The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Jeanne DeRoboam Holt
Madame Jeanne [Jane?] DeRoboam Langler Guilfoyle Holt.

    At Yreka, Siskiyou County, May 16th, CHAS. LANGLER to JANE DE ROBOAM.
Sacramento Daily Union, May 26, 1858, page 2

The little city had men of the largest caliber--Capt. John M. McCall, Judge Prim, Major Glenn, James Clugage, Morgan Davis [Maury & Davis?], J. S. Howard, ------ Pace, Herman Von Helms, W. G. T'Vault, ------ Kinney, Madame Jeanne de Roboam (said to have been a relative of Lafayette and a political refugee to New Orleans, thence to Jacksonville, and a popular hotel keeper), Dr. McCully, General Ross, B. F. Dowell, etc.
Reese P. Kendall, Pacific Trail Camp-Fires, 1901

    MADAM DeRoboam requests us to say that the McCully Hall has been thoroughly and substantially braced by pillars underneath, rendering the hall perfectly safe beyond a possibility of a doubt.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 24, 1864, page 3

JACKSONVILLE, May 9th, 1865.
    Capt. F. B. Sprague and Officers of Co. I, 1st Oregon Infantry.--Gentlemen: I propose presenting to your company a United States Banner, provided you will accept the present. Will you please notify me of the time and place it will be convenient to receive the same. Mr. N. Langell will do me the honor to deliver the presentation speech, if agreeable to you.
I am, sir, yours most respectfully,
F. B. Sprague, Capt.,
    and Officers, Co. I, 1st Ogn. Inf't.
CAMP BAKER, May 11th.
    Madame:--It will be very agreeable to the officers and men of Co. I, 1st Oregon Infantry, to accept the banner which you so kindly propose to give them, and it will be very agreeable to have N. Langell present the same. I would respectfully suggest Tuesday, May 23rd, 1865, as the time, and Jacksonville, Oregon, as the place where the presentation shall be made.
    I am, respectfully, your obedient servant.
F. B. SPRAGUE, Capt.
    Co. I, 1st Oregon Infantry
Mad. J. De Roboam,
    Jacksonville, Oregon.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 13, 1865, page 3

    We were wrongly informed concerning the flag presentation having taken place at Phoenix on Friday the 19th. It took place here on Wednesday last. Captain Sprague marched his company through town and put them through a variety of maneuvers before a large and admiring crowd of ladies and gentlemen, which showed a degree of training that reflects credit upon the officers commanding the company. The speeches by Mr. Langell and Captain Sprague were short but timely, and were listened to with marked attention by those present. The flag was a nice one, worthy of so fine a company, and the boys gave it and its donor--Madame De Roboam--three cheers.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 27, 1865, page 2

    Monday night brought me, the "solitary horseman" of all the gallant company that left Eugene City a month ago, to Jacksonville, there to sleep once more in a bed! with the trellised vines of Madame Jeanne DeRoboam peering in through the windows; wondering when we shall again have such a trip and such a party as those who joined in the wild journey to and from the "Snake Treaty" in Oregon.
"Treaty with the Snake Indians," Sacramento Daily Union, September 2, 1865, page 1

