. The saloon interests were not consulted in regard to the ordinance.--[Record.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 22, 1899, page 3


    Ashland is having an interesting time with the saloon question. A remonstrance against granting any saloon licenses, signed by 214 legal voters and 241 women, was presented at the council meeting Monday evening. The highest number of votes polled at any city election was 407. Four applications for renewal of license were before the council, but each lacked the requisite number of legal signatures, according to an ordinance previously passed, and the licenses were not granted. The matter was held open for further examination, however. Two of the saloons which failed to obtain license have closed and the others keep open, but, it is said, do not sell liquor. If all saloon licenses shall be refused, an extra tax levy of 5½ mills on property will be necessary. There is a disposition to raise the license fee from $400 to $600 or $800.
Gold Hill News, January 27, 1900, page 4


Jackson County Prohibitionists.
    MEDFORD, Or., Feb. 12.--The county prohibition convention held here Saturday afternoon declared for the single issue of the prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquor as a beverage. The following county ticket was nominated: Representatives, C. H. Hoxie, Medford, and William Wydow, Central Point; county judge, A. S. Jacobs, Central Point; county commissioner, W. A. Cordell, Ashland; clerk, S. J. Day, Jacksonville; sheriff, J. W. Marksburg, Gold Hill; treasurer, Rev. E. Russ, Medford; recorder, J. S. Downy, Ashland; assessor, W. W. Estes, Talent; school superintendent, J. M. Horton, Jacksonville; surveyor, A. Andrews, Medford; coroner, J. W. Odgers, Medford. S. J. Day, Rev. E. Russ and J. M. Horton were elected as the county central committee. Active work will begin at once, and the assistance of J. G. Woolley, the noted temperance orator, is expected in May.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 13, 1900, page 4


    The licenses of the six saloons of Ashland expired at midnight on Tuesday, and the council which met Tuesday evening, following out the course which was expected of it in view of the advisory vote on the question at the recent city election against the further licensing of the sale of intoxicants, refused to even receive or consider the petitions presented by several saloon keepers for renewal of their licenses, one of which it is reported contained the names of more than a majority of the legal voters of the city, and ordered the license fees tendered, amounting to $1200, returned. No liquors are now being sold at the saloons, and the bars are all reported "dry," as far as intoxicants are concerned.

"Brevities," Ashland Tidings, January 17, 1901, page 3


    Ashland will not be a dry town, according to reports received from there this week. The city council has granted a liquor license to the proprietors of the Hotel Oregon, and will undoubtedly grant similar licenses to the other saloons. The city voted to abolish the saloons at their last municipal election. The report is also circulated to the effect that over $4000 has been contributed by wholesale liquor dealers in San Francisco and Portland to contest the matter in the courts, should the city decline to issue the license when the applications were made.
"Additional Local," Medford Mail, January 18, 1901, page 6


    The Valley Record says that Ashland has had fifteen days of prohibition law, and though retail liquor-selling has been abolished, no one is suffering for the want of it. Several ex-saloon keepers have informed chief of police Brunk that they will sell liquors to him, the mayor or councilmen by the gallon. The authorities have not yet moved in the matter, presumably taking their time.
    Ashland, according to the Portland Mercury, will not be a dry town, according to reports received from there this week. The city council has granted a liquor license to the proprietors of Hotel Oregon, and will probably grant similar licenses to the other saloons. The report is also circulated to the effect that over $4,000 has been contributed by wholesale liquor dealers in San Francisco and Portland to contest the matter in the courts, should the city decline to issue licenses.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 7, 1901, page 3


    Fleming Bros., who are traveling overland through the country with the Edison Waragraph machine, gave an entertainment at the Medford opera house Monday evening. Owing to the fact that the entertainment was not well advertised they did not have a large house, but the exhibition was good throughout and thoroughly enjoyed. A feature in itself well worth the price of admission was the scenic production of Mrs. Carrie Nation on one of her celebrated joint-smashing crusades.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, May 24, 1901, page 7


    The state president of the W.C.T.U. will deliver a lecture at the Presbyterian Church Saturday evening, June 1st, on the subject of "Mrs. Nation and Her Hatchet." You can't afford to miss this opportunity to hear this gifted lady.
"Additional Local," Medford Mail, May 31, 1901, page 6


    The supreme court on Monday handed down a decision sustaining the action of the circuit court, in what is known as the Ashland liquor cases. The defendants, Jesse Houck and Joseph Dame, were convicted before Justice Berry, of Ashland, for violating the ordinance against selling liquor in that city. They appealed to the circuit court and Judge Hanna sustained the justice. Appeal was then taken to the supreme court which has just decided as above. The effect of this decision will be to establish a precedent whereby municipal incorporations may vote the town "wet or dry" at will.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, November 29, 1901, page 7


    Ashland had a city election on Tuesday, the issue being the same as it was last year, to wit: Whether saloons should or should not be licensed. The litigation resulting from the success last year of the anti-saloon party and the consequent refusal of the city council to grant license to saloons was finally disposed of a few weeks ago by the decision of the supreme court, upholding the action of the lower courts in finding for the city in the contention. Tuesday's election resulted in electing two prohibition and two license councilmen, together with a license mayor. The two councilmen which hold over are prohibitionists--hence the town will be "dry" for another year.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, December 20, 1901, page 7


Prohibition Ticket in Jackson.
    MEDFORD, March. 6.--The Prohibition ticket for Jackson County was held here yesterday, and the following ticket put in the field. Senator, H. D. Hawkins, Ashland; Representatives, Rev. E. B. Lockhart, Central Point, and C. E. Hoskins, Gold Hill; Joint Representative, Rev. C. H. Hoxie, Medford County Clerk, E. C. Wolfer, Medford; Recorder, G. T. Richards, Medford; Sheriff, L. F. Lozier, Medford; Treasurer, H. J. Boosey, Jacksonville; Assessor, H. S. Brumble, Medford; Coroner, A. W. Jacobs, Ashland.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, March 7, 1902, page 4


    The prohibition alliance of Medford will meet at Academy Hall next Monday evening at 8 o'clock.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, August 1, 1902, page 7


    Mayor Grant, of Ashland, has appointed A. L. Kitchen, president of the Ashland Anti-Saloon League, a special officer to enforce the city ordinances against the selling of liquor, and gambling. It is a notorious fact that the granite city's prohibition laws do not prohibit, and strong effort will now be made to enforce them.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, November 21, 1902, page 7


    It is the will of our people that we license no saloons, and the necessary resultant is, there are none; as for Ashland--well, I've heard that even the hydrants send forth a stream of "booze," if you turn the faucet with the right pressure.
"Talent News Items," Medford Mail, December 5, 1902, page 5


Ashland Will Have Saloons.
    Ashland's council, in accordance with the result of the late municipal election, has decided to allow the opening of saloons in that city. The vote was a tie; but Mayor Provost cast the deciding vote in favor of license. The minimum rate is $800 a year, which is high enough to restrict the number of saloons to three or four. This is a sensible solution of the problem which has rent Ashland during the past two years. Nearly if not quite as much liquor was privately consumed there as when saloons were allowed to run wide open, and the city lost the revenue that would otherwise have been obtained by license, only to be raised by taxation. Prohibition has not prohibited any more in Ashland than elsewhere.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 14, 1903, page 2


    A majority of 24 voters declared for a "dry town" [in Ashland] at the annual city election held today, the vote being 282 for license and 306 against.
"Ashland Goes Dry," Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 16, 1903, page 4


    The present prohibition campaign in Jackson County is not a recent growth, but dates from pioneer days when the first settlers in this valley took up the cause of temperance with quite as much vigor as characterizes the advocates of today. The first temperance society in Southern Oregon was organized in Jacksonville in the spring of 1856, and was a lodge of the Sons of Temperance, an order that at that time was quite extensive in the United States.
"Oregon Sidelights," Oregon Journal, Portland, November 4, 1904, page 4


Anti-Saloon Workers Organize.
    At a meeting of anti-saloon workers held at Ashland Monday, Rev. H. C. Brown was elected chairman and Rev. F. W. Carstens secretary. The executives committee offered the following recommendation, which was adopted:
    That this committee organize a permanent committee to be known as "The Jackson County Anti-Saloon
Committee," that it shall have as a nucleus an executive committee of fifteen members at large, and that these shall be empowered to select and appoint from one to three members from each precinct in the county, the first one named to be chairman, etc. The chair then appointed the following committee on nominations for the central committee: Rev. R. C. Blackwell, of Medford; J. Merley, of Central Point, and Mr. Judy, of Butte Creek.
Medford Mail, November 18, 1904, page 1


Medford Is Half and Half.
    MEDFORD, Or., Dec. 2.--J. C. Hall, a saloon man of this city, whose place of business is in the "wet" precinct, is applying for license to sell liquor for one year, and the Prohibitionists are working with a remonstrance trying to prohibit his obtaining it. When the Prohibitionists, who lost out in North Medford, and the saloon men, who lost out in South Medford, both went before County Judge Dunn, trying to have the recent election contested, the Judge decided that according to the statutes of Oregon he could make no decision, therefore would take no action. The election thus stands as the returns show, leaving one-half of the city "wet" and the other half "dry."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 3, 1904, page 4


Medford Saloon Men Win.
    MEDFORD, Or., Dec. 7.--(Special.)--At the Medford City Council meeting last night Young & Hall, proprietors of the Medford saloon, won a decisive victory over the prohibition forces of this district, the occasion being a hearing on their application for a renewal of their license. It was a significant fact that their petition contained 327 names as against 134 names on the remonstrance, the majority of the business men and larger property owners of the community appearing on the petition for the license.
    Although the prohibitionist leaders attended and addressed the meeting, the sentiment of the Council was clearly in favor of granting the license, and this was done by unanimous vote.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 8, 1904, page 6


No Reading Room.
    MEDFORD, Ore., August 6, 1906.--Medford has no place where the laboring man can spend a few hours profitably and pleasantly. The pool rooms, saloon and the gambling dens are the only places that solicit their presence and offer accommodations and attractions. If the professed Christian people would work as diligently for their cause as the saloon man does for his these conditions would not exist. It is not expected of merchants to arrange seats for the people and entertain them, but it does appear to me that a town the size of Medford, with its thrift, growth and enthusiasm, with its various churches and large membership, should have a reading room, where we could spend a few hours intelligently, though not necessarily an expensive one. I believe the citizens and business men of city and country, when they seriously consider the subject, will favor the same. I am not a pool player or a saloon patron, but on the other side vigorously opposed to both. I do not censure the saloon keeper as severely as some do. I believe some of them will contribute liberally and cheerfully to the much-needed enterprise. I have never known a saloon keeper that was a Christian or even professed to be, but have known scores of men who do profess to be Christians who will on election day vote for men who make the laws that legalizes the saloon to make the drunkard, and then criticize the saloon. It isn't the saloon man who is the most to censure. The church people hold the balance of power, and if they would vote to suppress the cursed traffic instead of making it lawful our cities would be in much better condition and the criminal records would be greatly reduced. I have no vote for the saloon, but have five dollars for a reading room.
LABORER.
Medford Mail, August 10, 1906, page 1


Liquor Issue in Jackson.
    ASHLAND, Or., Feb. 2.--(Special.)--One of the most potent political organizations in the forthcoming campaign in Jackson County promises to be the anti-saloon movement, the leaders of which are girding on their armor. They announce their intention of carrying the war against the saloon into every precinct of Jackson County. Ashland's "dry" vote at the recent city election has unquestionably given an impetus to the movement to put the whole county "dry," and many believe that the prohibitionists have a good chance of carrying the day. Medford, heretofore a strong saloon and license town, it is said, has seen a great change in sentiment, and the vote there under the local option law in June promises to be pretty evenly divided.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 3, 1908, page 14


Temperance Rally
    Sunday morning at the Presbyterian church Rev. J. R. Knodell, organizer of the Anti-Saloon League movement for the state of Oregon and whose headquarters are at Portland, preached on the subject: "The Man with a Vision." He showed from numerous biblical and historical facts that those who have wrought reforms revolutionized labor by successful inventions, and rendered other invaluable services to their age, are those who, holding an ideal steadily in mind, have amidst discouragement and seeming defeat established the ideal as the real.
    A main meeting at the opera house Sunday afternoon filled the main audience room to overflowing and was largely representative of the business interests of the city. Selecting as his topic "The Saloon and Business," Rev. Knodell demonstrated that the saloon was a detriment to business by developing the points:
    1--The saloon increases crime, and hence taxation must be higher. 1--The union increases the number of insane, and hence there are more helpless women and children. 3--The saloon destroys men, hence it destroys business. 4--On comparison of cities having saloons with those having none, it is a fact that where the saloon is driven out civic improvements are better, educational influences are higher and business is equally good.
    By most stringent measures the saloons have been driven out of McMinnville, Albany, Eugene, Ashland and other cities of our state, while in the southern and eastern states row after row of counties have gone dry, these affording the careful observer abundant opportunity to formulate for himself opinions as to the success of Local Option where it is in force.
    Prominent citizens were given an opportunity to voice their sentiments from the platform.
    H. C. Garnett, hardware merchant, "The time has come to line up on this proposition no matter what the personal sacrifice."
    C. H. Pierce, real estate dealer, "I receive many letters inquiring about the moral and religious advantages of this city." Mr. Pierce spoke quite at length upon the subject and voiced his sentiments plainly as to his opinion of what constituted moral and religious advantages.
    J. G. Gore, farmer: "It is most important that we provide the best environment for our growing families--the saloon affords the worst."
    J. S. Howard, "The evils of the saloon were forced upon me during my tenure of office as mayor. Then many women came to me begging me to do something to save their husbands from drink."
    H. H. Tuttle compared conditions in North Dakota before and after the saloon was driven out and gave it as his opinion that the absence of the saloon made better municipal and business conditions.
    J. K. Howard said that in Garfield, Washington, a town of fifteen hundred inhabitants, there were no saloons, the high school advantages are excellent, the main streets are paved, the water and sewerage systems are of the best and the taxation less than in Medford. Our city council has appropriated $60,000 for a water system and better high school privileges are sought, which will raise our taxation, a burden cheerfully born if we can drive out the saloons and better the conditions of our young people.
    W. P. Dodge said, "I've been burned out, flooded out, and passed through every calamity visited upon man, but the worst has been the almost destruction of my boy by the saloons. Ladies and gentlemen, friends and neighbors, I call on you to help me drive out the saloons and save my boy [John M. Dodge]."
    W. M. French made the statement that young girls from good families frequented the back rooms of saloons. "For the sake of the virtue of our young women and the manhood of our young men let us put out the saloon."
    J. F. Hutchason, merchant, sent his word, "I cannot be there, but tell them I'm opposed to the saloon."
    Sunday evening the opera house was filled upstairs as well as down and Mr. Knodell spoke on the subject, "The Retail Liquor Business a Crime." He quoted from Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, Roosevelt and David Starr Jordan, the Bible, history and the supreme court, to show that the liquor traffic is under the ban of our best and brightest men.
    Monday evening, February 3rd, at the M.E. church delegates from Ashland, Central Point, Gold Hill, Woodville, Eagle Point met for organization for the county campaign.
    A central committee was appointed and the efforts of Sunday and Monday resulted in an addition of $175 to the Anti-Saloon League Campaign Fund.
XXX.
Medford Mail, February 7, 1908, page 4


ASSAILS MEDFORD MAYOR
Dr. Brougher Says Official Is Tool of Liquor Interests.
    The liquor question and the fight for local option on the East Side was taken up by Dr. J. Whitcomb Brougher last night at the White Temple in his sermon on "Home Rule: Fighting for Home, Honor and Happiness." He said in part:
    The liquor men oppose with all their power the making of any laws regulating their business. If they cannot defeat the enactment of such laws then they defiantly or surreptitiously break them. This insolent disregard for all law has been one of the potent agencies for arousing public opinion against the saloon and the liquor business. The liquor men have no regard either for the laws of God or of man. In harmony with this principle of action, the liquor forces of the state are once again endeavoring to destroy our local option law. The Mayor of Medford, a tool of the liquor dealers, has presented an amendment to the Constitution of our state whereby it is proposed that incorporated towns and cities may have what he terms "home rule." The real purpose of this amendment is to nullify all the criminal laws of the state as far at cities and towns are concerned. Now  here are several reasons why I am opposed to this amendment.
    A little town of 200 people could incorporate and run saloons and dens of vice in the midst of a county where the overwhelming majority of the people were opposed to the liquor business. A county might vote "dry" but 125 voters in a town of 200 citizens could vote to have the saloons in that town and thus force upon the people of the entire county to accept the presence of saloons and also make the people of that county, bear the entire expense of the poverty, crime and misery produced by the damnable business.
    In the second place, this proposed amendment would permit the lawless element to control the whole question of regulating the saloon, the gambling den and all other places of vice. The people who are willing to make a living by debauching and destroying the boys and girls of our cities and towns would virtually be beyond the power of the state to control. They could run wide-open towns by colonizing enough votes to carry the town "wet" and by electing their own officers, absolutely ignore all public sentiment for moral decency and once again be in a place where they could defiantly ask the people, "What are you going to do about it?"
    To pass this amendment would mean the nullification of our local option law and place the whole state in the hands of the gamblers, the dive keepers, liquor dealers and the entire horde of corrupt politicians who in the past have lived by graft and the exploitation of city vices.
    1 am opposed to this amendment because it is proposed by those who have no regard for the moral welfare of the community. There is not a solitary moral argument in favor of this amendment. The whole purpose is to once again put the government of our towns and cities into the bands of the immoral forces. The people who believe in the progress of our state, commercially, morally, intellectually and politically will work and vote against this amendment. The friends of local option need to be aroused. The people need to understand that this proposed amendment is simply a deception both in its wording and in its purpose. In the wide sweep of temperance reform across the country, Oregon will have a foremost place. The people now have an opportunity to defeat this amendment with such an overwhelming majority that the liquor dealers will learn that it is a waste of time and money for them to attempt to destroy our local option law or dodge the enforcement of it when once the people in a district or county have decided that the saloon must go.
    There is not a solitary moral argument in favor of the saloon. It is a lawless business and the center of lawlessness and crime. It pauperizes labor and destroys its efficiency. It injures business, for there are hundreds of towns that can testify to the large increase of business where  the saloons have been abolished. It is the most deadly foe ever conceived of the American home. Shame, disgrace and degradation follow in its wake. No government can afford to take revenue from a traffic that causes ten times as much expense to take care of its results as it brings revenue to the government. What shall it profit a town, a county or a state to gain revenue and debauch its citizenship? I trust the people will vote "No" to the Reddy amendment and at the same time wipe out the saloons on the East Side by an overwhelming majority.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 4, 1908, page 2


Sunday School Pupils Parade.
    MEDFORD, Or., May 30.--(Special.)--Headed by the band and carrying banners with inscriptions "Save Our Boys; Protect Our Girls," "A Dry Town Is a Live Town," etc., and wearing placards "Vote Out the Saloon," 250 Sunday school pupils, accompanied by their teachers, made demonstrations for prohibition this afternoon. The body was assembled at the park and marched down Seventh Street, halting at three of the business corners where they formed the letter "S" and sang songs in the cause.
Sunday Oregonian, Portland, May 31, 1908, page 7


JACKSON VOTES OUT SALOONS
The Count Indicates 300 Lead for Chamberlain.
    MEDFORD, Or., June 2.--(Special.)--Official count from 21 of Jackson County's 33 precincts, Medford not included, gives Cake 874, Chamberlain 1008, Hammersley 943, Kubli 879, Miller 889, Purdin 782. The two latter are Statement No. 1 men and the final count in Medford may place Purdin in the lead of Hammersley, in which case both Statement No. 1 men will be elected. Little local interest has centered in Hawley, and for that reason there are no figures to be had on his vote here.
    Prohibition has 1154 and anti-prohibition 881. The Medford count cannot possibly change the result, though there will be a majority in favor of the saloons. Anti-prohibitionists gave up the fight at noon today. The election of county officers is conceded to Dunn, as County Judge; Jones, Sheriff, Democrat; Coleman, Clerk; Percy Wells, School Superintendent; James Cronemiller, Treasurer, and Burnett, Recorder. Medford and Ashland have not yet completed the counting.
Medford Oregon, Portland, June 3, 1908, page 5


TAKE CUE FROM MEDFORD
Other Jackson County Towns Try to Nullify Local Option Election.
    JACKSONVILLE, Or., July 2.--(Special.)--J. M. Whipple and Ole Olson, of Woodville and Gold Hill, respectively, have begun injunction proceedings to restrain the County Court of Jackson County from declaring prohibition in force in those towns. Other injunctions will follow preventing the court from extending the order to any precinct in the county.
    The temperance people carried the county for prohibition by an overwhelming majority, after a spirited campaign, only to find the condition of the county now worse than before the election. If these injunctions are sustained there will be no dry precincts in Jackson County. These complications all grow out of the fact that the Medford city charter contains a clause giving the city power to regulate saloons within the incorporation, irrespective of any state law that may exist on that subject.

Morning Oregonian,
Portland, July 3, 1908, page 6



    ANTI-SALOON CASE.
    Attorney W. M. Colvig, who returned Sunday from Salem, where he went in the interests of the advancement of the anti-saloon appeal case, reports that he was unsuccessful in having the case advanced to a hearing in the supreme court before the usual summer vacation of the court, but he was successful, however, in having the case placed for the very first one on the docket of the opening of that court on October 7.
    This means that Jackson County will still be "wet," at least until the appeal has been heard. This is not just what Mr. Colvig had hoped for, but when Judge Bean gave him an idea of the amount of work that court had ahead of it, he considered himself fortunate in getting the date fixed as early as he did.
Medford Mail, August 7, 1908, page 5


Oregon Town Wins Fight
    SALEM, Ore., Oct. 27.--The supreme court of Oregon decided in effect today that a city may elect to remain "wet" after the county in which it is located, or the whole state for that matter, had voted in favor of prohibition. The local option statute provides that the question of prohibition shall be submitted to a vote of the people. There is also an act which provides that amendments to the charter of a city may be made by popular vote. Jackson County, as a whole, elected to become a "dry" county. Medford, a city in that county, conferred upon its council subsequently the power to regulate the liquor traffic inside the municipal boundary.
Los Angeles Herald, October 27, 1908


CITY CONTROLS SALE OF LIQUOR
Medford Exempt From Local Option Law, So Supreme Court Decides.
SPECIAL CHARTER CLAUSE
Estacada and Condon Only Other Oregon Towns Enjoying Special Privilege Granted by Legislature in Session of 1905.
    SALEM, Or., Oct. 27.--(Special.)--That the charter of the city of Medford, enacted by the Legislature in 1905, permits the city to license the sale of liquor notwithstanding the county of Jackson voted dry at the election of 1908, was declared by the Supreme Court today in the case of J. C. Hall against the County Court of Jackson County. Justice F. A. Moore wrote the opinion of the court, affirming the decision by Circuit Judge H. K. Hanna.
Special Charter for Medford
    Briefly stated, the facts are that the local option law was adopted in 1904 permitting the people to vote by precincts or by counties on the liquor question. In 1905 the legislature amended the Medford charter authorizing that city, among other things, to license the sale of liquor irrespective of any general law of the state on this subject enacted by the Legislature or by the people at large. In 1908 the liquor question was submitted in Jackson County as a whole and the county went "dry" by a vote of 2138 to 1881. At that time J. C. Hall held a saloon license in Medford, and when the County Court was about to enter an order prohibiting the sale of liquor in Jackson County he brought an injunction suit to enjoin the County Court from so doing so far as the mandate might affect the City of Medford. A demurrer interposed by the defendants was overruled and the injunction made permanent; whereupon the County Court appealed. After stating the facts at some length, the opinion of the Court holds that this is a proper case for the exercise of jurisdiction by an equity court, and then says:
Exempt from Local Option Law.
    The Legislative Assembly, when not interdicted by amendments to the organic law of the state is a law-making body of co-ordinate authority with the people when the latter exercise the initiative power which they have reserved. The Legislature, evidently reaching this conclusion, at the next session after the enactment of the local option law, granted to several municipalities charters, in some of which it was provided that the power conferred to license the sale of intoxicating liquors should be subject to the provisions of the local option liquor law. A clause to that effect appears in the charter of Brownsville, of Halsey and of Junction City. Other charters were granted at the same time containing clauses which were evidently intended to exempt certain municipalities from the operation of the provisions of the local option enactment. Thus the charter of Condon stipulates:
Specific in Condon's Charter.
    No provisions of the law concerning the sale of . . . liquor in Gilliam County or any law of the state of Oregon now or hereafter enacted, shall apply to the sale of the same in the City of Condon.
    The charters of Estacada and Medford contain similar provisions.
    It is quite probable that the attempt thus to exempt the cities of Condon, Estacada and Medford from the provisions of the local option law, and to prevent any further encroachments thereon, impelled the amendment (in 1906) of section 2 of article 11 of the organic law of the state, so as to prohibit the  Legislative Assembly from enacting, amending or repealing any municipal charter, and also induced the granting of such power to the legal voters of every city and town, but limiting their authority; in such enactments as might contravene the constitution or subvert the criminal laws of the state. The local option liquor enactment has been held to be a criminal law, the provisions of which cannot be violated by the electors of a municipality in legislating in respect to a city charter.
    The opinion also holds that the amended Medford charter expressly repeals the local option law so far as it applies to Medford and that it would have such effect by implication if it did not expressly.
Decision Not of Wide Effect.
    The decision of the Supreme Court, in the Medford liquor case is not of very wide effect, since the decision can apply only to Medford, Condon and Estacada. These were the only cities that had charter bills passed in 1905 giving them control of the liquor traffic, and since that time it has been impossible for any other city to secure a charter of that kind. In 1906 the amendment was adopted giving cities exclusive power to adopt their charters, "subject to the Constitution and criminal laws of the state."
    The Supreme Court had held that the local option law is a criminal law, and no city charter adopted since 1906 can evade the local option law. Even these three cities can be voted "dry" by an amendment to their charters.
    The Anti-Saloon people have taken great interest in the Medford case, assuming that the decision that would be rendered by the Supreme Court would be of sweeping effect. It is said that the Anti-Saloon people spent considerable money fighting the case and that they are considerably wrought up over the decision. As a matter of fact, the decision is of consequence and can be of consequence in only the three cities mentioned. To illustrate the situation under the law and the decisions that have been rendered:
Special Privilege Limited.
    Albany is a city in a "dry" county. If the city should attempt to amend its charter so as to authorize the sale of liquor, the charter would be invalid in that respect, because in contravention of that section of the Constitution which provides that city charters must be "subject to the constitution and criminal laws of the state." In the case of Fouts vs. Hood River, the Supreme Court held that the local option law is a criminal law. If a large number of cities had obtained charters in 1905 granting them the power to license the sale of liquor, regardless of the local option law, the decision would have had a wide effect, but a search of the records shows that only these three cities, whose charters were enacted in that year, contained the clause granting this power. There were several cities whose charters of that year authorized the licensing of saloons, but they did not expressly annul the effect of the local option law, and the Supreme Court holds in the case of Renshaw vs. the City of Eugene that these charters were merely reenactments of existing charters and did not take the cities out from under the limitations of the local option law.
    All charters enacted prior to 1905 were superseded by the local option law, so far as control of the liquor trade is concerned in a town in "dry" territory. All charters enacted since 1905 are controlled by the provision that all charters must be "subject to the criminal laws of the state." Only those charters enacted in 1905 which expressly exempted the cities from the provisions of the state liquor laws had the effect of evading the local option law [and], as shown above, there were three of these, Medford, Condon and Estacada. The people of these three cities can make them dry by amending their charters, so as to make them subject to the criminal laws of the state.

