Jackson County Vice 1953
Also, biographical notes on the author, Walter S. Jeffreys.
Brace yourself. No, you are not having a stroke. Below is the most unreadable document I've ever seen. (You should see the original.*) I recommend you skip ahead to the narcotics and gambling devices sections.
Note: This document names names. Its transcription here is not to suggest an endorsement or confirmation of Jeffreys' "findings." Despite his incessant claims to the contrary, his "survey" techniques show abundant bias and pronounced lack of scientific rigor. The 1951 Beall Report, referred to repeatedly below, paints a much less dire picture of vice in Jackson County.
HONORABLE WALTER D. NUNLEY
JACKSON COUNTY STATE OF OREGON
CONFIDENTIAL CRIME AND EFFICIENCY SURVEY
OFFICIAL PROPERTY OF THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY
THE NOBLEST MOTIVE IS THE PUBLIC GOOD
SPECIFIC INTRODUCTORY SUBJECTS
PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION AND SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS
Honorable Walter D. NunleyMy Dear Mr. Nunley:
District Attorney, Jackson County,
Pursuant to your specific instructions, which are elsewhere disclosed in this section, I respectfully submit the following disclosure of the Crime and Efficiency Survey of Jackson County, terminated as of this date, and trust [the] same commands your approbation in the perusal of this document.
In the accomplishment of the application, I endeavored consistent with my best possible judgment, and in what I believed to be a strictly impartial and very judicious manner, the execution of your specific instructions to the infinitesimal degree, and indeed with full cognition of the wisdom vitally necessary to the purposes of the survey coverage, particularly so since at the very inception of a very secret and confidential field coverage it was obvious the deeply entrenched criminal combinations in the city of Medford, and throughout the entire county, were quite apprehensive and indeed dangerous and were burning the evil flame of the midnight oil to determine the necessary procedure to force the District Attorney to tolerate the very lucrative gambling syndicate's operations, and kindred vice and crime ramifications, that obtained in the community for so many years.
Privileged Communication: Let it be known that the subject matter of this document categorically is privileged communication and in no conceivable sense intended otherwise, and is to be considered inviolate for purposes of publicity, political expediency and that of public edification, was scientifically and confidentially secured and prepared for the specific official guidance of yourself as District Attorney of Jackson County in the prosecution of your official prerogatives, as is prescribed in the provisions of the state laws of Oregon and the provisions of the ordinances of Jackson County; therefore as such it remains the official property of the District Attorney and to his personal custody.
Specific Agreement: Specific instructions to the District Attorney:
This will be your authorization to conduct a Crime and Efficiency Survey of Jackson County, consistent with the following agreement, the inception as of this date, July 8, 1953.
It is understood and agreed that you are privileged to conduct the said Crime and Efficiency Survey, consistent with your established methods of scientific procedure and that of aspects of strictly confidential approach and definite mediums of privileged communication, and that the delivery of the completed survey report is without any reservation whatsoever, to be considered as the final word and thereby terminates the survey application.
It is further understood and agreed that under no circumstances or conditions whatsoever will you be required to appear before any inquisitorial body, official group, group of individuals or any person or persons, to discuss any disclosures of the completed survey report, except where consistent with your discretion.
That at no time during the course of the survey application, in advance of the completed survey report, will you be requested or required to disclose any aspects of the survey disclosures, nor disclose the name or address of any individual or citizen who has been approached or violate the confidence of privileged communication of any confidential source of information, or disclose the subject matter of any character or documentary data and information as may be provided you from any source, official or otherwise, except where consistent with your discretion.
That at no future time, subsequent to the delivery of the completed survey report, will you be expected or requested to furnish further information, except where consistent with your discretion.
It is further fully understood and agreed, if in your judgment, as you have suggested, you may deem it judicious in the accomplishment of the specific purposes of the survey coverage, that the subject matter of the completed survey report may be orally disclosed in convened confidence to certain factors of the clergy and other elements of the citizenry of unquestioned integrity, judiciousness and sincere interest in intelligent and effective crime prevention, consistent law enforcement and that of good government, and in maintaining a wholesome community atmosphere.
Specific Instructions: Your specific instructions are indicated as follows:
1. You are to cover the entire county of Jackson, inclusive of all incorporated and unincorporated areas, as to all criminal ramifications within the state laws under my jurisdiction as District Attorney, without the slightest fear or favor, and you can command my complete coordination of effort and cooperation at any hour, day or night.
2. I am particularly concerned as to all forms of illicit gambling, especially as to gambling devices of every character as is prohibited under the state laws, irrespective of where they may be located: private clubs or otherwise.
3. You will also cover any and all criminal ramifications as to aspects of organized crime, gangsterism, hoodlum operations and that of concerted criminal combinations as may obtain in Jackson County and in the immediate contiguous boundary area of the county.
4. Further you will cover all criminal ramifications as to any criminal aspects as may come within your knowledge or observation as regards illicit operations of police personnel of any division of police in Jackson County, especially as to collusion, corruption and graft, and that of police brutality.
5. I am especially concerned as to the illicit sale of narcotics to juveniles and students of our schools and colleges, and that of any stimulus medium of crime that may affect juveniles and students.
6. You will also cover all mediums of commercialized prostitution as may obtain in Jackson County, and particularly within the city of Medford.
7. You will also cover all stimulus aspects of crime, potential or factual, as may come within your knowledge or observation, that may affect the public good of the community.
8. You are instructed to make a complete analytical recapitulation of the efficiency and systemization of the Office of District Attorney as to the functional ramifications, and that of immediate and far-visioned requirements and aspects essential to implementation, consistent with the progress and expansion and that of increasing population of Jackson County, inclusive of mediums of true economy.
9. I also understand the mediums of the implementation of the Crime and Efficiency Survey as not a direct conventional policing action, but that of procedure in scientific determination of the true analytical recapitulation of the status in quo of prevailing crime conditions, enabling intelligent corrective application, good government and good public relations, and in maintaining wholesome community life for the public good.
Yours very truly,[sic. Walter S. Jeffreys clumsily wrote this letter/contract as a letter from District Attorney Nunley to himself. Note that Jeffreys begins the letter in the first-person singular, but ends it in the second person.]