Declaration of Jeanne Guilfoyle to hold separate property
    Know all men by these presents, that I Jeanne Guilfoyle, a married woman, the wife of John Guilfoyle of the County of Jackson and State of Oregon, do hereby make known and declare my intention to hold in my own right, separate and apart from my said husband and by his consent and for my separate use and benefit, the following described real and personal property, and being in the Town of Jacksonville County of Jackson and State of Oregon, more particularly described as follows, to wit: All that tract or parcel of land situate at the S.E. corner of Oregon and Main Street in said Town, being parts of Lots Nos. one and two in Block No. 27 of the recorded plat of said Town, fronting 30 feet on Oregon Street aforesaid and running back the same width 76 feet on Main Street aforesaid;  Also a lot (a lot) or piece of ground beginning 76 feet from the North West corner of block No. 27 on Main Street, running thence South easterly with Main Street 72 feet and running back the same width from said Main Street 150 feet, being parts of lots Nos. 2 & 3 in Block No. 27, together with all the rights and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining. The above described property is the same as that now occupied by the "Franco American Restaurant" Hotel; also the furniture in said Hotel, to wit: All the Tables, table cloths, Towels, Wash basins, bowls, and wash stands; All the beds, bedclothes, blankets and bedsteads; All the Dishes, Cooking and Parlor stoves, with their furniture; All the Bureaus and Mirrors; all the carpets, all the chairs, all the tumblers, glasses, bottles, decanters and Liquors, all the wood and in fact every article of property used in said Hotel and which was owned by me previous to my intermarriage with John Guilfoyle my said husband.
    I do hereby declare it as my intention to hold and enjoy all the above described property, real and personal as my own separate property as aforesaid, under the provisions of the Act of the Legislature of the State of Oregon approved June 4th 1859.
    In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, this 19th day of October 1865.
In presence of         )
O. Jacobs                 )                                                        Jeanne Gilfoyle [sic] (seal)
D. M. C. Gault         )               Revenue stamps canceled 50 cents
State of Oregon County of Jackson, s.s.
    Personally appeared before me, the undersigned a Notary Public of the State of Oregon, in and for the County of Jackson, Mrs. Jeanne Guilfoyle, known to me to be the identical person described in and who executed the foregoing Instrument of writing or declaration of intention to hold separate property and acknowledged that she executed the same for the purposes therein mentioned and intended and without any fear or compulsion from any one, she was examined by me separate and apart from her said husband.
                   In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my
                   hand and affixed my Notarial Seal at Jacksonville,
L.S.            this 19th day of October A.D. 1865.
D. M. C. Gault
    Notary Public
Filed for record Oct. 19th 1865, at 22 Min. before 10 O'Clk A.M.
Recorded Oct. 31 1865, Wm. Hoffman Co. Clk. & Recorder
Register of Married Women's Separate Property, Jackson County, Oregon

    NEW YEAR'S BALL.--Madame Guilfoyle advertises in this week's issue that she will give a New Year's ball on the evening of the 31st of December. The Madam is giving her house a thorough repairing, and is enlarging the rooms. She will use her present room as a dancing hall. For a dining room, she has enlarged her parlor and refitted it in magnificent style. The Madam invites all her patrons to take breakfast with her on the morning of the 1st of January. This is a new feature, but we are satisfied that a pleasant time will be had on that occasion. Everybody should make up his or her mind to go to this--"the party of the season."
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 30, 1867, page 2

    CREDITABLE.--Private C. E. Tillett, of Co. I, carried the beautiful silk flag, presented by Madam De Roboam to the company in 1865, all the way from Fort Klamath, on horseback, to take part in the celebration. It surmounted the car, and reminded many of our citizens of the interesting occasion of its presentation. Three cheers for Charley!
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 6, 1867, page 2

    CAN'T BE SURPASSED.--Madame Guilfoyle still keeps the Franco American Restaurant on the corner of Main and Oregon sts.; she has a fine article of wine made from the grape, grown on the soil of France, her native country, and her dinners as regards the variety of viands are not surpassed in Oregon. She is intelligent, entertaining and accommodating, and deserves patronage.
Democratic News, Jacksonville, May 1, 1869, page 3

    CITY STYLE.--Madame Guilfoyle announces that hereafter her house will be kept open at all hours, day and night, and that square meals, lunches, oyster soups, etc., can be had there at all hours.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 25, 1869, page 3

    THE Franco-American Restaurant kept by Madame Guilfoyle treats the local and wayfaring to as good accommodations as the most fastidious could wish. The Madame's kind and assiduous attention to her guests tenders them the invitation to call as they pass and repass, as she is ready at all hours to do so again.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 7, 1871, page 3

    SOMETHING NEW.--Madame Guilfoyle has procured the use of Veit Schutz' hall from the proprietor, and henceforth will give balls and entertainments in connection with her restaurant, in as good style and on as reasonable terms as the public can ask. She will likewise furnish the hall to lectures, shows, etc., on the most reasonable terms.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 25, 1871, page 3

