The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Brothers James and Frank.

James Clugage, at least, always signed his name without the extra "g." Frank may have been illiterate. Both brothers are buried under the spelling "Clugage." The name was often spelled correctly in legal documents, but almost universally spelled "Cluggage" in the newspapers--corrected here.

Friend Richard,
    I received this morning by stage $350.25 in coin and mailed the same to order of Cram Rogers & Co.
    In reply to your inquiry concerning my agency of Clugage's town property, when I came to Jacksonville in 1852 I had almost determined to build on the hill near the old butcher shop, but there was another claimant to that lot. At the time I was boarding with Clugage at his camp; he was very anxious that I should build on his claim and start the town there. I concluded to do so. He told me he would give me a lot there and I went and took it and laid off the two streets Oregon and California streets by posting a stake at the four corners, marking the corner of my lot. The beginning point laying off the two streets sixty feet wide and making lots 50 feet front and 100 feet deep, told Clugage what I had done. It met his approbation. I then advised him to give away every other lot in order to induce more comers to settle on his town lots. He told me he wanted me to act as his agent and do what I thought was best under this arrangement. When Evans & Donisa came to the place I gave them as the agent of Clugage the corner where the Table Rock Hotel was built, also induced Jones and Metcalfe to come down and build on the lot which Fowler has sold to you by telling them I would and did give them the same. They built a lot house and it and Clugage knew that I gave it to them but never made any objection. Jones and Metcalfe dissolved and the property was divided and Metcalfe kept the lot. He then sold it to Freeman and Freeman sold it to Fowler. There never was any writings between me and Clugage concerning the agency, but he knew my acts and acquiesced in them.
    This is all I can recollect about the matter only that several others hold their lots by the same title.
Respectfully yours
    D. M. Kenney
Undated, but written sometime before Cram, Rogers & Co.'s failure in 1856. Mss 1500, folder 3/84, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

     RICH DIGGINGS.--Mr. Flinn of Johnson's line of stages has received a letter from Mr. James Clugage on Rogue River, stating that he and his two partners owned a claim out of which they had taken on an average seventy ounces per day for ten weeks. This is certainly one of the richest claims we have heard of for a long time.--Shasta Courier
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, May 22, 1852, page 5

    Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Oregon that John F. Boyle, James Clugage and Wm. F. Riddle be and they are hereby appointed a board of commissioners to locate and establish a Territorial road from Winchester, in Douglas County, to Jacksonville, in the county of Jackson, on the nearest, best, and most direct route in accordance with the provisions of the general road law.
Oregon Statesman, Oregon City, March 19, 1853, page 4

    James Clugage came as far as Umpqua with Mr. [Ettlinger] for the purpose of getting the Klickitat Indians to go out and fight the others. It was not decided whether they would go or not.
"Indian War in Rogue River," Oregon Statesman, Salem, August 23, 1853, page 2

Jacksonville, April 2, 1858.
    The partnership heretofore existing between Clugage & Poole is this day dissolved by mutual consent. All those knowing themselves indebted to the late firm will settle the same with James Clugage. All those having demands against the late firm will present them to James Clugage for payment, he being responsible for the demands against the late firm.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 10, 1858, page 3

    James Clugage will next week start a triweekly stage line from this place to connect with the transportation train of Johnson, at Patrick's Ranch, 45 miles this side of Crescent City. Johnson has the mail contract for carrying the mail between this and Crescent City.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 18, 1858, page 4

    FROM CRESCENT CITY TO YREKA.--The stages are now running regularly through from this place to Yreka. From here to Sailor Diggings the route is run by McLellan & Co., and Mann, thence to Jacksonville by Clugage & Drum, and from Jacksonville to Yreka by the California Stage Company. Passengers can now be transported from Jacksonville to this place in thirty-six, and from Yreka in sixty hours, and this in daylight, giving them all night to sleep on the road. Quite an amount of freight is now being hauled from this place to Jacksonville and Rogue River Valley. The present price is four cents per pound. But when the road becomes more worn and smooth, and the proper kind of wagons and teams are placed on it, there is no doubt but that freight can be taken to Yreka for that price or even less, in which case it will unquestionably be [in] the interest of the merchants of that place to take their goods by this route.--Crescent City Herald.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, July 3, 1858, page 1

    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find in the Sentinel, of Oct. 9, the following:
    "Today the match race between 'Black Satin,' owned by James Clugage, and the 'Glass-Eyed Filly,' owned by James Lewis, came off over the Jacksonville Course, single dash of a mile, for $1,500 a side. At half-past four the drum was tapped. 'Black Satin' led off in fine style, and was the favorite till near the home stretch, when the 'Glass-Eyed Filly' passed him, and came to the home stand in 1:50, winning the race by thirty feet. A large amount of money and property changed hands--say not less than $10,000."
Sacramento Daily Union, October 20, 1858, page 1

    THE LATE MURDERS BY INDIANS IN THE NORTH.--A telegram from Yreka, dated 14th May, says:
    James Clugage has returned from the scene of recent Indian murders on the trail leading to Klamath Lake about sixty miles from Jacksonville. He reports that the party have found the bodies of four of the murdered men, and the jaw of the fifth; they were buried in a thicket and the graves covered over with brush. Mr. Teal is in Yreka in search of an Indian chief by name of LaLake, to act as guide in search of the offending parties; all the Indians in Jacksonville were arrested yesterday.
San Francisco Bulletin, May 16, 1859, page 1