Signed Walter D. Nunley
CRIME SITUATION SPECIFIC DISCLOSURES
CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS ANALYTICAL RECAPITULATION
Introductory Comment: Innovational procedure immediately subsequent to the preliminary application of the survey coverage in the approach to the crime situation throughout the entire county, especially in the instance of the city of Medford and that of the city of Ashland, became of immediate consequence since it was disclosed that the corrupt collusive ramifications of the illicit gambling combinations, and that of kindred criminal factors of commercialized prostitution, illicit sale of narcotics, particularly marijuana, and the obvious stimulus mediums of official collusion and graft, influenced by the well-established corrupt political spoils system, were so extensive and varied, and indeed deeply entrenched through long years of unmolested operations, embracing elements of the presumed respectable citizenry of the community, business and professional, that the usual conventional procedure was utterly impossible in the application.
To the continuant fact: Particularly so, since the electorate of a determined law-abiding citizenry delivered a crushing defeat to the predecessor District Attorney, thus the consternation of the criminal combinations, and especially so since the incumbent District Attorney assumed the duties of his office the stimulus aspects as to the criminal element are very apprehensively in evidence, and they are wondering what the next accomplishment of the District Attorney will be.
Specific Disclosures, Criminal Ramifications, Contributory FactorsThe paramount stimulus mediums within the city of Medford responsible for illicit criminal ramifications embracing within the category of crime, infractions of the law, in the toleration of gambling devices, card rooms and card tables (usually located in unlawful and disreputable establishments) such as cocktail bars, taverns, billiard parlors and pool rooms, nightclubs, private social clubs and that of kindred establishments, too numerous to mention herein, and also elements of commercialized prostitution, and that of related criminal aspects of pimping for and in procuring harlots for patrons' sexual gratification, channeled through factors of the underworld, such as taxicab drivers, bartenders, hotel bellboys, hotel clerks, call houses and various other underworld sources, are definitely traceable to the toleration by elements of the municipal administration.
To the continuant fact: Stimulus of this deplorable, injudicious policy of municipal administrative toleration of certain vice and crime conditions mentioned here, there remains the criminal stimulus factors of definite strong indications of the illicit traffic in the sale of narcotics, which is inevitable and indeed lucrative in the field of toleration of factors of vice and crime.
It is well to evaluate this fact that the paramount stimulus factor to that of vice and crime in any community embracing incorporated and unincorporated areas of the county, particularly that of criminal combinations and aspects of organized crime and concerted criminal ramifications, is that of collusive, corrupt and grafting public officials, and most especially where the flagrancy of the situation is pronounced, as in the instances of the policy of toleration of vice and crime.
To the continuant fact: Also where divisions of police of any municipality, or that of the Sheriff's office or District Attorney of any county or political subdivision of the state, are legally concerned, and the policy of toleration of vice and crime obtains, it is invariably certain that official collusion, corruption and graft are indeed in concrete evidence.
There can be no compromise with crime where honest and sincere public officials command the field of crime prevention and law enforcement.
Analytical Recapitulation of the Division of Police, City of MedfordIntroductory Comment: In the approach to the analysis of the Division of Police in the city of Medford, it became very necessary to resort to innovational procedure and that of commanding top secret coordination of effort and intense cooperation of elements of the law-abiding citizenry of the community, and almost immediately subsequent to the actual confidential contact with the division it became obvious that mediums of pronounced apprehension of the personnel and that of definite aspects of chaos were in evidence.
A. Chief Executive Officer, Division of Police: The chief executive officer of the division [Clatous McCredie] is disclosed as in no proper scientific policing sense qualified as an effective administrative officer, or that of an efficient and judicious disciplinarian, and most certainly not a commander of men, and does not reflect the slightest latent qualifications whereby he can be properly developed as a first-class scientifically trained commander of the division. [Compare Jeffreys' criticism with Beall's praise in his 1951 survey of the Medford Police Department.]
To the continuant fact: He is not qualified in the very necessary scientific sense to accomplish the reorganization of the Division of Police, and in fact his status in quo, as indicated in the personal scientific analysis, discloses his qualifications as an ordinary police officer who could command the assignment as captain, lieutenant or sergeant of the average small Division of Police, but in no judicious effective policing sense as that of chief executive officer.
The intelligence quotient of this officer is indicated as highly deficient, and it is quite probable he could not conform to the standard Civil Service examination, as required in the instance of all scientifically directed divisions of police.
The deficiencies in the intelligence quotient of the chief executive officer of the division is most obviously stimulus of the imbroglio status in quo that now obtains therein, and no doubt contributory, particularly to the unfortunate death of one Lester W. Hurley, age sixty-two, a veteran of World War One and a member of Camp White, who was permitted to lie unattended in the city jail for approximately forty-one hours.
To the continuant fact: It is indicated the chief executive of the division is indeed psychologically indolent, reflects no essential mediums of policing propensity nor that of initiatory administrative ability.
This very obvious indication is reflected in the disclosures of the very comprehensive survey report of Sergeant William P. Beall, expert consultant of the Berkeley, California Division of Police, as rendered to the Municipal Council of Medford as of August 1951, in that the chief executive officer of the Division of Police failed utterly in numerous instances to judiciously evaluate the necessary import of the respective Beall recommendations, due most obviously to his policing administrative inability and that of his quite probably inherent autonomous egocentric conception of his administrative ability.
To the continuant fact: Responsibility, in aspects of the failure in the implementation of the recommendations in question, is of probable tracing to the Municipal Council of the period of the issuance of the Beall survey report as of August 1951, particularly so in the instance of the failure of the Police Commission of the municipality of Medford to follow through on the implementation of the recommendation by the chief executive officer of the Division of Police.
B. Public Relations, Confidence and Respect, Chief Executive Officer, Division of Police: The analytical recapitulation of all aspects of public opinion mediums of research channeled confidential information of certain of the citizenry (privileged communication) and factual information, cultivated from within the Division of Police, discloses the chief executive officer does not command the proper confidence and respect of the law-abiding citizenry, and as reflected in the disclosures of the cross-sectional poll of public opinion of the survey application, he is regarded as responsible to quite some extent for the present vice and crime conditions that currently obtain in the city of Medford, and that he is not properly qualified to command the Division of Police, and his moral turpitude becomes questionable and general public relations not good, and he should be removed from office.
C. Personnel Respect and Confidence, Chief Executive Officer, Division of Police: It is disclosed that the chief executive officer of the Division of Police does not command the confidence and respect of the majority of his subordinate commanding officers and complement personnel, and that aspects of insubordination are indicated as in evidence.