    STAGE OFFICE.--The stage office has been changed from the post office to the U.S. Hotel. Mr. Louis Horne has been appointed stage agent, and will attend to the business.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, November 4, 1871, page 3

    During my final journey from Oregon to California, in October and November of 1875, I was in Jacksonville again. The roads were dreadful; a rain worthy of the Flood imprisoned me for two days. The hotel had burned down, so I lodged with a French woman who spoke broken English and looked more like an Irish washerwoman than a midwife. To stimulate appetites, her dainty little daughter played heart-rending fantasies on an out-of-tune piano while almost unpalatable meals were served. Unique music for the table, it always had an admiring audience.

Frederic Trautmann, translator, Oregon East, Oregon West: Travels and Memoirs of Theodor Kirchhoff 1863-1872


Opposite Odd Fellows' Hall,
P r o p r i e t r e s s.
TRAVELERS AND RESIDENT BOARDERS will find the most comfortable lodgings at this house to be met with anywhere in this part of the state.
The Beds and Bedding
will always be found of first-class character and kept in a neat and clean condition, while
The Rooms
are newly furnished and will always be kept in neat and homelike condition. A plentiful supply of the best of everything the market afford will be
Spread on Her Table.
Her house will be kept open all night, and 'SQUARE MEALS" can be obtained at any hour of the day or night.
and lunches to be had at any time. Stage passengers and others who may be out late at night can always find a good fire, hot meals and good beds at this house.
    No trouble will be spared to deserve the patronage of the traveling as well as the permanent community.
Jan. 3, 1874                                                                                   Give me a call.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 19, 1876, page 2


Opposite Odd Fellows' Hall.
MADAME HOLT    -    -    Proprietress.
THE MADAME TAKES THIS METHOD of tendering her thanks to the public for the patronage which has hitherto been extended to her, and would respectfully solicit its continuance.
    Her tables are always under immediate control; and by her long experience in the business she feels confident that she will give entire satisfaction to all. Her beds and rooms are fitted up in the most comfortable style, suited to the accommodation of single occupants or families. Her beds are always kept clean. MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 17, 1876, page 4

    HOLT'S BRICK--The second story of this fine building is beginning to loom up, and we are informed by Mr. Holt that he expects to have it roofed in during August. The capacity of this hotel we think will be ample. It will contain twenty-two sleeping apartments besides office, ladies' parlor, dining room and store rooms. The partitions on the lower floor are all brick, and the building when finished will contain not less than three hundred thousand. The spacious dining room on the lower floor is eighteen by sixty feet, and each bedroom is provided with a fireplace. The large hall on the second story is thirty-five by seventy-five, and intended for parties, concerts or public exhibitions, we believe is the largest between here and Salem, and will have room to seat five hundred people. Madame Holt is entitled to credit for projecting a building that will be the finest in Jacksonville, and we hope nothing will occur to retard its progress.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 9, 1879, page 3

    Every city has its dignitaries, and prominent among those of Jacksonville is Madame Jane Holt, who keeps a famous and well-regulated hotel, and who is granddaughter to the French Duke de la Roboam, whose family was one of the most powerful in France during the palmy days of the Bourbon dynasty.
Abigail Scott Duniway, "Editorial Correspondence," The New Northwest, Portland, July 10, 1879, page 2

    G. W. Holt has engaged the services of Mr. Scott of Ashland, an excellent bricklayer, who, in conjunction with himself, will hurry the new U.S. Hotel toward completion.

