The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Jackson County News: 1865

To the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Oregon--
    Your memorialists, the People of the Town of Jacksonville, County of Jackson and State of Oregon, would respectfully represent unto your honorable body that the Trustees of the Town of Jacksonville, under the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled "an act for the relief of Citizens of Towns upon the lands of the United States under certain circumstances" (U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 5, page 657) have entered in the U.S. Land Office and paid for the same, a certain fraction of land, lying within the corporate limits of said Town, described as follows:
    Being the fractional North West quarter of Section No. 32, in Township No 37 S of Range No. 2 West containing One hundred and Fourteen acres and Fifty-five hundredths (114 55/100), for the benefit of the occupants thereon.
    And your petitioners therefore pray your honorable body to pass an enabling act authorizing the Trustees of said Town to issue title deeds to the occupants upon said land and also to dispose of all unoccupied lots within said entry for the use and benefit of the said Town Corporation of Jacksonville.
    And your memorialists as in duty bound will ever pray:
    William Hoffman Henry Klippel
L. J. C. Duncan R. H. Haines
U. S. Hayden P. Donegan
W. H. Pyle C. Davenport
L. S. Thompson I. D. Haines
C. C. Beekman James D. Fay
James T. Glenn P. P. Prim
J. M. Sutton
Undated, circa 1865. Joseph Lane Papers, Lilly Library.

    SECESH CHANGE.--The Yreka Journal says P. J. Malone, of the Corvallis Union, suppressed some time ago for disloyalty, has taken old T'Vault's place in the Jacksonville Intelligencer, and changed its name to the Reporter. Malone is the vilest of traitors, a blackguard and a disgrace to any cause.
Morning Union, Grass Valley, California, January 3, 1865, page 3

    OREGON REPORTER.--Under this title we receive the first number of the new Democratic organ at Jacksonville, published and edited by P. J. Malone, Esq. The leader is a well-worded salutatory, in which the editor, professing Democracy to the core, seems to conclude that the American people have decided against him. He says the question being no longer of argument, [but] of "horse, foot and artillery, the Reporter will have but little to say about politics." At the same time, if the Reporter will fairly discuss the questions of the day, we hope to occasionally hear what it has to say, if only to comment on the progress of the "horse, foot and artillery." Mr. Malone was editor of the Union, at the time that paper was suppressed at Corvallis by order of government, has been a Democrat for some time, and possesses a sharp enough pen, when he pleases to use it, though we have thought him at times unscrupulous in its use. No doubt he will succeed in the management of the paper quite as well as his predecessor would have done.
Oregonian, Portland, January 6, 1865, page 2

    ALEX. BLAKELY was elected Speaker of the House in the Idaho Legislature on the 16th November. The Argus says: "Blakely is a practical printer, and has distinguished himself as an editor. He was editor of the Eugene (Oregon) Herald during 1859 and 1860, in which capacity he wielded influence and won political friends. He is an old editor and the founder of the Jacksonville Sentinel."
San Mateo County Gazette, Redwood City, California, January 7, 1865, page 1

    CEMENT HOUSES.--We have been informed by Messrs. Howard & Smith that they will soon be prepared for building the celebrated cement houses in Jacksonville, which for neatness, cheapness and durability surpass any other material yet discovered in the building line.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 14, 1865, page 2

    Unfortunately for the peace of the country, some of the most virulent editors in the service of Jeff Davis on this coast are Irish, who know how to appeal to the prejudices of their countrymen and stir up the worst traits of their characters. These men having nothing but their worthless lives at stake, seem bent upon urging their ignorant countrymen to acts of violence. One of these [Patrick J. Malone], known among decent people (from his low, brutal and fiendish qualities) as the "reptile," edited a sheet in this town at the commencement of the war. For its open and flagrant treason it was denied a passage in the mails, and for its gross indecency was excluded from the homes even of its patrons. Though forced to give up the publication of a paper, the "reptile" did not give up his design to cause a rebellion on this coast, but exercised all the influence he could use with his countrymen, both in this state and California, to form combinations to resist the laws, and set the governments, both state and federal, at defiance. This "unclean heart" is now editing a paper [the Oregon Reporter] at Jacksonville, where it is supposed treason "most flourishes." That he is alive and at large is sufficient evidence of the misplaced mercy and forbearance of the government. No one who knows this man doubts his desire to bring upon this state all the horrors of civil war, and should he succeed in his wicked purpose he will take such a part in it as will shame Quantrill in atrocity. Yet men claiming to be staunch supporters of the Union advertise in his paper, speak to him, and even shake his hand when they meet him in the streets!!!
Communication from Corvallis, Oregon Statesman, Salem, January 16, 1865, page 2

    By request of Father Blanchet we publish the following letter, which will explain itself:
Novitiate of the Holy Sisters of Jesus & Mary,
    Montreal, Nov. 16th, 1864.
    Rev. Father:--I am in receipt of your favor dated October 4th, by which you manifest a desire to have Sisters establish a school of their order in Jacksonville. It is quite probable that you can have some of them, but we are so circumstanced here at present that we can disburse nothing towards paying their fare to Oregon. If you send money for the fare of three Sisters of Charity, they will be ready to leave Montreal in the coming spring.
    I remain, Rev. Father, with consideration and respect,
Your most humble servant,
    Sister Teresa de Jesus, Prioress.
Rev. Father Blanchet, Jacksonville, Oregon.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 14, 1865, page 3

    A NOVEL WAY.--A friend from Jacksonville tells us that a drove of two hundred and forty-three fat hogs were lately driven by the new road over the mountains from Jackson County to the mines. They were a month upon the road, and were kept in good order by being fed on beef. A drove of cattle were in company, and these were killed and fed to the swine, which were thereby kept in good order all the way.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 17, 1865, page 2

    Recruiting for the Oregon cavalry is going on briskly in Jackson County. Last week thirteen recruits were sent to Fort Klamath.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 20, 1865, page 2

    WELL DONE.--Two heavy freight wagons, loaded with merchandise for our merchants, arrived in town on Saturday evening last, direct from Crescent City over the mountains. The like has not been done for years. They report the mountain road as frozen and hard--very little snow.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 21, 1865, page 5

    COIN FOR TAXES.--Mr. John S. Love, one of the County Commissioners of Jackson County, has recently deposited with the Treasurer of the state the taxes of Jackson County for 1863 and 1864. That county has taken advantage of the law passed last session, granting ninety days for the counties who had offered greenbacks to make them equivalent to gold, and Jackson County has now about $10,000 legal tenders and $5,000 in gold deposited to her credit, on account of her taxes due the state for those two years.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 21, 1865, page 2

JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 1st, 1865.
    To the citizens of Jackson County:
    I have the pleasure to announce to the public of Jackson County that the number of men called for to fill the quota in the First Regiment of Oregon Infantry have responded to the call, and the quota is now full. In the discharge of my duties as recruiting officer, I have met with but very little opposition; in fact, I have had the assistance of persons of all political proclivities. They assisted me, not only by their influence, but with their money. It is because I have been so cleverly aided by precept and example that I am enabled to make the above announcement. But when all have so nobly and generously aided me in this work, I must not forget that among them were persons who, by giving their time and money, and by canvassing for volunteers, have kept alive the proper spirit. To Harrison B. Oatman of Phoenix I am under great obligations for exertions in my behalf. To Messrs. Dowell, Fay and Jacobs I am indebted for speeches in favor of enlistments. I have received in money contributions about three hundred dollars, of which about two hundred and twenty have been expended in the recruiting service, and for the comfort of enlisted men. The residue, by a vote of the enlisted men of the company, has been set aside for sanitary purposes, for the comfort of sick and wounded in the company.
    Recruiting Officer.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 4, 1865, page 3

    THE OREGON MINES.--The Jacksonville Sentinel of Jan. 28th says:
    From every mining camp in Southern Oregon comes cheering, golden news. Water is abundant, and all hands are at work. Take the mines, in the aggregate, and they will yield, this winter, at least five dollars per day to the man. There are at the present time, exclusive of Chinamen and Kanakas, from five hundred to eight hundred men employed in the mines of this county. There are probably a thousand Chinamen. The flood did the miners much injury in carrying away flumes and reservoirs, but there was a compensation attending that injury. Accumulated deposits of tailings were swept away, and old channels cleaned out to the very bedrock.
Morning Union, Grass Valley, California, February 9, 1865, page 2

    We learn from persons who were present that the ball given at Rock Point, by L. J. White, Esq., was a brilliant affair. Sixty-one couples took part in the ball room, besides a great number who participated in the more solid comforts of the loaded board, which was spread at one o'clock.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 11, 1865, page 3

    OREGON NEGLECTED.--The Jacksonville Sentinel says New York Five Points, it is said, has been reclaimed by missionaries. By the same influence the Cherokee has been induced to quit his scalping, the Mohegan his warfare and the Kanaka his man eating. While missionaries have been sent into every other clime to disperse the dark clouds of superstition which are so prone to hover over uncultivated humanity, Southern Oregon has been sorely neglected until recently. Its inhabitants have been suffered to grope their way in superstitious darkness, clinging to the old fogy notions of bygone days. But now a gleam of light breaks in upon them. P. J. Malone, the Puritan hater--a missionary whose character and reputation are beyond dispute--has come among us to disperse the fanatical clouds which have long hung over a neglected people.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, February 16, 1865, page 2

    DIPHTHERIA.--Our county, says the Jacksonville (Oregon) Intelligencer, is again visited with this terrible disease in its most virulent form. All former remedies seem to be entirely ineffectual in removing the cause of the disease.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, February 16, 1865, page 2

    GONE.--Mr. J. Waldo Thompson, who has had charge of the telegraph office at this place for the last nine or ten months, started for Salem on yesterday morning, to take charge of the office there. We commend him to the good people of Salem as a young man worthy of their highest confidence and esteem.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 25, 1865, page 2

    ROAD TO OWYHEE.--From our exchanges we glean the fact that considerable interest is being manifested in other portions of Oregon, and in California also, with regard to the Owyhee mines and the several routes to them. We have just been shown the tracings of Col. Drew's route of last summer, from Ft. Klamath to the Owyhee region and back, and from this, taken in connection with his official report, it is obvious, to us at any rate, that the route by which he returned is decidedly the best that has yet been found. From any portion of the country between Red Bluff, California, and Eugene City, Oregon, it is quite direct--from Yreka, Jacksonville, and Roseburg, more direct than it is possible to find another. It has, also, less desert, more grazing and better water than any route of which we have any knowledge. It is of the greatest public consequence to Southern Oregon, and Northern California, that the route should be opened at once, as a regular thoroughfare, as among the many benefits of a public character that will accrue in such event, the distance of the overland immigrant route to this portion of the Pacific Coast will be greatly shortened and otherwise improved. We hope, therefore, that this route will receive early attention on the part of the generals commanding the District of California and the Department of the Pacific, and that an ample military force will be placed upon it early in the coming spring, to guard it effectually from the Indians. General Wright, commanding the District of California, and at whose instance the Owyhee reconnaissance of last year was made, we known to be fully alive to the interests and welfare of this frontier, and we trust that through him the general commanding the department will also become fully aware of our wants and necessities.--Sentinel.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 28, 1865, page 3

WAGNER CREEK, Feb. 16th, 1865.
    Ed. Sentinel:--According to promise, I sit myself down to inform you that all is quiet here.
    The excitement about the new diggings has partially passed away, and all hands have settled down to steady labor enlarging the Ashland Creek mining ditch, which is extended above the rich diggings, and will soon afford enough water to prospect thoroughly the gulches adjoining, which, with the present means of prospecting, are supposed to be rich as the main Wild Cat Gulch. This singular feline cognomen was given to the diggings by the original finders, A. G. Rockfellow and partners, they having succeeded in treeing four of these ferocious animals near the place where they found their first prospect. The laws enacted allow a person to hold fifty yards of creek, or one hundred yards of bank, to be worked one day in every ten, when there is water to be had. But enough of the diggings at present.
    I notice in a late number of the Reporter a venomous slur at the Mountain Rangers, which would not be worth noticing were it not to correct the misstatement that the state furnishes the company with uniforms. The company furnish their own uniforms and everything except the weapons and armory, and they obtain no pay for the time and trouble of drilling. Ten of the members of the Mountain Rangers have enlisted under the call for infantry, but there is still enough of us left to amuse the "school children and simpering misses," as the Reporter man seems to think that is all we do.
NORBLEW. [Welborn Beeson]
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 4, 1865, page 2

    NEW ROAD.--The Sentinel contends that the newly discovered route from Crescent City via Jacksonville and Fort Klamath is the best way of reaching the Idaho and Eastern Oregon mines. Jordan Creek and the silver ledges of Owyhee are nearly due east of Jacksonville. If the new route is as feasible as the Sentinel thinks, there will be a large travel over it, and its advantage to the southern counties of Oregon can hardly be overestimated.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, March 6, 1865, page 2

News from Jacksonville--Cold Weather, Town Election, Etc.
    JACKSONVILLE, (O.), March 8.--Two miners, named Parsons and Shultz, were killed on Jackson Creek yesterday by caves [cave-ins].
    At the town election yesterday only one hundred and twenty votes were polled--a great falling-off from last year. Not much interest was manifested.
    The weather for the last ten days has been very cold, and the mails for several days have been packed from Levens' to Croxton's, a distance of twenty-eight miles, as the stages could not run on account of the snow.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, March 9, 1865, page 1

    Colonel R. F. Maury of the First Oregon Cavalry has been designated as the officer to succeed General Alvord in the command of the Military District of Oregon, which includes Oregon, Washington Territory, and Idaho. Colonel Maury is a graduate of West Point, but abandoned military life for the civil many years ago, came to Oregon in 1852 (we think), and was for many years engaged in mercantile pursuits in Jacksonville. Upon the outbreak of the war he was appointed Colonel of the first regiment raised in Oregon, and has acted in that capacity ever since. He is a superior man, of fine attainments, and much military experience, which intimate acquaintance with Oregon men and affairs will enable him to use to the advantage of the public. We are favored in the selection of the new District Commander.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, March 20, 1865, page 2