The personnel morale of the division is disclosed as of an unusually low ratio percent of thirty-eight, which as a matter of consistent fact it should register an approximate ratio percent of ninety, in strict conformity with scientifically established mediums of efficiency and systematization in that of effective crime prevention and law enforcement.
Stimulus mediums of incentive personnel application necessary to that of efficient community policing in the protection of life and property was indeed disclosed as practically nonexistent.
To the continuant fact: Mediums of inservice training, vitally essential in maintaining the personnel of the division in a consistent functional state of policing efficiency and systematization, are disclosed as not properly in evidence, consistent with modern, scientific, effective policing procedure.
Interjection: It is judicious at this time to understand that the embracing of the Division of the Police of the municipality of Medford, and such other divisions of the respective incorporated areas of the county, becomes of paramount importance to the survey application, in that the line of demarcation between the Division of Police and that of criminal identifications cannot be eliminated, especially where it is obviously indicated that vice and crime is officially tolerated, and indeed stimulus of official collusion, corruption and theft.
To the continuant fact: Complete coverage of the Division of Police does not obtain as in this instance, except to the extent where it is obviously indicated official collusion and graft within the Division of Police, and in other official categories within the municipal government is in evidence, and such mediums of vice and crime are protected or tolerated in strict violation of state laws within the official jurisdiction of the District Attorney.
For further edification, if such a confidential Crime and Efficiency Survey were being conducted under the official authority of the City of Medford, then the survey application would become essentially pertinent of greater comprehensive coverage.
D. Personnel Division of Police, Municipality of Medford, Miscellaneous Aspects and Ramifications.
1. The educational background, and that of the intelligence quotient, of the personnel of the division discloses an unusually low ratio percent of forty-four, entirely inconsistent to stimulus aspects of that of inservice training and required scientific policing procedure.
2. The personnel complement is inadequate to that of effective and efficient community policing and that of crime prevention and effective law enforcement.
3. The field observations of the survey application and as otherwise channeled through confidential sources, disclose the personnel of the Division of Police, with a ratio percent of seventy-nine, as indeed psychologically and physically indolent, and the public relations are not good, and they do not command proper public respect and confidence of the citizenry.
To the continuant fact. The personnel public decorum is very bad, and to a very large extent, their personal appearance is slovenly and reflects no proper policing dignity.
It should not be construed that the Division of Police does not have a few properly qualified and honest personnel; quite to the contrary, there is a very small minority who should command every possible consideration and confidence.
4. Police brutality, rolling (theft from person) of that of intoxicated individuals, consorting with commercialized prostitutes and known criminal characters, acceptance of gratuities such as meals from cafes, drinks of liquor etc. from cocktail bars, and numerous character of gifts too numerous to mention herein, were disclosed through strictly reputable citizenry sources in definite confidence and privileged communication.
5. The analytical recapitulation of the entire personnel of the Division of Police of the City of Medford fails utterly to disclose any individual of the personnel scientifically qualified by the reason of training and experience and that of educational background with a developed and established technique as that of an efficient and effective administrative officer, strict disciplinarian and judicious commander of men, and particularly possessed of the science of modern policing, organizational ability, who could assume command of the division and accomplish the reorganization of same in probable contemplation of the retirement of the incumbent chief executive officer.
6. The motorized and beat foot patrol system of the Division of Police is disclosed as utterly inadequate and perfunctory in the mediums of adequate and efficient community coverage and in the frequency of same, and is definitely not conducive to efficient and effective crime prevention and law enforcement.
7. No consistent pay plan of compensation, commensurable [sic] with the rapidly increasing cost of subsistence to the divisional personnel, was disclosed as in proper evidence, thus such failure to maintain an equitable pay plan has long since been scientifically established in the procedure of effective policing and that of crime prevention and indeed in consistent law enforcement as a definite stimulus factor to personnel collusion and graft.
8. It is also disclosed that the Division of Police of the municipal government is at this current period, and has been for approximately the past fifteen years, practically an autonomous unit under the stewardship of the present chief executive officer, with little or no effective supervision in the instance of the Municipal Council or specifically that of the Police Committee. Such supervision is fundamentally of paramount importance in maintaining honest and efficient procedure within the Division of Police and of further consequence in prevention of official collusion and graft.
To the continuant fact: It was authentically and confidentially disclosed during the course of the survey application that the vice and crime factors, and that of the element of the corrupt, collusive, political spoils system of the community, are particularly anxious that the status in quo of the Division of Police be not disturbed.
9. The analytical recapitulation of the survey coverage discloses the city of Medford as the crime center of the county, stimulus of the fact that Medford is the center of population of the county and that of tolerated aspects of illicit gambling and elements of kindred vice and crime, and specifically to the failure of the Division of Police to effectively enforce the law.
To the continuant fact: While Medford is the crime center of the county, no definite major concerted effort of gangsterism, or that of hoodlum ramifications, is indicated as in evidence, except that late in the survey coverage unconfirmed information was disclosed through confidential channeled sources of the citizenry that illicit syndicated gambling interests, especially that of factors interested in gambling devices such as that of slot machines, pinball machines and kindred devices, emanating from out-of-state factors channeled through Portland and Klamath Falls, Oregon, were moving in to control gambling in Jackson County.
Narcotic Situation, Commercialized Prostitution, RamificationsIntroductory Comment: Initially in the approach to the illicit ramifications of the narcotic traffic it is judicious that you comprehend the fact that the illicit traffic in narcotics is that of "big business," and indeed very lucrative financially for the insignificant peddler of the skid row to that of the international smuggler and major operators of the great centers of population of the United States, and the annual expenditure embraces millions of dollars.
It commands the patronage of the scum of human degeneracy to that of the ostentatious wealthy and that of the quiet dignity of the tycoon of our society, and even into the student ranks of our schools, colleges and universities and to the shocking truth it embraces teenage youth, little suspected as addicted to the use of narcotics.
The illicit ramifications are invariably disclosed as very extensive and varied, deeply entrenched, murderously dangerous, and not infrequently commanding social prestige into the elite atmosphere of the respectability of society.
With rare exceptions, the illicit traffic in narcotics commands the lucrative business of distribution through the mediums of official collusion and graft in the areas of operation and usually embraces law enforcement officers and that of elected public officials in many categories, especially within the ranks of municipal, county and state governments, for the necessary official protection of the nefarious traffic.
The illicit narcotic traffic is not only "big business," but is nationwide in the ramifications and indeed politically powerful in many instances and in localities of its lucrative flagrancy, especially in areas of tolerated vice and crime it is indeed judicious to assume the official collusion of protected graft does definitely obtain.