Southern Oregon. 
    The Crescent City Herald gives the following items from Southern Oregon:
    A man named Wilson was arrested at Jacksonville on 2nd May, charged with incest with his child, a girl about fourteen. There was great prejudice, says the Jacksonville Sentinel, existing against the prosecuting witness, and at the close of the examination he would have suffered violence from the people but for the protection of the officers. Wilson was held over in the sum of $1,000, and the bond was signed by no less than fourteen men, among whom were some of the most substantial citizens of the place, such as John Anderson, James Clugage, Brunner and others.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, California, May 28, 1859, page 3

    LOSS OF OREGON MAIL.--We are informed by a dispatch from Yreka, dated June 7th, that the Oregon mail from Portland for Yreka was lost in Rogue River that day, together with two horses and two buggies, belonging to the contractors, Messrs. Clugage & Drum.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 8, 1860, page 2

    HORSES STOLEN.--Clugage & Drum have had six valuable horses stolen from a ranch on Butte Creek. They offer five hundred dollars reward for the return of the horses and the conviction of the thief. For further particulars see advertising columns.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, June 22, 1861, page 3

    HORSES FOR CALIFORNIA.--James Clugage, Esq., started for Sacramento from this place on Thursday last, with twenty-one fine American horses, among which were several beautiful carriage teams. Such horses always meet ready sale at good prices in California. The famous racer Black Satin was among the number.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 11, 1862, page 3

    TURK IS DEAD.--This faithful old dog, known to nearly every person in Southern Oregon by his many canine virtues, gave his last kick and uttered his last unavailing whine amid the frosty stillness of Friday night. He came to this valley in '51 in company with his master, who shortly afterwards perished in his cabin, with no watchers save his faithful dog. Before his remains could be prepared for interment, so determined was the resistance of his faithful "Turk" that the dog had to be lassoed and confined. Turk passed through all the Indian wars in Southern Oregon, and done excellent service as a sentinel. Many an arrow and many a bullet directed by the keen eye of savage furies has old Turk escaped. When Turk's various masters followed packing, he always stayed with the mules at night--herded them, prevented their straying off, and always gave timely alarm when danger approached. Many a thousand dollars' worth of property has his watchfulness saved. Admired by all for his many good qualities and for his valuable services, all were his friends. But he has gone to his long home, and no doubt has passed to dog heaven. Turk being dead, the Hon. James Clugage is now the oldest inhabitant of the town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 29, 1862, page 2

Will Stand This Season,
BLACK SATIN is a fine Young Horse, stands 10 Hand High, and weighs 1100 pounds. He was sired by OLD LUMIX, and dam by mare RED ROVER, brought from Kentucky by Dr. Chas. B. Brooks, of Luisville, Ky.
    Jacksonville, Oregon, Jan. 2nd, 1862.
Los Angeles Daily News, February 23, 1863, page 3

    DONATION PATENT.--We are informed by Mr. Clugage that he has received a patent for his donation claim. This claim covers the site of the town of Jacksonville, and its confirmation makes Mr. Clugage a happy and wealthy man. His patent is the first issued to any land claimant in this valley, and conclusively settles the important question, in the decision of which so many of our farmers are deeply interested, and that is that they will not lose their land simply because there may be a little of the oro on the bedrock.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 29, 1863, page 2

The Clugage Land Title.
    The government having finally confirmed the title of James Clugage to the land claimed by him, under the Donation Act, and issued a patent therefor, embracing nearly all the lots in the town of Jacksonville, this notice is made to all those residing on lots who have not yet obtained any title from Mr. Clugage that he will enforce his claim. Those desiring a good title, one which will save all lawsuits hereafter, may obtain the same, at such prices and upon such terms as may be agreed upon, by calling upon the undersigned. Tenants of all those who have no title are requested to make arrangements to pay the rent to Mr. Clugage. I have prepared a map of that part of town lying within the Clugage claim, showing the lots to which there are good titles, the persons to whom the titles were made, so that those desiring can examine the same for themselves.
Attorney for Clugage.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 16, 1863, page 2

    GONE TO THE STATES.--Mr. James Clugage, in company with his brother, Frank, started for the States a few days since. Mr. Clugage is the pioneer settler of Jacksonville, and his absence will be sadly felt by many friends. Last winter he became afflicted with neuralgia and ever since has been in feeble health, and his mind somewhat impaired. It is fervently hoped the trip will restore him to his former good health and spirits.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 28, 1863, page 2

    Messrs. Clugage & Drum have dissolved copartnership. Mr. Drum will settle the accounts of the firm, and continue the livery business in his own name.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 28, 1863, page 2

Dissolution of Copartnership.
    Public notice is hereby given that the copartnership heretofore existing between the undersigned in the livery business, under the firm name of Clugage & Drum, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. All persons indebted to said firm are requested to make payment to John S. Drum, who is authorized to settle the business, and all persons having claims against the firm should present them to him for liquidation.
Jacksonville, Nov. 28, 1863.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 5, 1863, page 4