    Sheriff Owen of Jackson  County went down on the steamer Reliance, on Saturday, escorting Wm. Wilkerson, who was invited by Judge Prim to visit the Penitentiary, and remain a year, for stealing certain goods from the store of Max Muller & Brentano in Jacksonville.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, March 20, 1865, page 3

    SWORD FOR THE PEN.--J. M. Sutton, of the Jacksonville Sentinel, having received a commission in the Oregon cavalry, retires from that paper. The editor says: "We have determined to exchange the pen for its rival--the sword; the chair editorial for the saddle." Mr. Dowell, the publisher of the Sentinel, wants an editor with few enemies to punish. We recommend our correspondent at North San Juan.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, April 6, 1865, page 2

    TIME CHANGED.--On the 1st instant the California Stage Company's line from Sacramento to Portland, via Shasta, Yreka, Jacksonville, &c., changed from slow to fast time. The line is now running night and day, leaving Oroville daily on the arrival of the trains over the Northern California Railroad.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, April 9, 1865, page 3

    AN EDITOR WANTED.--J. M. Sutton has retired from the editorial chair of the Jacksonville Sentinel, and Mr. Dowell, the proprietor of the paper, advertises for a "good young Union man who has but few enemies to punish," to edit the paper.
"Local and State News," Oregon Statesman, Salem, April 10, 1865, page 3

    President Lincoln died in Washington City, at 7:30 a.m. on the 14th last, and on the same day it was received at this office in Jacksonville, Oregon, nearly 3000 miles on a direct line, and by telegraph upwards of 4500 miles. This news was published in our extra in less than five hours after Mr. Lincoln died. A few years ago, it took news from five to eighteen months. Such is the march of civilization.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 22, 1865, page 3

JACKSONVILLE (O.), April 27th.
    In accordance with the proclamation of the Governor of Oregon setting apart today (April 27th) for the obsequies of the late President, the stores and all places of business were closed, flags displayed at half mast and city draped in mourning. Guns were fixed every half hour throughout the day and bells tolled during the marching of the procession, which formed at the courthouse at one p.m., and marched through the principal streets in the city, headed by a brass band, to the Methodist Episcopal Church, where a funeral sermon was delivered by Rev. Mr. Miller and an oration by O. Jacobs. At ten a.m. expiatory mass was said at St. Joseph Church and a discourse delivered by Father Blanchet.Sacramento Daily Union, April 28, 1865, page 3

    T'VAULT LICKED BY THE DOGS.--The copperhead party in Jackson County is becoming beautifully less by degrees, and Pat Malone, Fay & Co. have read T'Vault out of the party, and formally consigned him to the "abolitionists." After they had pitched into him through the Reporter, says the Sentinel, he was asked how he felt. He replied: "I suppose I feel about like Lazarus did after he was licked by the dogs."

Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, April 29, 1865, page 3

    Judge P. P. Prim of Jacksonville, who is, we believe, by seniority Chief Justice of our supreme bench, has been in town the last four days. The Judge appears in good health and retain his accustomed easy and friendly manner that makes him so many friends and so few enemies. Southern Oregon rejoices in the possession of a judge in his person that possesses many elements of popularity and a host of friends.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, April 29, 1865, page 2

    The copperhead paper at Jacksonville says there are forty thousand surplus females in Massachusetts, and it understands that "Gov. Andrews proposes to ship them out to this coast." Some mischievous wag has evidently imposed upon copperhead ignorance and credulity with this absurd yarn, merely to have fun. "Paddy from Cork" sucks the whole story, and forthwith writes and sends forth to the sturdy Democracy of Oregon a flaming article, under the caption of "Don't send them here," vigorously protesting against the measure, and denouncing it as another monstrous "abolition outrage." Pat says all the people from "way down East" are "Puritan abolitionists," and there are entirely too many of that "pestilent breed" in Oregon now for the good of Democracy. All the "pedagogues, preachers and politicians," who have "debauched, demoralized and betrayed the Democracy of Oregon hail from the same region," explains the indignant Paddy. After thoroughly abusing and denouncing the "surplus female population" of New England, this roving Irish blackguard makes a kind of general raid upon the whole "pestilent breed," and their Puritan, abolition schemes, in the following style:
    "We recommend Governor Andrews to send the surplus female population to Africa to practice the favorite doctrine of Massachusetts--miscegenation. Wendell Phillips says 'the typical man is a miscegenee.' He believes in the mixture and 'improvement' of races. He believes that Africa would improve the Yankee stock, but whether Africa would be improved thereby is the next question. We notice that Sam Clark and the Oregonian have established an agency at Portland for the importation. The conditions are that those wishing to import shall pay the cost of carriage, etc. We apprehend there are few Oregonians who desire to engage in the enterprise. We know several, however, who won't pay handsomely to get rid of the Puritan parsons and pedagogues who already afflict our state. If the two Strattons--preacher and Judge--Bush, Boise, 'Jim Nes,' Jo Drew, Ben Harding, 'Bro Pearne,' Henderson, and others of the same kidney could be gathered up and sent home to increase the parent Puritan stock, there are many who would pay liberally for the enterprise. And if, when they were got there to Puritania, a 'deep ditch could be dug, and a high wall erected around the spot,' and they were left there to 'rot out of existence' in the 'isms,' there are thousands who would pay still more liberally for the labor."
    The above refutes the old adage that a "fool can't go crazy." Pat is at least one instance on record where a "fool has gone crazy." The idea of an addle-brained, gabbering Irish turf cutter coming over here and attempting to teach civilized people what kind of institutions they ought to have, and slandering the inhabitants of all the New England states, the most intellectual and refined people in the world, is preposterous. Nothing but a lamentable lack of common sense in the first place, coupled with the rankest kind of "moral insanity," could ever induce such monstrous presumption.
    Pat never writes on any subject without abusing the Puritans and abolitionists. And this crazy fool is really the leader of the copperhead part in Oregon. When he commenced braying about "Puritan abolitionists" through the Reporter, the other two copperhead organs chimed in immediately. Ever since then they have echoed the ridiculous balderdash of this Taddy O'Rurick about Puritans. The Reporter always blows the first blast, and then the other copperhead organs--the Review and Arena--toot their little rebel horns.
    According to their own definition, schools, churches, politicians, people, and everything under the sun worth naming have become "abolitionized," and if the little band of rebel sympathizers, who persist in clinging to the dead "isms" of the past, don't like this state of affairs, they will have to depart to some other "sphere." This world has become abolitionized, Patrick, and if you and your kind don't like it, why don't you emigrate, or cast away your idols and act like civilized men. The copperhead party, like slavery and the rebel Confederacy, has had its day in Jackson County, where it carried the last election by a considerable majority. The party is divided, disorganized, broken up. In no county in the Willamette Valley can they hope for success hereafter. It was the party which represented the cause of slavery and the rebellion in the North, and it dies with them as a natural consequence. A majority of the party may hang together, but enough will see the error of their ways, by the light of events, to leave the organization as dead as the rebellion, which alone has kept it alive for the last four years.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, April 29, 1865, page 2