This should not be construed that every law enforcement officer, or that of elected municipal, county or state official, is of questionable integrity and are grafting for extended illicit protection, as in this instance and otherwise; quite to the contrary, there are many honest ones, usually in the majority, and in my long experience of over forty years I am indeed convinced that there are thousands of law enforcement officers, and that of elected public officials, who do not have their price and definitely cannot be bribed nor coerced in the failure of their official prerogatives in the enforcement of the law.
During the course of the survey application it officially was disclosed to me personally that repeated mediums of coercion were resorted to in an endeavor to accomplish the toleration of certain infractions of the state law in the city of Medford, Ashland and elsewhere throughout Jackson County, all of which utterly failed.
Illicit Ramifications, City of Medford, City of Ashland and Jackson County:
1. The illicit sale of narcotics in the city of Medford is strongly indicated as quite pronounced, deeply entrenched and very extensive and varied in ramifications, with strong potentials of official protection and graft.
The city of Medford is indicated as the principal distribution center for the entire Jackson County and contiguous areas, with that of possible supply mediums from Klamath Falls, Oregon and that of Vancouver, Canada.
2. The indicative aspects of the overall ramifications, as disclosed in the analytical recapitulation, as pertained specifically to this particular subject, discloses the channeled sources of sale contact as so varied and of such deep entrenchment, political influence and that of strong potentials of official protection, that the accomplishment in corrective application and the apprehension of the principal malefactors engaged in the traffic will essentially require the concerted effort under the authority of the federal government, not only of the office of the District Attorney of Jackson County, but that of the state of Oregon.
This is particularly necessary, since the Office of District [Attorney] is not adequately staffed, especially in the instance of a permanent criminal investigator, nor does the office at this time command adequate funds and regardless in the ultimate analysis the indicated status in quo of the situation would require federal action and in the initial processes necessary to the ultimate accomplishment it will require probable months of careful scientific investigation and that of effective cultivation and undercover application.
In the instance of the survey application, the immediate cultivative processes (except on rare occasions) never extends beyond the initially intended preliminary determination of the approximate status in quo of vice and crime ramifications and that of aspects of efficiency and systematization.
Commercialized Prostitution,1. The commercialized prostitution situation in the city of Medford and elsewhere throughout Jackson County, while not in the true category of flagrancy, remains obviously quite pronounced, and the city of Medford is the center of commercialized prostitution, such as it is, and the status in quo of the situation discloses mediums of toleration and that of obvious suggestion of official collusion, corruption and graft, and actually presents no policing problem in so long as the Division of Police of the City of Medford continues in the failure to honestly enforce the law.
Illicit Ramifications, Mediums of Procurement
To the continuant fact: The ramifications of commercialized prostitution, particularly as to the city of Medford, can indeed be reduced to the infinitesimal degree within forty-eight hours, if the Division of Police of the City of Medford makes an honest effort to correct the situation.
This same procedure will apply to all incorporated areas of the county, and likewise to the Sheriff's Department.
Scientific Disclosures, Commercialized Prostitution: No so-called segregated vice district was disclosed as in evidence.
Taxicab drivers were confidentially disclosed as pimping and procurement of call and after-hours prostitutes. The procedure was disclosed as the usual conventional contract, that the patron would make a direct contact with the driver, who in turn would pick up the harlot and her patron and convey them to a motel, rooming house, hotel or elsewhere. The financial arrangements were unable to be determined; however, the taxicab driver or pimp usually increase the patron's fare by that of fifty percent and also commands a cut from the harlot and the operator of the assignation house that may be resorted to.
It was further confidentially disclosed that the harlot's charge in this area is usually five dollars, depending as to the class of patron, prostitute and the assignation house.
To the continuant fact: Bartenders, hotel bellboys and that of hotel clerks and a few procurement anonymous individuals, known to resort to the questionable Holland Hotel, Grand Hotel and the various dives of the Skid Row on Front Street, are known to have specific addresses and telephone numbers of call and after-hours prostitutes.
The prostitute designated as the "call harlot" is reported as increasing in this area, especially since the advent of cocktail bars, and it is this character who are within the professional category as prostitutes, and the several as confidentially reported operating within the city of Medford are indicated as controlled from Klamath Falls.
Numerous after-hours prostitutes are known to be employed as waitresses and cocktail bar girls and are making their contacts with patrons in the establishments of their employment, particularly in the interiors of cocktail bars.
The survey coverage embraced every cocktail bar, beer tavern and kindred establishment serving intoxicating beverages throughout Jackson County, and especially in the incorporated areas, particularly the cities of Medford, Ashland, Central Point and elsewhere, with a remote possibility of two or three being overlooked. Such establishments [are] named specifically elsewhere in this document.
In the majority of the instances the anonymous female bar patron presumably to the legitimate male patron was indicated as just another female patron, but in fact the cultivative process of the survey coverage disclosed such persons as that of professional bar shills, employed by the management of the establishment as that of stimulus mediums of increased bar drinks. It was also determined in a number of instances that these shills were operating on a basis of percentage of drinks per patron purchased, inclusive of meals. It was also observed in a number of instances where the shill's patron had become well intoxicated she would steal his change from drink purchases off the bar. It was also observed on occasion that the bartender would shortchange patrons in advanced stages of intoxication.
To the continuant fact: Further cultivation as to these shills disclosed approximately ninety percent were commercialized prostitutes and could be dated for sexual gratification after closing hours, usually in nearby motels.
In the immediate Medford vicinity, the "Y Night Club, North Pacific Highway," is disclosed as the most flagrant in the illicit vice aspects indicated herein. Within the "five-point coverage of this establishment," it was disclosed as a definite rendezvous for homosexual degenerates and commercialized prostitutes other than [those] connected with the establishment, and indicated narcotic addicts and peddlers and pimps.
The so-called "Skid Row," on Front Street, properly embraced generally from Fourth Street to Eighth Street, and most specifically from Main Street to that of Eighth Street, is the most vicious and damnable area of vice and corruption and that of illicit gambling, sale of narcotics, commercialized prostitution and that of revolting drunken debauch, sexual perversion and also of stimulus aspects of official collusion and graft in the entire southern Oregon section. Its very toleration under obvious official protection is most certainly the shame of Medford and an insult to the decent and law[-abiding] citizenry of the community.