    The Golden City arrived this morning, having left Panama June 25th, with 226 packages of mails, 4,948 do. merchandise, and 454 passengers. . . . The passengers are as follows:
    . . . F. Clugage and brother. . . .
"By Telegraph to the Union," Sacramento Daily Union, July 10, 1865, page

    RETURNED.--During the past week Messrs. James and Frank Clugage, and Mr. James Drum, returned to our town. The Messrs. Clugage have been absent about eighteen months in the Atlantic States. Mr. Drum has been to the northern mines. We give a hearty welcome to these gentlemen. Their faces make the town look as it did years gone by.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 29, 1865, page 2

POOL.--In Santa Cruz, Cal., James Pool, formerly of Jacksonville, aged 42 years.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 3

    Mr. F. Clugage, an enterprising stage man and mail contractor, has returned to this coast from the East. Mr. C. has an interest in the contract for carrying the U.S. Mails between Prescott and San Bernardino, and he and Mr. Ballard, his associate, are ever on the wing, attending to business. Mr. B. left here last week for California.
Weekly Arizona Miner, Prescott, Arizona, November 28, 1868, page 2

    Mr. James Clugage has agreed to furnish a clock for the interior of the Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Baxter has obligated himself to make a liberal contribution toward purchasing a communion service.
"Local and Miscellaneous," Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, March 23, 1870, page 3

    Mr. James Clugage, of Jacksonville, is to be superintendent of the stage line in Oregon.
"Oregon," Oregonian, Portland, November 26, 1870, page 2  This seems to have been a confusion of James for Frank.

    BATTLE MOUNTAIN, [Nevada,] Aug. 25.--One ton of very rich ore from the Cornucopia mines was brought to this place today and will be sent below to be crushed.
    Messrs. Clugage and Robertson, of the Austin stage line, made the trip from Cornucopia to this place in sixteen hours with a buggy and two horses. They intend putting on a line of stages immediately.
Bedrock Democrat, Baker City, September 3, 1873, page 4

    A petition was widely circulated last fall, asking for the establishment of a post office and a mail route from Battle Mountain to this place. The citizens of Battle Mountain subscribed some $1,800 towards building a road, which is now completed, and Clugage & Robinson intend putting a first-class line on the route as soon as travel will warrant in the spring.
"Letter from Cornucopia," Sacramento Daily Union, January 24, 1874, page 2

Travel and Stages.
    The stages are now running from Carson, Aurora and Benton to Independence, 250 miles in thirty-six hours. Tuller & Clugage have the contract to carry the mails from Aurora to Independence. They bought out the old line of stages and horses, and have no opposition. Gillet, who has the contract to carry the mail from Carson to Aurora, would buy none of the old line of stages, and brings the mail from Carson here with a two-horse stage in one day. Tuller & Clugage, who have the old line of stages and horses, are running opposition.
"Letter from Aurora, Nev.," Sacramento Daily Union, July 18, 1874, page 4

    J. J. Holmes has got his new toll road opened, and teams are passing over it. Clugage has bought Gillet out, and now has the whole line for passengers and mails between Carson and Independence, and passengers are taken through without stopping, except to change horses and the mail to be dropped at the offices.
"Letter from Aurora, Nev.," Sacramento Daily Union, August 25, 1874, page 4

    Tuller & Clugage have put on a line of stages between Jefferson Canyon and Barcelona City, Spanish Belt district.
"Spirit of the Press," Pioche Daily Record, Pioche, Nevada, July 22, 1876, page 2

    The Winnemucca Silver State learns that Tuller & Clugage are making arrangements for putting on a new stage line from Battle Mountain to Tuscarora. It is claimed that Battle Mountain is the nearest point on the railroad to that flourishing mining camp.
"Nevada Notions," Black Hills Pioneer, Deadwood, South Dakota, April 21, 1877, page 1

    Mr. Clugage this morning drove into town sixteen horses which he bought of Bob Rose of Long Valley. The animals will be used on the Bodie stage line.
"100 Years Ago--1878," Reno Evening Gazette, August 30, 1978, page 4

James Clugage.
    The subject of this sketch, in many respects entitled to mention as a pioneer, was born near Columbus, Ohio, about the year 1818, and consequently is now about 60 years of age. Early in life Mr. Clugage removed to Terra Haute, Ind., where he soon engaged in the stage business, and at one time was a driver in Missouri on the stage line of O. Hinton, the notorious western mail robber, being considered one of the pioneers of staging in the "Far West" of that early day. Clugage pushed across the plains for California in 1849, in which state he engaged in the business of packing to the mines, ultimately extending his operations to the Territory of Oregon. In the fall of 1851 Mr. Clugage was packing freight from Scottsburg to the rich mining camp of Yreka, and on his last trip, about the beginning of January, 1852, was camped near the present site of Central Point at one of the only two houses then built in the main Rogue River Valley. One night two mules were stolen by the Indians, who were followed towards the south, and in the pursuit gold was discovered in Rich Gulch and Jackson Creek where Jacksonville now stands--one of the party stopping to drink at a spring, the bottom of which seemed to be encrusted with the coveted metal. Mr. Clugage and two others at once engaged in mining, keeping their discovery secret, and making an average of one hundred ounces of gold per day for many weeks. Clugage located a donation claim of 160 acres where Jacksonville now stands, and after a stubborn and expensive litigation received a patent for it, being the first patent issued for land in Jackson County. When the patent issued a town nearly as large as it is at present had been built, but Mr. Clugage was very lenient with those who had taken lots on his land, in many instances giving a title for a nominal consideration. A long sufferer from neuralgia, his mind became affected prior to his departure from here in 1864, but he was always regarded as a man of warm and generous impulses, faithful to his friends but peculiarly vindictive [illegible line] patriotic, almost insane admirer of Lincoln, and his friends think that the wild and bitter political excitement of that period had much to do with his mental decay. He is still the owner of considerable property in Jacksonville, and is now living in good bodily health at Marysville, Ohio.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 5, 1879, page 2