    OUTSPOKEN.--In these times, when Copperhead leaders are trying to worm into the columns of their organs a sort of half-and-half eulogy and reproach of the late lamented President, publishing abusive extracts with great gusto upon the episode struck off previous to receiving the news, while in the editorial column they attempt half-hearted candor and contemptible eulogy, it is startling to find in J. D. Fay, editor of the Reporter, one who does not condescend to truckle to policy or deny himself. Differing from him diametrically as we do, we prefer his words for the same reason that we respect an outspoken rebel more than a palavering "Peace Democrat." The following extract from the Reporter, much as we condemn it, is at least consistent with its former course. The people are to decide if formerly or now they can sanction or approve it. The great and good of all the world are against them if they do.
    "Much as we have opposed his policy, bitterly and earnestly as we have denounced his official conduct, we cannot but unite in common with thinking men of all shades of political opinion in a feeling of profound regret at the occurrence of so calamitous an event. While we honestly believe that it would have been far better for the peace and prosperity of the country had he never seen the light, we cannot regard his assassination as a blessing from any other vein than as an evil to the nation and can but denounce the murderer as an enemy not only to the peace and good order of society of the United States but as a violator of the laws of God and man. His death will not change the policy of the party in power nor will the blood shed by the murder's bullet fill the veins of the myriads whose gore crimsoned the plains of the North and South. The fatal deed which deprived him of life cannot resurrect the inanimate dead whose graves roughen the battle fields to which his fatal policy led them. Nor can virulent reproaches heaped upon his tomb stifle the malice, obliterate the hatred, and wash out the bitter recollections engendered by the strife of sections. Nor will his memory, covered with obloquy and reproach, console the mourning hearts of the widow and the mother, and fill the place by the fireside forever made vacant by this 'cruel war.'"
Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 1, 1865, page 2

    THE Jacksonville (On.) Reporter, a contemptible Copperhead sheet, published by P. J. Malone, fails to appear in mourning for the murder of President Lincoln, and under pretense of condemning the assassination, seeks to malign the character of Abraham Lincoln.
Trinity Journal, Weaverville, California, May 6, 1865, page 1

    THE TROUBLE IN JACKSON COUNTY.--From a gentleman lately in from Jackson County, we learn that the trouble among the copperheads in that region is still increasing. It will be remembered that Pat Malone made a raid on T'Vault last winter, suppressed his paper, and started the Reporter. As we predicted at the time, Pat soon after commenced his old tricks--abusing and blackguarding indiscriminately. In a short time he had "Democracy" in a perfect ferment--fighting like wolves among themselves. Things continued in this shape, till finally the copperheads became so disgusted with Pat that they were going to tar and feather him. The ruffian got wind of it, and skedaddled over into Umpqua, where he remained several weeks, only returning to Jacksonville a few days ago, after the excitement had measurably subsided. In the absence of Malone, Fay, who is as big a blackguard, but lacks the ability, ran the machine. While at Roseburg Pat perjured himself, if his writings express his opinions, by taking the "abolition oath" to get a title to some land. But of course a man who encourages treason and rebellion, resulting in war, murder, famine, and every other imaginable crime, would not hesitate to swear to anything under the sun, if it would promote his interest. All of his style of copperheads are in the same fix, though we are happy to know that Pat, with the Arena and Review, represents only the left wing of the party.

Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, May 13, 1865, page 2

    In Jackson County there is a very brisk demand for cattle for the mines. Prices ranging from $5 for yearlings, $10 and $12 for two-year-olds, and $25 for cows and calves, up to $30 for good, large, fat steers. Cattle will be thoroughly taken out of middle and northern Oregon by the demand for them this summer. The grass of the country is being eaten by sheep, and farmers and cattle raisers are draining it of horned stock in consequence.
"Financial and Commercial," Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 13, 1865, page 4

    CROPS.--The Oregon Reporter says of the crops in Rogue River Valley: We learn that the wheat in this valley is dying out for want of rain, and that the insect called the "Hessian bug" is, also, making ravages upon it. It is the opinion of farmers that there will not be a half crop unless copious rains fall inside of two weeks.

Oregon Statesman, Salem, May 22, 1865, page 3

    ROBBERY.--A daring robbery was committed near the mouth of Applegate, on Monday last, by one Phoenix Rose, a Portuguese. While traveling along the road in company with a mining partner, he suddenly attacked the latter with a gun, striking him over the head, and beating him so severely as to leave him for dead. He then robbed the wounded man of $1,600 and decamped. Traces of the robber were discovered near Williamsburg, where he had been hiding in the house of a relative, on Wednesday last, and about $1,048 of the plunder recovered. The thief narrowly escaped capture. Every exertion is being used to capture him, and no doubt the effort will be successful.--Jacksonville (Oregon) Reporter, May 20th.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, May 25, 1865, page 1

    THE Jacksonville (Oregon) Reporter says that four sisters of Jesus and Mary are expected every day in that town, where they are to establish a school. The lady superioress of the Order at Portland is coming to see them settle in their new home. Father Blanchet has been industriously at work for the last month cultivating the ground and shrubbery around their intended home. He has succeeded to such a degree as to make the cozy little nook look like a miniature Paradise. The Sisters will be a blessing to this community. They diffuse around them charity and virtue, gentleness and intelligence. We hope, in time, to see a school of Christian Brothers also in Jacksonville. The boys of the community need the right kind of training as well as the girls.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, June 4, 1865, page 2

    Three Sisters of Charity intended for the Catholic school of Jacksonville have arrived in Oregon.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 5, 1865, page 3

    THE Sentinel says that over five hundred head of cattle, and two thousand head of sheep, have started from Jackson County over the Rogue River and John Day wagon road for the mines.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, June 10, 1865, page 3

Crescent City teams come in almost daily laden with reapers for the farmers of this valley, which proves that our farmers intend making the most of their somewhat light crops this season, by cutting all and not leaving it to be harvested by hogs, as has been the practice with many heretofore.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 24, 1865, page 2

    WIND MILLS.--In the vicinity of Jacksonville wind mills have been introduced with great success for the purpose of irrigation.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 24, 1865, page 3

    CELEBRATION.--All should bear in mind that the dinner at the celebration near Camp Baker is to be a picnic, and they should come prepared to take care of themselves and one or two others if necessary.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 24, 1865, page 3

    WOOLEN FACTORIES FOR SOUTHERN OREGON.--The last No. of the Jacksonville Reporter calls the attention of the people of Southern Oregon to the importance of turning their attention to the production and manufacture of wool. This is undoubtedly the true policy for the farmers in that section. Mining has become precarious, and is not to be relied on for the permanent prosperity of that section, and it is too remote from seaports and navigable rivers to export its heavy products. Southern Oregon is admirably adapted to the production of wool, and water power is everywhere at hand. The wool interest of the Willamette Valley is doing wonders in aiding in the development and enriching the country. Two woolen factories ought to be supported south of the Calapooias--one in Umpqua, and one in Rogue River Valley. If the people take hold of it in earnest, they will not find it so great an undertaking as many imagine.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 26, 1865, page 2