"Brief Reference,"
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 11, 1879, page 3

    Holt's new brick hotel will soon be ready to receive the roof. The massive walls are nearly completed.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 23, 1879, page 3

    Geo. W. Holt is making preparations to burn another large kiln of brick.
"Brief Reference,"
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 1, 1879, page 3

    The genial countenances of the wealth, beauty and enterprise of Roseburg were perceptible in our city on last Friday evening, numbering some fourteen in number. They were called to these parts on business connected with the Grand Applegate Mining Company. Their better halves, accompanied by their daughters, I presume came along for scenery seeing and recreation. No doubt that they will enjoy the trip, as that portion of the country where they are going is grand, beautiful and magnificent; and as the Siskiyou with its rugged heights, deep chasms, surrounding mountains and its refreshing waters is unsurpassed in Southern Oregon. On the evening of their arrival ex-Governor Chadwick escorted them to the garden of Peter Britt, and after staying there long enough to observe its beauties, they then took a walk through the beautified parts of the city, and as darkness was coming on they returned to the hotel, and within an hour or so afterwards a supper was tendered by the proprietress of the Franco-American, after which they repaired to the parlor and a joyous time was had. At the solemn hour of night, when everything was calm and still, the brass band serenaded them, and with closing ceremonies from Madam Holt, Sol Abraham made his appearance and the musical midnighters were made happy. Next morning, bright and early, they made their exit for the mines, to be gone four or five days. When they return I will give you a brief and concise narration.
"From Jacksonville," Douglas Independent, Roseburg, August 23, 1879, page 4

    The brick work for Holt's new hotel building was finished last week, with the exception of the fire walls. Operations will now be suspended until another kiln of brick can be burned. We learn that Mr. Holt now has an idea of building another story on top of this--making it a three-story building in front and two in the rear.

"Sorts," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 27, 1879, page 3

    G. W. Holt is making another kiln of bricks with which to finish his building. Operations have been temporarily suspended on the structure until the bricks are completed.
"Brief Reference," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 29, 1879, page 3

    Mr. David Linn has commenced the work of covering G. W. Holt's new hotel. The contract will be completed in about two weeks.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 3, 1879, page 3

    G. W. Holt has just burned a brick kiln containing 100,000 bricks. This will be enough to complete his new hotel, and he will have some to spare.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 17, 1879, page 3

    The bricks used in the building of the hotel were made by George Holt from clay taken from Jackson Creek, north of Jacksonville.
Toni Tweedy, "The United States Hotel," English Composition, February 25, 1960. SOHS "Bricks" vertical file.

    Madame Holt made the hearts of ye hungry printers happy Tuesday with some excellent refreshments, for which we extend thanks.
"Personal Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 9, 1880, page 3

    A bake oven has just been completed in [the] rear of Holt's new hotel building to be used in connection with Mr. Kreutzer's proposed bakery, to be started up shortly in the east end of Holt's new brick block.

"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 18, 1880, page 3

    Madame Holt has furnished several rooms in her new hotel building for the reception of President Hayes and party when they pass through Jacksonville.

"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 25, 1880, page 3

    The most aristocratic hotel on this coast is Madame Holt's, at Jacksonville, the charges to the Presidential party being only about $15 a day to each person. The highest price at the Palace in San Francisco, for the bridal chambers of the greatest magnificence, is only $6 per day. The high-toned cods who boast of paying high prices will certainly all go to Jacksonville to board, in preference to stopping at such cheap houses as the Palace in San Francisco.
Chico Semi-Weekly Enterprise, Chico, California, October 8, 1880, page 2

    On the adjoining block as we walk eastwardly, we see our new grand hotel and hall, owned by Geo. and Jane Holt, and we hear will be occupied by the Madame in person when we believe all the delicacies of the season will be dispensed to her guests in the latest style and at fair prices. In noticing the hotel and hall, it would hardly be right to pass it by without giving a short sketch of the manner in which it was built, Geo. Holt, owner and builder, starting from the bedrock as we call it. Quarrying the stone for the foundation, making the brick, burning the lime, cutting the stone for sills, doors, windows, etc., and then laying each of these in their proper places, finally plastering the building throughout. We think, from information furnished, the hotel when completed will cost $12,000, and we believe the equal of Mr. Holt for industry and perseverance is not in the state of Oregon. Were we blessed with more like him we would have a different town and valley.
"Jacksonville Improvements for One Year," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 24, 1880, page 1