    Frank Clugage, the Carson stage man, is sojourning for the nonce by the river.
"Personal," Reno Evening Gazette, May 12, 1879, page 3

    PERSONAL.--Frank Clugage, a former resident of this place, passed through town Tuesday, en route for The Dalles. On his return he will tarry a few days with us and probably make arrangements for the sale of the property still belonging to his brother, Jas. Clugage, the original owner of the town site of Jacksonville. Mr. Clugage is the proprietor of a number of stage lines running in Nevada and California and is prospering. An idea of his extensive operations may be formed from the single fact that he keeps 600 head of horses constantly employed in hauling his vehicles, and his visit to Oregon is with the view of extending his business further.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 3, 1879, page 3

    Mr. Francis Clugage, of California, is here visiting friends. He will probably make this his home in the future.

"Ostrander Items," Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, February 11, 1880, page 2

    Frank Clugage, formerly a resident of Jacksonville, but now located in Nevada, where he is largely interested in stage lines, was in town this week. Time seems to have weighed lightly on him, for he is as jovial as ever.

"Personal Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 8, 1880, page 3

    Mrs. Saucerman, accompanied by her brother, Mr. James Clugage, the "Oregon gold finder," departed Monday for Green Bend Springs, Union County, Ohio.
"Local Items," The Sullivan Union, Sullivan, Indiana, July 13, 1881, page 3

    WANTED IT BAD.--Information has been received here that Clugage, Pease & Co. have received the contract for carrying the mails from Ashland to Linkville for the sum of $3,000 per annum. Other parties who figured on this route say that it will take all of the contract price to pay for the oats used on the route during each year. The same company has also secured the mail routes from Rock Point to Foots Creek and the one from Sams Valley to the Deskins sawmill. The last-mentioned route has been sublet to Joseph Dowden of Rogue River for $300 a year.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 17, 1882, page 3

    The fine, elegant Clugage monument, which has been in course of preparation at the establishment of S. M. Cartmell & Co. in this city, was placed in position in Oakdale Cemetery last week, at a cost of $1,200. It is of the finest Italian marble, 23 feet high, and one of the finest ever erected in the county.

"Home Department," Union County Journal, Marysville, Ohio, August 3, 1882, page 3

    Mr. Frank Clugage is visiting his sister, Mrs. Jerry Miller, and his brother, James Clugage.
"Dover Items," Union County Journal, Marysville, Ohio, November 16, 1882, page 3

To Change Base.
    Chadron Journal: Mr. Clugage, proprietor of the Sidney and Black Hills stage line, and Mr. McCoy, of the Red Cloud stage station, visited Chadron last Friday and Saturday, and we are indebted to them for a pleasant call. Mr. Clugage is, besides the stage line above referred to, proprietor of two or more other important routes, including one to Fort Harney, and one to the Union Pacific Railway, being also, we understand, superintendent of other stage lines, located as far apart as Oregon and Kansas. His object in coming here was to look up a road to connect this point with the Black Hills trail. With the advent of the railroad early next season, it is certain that not only the freight business, but all the mail and passenger business, to and from the Hills country, will come here. Should the branch line of the railway not be immediately built, or, while it is building, a stage and freight route will be operated. It is thought that the present Sidney road is not over twelve miles west of us, and that a good thoroughfare for a connecting link can be found.
Black Hills Daily Times, Deadwood, South Dakota, January 7, 1885, page 2

    We hear that Perkins & Clugage have received the mail contract for the next four years from July 1st, between Delta and Ashland. They have a number of mail contracts in Nevada, and Clugage was interested in this route several years ago--Journal.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 20, 1886, page 3

    James Clugage died at his home last Friday at the age of 67 years. He had been on the decline for some time. Funeral services were held at the house Sunday by Rev. March of Marysville; his remains were taken to Marysville and placed in the vault.
"Ostrander," Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, May 12, 1886, page 3