    A NEMESIS WANTED AT JACKSONVILLE.--The slanderous calumniator of the Oregon Reporter, whose delight it is "to make most hellish meals of good men's names," says that the late President Lincoln was a dissimulating villain. The false accuser deserves to be scourged with a whip of scorpions through the nether regions to all eternity.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 29, 1865, page 2

    SOLD OUT.--J. A. Landis, Esq., has sold out his stage line running from this place to Waldo, Josephine County, to Logan & Thompson, of the latter place. He is to deliver up the lines to them today.
    Mr. Landis expects to go East about the 1st of August. During his stay with us he has won the regard of all who know him, by his gentlemanly bearing and prompt attention to all business entrusted to his care. Now, goodbye, Joe, and may the hand of her whom you "see in your dreams" bestow the happiness you deserve.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 1, 1865, page 2

    By Rev. M. A. Williams, at his residence on Bear Creek, June 26th, JOHN GUILFOYLE to JEANNE DE ROBOAM, all of Jacksonville.
    May they be condemned to everlasting happiness in this life, and when a good old age has summoned them to the land of their fathers, may the happy, smiling faces of many sons and daughters mourn the loss of a kind and affectionate father and mother.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 1, 1865, page 3

    The irrepressible conflict between the two wings of the copperhead party still goes on, with slight variations. The Arena and Review are trying to make themselves the exclusive organs of the native rebels, and at the same time would like to blarney and humbug the Irish and other foreign-born citizens, and thereby cut off the support of Pat Malone and O'Meara. Pat comprehends this shallow trick of his rivals, and makes vigorous war on the rascals, all the time declaring, however, that he does not intend to offend them, and accusing them of making unwarrantable and malicious attacks upon him.
    It is amusing to observe what tricks Pat plays on these fellows. He draws his war club, and with a few rapid whirls knocks down some of his "friends" for "displaying a weakness--a tendency to cringe before the rising storm of Puritan bigotry and fanaticism that burst over the land" on the occasion of the assassination of the President, and when these "sturdy Democrats," stunned and bewildered, rise to their feet and inquire why he treated them thus, the Irish bully replies: "Faith, and is it you that would be after getting up a quarrel with me? whin I never laid a finger on any of yeze, you ignorant bastes!" He makes fearful havoc among them every week, and when they humbly ask why he does so, he tells them to mind their own business, declares he never said a word about any of them, is astonished that they should try to provoke a quarrel with a peaceable rebel like him, and at the same instant gives them another spat that hurts worse than ever. This must be fine fun, and no doubt the wild Irishman enjoys the sport hugely and nearly splits his sides laughing at the fools. The fact of the business is, Pat is entirely too smart for the conservative copperheads, and when O'Meara gets under way with his paper, the Irish will undoubtedly "subjugate" the Democracy.
    A few weeks ago the Reporter published a correspondence from Lane County, evidently written by the fiddling ex-Governor--who, by the way, along with a few other "sturdy Democrats," has been "taked in" for several hundred dollars by the rebel concern of this place--denouncing the editors of the Review and Arena in the vilest terms. Malone endorsed every word of this correspondence, stating that he had "been some time casting about for words in which to express his feelings" and had at last found them in the letter which denounced the above-named papers in the most unsparing terms for their "low, vile, false and cringing eulogy" of the President. When these copperheads wanted to know why they had been so fiercely assaulted by their amiable friend, he replies that he made no attack, and wonders why they are all the time trying to pick a quarrel with him. To cap the climax he reprints the article denouncing the "low, vile, false, cringing eulogists" and makes another charge on the enemy as follows:
    "We said nothing editorially about them or their conduct. So far from it were we that we did not even have them in our mind when we wrote our comments on the correspondence referred to. We hadn't seen either of the papers for a month previous. We hadn't read their editorials on the subject of Mr. Lincoln's death--and seldom do on any subject; for we have got into the habit lately of reading to be instructed, and we confess we don't find much of that commodity in the Arena's learned disquisitions on 'Pauncheous Pilot.'"
    A man who can make an attack, and then repeat it, and at the same time declare he never did it, is certainly chief of liars, and worthy of being champion of the "Democracy." Now, unless O'Meara can tell some tremendous lies, Pat will henceforth be "chief." O'Meara will undoubtedly make a desperate effort to surpass Patrick in mendacity, and thus become the champion of the party, and the falsehoods which they will fabricate in their rivalry for the victory, will no doubt astonish the natives of Long Tom.

Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, July 1, 1865, page 2

    ORATORS.--It will be remembered that the people of Jackson County, Oregon imported their orator for the Fourth of July from Yreka, and that the leaguers of Yreka got theirs from Jacksonville. Everybody here speak in the highest terms of the oration of Mr. [Orange] Jacobs, but the Reporter of Jacksonville does not return the compliment. In its observations upon Mr. McDougal's oration delivered at Phoenix, that paper says:
    "A collection of fifty dollars was made among the generous, God-fearing 'Yoonyun' men at Phoenix on the Fourth, for the relief of Archer, who lost nearly all he had by the fire, while the same canting crew made up a purse of three hundred dollars for McDougal, one of these clerical pests who infest almost every community nowadays. This man McDougal was invited to Phoenix from Yreka to deliver the oration, and took occasion during his address to spit out a lot of Billingsgate about Copperheads, etc., which would disgrace the most abandoned fish woman that ever plied her voice and calling in the purlieus of Wapping. The reverend vilifier and calumniator was enjoying the hospitality of Democrats as well as Republicans, who were equally strangers to him, and as a stranger among men of all parties who were showing him every attention and courtesy, and were at least entitled to respect and common decency--should have restrained the reverend blackguard's tongue, if no consideration for his calling could. But when lies and slander, vilification and abuse are rewarded by a fat purse, Messrs. Howling Parsons are not proof against temptation to bear false witness. In the meantime, the man who lost his all may bear his burden as best he may. Such is puritan philanthropy and charity."
The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, July 15, 1865, page 2

Capture of a Horse Thief.
    CANYONVILLE, July 25th.--On Sunday an Irishman claiming to be a Methodist minister, and having recommendations from several Methodist ministers of the northern part of the state, stole a horse from a Mr. Curnott, another Methodist minister of this place, and started south. He was pursued and captured at Phoenix, south of this place, in Jackson County. He was brought back to this place and remanded to jail to await the action of the grand jury.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, July 26, 1865, page 1

    ROAD TO KLAMATH.--A detachment of twenty men, under command of Captain Sprague, started to cut a road from Fort Klamath, intersecting the "Rogue River and John Day Wagon Road" at Union Creek. By letter from Captain Sprague we learn that an excellent road can be made with but a slight grade. He says teams can draw as heavy loads over it as they can over the Crescent City road.
    The Captain says he would be very thankful for any assistance from the citizens on this end of the road.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 29, 1865, page 2