Madame Holt and the President.
    Madame Holt, having conceived the idea that the travel of the O. & C. Stage Co. was diverted from her hotel on account of an overexorbitant charge for entertaining the Presidential party, induced Capt. Sprague, formerly of Jacksonville, to write to the President in her behalf. The following reply was received by Mr. Sprague, now Judge of Delaware County, O., and indicates the kind and charitable feelings of the President:
    WASHINGTON, Dec. 30, 1880.
My dear Colonel:
    I received Mrs. Holt's letter. Nothing to injure her was ever done by me or any of the party. We enjoyed our trip very much, and retain no unpleasant recollections of Jacksonville. I trust the patriotic old lady will regain what she has lost.
    R. B. HAYES.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 15, 1881, page 3

    Madame Holt has her new brick hotel all furnished in fine style, and her table is supplied with everything the market affords. Look out for her new ad. next week and patronize the U.S. Hotel when you want first-class accommodations.

"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 26, 1881, page 3

    G. W. Holt is building a large brick addition to the U.S. Hotel.

    The Champions of Honor of this place will give a sheet and pillow case party in Holt's Hall on the 21st inst. First-class music will be furnished. Tickets for gentlemen $1.00, ladies 50 cts. An excellent supper will be provided by Madame Holt, and those wishing to partake of the same can do so for the sum of $1 per couple. Everybody invited to attend.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 15, 1881, page 3

    The sheet and pillow case party given by the Champions at Holt's hall last week was largely attended by both maskers and spectators. After unmasking the party sat down to an excellent supper prepared by Madame Holt.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 29, 1881, page 3

    Madam Holt, of Jacksonville, Or., mourns the loss of a canary bird that had reached the age of 17 years and died of old age.
"Coast and State," Sacramento Daily Union, December 13, 1881, page 4

    Not long ago, a timid lady from the East, on her way to join her husband, a government engineer officer, on getting out of a stagecoach, at the door of a hotel, in Southern Oregon, was met by the stout French woman [Jeanne DeRoboam Holt] who managed the establishment, with this greeting: "Are you a decent woman, madam? If you are, you can come in; if not, you can't stop at my house."
"Features of the New North-West," by E. V. Smalley, Century Illustrated, February 1883, page 529

    Madame Holt's condition is reported quite low, with very slim chances of recovery.

"Local Items,"
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 12, 1884, page 3

    Madame Holt is up and around again.

"Local Items,"
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 2, 1884, page 3

    NEW ARRANGEMENT.--Madam Holt will hereafter run a free coach from Medford to the U.S. Hotel. Arrangements will be perfected in a few days by which a daily coach will be put on from the hotel to Medford thus enabling her guests and others to go to and from the two points without the trouble and annoyance of looking up a private conveyance.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 8, 1884, page 3

    Madame Jane Holt, proprietor of the U.S. Hotel, died here last Sunday night after several months' slowly failing health. Madame Holt was a Southern Oregon pioneer and had been engaged in the hotel business ever since she resided here, having formerly kept the Franco American, and was well known all over the coast. She was a native of France, proud of the land of her birth, and never lost the impress of her nationality. She was of generous disposition, and many live to tell of her charities. Her hospitality was an inseparable part of her very self, and in her endeavor to entertain she could not be excelled. Her funeral took place from the Catholic church, Rev. Father Blanchet officiating. Many friends followed to the grave the remains of one whose faults all leaned to virtue's side, and so we leave her resting from the toils of the day on the verdant hillside with spring in all its loveliness mantling her last resting place in its choicest robes of beauty. The blue expanse of heaven canopied over her and the all-merciful and loving hand of omnipotence to judge the merits of the great heart forever stilled. May the often sorely tried spirit rest in peace as the years roll on to the endless and beautiful shores of eternity.
"Obituaries," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 19, 1884, page 3