Death of James Clugage.
    James Clugage died at his home in Scioto Township, Delaware County, Friday, May 7th, aged 67 years, 7 months and 5 days. The funeral services were held at his residence Sunday, 11 o'clock a.m., Rev. Dr. March officiating.
    The deceased was raised in Union County. After arriving at manhood he went to Columbus, and entered into the employ of Neil, Moore & Co., as agent to purchase horses for their extensive line of coaches. He was considered one of the shrewdest horse buyers of that day, and gave good satisfaction to the company. After the railroads took the place of the stage lines, Mr. Clugage went West and became connected with coach lines in the Territories. He remained there in business until by hardships, overtoil and the rigors of winter his mind became somewhat impaired, when eh returned to Marysville and resided here for many years. A few years ago he purchased a farm on the edge of Delaware County, where he made his home in the family of his sister, Mrs. Miller. The body was vaulted at Oakdale Sunday afternoon.
Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, May 12, 1886, page 7

    Mr. James Clugage, until lately a well-known citizen of Marysville, died in Delaware County on Friday evening, aged sixty-seven years. Deceased was a stage driver in the Rocky Mountains before the war, and afterwards became a successful miner in Oregon. He was the first white man in the borders of what is now Jackson County of that state [not true], and Jackson[ville], the flourishing county seat, was laid out and named by him. He left considerable property, the proceeds of his discovery of a gold mine, and his preemption of 320 acres of land in the neighborhood. Judge F. B. Sprague, of this place, was with him at the time, and retains many of their experiences together.
"Marysville," Richwood Gazette, Richwood, Ohio, May 13, 1886, page 2

    Uncle Jimmy Clugage, as he was familiarly called, died at his residence, 2 miles west of here, Friday evening, the 7th inst., at an advanced age.
    Mr. Frank Clugage, of California, Mr. Russell Clugage and sister, of Indiana, were called here last week by the death of their brother, the late James Clugage.
"Ostrander," Union County Journal, Marysville, Ohio, May 20, 1886, page 2

    James Clugage, one of the first settlers in Jacksonville, died at Marysville, Ohio, on the 8th of this month.
"Local Items," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 22, 1886, page 3

Town Property for Sale!
    The heirs of James Clugage, deceased, offer for sale their property situation within the corporation of Jacksonville, having left the disposal of the same in the hands of the undersigned.
    All parties in possession of any of the property owned by James Clugage at the time of his death are notified to call at once and make arrangements for payment of rents, etc., if they desire to longer retain possession of the same.
Jacksonville, Oct. 1, 1886.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 20, 1886, page 1

    Mr. J. H. Clugage has bought the Union, of Sullivan, Ind. Mr. Clugage was "devil" in that office when it was owned by the proprietor of the Republican
and has gradually worked himself to the top. Success to him and the Union.
The Republic,
Columbus, Indiana, March 4, 1887, page 4

    Mrs. L. G. Terry of Leavenworth and Mrs. Frank Clugage of California are visiting at the residence of J. W. Parker.
"Atchison," Leavenworth Times, February 29, 1888, page 4

Horses for Sale.
    Fifteen good work horses for sale cheap at "Clugage Farm," two miles west of the city, on Parallel Road. Apply to E. B. Barber, on premises.
Atchison Daily Patriot, August 28, 1888, page 4

    For the past few days the weather has been too warm for sealskin overcoats, as Mr. Clugage can testify.
"Street Gossip," The Champion, Atchison, Kansas, March 21, 1889, page 4

    V. H. Pease, the mail contractor and former partner of Frank Clugage in the stage business in Nevada, was a passenger returning east this morning. He left Frank Clugage in San Francisco yesterday, bound for Oregon.
"Personals," Reno Evening Gazette, May 20, 1891, page 3

    Postmasters--Edward H. Hosmer, at Youngstown, O., vice Henry C. Cassidy, resigned. Henry S. Bennett, at Evansville, Ind., vice James W. Laner, removed. James H. Clugage, at Sullivan, Ind., vice Joshua Ernest, removed.
"General News," Star-Democrat, Easton, Maryland, May 21, 1889, page 2

    Mr. Frank Clugage, formerly a resident of Union Co., but now of Oregon, visited a few days in this vicinity, the guest of his nephew and niece, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Moore, he made us a short call which we enjoyed very much; we heard from him of our relatives in Oregon.
"Broadway," The Gazette, Richwood, Ohio, January 21, 1892, page 4

Frank Clugage.
    On August 1st Frank Clugage died suddenly from heart failure at the residence of J. W. Parker in this city, at the age of 76 years.
    In the earlier part of his life he was interested with the Ohio Stage Company, operating in the states of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, and previous to the late war with the Southern Overland Mail Company on the line across the continent from St. Louis via El Paso, to San Francisco, and after this line was changed to run via Salt Lake City he became extensively engaged in the stage business in the states and territories west of the Missouri River, and continued the business until his death. He possessed great energy, tenacity of purpose and integrity of character, and was well and favorably known throughout the territories, especially by the pioneers. He leaves three sisters, two residing at Sullivan, Ind., and one at Marysville, Ohio. His remains were taken this evening by relatives for interment in the family lot in the cemetery of Marysville, Ohio.
Atchison Daily Patriot, Atchison, Kansas, August 3, 1892, page 1