Oregonian, Portland, October 28, 1908, page 7



MEDFORD STILL WET.
The Supreme Court Handed Down Decision Tuesday.
    Word was received in Medford yesterday to the effect that the [state] supreme court had upheld the decision of circuit judge Hanna enjoining the county court of Jackson County from declaring the result of the majority of votes at the last June election in the county in favor of prohibition, insofar as it affected the city of Medford.
    The injunction case was brought by J. C. Hall, a saloonkeeper in this city. His attorneys were Robert G. Smith, E. E. Kelly and Snow & McCamant of Portland, while attorney W. M. Colvig represented the prohibitionists. The decision was based on the fact that the city charter was passed by the legislature since the referendum law, and where two laws conflict, as the court claims, the last one passed is the one to be taken.
    There are now two courses open to those who are determined to continue the fight for a dry town. One is to get a bill through the legislature at the next session reaffirming the referendum law and the other is to elect the majority of the councilmen in the city at the next election. The latter course will probably be the one taken. The next city election will be held in January.
Medford Mail, October 29, 1908, page 1


MEDFORD CHARTER.
Made Basis of Decision in Liquor Case.
    SALEM, Or., Oct. 28.--That the charter of the city of Medford, enacted by the legislature in 1905, permits the city to license the sale of liquor notwithstanding the county of Jackson voted "dry" at the election of 1908, was declared by the Supreme Court yesterday in the case of J. C. Hall against the county court of Jackson County. Justice F. A. Moore wrote the opinion of the court, affirming the decision by Circuit Judge H. K. Hanna.
Special Charter for Medford.
    Briefly stated, the facts are that the local option law was adopted in 1904 permitting the people to vote by precincts or by counties on the liquor question. In 1905 the legislature amended the Medford charter authorizing that city, among other things, to license the sale of liquor "irrespective of any general law of the state on this subject enacted by the legislature or by the people at large." In 1908 the liquor question was submitted in Jackson County as a whole, and the county went "dry" by a vote of 2138 to 1881. At that time J. C. Hall held a saloon license in Medford, and when the county court was about to enter an order prohibiting the sale of liquor in Jackson County he brought an injunction suit to enjoin the county court from so doing so far as the mandate might affect the city of Medford. A demurrer interposed by the defendants was overruled and the injunction made permanent, whereupon the county court appealed. After stating the facts at some length, the opinion of the court holds that this is a proper case for the exercise of jurisdiction by an equity court and then says:
Exempt from Local Option Law.
    "The legislative assembly, when not interdicted by amendments to the organic law of the state, is a lawmaking body of coordinate authority with the people when the latter exercise the initiative power which they have reserved. The legislature, evidently reaching this conclusion at the next session after the enactment of the local option law, granted to several municipalities charters, in some of which it was provided that the power conferred, to license the sale of intoxicating liquors, should be subject to the provisions of the local option liquor law. A clause to that effect appears in the charter of Brownsville, of Halsey and of Junction City. Other charters were granted at the same time, containing clauses which were evidently intended to exempt certain municipalities from the operation of the provisions of the local option enactment. Thus the charter of Condon stipulates:
Specific in Condon's Charter.
    "'No provisions of the law concerning the sale of . . . liquor in Gilliam County or any law of the state of Oregon now or hereafter enacted shall apply to the sale of the same in the city of Condon.'
    "The charters of Estacada and Medford contain similar provisions.
    "It is quite probable that the attempt thus to exempt the cities of Condon, Estacada and Medford from the provisions of the local option law, and to prevent any further encroachments thereon impelled the amendment (in 1906) of section 2 of article 11 of the organic law of the state, so as to prohibit the legislative assembly from enacting, amending or repealing any municipal charter, and also induced the granting of such power to the legal voters of every city and town, but limiting their authority in such enactments as might contravene the constitution or subvert the criminal laws of the state. The local option liquor enactment has been held to be a criminal law, the provisions of which cannot be violated by the electors of a municipality in legislating in respect to a city charter."
    The opinion also holds that the amended Medford charter expressly repeals the local option law so far as it applies to Medford, and that it would have such effect by implication if it did not expressly.
Decision Not of Wide Effect.
    The decision of the Supreme Court in the Medford liquor case is not of a very wide effect, since the decision can apply only to Medford, Condon and Estacada. These were the only cities that had charter bills passed in 1905 giving them control of the liquor traffic, and since that time it has been impossible for any other city to secure a charter of that kind. In 1906 the amendment was adopted giving cities exclusive power to adopt their charters, "subject to the constitution and criminal laws of the state."
    The Supreme Court had held that the local option law is a criminal law, and no city charter adopted since 1906 can evade the local option law. Even these three cities can be voted "dry" by an amendment to their charters.
    The anti-saloon people have taken great interest in the Medford case, assuming that the decision that would be rendered by the Supreme Court would be of sweeping effect. It is said that the anti-saloon people spent considerable money fighting the case and that they are considerably wrought up over the decision. As a matter of fact, the decision is of consequence and can be of consequence in only the three cities mentioned. To illustrate the situation under the law and the decisions that have been rendered:
Special Privilege Limited.
    Albany is a city in a "dry" county. If the city should attempt to amend its charter so as to authorize the sale of liquor, the charter would be invalid in that respect, because [it would be] in contravention of that section of the constitution which provides that city charters must be "subject to the constitution and criminal laws of the state." In the case of Fouts vs. Hood River, the Supreme Court held that the local option law is a criminal law. If a large number of cities had obtained charters in 1905 granting them the power to license the sale of liquor, regardless of the local option law, the decision would have had a wide effect, but a search of the records shows that only these three cities whose charters were enacted in that year contained the clause granting this power. There were several cities whose charters of that year authorized the licensing of saloons, but they did not expressly annul the effect of the local option law, and the Supreme Court holds in the case of Renshaw vs. the City of Eugene that these charters were merely reenactments of existing charters and did not take the cities out from under the limitations of the local option law.
    All charters enacted prior to 1905 were superseded by the local option law, so far as control of the liquor traffic is concerned in a town in "dry" territory. All charters enacted since 1905 are controlled by the provision that all charters must be "subject to the criminal laws of the state." Only those charters enacted in 1905 which expressly exempted the cities from the provisions of the state liquor laws had the effect of evading the local option law; as shown above, there were three of these, Medford, Condon and Estacada. The people of these three cities can make them dry by amending their charters, so as to make them subject to the criminal laws of the state.
Medford Mail, November 5, 1908, page 4


MEDFORD PROHIS ACTIVE
Propose to Amend City Charter So as to Make Town "Dry."
    MEDFORD, Or., Dec. 14.--(Special.)--On account of the decision of the Supreme Court, in which it was decided that because of a clause in the Medford city charter, territory within its corporate limits was exempt from any law that might be passed by the people at large regarding the sale of liquor, prohibitionists have made efforts toward having the city charter changed at the coming session of the Legislature. They are circulating a petition among the legal voters of the city, and already 200 names have been secured.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 15, 1908, page 20


MEDFORD STILL AN OASIS
Prohibition Defeated in Southern Oregon Town by Decisive Vote.
    MEDFORD, Or., Jan. 12.--(Special.)--In the liveliest election ever held in this city prohibition was defeated. Both sides have worked hard during the campaign, but so quietly was the matter carried on that neither side would venture this morning to make a guess as to the outcome.
    Medford, by its remarkable charter giving it the right to govern its political affairs, which charter was sustained by the Supreme Court of the state, had remained the only "oasis" in the south part of the state. The prohibitionists firmly believed that a vote of the people would decide the matter for some time, and fully confident of the outcome in their favor, they entered the campaign.
    The vote was the largest in the history of the city on a city question, 925 votes being cast.
    W. H. Canon was elected Mayor, John Demmer, V. J. Emerick and E. A. Welch were elected Councilmen. Prohibition was defeated by 127 majority, and the attempt to amend the charter to make it comply with the local option law was defeated by a majority of 170.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 13, 1909, page 1


MEDFORD STAYS WET
127 Majority for Saloons--Ballot Box Stuffing Alleged--Canon Wins
    Medford will be "wet" territory for awhile yet. The question was the sole issue in the annual municipal election Tuesday, which resulted in the people giving 127 majority for licensing saloons during the coming year and electing the license ticket, including W. H. Canon for mayor, by a margin of 8 votes, and Messrs. Welch, Emerick and Demmer for councilmen. The proposed amendment to the charter to make it conform to the state local option law was defeated by a majority of 167 votes. The total vote cast was the largest ever shown in a city election in Medford, viz: 924.
Election Laws Outraged.
    The Medford Mail of yesterday says:
    Charging that scores of illegal votes were cast and that wagonloads of men from points outside the city were brought into Medford to vote at yesterday's election, the prohibition leaders will conduct a searching investigation during the next few days, and if the evidence can be secured to justify taking the matter into the court, a contest of the result of the election will be instituted.
    That the miners from the Blue Ledge Mine--who have no actual residence, nor ever have had, in Medford--were brought in and voted is the claim put forth by the leaders on the dry side. They further claim that miners from the coal mine were brought in to participate in the election and that they cast their votes, some of them even after they were challenged by the prohibition leaders.
    More than that, it is alleged that people from other towns in the county were voted by the liquor interests. The men in charge of the "dry" campaign assert that they were able to prove that citizens of Ashland voted at the polls. In fact, several Ashland people were challenged, and some of them did not have the temerity to swear their votes in. However, a considerable number did, according to the statements of the dry people.
    Beside these, there were a large number of floaters, whose residence nobody knows and who had never been seen in Medford before, who cast votes at the election. These are not all the instances of illegal voting set forth by the prohibitionists, and they claim that a sufficient number of such votes can be shown to have been cast to more that overbalance the majority of 127 against the prohibition.
Ashland Tidings, January 14, 1909, page 1



    Medford stays wet, the charter amendment is beaten by a decisive majority, W. H. Canon is elected mayor by a small majority, all three candidates on the business men's and taxpayers' ticket for councilmen are elected and the library tax carries by a good majority. Such is the result of the city election held yesterday after one of the most strenuous and bitter campaigns waged in the city of Medford.
    The majority against prohibition was a surprise to everyone, the "wets" having the best of the balloting by a majority of 127. Contrary to all expectations the wets carried every ward, the result being the closest in the second ward, where the vote stood 163 for and 179 against.
    On the amendment to the charter to make the local option law of the state apply to Medford a hot fight was waged, and the result shows that some of the believers in prohibition were affected by the argument of "home rule," urged by those who opposed the amendment. The amendment was defeated by a majority of 167. In the third [ward] the vote was almost two to one against the amendment, standing 356 for and 523 against.
Excerpt, "Prohibition and Charter Amendment Are Defeated," Medford Mail, January 15, 1909, page 1
The complete article is here.

Prohibition cartoon, March 23, 1909 Oregonian
March 23, 1909 Oregonian

Ashland and Medford

A Dry Town and a Wet Town Compared.

    The Medford Tribune made a hasty conclusion that the 14-mill tax levied by the city council of Ashland for the ensuing year was due to the no license policy for which Ashland is noted and immediately announced in big, black headlines that "Prohibition comes high."
    The liquor money has very little to do with the big levy made for city purposes for the ensuing year, unless it would be that the increased majority against the liquor business in Ashland at the city election on the 15th inst. may have inspired the city administration to inaugurate a forward movement and introduce municipal advantages on a broader scale and secure to the inhabitants of the city a more rapid introduction of public benefits than it had ever thought of undertaking under a liquor license administration.
    There is no particular necessity of getting an intoxicated idea of how much revenue the saloon license regime will bring to a city, and Ashland voters take a cool and collected estimate of its value and not a bloated one. It means about 1½ mills. On a valuation of $2,594,265, one and one-half mills will bring $3,891.40. One and two-thirds mills will yield $4,323.77.
    Ashland is not a heavy drinking community, and from the experience of past years by those engaged in the liquor business here, it is known that the business cannot stand any more than five saloons at the minimum license fee named in the charter, which is $800 per annum. As a practical demonstrated illustration that was the number of saloons and $4000 the amount of revenue raised the last saloon license year in Ashland and is the most reliable estimate for a basis of figuring.
    For a number of years it has been estimated that the saloon license revenue was equivalent to about 1½ mills or $1.50 on every $1000. Of course this leaves out of the question the respective benefits to be derived by the inhabitants of towns under an administration that gets its money from the taxable property of its people or levies on a certain institution for a specific amount in the nature of an annual bribe in return for its existence as a public institution.
    The prevailing idea at Medford has been that this institution has been its mainstay and not only the inspiration of its prosperity, but prosperity itself. The prevailing idea in Ashland has been that as an institution it is baneful, is destructive of the most substantial elements of a true and permanent prosperity, has forfeited its right to exist as a public institution, and therefore its money offering has no better standing than the $200,000 that Pat Calhoun gave Abe Ruef to scatter among the San Francisco supervisors to secure the overhead trolley franchise.
    An examination of the respective tax levies of the cities of Ashland and Medford and the purposes for which the taxpayers' money goes in the respective towns docs not disclose anything to the disadvantage of the judgment shown by the city of Ashland.
    An examination of the general finances of the two towns shows a history of bad management and bad blunders for Medford that has simply amazed its own thoughtful citizens, while the achievements of municipal enterprise in Ashland has been a history of unusual and extraordinary successes and its blunders have been few, scattered along in several years and amounting to such small sums that nobody but those who take a conservative interest in the history and records could recall them.
    We do not wish to seem to be out with a "hammer" after our neighboring town, because the prevailing judgment there seems to be an anxiety to get something for nothing--for that seems to be the license money motive, from the Ashland point of view, yet it is a known matter of record that our down the valley neighborhood was paying interest the first of this year on a bonded indebtedness of $100,000, and for the sum of $80,000 thereof it had not a thing to show, and that sum at least is rated as its monument to experiment and failure.
    The city tax levy (17½ mills) for the city of Medford for the coming year is distributed as follows: General fund for city purposes, 4 mills; interest fund 7½ mills; park fund, ½ mill; general sewer fund, 1 mill; street and road fund, 4½ mills; the total assessed valuation of property within the corporation is $2,481,135. An idea of the amount of Medford's 7½ mills for interest can be had from the fact that Ashland's total levy last year was six mills.--Ashland Valley Record.
*     *     *
    The city records show 192 arrests from the first of January last, to the present time, December 30. Of these 117 were for drunkenness and 62 were for fighting and using obscene and profane language in the places of business and on the streets of our city. Nine-tenths, at least, of these 62 arrests were due to the drunken conditions of the men. This makes, therefore, 173 arrests in Medford directly chargeable to the saloon from the first of January last to the present time. There were only 19 other arrests during the year and these for comparatively minor offenses, such as jumping on or off cars in motion, riding fast on the streets, begging, etc. Here, then, we have 90 percent of Medford's crime produced by the saloons. And, still more, 173 of our fellow-citizens made so drunk and so criminal by our 11 saloons that the police authorities of our city arrested them, dragged them through our streets and threw them into the city jail to sober up and appear before the city court. This is dishonoring to the manhood of our citizens, and no amount of money can compensate for the evil done to society. The number of arrests is only a small percentage of all the drunkenness during the year. If one was arrested for every ten drunk, then on that basis we have had 1730 drunken men in Medford during the year. To verify these facts go to the recorder's office and see the records; they are open to the public.--Medford Mail.
Oregon Teachers Monthly, March 1909, page 382


PROHIBITION IN JOSEPHINE.
How the System "Works Wet" in a Dry" County.
Grants Pass Observer.
    It is a little over a year since Josephine became "dry," and in that time there has been more whiskey drinking in the county than ever before. The prohibition leaders here know that, because they obtained a list of all shipments from the station agent, who was afterwards brought to task by his superior officers for giving the information. Anybody, man or boy, can send $3 to Portland and receive by express prepaid four quarts of whiskey. This is very much cheaper than whiskey could be bought in Grants Pass when the saloons were in operation, and it is probably safe to say that thousands of packages of intoxicants have been shipped to this city from other counties and states. That is not prohibition. Apart from the obtaining of liquors lawfully, there has never been a time during the "dry" period when intoxicants could not be bought in Grants Pass by those who knew the ropes. New "blind pigs" were opened to share in the traffic, and for a time liquor was sold practically openly. The large profits induced the risk. The seller has no license to pay of consequence, and he gets double the price for drinks. Beer at 10 cents for a reduced glass pans out money quickly when trade is good, and it pretty regularly is in Grants Pass. There are, too, blind pigs doing business in the rural districts at the same profitable rates, and no licenses to pay.
    Prohibition in Josephine County has failed dismally. The sum of it is that drinking goes on just the same and the city loses $6000 license fees and the county $3000. In the saloon days minors had difficulty in getting liquor, and few succeeded. Under prohibition many minors obtain intoxicants with out any difficulty. Half the people of the county hold the prohibition law in contempt, and it tends to breed contempt for all law. Men of average good character have engaged in the illegal traffic and criminalized themselves. A few have been punished, but the sale of liquor goes on and cannot be stopped. Prohibition makes criminals, and does no good, for those who want stimulants can easily get them, and those who do not want stimulants have no need of prohibition. Many people voted last year to bar other people from drinking while they fully intended to keep supplies for themselves. That is contemptible and hypocritical. There is nothing good in prohibition, and very many people who favored it last year do not favor it now.
    The road from here to Woodville, in Jackson County, is hedged with empty bottles. Thousands of dollars go to Medford for liquors. Gold Hill gets a share. People in the southern part of Josephine County now trade in Medford who never traded there before. The sawmills are closing down and the workmen scattering with full purses. Many of them will go to Medford for a good time. Grants Pass loses revenue, loses trade and gains nothing but new evils. The Observer's forecast has been abundantly verified. Prohibition could not be enforced in Canada, where laws are strict, and it cannot be enforced in this country where laws are loose. Under it the old evil continues in worse form and other evils are induced.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 28, 1909, page 8


TRY TO MAKE MEDFORD DRY
Plan to Place the Orchard City in the Prohibitory Precincts

    A Medford dispatch to the Portland Telegram of the 2nd inst. claims that as a part of the general campaign, the plans which are now being perfected in all the counties of the state to make Oregon a dry state, after the next general election, the Prohibitionists of Jackson County are preparing for a strenuous fight against the saloons in this county. At the last election, Jackson County went dry, but Medford, having a charter granted at the previous session of the Legislature that gave the city rights above that of the county in granting liquor licenses, a legal technicality was raised, and the courts declared the election illegal. From inside information that has become public, it is said that the temperance workers intend to have the prohibition question voted upon at the next general election, which will be in November, 1910.
    To avoid the legal complications that would ensue were Medford included and the vote taken on county prohibition, that town will be left out and the election will be had by a district made up of all the precincts of the county except the two in which Medford is located. If these precincts are made dry, then prohibition for Medford will be voted on at the municipal election the following January.
    The temperance workers claim that by this procedure they can make the election legal and thus force Jackson County into the list of dry counties of Oregon. The managers of the dry forces claim that they can easily carry these elections, as they have made a poll of the settlers within the last two or three years, and that two out of three of them are in favor of prohibition.
    Jackson County is now partially dry, the towns without saloons being Ashland, Talent, Phoenix, Central Point and Eagle Point. Medford leads the wet towns with 11 saloons, and Jacksonville has four, Gold Hill three and Woodville one. There are in the county two gallon-houses, as they are called. These are country saloons that operate under a United States license to sell liquor only by wholesale, and in quantities not less than a gallon. One of these gallon-houses is located on Poorman Creek, back of Jacksonville, and the other is on Rogue River adjoining the Josephine County line. This latter saloon is but six miles from Grants Pass, which, with Josephine County, has been dry since the election a year ago, and it is doing a land office business, supplying the thirsty from that town and other parts of Josephine County.
Ashland Tidings, September 6, 1909, page 8


    The platform adopted by the Prohibition Party at its recent state convention, held in Portland, contends that the better the saloon the more pernicious it becomes. Such an argument is wholly unsound and can only result in disfavor among thinking men who are doing all in their power to promote the cause of temperance. One may believe that all saloons are bad, but it is hard to conceive that the orderly, well-kept places can, by any process of reasoning, be deemed of greater detriment to the community than the dive.
Medford Saturday Review, June 25, 1910, page 2


    A little girl who attended the temperance lecture at the tabernacle Monday evening was much interested in the song:
    "Oregon's going dry,
    Pass along the watchword
    Oregon's going dry."
    However she didn't catch the exact sentiment and was heard the next day lustily singing:
    "Pass along the washrag
    Oregon's going dry."
    A case of "wash and be made clean," possibly.
"The Inner Side," The Saturday Review, Medford, August 6, 1910, page 1

September 24, 1910 Medford Saturday Review
September 24, 1910 Medford Saturday Review