    Mrs. Jane Holt, who for some years has kept the leading hotel in Jacksonville, died at her house, the United States Hotel, last Sunday night, aged 68 years, 5 months and 21 days. For many months past she has been in feeble health, and her friends have feared the worst for a long time; but her indomitable spirit kept her up, and she conducted the business of the hotel till the day of her death. Madame Holt, as everybody called her, was a native of Bordeaux, France, and she possessed a full measure of the vivacity of the sunny clime from which she sprung, and she never forgot to sing the praises or la belle France. Her public career as mistress of a hotel for so many years brought her in contact with a great many people, and so striking was her manner that everyone who has sojourned at her house, even for a day, must remember her; so that she was perhaps the best known woman in Oregon. She may have had her faults, but lack of generosity was not among them, and many a hungry wayfarer who has partaken of her bounty still live to remember her hospitality. Her funeral services took place at the Catholic church on Monday afternoon and was conducted by Rev. Father Blanchet, who had known the Madame for many years. His remarks were kindly and appropriate, and many who listened to them were deeply moved. The remains were followed to the beautiful cemetery on the hill by a large concourse, and the grave closed over the remains of a more than ordinary woman.
Sunday Oregonian, April 20, 1884, page 1

Hotel For Sale.
    Owing to the death of my wife Madame Jane Holt, who has had full control of the U.S. Hotel in Jacksonville since it was first opened, and desiring to change my business, I offer for sale the building together with all the furniture and appurtenances thereunto belonging. The building is a new three-story fireproof brick, well furnished and is the leading hotel of the town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 26, 1884, page 3

    SETTLE UP.--All knowing themselves indebted to the estate of the late Madame Holt are requested to settle at once, and those having claims against the same will present them at the office of the U.S. Hotel.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 31, 1884, page 3

    NEW PROPRIETOR.--The U.S. Hotel in Jacksonville changed hands this week, Geo. W. Holt selling all his right, title and interest in the same to Jean and Emil DeRoboam, who took charge this week. Several improvements have already been made and numerous more are promised and the proprietors say it will hereafter be run in first-class style. There is plenty chance for improvement, and we hope to see the promises of the new owners fully carried out and wish them the best success possible.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 14, 1884, page 3

    The U.S. Hotel, under management of DeRoboam & Son, is proving a popular rendezvous with the traveling public. The house is being thoroughly cleansed and renovated, and the table will now compare with that set at any hotel in Southern Oregon. Read the advertisement and when in town judge for yourselves.

"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 27, 1884, page 3

    We neglected noticing the receipt of a fine cake from Messrs. DeRoboam & Son last week. The supper furnished by these parties at the 4th of July ball was one of the finest ever spread in town both in quantity and quality.
"Local Items,"
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 19, 1884, page 3

    J. DeRoboam got the contract for keeping the county poor on his farm near Jacksonville at $4.50 per capita a week. The other bids were: Wm. Moore, $3.70 per capita; Dr. Kremer $2,498 a year.
"Commissioners' Court,"
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 13, 1884, page 3

    Emil DeRoboam will not go to California as reported, but has reopened the wagon shop in the rear of P. Donegan's place of business. He is an excellent wheelwright and, having a good stock of material, will no doubt give full satisfaction.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 17, 1884, page 3

Madame Holt.