    Word was received here Monday evening of the death of Frank Clugage, which occurred at Atchison, Kansas, on the same day. Mr. Clugage it was known was in poor health for some time past, but his death was not expected to come so suddenly. It seems he was seriously afflicted with heart trouble, and to this his sudden death is attributed. His remains will arrive in this city today if no delay occurs, and the funeral will take place at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Jerry Miller, South Court Street, tomorrow afternoon at 5:30 o'clock, after which the remains will be deposited in the family lot at Oakdale Cemetery. Rev. March will officiate at the funeral.
    Mr. Clugage was born in Pennsylvania and with his father moved to Union County at an early day, and though he had not since young manhood been a resident here, he considered this his home.
Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, August 3, 1892, page 5

    On Monday evening Mr. Jerry Miller received the following telegram:
Atchison, Kan., Aug. 1, 1892.
    Mr. Clugage died this afternoon heart failure. What shall be done with the body.
(Signed.)    W. H. Lawton.
    This unexpected and brief little message contained but few words and meager information, but it spoke a volume and shocked this whole community, for Marysville claimed Mr. Clugage as belonging to her, although his home was in the West. He spent a month or so in this city almost every year with his sister, Mrs. J. Miller, and last spring while on his last visit here he suffered an attack of the grippe that must have contributed to his death Monday. A complete biography of Mr. Clugage would be most interesting, but as he was very unassuming, reserved and gentle in his disposition we doubt if his eventful and active career on the frontier and Pacific Slope since '49 when he first went to California will ever be fully written. He was never married and is supposed to be immensely wealthy, owning large ranches in Kansas, Oregon and other western states and hundreds of miles of stage routes. His office, headquarters and principal ranch was at Atchison. He left Linkville, Oregon about the first of July, and the next news concerning him that his sister received was the sad telegram Monday evening announcing his death at Atchison, Kansas. His remains were shipped to this place, and funeral services will be held this afternoon at 5:30 o'clock at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Jerry Miller, on South Court Street, under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity. Rev. Dr. March will pronounce the discourse, and the remains will be finally interred in Oakdale. Of the well-known Clugage family of Union County there are but three members living, Mrs. Jerry Miller of this city, and Mrs. Harriet Sherman and Mrs. Gene Saucerman of Sullivan, Ind.
Union County Journal, Marysville, Ohio, August 4, 1892, page 4

An Old Stage Man Dead.
    Atchison, Kan., Aug. 4.--Frank Clugage, aged 76, an old pioneer, died here Tuesday, and the body has been sent to Marysville, O., for burial. The deceased engaged in the overland mail business before the war, being interested in a company that crossed the continent from St. Louis to San Francisco. From the close of the war till he died he was engaged entirely in the stage business west of the Missouri River.
Sedalia Democrat, Sedalia, Missouri, August 4, 1892, page 3

    Frank Clugage, who died suddenly of heart failure, aged 76, at the residence of J. W. Parker, in Atchison, Monday, was one of the early pioneers of the West. In the earlier part of his life, he was interested with the Southern Overland Mail Company on the line across the continent from St. Louis to San Francisco, and after this line was changed to run via Salt Lake, he became extensively engaged in the stage business west of the Missouri, and continued in that business until his death. He possessed great energy and integrity of character, and was well and favorably known throughout the territories by the pioneers.
"City News," Leavenworth Times, August 4, 1892, page 4

    James Clugage left for his home in Sullivan, Ind., Monday.
"Personal Mention," The Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, August 10, 1892, page 5

    Hon. J. W. Robinson has been appointed and accepted the administratorship of the estate of Frank Clugage, deceased, with bond of $100,000. This is probably the largest bond ever given in Union County by an administrator. Mr. Robinson's experience in handling large estates will enable a speedy adjudication of the immense interests of the deceased. Mr. R. was chosen administrator of the large estate of Alvah Smith to straighten up affairs, after two other administrators had failed. He has got that estate in condition that there will be no further serious trouble.
"Home Department," Marysville Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, September 21, 1892, page 5