To the continuant fact: Every cocktail bar, tavern or beer parlor within the Skid Row area has its quota of commercialized prostitutes of the very lowest scum of the backwash of human degeneracy, as well as its pimps, narcotic addicts and peddlers, homosexual degenerates, drunken bums, ex-convicts, disreputable and criminal characters, and is the haven of harlots of the raw silent night, carriers of syphilis and kindred venereal infections, who resort to the various upstairs brothels suitably named as respectable establishments.
This Skid Row area of the city of Medford is known well to the habituants of the criminal world throughout the entire Pacific Coast and is the mecca of attraction of the white slave and narcotic traffic and that of kindred vice and crime factors.
If I may digress slightly, please hear this: When vice and crime, inclusive of commercialized prostitution, is permitted to flourish or is tolerated through surreptitiously channeled arrangement, as is indicated in the city of Medford, it is indeed a safe conclusion that official collusion and graft obtains that may embrace high officials of the municipal government, county government and that of the Sheriff or District Attorney; this is not to be construed as an implication.
To the continuant fact: As of August 1951, scientific and comprehensive survey of the Division of Police was conducted by Sergeant William P. Beall, Jr., of the Division of Police of the City of Berkeley, California at the instance of the Municipal Council of Medford.
The scientific analytical recapitulative digest of the entire Beall survey document disclosed qualified scientific recommendations for the complete reorganization of the Division of Police, but during the intervening two years, inclusive of the deplorable incident in which one Lester W. Hurley, age sixty-two years, a World War veteran of World War One and a member of Camp White, who became deceased as of July 14th, 1953 after being confined in the Medford city jail over the weekend as of July 11th and July 12th, 1953, without the necessary medical attention; no definite follow-through in the implementation of the recommendations of the Beall survey document, major in nature, except in a few minor instances obtains, although the recommendations as indicated were reported as having been unanimously adopted by the City Council.
However, after the intervening two years, suddenly the unfortunate Hurley death commands the public attention of the law-abiding citizenry, and at the instance of an honest and fearless newspaper (the Medford Mail Tribune) commendable of the respect and confidence of the citizenry and that of good government, directs the public focalization of the cognizable facts on the municipal administration and that of the Division of Police and most specifically the chief executive officer of the division, and indeed justly so, and immediately subsequent thereof the Mayor and members of the City Council rush with a great play to the king's balcony in an obvious endeavor to cover their administrative failure of two years and that of their inefficiency and perfunctory stewardship of the municipal government, particularly so in the instance of the Division of Police, and especially so as to the utterly unqualified chief executive officer of the Division of Police.
Thus remain the stimulus factors to the tolerated mediums of vice and crime in the city of Medford.
To the further continuity of that of specific disclosures, commercialized prostitution is disclosed as practically nil in other sections of Jackson County, except for that of cocktail bar harlot solicitation, especially so since the aspects of supply and demand are centered within the city of Medford and most particularly to the fact that the city of Medford is the distribution center for the illicit procurement of commercialized prostitutes from Klamath Falls, Portland and San Francisco.
Specific Disclosures, Gambling Situation, Gambling DevicesRelative Comment: The scientific analytical recapitulation of the gambling situation as to that of gambling devices, embracing slot machines, pinball machines, dice machines, card machines, punchboards and kindred devices, controlled by the local illicit gambling syndicate, with ramifications extensive throughout Jackson County and extending to Klamath Falls, Yreka, California, Eugene, Oregon and that of Salem and Portland, discloses the local unlawful flagrancy, obviously under official protection, in Jackson County for the past fifteen years, and not until the election of the incumbent District Attorney did the situation change, and then only to the extent of removing slot machines, to storage in the majority of instances, with the gambling syndicate's conviction that the District Attorney will eventually through social and otherwise concerted cultivation tolerate clandestine and unlawful cooperation of slot machines and that of kindred devices. However, in a number of isolated instances, operators of questionable establishments who heretofore operated slot machines and other gambling devices for many years are of the definite opinion that in so long as the incumbent District Attorney remains in office there will be no lucrative abound [sic] of slot machines and that of other gambling devices or other forms of gambling tolerated. I am likewise of the same opinion.
To the continuant fact: The disclosures established the fact that the illicit and clandestine operation of slot machines in particular flagrantly were in operation throughout that of all Jackson County in the numerous establishments as herein indicated, and in approximately ninety percent of the five-point check of cultivation of such resorts the slot machines were stored in rear rooms and in the homes of the proprietors; the majority were stored in local storage warehouses, while otherwise, with few exceptions, the major private clubs continued to operate in strict defiance of the law and the edict of the District Attorney.
Gambling Devices, Slot Machines, Pinball Machines and Kindred Devices, Licensed by Federal Government:
Relative Comment: The following listed establishments are licensed by the federal government to engage in the operation of gambling or gambling devices, and by so doing are in the illicit violation of the gambling laws of the state of Oregon.
The list is specifically mastheaded as "Jackson County Federal Tax on Gaming Devices," and was provided by the District Attorney on my request, and is effective inclusive to October 16, 1951. Current request indicated the additional list, bringing the list up to date for the years of 1952 and 1953 would be provided as of August 1, 1953 to the District Attorney by the proper authoritative source, I believe by the Attorney General of the state of Oregon.
To the continuant fact: It is of specific significance in the overall evaluation of the gambling device racket to note that the federal licensed gambling establishments, as indicated herein, are consistently in evidence throughout Jackson County, and I am at this time unofficially cognizant that the complete up-to-date list of that of the federal tax on gaming devices will not only embrace the listings as herein indicated, but will reveal new licensed establishments operating throughout the county. All federal taxed gaming devices establishments, as well as all other such establishments operating gambling devices, received extensive survey coverage to determine the approximate true status in quo, and in fact many other establishments that registered lawful and legitimate enterprise.
Gambling Device Establishments, Federal Tax Listings, Alphabetized Arrangement:
American Legion Club, Post Number Fifteen. Federal gaming tax. 414 Main Street, Medford, Oregon. Reported as operating slot machines and pinball machines and a stud poker game. Confirmation not possible.
At-Last-A-Lunch, Trail, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Pinball machines. Owners: Leo E. and Gladys Tuttle.
Ashland Recreational Center, 30 South First Street, Ashland, Oregon. No listing federal gaming tax. Minors gambling on pinball machines. Bowling alleys.
Brown's Billiard Parlor, 18 North Front Street. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Reported same in storage. Gambling on pinball machines. Owners: Bert L. Cook and Mark A. Goldy. Resorted to by criminal characters, pimps, narcotic peddlers and addicts, particularly marijuana. Investigative leads: cultivate through taxicab drivers.