"PROHIBITION" IN A SMALL TOWN
At Grants Pass, Or., More Liquor and Taxes, and "Stuff" Bought Elsewhere.
Oregon (Grants Pass) Observer.
    Let us review the prohibition of intoxicants in Josephine County since that system was inaugurated by popular vote in 1908. The law was put in force on July 1 of that year, and the licensed saloons were thence out of business. But there were a great many people, nearly half the population, who indulged more or less in alcoholic beverages, and these people were not willing to accept the prohibition order of their fellow-citizens. The near beer saloons immediately following the licensed saloons were well patronized, but many persons preferred to obtain their supplies reputably. For some of these Portland and San Francisco were the main sources of supply. Numerous others preferred the social glass over the saloon bar, and found the conditions favorable at Woodville, in "wet" Jackson County, just across the county line from "dry" Josephine, eight miles from Grants Pass.
    Woodville did not count much on the map two years ago. It was little known, and yet there was a fine fruit and agricultural district surrounding it waiting to be discovered. Grants Pass visitors did the business. They inaugurated a steady flow of money from Grants Pass to Woodville, and a steady flow of empty bottles back to Grants Pass. Incidentally, the valuable resources of Woodville became known. Grants Pass money, however, had prompt influence. The little Woodville hamlet of two years ago is now an incorporated city. The little burg needed only a start, and the "dry"  conditions of Josephine County supplied it.
*    *    *
    Without going into the unfailing experience of all communities that have endeavored to prohibit the use of intoxicants by law, let us have a look at Grants Pass since it became "dry." The year 1909 was the deadest year ever known in this city. There was a well-intentioned "dry" administration, but nothing could balance the collapse of trade. There was 100 percent increase in city taxes, and at the end of that "dry" year an increased debt of $7000, with absolutely nothing to show for the large expenditure. The taxpayers revolted at the end of 1909, and elected a progressive administration. The retiring city council left to the new council an additional 50 percent of city taxation. Two years of prohibition increased the direct city taxes of Grants Pass exactly 150 percent and other taxes were pushed.
*    *    *
    The 1910 city council constitutes a business administration, backed by the leading business men of Grants Pass not passively, but actively. Much has been done. Grants Pass has assumed city airs with pavement and generous lights. There have been large payrolls but dull business. Too much money goes to Woodville and Medford. There is no prohibition that can prevent a class of working people in a "dry" town from spending their savings in a "wet" town. Not all for "wet" goods, but with the freedom to purchase "wet" goods a first consideration. So it was with a bunch of Josephine miners who came to Grants Pass a while ago for supplies. They didn't buy them here. Medford got the trade. Medford has grown big and fat by reason of the mistaken policies of Grants Pass and Ashland.
*    *    *
    What about the moral effect of prohibition on .the youth of the community? There is no need to philosophize on this question, but facts are always valuable. Under the city ordinances of Grants Pass, a heavy penalty was imposed for the selling of liquor to minors. It was a righteous law, and a few convictions under it speedily ended that abuse up to the passing of county option, which overruled the city ordinances. Under the county option law, any boy or girl, or woman or man, has a legal right to purchase intoxicants. Otherwise the informers who were here last year dare not report. It is the sellers who are liable to penalty. The youth of Grants Pass perfectly understand this. There was a little company of them about a year ago who indulged in spiritous liquors on Saturday nights, all minors. The same thing is reported from all the dry counties of the state. The liquor of Grants Pass boys was obtained presumably from Portland dealers, and required only a signed order and $3 enclosed for a gallon of whiskey. Under the saloon system this traffic in gallon was not previously known here, probably because of wholesale and retail restraints. Anyhow, boys of Grants Pass, as in other dry towns, obtained liquor supplies, and there was a little Saturday night jollification inaugurated. It developed, and presently the night policeman took a hand. He sought to capture one of the boys, but failed, probably willingly. There were in this bunch of boys the sons of some of the best families in Grants Pass. The city ordinances, enforced by the police, put a bar on this wrong. County option lifted the ban and the boys continue to pass under. But, after all, when a Grants Pass youth hits the train for the Oregon University or any other higher training school, and is piled up on his own resources, is it better that he should know something about the evils that threaten him, or be perfectly ignorant of his danger?
    Regarding the rural districts of Josephine County, the gallon parcel has been in open evidence these past two years. People who formerly drank 3 or 4 percent beers are now drinking 40 to 50 percent whiskeys, and it isn't good for them.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 29, 1910, page 10


ANTI-SALOON PEOPLE PARADE
    A great parade Monday, at 6:30 p.m., Nov. 7. The parade forms on 3rd and N. Oakdale and W. Main, and will start at 7 p.m. The parade will terminate at the Natatorium for a great mass meeting. The greatest parade ever pulled off in Medford. One cornet band, two martial bands of music. Automobiles, bicycles, floats, horseback riders and a great multitude marching in line. Everybody come, whole county is invited. Oregon dry in 1910. --(Paid advertisement)
Medford Mail Tribune, November 6, 1910, page 4


HAVE PARADE IN SPITE OF HEAVY RAIN
    The anti-saloon parade Monday night was of considerable length, in spite of the rain, which caused it to become one of the wettest dry demonstrations ever made in Southern Oregon.
    A program was held in the auditorium at the "Nat," consisting of short addresses by local and foreign prohibition orators. The Central Point band furnished music for the occasion.
Medford Sun, November 8, 1910, page 4


"DRYS" THANK BREWERY
Medford Temperance Union Expresses Gratitude for Donation.
    MEDFORD, Or., Aug. 17.--(Special.)--The singular situation of members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union officially giving thanks to a brewery was brought about today when the Medford branch of the Women's Christian Temperance Union thanked local concerns for donations to an ice cream social recently given in the city park, and among them was Weinhard's Brewery.
    This brewery not only deals in beer and spirituous liquors, but manufactures ice, of which it donated a quantity for the ice cream social. Whether the members of the organization were not aware of the character of a brewery or believed it proper to encourage any concern of whatever character in helping along the temperance cause, has not as yet been learned, but the notice appeared giving thanks to the electric company, newspapers and the local brewery.
Sunday Oregonian, Portland, August 18, 1912, page 10


BLIND PIGS ARE RAIDED
Women of Butte Falls Win Victory by Complaint Filed.
    MEDFORD, Or., Sept. 21.--(Special.)--In answer to a petition of complaint from the women of Butte Falls, prosecuting attorney Mulkey and Sheriff Jones raided the blind pigs in that place today, arresting J. F. Brooks and seizing several bottles and one barrel of beer. Armed with a search warrant the officers descended upon the Pacific & Eastern depot, where they appropriated the barrel of beer, which was billed to Brooks.
    Several weeks ago the women of that place complained to Governor West of the non-enforcement of the laws regarding liquor sales, and it was at his request that the raid was made. According to current report the Governor is contemplating asking the resignation of the town officials for their delinquency in office. It is also said that the wet forces of the city put through the incorporation of the town about a year ago for the purpose of evading the liquor laws governing the county, but according to Mr. Mulkey there is no escape on the grounds of incorporation.

Sunday Oregonian, Portland, September 22, 1912, page 5

Prohibition 1914-10-10p2MMT
October 10, 1914 Medford Mail Tribune


Tavern Hotel
J. M. VOGELI, Prop.
MODERN WITH HOT AND COLD WATER
BAR AND BARBER SHOP IN CONNECTION
ACROSS THE STREET FROM DEPOT
Eagle Point, Oregon, Oct. 28, 1914
My dear John
    Yours of the 26th was forwarded to me here, where I have been doing a little campaigning.
    It is very hard to size up the situation here this year. The Democrats have the best organization, and Putnam of the Tribune exerts a greater influence than he is generally credited with. The estimates on results vary widely. Prohis claim Jackson by 2000--antis concede drys about 500. The conservative estimate is about 1000 dry majority.
    Chamberlain appears to be a strong favorite in Jackson--his majority being estimated at from 250 to 1000. The situation may be altered by Booth's visit here today and tomorrow and also by the final spurt of the Ladies' Hanley Club, led by Mrs. Ed Hanley & Mrs. Reddy, but it seems certain that George will get a substantial majority. The general idea seems also to be that Smith will carry the county, but by a smaller majority. They rely on a sweeping majority in Ashland on account of the strong prohibition feeling there.
    In Josephine they figure on a dry majority of about 250--about the same for Chamberlain, and a tossup for the governorship. These predictions are widely at variance with the registration figures, but represent the consensus of opinion so far as anything reliable can be ascertained. The Republican organization is really a joke, while the Demos have been working like H--l.
With best regards
    Holbrook Withington
Correspondence 1914, Mss 1500 6/10, Oregon Historical Society Research Library


Brewery Depot to Be Creamery.
    MEDFORD, Or., May 22.--(Special.)--Butter will replace beer in Medford when the state goes dry. Announcement was made today that the Jackson County Creamery has leased the Weinhard beer and ice depot and will install a modern creamery. L. P. Holgerson, an expert butter maker, has been employed to take charge of the creamery and an effort will be made to develop the dairy industry throughout the Rogue River Valley. Medford has one dairy now, there is a large one on the Applegate but, according to well-informed agriculturists, the valley has developed but a small percentage of its resources in this line.
Sunday
Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 23, 1915, page 9


Druggists Told How To Get Liquor for Use
    Salem, Or., Dec. 16--Attorney General Brown has rendered an opinion to the effect that the one means by which druggists can obtain rum, whiskey, gin or wine for medicinal preparations under the prohibition law is under the section making it permissible for any person or head of a family to receive from a common carrier two quarts of liquor or 24 quarts of beer every four successive weeks. The law makes no other provision for them to obtain any of these liquors, he held.
Jacksonville Post, December 18, 1915, page 2


    One Medford saloon man who, with all the others, is retiring from that business in this state, said yesterday, "I'm mighty glad it's at an end. There is not a redeeming feature to the business. As long as there's competition in the matter of making fools and paupers of men and women who have the liquor disease, those in it made the business appear as attractive as possible. The little children who have suffered on account of having dissipated parents in this generation ought to set this prohibition palace on a foundation as solid as that of Gibraltar."
    Ed. Brown, who beat the New Year to it by a day or so when he closed his saloon permanently on Wednesday evening, is now at work in the reconstruction of the interior of the building, on the corner of Main and Front streets, for the proposed cigar and confectionery business and soft drink parlor.

"Local and Personal,"
Medford Mail Tribune, December 31, 1915, page 2


SALOONS CLOSE DOORS FOREVER AT MIDNIGHT HOUR
    The remaining stocks of alcoholic liquors in Medford were being disposed of rapidly today in anticipation of the statewide prohibition law becoming effective at midnight. In many places, however, the rush to lay in stocks of liquor was not as heavy as expected, the slogan "do your New Year's shopping early" having been heeded by most of those who believe in preparedness.
    Many saloons opened their doors today more out of habit than for any other reason, as their stocks were practically exhausted. One saloon had already sold out and closed its doors Wednesday evening.
    The district attorney's office has made arrangements to see that the sale of alcoholic drinks stops with the end of 1915. After midnight, proprietors of saloons selling liquor will be liable to arrest under the common nuisance clause of the prohibition act.
    State and city authorities planned to see to the strict enforcement of the law throughout Jackson County, and the proprietors of all places where intoxicants are sold have made ready to see that the last drop has disappeared before the law takes effect.
    The druggists of this city, being permitted to carry only grain alcohol (brandy, whiskeys, etc., not being permitted, even for prescription purposes), may conclude to denature the alcohol. It may be, however, that, in deference to the wish of those who would occasionally prepare some of their old-fashioned medicines at home in which alcohol is used, they will carry it in both forms.
    The final farewell to the old year will be celebrated at the Hotel Medford tonight.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 31, 1915, page 8


    The Rogue River Canal Company is pushing its work on the Willow Springs extension as rapidly as possible, but is short of men. There is no excuse for the presence of an idler in this valley at this time. There is work for every man who desires it. Even the farmers are heard to complain of the scarcity of help this year. Usually the reverse is true. No one has offered a generally satisfactory reason for the existence of that condition at this time, unless it be that the prohibition law has driven the loafers out of the state, as well as workmen of good repute who prefer larger privilege socially and, being footloose, have gone where they can enjoy it.
"Local and Personal," Medford Mail Tribune, March 20, 1916, page 2



WOEFUL WASTE OF GOOD WINE IN CITY GUTTERS
    With Chief of Police Hittson as master of ceremonies and Judge Kelly as toastmaster, sixty gallons of wine, representing many days of painstaking labor and patience on the part of Paul Demmer, were today ruthlessly turned into the plebeian gutter that carries the dregs of everyday accumulations past the municipal bastille.
    Five barrels were rolled out of the metropolis prison. With a huge hammer Chief Hittson became a knocker for a few minutes, while he cleared the bungholes of the oaken casks and turned the crimson liquor into the street. A crowd had gathered to witness this drastic application of a provision of the prohibition law.
    Paul Demmer wasn't there. He had been fined $25 and costs for having sold claret from those barrels. All he asked was that the officials save for him the casks. They will do for vinegar, hereafter. So he spared himself the grief of witnessing the confiscation and destruction of his property in liquid form.
    The odor was rich, racy and rare. It soon suffused the atmosphere of bastille alley. Men bemoaned the pity of the waste. Others fervently thanked the officials who thus grimly enforced a righteous law. Flies and bees soon began to sip the wine from the gutter and to flutter about in their gleeful intoxication as if it were better than honey.
    Slowly the crimson flood rippled away until only the odor was left to suggest the utter waste of myriad headaches and the commonest cause of nervous disorder.
Medford Sun, March 29, 1916, page 6


    Sixty gallons of wine belonging to Paul Demmer were poured into the sewers at Medford Wednesday by Chief Hittson.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, April 1, 1916, page 3


BARREL A DAY OF BOOZE SLIPPED OVER SISKIYOUS
    Prohibition and the consequent aridity, which, like the German warships, is of a "low visibility," has brought to Medford and Jackson County an unincorporated organization, working as silently as the engine of $9000 auto, and with the deadly accuracy of a machine gun. The organization constitutes the main line of communication between Hornbrook and the hip pocket, and is three times as fast in delivery as the ordinary common carrier. They are the boys who bring across the deadline tabooed liquids to friends, thus throwing out a lifeline.
    It is becoming quite a custom in Medford among those who have not the time or the gasoline to go to northern California, to have some of those who are on the jump most of the time between the desert and the oasis to bring back a bottle of this or that or the other thing. No friend would deny a friend so small a favor. Thus the stay-at-home gets his potations without the task of writing and waiting and calling at the express office, and also evolutes with considerable grace around that portion of the dry law restricting him to a stated number of quarts of snakebite per month. The gadder receives the exhilaration of his own imbibing and the satisfaction of helping out a thirsty native. It is estimated that in the neighborhood of a barrel of booze oozes into Jackson County between every sunup and sunset upon the wheels of friendship.
    There is no way to stop the practice which is assuming heft daily, except to declare a state of war and invoke "the right of search" along the border. Prohibition has sent the bartender back to the plow and the forge and counter, and in his place flourishes the life-saver.

Medford Mail Tribune, June 6, 1916, page 6


The Law We Have Is Good.
    The dry law, now operative in Oregon, is a good and logical law. Despite urging to the contrary, the thing to do is to stand pat upon the enforcement and efficacy of the law we have. On the one hand it is unthinkable and would be unwise and distinctly retrogressive to restore the breweries to legal status in this state, and on the other hand public sentiment does not demand nor will it approve a measure that proposes air-tight prohibition.
    The present dry law is not sumptuary in the offensive sense. It was not aimed at the personal right or liberty of any citizen, nor does it deny them. Its purpose was to be rid of the liquor trade as an economic evil, to banish the saloon and forbid the manufacture of intoxicants in Oregon, which mean the maintenance of the saloon in one form or another. This purpose it has achieved effectually. We are not going to undo the work, and we should not attempt to overdo it.
    Under the operation of the law we have, drinking is not one-tenth of what it was before that law went into effect, and the evil effects of the drink traffic, as they might be summarized, are not one-hundredth part of what they were. The law has served its purpose better than even its friends expected it would. It is in appreciable measure responsible for depressed commerce or other business conditions. If it were to be resubmitted to a vote today it would command thousands of votes that were cast against it when it was made part of Oregon's constitution.
    All this is simple statement of fact that attests to the logic, the service and the general approval of the law. If we are wise, we will not embarrass the operation of the law we have by re-establishing the breweries. That would be backtracking--and an about face toward the conditions we have abandoned. Neither do we need to seek the passage of a stricter law, in the mistaken assumption that it would be better. Either course would be a serious if not a disastrous blunder. The safe course and the wise course is to stand pat, keep the law we have and see that it is well enforced.--Portland Telegram.

Jacksonville Post,
August 12, 1916, page 3



    It is said that a line of jitneys, four in number, are making regular trips from Hornbrook, Cal., to Portland, carrying booze for the thirsty at the Oregon metropolis.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, December 16, 1916, page 3


    Medford druggists have decided not to renew their government license to sell alcohol.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, June 30, 1917, page 3


ESTES ARRESTED; EIGHTY GALLONS
OF BOOZE CONFISCATED
    The most important bootlegging arrests of the summer were made by three special liquor officers of the county on the Pacific Highway up in the Siskiyous late Wednesday night. In the car of Rankin Estes, well-known Medford man and proprietor of the Oaks pool and card hall on Front Street, was found 14 cases of whiskey, and in another car driven by a Portland man, who refuses to give his name, was found 13½ cases of whiskey. Altogether about 80 gallons of whiskey.
    The arrests were followed by a raid this morning on Estes' pool hall by Sheriff Jennings and deputies, who arrested two men connected with the place and after a thorough search carried away as evidence a small quantity of liquor.
    There is a mystery about the so-called Portland prisoner. He refuses to give his name or other information about himself. The car he was driving is a Chalmers Six, and bears the state license number 29118. The owner of this number is registered to Z. L. Dimmick of Grants Pass.
    County Prosecutor Roberts and the officers are still investigating the alleged bootlegging operations this afternoon. Mr. Roberts says that other arrests will probably follow. It is claimed by the county authorities and police that Estes has been in the bootlegging business ever since the prohibition law went into effect, but that they were never able to find sufficient evidence heretofore to cause his arrest.
    It is further claimed that Estes has made numerous bootlegging trips to Hornbrook, one of which was last Monday night.
Made by Special Officers.
    The arrests of Estes and the Portland man were made about midnight last night by Special Officers John B. Wimer, W. J. Carpenter and R. C. Porter, all of Ashland, and who formerly constituted the police force of that city. Sheriff Jennings and Paul Anderson, his deputy, were also on the mountain, but were some distance away watching for another suspected case.
    Estes and the Portland man came along in their cars together, but claim that they were not working in partnership. The Portland man is said to be a stranger here. The prisoners and confiscated liquor were brought to this city. The charge against each was that of illegally bringing liquor into the state.
    The Portland man said that he would be unable to furnish bail in any amount, and when the bail for Estes was set at $2,500 the latter declared that he would rather be imprisoned than furnish it.
Objects to City Jail.
    The officers were about to lock the men in the city prison, but Estes objected so strenuously to being locked in such a filthy place and demanded that he and the other prisoner be taken to the county jail, that the officers, especially as the men were state prisoners, had to accommodate them.
    They were locked up in the county jail and will be arraigned, by order of County Prosecutor Roberts, before Justice of the Peace Taylor this afternoon. The prisoners for reasons best known to themselves did not want to be arraigned today, although each claims he does not want to be represented by an attorney.
    After County Prosecutor Roberts had conferred this morning with Sheriff Jennings and the arresting officers the sheriff went before Justice Taylor and swore out a search warrant for Estes' pool hall. Then he and deputies Anderson and Leslie Stansell searched the place and found a small quantity of whiskey.
    "Guess they were just about out of stock," remarked Sheriff Jennings later, "and lots of the boys had to go thirsty this forenoon."
Employee Arrested.
    Following the raid Prosecutor Roberts swore out warrants for the arrest of Estes, W. J. George, a clerk in the pool hall, and Harvey E. Wilcox, who runs a barber shop in the hall. Later the prosecutor and sheriff became convinced that Wilcox had nothing to do with the alleged bootlegging operations, and he was released. George, when arraigned before Justice Taylor, pleaded not guilty, and his bond was set at $500 and his hearing for 2 o'clock Friday afternoon. The arresting warrant charged Estes and George with maintaining on August 30 a common nuisance known as the Oaks pool hall and in violation of the law by keeping whiskey for sale therein. Estes will also be arraigned on this charge this afternoon.
    Efforts will be made by the county to have the place suppressed. Mayor Gates several weeks ago at a council meeting also threatened to have the place suppressed on account of gambling complaints, but nothing ever came of his declaration.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 30, 1917, page 6


SHERIFF DESTROYS 112 GALLONS OF SEIZED WHISKEY
    There was excitement in Jacksonville Friday, when Sheriff Jennings and Deputy Sheriffs Anderson and Stansell destroyed 112 gallons of whiskey, by pouring it into Jackson Creek.
    The ordeal of witnessing such a wanton waste of (to them) precious fluid was almost too much for a number of the old-timers of the town, and those who were not running around aimlessly with their tongues hanging out of parched throats were in a dazed, tear-bedimmed condition
    The destroyed whiskey was that taken in the bootlegging captures of Rankin Estes and C. H. Smith of Portland on the Siskiyous Wednesday night, and the raids on Estes' pool hall and home in this city yesterday. The whiskey was destroyed in accordance with the law, by order of County Prosecutor Roberts.
    Last week, by Prosecutor Roberts' orders, another large quantity of whiskey taken from captured bootleggers was destroyed by being poured into Bear Creek. On these occasions of destroying confiscated liquors the officers always have competent witnesses present.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 31, 1917, page 2


    Rankin Estes of Medford and C. H. Smith of Portland pleaded guilty to the charge of illegally importing liquor into the state and were fined $500, and given a sentence of six months in the county jail by Justice Taylor at Medford Thursday afternoon. The men were brought back and placed in the county jail in this city. Thursday night Sheriff Jennings went to Estes' residence and secured about 35 gallons of whiskey which had been cached away. Friday morning the sheriff and deputies emptied about 112 gallons of booze into the creek, it being the whiskey found in the cars when Smith and Estes were arrested plus the 35 gallons secured in the raid on Estes' house Thursday evening.
"Local News," Jacksonville Post, September 1, 1917, page 3


CROSSING THE DEAD LINE.
    The Ashland Tidings gives the painful details of a humiliating episode near the state line the other night, when four young Medford men who had been making a foraging sortie into California drove into a net stretched by the officers of the law.
    The car in which the Medford men were speeding north was intercepted about three miles south of Ashland. A search revealed no liquor, and the deputies were greatly nonplussed, for they have a strong sense of smell. Then the idea seized one officer to search an automobilist for concealed contraband, and the victim, aware of his rights, demanded a warrant. The deputy, who was also City Recorder of Ashland, calmly reached in his pocket, brought forth several blank documents, filled them out and handed them to another official, who served them.
    Then, alas! there was a fearful exposure. Bottles were everywhere. "They had filled their pockets," avers the Tidings, "with quarts and pints. In the tops of their shoes and cuffs of their pants half-pint and tenth-pint bottles were found. In their hats, vest pockets, shirt fronts and every conceivable part of their clothing could be found small bottles of the wet stuff. About three gallons of liquor were taken from the men."
    The bootlegging industry, it would appear, will languish under the persistent investigations of obtrusive officials. Not even the insides of tires or extra gasoline tanks are now safe. Ingenuity will have to tax its resources and find some new scheme; and that, too, will in turn be discovered, provided the vigilance of the law equals the determination of the importers.
    Some day, perhaps, our thirsty citizens may reach the belated conclusion that the game is not worth the candle.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 20, 1917, page 10


    Rankin Estes, serving a six months sentence in the county jail for bootlegging, paid his $500 fine and costs and was released, the balance of his jail sentence being suspended. He had been in jail about two months.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, October 27, 1917, page 3


    Dr. F. G. Swedenburg of Ashland, who was arrested Saturday night in the Siskiyous for illegally transporting liquor into dry territory, pled guilty to the charge, claiming that the liquor was for use at his hospital. He was fined $25, and the sentence suspended.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, November 24, 1917, page 3


SPECIAL COPS FOR DRUNKS ON TRAIN
    The Southern Pacific has found it necessary to keep a special policeman on No. 13, southbound passenger train between Ashland and Redding, to keep order among the drunks. Men coming south from the dry states of Washington and Oregon strike an oasis of booze at Hornbrook, the first town in California where the train makes any considerable stop. The train always stops at Hornbrook for ten minutes to take water on the locomotive and for car inspection.
    This gives the thirsty traveler ample time to load up with bottles and flasks at the Hornbrook saloons. A similar stop of ten minutes is always made at Dunsmuir, the end of the division, and there it is easy to purchase more liquor. By the time the train is in Shasta County the full effect of the booze is apparent, and there is plenty of work for a railroad policeman to do to preserve order.
    Railroad officials say traveling in the smoker on No. 13 would be unbearable if it were not for the robust policeman who has authority to preserve order at all hazards.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 29, 1917, page 2


EX-BEAVER MAKES BUTTER
S. A. Kroschel Has Largest Creamery Plant in Jackson County.
    MEDFORD, Or., Jan. 10.--(Special.)--S. A. Kroschel, manager of the Jackson County Creamery, will build a new establishment at a cost of $25,000, with a capacity of 2000 pounds of butter a day.
    Mr. Kroschel was formerly the Weinhard Brewery agent in Medford, and when the state went dry he transformed his plant into a creamery. He now has the largest establishment of the kind in Jackson County. The old brewery building will be continued as an ice manufacturing plant. In addition to the new building, Mr. Kroschel has taken over the Medford Poultry and Egg Company and will conduct this business in connection with the creamery.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 11, 1918, page 7