    The fight between the [Jacksonville] Reporter and the copperhead leaders who support it on the one hand, and the little squad of miscellaneous scavengers and "Live Long Tomers" on the other hand, who are running the rebel organ of this place (into the ground) is waxing warm. Two weeks ago "Coast Fork" (the Governor) commenced the laudable but very disagreeable and dangerous work of "punching the wind out of the vain little man." This process produced a kind of internal convulsion and a "wail of despair," which seems to have disgusted "sturdy Democrats" more than ever. Thereupon their wrath kindles, and they wish to have it "distinctly understood that they will resist the leadership of such men"--namely the "vain little man" who is so "puffed up like a bladder" and his associates. It is a veritable "tempest in a tea pot." The following extracts from a long article in the Reporter will give the reader some idea of the nature of the trouble which is distracting the "harmonious Democracy."
    "The Review
and Arena are very much exercised in regard to certain correspondence which has appeared in these columns in reference to them. In the last issue of the Review the editor thereof publishes a long defense, and coolly asks us to republish it. If we don't choose to do so the little man of the Review commands Democrats to 'spot' us. The Arena approves of the article in question; so, of course, it is in favor of the 'spotting' process. Well, gentlemen, although we don't know what terrible species of punishment 'spotting' may be, we shall nevertheless take the desperate chances of being 'spotted,' and won't publish the Review's effusions. We wish the Review and its fellow martyr, the Arena, to distinctly understand that their wails of anguish shall not deter as from publishing any correspondence, etc. The Review's article does not require and is not worthy a reply from us, and we shall leave 'Coast Fork' to attend to it, which undoubtedly he will do in due time."
    Now is your chance, Governor. "Attend to them in due time," certainly. If you don't you are not the man you pretend to be. What, get the Reporter into trouble, and then desert it--never! No, sir, teach these inflated scrubs that you never back down when the principles of "sturdy Democracy" are at stake, and, furthermore, that you are not to be trampled upon by the likes of them. Waltz in on the rascals, and chastise them for fleecing you "financially and otherwise." Let the world know, for the credit of your party, that a Democratic Governor cannot be deliberately fleeced out of his substance in broad daylight, and then look quietly on and see his means squandered to break up the party by a "vain little man," or set of men, "puffed up like a bladder." Teach the impudent vagabonds that they can't play such high-handed tricks on a live Democratic Governor.
    The Reporter continues:
    "At the peril of bringing down our devoted head the terrors of 'spotting,' we distinctly avow our determination to resist the leadership of such men as are referred to by our correspondent. We should prefer to see the party defeated nine hundred and ninety-nine times while standing firm to the principles it upheld during the stormy scenes of the last four years, than triumph under the leadership of that crew of traitors, the Butlers and Dickinsons of the East, or their servile and unscrupulous imitators in Oregon."
    We presume this war-whoop, and death knell of the "servile" creatures referred to, is from Fay, "the leader of the Democracy in the House" during the last session of the legislature, as Pat Malone is east of the mountains. With the Reporter on the south, that "new Democratic paper" looming up on the north, and the Governor in the center, the "wailings" of these "servile" rebels can't last long. Let them wail while they can, for all the wind will soon be punched out of them, and then what a collapse there will be.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, July 29, 1865, page 2

    RETURNED.--Father Blanchet has returned from Portland, bringing the sisters with him. We understand that St. Mary's Academy will be opened about the first of September.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 26, 1865, page 2

    THE VISIT TO JACKSONVILLE.--During the last week several of our citizens visited Jacksonville for the purpose of participating in the celebration of the anniversary of the organization of the Odd Fellows Lodge at that place. The ceremonies consisted of a procession, oration and ball. The oration by Mr. Steele was a masterly effort, so replete with the true feeling and principles of genuine Odd Fellowship, that in this era of political animosity and party zeal it was truly gratifying. The ball was all that beauty, good fellowship and gaiety could make it, while the genial hospitality of the citizens of Jacksonville was such as forever to render the visit to the place a pleasant reminiscence. Indeed, the citizens of Jacksonville of all parties seemed to vie with each other in their attempts to render the stay of the Yrekans agreeable, and we have been requested to state that if there was any suspicion of want of appreciation of such kind treatment, it was because the visitors were treated so much better than they either expected or deserved that surprise prevented them from exhibiting the extent of their gratification.

"Home Intelligence," The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, August 26, 1865, page 3

    O. JACOBS.--This gentleman is now on a visit to our county. He is, as we have been informed, stumping the county for the Republican ticket. Mr. Jacobs is favorably spoken of by both parties in Jacksonville where he resides, and wherever he may address the people of Siskiyou County we bespeak for him a courteous reception and a respectable attention. This we can promise him as far as the Democracy are concerned. The Democracy will never permit the many excellences of the man to be obscured by the badness of the cause, and they will also remember that Mr. Jacobs is in no way responsible for the want of ability in the Republican Party, or for the occasion that has rendered his importation necessary. The leaders of the Republican Party have at length been aroused to a consciousness that their home speakers are played out. Some change had to be made, and from all that we have heard, their choice could not have fallen on one who was socially a finer gentleman.

The Semi-Weekly Union,
Yreka, California, August 26, 1865, page 2

    The Rev. Father Blanchet and the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, who are to institute the school in Jacksonville, arrived there on the 16th inst.
"State and Coast Items," State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, August 28, 1865, page 3

    The Chinese miners on Applegate Creek, Jackson County, arranged for a pitched fight among themselves, over some water ditch difficulty, on the 10th, but when the day of battle came the Johns thought better of it. They were very singularly matched--36 against 300.
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, August 28, 1865, page 5

    STRANGE, PASSING STRANGE.--An event occurred the past week never before known in Jacksonville. For several days during the past week there was not a lawyer in town. However, O. Jacobs, Esq., can now be found at his office, ready to attend to any disputes which may arise.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 9, 1865, page 3

EVEN cases of smallpox have occurred in Sams Valley, Jackson County, one of which, that of C. Pelton, proved fatal.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, September 16, 1865, page 2

    CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP.--It will be seen by their advertisement in another column that Messrs. Savage and Sutton have bought out Dr. L. S. Thompson in the City Drug Store. We observe that they are giving their store an entire renovation, and getting things shipshape. They have also added a new feature to the business, that of books and stationery. In short, taking all things into consideration, if you want paper, pens or pills, just call on Savage & Sutton.
    We understand that Dr. Thompson intends to continue the practice of medicine in this county, having retired from the drug business, with a view of giving his entire attention to his profession.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 23, 1865, page 2

    JAIL LIBERTIES.--The County Court has established the following boundaries of the jail liberties of Jackson County, to wit:
    Commencing at the southwest corner of California and Oregon sts. in the town of Jacksonville, including the sidewalks, and running thence N., on the west side of Oregon St., including sidewalk of said st., to the north boundary of the corporation of Jacksonville, being the S. boundary of J. N. T. Miller's land claim, thence E. with said north boundary of the corporation until it strikes the eastern boundary of the corporation, thence with the said eastern boundary until it strikes the south side of road leading from Jacksonville to Yreka or California Street, at or near the first bridge east of the present residence of A. M. Berry, thence with the south line of California Street, including the sidewalk, to the place of beginning.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 7, 1865, page 2