Oakdale's Tallest Monument Recalls History
of Clugage Family, Once Prominent in County
By Mary Elizabeth Behrens
    With Memorial Day coming Saturday, I'm sure everyone will be driving through Oakdale Cemetery. Perhaps you will be on a committee to decorate soldiers' graves; you may bring your children to watch the morning parade, or you may prefer a quiet visit, toward the end of the day, to bring a basket of iris and peonies to place on a loved one's grave.
    Whatever the reason that draws you to this hallowed place, you will leave in a peaceful, contemplative mood, knowing that those who rest there are in one of the loveliest, best cared-for cemeteries in Ohio. . . .
    As many years as I have driven through the cemetery, as many times as I have looked at that tall, gray monument in Section C, the oldest part of Oakdale, I never walked up to see whose monument it is. Until last week!
    When I found out that it was the tallest spire in the cemetery, being 35 feet high, I decided to find out more--and so I came upon a totally unknown name, Clugage. It rang a very faint bell.
    The beautiful south window in the Presbyterian Church, depicting the pilgrim's arrival at the gates of Heaven, was given in memory of the Clugage family. How could such a prominent family drop out of existence, I wondered. And so with a little investigation, the following facts fit together to make a beautiful story:
    James and Jeanette Clugage (rhymes with luggage) were well-to-do farmers living south of Marysville around 1850. When they passed away, they were duly buried in Marysville's old cemetery behind the present Farm Bureau. Among their many children, those who lived to maturity were four daughters, Matilda, Harriet, Jane and Mary Ann, and two sons, James and Francis, called Frank by the family.
    Matilda and her brothers never married. Jane married a man named Saucerman and moved to Indianapolis; Harriet married a Sherman and lived here for several years, while Mary Ann, called Molly, married Jerry Miller, and lived in Marysville until her death. Mr. Miller was president of the old Union Bank for many years.
    But to go back a little. When Oakdale was laid out, sales were a bit slow, and it was decided, in 1890, three years before the T.&O.C. Railroad (now New York Central) went through, to put lots up for public auction. The idea was to stimulate interest in the new burial ground.
    The Clugage family bid for and received the center plot in Section C. This is now called the Round Lot, and is rather like the hub of a wheel, with spoke-like paths leading up to it. All the other lots in that section, bought by other, older families in town, were necessarily cut up into odd shapes, many of them like wedges of pie.
    In the meantime, the Clugage boys had gone West to make their fortune, which they literally did. James went to California in the Gold Rush days, successfully prospected for the yellow metal, and came back here a wealthy bachelor to live out his days on the home farm.
    Frank went to Kansas, where he started a stagecoach line. He founded the city of Atchison, Kansas, and built the first church and school there. He died in Kansas in 1892, and was brought to Oakdale for burial.
    He was the first buried on the Round Lot, although the next year his family was reinterred from the old cemetery to lie beside him. At the same time the three living Clugages, Jane, Harriet and Molly, placed the big monument in Oakdale.
    Molly became a school teacher, took a tour to Europe and the Holy Land, and later married. She and her husband lived by the Methodist Church after they moved in from the country. All of the Clugage family were members of the Presbyterian Church here, having transferred in from the Corinth Presbyterian Church in Dover Township. The Millers had one child, a daughter, Myrtle, who later married Elijah Horr and moved to Mechanicsburg, where she still lives. Her father, Jerry Miller, had one son by a former marriage, and this man, David Miller, is still living in Woodstock.
    Molly Clugage Miller brought several beautiful religious pictures back from the Holy Land. One was the "Quest of the Holly Grail," and the other "Pilgrim's Progress at the Gates of Paradise." When Mrs. Miller learned that a new Presbyterian church was to be built in 1903, she decided to give a large art glass window to the church in memory of her family. The artist could not duplicate her first choice of the Holy Grail picture, but he could and did make the second one.
    And in the beautiful window are some little angels, smiling down on the pilgrim. These cherubic faces were copied, very accurately, from pictures of Molly and her brothers and sisters when they were children. Mrs. Miller and her husband, who also contributed to the cost of the window, were always so happy with the stained-glass picture.
    Until her death in 1916, when she joined her family in the Round Lot, Molly Miller always had a deep contentment in knowing that, through the graceful granite monument, and the lovely sunny window in the church, her family name would be remembered.
    Myrtle Miller Horr, her daughter, has kept this trust. She regularly comes to Marysville to care for the flowers on the Round Lot, since, as she explained to me, "I expect to lie beside my dear Mama." Mrs. Horr is a cousin of Mrs. Henrietta Baker, widow of Phil Baker, through the Belts, and a very close friend of Mable Cameron Thrall.
    Her four children are very successful in their chosen careers, though living in different sections of the United States.
    Her oldest son, Charles, lives in Miami, Fla., and New York City, where he has his offices as vice-president of the American Hotel Association. Arthur Horr is in business in Texas, while Howard lives in Los Angeles, Calif., where he edits a business magazine. Her daughter, Elaine Knull, lives in Urbana, where her husband is in the lumber business.
    I feel certain through the loving pride as she talked of her children that this mother never need worry about the care and devotion she will always have.
    So when we think of Memorial Day, and the veteran's plea, "Lest we forget," let us recall this story of the Clugage family, and children who honor the memory of their parents long after they have passed away.
Evening Journal-Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, May 28, 1953, pages 1-2