BOOTLEGGING RAID CATCHES OLD OFFENDERS
    Rankin Estes and Carl Reed, of local bootlegging fame, each of whom has a suspended jail sentence hanging over him, are again in serious bootlegging trouble. They, with J. D. Buckley, well-known resident of the Applegate district, were arrested at Reed's home at 11 o'clock last night by Deputy Sheriff Paul Anderson and night policeman Timothy.
    This forenoon County Prosecutor Roberts caused a charge of illegally selling liquor to be placed against Estes, and two charges against Reed--that of possessing liquor and another of receiving liquor, and a charge of vagrancy against Buckley. When arraigned before Police Judge Taylor each of the prisoners pleaded and guilty.
    The date of trial and amount of bail of each was set as follows: Estes, Monday at 3 p.m., bail $500; Reed, Saturday at 2 p.m., bail $200, and Buckley at 2:30 p.m. Saturday, bail $100. Up to a late hour this afternoon the men were unable to raise bail.
    The authorities had been keeping a watch on Reed's home, at the corner of Fourth and Ivy streets, for several nights in hopes of catching him and Estes in the act of illegally trafficking in booze. It is understood that attention was first attracted through the alleged fact that Buckley has been drinking hard for a week or so and was a frequent visitor to the Reed house. Then, it is said, suspicion was further enhanced by the alleged fact that a number of Buckley's bank checks appeared in the city with Reed's endorsement on them.
    Late last night the officers were in hiding near the Reed house when Estes was seen to approach it. Estes and Reed then conferred on the porch, and it is claimed Estes was seen to hand over a quart bottle of whiskey to Reed. At this juncture the officers closed in quickly. One of them seized Reed and the bottle, who, when he saw them, did not wait to hand the other bottle to Reed, but ran away with it. After a short pursuit he was captured, but not before he had broken the bottle and spilled its contents.
    Estes last August was captured on his way home from Hornbrook with a large quantity of liquor in his auto. He was found guilty and fined $500 and sentenced to six months in jail. After he had served two months, on recommendation of County Prosecutor Roberts, the remainder of his sentence was suspended. For some time Estes has been working at the Gold Hill cement plant. For a long time prior to his first arrest it was common talk around town that Estes was selling whiskey at his pool room on Front Street.
    Reed is also an old offender. Last March he was arrested for bootlegging and was sentenced to ninety days in jail. His sentence was suspended after he had served two months. About two months ago night policeman Gerking suspected him of selling liquor to a man on the street one night and went to arrest him. On the approach of the officer Reed broke the bottle of whiskey he had with him on the street. In police court he was fined $12.35 for throwing broken glass on the street.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 25, 1918, page 6


ESTES SENTENCED, TO YEAR IN JAIL AND $100 FINE
    Rankin Estes, arrested last Thursday night for bootlegging, upset the dope in justice court yesterday afternoon by pleading not guilty, instead of guilty, and a lively little trial resulted.
    Mr. Estes was represented by Attorney P. J. Neff, but did not take the stand, and no defense was offered after the state completed its case. Justice Taylor pronounced a verdict of guilty, and as this is his second offense Estes was fined $100 and given a year in jail. On motion of District Attorney Roberts, and in consideration of Mr. Estes' wife and seven children who depend upon him for support, the sentence was suspended for six weeks to allow Estes time to undergo an operation which will fit him to leave town and secure employment.
Estes Will Appeal
    Attorney Neff also gave notice of appeal which automatically suspended the sentence, but it is doubtful if the case will ever be brought before the circuit court.
    Estes did not appear saddened by his second appearance in court, nor particularly grateful for the lenience granted him, but adopted a rather belligerent and surly attitude, criticizing both the court and the state and taking on the air of one who had been unjustly treated.
    The evidence offered by the state was sufficiently convincing. "Coll" Reed, arrested with Estes, and ordered out of town, testified that he had frequently secured booze from the defendant, and that on the night in question he had a small supply at his home which, the evidence indicated, Estes had been called upon to replenish.
    "Did you get it"? Prosecuting Attorney Roberts asked.
    "No," was the reply, "the cops beat me to it."
Buckley Put on Stand
    The party at the Reed home was also described by J. D. Buckley of Applegate, another of the defendants convicted Saturday, and the testimony was completed by night officer Timothy, who assisted in making the arrests.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 29, 1918, page 2


BOOTLEGGER IS BANISHED
Medford Judge Sends Offender from City for One Year.
    MEDFORD, Or., Jan. 28.--(Special.)--A year's banishment from Medford was the punishment meted out to Collins Reed, a middle-aged bootlegger, when he pleaded guilty to his second offense before Justice Glenn Taylor Saturday. Reed was arrested Friday night with Rankin Estes, a former Jackson County constable, and J. D. Buckley, of Applegate, while the trio were enjoying a party at the Reed home in this city.
    Buckley pleaded guilty, and as he was guilty of consuming liquor rather than selling it, was fined $25 and costs, which he paid. The trial of Estes comes up Monday, and as this is his second offense, it is probable that he will be severely dealt with.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 29, 1918, page 17


    Rankin Estes of Medford, arrested last week for bootlegging, was given a hearing at Medford Monday afternoon. He pled not guilty, but upon trial was convicted, fined $100, and sentenced to one year in jail. In consideration of his wife and children, who are dependent upon him for support, the fine was suspended for six weeks. His attorney, Porter J. Neff, gave notice that an appeal would be taken, but it is doubtful whether the appeal will be perfected.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, February 2, 1918, page 3


    Huston Cox, the colored porter of the Hotel Medford, recently convicted in the justice court on a bootlegging charge and who appealed the case to the circuit court, was found guilty by a jury in the circuit court Friday afternoon.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, March 9, 1918, page 3


    Huston Cox, the colored porter at the Hotel Medford, recently convicted on a bootlegging charge, was sentenced Tuesday to pay a fine of $100 and undergo imprisonment in the county jail for thirty days. It is reported that an appeal has been taken..

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, March 16, 1918, page 3


    Harrison Riggs, an orchard foreman, was shot in the right shoulder by speed cop McDonald Monday evening, and is now in a hospital in a dangerous condition. The story, as published in the Mail Tribune, is to the effect that McDonald, who suspected Riggs of bootlegging, had boarded the car in which he was riding and demanded that it be stopped: failing in this, he jumped to the ground, pulled his revolver and fired six shots at the car, claiming that he aimed to puncture the rear tires. Four of the bullets fired entered the tonneau of the car, and one lodged in Riggs' shoulder. The wounded man is 30 years old, has a wife and four children, and it is said that he bears an excellent reputation among the orchard men of the valley.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, March 15, 1919, page 3


    In a recent article I spoke of the growth of the bootlegging industry since Oregon has become bone dry. I am writing this article from Medford. The issue here is a very live one. I sat down last evening in the lobby of the hotel next to a pleasant-looking chap who opened his heart to me on the matter.
    "Never again," he said. "If you want to sweat blood, just slip a few bottles of booze into your bag and bring them across the border."
    "If there is any type of man I despise," he said bitterly, "it is the practical joker. A few days ago one of the passengers, just after we had crossed the state line and entered Oregon, opened the door of the car I was in and whispered hoarsely, 'An inspector is in the next car. He will be here within five minutes. Any of you fellows that are smuggling booze into the state had better hide it. It means a jail sentence and a fine if you are caught.' Two minutes later that car was absolutely bone dry. One ministerial-looking man opened the car window and threw out his expensive-looking leather suitcase so as not to be caught with the goods. The practical joker was stunned by the results of his practical joke. He left the train at Ashland so the men who had thrown their booze overboard wouldn't do him physical violence.
    "For quite a while a bootlegger boarded every train at Ashland and rode to Medford. He would go through the train, pick up a suitcase, shake it, hear a gurgle and say fiercely, 'Whose suitcase is this?' The owner, of course, would be afraid to claim it, for he thought the bootlegger was an officer. The bootlegger would say, 'I have reason to believe this contains liquor, illegally brought into the state. I will have to hold it as evidence. If the owner wants to make any explanation he can take the matter up with me at my office in Medford.' Naturally, no one wanted to take the matter up, and he got all the stock for his bootlegging industry without cost, to say nothing of a choice assortment of suitcases."

Fred Lockley, "Journal Man at Home," Oregon Journal, Portland, March 16, 1919, page 8



    Speed cop McDonald has resigned his position as deputy sheriff and has gone to Portland, where he expects to locate.

"Local News," Jacksonville Post, March 29, 1919, page 3


CHINESE LAUNDRY MAN FINED $200 FOR BOOTLEGGING
    Lou Jew, whose nationality does not accord with the sound of his name, an elderly Chinese laundry worker of the city, was fined $200 and costs and given a sentence of 30 days in jail in Justice Taylor's court this noon on the charge of having in his handbag enough whiskey to intoxicate a large part of Medford. Lou Jew was a jim dandy law violator, hence his heavy sentence.
    His frequent trips from the city to Ashland recently always with the same heavily loaded handbag aroused the curiosity of Charles Adams, night policeman, and when the officer saw the old Chinaman again get aboard the Ashland jitney last Saturday night he tipped a deputy sheriff to follow and watch him.
    When the jitney arrived at Ashland the deputy forced Lou Jew to open the bag, disclosing three gallons of booze. The prisoner was brought to Medford by the same jitney and locked up.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 7, 1919, page 6


MEDFORD POLICEMAN DRANK UP EVIDENCE IN CASE
By United Press
    MEDFORD, Ore., April 10.--Mayor Gates has compelled Sam Garrett, night policeman, to resign because it is alleged by the mayor and other city officials that Garrett drank up the evidence against a Chinaman who was charged with bootlegging.
Evening News, San Jose, April 10, 1919, page 1


HARD CIDER STIRS EAGLE PT. YOUTH TO GO OVER TOP
    There is a hard cider scandal brewing at Eagle Point which is being looked after by Sheriff Terrill and Prosecuting Attorney Roberts, but at present the details are lacking.
    Word reached the prosecutor the other day that there was considerable drunkenness in that vicinity, especially among the youth, and as a result of too much cider imbibing a boy went over the top with a shotgun and nearly ended the life of another boy. The prosecutor sent the sheriff out to investigate the cider.
    The sheriff had no difficulty in locating the fluid, two barrels and a half, but the owner was absent and so no arrest has yet been made. He brought in the half barrel Friday afternoon and cached it in the police station. Samples of the cider were taken to one of the teachers of the Medford High School for a chemical analysis to determine whether it contained explosives other than fermented apple juice.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 19, 1919, page 3



MEDFORD A MODEL CITY SINCE THE BOOZE EMBARGO
    Since the wartime prohibition act went into force, which shut off the keeping and sale of booze in California, Medford has become a model city as far as sobriety is concerned. Things have been very quiet with the police and sheriff's office, and only two or three booze arrests have been made, and those were made only a week after the act went into effect.
    The city is also very quiet late at night, the police having little to do, whereas formerly many drunks and half-drunks used to come back from Hornbrook and Hilt and raise more or less disturbance. Then the police and sheriff's force used to spend most of the time night and day looking for bootleggers and watching for drunks.
    Last Saturday night several well-known orchard employees who had gotten hold of whiskey someplace--probably had it in store for an exceptionally dry day--were in the city late and created more or less disturbance for a short time but left town before the night police heard of their presence. This was the first semblance of disorder for weeks.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 6, 1919, page 6


HOME BREW IS RESPONSIBLE FOR GUN PLAY
Tom Murphy of Medford Shoots George Douglas When Latter Insists on
Sampling Domestic Stock--Wounds Not Serious-Offender is Held Under $2000 Bonds.

    Tom Murphy, the local junk dealer, was cooking home brew yesterday evening about seven o'clock, at his residence on South Front Street. The seductive aroma of the mixture of hops and corn assailed the nostrils of George Douglas, the upholsterer, who was passing. George, who once imbibed of a Jacksonville mixture which raised boils on his neck, announced that he wanted a drink. Mr. Murphy left his kettle long enough to announce that the pilgrim of thirst was not welcome.
    "You blankety blank bum," proclaimed the upholsterer, "if you don't give me a drink I'll come and get it."
    "You enter this house and I"ll fill you full of daylight," was the reported rejoinder.
    Whereupon Douglas, who knows no fear when a drink is concerned, entered the sacred precincts of home brew and was met by a horse pistol about the size of Herr Krupp's Big Bertha. A wrestling match ensued during which Murphy fired two shots, one grazing the intruder's temple and the other inflicting a slight flesh wound in the chest. Murphy had the wounded man down and was endeavoring to rap him on the head with the heavy end of his firearm when Jack Plymale heard the rumpus and, sailing in, separated the two men.
    Night policeman Adams arrived at this point and placed Murphy under arrest, also corralling a copper boiler filled with what appeared to be sour mash and two dozen bottles, properly corked, filled with liquefied rough-on-rats.
    At a hearing before Justice Taylor this morning Murphy was held under $2000 bonds to the grand jury, charged with assault with intent to kill. Tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock Murphy will be given a hearing on having a homemade still in his possession.
    Douglas was able to be about as usual today, his wounds being of a very innocuous character. The affair aroused considerable excitement on South Front Street during the vesper hour. The trial promises to involve a hot legal battle over how far the proprietor of a home-brew castle may go in protecting his home and firewater.   
Medford Mail Tribune, August 3, 1920, page 1


    Tom Murphy, principal in the Front Street shooting affray last Monday evening, was found guilty of infringement of the bone dry law in Justice Taylor's court yesterday afternoon, and was given 30 days in jail and $100 fine. Two dozen bottles of hooch, a wash boiler half-filled with sour mash and several gallon jugs containing home brew were offered in evidence. Murphy's only defense was that he cooked the combination of corn and hops for the benefit of his stomach. Judge Taylor decided any stomach that could stand the evidence offered was not in a very serious condition. As Murphy was in jail anyway on the "attempt to kill" charge, now awaiting the October term of court, the sentence does not materially affect his future plans. Night Officer Adams, Sheriff Terrill and Deputy Sheriff Schrader were witnesses for the state. Murphy had no witnesses and refused the services of a lawyer.

"Local Briefs," Medford Mail Tribune, August 5, 1920, page 2



Illicit Still Discovered at Medford
    What is described as the largest illicit distillery and bootlegging headquarters ever located in Jackson County was discovered the beginning of the week in a house situated on S. Peach Street in Medford. The discovery of the plant came through W. T. Van Voris, who owns the property and rented it last July to a man giving the name of C. C. Russell, having occasionally to call on his tenant. Failing to gain admittance to the house, after repeated summons Mr. Van Voris used his pass key, and upon entering the kitchen discovered a complete still, including a gasoline stove, copper boiler with the lid fastened down with dough to make it airtight, a copper tank and coils of lead pipe which served as a worm, not to mention an old coffee mill in which barley used in the manufacture of the homemade decoction was ground. Elsewhere in the house was found quantities of corn, barley and wheat used in making "hooch," and 100 gallons of prune mash in barrels. Russell, who evidently suffered an attack of nerves, is reported to have departed from Medford about the middle of August, giving his destination as Portland, and there is no clue as to his whereabouts.
    The apparatus was left on the premises under guard of the Medford police force until Wednesday, when Sheriff Terrill removed it to the county jail.
    Sheriff Terrill now has in his keeping a supply of "hooch" that would bring tears to the eyes of a prohi or moisture to the mouth of a tippler, the entire floor space of a large cell at the county jail being filled with booze in flasks, bottles, demijohns and kegs.

Jacksonville Post,
September 11, 1920, page 1


TWO VICTIMS OF MOONSHINE NEAR TO DEATH'S DOOR
    Sheriff Terrill is looking for the dispenser of moonshine that nearly killed a citizen of Jacksonville Saturday night, after he had imbibed a bottle of it. When the citizen recovers sufficiently to talk he will be questioned. The sheriff's office also has a report that a colored gent at
Ashland drank moonshine and wandered "into the shadows of the valley of death," before he had been pumped out. According to the sheriff the moonshine now being delivered is made of grain, and highly effective, the distiller not understanding the fine point of getting rid of the poison therein.
    A man giving the name of Wilkie and carrying letters of recommendation from Portland, peace officers and Willamette Valley counties and towns came to town Saturday and claimed to be a federal narcotic agent. He also bore a letter signed with the names of Prosecutor Rawles Moore and Sheriff Terrill. These he presented to C. W. Ashpole, Sam Richardson, Ed Gore and other business men in an effort to get credit or borrow money. The names of the local authorities were forgeries, and it is thought that all were.
    Sheriff Terrill was advised of the man's activity and caught him near the city jail. He gave him a lecture, and ordered him out of town. Afterwards it was discovered that he had been presenting the fake letters, and displaying a deputy sheriff's badge.
    Among other things the stranger claimed to be looking for stills.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 11, 1921, page 3


    A keg of cider in the office of former Prosecuting Attorney Roberts of Medford, Oregon, exploded and the fermented liquor flooded the Medford National Bank beneath, keeping the office force, from clerks to President W. H. Gore, busy with mops and pails. The affair was reported to Prosecuting Attorney Rawles Moore, who defeated Roberts in the last election. Moore said the keg had been seized some time ago and in the confusion of office moving had been overlooked.
"World News Tersely Told," Sausalito News, February 26, 1921, page 1


POLICE CAPTURE BOOTLEG STILL ON BEAR CREEK
    There was some booze enforcing excitement in the city last night, caused by the sheriff locating an idle still in the brush along Bear Creek, south of the city, and the arrival of a man with two quarts of whiskey in a suitcase on the late train from the north. These incidents were not connected, only that they related to the violations of the prohibition law.
    As a net result of the excitement, the stranger with the two quarts of booze got away, no one knows who owns the still, and Bill Sham, the taxi driver who hauled the booze-laden stranger to a place in the residence district, was arrested later by Patrolman Hempstreet on the charge of intoxication, for which he was fined $25 and costs in Judge Taylor's court this forenoon.
    Sheriff Terrill, Deputy Sheriff McMahon and Night Patrolman Adams and Hempstreet took part in the excitement, which started by someone tipping the sheriff off to the fact the still was lying in the brush along Bear Creek. The sheriff and his deputy forthwith went there and pounced upon the still, which was a fine and complete one with coils, lying quietly in a grain sack. Then the arms of the law lay concealed in the vicinity for an hour or more waiting for the owner to come and get it, until they finally decided that he had been tipped off that they were watching for him. They then hurried back to town just in time to join in the other booze excitement.
    The conductor of the southbound train tipped off the police when the train arrived that a man had two quarts of booze in his suitcase. The man had jumped into Sham's taxi, which drove quickly away. The police waited until Sham returned, and then started at once for the house where Sham said he had delivered the passenger. He was not at this house nor could he be found in the vicinity, and it is thought that when he saw the police at the depot he suspicioned that they were lying for him, and had Sham drive to a house, in front of which he got out, and then when Sham drove away, cached his whiskey somewhere, walked away and disappeared.
    Sham was arrested later, and it is claimed he became intoxicated through the stranger treating him when they were driving to the latter's supposed home.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 20, 1921, page 8


MORE ARRESTS ARE EXPECTED IN STILL CASE
    Although the police and county authorities were and are very closemouthed about the facts in connection with the booze enforcement excitement of last Tuesday night more details are coming to light, and it is known that arrests are contemplated in connection with the finding of an unused still along Bear Creek, and the bootlegger who escaped the police at the depot.
    It is now known that the latter was a Gold Hill bootlegger who boarded the train at Gold Hill with two suitcases full of bootleg whiskey, and that the Medford police were tipped off by a passenger to this effect and not by the conductor of the train, as was previously stated. Train crews running through here have not attained an enviable reputation with the authorities in providing such tips.
    This bootlegger with his suitcases at once hurried from the train when it stopped here, to an awaiting taxi which sped away before the police or sheriff could act. It has been learned that this taxi took the bootlegger to a house near Phoenix where he was supposed to reside, according to the taxi driver, who on his return to Medford was nabbed by the police and induced to take the officers to the house in front of which he said he had discharged the passenger.
    The police awakened the occupants of the house who said the man did not live there nor had he been seen by them. No booze was found in the house. It developed later that the bootlegger instead of entering the house when the taxi drove away continued on through the premises, crawled over the back fence and in so doing tore a part of the straps off one of the suitcases. It is then presumed he walked away to some place where he cached his booze.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 21, 1921, page 6


    Twelve quarts of a perfectly reliable brand of the Demon Rum was consigned to the yawning maw of an old well in the NW ¼ of the NW ¼ of the courthouse grounds, by representatives of the sheriff's office Wednesday morning. A few wistful-eyed spectators attended the obsequies.
"Behind the Bars," Jacksonville Post, July 2, 1921, page 1


STILLS NEAR JACKS'NVILLE ARE SEIZED
Special Agents Arrest J. M. Rock, Farmer, and Ike Coffman, Homesteader--Former Pleads Guilty to Demijohn of Hooch--Raids North of City Are On Today.

SITUATION IN BRIEF
    Developments in the county-wide cleanup of suspected bootleggers and illicit stills up to one o'clock this afternoon were as follows:
    Finding of three stills in the Jacksonville Hill district, and the arrest of their alleged owners and operators Wednesday by state and county officials.
    Announcement that a special prosecutor would be detailed by Governor Ben Olcott to handle the cases arising from the raids and arrests.
    Departure of officers in two different directions this morning on a hunt for stills and booze peddlers.
    Issuance of warrants for the arrest of men alleged to be engaged in the whiskey traffic.
----
    In raids by deputy sheriffs and special agents in the hills back of Jacksonville Wednesday, three stills were located and seized, and two men, J. M. Rock, a farmer, and Ike Coffman, a homesteader, were arrested. Both were arraigned this morning in Justice of the Peace Taylor's court. Rock pleaded guilty to the charge of having a half-gallon demijohn of whiskey in his possession. Upon the plea that he was the father of five children, and a new arrival expected any day, he was allowed to go on his own recognizance until Saturday morning at 10 o'clock. The owner of the third still said he would appear today. A special agent, asked what Rock's name was, divulged the information that it was "Jim Stone."
    Coffman, through his attorney, George M. Roberts, was given until Friday morning at 10 o'clock to plead, and is at liberty on $250 bonds furnished by Jesse M. Taylor, a well-known Applegate rancher. Coffman is charged with having in his possession "a mixture of figs, prunes, and water in the process of fermentation."
"Squirrel  Whiskey"
    According to the arresting officers, the still alleged to have been operated by Coffman was an emergency source of supply for Medford moonshiners. They claim it was a highly unsanitary proposition. His mash was kept in a tin boiler in a deserted shack, and dead gray squirrels and bats were found around the still, the animals having dropped from the rafters into the brew, and cooked alive. The tin boiler, the officers said, was enough to ensure a partaker of the concoction instant death.
    Attorney George M. Roberts, counsel for James (Shine) Edwards and John Goodwin, taxicab drivers arrested early Wednesday morning, appeared before Justice Taylor this morning and asked for arraignment. The court set the time at 10 o'clock Friday morning.
    Edwards up to noon today had been unable to secure the $1,000 fixed for his release, after a day's search for bondsmen. One man was willing to go his bonds, but the second could not be secured.
State Prosecutes Case
    All of the charges filed to date have been on state charges, and U.S. Commissioner Roy Davis has no knowledge of any federal charges being filed. Up to last night District Attorney Rawles Moore had not been officially advised on the raids and the arrests, but S. B. Sandefer, special agent, with a commission from the governor, informed Justice Taylor that a special prosecutor would be assigned to handle the case. The claim that the arrests were due to federal activity is now discredited, and reliable information indicates that the Anti-Saloon League is furnishing the sleuths for the cleanup.
Many Suspects Flee
    A number of men have departed for parts unknown since the arrests started, and warrants have been issued for their arrest. This list includes some more or less well-known citizens. Rumors in circulation setting forth that warrants had been issued for officials, past and present, are not founded on fact, but simply the usual gossip that arises whenever factional lines become drawn.
    The probing squad left this morning for the Eagle Point and Gold Hill districts on a still hunt for stills and their owners.
Joy Ride to Lake
    It has been definitely established that five operatives, in charge of Special Agent Sandefer, arrived about two weeks ago. One of the sleuths immediately made his roll of bills conspicuous, and arranged for a joyride to Prospect and Crater Lake. Feminine company was furnished. The operative rode with the young lady on a back seat, and on the trip that took nearly two days received inside information on the local bootlegging situation. He was such a liberal spender that illicit liquor agents literally fell over each other in their efforts to secure his trade. To the surplus bootleggers he gave "tips" to where they could find a "live one," who were his brother officers.
    The arrests caused a flurry of excitement among the home brewers, but their fears are ungrounded, as the raiders are only after the wholesalers, not the retailers. Besides they are protected by the search and seizure clause of the Volstead Act, which prohibits the invasion of the home for liquor without a search warrant.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 18, 1921, page 1


FUR FLIES IN CLOSING PLEAS EDWARDS TRIAL
Lawyers for State and Defense Make Charges and Counter Charges at Conclusion of Bootleg Case--Moore Flays the Moonshine Ring.