    QUARTZ MILL.--Col. Drew and others are fitting up the quartz mill on Jackson Creek, for the purpose of testing the quartz ledges in this county. The Colonel has sent to San Francisco for improved machinery, and the prospect is that the thorough test these gentlemen will be enabled to give the various quartz lodes in this county will develop many ledges that will be of vast importance and add greatly to the wealth of the country. The company have also commenced prospecting for the lead from which the silver specimens, spoken of in another column, came. It can only be the sincere wish of all that all the ledges prospects ma prove rich.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 7, 1865, page 2

    SILVER BRICK.--A few days since Major Glenn showed us a specimen of silver ore and also a piece of pure silver from a similar specimen. The ore assayed weighed an ounce, and the silver obtained was worthy seventy cents. When the fact is taken into considerationi that a silver dollar weighs but an ounce, this a very rich specimen. The pieces of ore found were float, but they show conclusively that there is more where they came from, and if the lead is ever found it will prove as rich as Potosi. The specimens were found on Jackson Creek, about one and a half miles from town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 7, 1865, page 2

    FROM JACKSON COUNTY.--The Reporter says that Major Glenn exhibited at that office a piece of virgin silver taken from one found in Jackson Creek. Prospecting for silver in that county since has developed lodes on Foots Creek. The mines in Jackson County are still paying well.
Albany Democrat, October 14, 1865, page 3

    JACKSON COUNTY FINANCES.--The annual report of the Clerk of Jackson County, just submitted to the public, shows $17,207.00 county fund receipts for the year ending September 6th, 1865. The expenditures for the same time were $13,214.19. The county indebtedness, exclusive of delinquencies to the state, is $11,455.05. The indebtedness to the state is not given.
Oregonian, Portland, October 14, 1865, page 2

    Near Phoenix, Jackson County, Oregon, Oct. 3rd, THOS. ASPINWALL, aged 38 years.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 17, 1865, page 2

    By Rev. H. M. Waller, Oct. 12th, Wm. Robinson of Jackson County, to Miss Cynthia Ann Oglesby of Polk County.
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, October 28, 1865, page 4

    WOOL GROWING IN JACKSON COUNTY.--The Reporter is trying to stir the people of Rogue River Valley up to the importance of the producing and manufacturing of wool. It makes an estimate, based upon shipments made by Jacksonville merchants, that Jackson and Josephine counties have produced, during the past year, from seventy-five to one hundred thousand pounds. At the price quoted for wool in the Jacksonville market quotations (12½ cts. per pound), this wool only brought a return of from $9,500 to $12,000. At the average price in the Willamette Valley, that wool would have produced, for the raw staple, about $20,000, and, if manufactured at a home factory, not less than $100,000. The Reporter argues that there is a ready market for the products of a factory, not only in Jackson and Josephine counties, but also in Northern California, Owyhee, Humboldt, and other mining regions to the eastward. It looks as if there was a favorable opening down there for a small factory, and some of our factory men might improve their time well by looking after it. Every new factory is a great gain to the state.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, October 30, 1865, page 2

    SOUND DEMOCRATIC DOCTRINE.--We can also tell our friends that we must all buckle on our Democratic armor afresh, and become alive and active in disseminating wholesome truths among the people.
    The above is from an article which the Reporter endorses as "a sound Democratic opinion." We suppose if the Reporter man is sincere, not only "truths," but "wholesome truths" will now flow through the Democratic channels. We may therefore expect to have the readers of the Democratic papers correctly informed of the gallant murders of Union men or women in East Tennessee by chivalrous "Democrats" before the war had fairly begun--of the high-toned murder of tens of thousands of Union soldiers by a gang who were true "Democrats"--before the war, and are suing for pardon in order that they may again vote the "Democratic" ticket--of the abject servility of nearly all the "Democratic" leaders to the traitorous leaders of the South--of the anti-Republican and oligarchical tendencies of both "Democratic" policy and "Democratic" principles as now expounded. Go on, virtuous "Reporter," give the people, without stint, wholesome truths, all the wholesome truths and nothing but the wholesome truths, and we will hail you as our efficient and faithful ally in the destruction of that greatest of all political shams, the modern Democratic party (or, rather, faction) which feeds on nothing but old traditions and modern lies; and, being crammed with these, it utters great, swelling words, and, parrot-like, cries out, "Great is Democracy."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 3, 1865, page 2

    STUDENTS FOR GEN. LEE'S COLLEGE.--A late number of the New York Day Book has an article which the Oregon Reporter copies with approbation, insisting that the proper way to ensure the growth and final triumph of "healthy 'Democratic' principles" is to send our young men from the North to the colleges of Virginia to be educated. Wise and hopeful suggestion! Who so well qualified to inculcate the principles of pure "Democracy" as that "eminent Virginian," Gen. Lee, now President of Washington College at Lexington? The Reporter wants to supply him and his college with a thousand Northern students this fall. Wonder if some of the Copperhead youths of this state could not be induced to go to Washington College to receive instruction from the "sterling Democrat" who presides there? Hurry Oregon's share of the thousand up and send them along. In due time they will be fitted for "treasons, stratagems and spoils."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 13, 1865, page 2

    "DEMOCRATIC" LITERATURE.--Astounded and horrified at the fact that several divorces have recently been granted in New York City, Mr. Malone of the Reporter sees in this circumstance another opportunity for a blow at the "monster Abolitionism," which has (if we may believe his high authority) caused throughout the country a complete abandonment of all rectitude and morality. Accordingly the Reporter discourses in the following lofty strain of moral indignation:
    "So it is all over the country; and this but a drop in the sea of humanitarian debauchery with which war gospelling has flooded the hitherto pure channels of intercourse among a once moral, contented and happy people. Will these bloodhounds of Zion, who have been engaged in this demoralization, be longer tolerated in poisoning the morals and depraving the taste of those they hold a patent to address through the pulpit, hitherto consecrated to the diffusion of doctrines of the Prince of Peace? If so, the degradation of this country will find the lowest level of any known in history--will be complete."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 13, 1865, page 2

    MULES STOLEN.--By the politeness of Mr. McManus we give the following letter, which is the latest news received of the loss of the train. Mr. McManus is the sufferer, as the train belonged to him and not to Miller and Maury, as reported in some of the newspapers:
CAMP LYON, Oct. 25, 1865.
    We arrived on the 22nd inst., and on that night had 58 of our mules stolen. We recovered 34 of them the next day; the balance, 24 mules and the bay bell mare, are gone to feed "lo! the poor Indians" this winter. The mules that are gone are generally the very best mules in the train. We leave here this morning with the remainder of the train, and if we have no bad luck will be in Jacksonville about the 1st of December.
Yours &c.,
    A. W. MILLER.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 18, 1865, page 2