Bud and Lucille Cafe, 1182 Court Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Pinball machines operating. Owners: M. E. and Lucille Fisher.
Bohemian Club, 347 East Main Street, Ashland, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but is confidentially reported that two machines are stored in rear room. Gambling on pinball machines is very flagrant. This establishment is one of the most vicious and unlawfully operated dives in all of Jackson County, and is indeed operating under official collusion and graft.
It is resorted to by loggers, truck drivers and a very low moral element of the laboring class, male and female, also by commercialized prostitutes, homosexual degenerates, pimps, narcotic addicts and peddlers, and has been the scene of numerous brawls, and usually on Friday and Saturday nights the entire atmosphere soon develops into a voluptuous stimulus of sexual inclination and drunken bedlam of Billingsgate profanity, quite audible far into the street.
To the continuant fact: As of Tuesday, July 21st, 1953, at approximately 9:15 p.m. the survey contact suddenly interrupted in the men's lavatory, located to the rear left in the establishment, an act of homosexual penis-mouth copulation by two obviously intoxicated male patrons, an unusual act under the circumstances, but indeed typical of the revolting character of the place.
Further, it is strongly indicated that this establishment is bootlegging illicit liquor over the bar by the drink. Investigated lead: Proper authoritative procedure by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission could accomplish the legal closing of this establishment without great difficulty. Owner: William H. Hampton, Oregon Hotel, 68½ East Main Street, Ashland, Oregon.
Barkley's Tavern, Phoenix, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but did have two in operation before the new District Attorney was elected. This establishment is bootlegging illicit liquor, and the gambling on pinball machines is quite pronounced. Commercialized prostitutes resort to this establishment, especially on Friday and Saturday night. Strong indications of illicit sale of marijuana. Owner: J. P. Hartsook.
Bohemian Club Beer Parlor, number 10 South Fir Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machine in evidence. Indications that two machines were in operation before the election of new District Attorney. Gambling of pinball machines in evidence. Definitely bootlegging illicit liquor. Owner: A. K. Morse.
Brown's Cafe, 101 East Main Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Owner: A. C. Leighton.
Bridge Cafe and Tavern, Box 263, Rogue River, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but one slot machine is reported as in storage and on occasions is operated hidden from view in the tavern. This establishment is resorted to by a very rough element, and is suspected of bootlegging illicit liquor to patrons personally known to the management. Owner: F. Kiser and Ula L. Owsley.
Barbecue Grill, 201 West Main Street, Medford, Oregon. No federal gaming tax in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines.
Cook's Reception, 66 East Main Street, Ashland, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Strong indications of bootlegging. Owners: Earnest G. and Kathleen Childreth and Gerald L. and Marie Bishop.
Crater Cafe, 309 North Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Owners: H. D. and Inez Cusick.
Coffee Pot Drive Inn, 1132 North Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Owners: J. W. McDuffie and Joe W. McDuffie, Jr.
Corner Club, The, First and Pine Street, Central Point, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but confidentially disclosed that until the new District Attorney was elected, three slot machines were in concealed operation. Gambling on pinball machines is quite pronounced, especially during the weekend. Bootlegging is in definite evidence. This establishment is resorted to by disreputable individuals, criminal characters [and] commercialized prostitutes, and usually on Friday and Saturday nights the atmosphere is that of vulgar drunken debauch and has been the scene of a number of brawls. Owners: Paul W. Hopkins and Richard F. Arndt.
Chungking Inn, 28 North Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines found in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. This establishment is resorted to habitually by known opium and narcotic addicts and small narcotic peddlers. It is further strongly indicated as a major narcotic distribution source with that of San Francisco, Klamath Falls and Portland illicit connections. Also it is obviously conducted as Chinese lottery with extensive runner ramifications, embracing all of southern Oregon.
To the continuant fact: From all disclosures and indications, this establishment has for many years operated under official collusive protection and graft.
It is further resorted to by known commercialized prostitutes, pimps and procurers, and that of female sexual perverts. Owners: Wallace Wong and Jack Fong.
Investigative leads: It will require months of careful planning and investigation through scientifically directed undercover and stool pigeon implementation by that of honest detective application to obtain the evidence.
The principals of this establishment are very sagacious and resourceful and no doubt protected through many illicit attorney and corrupt political ramifications locally.
Dutch Guss Cafe, Highway Ninety-Nine, Route One Box 55, Ashland, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Reported he has two slot machines stored in a room of his place. Gambling on pinball machine. Disclosed confidentially that a stud poker and blackjack game is operating in blacked-out room to the right of the main entrance as you enter. On the door of the room in question is a small sign, reading "Keep Out," and it is through this door that the field observations of the survey application have detected on five occasions during the after dark hours patrons entering and leaving the room. This room is entirely blacked out as to the outside windows, and no light is to be seen except only when the door is briefly opened. Owners: Clifford C. and Virginia G. Myers.
This establishment is strongly suspected of bootlegging illicit liquor and is resorted to by disreputable characters, especially women of questionable character.
Dardanelles Dinner House and Cocktail Lounge, Old Stage Road ¼ of a mile south of Gold Hill. No slot machine or pinball machine in evidence. Small cocktail lounge to right of main dining room. Indications: possible bootlegging illicit liquor, otherwise orderly and respectable.
Elks Club Number 944, 255 East Main Street, Ashland, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. Variously reported that sixteen slot machines and several pinball machines are in daily operation in flagrant violation of the law, and that the management has stated that they do not intend to conform to the requirements of the law, nor that of any order of the District Attorney.
Confirmation of the exact number of slot machines and pinball machines operating was not possible, due to the non-member status of the survey contact; however, the authenticity of the fact is fully established through channeled confidential cultivated membership of the club.
Elks Club, 202 North Central Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. Reported nine slot machines and five pinball machines daily in operation without any fear of the law enforcement agencies or the District Attorney. Confirmation of the number of gambling devices was not feasible, but the cultivative processes of the survey application as to contact with numerous members strongly indicated that such gambling devices are operating in defiance of the law.
Eagles Hall, 217 West Main Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. This local organization is reported as having four slot machines and three pinball machines in operation. Cultivation of members information channeled through confidential, privileged communication sources appears to confirm the information as factual.