    Charges and countercharges of "frame-up" and "unfair tactics" were hurled by counsel for both sides in the arguments to the jury this morning in the trial of James (Shine) Edwards, and bitterness cropped out in the state attorney's castigating the witnesses for the defense, and the defense directing the heavy artillery of their invective and scorn against A. B. Gates, star witness for the state and special agent.
    In his plea, the district attorney called the birthday party of Mrs. Ella Tull as a "bootleggers ball," and referred to her as "that estimable lady with a seven-room house and one child."
    The tactics adopted by Mr. A. B. Gates, special agent and star witness for the state, were defended by the prosecuting attorney, as "the only way to trap the gang. If the sheriff or the police of Medford had attempted to procure evidence against them, all would have been as peaceful as a May Day, but here was a traveling man, a good spender, and he played the game so well that 'Shine' Edwards hounded him to buy liquor."
    The prosecutor also declared that the only issue in the case was whether "the law or the bootleggers would be supreme."
    The action of the defense in pleading that they had been taken by surprise was labeled as "theatrics."
    The defense began their opening argument at eleven o'clock, attorney Roberts being the opening orator.
    Attorney Roberts in his remarks scouted the claim of the state that "there had been a frame-up" and filed a countercharge of frame-up, holding the defense witnesses.had not been shaken in their testimony "while Gates had told five or six different stories on the stand," the defense attorney declared. Gates looked down his nose and shifted his gaze, while Shine looked at the jury." He also called him "low down" and "unprincipled" and hooted the state's contention "this wonderful private detective" was gathering evidence.
    "What right has this man (Gates) to get dead drunk," and "why not have a raid of raiders, who induce innocent taxicab drivers to commit crimes."
    The war record of Edwards was also presented to the jury.
    Attorney Roberts in closing his plea said, "I here and now insist and demand a grand jury investigation of the paid investigators of Jackson County."
    Attorney Gus Newbury made the closing address to the jury at the afternoon session, and attorney Moore closed for the state.
    The court warned the jury "not to be influenced by comment for counsel for either side, but to try the case on its merits," and later, when tittering swept the audience, remarked, "witnesses in the back of the room are trying to testify."
Mrs. Edwards Testifies.
    Mrs. Edwards testified that while getting ready for the trip they had driven to the home of Mrs. Tull and borrowed "some hats and a camera" and that just before starting they drove "two blocks down Central Avenue from Main Street, and that when the auto horn was honked twice, a man came and handed Mr. Gates a package." She testified that afterwards she discovered this was moonshine. She said she took two or three drinks of it.
    On cross examination, the prosecutor asked the witness how much she could drink, the witness being indefinite on the subject, and in response to another query did not know whether the horn had been sounded "in front of Dud Wolgamott's house or not."
Rippey Backfires.
    Bert Rippey, husband of Fay Rippey, who testified Wednesday that she was a guest at Mrs. Tull's birthday party, was called to the stand by the state in rebuttal, and sprung a surprise by "backfiring" on the testimony expected of him. The state attempted to impeach him, by asking questions relative to statements made in front of the Rogue River Canal Company office Wednesday evening. Rippey flatly denied that he had told the prosecutor in the presence of Gates that he had seen Edwards at Mrs. Tull's birthday party and denied that there was anything to drink.
    He said he had talked about the case to his wife and attorney Roberts. On cross examination by attorney Roberts he said his testimony had not been influenced in any way.
    Gates was called in rebuttal and testified that "there was plenty to drink" at Mrs. Tull's.
    The first witness for the defense at this morning's session was Mrs. Frankie Edwards of Klamath Falls, a resident of this city.
    She testified she first met Gates in Edwards' taxicab on Main Street on Saturday afternoon, August 6th, before the trip to Crater Lake, and that she inquired of Edwards, "are you going to the dance at Prospect?" and was informed that the jaunt would be taken if a crowd could be gathered. She said she was introduced to Gates and that he asked her to go with him. "I told him 'yes,' as I did not care who I went with as long as I got there."
    She also testified that Gates was "too drunk to walk or dance."
    James (Shine) Edwards took the stand in his own behalf at the opening of the defense in his trial on an indictment charging selling of  intoxicating liquor.
    Edwards told the jury that Gates told him he "was a creamery man, and wanted to visit every farm in the valley that had a cow." He said the plans for the Crater Lake joyride were arranged by Gates, and that the women in the party were Mrs. Frankie Edwards, a sister-in-law of the defendant and Billie Duley, a waitress. He said they left Medford and arrived at Prospect about midnight, that Gates took drinks along the road, and that he was sick. He said at Prospect, Gates fell down and insisted on going into the dance hall, and that while there Gates met George O. Roberts, and offered him a drink. About 3 o'clock in the morning they left Prospect and drove to Crater Lake, where they procured breakfast. Gates, he testified, was sick and unable to eat dinner. He also said that en route to Prospect the car struck a bump and the resultant impact threw Gates against the top of the car, bruising his forehead.
    Edwards testified that the party returned to Medford that Sunday evening and that Gates paid him $50 for the trip.
Denies Taking Drink
    The defendant testified that on a day or two previous to the Crater Lake trip Gates hired him for a drive, and that at Tenth and Oakdale they met one George Grigsby in a Ford, and that Grigsby told them to drive to the King Street garage, which they did, and there Gates received a package, which [it] was alleged contained moonshine. Edwards denied that he ever took a drink, but went through the motions only. He also denied that he had ever been in Gates' room.     George O. Roberts testified that he saw Gates in Prospect on the night of August 6th and that he "was intoxicated."
    A. McLane, a Canadian war veteran wounded four times, and proprietor of the King Street garage, corroborated the testimony of Edwards that Gates had received a package in his garage on the afternoon of August 6th, from a stranger.
    John Goodwin, a taxi driver of Edwards', testified that he heard a conversation between Edwards and Sandefer, in front of the justice court in Medford, in which Sandefer told them, "If you fellows plead guilty I believe you will get off with a light fine."
    Mrs. Ella Tull testified that she gave a birthday party on August 8 and that Gates was among the visitors.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 27, 1921, page 6


DRY ENFORCEMENT COST JACKSON CO. $3795.60 IN 1921
    Prohibition enforcement in Jackson County up to December 31st, 1921, cost $3795.60, the major portion of this sum being spent for the series of raids conducted last summer. Its cost was $2870.51, which includes salaries, outlays for evidence, mileage, gas, and incidentals in the December expense list in the war against moonshine, the following items were allowed.
    $23.09, for gas.
    $100, salary advance.
    $348 to A. B. Gates, who collected the evidence in the bootleg trials, and the star witness thereof.
    $454 for salaries and other incidentals.
    On the other hand during December over $800 in fines were collected by S. B. Sandefer, special prohibition enforcement officer in charge, who also assisted in the capture of some speeders.
    In the trial of the bootleggers, three pleaded guilty and served county jail sentences, three stood trial in the circuit court resulting in the conviction of Ernest S. (Dud) Wolgamott, who is undecided whether to appeal the case or serve a three months' county jail sentence, with a $400 fine. James (Shine) Edwards was tried twice, the jury being unable to agree, the defendant since taking up his residence in Fresno, Calif., after a short sojourn at Weed and Yreka, Calif. John Goodwin was also tried on the same charge, the jury being unable to agree. The disagreements resulted from the testimony of A. B. Gates, which varied so much that the jury refused to convict upon it.
    Special Officer Sandefer has a contract with Jackson County for sleuthing until January 15th, and the county court is undecided whether to renew it or hire a new man, whose face la not so familiar to violators of the Volstead Act. County Judge Gardner expresses the opinion that Sandefer has made a good showing, in view of the fact that the general public had no particular aversion to walking upon the amendment in question, and, also believes that bootlegging will not be so funny when the people as a whole grasp its menace.
    For the scalps of wild animals the county paid in bounty during 1921, $1967, mostly coyotes, with an occasional wildcat, cougar and wolf.
    During the year, a total of 69 divorces, two less than last year, the heaviest month being June--the month of brides--when 22 annulments of the marriage bonds were granted.
    In 1921, the marriage licenses issued were 203, and in 1920, 252, a decrease of 49.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 10, 1922, page 1


WOLGAMOTT IS ARRESTED THIRD TIME
Local Bootlegger Apprehended When Early Morning Search Reveals a Secret Liquor Cache--Search Warrant Secured Late Last Night--
John Doe Gives Police Tip.

    Ernest "Dud" Wolgamott, who has twice faced bootlegging indictments returned by the grand jury, was arrested this morning on a third charge of bootlegging. The latter arrest was due to the activity of night officer Joe Cave and S. B. Sandefer, special state prohibition officer for Jackson County, and who procured a search warrant and found Wolgamott's alleged secret cache of liquor for customers in his home on North Central Ave.
    The arrest was made by Sheriff Terrill, who accompanied the searching squad of officers, and the information leading to the discovery of the booze cache came from a man who was arrested after leaving the Wolgamott home with a bottle of booze in his possession.
    Wolgamott was convicted in circuit court last fall on an indictment for bootlegging and was given a sentence of not more than three months in jail and a fine of $400. This case, however, is pending on a plea for a new trial, during which Wolgamott has been at liberty under $1000 cash bail.
    Wolgamott's arrest came about through night patrolman Cave putting two and two together, adding the sum and laying the addition and his conclusions before state officer Sandefer.
    When at 1 o'clock this morning Cave saw a man whom the police have long suspected of knowing something about bootlegging activities in Medford, walking along Central Avenue, he stopped him and found a quart bottle of whiskey on him. He placed the man, who is carried in the court chronicles as John Doe, under arrest and conferred with night officer Leggitt. They then summoned Sandefer by phone from the Hotel Medford, and after a consultation of the three, Acting Justice of the Peace Farrell was awakened at his home at 3 a.m. to issue a search warrant for the search of Wolgamott's house, sworn out by Sandefer.
    State officer Sandefer then went over to Jacksonville, awakened Sheriff Terrill and brought the latter official to Medford to serve the warrant and make the arrest if the expected evidence was found in the search. Officers Sandefer, Cave and Leggitt and Sheriff Terrill visited the Wolgamott home together.
    When the officers entered the house Wolgamott displayed a nonchalant air. He was notified that the officers carried a search warrant and that they intended to search his domicile for liquor, whereupon he invited them to "take a look around."
    Officer Cave evidently had the correct "dope," for when the search started it did not last long. Cave removed two loose panels in the woodwork of the room, one on each side of the fireplace, and behind each panel he discovered three quarts of (supposedly) bonded whiskey. When Cave removed the panels Wolgamott remarked that he seemed to know where it was.
    Wolgamott was then placed under arrest by Sheriff Terrill and was arraigned this morning in Acting Justice Farrell's court on a charge of selling intoxicating liquor. This is Wolgamott's third arrest on such a charge.
    The preliminary hearing of the case will be held in Justice Farrell's court at 10 a.m. Monday.
    Wolgamott has been released on $1000 additional bail. According to the records of the county clerk this additional $1000 bond places him under obligations totaling $2000.
    At the preliminary hearing it is expected that Wolgamott will be represented by attorney George M. Roberts, his attorney at his previous trials.
    John Doe, who gave the information as to the booze cache following his arrest, pleaded guilty in police court this forenoon to having liquor in his possession, and was fined $20 and costs. In consideration of his giving information, his identity is protected by the authorities.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 21, 1922, page 1


BOOTLEGGER IS GIVEN 30 DAYS JAIL, $250 FINE
    The usual weekly bootlegging sensation in Medford opened here today, with Sam W. McClenden being sentenced in Justice Taylor's court to 30 days in jail and a fine of $250 and costs, following his arrest late Saturday night on the charge of selling a quart of whiskey to Dan Pritchard, a canal company worker, who was also arrested, pleaded guilty and was fined $10 today in the same court on the charge of intoxication.
    This cleanup is due to the activities of S. B. Sandefer, Special Prohibition Enforcing Officer for the state, assisted by Night Patrolmen Leggitt, Cave and Adams.
    The arrest of McClenden for the second time on practically the same charge and under similar circumstances within three weeks, in itself furnished a local sensation, which was greatly added to through McClenden promptly confessing to the officers after his arrest that in the sale of the quart bottle of whiskey to Pritchard for $16, he was again acting as the go-between for Dud Wolgamott and the purchaser.
    Three weeks ago as McClenden was leaving the home of Wolgamott on North Central Avenue, he was arrested with liquor in his possession and confessed then to having just gotten it in the Wolgamott house. In his confession, he told that Wolgamott kept liquor for sale cached in behind secret panels in the rear of the fireplace. A search of the house by the officers resulted in finding the liquor as McClenden had told and the arrest of Wolgamott and his being bound over to the grand jury in $500 cash bail. A case against Wolgamott for bootlegging was then pending in circuit court and he was enjoying his freedom under $1,000 cash bail.
    The story of McClenden and Pritchard as to last Saturday night's events, to which it is understood that they had made affidavits, is to the effect that Pritchard gave McClenden $16 to buy a quart of whiskey of Wolgamott, and the two then went to Wolgamott's home to get it, Pritchard remaining outside on the street while McClenden went inside to negotiate the transaction with Wolgamott. McClenden came from the house with the information that they should walk on down the street a ways and that Wolgamott would deliver the quart himself.
    They walked away half a block, the two men claimed, when Wolgamott drove up in his car and handed the bottle over to Pritchard.
    It seems that McClenden and Pritchard were shadowed by officers. Pritchard then went to his room in a rooming house and invited a friend in to help him drink up the booze and they were engaged in that duty when the police closed in on them and arrested Pritchard.
    Up to the hour of going to press this afternoon no arrest warrant had been served on Wolgamott, and neither could information be obtained from Officer Sandefer or at the county prosecutor's office as to whether a warrant would be taken out.
    In Justice Taylor's court this forenoon Sandefer made a statement after McClenden had pleaded guilty stating that the latter "had come clean about Wolgamott" in his two arrests on bootlegging charges, and that he claimed that while he had sold much liquor for Wolgamott he had never received a cent of remuneration from him for such sales. Therefore, McClenden asked him to state that he thought this should entitle him to leniency should the court feel like extending such.
    "Thirty days in jail and a fine of $250," snapped Justice Taylor with flashing eyes.
    On McClenden's previous arrest he was carried on the records as John Doe, in consideration of his having given information about Wolgamott, which led to the latter's arrest, and his plea to the authorities not to have his name made public because he desired to keep his trouble from his aged parents. McClenden was taken over to the county jail immediately after he was sentenced today. Justice Taylor was away on his vacation at the time of McClenden's previous arrest.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 6, 1922, page 1


ROOMING HOUSE IS RAIDED BY DRY SLEUTHS
Mrs. Flora Manning Fined $500 and George Miller Gets 20 Days in Jail
and $250 Fine After Pleading Guilty.

    Mrs. Flora Manning, proprietress of the Park Rooms, and George Miller, and employee of Mrs. Manning, pleaded guilty this morning in Justice Taylor's court to charges of possessing intoxicating liquor. Miller was sentenced to 20 days in the county jail and was fined $250. Mrs. Manning was not given a jail sentence, but was fined $500, which is the maximum for the first offense. The court granted Mrs. Manning until Monday to secure the money.
    The defendants were arrested last night as the result of the discovery of seven bottles of moonshine whiskey in the Park Rooming House by a searching party headed by special agent Sandefer. Miller's brother was also taken into custody at the time of the search and spent last night in the county jail with the rest of the party. No complaint was filed against him, however, as his brother claimed the ownership of the liquor.
    The Park Rooming House, at the corner of Main and Holly sts., has been under observation by prohibition officials since December, and not until several days ago was sufficient evidence secured to allow the issuance of a search warrant.
    Patrolmen Cave, Leggitt and Adams, Deputy Sheriff Forncrook and Special Agent Sandefer took part in the search.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 24, 1922, page 1


    Last Saturday night there was the regular dance here and there was only a very few in attendance and there was, according to reports, one of the most disgraceful affairs we have had here for some time. I heard one of our prominent business men, in speaking of the conduct there, say that almost every one of the young men and larger boys were drunk and that moonshine was there in abundance and another reported that one of the boys put a bottle of moonshine in the center of the room and commenced to dance around it, but finally one of them kicked it over, spilling it over the floor. The conduct has reached the point where many of our young people treat our laws as a burlesque and defy our officers and make sport of the idea of enforcing any of the prohibiting statutes. For instance, I saw a small group of young men busily engaged at something on the sidewalk and I heard them laughing after the gathering dispersed, and one of them remarked, "Well, I skinned him out of six dollars," but who the man was who spoke or who he referred to as having been skinned I do not know. But what else can we expect of our youths, when men are arrested and brought to trial for violation of the law and men are selected to sit as jurors to try a case and will hang a jury and then admit that they were satisfied that the man was guilty, but that the principal witness for the state, in a bootlegging case, assigned as a reason that the witness was drunk himself. It is a common thing to hear men and in some instances women express their approval of the fact that certain ones are acquitted of a charge of crime simply because they object to certain laws that have been enacted by our representatives in the lawmaking bodies of our country.
A. C. Howlett, "Eagle Point Eaglets," Medford Mail Tribune, February 24, 1922, page 10


PHOENIX RANCH RAIDED, OWNER MAKES ESCAPE
    As a result of the raid on the Park Rooms Thursday night, Preston Phillips' ranch near Phoenix was raided Friday night and a large amount of cash, liquor, still and other accessories taken by the county authorities.
    Sheriff C. E. Terrill, Deputy Forncrook and S. B. Sandefer left this city shortly after 8 o'clock. On the way out they picked up Phillips in a Phoenix pool hall and he accompanied them to his place and unlocked the door.
    The worm of the still and three mash barrels were found at once and a careful search for the liquor began. Deputy Forncrook was in the corner of the room examining some boxes, Sheriff Terrill was extricating the worm from the barrel in which it was installed and Sandefer was looking under the bed in another room when he looked up and asked Preston a question. No answer to the query was heard and the officers found that the moonshiner had skipped. They went to the door and tried to pierce the thick blackness of the night but could see only a few feet. The sounds of Preston's footsteps as he ran could be heard and when he had reached quite a distance from the house he stumbled over a sleeping cow which was wearing a bell. The cow emitted unearthly sounds and rattled the bell in a lively manner, but the path the fugitive had taken was through thick brush and the others were unable to pursue him successfully. About two gallons of liquor were found last night.
    Deputy District Attorney George Codding accompanied the officers to the moonshiner's house this morning and all the property in the house was confiscated, loaded upon a county truck and listed by Mr. Codding. A search for the remainder of the still was conducted this morning and a large amount of the brushy land near the Phillips house was explored. No trace of the apparatus was found. Shortly after the search commenced, however, a five-gallon keg, half full of moonshine, was discovered in the bushes along the small creek near the house by Sheriff Terrill. A short time after this find had been made by the sheriff, S. B. Sandefer began searching two piles of laurel boughs which had been freshly cut and had been piled behind the house. The first of these netted nothing but in going through the second pile a full-sized barrel, half full of moonshine, was found This brings the total amount of the liquor found to a point between 30 and 40 gallons.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 25, 1922, page 1


SHINE EDWARDS CONVICTED ON BOOZE CHARGE
    James (Shine) Edwards, three times tried on a charge of selling intoxicating liquor, was found guilty by a jury in the circuit court Wednesday afternoon, after about three hours deliberation. In two previous trials the jury was unable to agree.
    The first two ballots, according to report, stood nine to three for conviction, the third ten to two for conviction, and the fourth and final one resulted in a conviction.
    Future legal action in the case is undecided, but it is said that the case may be appealed to the supreme court.
    The case, one of the hardest fought in the history of Jackson County jurisprudence, hinges upon the sale of liquor to A. B. Gates, a state prohibition officer. Edwards alleged in his defense that the liquor said to have been purchased from him was purchased from Joe Kidd, who is under indictment but uncaught. Much of the lively testimony of the previous trials relating to a joyride to Crater Lake and Prospect in the taxi driven by Edwards, in which Gates and women were members, was ruled out by the court.
    The trial of John Goodwin, also charged with selling intoxicating liquors, a previous trial resulting in a disagreement of the jury, was begun this morning, the work of selecting the jury now being underway.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 4, 1922, page 1


TO ESTABLISH SANITY LEAGUE IN JACKSON CO.
    The Sanity League of America, a national, incorporated organization seeking a modification of the Volstead Act so as to permit the manufacture and sale of light wines and beer under government control, is being organized here.
    W. H. Willis of Portland, who is the district organizer in Southern Oregon, says that the present law is producing lawbreakers by the millions; flooding the country with poisonous liquors causing untold sickness and death; and that the effort to enforce the law is costing $100,000,000 annually, which must come out of the taxpayers' pockets.
    "The saloon is gone forever," said Mr. Willis, "and during my canvass I don’t find one person out of a hundred who wants to see it back; but the Sanity League does believe that light wines and beer under strict government control would take the profits out of the moonshine and bootlegging business and automatically restore these lawbreakers to law-abiding citizens."
    Rev.  Baker P. Lee is president of the league, and its advisory board is made up of the following nationally known men:
    Congressman Julius Kahn, John D. Spreckles, Judge O. N. Hilton, General M. O. Terry, ex-surgeon general state of New York, U. S. Grant, Jr., Martin Bohrman, Crawford H. Ellis, Chas. Weinberger, G. B. Baldwin, Urban Koen, Warren C. Crane.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 1, 1922, page 3


STILL CHARGE EXPLAINED BY LOCAL LAWYER
Don Newbury, in Public Statement, Explodes Campaign Story That Sheriff Terrill Rented Still for Purpose of Making Moonshine.

    To the Editor: I have more than a passing interest in the vicious rumor that has been maliciously circulated throughout Jackson County for some time past that Sheriff Charlie Terrill has rented a still to private parties and a fraternal order for the purpose of distilling moonshine. T have firsthand information as to the basis of this vile charge.
    Sometime during last February, I, together with Olen Arnspiger and C. C. Lemmon, was placed on the dance committee of the local Elks lodge. This committee conceived the idea of giving a hard times dance, and to carry out that scheme, decided to obtain a still somewhere and place it in the ballroom of the lodge, and run sweet cider through it for the crowd to drink and for their information as to the character of a still, and for what amusement they might get out of the general idea.
    It was suggested at our committee meeting that we could probably obtain a still, for a day or so from the sheriff, and in pursuance of that idea, I went over to Jacksonville the day before the dance, and inside the county jail where the stills were ordinarily kept, and, in the presence of Bert Moses, S. B. Sandefer, and one or two other parties whose names I do not recall, informed the sheriff of the scheme. Those present took a decided interest in the matter, and each one of them lent his assistance and suggestions in picking out the most suitable still/ I brought this still over to Medford, placed it in the ballroom of the lodge, and ran cider through it during the dance, before some one hundred local Elks and their ladies. If there is any doubt in the minds of innocent persons who have been misled by this rumor that moonshine was distilled in the Elks lodge that night, I refer them to any person who was present at the dance.
    The morning after the dance, I returned the still to the sheriff at the county jail at Jacksonville, in precisely the same condition in which 1 had obtained it from him.
    The two parties above named as present in the county jail at the time the scheme was explained to the sheriff, and who are ardent supporters of the present recall movement, have, if not willfully, assisted in the circulation of this rumor, at least made no effort so far as I am able to learn to explain the circumstances to their cohorts, in accordance with their knowledge of the affair. In my estimation this is a most characteristic example of the methods being employed by some of the more ardent supporters of the recall against the sheriff, to poison the minds of the unsuspecting public against this official, and the rumor circulated in connection with it is as worthy of belief by the voters of Jackson County as any other rumor circulated about the sheriff that has come to my attention.
Yours very truly,
    DON R. NEWBURY.
        Medford, July 28, 1922.
Medford Mail Tribune, July 28, 1922, page 1


    A few days ago Charley Terrill and wife accompanied by Miss Mabel Haines, the secretary of the Red Cross Society, stopped on their way up to Derby to look after the condition of a family whose husband and father was confined in the county jail for bootlegging, and in the run of conversation Charley remarked that he had only eighteen in the jail at that time, although he had had twenty-one in there a few days before but that some of them were turned out, that they come and go, and that they were mostly in for violating the prohibition law, and that brought up the subject of the expense of their keep. It is a very common thing to hear one remark that one can bootleg a little, while there is good money in it and if they get caught that the justice of the peace will fine them only about ten dollars and ten to twenty days in jail where they will have good warm quarters and free grub during the winter and that there is no disgrace to go to jail for breaking that law, and we don't wonder at their making such a remark as that when the older ones are teaching them that very idea, especially when they can spend the winter in jail and save the expense of board, come out in the spring and get a job and go to work again. While their reasoning is very good so far as the upkeep and comfort of the jail is concerned, there is a way to meet just such cases, and by that means act as a motive for them to look on that kind of a life from a different standpoint altogether.
A. C. Howlett, "Eagle Point Eaglets," Medford Mail Tribune, December 15, 1922, page 8


STILL ON ROXY ANN IS RAIDED BY THE SHERIFF
One of Largest Hauls in Local History Made by County Official on Big Moonshine Plant--
4 Operators Make Escape.