    PAT. MALONE LEAVES OREGON.--Malone has abandoned the Jacksonville Reporter, and is going to Idaho to establish the Idaho Argus. In his parting words, he says:
    "For all the bad motives imputed to us, we never wished the success of the Southern people in their efforts to divide the country. We desired only that they might succeed in exacting guarantees for their constitutional rights from a hostile, fanatical party that dominated a section. We were not without a hope that the war might tire down both sections, without conquering or humiliating either, and so bring them to an understanding and arrangement that would guarantee the rights of all in the Union. This was the extent of our 'offending.' It was, too, the extent of the desire for Southern success of ninety-nine out of every hundred Democrats of our acquaintance."
    That would be clear enough, if we were told what rights had ever been withheld from the Southern people. The point to the whole of that Democracy, and we are assured that such is the Democracy of "ninety-nine out of the hundred," is this, that if the Democrats are outvoted they have the right to rebel. Pat goes over to President Johnson as follows, having changed his views while absent in California:
    "We are glad to see that President Johnson is making an effort to destroy the power of the radicals. In our new sphere of action we intend to aid them, to the extent of our ability, in that direction. It would be wise for the Democracy in Oregon, and elsewhere, to do the same."
Oregon Statesman, Salem, November 20, 1865, page 2

    HOME AGAIN.--Mr. Alex. Miller and Col. Maury got home on Sunday last from the plains. Mr. Miller informs us that they got three more of the lost mules after he wrote Mr. McManus. The Indians displayed great skill in stealing when they took the train, showing conclusively that they have been well instructed. They took first the bell mare, knowing the rest would follow. After going about three miles the hobbles were cut, and then they traveled very fast. As soon as a detachment of soldiers could be prepared and mounted, which was about four hours after the mules were taken, they started on the trail to overhaul the bold robbers, while another detachment went in another direction to cut them off. the "poor Indians" were pressed so close that they let thirty-odd out of the band. They got away with the balance, 24 animals, of which number three were afterwards recovered.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 2, 1865, page 2

    The Jacksonville Sentinel regrets the retirement of Mr. Malone from his editorial labors on the Reporter. If he had only remained until the June election, the Sentinel thinks he would have written the Democratic Party into a minority in Jackson County.
Daily Mountaineer, The Dalles, December 5, 1865, page 3

    THE ROADS.--The roads are very heavy between this place and Jacksonville, and the stage drivers are having a rough time of it, being compelled to remain on the box about 21 hours out of the 24. We think that 60 miles is too long a drive for one man, and the agent should have a "swing driver" put on this long and difficult route. We urge this for the better comfort of the drivers.

The Semi-Weekly Union,
Yreka, California, December 9, 1865, page 3

    VOTE OF FORT KLAMATH.--The boundary between this and Grant County should be changed so as to include Fort Klamath in Jackson County. Hon. Jacob Wagner, our Senator, passed through town on Tuesday last, on his way to Salem. He informed us that he would introduce a bill to change the boundary between Grant and Jackson counties so as to include in Jackson the waters of Klamath River, Lost River and all their tributaries, branches and lakes.
    This bill ought to pass because there are nearly one hundred Union voters at Fort Klamath who have been quasi deprived of the right of suffrage at our two last elections. It is at least two hundred and fifty miles from this post to Canyon City, the county seat of Grant County, while it is only about ninety from Jacksonville to Fort Klamath. A large portion of the soldiers at the Fort are volunteers from this county, and cannot vote for county officers in any other.
    Give us the vote of Fort Klamath, and we will clean out the Copperhead Anti-Johnson Democracy of this county at the next June election by a handsome majority.--Sentinel.
    We hope to be able to report the passage of the proposed bill before this paper goes to press. At the last election there were sixty or seventy votes at Fort Klamath, who belonged in Jackson County, and who would have been in Jackson County and voted there but for the interference of certain gentleman [sic], and would have voted the Union ticket and saved Jackson County to the Union cause. But another and entirely sufficient reason for making the proposed change is the fact that, as present situated, the people at Fort Klamath are deprived of the benefits of civil law, being too far removed, and separated from the balance of county Wasco by an Indian country, virtually preventing the transaction of civil business with the county seat. Fort Klamath properly belongs to Jackson, and all its business connections and relations are with Jacksonville.

Oregon Statesman, Salem, December 11, 1865, page 3

    DESTRUCTIVE FIRE.--On Saturday night last, the barn of N. C. Dean, near Willow Springs, was consumed by fire, burning all hay and unthreshed oats, and four of his best horses. There is little doubt but that the fire was the work of an incendiary. Mr. Dean, as soon as the fire was discovered, rushed to free his horses, and succeeded in getting them all loose from their stalls and three of them from the stable--his most valuable horse and three colts--but the other four were so frightened that they lay down and refused to get up. His loss amounts to about twenty-five hundred dollars.
    Samuel Goheen was arrested for the commission of the deed and required to give bail by Justice Hayden in the sum of 2,000 dollars to appear and answer to the crime at the February term of the Circuit Court, and in default of bail was committed to the county jail.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 16, 1865, page 2

    Near Jacksonville, Nov. 27th, Honicle Bellinger, aged 64 years, 7 months, and 19 days.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, December 18, 1865, page 3

    THE WOOLEN FACTORY.--The people of Southern Oregon will soon be accommodated with a factory for the manufacture of their wool into clothing. We hear it rumored in town, says the Jacksonville Reporter, that some of our capitalists are bestirring themselves in the matter of starting a woolen factory in this neighborhood, and for that purpose have been looking up an eligible site for the field of their operations. We understand that the neighborhood of Phoenix is likely to be the place selected. This is a move in the right direction, and if the gentlemen whose names are connected with the enterprise only exert themselves in the matter, it will not be long ere the busy hum of commerce will be familiar to the ears of the residents of Jackson County.

The Union,
Yreka, California, December 23, 1865, page 2

    The Jacksonville Reporter of the 16th has the following:
    "We hear it rumored in town that some of our capitalists are bestirring themselves in the manner of starting a woolen factory in this neighborhood, and for that purpose have been looking up an eligible site for the field of their operations. We understand that the neighborhood of Phoenix is likely to be the place selected. This is a move in the right direction, and if the gentlemen whose names are connected with the enterprise only exert themselves in the matter, it will not be long ere the busy hum of commerce will be familiar to the ears of the residents of Jackson County.
    "The quantity of rain and snow that has fallen in the past four weeks has resulted in unusual activity among this important and industrious branch of the community. On Jackson Creek, Willow Springs and the various mining localities in this and Josephine counties, the miners are busily availing themselves of the early break of the season, and we may soon expect to see the town assume a livelier aspect than it has borne for some time past."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 23, 1865, page 2

    MAILS.--During the past week the stages have had great difficulty in making their regular trips. The roads in a terrible state. At twelve o'clock on Sunday night last, the stage from Yreka got mired down about four miles from town, and was compelled to stay there until next morning.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 30, 1865, page 1

Last revised May 30, 2023