Fourth Wheel Bar, 31 South Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but was operating four concealed slot machines before the election of District Attorney Nunley. Slot machines were stored in local warehouse; unable to follow through to location. Pinball machine gambling is flagrant, also from time to time stud poker games and other illicit games are nightly in evidence.
This establishment is resorted to by known professional gamblers and shills and likewise has numerous cappers inveigling unsuspecting individuals into the games, and [they] are invariably swindled of their money. Particularly, the cappers make contact with many mill workers, loggers and truckers, especially on their paydays. Survey contact observation of the games on numerous occasions discloses that the usual procedure is to endeavor to induce the patron player to have a few drinks of liquor, which almost invariably is in evidence, and ultimately becomes in just the right stage of intoxication to be easily swindled. Bootlegging is in evidence.
To the continuant fact: This establishment is resorted to by commercialized prostitutes, who resort to solicitation at the bar and are obviously operating in collusion with the management as a drink sale stimulus medium, with the usual cutback percent for the harlot.
Further: This establishment is a definite rendezvous for the nauseous scum of humanity, homosexual degenerates, male and female, and that of criminal characters, ex-convicts, pimps and procurers, and especially known narcotic addicts and peddlers.
Disreputable resorts such as this are never tolerated and permitted to operate in any community, unless there is a definite official payoff of graft for the usual operating protection. Owner: Joseph Curtis Barnes not only operates the Fourth Wheel Bar, but is engaged in the real estate business with an office in the same establishment, and it is indicated that he is not a member of the Medford Realty Board.
Investigative leads: The initial approach in this instance should be with respect to the illicit sale of narcotics and that of white slavery. It will require several months of careful scientific detective procedure and that of mediums of very judicious cultivation.
Four Corners Corral, 5011 Crater Lake Highway, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines, every indication of bootlegging whiskey. Owner: James Collins Hayes.
Gold Nugget Tavern, North Pacific Highway, Gold Hill, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, but was confidentially informed two slot machines were operated in concealed section of the tavern. Flagrant gambling on pinball machines resorted to by commercialized prostitutes and disreputable characters. Indication [of] sale of marijuana. Owner: Fairman and Doris W. Connell. Definitely bootlegging illicit whiskey.
Gold Hill Hotel and Tavern, across tracks from North Pacific Highway, Gold Hill, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. One secretly concealed slot machine is operated in the rear partitioned room of the barroom. The slot machine usually is concealed under the counter of the extension of the bar proper and is placed on the top of bar to known patrons, while otherwise if a stranger enters the front door the slot machine is quickly concealed.
Gambling on pinball machines is very flagrant. This establishment is indeed a vicious bootlegging resort, and the patrons are generally of a very low moral order, and on Saturday nights usually commercialized prostitutes of the very lowest in the category of sexual perversion frequent the place, along with disreputable characters, narcotic addicts and pimps. It is strongly indicated that the management is resorting to the illicit sale of narcotics.
The entire atmosphere of the place, especially on Saturday nights, soon develops into a vexatious, revolting bedlam of drunken debauch, with salacious aspects that soon disclosed the upper hotel rooms were obviously being resorted to for the purpose of sexual relations. Owners: William and Evelyn Trow, Box 545, Gold Hill, Oregon.
Greyhound Tavern, 101 East Main Street, Ashland, Oregon. No federal gaming tax in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Definitely bootlegging illicit liquor. Strongly suspected [of] selling liquor to youths in their late teens.
This establishment is resorted to by a very low class of patrons, and that of known narcotic addicts and youths in their late teens. The proprietor is definitely indicated as a narcotic addict and a possible homosexual degenerate.
As of Friday evening, August 21st, 1953, at approximately 8:45 p.m., five youths in their late teens were observed gambling on the pinball machines, and from time to time would request change from the management, and most obviously the management was fully cognizant of the fact that they were gambling. No "over-the-counter payoff" by the management in this instance was observed, but it is confidentially disclosed that the usual procedure in this place is that of management direct payoff to the winning patron. Only two pinball machines were located in the place, and no slot machines were disclosed as in evidence. It is confidentially reported, however, that prior to the election of the honorable Walter D. Nunley as that of District Attorney, three slot machines were in operation in the very large room to the left rear of the establishment.
To the continuant fact: As of August 21, 1953, at approximately 9:15 p.m., the survey contact entered the large room in the northeast section of the Greyhound Tavern, and three illicit stud poker games were in full play with all tables fully occupied, and inclusive of loitering patrons waiting for a seat at the tables there were twenty-three individuals in the room. It was observed that each gaming table had one or more professional gamblers and shills sitting in on the game. Further, it was observed on two occasions drinks that obviously were intoxicating beverages were served by the management.
During any period of time that the games are in operation the management maintains a lookout who usually may be observed standing in the front door entrance, either within or out on the sidewalk. This precautionary measure is obviously not of any fear of the local police or the Sheriff's Department, but rather that of the Office of District Attorney or the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, and quite possibly that of the federal authorities. It is quite obvious that this disreputable establishment operates under collusive official protection.
Green's Confectionery, 100 West Main Street, Medford, Oregon. No federal gaming tax in evidence. This establishment is resorted to by high school and college students, as well as teenage girls and boys, and on three occasions youths in their late teens, as of July 11th, 1953, at 7:25 p.m. and August 7th and on August 26th, 1953 were observed gambling on pinball machines, but no indications that a direct payoff was made by the management. However, the payoff to winning patrons is usually made by the management by a prearranged plan in a clandestine manner after the patron has ceased to play the machine. On occasion patrons will gamble among themselves, and quite often usually teenage youths will play the machines for amusement only, but they almost invariably demand the payoff from the management if they command a winning number.
To the continuant fact: This establishment is resorted to by commercialized prostitutes, pimps and procurers, especially procurers of young girls in their late teens, for the white slave traffic. Concrete intelligence is in evidence to the District Attorney as to local procurer attempts, cultivating through after-hours prostitutes, to induce young girls to enter the atmosphere of commercialized prostitution.
In one recent instance [omission] the intelligence of the District Attorney, it was disclosed that a waitress employed in a major Medford hotel dining room was endeavoring to induce a seventeen-year-old girl to enter the call girl prostitution racket, and the waitress in question was immediately placed under the survey surveillance intelligence, and in due season was disclosed as resorting to Green's Confectionery for her contacts. With very rare exceptions, female procurers are front cultivative contact mediums for the professional male procurer and not infrequently are the lawful wife of the procurer.