    In a raid on a deserted house on the Rousseau coal mine property, on the north flank of Roxy Ann, at three o'clock Thursday morning, the sheriff's office seized two stills of 20 and 35 gallon capacity, three barrels of mash, 60 gallons of moonshine in the "second boiling" stage, a truckload of equipment used in the apparently flourishing bootleg operations. The four operators of the illicit outfit, whose names and addresses are known, and for whom warrants have been issued, fled upon the approach of the raiding party, their suspicions being aroused by an early morning hunting party.
    The first intimation that a still was in operation came from neighbors, who suffered from chicken thieves. The investigation of the henhouse depredations led to following up a stench. When the officers arrived, the fires were still burning under the stills, the dishwater was hot, and an unfinished epistle of one of the bootleggers to his sweetheart was found lying on a table. Tracks of the fugitives made in their flight down the creek bed were found. One made a mighty stride in his haste, footprints measuring nine feet from hoof track to hoof track.
    The seizure is the largest in months in this city or county, and the moonshiners did business on an efficiency basis. They kept a record of their output. On December 27th, four gallons and one quart were manufactured. They had been in operation for three weeks, maintained a house in this city as a distributing center, and had two automobiles. In protecting their activities, they maintained a lookout on the roof of the hovel, and always had an automobile standing in a narrow spot in the road to halt a speedy approach. One of the gang acted as lookout, two tended to the manufacture, and one was the downtown salesman.
    All the paraphernalia and concoctions seized was taken to the county jail for destruction, officially, and the two autos seized as contraband. Two witnesses, Attorney B. F. Lindas and Frank Corleis, were taken along by the sheriff as witnesses to meet the usual charges, when whiskey is concerned, that quantities of it were confiscated.
    The moonshine, recording to the sheriff, was wonderfully and fearfully made, in conditions of filth unexcelled in this world or the next one. The stills were crudely built, and smeared with dough and dirt. Quantity, not quality, was the motto.
    The output was 100 proof by test, and slate colored in the "second boiling." As a sanitary step, the mess was drained through charcoal. Then the decoction was colored with tobacco juice, and sold for $5 a pop bottle. Business was lively, and some of this product was represented as being from the booze car seized in Hittson's garage ten days ago. That nobody is in the morgue, the sheriff says, is a wonder.
    In one of the letters left behind by the bootleggers, a father at Roseburg urges his boy to "live right," and hopes "he likes his work in the coal mine." Another epistle written by the moonshiners says "that white-headed old fool of a sheriff is going to make trouble for us.'' Another told of how the stills were run day and night, and "a cleanup" was predicted.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 5, 1923, page 1


AGED MOONSHINE SELLER RETURNED TO JACKSON CO.
    W. H. Price, an aged man convicted last summer of moonshining and sentenced to serve a year and pay a fine of $1500, has been brought back to Jackson County from Multnomah County, where he has been incarcerated, and, according to Sheriff Terrill, who escorted him here, Price was before Governor Pierce Wednesday in a hearing of his case and investigation of conditions in this country.
    Price is 74 years old, sick and partially paralyzed, and was sent to Multnomah County under protest, as better fitted for the poor farm than the jail. What disposition will now be made of the aged unfortunate has not been decided upon, but the case will probably be given a rigorous airing, as many people have interested themselves in the case.
    Price was sent back from Multnomah County, under a recent ruling by the county court there, that the sheriff should be the sole judge of whom he would receive from outside counties as prisoners.
    Price lived on an island in Rogue River below Gold Hill, and a tin still was captured in a raid by prohibition enforcement officers. Price was painted as a particularly hard-boiled citizen at the time, with a penchant for guns.

Medford Mail Tribune, November 30, 1923, page 3


WINE CELLAR IN JACKSONVILLE IS ORDERED CLOSED
Sheriff Terrill Padlocks August Petard's Family Wine Cellar After Conference with Sandefer--Confiscation Action to Be Filed.
    The wine cellar of August Petard owner of the vineyard on the hill west of Jacksonville, was padlocked this morning by Sheriff Terrill, after a conference with County Prohibition Enforcement Agent Sam B. Sandefer, and the court will decide the right of the aged Frenchman and his family to retain the vintage, consisting of 600 gallons of wine, and 50 quarts of wine in bottles, cobwebbed and dirty with age. Action for confiscation will be launched in the circuit court.
    The finer legal phases of the prohibition law are said to be involved in the case, to wit: the right to have alcoholic beverages, upon claim it was made before the prohibition law became effective.
    Allegations and gossip have been flying for weeks that the wine was being retailed to bootleggers, but no confirmation of this has ever been made public.
    The Petards are French, and have lived in Jacksonville for ten years. According to their attorney, Herbert K. Hanna, "they kept to themselves pretty much, and practically lived on bread and wine."
    The Petards insist that their wine was used only for family purposes.
    In the cellar of the home was found, besides the wine, 24 empty barrels and 1000 empty bottles, besides other containers.
    After the legal action was taken, Petard was allowed to go on his own recognizance.
    Prohibition Officer Sandefer and aides, accompanied by Sheriff Terrill, visited the Petard home this forenoon.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 1, 1924, page 1


    Moonshiners, here's your chance of a lifetime--two 500-gallon and two 250-gallon redwood tanks will be sold at the courthouse tomorrow at ten o'clock by the sheriff at auction sale--the remains of the notorious Sams Valley distillery.
Jacksonville Post, June 6, 1924, page 1


TO HOLD COURT AT EAGLE POINT
    A novel procedure will begin Monday, June 30, when County Judge G. A. Gardner will sit in judgment in the trial of a number of alleged bootleggers at Eagle Point. A number of jurors will be drawn from the circuit court jury list to try these cases, and as it is the first instance, in this county at least, where the county judge has tried cases except at the court house, the outcome will be watched with interest.
    If reports are half true Eagle Point has a number of "bad actors," speaking in terms of the prohibition law, and up to date neither the peace officers nor the courts have been able to cope with the situation. If Judge Gardner can remedy these conditions many people will be agreeably surprised.
Medford Clarion, June 20, 1924, page 1


THEN AND NOW
    It is actually amusing to see how hard some folks take their prohibition. If a person speaks what most people think, they are said to be "wet"--whatever that is.
    In the "old days," folks who were thirsty and didn't care walked into the front door of the saloon and took their "setting up" exercises.
    The more timid ones used the back door. The thirsty, who had not the courage of their convictions, suffered their thirst at home, and "jined up" with the prohibitionists--as long as they had to deny themselves, they desired that others, less hypocritical than themselves, should be denied.
    The "result"--the country was voted dry.
    Now we have never favored liquor for any purpose, so we did not patronize the saloon before prohibition set in, nor the drugstore since. Neither do we experiment with raisins, etc. But the serious part of it all is that so many folks do.
    Of course, it is contrary to law, the same as we understand profanity to be--a fine comes along in the wake of the finding of booze, so a lot of folks profess to favor prohibition for the simple reason that they fear getting caught with the "goods."
    Children who would never have entered a saloon now open "Dad's" refrigerator and take a "shot" of poison. High school boys and girls, who never would have tasted the dirty poison dispensed by the saloon, now pour the drugstore brand of Jamaica Ginger into the "near beer" of the "soft drink" joint, and drink to their own damnation.
    Friends, you may call us "wet" if you wish. You may stop the paper if you do not like to read the truth. You may blind yourselves to the facts, but that does not change them materially.
    You may drink anything you wish, that is your business. If it kills you, you'll be dead a long time, but we cannot see any sense in "kidding" ourselves into thinking that the present brand of "prohibition" is a moral success.
    The Devil never had a better tool to work with than that "Jew-made" farce.
    Never before in the history of the United States was official corruption more rampant; never before was moral delinquency so prevalent, and yet this is the Utopia which prohibition promised.
    Social lists are now confined to "those who can be trusted," and the farce is kept up by the putrid efforts of paid lobbyists.
    Many folks who were ashamed to be seen in a saloon now get their daily dose of "rotgut" at home. Thus is American prohibition made a success.
    Now "curse" us if you want to, and break another "sacred law."
Pacific Record Herald, Medford, June 26, 1924, page 3


ROSEY FORCED TO PURSUE HOOCH CAR AT POINT OF GUN
    One of the big surprises of their lives was met with Monday forenoon when John M. Scott of Portland, assistant passenger traffic manager of the Southern Pacific; A. S. Rosenbaum, district passenger and freight agent of the same railroad, and Judge Wm. Colvig of Medford were driving in Rosenbaum's car between Anna Spring camp and the south entrance of Crater national park, en route to Klamath Falls.
    They were discussing the probable effect of a bumblebee sting on a piece of steel plate, paying no attention to a car ahead of them in the distance. Suddenly a burly man with an ugly-looking revolver strapped about his body sprang out from the roadside and, halting them after exhibiting his badge, said: "I am a government officer after four bootleggers in that next car who are desperate Indians from the Klamath Reservation and will shoot as soon as I tackle them."
    "Drive and pass that car," tersely continued the officer who had commandeered Rosenbaum's car. Then he got into the car and repeated the command.
    "Did y-y-you say those men would sh-sh-oot?" inquired Rosie tremulously.
    "Yes, drive on and hurry."
    The Medford railroad man did as commanded and as his car passed that of the bootleggers the officer sprang out and brought the latter car to a halt with his gun, while Rosenbaum sped on for the south entrance as he, Scott and Colvig expected to dodge bullets every second.
    They finally looked around, and the last they saw of the officer and the bootleggers was one of the Indians handing over to the officer a bottle. That is all they know about the case.
    However, when the cars passed Judge Colvig gave the other car a good look and saw that one of the men in it was an Indian he had prosecuted forty years ago for being mixed up in a shooting affray when the Judge was prosecuting attorney of this district, which then comprised Klamath, Lakeview, Jackson and Josephine County.
    He regards the coincidence of Monday as rather remarkable.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 19, 1924, page 8


SANDEFER'S CAR IS RIDDLED BY LEAD IN RAID
Prohibition Officer Target--Auto Body Bullet Punctured, Also Tires--
Identity of Assailants and Locality Kept Secret.

    The automobile driven by county prohibition enforcement agent Sam B. Sandefer was badly riddled with bullets from a .45 automatic revolver Wednesday night in an attempted arrest of bootleggers. A bullet sped through the front of the car, and the hind tires were punctured by the leaden pellets. The rear was showered with bullets. The official had a close call.
    Up to two o'clock this afternoon, no report of the affair had been made to the district attorney's or sheriff's office.
    Sandefer according to the garage employees, where he brought his car this morning for repairs, refused to say anything, except that he had been fired upon, when he surprised bootleggers he had been watching. He claimed he knew the names of his assailants, but refused to reveal their identity. He also refused to give the locality where the shooting occurred.
    Sandefer could not be located this afternoon for a verification or an account of the affair.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 28, 1924, page 1


SANDEFER TELLS OF GUN FIGHT IN SISKIYOUS
Dramatic Conclusion to Arrest of Bootleggers Delivering Moonshine--Youngest Gets Drop on Officer--Four in Arresting Party--Details of Fracas.
    Sam B. Sandefer, county prohibition enforcement officer, gives the following account of the gun battle early Thursday morning, on the summit of the Siskiyous, in which members of his party narrowly escaped death from a hail of bullets, and his automobile was riddled. The firing party consisted of two, and possibly three, men.
    According to the official, one of the bootleggers got the drop when he was in the act of putting the pair under arrest, emptied the moonshine, intended for delivery, and escaped in a fusillade of shots.
    "I received a tip Wednesday," said Sandefer, "that there was to be a delivery of moonshine, and with my daughter Francis, Clay Walker, and another man went to the Siskiyous near what is known as the Dinty Moore place, and waited. I stationed Clay down the road to watch.
    "In a little while a car appeared and stopped, and I parked mine nose to nose with it. A conversation followed in which the following sentences were spoken: 'We're a little bit late,' and 'Where is the kid?' I tried to get the two together, and seeing that they were too cute, I flashed my star and said: 'Boys, I want your booze, and you are under arrest.'
    "In the meantime, the youngest of the pair came up behind, and putting a revolver to my head, said: 'You're not going to pull anything like that.'
    "I replied, 'I guess you are right, brother.'
    "He then started to fumble with the two five-gallon kegs in the car and my daughter said, 'Papa, they're emptying out the moonshine." I knew it. I could hear it gurgle and hit the ground, but that did not interest me much. At this juncture the chap who had me covered ran for his car and I took to cover. They started their car, and after a short detour through the brush I reached mine and started to drive towards them.
    "I had gone no distance to speak of when a man bobbed up in front of the car and commanded, 'Halt.' Immediately he opened fire. When it began I shoved my daughter out of the car. One of the bullets passed through the seat and how it ever missed her I can't understand. I ran to a gravel pit and told her to stay there until I came for her. I could have opened fire on them from my cover, but I thought what is the use of telling anybody for a little moonshine. The pair then drove away, and we hunted for them until 2:15 o'clock. The shooting started at about 12:30 o'clock."
    Sandefer gave that during the proceedings he was more interested in the safety of his daughter than anything else, and that Clay Walker's pistol had something the matter with it. Another member of the party was in the back seat of the car. Seven bullets hit the car.
    Further developments in the case are scheduled.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 29, 1924, page 1


SHINE EDWARDS CASE UP AGAIN ON WEDNESDAY
    John (Shine) Edwards, now residing in Klamath County, a former resident of this city, Dale Smith and Hattie Smith, Frank McKay, and Mark and Viola Kunz will enter pleas Wednesday to charges involving violations of the prohibition law. All are out on bonds.
    The Edwards case has been pending since 1922, the Smiths are charged with possession and manufacture on West Second Street in this city; the Kunzes are charged with possession and manufacture on their place near Butte Falls; Pech is charged with possession and had his car confiscated, and McKay is charged with possession.
    In a roundup staged by the sheriff's office and federal prohibition authorities, four stills were seized in Jackson County last week.
    Next Monday in the justice court the preliminary bearing of George Neuber, charged with violation of the prohibition law, will be held. Neuber is at liberty on $1000 bonds.
    Elmer O. Peters, a youth, charged with forgery, will also enter a plea Wednesday.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 16, 1924, page 8


GASOLINE SETTLES IT
    A writer in a metropolitan newspaper takes the position that gasoline has forever settled the prohibition amendment, including the Volstead Act.
    His logic is good in the light of the facts. There are more than fifteen million registered automobiles and motor trucks in the United States, one for every seven persons.
    Is there any sensible person who will admit that any one of these fifteen million drivers should be permitted to drink? We scarcely think so.
    The locomotive engineer, who under railroad rules and discipline of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers is not allowed to drink intoxicating liquor, was never under any greater strain than the man driving an automobile in city traffic or on [a] crowded country highway.
    He needs a cool head, a clear eye and a steady hand to protect not alone his own life, but the lives of those who ride with him.
    The power of the influence of public opinion is beginning to have its effect, because at least half of the people ride in automobiles, and they are demanding that drivers of machines shall abstain from strong drink.
    The influence for sobriety will grow with the development of the automobile, and it is already expressing itself in more stringent laws to punish drunken drivers. More and more judges are sending to jail men who are caught driving automobiles while intoxicated.
    Gasoline is undoubtedly going to settle the prohibition question for all time.
Ashland Daily Tidings, November 18, 1924, page 2


NOT GUILTY IS VERDICT RETURNED IN DAHACK CASE
        After 6 hours' deliberation the jury in the Dahack case at 3 p.m. this afternoon returned a verdict of not guilty.
    The circuit court jury in the trial of Everett Dahack of Eagle Point, charged with violation of the prohibition laws, began its deliberations at 10 o'clock this morning, and was still out at noon.
    The chief witness against Dahack was E. O. Bradley, who alleged that he purchased liquor from the defendant last July. A check given to Ernest Dahack, a brother of the defendant, was presented as evidence. Ernest said he remembered the check because Bradley had tendered payment for gasoline and groceries, "including more pigs feet than usual." From Dahack's testimony, it developed that Bradley was fond of them. Ernest could not remember the exact date he gave the check to Everett, and was pressed hard by Deputy Prosecutor Gaylord for a definite answer, who insisted upon one. Finally Ernest said:
    "I don't know for sure, but I gave it to Everett some time after I got it."
    Bradley in his testimony told of issuing the check and buying the rum and Attorney Kelly attempted to show a wide variance between his present testimony and what he said at the preliminary hearing.
    Bradley admitted taking a drink, but said he had reformed since, and interjected uncomplimentary remarks about the quality of the stimulants he alleges he bought.
    Bradley denied that the wound in the head, sustained during the war, made him irresponsible for what he said, but opined that the moonshine he imbibed would result in mental fogginess.
    The witness testified that he often wrote checks, with as "high as $100" in his pockets, but denied that he had told friends "that he didn't need to buy liquor because I am a good bootlegger myself, and have some buried on Ross Lane." Bradley said he never said it and did not know where Ross Lane was.
    A legal flurry ensued when Deputy Prosecutor Gaylord asserted that counsel for the defense "was fishing far afield."
    This aroused Attorney Kelly, who entered a denial that "I am either fishing, or in a field, and demand the withdrawal of the observation of learned counsel for the state."
    The court settled the uprising by ordering the case to proceed.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 20, 1924, page 7


JURY ACQUITS EVERETT DAHACK
    The jury in case of State of Oregon vs. Everett Dahack, after six hours deliberation, brought in a verdict of "not guilty." E. E. Kelly represented the defendant. The moral conviction of many who hear the evidence was that the defendant had undoubtedly been trafficking in moonshine, but the jury was unable to return a verdict of guilty on the evidence. C. C. Gilchrist of Sams Valley signed the verdict as foreman.
Jackson County New, November 21, 1924, page 1



    To the Editor:
    It appears in the press dispatches of the 13th inst. that Scribner & Sons have just published "a shorter Bible," from which are eliminated all references which seem to favor or uphold the use of wine. This new translation has been made by Prof. Charles Foster Kent, professor of Biblical literature at Yale, assisted by Frederick Harris of the Y.M.C.A. and Ethel Cutler of the Y.W.C.A.
    In the King James version, it is told that David dealt out "a cake of bread and a good piece of flesh and a flagon of wine," but in this bible of the prohis the word wine is eliminated and "a cake of raisins" substituted, therefore, again, where Isaiah refers to the children of Israel as loving "flagons of wine at their festivals," it is made to read "and loves to eat raisin cakes at their festivals."
    This "shorter Bible," however, does not change the words of the King James version where it says "wine is a mocker--strong drink is turbulent" and in other instances where the sentiment expressed seems to accord with the views of these modern reformers. I have not seen this shorter bible, and I am at a loss to know just how it renders some of the statements of Holy Writ, as for instance Paul's advice to Timothy, "Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake" (1st Tim. 23) or "Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts--Let him drink and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more." (Proverbs XXI:6-7). Shall we substitute "raisin cake" in these citations? In the first chapter of Esther it is stated that "the heart of the king was merry with wine." There is nothing wrong in being merry, but I wonder what effect "raisin cake" would have had on old Ahasuerus.
    The IX chapter of Genesis tells us that "Noah planted a vineyard, and he drank of the wine and was drunken." Here I judge there is no need of substituting raisin cake?
    I do not know where these eminent theologians got their authority to revise the Bible, and make it accord with their intemperate views--for it is written, "If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues which are written in this book    *    *    *    and if any man shall take away from the words of the book, God shall take away his part out of the book of life." (Rev. XXII-18-19).
    The entire chapter, telling of the miracle performed at the marriage feast of Cana--of turning water into wine--is omitted from this Volstead Bible.
    Now raisin cake is all right in its place, and the California boosters will rejoice at having their leading product advertised from the pulpits of the land in so signal a manner, but I submit that only a fanatic can appreciate such a bible.
"Communications," Medford Mail Tribune, March 19, 1925, page 7


STILL IS RAIDED, AGED INVALID ALLEGED OWNER
    In a raid this morning by the sheriff's and district attorney's office a 15-gallon still, 200 gallons of mash, and seven gallons of moonshine were confiscated, and John Doe Sears, age 60, an invalid, is held as the proprietor thereof. The still was located eight miles northeast of Eagle Point, and was so cleverly hidden in the timber that it was hard to detect.
    When the raiding party arrived, Sears was in the act of building a fire for the day's run.
    According to the authorities Sears has been operating for several weeks, carrying his corn and sugar and other ingredients to the plant in small lots.
    A discarded tin boiler was found in the brush, near the still, and the authorities claim the bottom had been eaten out by the effects of the mash. The boiler in use was of copper.
    Sears will be arraigned for a preliminary hearing in the morning.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 28, 1925, page 3


MOONSHINERS IN JAIL STAGE FIGHT, GUARD DOUBLED
    A special session of the grand jury was called this morning, to dispose of liquor cases pending. It is expected to conclude the work by night. The cases include those of Bill Short, alias Shannon, who held up Sheriff Jennings and Federal Prohibition Officer McCredie, at the point of a rifle, when caught with illicit liquor on his ranch in the Applegate a week ago. Joe Palmer, a Los Angeles newsboy and preliminary fighter, charged with driving away the auto holding the moonshine and dumping the latter in a creek, and Garland, 14, and Agnes Reid, 19, brother and sister, arrested on the Short ranch, charged with alleged assistance in the making of the moonshine, are also held.
    Tuffy Reid, who was hanged at San Quentin prison last spring, is said to have been a brother of Garland and Agnes Reid. The mother is detained in the county jail, at her own request, and with no charge against her.
    Another case is that of H. T. Stonebreaker, 19, an Ashland youth, charged with possession of a still in the Emigrant Creek district, with Jack DeRondon of this city and C. Conway of Ashland.
    According to the authorities, Stonebreaker and Conway engaged in a fight in the county jail, in which Conway sustained a broken nose. Bad feeling over information given the authorities is said to have been the cause of the row.
    As a precautionary measure since the incarceration of the above prisoners, two jailers are on duty at the county jail until their cases are disposed of.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 3, 1925, page 6


VANILLA EXTRACT LEADS TO 60-DAY JAIL SENTENCE
    Because of his badly inebriated condition on vanilla extract which caused his car to go off the Pacific Highway three miles north of the city at about 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon and tilt in a dangerous angle in a ditch, whereupon he went calmly to sleep inside the car, Francis Adair, about 50 years old, an Ashland restaurant proprietor, was given a sentence of 60 days in the county jail, a $100 fine and had his driver's license revoked for one year in Justice Roe's court at Jacksonville late yesterday afternoon.
    The arrest was made by Allison Moulton, assistant district attorney, in his capacity as deputy sheriff, although Chief of Police Adams of this city was at the scene at the same time, but had no authority to make the arrest, being outside the city limits.
    It is seldom an intoxicated man is hauled into court while still under the Influence, but under the circumstances Mr. Moulton thought it wise to introduce an innovation.
    It seems that when Adair's car went into the ditch that individual deemed it a good time to curl up and go to sleep. Then a woman from the vicinity phoned in to the Medford police station that she had passed a man asleep or dead in a car along the highway. Thereupon Chief Adams drove hurriedly out to the scene and was just awakening Adair when along came Assistant District Attorney Moulton, who was driving home from Ashland.
    When thoroughly awakened by the two officials the befuddled Ashland man was at first inclined to be quite abusive and started to make wild claims as to his identity, at times claiming he was a Texas bad man, a United States marshal from Texas, even going so far as to pretend to search for his badge; and finally claiming to be a prominent citizen of Ashland. On him was found one full bottle of vanilla extract and an empty bottle of the same fluid.
    Adair was finally bundled into the assistant prosecutor's car and hurried over to Justice Roe's court at Jacksonville. En route he juggled a handful of $20 gold pieces and ever and anon proudly proclaimed that he was going to court to get a light fine.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 9, 1925, page 3


STILL AND MASH SEIZED IN RAID IN SAMS VALLEY
M. E. Blakeley Thought Officers Were Customers--Wife Ill in Hospital--
Had Complete Outfit, Officials Say.