Written by F. T. Gaumer for the Journal-Tribune

    For years, I have been intrigued by a family which was only a name by the time I arrived on the scene. That name was Cluggage.
    About the only thing I knew about the family was that it had the biggest monument in Oakdale Cemetery and had given one of the three large art-glass windows in the sanctuary of the First Presbyterian Church. I used to ponder about that monument when I would go to the cemetery with my folks, and about the window as I sat in church on Sunday morning.
    A few months ago I decided it was time to do more than wonder about them and gradually accumulated information on the Cluggages, but not without difficulty. The first step was easy: simply go out to Oakdale and get information off the grave stones, specifically dates.
    Quickly, I discovered that there were two James Cluggages, one of whom died May 7, 1886 and the other May 10, 1862. I have no clue as to their middle names or initials, but for the sake of clarity have designated them in my own mind as Junior and Senior and will so refer to them here.
    Both of the James Cluggages were married; at least, there was a Jeanette Cluggage who died Jan. 27, 1856, and Matilda Cluggage, who died March 6, 1880.
    So, to begin in chronological order, I tried to look up the obituaries of James Senior and Jeanette in the old newspaper files. Alas, the newspaper did not print obituaries in the 1850s and '60s.
    But I did find an obituary of sorts on James Junior in the 1886 file. Unfortunately, while it did publish an account of his death, no survivors, brothers, sisters or children were listed. But I did learn that James Jr. was raised in Union County and acquired a farm in Delaware County, where he died.
    He bought horses for the Neil, Moore & Co. stagecoach company of Columbus and acquired considerable reputation as a horse buyer. When the railroads put the stagecoaches out of business, James Jr. went West and became connected with coach lines in "the territories." I learned from another source that he had ten children, a fact not mentioned in his obituary.
    The older members of the Presbyterian Church knew that the Cluggage window was given in memory of the family by a Mrs. Jerry Miller, but the papers of 1904, the year the church was built and dedicated, failed to further identify her. Eventually I hit pay dirt, but not without further difficulty.
    Back to Oakdale I went, and sought help from Bob Hatcher, the custodian, but his records were of little help. Someone years ago had failed to record the burial of either Mr. or Mrs. Jerry Miller. He suggested going back to the Cluggage lot and, sure enough, there was a Mollie Miller with one further clue from her gravestone: She died in 1916.
    Back to the files and, finally, after two days of searching, page by page, found Mollie's obituary.
    Her proper name was Mary Cluggage Miller, and she died June 20, 1916 at the age of 86. She was one of 10 children of Mr. and Mrs. James Cluggage (Junior). The Cluggage home and later the home of Mr. and Mrs. Miller was on South Court Street and stood about where the Methodist Church office is today. Officially, it was 213 S. Court.
    From the paper, I learned that she was the "mother" of both [the] Fortnightly Club and Mary Chapter of the Eastern Star in Marysville. In fact, she was the Mary for whom the chapter was named. She was also a charter member of the Women's Parliament and a school teacher in the old West Building which stood behind the present Library. It was torn down in 1912 to make room for the present West Building.
    Mary Miller, or Mollie, had a stepson, David Miller, then of Irwin, three nieces who lived in Indiana and an adopted daughter, Mrs. Myrtle Miller Horr, of Mechanicsburg. She is also buried in the Cluggage lot beside her mother.
    It was from this daughter that Mrs. John Craig obtained further information when she did a paper several years ago for the Aletheia Society concerning the Presbyterian window. Mrs. Horr died in 1956.
    Mrs. Horr wrote that her parents checked with several "stained glass" window companies from Chicago and Cincinnati before deciding upon a Cincinnati firm. Technically, "stained glass" is the wrong term; it is properly referred to as art glass because it shows pictures.
    They decided upon a window design called "The Pilgrim's Arrival at the Gates of Heaven" and shows a pilgrim approaching the open gate. Above the gates are three cherubs, or small angels.
    "Mother conceived the idea of using, if possible, her sisters' and her faces for the cherubs," Mrs. Horr wrote. "Mother had some daguerreotypes (commonly called tintypes) of the three, and the likenesses were taken from these early pictures for the little angels."
    And so, there they are today: Three little Cluggage girls appearing as angels at the top of the window, a long-lasting memorial to the family.
    As to the memorial in Oakdale Cemetery, Mrs. Horr wrote that the obelisk is 38 feet tall and (without having exact measure) is about the same height as the other tall monument in Oakdale, that of the Whitney family.
    Two other questions remained to be cleared up: who or what was Jerry Miller, and how should the name Cluggage be spelled?
    Mrs. Horr's letter provided the answers.
    Mr. Miller was president of the Union Banking Co., whose office was in the corner of the old Oakland Hotel, which stood on the northeast corner of the public square. He was one of three early owners of the hotel and was a long-time member of the Masonic Lodge.
    It is interesting that the Cluggage name is spelled that way on the brass plate beneath the church window and most other places, including Mrs. Horr's letter to Mrs. Craig. But it is spelled Clugage on the monument in the cemetery.
    The lot on which that monument stands is lot No. 1 in Oakdale and is circular. It was bought by a Mr. and Mrs. Miller, and it stands in the center of the oldest part of the cemetery. After the cemetery trustees sold the lot to them, Mrs. Miller had her Cluggage parents and grandparents moved there from the old Marysville Cemetery.
    Also buried there are other Cluggage children, some of whom died at an early age, but one, Francis Cluggage, and brother of Mrs. Miller, died in 1892. Francis had left Marysville at an early age and went West to "seek his fortune," as they used to say in storied times. He must have found it because, as the papers reported in his obituary, he became "immensely wealthy" in ranching and stage routes. He owned ranches in Kansas, Oregon and other western states, and owned "hundreds of miles" of stagecoach lines.
    I do not know when Mr. Miller died, and there is no record of him being buried at Oakdale. Perhaps he was buried elsewhere, Irwin, for instance. But in the mid-1930s the Kiwanis Club held a party and program honoring the remaining Civil War veterans here. There were eight at that time, and one of them was a Jerry Miller.
    It was a lengthy letter Mrs. Horr wrote to Mrs. Craig, and in it she said, "My main trouble is my heart. . . . That is one of the reasons I am sending on these notes now, for 'No one knoweth the day or the hour when the Son of Man cometh.'"
    Mrs. Horr wrote well, and I am thankful she did. Without that letter, much of an interesting chapter in Marysville history might have been lost.
Journal-Tribune, Marysville, Ohio, July 6, 1984, page 4

Last revised September 25, 2022