    The old Franco-American Hotel at Jacksonville evaporated in smoke one day last week. It was a group of board shanties thrown together with winding labyrinthine passages connecting them, one with the other. Jim Clugage, the proprietor of the town site, had the first building erected on the corner in 1853, and it was used as a saloon and gambling house for several years. During those early times every house was a hotel in that mining camp, and most of them were devoted to the use of the gambling fraternity who comprised a majority of the population. As the necessities required, other small frame buildings were erected adjoining the original one until the entire block was covered. The history of that group of hovels would be a subject worthy of a hundred pages. More than a dozen lives have been lost in that immediate vicinity by violence, some with the bowie knife and others with the pistol shot. The old rookery passed through various hands and at last came into possession of a Frenchwoman known during the declining years of her life as Madame Holt. She had been married numerous times before the was wedded to a brick maker and layer named Holt. She marred him as a matter of convenience. He was an industrious Englishman, and the Madame had an ambition to build a brick hotel in another part of town. He could make bricks, lay them in a wall and chop the wood to burn them, hence he was qualified as an important factor in the Madame's hotel enterprise. During the years that she was landlady of the Franco-American it was the leading hotel in Jacksonville. The stages stopped there and she was known from Alaska to Washington City. She was a great lover of wine, and when a convivial companion called on her she would imbibe too freely and often become "under the influence" to an extent that would have been unpardonable in any other woman. But the Madame was a privileged character. She was good, and, like Jim Fisk, never went back on the poor. For many years, during the the last of her life, she would pile her dining room table with the residue of breakfast, dinner and supper and leave the door open. No man was so poor or needy but that he could walk in and help himself to a meal. The prince and the beggar were alike welcome. But Madame Holt, whose maiden name was Jane DeRoboam, was of noble birth. She was highly educated and knew how to entertain the most refined. She was especially proud of men of distinction. She had one apartment which she called the Senator's room, and another which she called Col. Stone's room. Col. Stone was for many years superintendent of the O.&C. stage line, and made her house his headquarters when he was in Jacksonville. An amusing incident occurred at the Franco-American Hotel in 1878. Senator John H. Mitchell called there for dinner on his way back from this city to Washington. A friend from Ashland dined with him, and the Madame was profuse in her compliments and prodigal in her bill of fare. The Senator was as gallant as she was complimentary, and finally expressed a wish to posses the old lady's photograph. He had no sooner made the remark than she rushed off into the parlor and came back with her life-sized portrait enclosed in a black walnut frame, weighing about ten pounds. The Senator took it in his hands, surveyed it and pronounced it a perfect likeness of the Madame, although it been taken years before and no more resembled his ancient hostess than a church spire looks like a haystack. "Now," said she, "Senator, I present this to you, and I want you to take it to Washington and hang it in your room at the Ebbitt House." In vain he tried to induce her to keep it until he returned, when he promised to call for it and bring it to his home in Portland. She decided otherwise and her Chinese servant wrapped it up in about a dozen newspapers ready for him to take with him on the stage, which soon drew up at the door. He and his Ashland friend mounted the box with the driver, the Senator carrying the Madame's present, which looked like a barn door off its hinges. To take it safely to the end of the stage line at Redding was an impossibility. It would have required the services of a furniture wagon and a couple of able-bodied men. To relieve himself of the responsibility Mitchell entrusted that portrait to a friend in Ashland, who still has it in his possession. Of course the Madame always understood that it was taken to Washington to be looked upon by the President, cabinet officers and dignitaries. It was necessary, as a matter of self-preservation, to deceive the Madame. Her kindness was more than an ordinary mortal could endure. But she was a noble-hearted woman, and she will live in the memory of many grateful wanderers to whose needs she ministered when misfortune and want pursued them.--[Sunday Mercury.
Oregon Sentinel, October 2, 1886, page 1  Subsequently reprinted by the Democratic Times on October 8.

    Landlord DeRoboam is having the U.S. Hotel at Jacksonville painted, which greatly improves its outward appearance.
"Medford Items," Valley Record, Ashland, March 21, 1895, page 3

    John Compton has disposed of his interest in the Union Livery Stables to Emil DeRoboam of Jacksonville and Ned Orser, and has returned to his farm at Lake Creek.
"Medford Squibs," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 5, 1899, page 2

    Our farmers are getting their threshing done this week. The Compton and DeRoboam machines are both in this vicinity.
"Brownsboro Items," Medford Mail, September 22, 1899, page 5

    As will be seen by [the] dissolution notice published elsewhere in this paper, the firm of DeRoboam & Orser, liverymen, has been dissolved, Mr. Emil DeRoboam, of Jacksonville, the senior member, having taken charge of the business, which will be continued by him. Mr. DeRoboam is a square, honorable gentleman, and all affairs of the stables will be conducted upon these lines so long as he has anything to do with them. Mr. Orser, we understand, will go to Idaho and engage in business there.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, April 13, 1900, page 7