    A 26-gallon moonshine still, 300 gallons of mash and 42 gallons of moonshine whiskey were seized last night when federal prohibition officer Clatous McCredie and state special officer T. A. Talent arrested W. L. Blakeley on his ranch in the Sams Valley district. His preliminary hearing was scheduled to take place this afternoon before Judge Glenn O. Taylor.
    The still ish one of the largest that has over been seized in Jackson County and is complete in every detail, being of the latest design. The moonshine was "second run" product and tested 90 at a cold temperature. The mash was contained in six barrels sitting in the attic of the farm house, while the still was set up in an outbuilding near the house. The shed was divided into two compartments, one side of which contained the equipment and the other the finished product. The entire outfit, according to the district attorney's office, was clean.
    The place had been under surveillance of officers for some time past before the raid was made last night. Blakeley, thinking the officers to be customers, invited them into the house when they arrived and when apprised of their identity willingly told them where to find the contraband liquor and equipment, showing them where the mash, liquor and still were kept.
    At the time of his arrest Blakeley was operating the still, running "first run" moonshine through. He used a four-burner oil stove under a large dome-shaped copper boiler for the distilling of the spirits together with a "thumper," a device taking the place of the copper coil usually used.
    The 42 gallons in the store room were contained in 19 one-gallon jugs, two ten-gallon kegs and one three-gallon keg. Twenty gallons of the liquor were destroyed by the officers on the ground, and the remainder brought to Jacksonville, where Blakeley is now being held.
    The moonshine was not sold in retail lots, being sold in wholesale quantities to valley residents, it is said. The majority of his customers, Blakeley stated, lived in the central part of the valley.
    He also stated it had been his intention to quit the business at the first of the year, as by that time he believed he would have been remunerated enough to pay several outstanding debts. He recently purchased the farm with its large rambling farm house and had only eight days ago purchased a new Flint 40 touring car. On the land lay pipe, with which ho had planned to install a water system.
    Officers say that the moonshine odor was present on the road several hundred yards from the house, standing on a prominent knoll, isolated from other houses some distance away. Because of this isolation, Blakeley believed, it is said, to be safe from the law and free from suspicion.
    Yesterday afternoon Blakeley's wife was removed to the Sacred Heart Hospital suffering with pneumonia, contracted on the farm, and is said to be quite ill. The only son, William, was also arrested later in the evening on the highway by state traffic officer Talent for operating a motor vehicle under the legal age of 16, he being only 14. The boy was returning from the hospital where he had taken his mother. He was to have a hearing this afternoon also.
    The last large still to be seized in the county was taken in the same district two years ago when a 100-gallon still with several large tubs of mash was confiscated.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 21, 1925, page 1


80 GALLONS OF LOCAL MOONSHINE ARE DUMPED OUT
    Approximately 80 gallons of moonshine were destroyed this afternoon at the city dump with representatives of the district attorney's and sheriff's offices and federal and state officers present. The liquor was seized during the past summer and fall months and included one seizure of 50 gallons.
    The liquor destroyed is itemized as follows, with the names of the former owners: 60 gallons, Walter Dyreborg and John Bughner of Sacramento, Calif.; ten gallons moonshine and five gallons wine, O. Cataline and A. Vantura of Klamath Falls; 12 gallons, W. L. Blakeley, Sams Valley; one gallon, C. L. Spencer, Klamath Falls; three bottles moonshine, Claude McCormack, Seattle; one pint gin, F. L. Green, local; three quarts moonshine, D. P. Buckley, local; one quart, James Bell, local; one quart, Heath Childers, local; and one gallon, W. C. Barker, local.
    Each of the above violators have been disposed of through the district attorney's office. Prison and jail sentences were imposed and fines assessed, ranging from 30 days to five years and from $100 to $500. Three cars, as the result of the arrests, were confiscated by the state. Walter Dyreborg lost a large Studebaker, O. Cataline a Chalmers roadster, and W. C. Barker a Ford touring.
    Staff Special Officer T. A. Talent and Federal Officer Cletus McCredie, who took part in a majority of the arrests, were present at the liquor-destroying party, together with District Attorney Newton, C. Chaney, State Traffic Officer C. P. Talent, Sheriff Jennings and others.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 31, 1925, page 3


HIGH SCHOOL LADS CAUGHT STEALING CIDER WITH KICK
    Hard cider has its drawbacks, especially when surreptitiously taken, think four Ashland high school boys, arrested by local police Saturday night at the Rogue River Valley Canning Company, where the boys had appropriated five quarts of the beverage by bailing it from the large vinegar tank, where the cider was fermenting. The four were severely reprimanded by authorities this forenoon and given into the custody of their parents.
    The method of procedure used in taking the cider is simple, say police. The large cannery building is open and easily accessible to the nightly wanderings of daring and thrill-loving youths. The vinegar tank, located under an opening in the roof, afforded tempting opportunities to the boys to lower a pail into the several hundred gallons without resorting to burglary.
    The four were on the roof, according to officers, when they were apprehended with the small amount in their possession. This morning they were more or less remorse-stricken and seemed to be worried.
    It is said that hard cider thieving has been going on in the city spasmodically for some time past, but until last night, although careful watch has been kept, none of the perpetrators were ever caught. Police say lives were risked when the cider was taken, as it was an easy matter to slip from the roof into the tank.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 25, 1926, page 8


EX-DRY AIDE OF COUNTY IS FOUND GUILTY
J. J. Carey, Convicted in Federal Court at Portland, Operated Here--Also Fugitive from Minnesota Reformatory--
Jury Tampering Charged.

    PORTLAND, Ore., May 6.--(AP)--J. J. Snodgrass, alias J. J. Carey, alias Jackson Streeter, former special dry enforcement officer in Jackson County, was found guilty in federal court today on charges of obtaining an automobile by representing himself to be a federal officer. It was the second trial of Snodgrass on charges brought through Mrs. Blanche L. Meeker of Medford. The jury in the first trial last winter disagreed.
    Attorneys for Snodgrass obtained ten days in which to file a motion for a new trial.
    He is held in jail under a fugitive warrant which charges that he is an escapee from the St. Cloud, Minn., reformatory.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 6, 1926, page 1


HIP POCKET RAID AT EAGLE POINT
    As a result of a concerted move by six officers, seven arrests were made at Eagle Point Saturday night on liquor transportation and possession charges. Six of the accused were scheduled to have hearings today in the Jacksonville justice court, while the seventh is to have a hearing next Wednesday.
    The largest quantity of alleged liquor found was a quart and that in the alleged possession of J. B. Rockwell and G. W. Rouse, of this city. Other quantities ranged from a pint down. H. Jeschke and A. V. Williams are at liberty on their own recognizance because of an alleged pint. Ivan Davis of Forest Creek is also at liberty on his own recognizance, as is Charles Jove of Butte Falls, who is scheduled to appear Wednesday.
    Officers taking part in the arrests were Sheriff Ralph Jennings and Deputies Paul and Lewis Jennings, State Special Agent T. A. Talent, State Prohibition Agent R. A. Young and jailer Ike Dunford. These officers completely covered the premises about the dance hall, thereby being able to keep watchful eye on all illicit activities about the scene. No arrests, it is understood, were made within the hall, all the alleged "wet goods" being cached or in cars outside.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 10, 1926, page 6



2 ARRESTED FOR BOOTLEGGING IN RURAL DISTRICTS
    Two more county residents were caught Saturday night in the net of prohibition enforcement. Today Nye Mathews of Eagle Point was placed under a $2000 bond when arraigned for sale and possession of moonshine, while Chas. Wydenes of Central Point was sentenced to 60 days and fined $500 on a possession charge. Mathews furnished bond and is scheduled to enter a plea tomorrow afternoon before Judge Taylor. A third liquor law violator was sentenced last Saturday.
    A party of six officers placed the Eagle Point man under arrest while making an alleged delivery of three gallons of moonshine to a soldier near his home place four miles from Eagle Point. The farm was thoroughly searched, but nothing incriminating was found. The liquor, according to officers, tested 110 percent and sold at $15 per gallon.
    Coming to Central Point a short time later, Wydenes, a native of Holland, was arrested while making a gallon delivery to a soldier in the rear of a hotel there. The moonshine is said to have been the same brand as Mathews' alleged product, but sold for $25 per gallon. Wydenes is a sheep herder and has resided in and around Central Point for some time.
    James Neff, local truck driver, arrested by Special State Agent Terry Talent last week, shortly after selling a quart, pleaded guilty before Judge Taylor Saturday to sale and possession. He was sentenced to 30 days and fined $250 on a recommendation of leniency by the district attorney.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 28, 1926, page 6


EAGLE PT. YOUTH IS FOUND GUILTY MOONSHINE SALE
    Deliberating but 15 minutes, the jury in the justice court trial in the city hall yesterday found Nye Mathews, Eagle Point youth, guilty of moonshine sale. Sentence was scheduled to be imposed today upon Mathews, who is at liberty under $1000 bond.
    The youth, only 18 years, was arrested last June near his home a short distance from Eagle Point, while making a sale of three gallons of moonshine, which was on exhibition at the trial in gallon jugs. Mathews is said to have received the money when the arrest was made by Special State Officer Terry Talent and others. The liquor, it is said, was sold to a soldier from Camp Jackson, where the Oregon National Guard held its annual encampment last June. He was brought to the local justice court a short time later, where he entered a plea of not guilty and released under bond.
     Mathews also has a similar charge awaiting him in circuit court, and indictment having been recently returned against him by the last grand jury. A recommendation was returned with the verdict yesterday, suggesting a light jail sentence and a heavy fine. the defense was represented by Attorneys Kelly and DeSouza and the state by District Attorney N. C. Chaney and Deputy C. D. Phillips.    
Medford Mail Tribune, July 30, 1926, page 7


ILLICIT LIQUOR SUPPLY BURNED AND POURED OUT
    No chance had those with unslaked thirsts, when late yesterday afternoon in the neighborhood of 300 gallons of illicit liquor was destroyed in a ravine a short distance from Jacksonville, in which city it had been stored in the padded cell of the county jail for several weeks awaiting destruction.
    Some hopeful topers, it is said, had expected to see the rum run in a stream down an incline and to surreptitiously take small drinks while arms of the law were innocent of their actions. To ensure thorough destruction, the officers, of whom there were several in attendance, liberally applied matches to the moonshine- and whiskey-soaked wood and sacks, which once had protected the bottles and jugs.
    The material would hardly burn at first, related one sad-eyed witness today, until finally a good start was reached. The moonshine before its demise produced heat--clouds of it which went floating into a snow-threatening sky--heat that came from billowing alcohol-fed flames, which made warm all those who came to witness the ceremonies, and to make sure no stray pint bottle, of which there were over 300, did not escape a fate which was meted out to its fellows.
Movies Taken.
    Motion pictures of the prohibition "booze party" which was held at Jacksonville yesterday were taken by Horace Bromley, Copco cameraman, for future showing by the "Copco Current Events" newsreel. Some good "shots" were taken of the law enforcement officials in the act of destroying the contraband liquor, which was contained in bottles, jugs and kegs of every size and description. A fitting conclusion to the film presented the "funeral pyre" of John Barleycorn, which was made up of the cartons, sacks and other inflammable material in which the booze containers were found. Instead of using kerosene to saturate the pile in order to make it burn in the damp weather, the officers poured on several gallons of moonshine, which served the purpose equally well. Those who see the motion pictures of this unique "booze party" should have no reason to doubt that the captured hooch was effectively and efficiently destroyed.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 14, 1926, page 3


BROTHERS JAILED AS STILL OWNERS IN RANCH RAID
    Two brothers, V. L. and B. J. Hartman, young ranchers of the Eagle Point district, are in the county jail awaiting hearings on charges of setting up and operating a moonshine still. They were arrested by Deputy Sheriff Lewis Jennings and other officers late yesterday afternoon after they had been under surveillance for a short time.
    V. L. Hartman, the youngest brother, who is 20 years of age, was placed under arrest on the ranch, situated along the Crater Lake Highway north of the Butte Falls road junction, while the older brother was arrested here. They claimed they had not been in the business long, having only used the still, which was found in the farmhouse, once before during the past several weeks and, according to officers, would have run off 50 gallons of corn mash tonight if the arrests had not been made. The 50 gallons would have made eight gallons of moonshine.
    The younger Hartman, who while at first denying running a still upon the arrival of the raiders, later told the officers the entire story, authorities alleged today. Speaking in a frank manner, he is alleged to have told how he operated last fall but shut down because of the number of other operators who were apprehended in that same district.
    The older brother, who is 22, when arrested here lost no time in confessing, it is said, telling officers that he cared not to see his kin take the entire blame for the still when he was half interested.
    The outfit is described as being capable of turning out high-grade product with the process of manufacture very slow due to the construction of the dome of the boiler, allowing a large share of the steam to condense and drop back into the mash. This caused a waste of steam, according to officials. A coil, a quantity of mash, several gallons of moonshine and the boiler were brought in with Hartman, who said last evening his moonshine had been bringing $12.50 a gallon by wholesale.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 5, 1927, page 1


STILL AND MASH SEIZED IN RAID AT TRAIL RANCH
    Arrested this forenoon at 11 o'clock, Monte Venham, 51, a rancher residing less than a mile from the first bridge over Rogue River on the Crater Lake Highway this side of Trail, is in the county jail facing charges of setting up and operating a moonshine still, which officers allege they found in the upper story of Venham's home.
    In addition to a small quantity of moonshine, 200 gallons of corn mash were seized by the four raiding deputy sheriffs, Oscar Dunford, Paul Jennings, Lewis Jennings and J. H. Leggitt, who brought the accused man and evidence to the county jail this afternoon. Venham has a wife and a six-year-old granddaughter and is believed to have been using the still for some time. According to officers, he readily confessed. His alleged equipment is regarded as being somewhat over the average used in moonshine distillation.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 26, 1927, page 1


MOONSHINE PAIR GET YEAR TERM IN PENITENTIARY
    Swift justice is demonstrated in the arrest of Monte Venham, 51-year-old Trail rancher, last Wednesday for operating a moonshine still and who yesterday was indicted and sentenced to one year in the state penitentiary when he entered a plea of guilty to the charge. Three other true bills were returned by the grand jury and two of the three defendants entered pleas of guilty and were sentenced, while the case of the third, because of extenuating circumstances, was dismissed.
    Venham, a Southern Oregon resident for a number of years, was arrested when officers raided his ranch a short distance from the concrete bridge over the Rogue River this side of Trail. V. L. Hardman, who was arrested February 4 on a setting up and operating charge, pleaded guilty on his indictment, was sentenced to one year in the state penitentiary, while C. J. Hartman, who was also indicted on the same charge, was dismissed. His arrest did not take place when officers arrested his brother, V. L., at his ranch north of Eagle Point, but was apprehended in Medford.
    Eddie O'Malley, a transient youth apprehended for the theft of a car at Ashland, was sentenced to two years when he pleaded guilty.
    No other business came before the jury, which was called to dispose of the four cases that were on hand, making it possible for the county to save board bills in having the sentenced men moved to the state penal institution.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 26, 1927, page 3


FORNCROOK OUT AS DRY AIDE
    Concerning a former well-known deputy sheriff of Jackson County and resident of Medford, the Klamath News says:
    "Len Forncrook, for the past year connected with the county prohibition department, with a state commission, left Klamath Falls the early part of the week for Medford, severing connections with the local prohi headquarters.
    "Through action taken by District Attorney William Duncan, the entire work of the county prohi department is now under the jurisdiction of the sheriff's office, with the usual three-fourths prohi funds, maintained through the district attorney's office.
    "Cutting down on county expenses in all possible departments under his office is the reason given for the dismissal of the county employee."
Medford Mail Tribune, March 3, 1927, page 5


BOYS DRUNK ON STOLEN CIDER
    Complaints have been brought to the attention of the police department during the past winter in regard to youths stealing cider, which is turning into vinegar in a large open vat in a cannery on South Front Street, and becoming intoxicated as a result of drinking the distasteful beverage, which is obtained by lowering small buckets into the vat from an opening in the roof which is easily reached.
    Several youths were found last evening in an inebriated condition and were scheduled to come before Chief of Police McCredie today.
Medford Mail Tribune, March 11, 1927, page 8


ILLICIT LIQUOR IS POURED INTO JACKSON CREEK
    Approximately 400 gallons of contraband liquor, seized by county and state officers during the past several months and valued at more than $4000, was destroyed yesterday forenoon when dumped into Jackson Creek a mile or so this side of Jacksonville. The destruction of this lot took away every keg, jug and bottle which had been stored in the county jail, which as a result is now somewhat less crowded.
    Moonshine had the heaviest loss with the destruction of 19 ten-gallon kegs, and one 20-gallon keg, while pure grain alcohol was next with 14 one-gallon and 14 five-gallon containers. Sixteen cases of gin, with 12 quarts to a case, and a sack and one-half of gin were destroyed in addition to 12 miscellaneous bottles of wine and moonshine.
    The destruction, which was in charge of Deputy District Attorney George Neilson and Deputy Sheriffs Ike Dunford and Lewis Jennings, took more than two hours and a half.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 4, 1927, page 3


YELLOW CAB RUSE USED TO SNARE DRY VIOLATORS
    The announcement given out in apparent good faith some time ago by a man who, it is since thought, was a non-resident state or federal prohibition law enforcement officer, that the well-known Pacific Coast concern, the Yellow Taxi Cab Company, would establish a branch of its business in Medford, operating four cabs, was apparently a ruse adopted by this operative to enable him to round up some local liquor law violators.
    Anyhow, operation of the Medford branch was not begun this week as forecasted by the operative, and the rumor has been general for weeks past about the city that it never will be begun, because of the alleged ruse having been successful in apprehending a number of local youths on bootlegging and liquor possession charges.
    The boys, who fell for the hoax perpetrated by the sleuth hound operative, were "hired" it is said by the latter as drivers for the mythical bus line branch and were then later implicated in a booze roundup and given fines and short jail sentences.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 3, 1927, page 2


DERBY RANCHER SEIZED IN RAID AS STILL OWNER
    Following a number of attempts to apprehend him during the past several months, Harry Scott, a 35-year-old Derby rancher, was arrested last night and was scheduled to have a hearing in the Jacksonville justice court this afternoon on charges of setting up and operating moonshine stills. Two stills, five gallons of alleged moonshine and seven barrels of corn mash were seized by the raiding officers, who included Deputy Sheriffs Lewis and Paul Jennings and J. H. Leggitt, State Traffic Officer J. J. McMahon and City Officer Joe Cave.
    The stills are both of the five- to eight-gallon size, capable of running approximately five gallons each per day. One, according to the sheriff's office, was located 10 feet from the house in a woodshed, while the other was located approximately 100 feet away in a clump of willow bushes. Scott is said to have told officers that the moonshine produced by his equipment was "the best in the country," and that he had been operating since November.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 19, 1927, page 3


POLICE TO DUMP BOOZE SEIZURES
    A "wet party" was scheduled to take place this afternoon at the police station with the destruction of numerous bottles, jugs and jars of moonshine whiskey, gin, home brew, wine, rum and white mule, all of which was confiscated by the police department during the past year or less. The supply was to be poured out of the bottles near the station with witnesses present to see that the destruction is complete. A considerable share of the liquor was taken in small quantities such as pints and half pints. However, 17 quarts of Gordon gin is included in the lot, in addition to a four-gallon keg of moonshine.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 25, 1927, page 3


NINE ARRESTED IN COUNTY UPON BOOZE CHARGES
    A wholesale cleanup of alleged bootleggers, which commenced Friday night with the arrest of Pat Padelford, local boxer, on a moonshine sale charge, ended late yesterday afternoon after nine arrests had been made in Medford, Eagle Point and Butte Falls, under the direction of the sheriff's office. The nine will probably be given hearings in Judge Taylor's court tomorrow on moonshine sale and possession charges.
    Padelford, F. Starboard and T. DeVinney were arrested Friday evening on sale charges, and yesterday at noon Wallace and Geo. Rigsby were arrested by attaches of the sheriff's office two miles above Butte Falls on sale charges. A crude still, one of the crudest ever captured by officers in Jackson County, was seized as property of the Rigsby brothers.
    A little later yesterday afternoon, Hillery W. Todd of Indian Creek, some distance above Eagle Point on the Crater Lake Highway, was arrested on a possession charge, having a keg with a quantity of alleged moonshine and a quantity of alleged mash, which officers say had been used for the distillation of moonshine. Joe Mayham was arrested in Eagle Point on a sale charge and Bert DeWolf, who was arrested this month last year on a moonshine charge, was apprehended yesterday afternoon on another sale charge. He has a family of several children.
    The party of arresting officers was composed of Deputy Sheriffs Lewis Jennings, Paul Jennings, Oscar Dunford and J. H. Leggitt and officer Cave. The arrests they made yesterday are expected to tend to give Medford an exceptionally dry Christmas and holiday season.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 18, 1927, page 8


EAGLE P. RANCHER HELD WHEN STILL FOUND ON PLACE
    Being so well hidden that officials failed to locate it on the first search, despite determined efforts, a complete moonshine still was found yesterday afternoon on the second search of the Ralph Dunlap ranch near Eagle Point by attaches of the sheriff's office and the state prohibition department. Dunlap was scheduled to have hearing this afternoon in Judge Taylor's court, where five bootleggers entered pleas of guilty yesterday afternoon and were given sentences and fines.
    The Dunlap ranch was visited last week by a raiding party of officers who passed within 20 feet of the still and failed to see it. Dunlap was on the place and invited the officers to return at any time for another search. The invitation was accepted and the officers looked for some time yesterday afternoon until they found the still, which had been dismantled and pieces of which were scattered about the place.
    Twenty-five gallons of alleged mash was found in a barrel, which was hidden in a rock pile some distance above the small Dunlap ranch house, which faces the Crater Lake Highway. A short time later the still was found. A 24-foot copper coil, the longest ever captured in Jackson county, was located hanging high in a tree, and other pieces were found hidden in scattered spots. Dunlap claims that he does not own the outfit, and it is probable that he will enter a plea of not guilty. He had been living on the place for the past three weeks, having moved down from Prospect, where he had been employed. He has a wife and a child.
    The raid was made by Deputy Sheriffs Paul and Lewis Jennings and State Agent Dudley.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 20, 1927, page 5


TALENT CAPTURES TRAIL RANCHER AND MOONSHINE
    When given a hearing in Gold Hill justice court yesterday on a moonshine possession charge, following his arrest Saturday night by federal officer Terry Talent near Ashland, Boyd Miller of Trail was fined $250. A 1921 model Dodge touring car, the ninth to have been seized in the county during the past month by officer Talent, will be confiscated by the government.
    The arrest was made by the officer at midnight when he stopped to assist Miller in repairing a stubborn motor, which refused to function. The officer found 10 gallons of moonshine in the machine and placed Miller under arrest along with Ralph Goedker of Trail, who was with Miller. No disposition has been made of Goedker's case.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 28, 1927, page 3


TALENT CAPTURES TRAIL RANCHER AND MOONSHINE
    When given a hearing in Gold Hill justice court yesterday on a moonshine possession charge, following his arrest Saturday night by federal officer Terry Talent near Ashland, Boyd Miller of Trail was fined $250. A 1921 model Dodge touring car, the ninth to have been seized in the county during the past month by officer Talent, will be confiscated by the government.
    The arrest was made by the officer at midnight when he stopped to assist Miller in repairing a stubborn motor, which refused to function. The officer found 10 gallons of moonshine in the machine and placed Miller under arrest along with Ralph Goedker of Trail, who was with Miller. No disposition has been made of Goedker's case.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 28, 1927, page 3



BOOTLEGGERS IN COUNTY PAY WAY
Cost of Enforcement and Profit to County Made by Fines
    That bootlegging in Jackson County not only paid its own costs of enforcement, but made the county a neat profit was revealed last night when District Attorney Newtown C. Chaney, who administers prohibition affairs in Jackson County, turned over $1,837.30 to the county general fund.
    Still left in the county prohibition fund was $2,000, and the state had claimed a goodly portion of bootleg fines.
    Under the Oregon law, the state gets half the county fines until $50,000 is reached. The county then gets all its fines. Two thousand dollars is kept in the county dry law war chest, while all over that amount goes into the general fund, helping reduce taxes.
    Steadily decreasing cost of enforcement was given by Mr. Chaney as the reason for the amount turned over to the general fund. Enforcing the dry law cost the county a huge amount during the days of County Administrator Sandefer. In 1925, $51.61 profit was turned over to the general fund. Last year it was $71.61.

Medford Daily News, January 1, 1928, page 1


DRY AIDE CHASING YOUTH ON BOOZE CHARGE, TOPPLED
    Federal agent Terry Talent narrowly escaped serious injury late yesterday afternoon on South Bartlett Street in the performance of his duty while pursuing an alleged bootlegger, Clifford Moore, 20, who tripped the officer by suddenly falling on "all fours" in front of his path, causing the officer to fall heavily on his left arm, spraining the wrist, and to fall on his left leg, badly skinning the knee. Moore was finally caught near the Shell service station on Eighth Street and was today awaiting a hearing in the Jacksonville justice court on a charge of moonshine possession.
    Moore had been under the surveillance of local officers for some time and yesterday afternoon was seen by policeman Joe Cave, deputy sheriff Louis Jennings and officer Talent carrying a package under his arm while Moore was walking on East Main Street near the Palmer Music House. The officers, according to agent Talent, waited until Moore turned down South Bartlett Street and then commanded him to stop.
    Instead of stopping, Moore began to run, with officers Jennings and Talent close behind, and when Moore reached an alley in the rear of the music building, according to the officers, he threw the package, which contained a gallon jug of alleged moonshine, on the pavement and ran faster. When Moore reached the Sanderson Motor Company building he suddenly crouched down, taking Talent so by surprise that that officer fell in a heap, after falling on his arm and knee and badly tearing his uniform.
    Moore then crossed Bartlett Street, according to the story told, and crossed Eighth, with both officers, Jennings and Talent, the latter having picked himself up in a remarkably short time, close behind. On the other side of Eighth Street, Moore again attempted to trip Talent by crouching down, but this time his plan failed to work as perfectly, though officer Talent was forced to fall over Moore again. However, this time the officer had not been running as fast and was prepared for the fugitive's tactic, which was reversed as the officer fell directly on top of Moore, who then surrendered.
    The chase attracted considerable attention from motorists and pedestrians, and a large number witnessed the race, which might have been longer had not Moore attempted his tripping stunt the second time. Officer Talent was limping badly today as a result of the skinned knee, and his left wrist was swollen far over its normal size as the result of having fallen on the hard sidewalk.
    Officer Talent said today that Moore was the same person who escaped arrest from Sheriff Ralph Jennings last fall when that officer attempted to apprehend him in the southern part of the city. In that chase, while running, Sheriff Jennings fell and broke his arm near the shoulder, incapacitating him for several weeks.
    This is not Clifford (Racy) Moore, high school honor student and football star.
Medford Mail Tribune, February 15, 1928, page 3


WOMAN ARRESTED ON RUM CHARGE; HOME IS RAIDED
    Mrs. Goldie Dunlap is in the county jail today charged with the possession and sale of alleged moonshine, following her arrest last night at 9 o'clock when federal officers Terry Talent and C. A. Herr and policemen William Peck and Ray Sloneker raided her home at 322 North Oakdale Avenue, where they also arrested Vernon Williams of Medford for possession and George Siever and Kenneth Wattenberg, both of this city, for intoxication.
    Mistaken identity played a large part in the woman's arrest, inasmuch as she invited officer Talent into her house when he knocked at the door, not knowing at that time who he was. According to his story, officer Talent walked in and found his way immediately to a sink where three quarts of alleged moonshine were standing in several containers. He placed Mrs. Dunlap immediately under arrest, and other officers arrested Siever and Wattenberg for intoxication and placed Williams under arrest for the possession of one quart of alleged moonshine.
    Officers say that nine men were in the place, and all had apparently been drinking. Five serving glasses were seized by the raiding party in addition to the liquor. The Dunlap home had been under surveillance for some time by authorities, to whom a number of complaints had been brought in connection with alleged liquor selling that was said to have been carried on there.
    Mrs. Dunlap was to have been given a hearing today in the local justice court, where Williams, Wattenberg and Siever were also scheduled to appear.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 30, 1928, page 3


LOCAL RESIDENTS AWAIT HEARINGS ON RUM CHARGE
    Pete Allen and George Edwards, two local residents, are in the county jail and were scheduled to have hearings in Judge Taylor's court today on charges of possession and transportation of moonshine, following their arrest early this morning near Ashland by Deputy Sheriff Lewis Jennings and night policeman Moon of Ashland. The officers were forced to chase Allen and Edwards for nearly ten miles before the arrests were made.
    A large Studebaker touring car which the pair were driving will be confiscated. In this car, the officers allege, Allen and Edwards were bringing a cargo of moonshine to this city for the local trade. Officers also allege that the pair had been in the moonshine business for some time and were en route from some California point when the chase commenced near the Kingsbury Soda Springs, with the officers close behind but unable to stop the fleeing pair, who apparently drove their machine at full speed.
    In an attempt to destroy evidence, several gallon jugs of alleged moonshine and numerous pint bottles were thrown from the fleeing car, but the officers, following the arrests, located a one-gallon jug and eight pints of alleged moonshine, which will be brought into court as evidence. A pint of moonshine was also found in the machine when it was finally stopped hear the southern city limits of Ashland.
    Last night's capture is the first booze-running car to have been seized in Jackson County for several months and is the second one this year.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 10, 1928, page 3



Wilkie Issues Statement
To the Editor:
    Replying to your editorial last night, abusing me and congratulating Chaney, I want to say that Chaney and I were over at Lakeview, Ore., at the same time in 1922 or 1923. And he was an applicant there for an "undercover" job, which I was informed--and I know he has done undercover work elsewhere. I am a cripple and unable to do hard manual labor and was compelled to do this work at times to support my wife and family. Chaney has no such excuse.
    I was brought to this trial against my will and was threatened nearly every day before the trial by officers, attorneys and other friends of Chaney weeks before the trial, and in Medford my wife and self were insulted and bullied by officer friends of Chaney and finally arrested and jailed on a fake charge which was advertised to the jury to help Chaney.
    My past record of way back may be had, but I supposed it was Chaney who was on trial and not me.
    Two stool pigeons testified. One had no interest and was under all sorts of threats; the other had every interest and motive. The jury apparently believed the man with the greatest reason to lie. Remus was also acquitted.
    Do you have any idea that Chaney, wise as he is about stool pigeons and their work, paid me over $500 for twelve days' work?
    God knows, I hate a stool pigeon now, and always have, but did do it in my past--but never again. I can truthfully say that I never planted on no one, but was asked to do so in Medford in 1926. It is a low, rotten job. With a lot of local stools in Medford, why pick on a cripple and leave these healthy crooks out of it?
    During the time I worked in Medford I had my both eyes open and can say prohibition here is aimed at the poor and those without pull.
    Think it over and recall, if you can, any prosecution against prominent citizens under Chaney that was not whitewashed.
W. M. WILKIE.
    Medford, May 19.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 19, 1928, page 4


ALLEGED LOCAL BEER MAKERS IN CITY ARRESTED
    A. B. Henderson and Francis Woodberry are in the county jail awaiting hearings today on charges of homebrew possession, following their arrest last night on Alder Street, where over 300 bottles of alleged beer were seized by the raiding officers, who included federal officers Terry Talent and Worden, deputy sheriffs Louis and Paul Jennings and policemen Clatous McCredie and William Peck.
    Henderson and Woodberry claim they were making the beer for private consumption and were not selling it. However, officers claim that the two men were in the beer-selling business, inasmuch as two of them, Talent and Worden, had placed an order for a case of beer last week. The homebrew was contained in 17 cases and is said to have sold around nine dollars a case.
Medford Mail Tribune, July 31, 1928, page 2


LIQUOR RAID IN CITY THURSDAY, FOUR ARRESTED
    Federal officers Terry Talent and Clarence Worden, assisted by deputy sheriff Paul Jennings and state prohibition agent Ackerman, made a booze raid here yesterday afternoon, and the four prisoners taken in that raid were to be given a hearing this afternoon before Justice of the Peace Roberts in Ashland.
    Three of the four men, W. R. Turpin, Eddie Wyatt and W. A. Collins, were arrested on North Central Avenue with 14 pints of moonshine in their car. When the officers appeared Wyatt leaped from the car and attempted to escape, but was captured by Worden, the federal officer, after a struggle.
    After taking the three men to the jail the raiding officers went to the house at 303 Beatty Street, where the prisoners resided, and there found G. R. Cavin, who was also arrested, and it is alleged a still outfit, including kegs, jugs, hose, coloring and labels.
    In Justice Roberts' court yesterday afternoon at Ashland J. B. Higley of Medford on his plea of guilty to possession and transportation was sentenced to pay a $500 fine and to spend 60 days in jail, and Mrs. Louise Sargent, driver of the car loaded with booze when it was intercepted last Wednesday night near Talent by federal officers Talent and Worden, was sentenced to a fine of $200, which she was unable to pay, and hence was remanded to the county jail.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 3, 1928, page 5


LOCAL RUM RING BELIEVED BROKEN, ASHLAND ARRESTS
    The arrest of nine alleged leaders in what is said to be one of the best-organized rum rings ever operated in Jackson County was effected today by federal officer Terry Talent, assisted by the local sheriff's office.
    C. A. (Blackie) White, known to enforcement officers here as the local bootleg king, was taken in Ashland, along with his associates Carroll Brown, Ruth Taylor, Mrs. Tina Martinez and Ted Brown, Portland wrestler.
    The first arrest was made at seven o'clock this morning when Tom Ulsted, alleged member of the ring, was intercepted as he was making a five-gallon delivery to a local auto camp. His car was seized by the officers, after which they proceeded to Ashland.
    There they arrested Blackie White and the other four who were found at the Fairview rooming house, which has been under surveillance for some time. That a quantity of moonshine whiskey and other intoxicating beverages as well as serving glasses and other paraphernalia were found and seized was also stated by federal officer Talent.
    Following the arrest of the alleged Blackie White ring, the officers took into custody Jim Fitzgibbons, ex-night clerk of the Hotel Nash, who is charged with sales and possession; Mary Winkler, landlady of the Johnson rooms; J. A. Rose, of North Ninth Street, both of whom are also charged with sale and possession.
    The hearings of all the defendants will be held the first of the week. Whether abatement proceedings will be placed against the Fairview rooming house at Ashland or not has not been decided, according to officer Talent.
    Officers who assisted in the arrests today are: Terry Talent and Carleton Staley, the only federal men; deputy sheriff Paul Jennings, Joe Cave and Bill Peck.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 20, 1928, page 2


OFFICERS ARREST STILL OPERATOR
    A raid made by the authorities at 8 o'clock last night on the upstairs portion of a house at 229 Apple Street, which G. R. Mackey, 35, had rented for some time past of a Mrs. McGarvey, disclosed a 20-gallon wash boiler still in Mackey's upstairs portion. Six gallons of very low-grade finished whiskey--in fact poisonous stuff, the officers say--was also found with 100 gallons of grain mash consisting of wheat, oats and barley, and five gallons of strawberry wine. Mackey was placed under arrest and confined in the county jail to await hearing on a still possession charge.
    The raid was made by Terry Talent, federal prohibition officer, assisted by Deputy Sheriff Louis Jennings and officers Ray Sloneker, Joe Cave and George Prescott of the city police force.
    It is not known by the officers just how long Mackey had operated the still, as they allege, but from the fact that he seemed to be a gentleman of leisure with plenty of money and no employment he had been under surveillance for some time past, they say.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 18, 1928, page 8


RAID OPEN HOUSE NETS GIN SUPPLY
    Netting one of the biggest liquor hauls of the year in Medford, members of the police department and sheriff's office last night at 8:45 o'clock arrested Ray Campbell and J. B. Johnson at 413 Benson Street, seized 21½ gallons of moonshine, 7½ gallons of gin, 7 gallons of alcohol and bottling equipment. The two men, who are believed to have been in alleged liquor traffic for several weeks, will be given hearings tomorrow in the local justice court.
    The offices had little trouble in making the raid, being practically invited to enter upon arriving at the house, where the officers found a large demijohn filled with five gallons of gin, for which the men told the police they had been receiving $40 per case, with one gallon of alcohol along with water and juniper making a case.
    Johnson and Campbell declared they had been here only two days, but several empty alcohol containers indicated they had been here for at least two weeks, according to officers, who also found four dozen empty gin bottles, a capper and a supply of labels.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 25, 1928, page 3

A moonshine still somewhere in Appalachia circa 1930.
A moonshine still somewhere in Appalachia circa 1930.

BOOZE TRAFFIC STILL ACTIVE IN CITY
Number of Dealers Greater Than in "Wet" Days
VOLUME OF SALES SMALLER, HOWEVER
Hootch Much Rarer Here Than in Days of Saloons
Legal Red Tape Is Bar to Rigid Dry Law Enforcement
    On the last day of legalized selling of liquor in Medford--away back in 1916 [the last day was December 31, 1915], when manufacture, sale or importation of liquor into Oregon was prohibited by state law--witnessed the closing of 14 places where liquor had been legally sold. In the county there were no distilleries and two breweries.
    Now, according to those who are charged with seeing that no alcoholic drinks are sold, there are many more places where alcoholic drinks can be obtained than there were prior to the enactment of the Oregon dry amendment. There are many times more distilleries and many more breweries--to say nothing of the homemade apparatus for making beer and wine for family consumption.
    The only trouble is to prove it.
    In this city--long known as a home-loving community, exemplifying the law-abiding calmness of Oregon--the local resident who can't chase up at least a pint of liquor in an hour is an inexperienced about-towner indeed. Even a novice can purchase the wherewithal of becoming drunk by walking into any drug store and almost any pool hall--and do it in a legal manner. All he has to do is ask for one of many "tonics" manufactured and sold under government permit. Some consist of alcoholic bitters and some of high-powered wine with a taste slightly spoiled by beer extract.
Traffic Is Steady
    It is with the illegal liquor business, however, that county and city officers are most concerned. Although public drunkenness is rare in Medford, officials are quite aware that selling--of liquor ranging all the way from beer to grain alcohol--is going on steadily, and that there are more people engaged in the business than when it was a legal occupation.
    They can even estimate fairly accurately how many people are engaged in the booze traffic in Medford.
    Counting the hip pocket pikers, there are from 24 to 30 bootleggers in Medford. The estimate of illicit distilleries in Jackson County is about eight.
    In addition, it is common sense to believe that more than one person is running in liquor--meaning grain alcohol, "bonded" goods and moonshine--into the county for wholesale delivery or delivery to a local list of consumers.
Volume Is Less
    Of course, Medford is much bigger than it was in 1916, and your liquor dealer of today probably sells less in a week than a bartender did in a day, but the fact remains that, state and national laws to the contrary, booze is still being made and sold.
    There is no "wild night life" here.
    There are no "gilded dens of vice and pleasure."
    There are no institutions that encourage flaming youth to strut itself and flame the limit.
    A home-loving, industrious, progressive city of 100 percent Americans is Medford. The average citizen is pictured as the type that sits at home evenings and reads comfortably of the sins of New York and Chicago before going to bed at the locally conventional hour of 10:00 p.m.

    There must be, however, a small population that imbibes steadily, or else a rather large population that drinks occasionally, for booze sales are not uncommon.
    Before 1916, breweries made beer, wineries made wine and distilleries made stronger drinks, on the same standardized basis that Henry Ford makes cars.
Methods Trifle Crude
    Today, some of the methods need to produce alcoholic drinks would startle the old-time manufacturers, to say the least.
    The conventional outfit captured in Jackson County is a copper vat and worm, heated by a gasoline plate set under the "can" and connected with a pressure tank. Corn meal forms the basis for mash. Some of the "cans" are big and clean. Some are made of wash boilers [omission] and green with filth. One still captured was made of an iron gasoline barrel and a couple of joints of iron pipe--hardy people, local inebriates, to drink the product of that still and not go blind, at least.
Hardy Drunkards
    Once in a while the police pick up an insane drunk who melted a tin of "canned heat," strained it through a handkerchief and drank everything that strained through. There are still a few odd souls alive who believe that if you swallow some mentholatum, wood alcohol won't kill you.
    And then there are the brewers and the wine makers whose product is the work of nature, insofar as it is made perilous by filthy equipment or amateur attempts to generate more "kick."
"Bonded Stuff" Is Faked
    Clever fellows are the producers of "bonded" liquor. Given some labels, some grain alcohol, some glycerine and some flavoring, they can--and do--produce liquor for the "high class" trade.
    The alcohol, the queerly shaped bottles, the labels, the flavoring and the coloring is all shipped into Medford, but the "bonded stuff" is a home product. That is, it was a home product. Recently a "Gordon's Bonded Dry Gin" plant was seized, and as far as officers know, there are no more of them in Medford.
Way to Wealth
    With about $10 worth of alcohol--at wholesale prices--a plentiful supply of water and another $10 worth of bottles, labels and other furnishings, a gin maker can turn out two gallons of synthetic product. In short-quart bottles with four-colored labels, wrapped in fancy tissue paper and with a "chemist's analysis" printed on a slip of paper thrown in, along with a fairy tale about each and every bottle crossing the briny deep from England into Canada and then through divers perils into the United States and your private stock, the stuff sells for around $3.50 per quart, or $36 profit for the $20 invested in labels and alcohol. Considering the story that goes with "bonded stuff," the price is reasonable.
Was Versatile
    From the starting point of alcohol, water and glycerine, one manufacturer arrested near Medford some time ago was able to produce either gin or Bacardi rum. To make rum he put in coloring and flavor extract instead of juniper extract, and poured it into a different bottle.
    At that, the two local makers of "bonded stuff" who have been captured haven't shown much originality. One Italian rum runner caught two years ago had 12 different varieties of "bonded stuff," eight of them made with the same flavoring. But he was a city slicker from San Francisco, and that doesn't count.
    Northern California supplies a not inconsiderable part of Jackson County's liquor. In addition to varieties made here, they turn out "grappa," a drink made from grape mash and reputedly containing more alcohol than straight alcohol itself.
Hard to Catch
    Police and the sheriff's office can estimate fairly closely how many house manufacturers and salesmen there are working, but catching them is a different matter.
    It's hard for an officer to know all the bootleggers, but in a place of this size it's no trouble at all for all the bootleggers to know the cops. In spite of this, however, local and county officers have an enviable record throughout Oregon for their efficiency in enforcing the prohibition law, indicating that Jackson County isn't the only county with its liquor troubles.
    Fundamental laws of our government designed to protect private citizens from official tyranny clash with other fundamental laws concerning an arid nation where attempts to enforce the prohibition law are concerned, with the result that enforcing the law is a sort of game of hide-and-seek in a mass of red tape.
    For instance, if an officer is certain the resident of a house is selling liquor there, he must get a search warrant before he can enter the house and hunt the liquor. To get a search warrant all he has to do is get someone to swear that they bought liquor there from the suspect.
No Cooperation
    The prohibition law is outstanding for the failure of the public--both drinking and non-drinking--to aid officials. The public attitude seems to be: "We passed the law and hired you to enforce it. Tag, you're it, now try and do it. If you don't we'll cuss you, and if you do we'll cuss you anyway."
    Aside from neighbors irate at being kept awake by parties in the booze joint next door, few people report a suspected house. Even fewer will either volunteer or be forced to aid in getting out a search warrant by swearing they got liquor there.
    In the first frenzy to enforce its brand-new law, the state used stool pigeons to make the purchases and swear to the warrants. In many cases the stool pigeons were worse to have around than were the bootleggers. Using them was largely a matter of desperation, and officials who hired them were usually rewarded by defeat at the next election. The public added another rule to the ones the officers had to follow in the hide-and-seek game.
State Sleuths
    With all local officers known by sight to the law-dodgers, and with stool pigeons taboo, the method was evolved of using salaried state and federal officers for the undercover work. They are shifted from one place to another, are thus kept unknown to the alky boys, and because they are of a decent type have been able to function so far without a public uprising at the polls.
    All the troubles of catching a bootlegger who works in a residence and more are involved in arresting one who serves from the hip pocket or makes deliveries. They must either be caught with the goods on them, making a sale, or at their cache. In this case, also, officers are under the handicap of being known by sight to the men they seek to arrest. In liquor cases, circumstantial evidence doesn't seem to mean a thing to juries--and try to catch them with the goods.
    In spite of all these troubles, however, added to the fact that an officer has several hundred other laws to enforce, Medford has the reputation of being dry and getting drier all the time.
Homebrewers Busy
    "Every man his own brewer" is no idle slogan. Beer, as a general rule, doesn't run very high in alcoholic content, in spite of the fact that the law makes no distinction between it and grain alcohol. Homemade wine, however, can be--and frequently is--far from light.
    Both federal and state amendments forbid the manufacturing of intoxicating beverages and class both beer and wine as such, but again the job is to prove it. If a citizen had the facilities, kept his wine at home and didn't sell any of it, he could make a thousand gallons and drink himself to death with no greater legal danger than being suspected. Without evidence of a sale an officer couldn't come in his house to see if wine was being manufactured. Of course, if the citizen went downtown drunk he might be arrested for violating a city ordinance, or if he lent his neighborhood a bad reputation they might close the house as a nuisance, but he'd be safe from prosecution on liquor charges.
Medford Daily News, December 25, 1928, page 1


    The three pool halls and card rooms on Front Street, the licenses of which were recently revoked by the city, are mostly deserted places since the licenses were taken away. Card tables and chairs are empty, and billiard tables are no attraction. The licenses were revoked as an aftermath of the arrest of the proprietors of Front Street establishment for selling "bitters" by the drink.
"Local and Personal," Medford Mail Tribune, May 18, 1929, page 2



Old Jail at Jacksonville Serves as Morgue for Confiscated Booze
    Thousands of gallons of "evidence" are stored in the old county jail at Jacksonville--an accumulation of many months--some of the stuff dating back to "Sailor Jack," one of the most widely known bootleggers who ever operated in Jackson County, according to Federal Prohibition Officer Terry Talent, who transferred the 135-gallon haul made early this morning to the "morgue" at Jacksonville.
    Alcohol predominates, but there is moonshine of every variety, in every stage of fermentation, included in the big stock.
    Then there are stills--several of them confiscated during the last year, all stored in the old jail, which housed many famous prisoners, but  now is used solely for storage purposes.
Ashland Daily Tidings, September 17, 1929, page 1


BEAR CREEK FISH TASTE MOONSHINE
    Every so often, Bear Creek flows rich with alcohol and liquor inspired by the destruction of intoxicating beverages, seized by officers from bootleggers and rum runners. Yesterday afternoon the sheriff's office poured quite a quantity of liquor out at McAndrews ford in the creek in the presence of witnesses.
    Some of the beverage may have been good and the rest of poor quality, but it all came to the same end. The liquor had been used as evidence in cases tried in court the past several months and included all the county had, with the exception of 10 cases of whiskey seized Wednesday in Medford from two Italian rum runners.
    The liquor included the following: Eight quarts of wine, 83 pints of moonshine, three quarts of moonshine, three gallons of wine, 20 gallons of alcohol and 28 gallons of moonshine.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 22, 1931, page 8


FATHER RELEASED ON BEER CHARGE
    Because of his assertion that he made and sold beer to support his family, including several children, H. A. Smith, who resides on East Jackson Street, was given a sentence of 30 days in jail in Judge Taylor's court yesterday afternoon and then was paroled on condition that he will observe all laws in the future.
    He had pleaded guilty to the charge of possession of 58 bottles of homemade brew. The parole was given in order for him to obtain work, as with him in that the family would be without support.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 16, 1931, page 4


RAID BEER JOINT IN JACKSONVILLE
    State police, the sheriff's office and federal prohibition aides early last night raided the home of Mrs. Mark Finney, 40, Jacksonville, and seized 275 bottles of beer, two crocks full of beer mash and a number of empty bottles. William Deathread, 29, was also arrested. Mrs. Finney, a widow, is held in the women's ward of the county jail.
    The house is classified by the authorities as a "beer joint," and has been under surveillance for several weeks. The building is located in the rear of the pioneer Beekman Bank building, and a short distance from the Jacksonville dance hall.
    The couple are scheduled to be given a preliminary hearing this afternoon.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 27, 1932, page 1


Mr. Perry and the Klan.
To the Editor:
    In one of Art Perry's recent Smudge Pots we find an article dealing with a raid the K.K.K.s made on some communists of Long Beach, Cal., who were peaceably assembled in one of their homes. When we were afflicted with the Klan in these parts a few years ago, no virtue whatever was found in them, and we were surprised that praise should be given them for their activities in the land to the south of us.
    Mr. Perry does not believe in using them only for special occasions. Of course not, none of us do. If the recent breakdown of everything in Jackson County could only have been accompanied by the activities of such a bunch of self-appointed bigots--w't-a-mess! Were it not for the fact that sauce for the goose usually proves to be sauce for the gander also, this theory might be more palatable.
    We are told they are the cat's whiskers in dealing with the bomb-throwing, government-cussing bolsheviks. California should not need their assistance to enforce their bomb-parking ordinance, judging from the way they handled Tom Mooney, the notorious bomb-thrower, which he was not.
    As for cussing the government, that seems to be the most popular outdoor sport at present. "Everybody's doing it, doing it, doing it," at least prior to November 8, A.D. 1932.
    We all, no doubt, have moments when we are so overcome with righteous zeal that we would be willing to turn things over to Tom, Dick and Harry, or even the shirttail gang, provided they agree to always work on the other fellow and not us, and our pet notions and cravings.
    We have a national law that has given us considerable concern. It has almost been decided that we, a great race of red-blooded, two-fisted he-boys, can't enforce. So we have started to wipe this one off the books before the public discovers our weakness and they try violating some of our other laws. If the Klan can cope with the reds so efficiently, before we throw up the sponge, why not sic them on our gangsters and bootleggers who have been giving our wet friends so much worriment?
BERT HARR.
    Jacksonville, November 27.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 29, 1932, page 4


Opposed to Dry Repeal
    To the Editor:
    The Bible tells us that "Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh." This is true; it is also true that out of the abundance of experience the mouth speaketh.
    My experience of the evils of drink has not been confined to one county nor to one state alone, but has been nationwide.
    Near all the army posts the saloon men plied their disgraceful traffic. These men made it their business to know when the paymaster was due to pay off the soldiers, then they were enticed into the saloons and given drugged whiskey and robbed.
    Nothing could be done, for these saloonkeepers were licensed to sell liquor. Since prohibition became a law this has all been done away with. True, prohibition has not been as great a success as we had hoped, but I know from my own experience that it has not been a failure.
    We need a change, new and more drastic laws, but we must not do away with prohibition. Many tell us that conditions are wore than they have ever been. I know positively that this is not true. People seem to think that the speakeasies came in with prohibition. This also is not true; these we have had always with us, but they were operated under another name. In the days of the open saloon they were known as "blind pigs." Here is an example: In Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, there were 2000 blind pigs. Saloons were running wide open, but the men who operated the blind pigs were selling liquor without a license. This is authentic information--think it over.
    Let us hope that the thinking people of Oregon will not vote for the repeal of the 18th amendment.
    Do away with prohibition and just as sure as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west we will have again the open saloon, an evil most truthfully portrayed by the following poem:
"THE SALOON BAR
"A bar to heaven, a door to hell--
Whoever named it, named it well!
A bar to manliness and wealth,
A door to want and broken health.
A bar to honor, pride and fame,
A door to sin and grief and shame;
A bar to hope, a bar to prayer,
A door to darkness and despair.
A bar to honored, useful life,
A door to brawling, senseless strife;
A bar to all that's true and brave,
A door to every drunkard's grave.
A bar to joy that home imparts,
A door to tears and aching hearts;
A bar to heaven, a door to hell--
Whoever named it, named it well!"
--Anon.
ALICE APPLEGATE SARGENT.
    Jacksonville, June 8, 1933.
"Communications," Medford Mail Tribune, June 11, 1933, page 6


CONVICT FLORES OF MAINTAINING MOONSHINE STILL
    Joe Flores, former Front Street lunch counter operator, was found guilty yesterday afternoon in circuit court of the possession of a moonshine still, found by officers in an abandoned mine tunnel on Blackwell Hill last September. Flores' case went to the jury late in the day, and a verdict was returned in less than 30 minutes.
    Flores claimed he knew nothing of the presence of the still and hardly ever visited the tunnel, but officers claimed there was mash brewing and saw a fairly well defined path between the tunnel and a cabin, where the defendant is said to have spent a portion of his time. He was arrested shortly after the attempted holdup of the Central Point State Bank during activities of the sheriff's office to locate a green sedan that had been used by the bandit in making his escape from Central Point.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 6, 1940, page 4




Last revised January 26, 2023