    Emil DeRoboam, proprietor of the Union Livery Stables, is fitting out his livery stock in splendid shape. He is making many repairs on old rigs and adding several new ones, also putting in new driving horses. Mr. DeRoboam is a man of business--a fact which is noticeable everywhere about the stables.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, May 25, 1900, page 7

    E. B. Jennings, of Table Rock, has purchased the Union Livery Stable from Emil DeRoboam.
"Additional Local Items," Medford Mail, July 20, 1900, page 2

Gold Hill News:
    Benjamin S. Owings, a farm hand employed on the DeRoboam ranch, near Woodville, committed suicide, Thursday morning, by hanging himself. Owings had for the past nine or ten years been an inmate of the insane asylum, at Salem, but was released about eighteen months ago. He had been employed at the DeRoboam place for the past two months, but during the time had never shown any signs of malady returning. Yesterday Mr. and Mrs. DeRoboam went to town and in the evening, upon their return, found Owings' body hanging to the rafters of the woodhouse, where he had hanged himself. He was 55 years old and had been a resident of this section of the country for a number of years prior to the time he was sent to the asylum.
"From County Exchanges," Medford Mail, October 18, 1907, page 2

    August D. Singler, sheriff of Jackson County, died at the Sacred Heart Hospital at 8:35 a.m. April 23 as the result of a desperate revolver duel with Lester Jones, a 19-year-old desperado, about dusk Tuesday evening on the old DeRoboam ranch near Jacksonville. 
"Sheriff Singler Shot," 
Del Norte Triplicate, Crescent City, May 2, 1913, page 1

    "And there was a French lady by the name of Dearborn
[locals also pronounced "DeRoboam" as "Deerbaum"], I think, who ran a hotel. Well, I cut every stone in that building alone," said Stonewall.
"Indian Pioneer Mason of Jacksonville," Medford Mail Tribune, October 2, 1929, page 3

    Pioneer residents of Jacksonville whose memories look back upon the time when the Southern Oregon town was the locale of an animated "gold rush," point with pride to the fact that a President of the United States and a famous general once visited the little community and spent the night there.
    The memorable event occurred September 27, 1880, when President Hayes and General William Tecumseh Sherman made a tour of the Northwest.
    Recently a scout party from the Gilmore Oil Company was dispatched to obtain data concerning interesting historical incidents in Oregon, with the result that William M. Colvig of Medford, a pioneer who arrived in Jackson County in 1852, was interviewed concerning the visit of the President.
    "There was a great deal of excitement when we learned that the President and General Sherman were going to be guests in Jacksonville for the night," the judge explained to members of the Gilmore party. "Probably the most perturbed was Madame DeRoboam, who ran the French hotel across from Beekman's bank. She owned the most pretentious hostelry in Southern Oregon at that time, so naturally it was decided that the presidential party should stay there.
    "The madame was much concerned as to just how lavishly she should entertain her noted guests. She talked with Beekman about it, and, following his advice, had the President's room-to-be kalsomined, bought a new Brussels carpet and a picture.
    "The presidential party arrived by stage on the evening of September 27. I remember both General Sherman and President Hayes were very tired and dusty from the long trip. As I recall it, I helped dust off the President's coat. The next morning the party left early and the madame presented to the President's secretary a bill for $100 for the night's lodging, upon which he replied: "We don't wish to buy your hotel, madame," and he gave her $25.
    "The madame was much dismayed by this turn of events, and she later wrote President Hayes about the matter in Washington, D.C. He replied that he knew nothing of the proceedings, and that he was sincerely regretful that any bill should be disputed during his northwestern trip."
    The venerable two-story brick hotel of Madame DeRoboam still stands on the "main street" of Jacksonville. It has been necessary to replace a few bricks in the slightly sagging walls, but withal it stands as a reminder of the visit of the nation's chief executive.
    A museum and library are located on the lower floor and the supper story is used for lodge, city council and other meetings.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 15, 1931, page 3

Last revised April 2, 2024