An attractive, vivacious girl in her late teens, if she can be placed in an ostentatious brothel, commanding one hundred dollars for an act of fornication or assigned to a swanky call girl prostitution racket, the procurer commands usually from two thousand to five thousand dollars for his victim.
To the continuant fact: Green's Confectionery is also indicated as a rendezvous for narcotic addicts and peddlers, particularly that of marijuana, and likewise as a probable distribution medium of narcotics and that of probable bootlegging. Reported owners, unconfirmed, are J. T. Dallaire and J. J. Patton.
Investigative leads: Development of concrete evidence and successful prosecution will require weeks of careful scientific planning and cultivation, and in the accomplishment you will not be able to effectively command the necessary close coordination and that of cooperation of the local law enforcement agencies.
Hi-Way, The, 12 North Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Definitely bootlegging illicit whiskey.
Jackson Hotel, Palomino Room Cocktail Lounge, 108 East Eighth Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines in the lounge and the lobby of the hotel. Strong indications of bootlegging. Resorted to by commercialized after-hours harlots and pimps.
Jacksonville Club, Third and California streets, Jacksonville, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Reported confidentially that before the incumbent District Attorney was elected that two slot machines were in concealed operation at all times during the business hours. Gambling on pinball machines is in evidence nightly. No commercialized prostitutes were disclosed in the place at any time during the course of the survey application. Owners: C. P. McBeth and Heber E. Bowser. Definitely bootlegging illicit whiskey.
Log Cabin Tavern, 41 North Main Street, Ashland, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Flagrant gambling on four pinball machines. Definitely bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by commercialized prostitutes, who were indicated as employed by the management as stimulus mediums of over-the-bar drinks. Owner: Eugene Seitz.
Lulu's Cafe and Tavern, California Street, Jacksonville, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Flagrant gambling on pinball machines. Indicated bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by after-hours harlots, especially on Friday and Saturday night.
Maid Rite Sandwich Shop, 145 South Central Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. Gambling pinball machine.
Medford Hotel, Cocktail Lounge, 406 West Main Street, Medford, Oregon. No federal gaming tax indicated. No slot machines in evidence. Two pinball machines, nightly gambling on same. Indications of bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by after-hours prostitutes, with indications of female bar shills operating on a percent cut [of] patron drinks.
Mon Desir Dining Inn, Central Point, Oregon. No federal gaming tax in evidence. No slot machines in evidence, but was reported before the new District Attorney Nunley was elected that five slot machines were in nightly operation in rear room off the cocktail bar; was not feasible to determine if said slot machines were stored in rear room. No pinball machines were disclosed as in operation. Slot machines were reported as removed by the slot machine gambling syndicate.
The owner of this establishment stated that he did have a number of slot machines operating until Nunley was elected, but removed them immediately when Nunley ordered all gambling devices removed, and that he does not intend to have any character of gambling devices operating in his establishment in the future, since he has a very lucrative cocktail lounge and dining room business and intends to keep it so and abide by the provisions of the law to the letter and maintain his establishment in a respectable manner, that he commands the business of the respectable citizenry of the county and does not want the business of the riffraff.
The five-point check cultivation processes of the survey application disclosed no bootlegging and that of disreputable characters or the toleration of cocktail bar prostitutes, pimps, sex degenerates, narcotic addicts and peddlers, and under the present day conception is classified as respectable. No sale of liquor to juveniles was at any time indicated, and the atmosphere was at all times during the course of the survey application disclosed as entirely orderly and dignified.
Mill Cafe, 357 Pacific Highway, Central Point, Oregon. No federal gaming tax in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines.
North Riverside Cafe, 1701 North Riverside Drive, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Owners: H. J. and Ruth S. Straus and H. H. and Vera Walter.
Rogue Valley Country Club, Hillcrest Road, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. It was reliably disclosed that previous to the election of District Attorney Nunley that for a number of years slot machines were operated in this club in the room designated as the slot machine gambling room with the inscription on the door "For Members Only," which operation was in strict violation of the state gambling law, likewise a very pretentious bingo game was operated, usually every Thursday night.
These two illicit gambling mediums, as reported, netted the club approximately thirty-nine thousand dollars annually, with an approximate comparable computation received by the slot machine and otherwise gambling controlling combinations of the community, which obviously channeled the probable official graft to the immediate recipient sources.
The cultivative processes and the direct membership contact within the actual club structure and otherwise within the community through the survey application revealed the fact that the majority of the reputable membership were indeed opposed to the club being established as a gambling casino. At this current period the club has been reestablished as [a] lawful and legitimate establishment, except in the instance of the coterie of influential minority proponents of the slot machine gambling racket, who are contemplating the possible control of the Office of District Attorney in the distant future.
Ninety and Nine Tavern, 1258 South Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence, gambling flagrant on pinball machines, resorted to by after-hours prostitutes, pimps, homosexual degenerates, male and female, and that of known narcotic addicts, and is bootlegging illicit whiskey. Is strongly suspected of the sale of marijuana, and has been the scene of a number of drunken brawls as of this year. Owners: Lucille M. and O. P. Prewitt.
Owl Club, 32 North Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Heavy gambling on slot machines [sic] and otherwise. Bootlegging illicit whiskey and is resorted to by pimps and procurers and has a number of bar prostitutes, obviously working the bar drinks for unsuspecting patrons. This establishment appears to have a number of street cappers who resort to the technique of contacting Camp White veterans on their paydays and inveigling them into various mediums of intoxication and ultimately fleecing them of their money.
This is indeed a most vicious and damnable situation, and its toleration is the iniquitous shame of the city of Medford. Corrective application obviously cannot become an accomplished fact until such time as the legislative and administrative branches of the municipal government are completely revamped and the Division of Police is purged of collusive ramifications and reestablished as a scientific policing organization of the municipal government.
This likewise is applicable to the Sheriff's Division in the sense that the Office of District Attorney must essentially command the honest, concerted cooperation not only of the Sheriff's Division but that as in this instance the Division of Police of the municipality of Medford, and the Division of State Police, which at this current period most certainly cannot be anticipated, particularly as to the Division of Police of the municipality of Medford.
If I may reiterate, while the District Attorney is legally empowered in the enforcement of the law, to at all times resort to mediums of policing procedure within his immediate jurisdiction and direction, where it is deemed pertinently expedient and feasible in the immediate and ultimate accomplishment, the fact remains in the primary sense he is not legally expected to police the incorporated and that of the unincorporated areas of the county; however, not infrequently, due to the failure of collusive grafting and politically corrupt law enforcement agencies, such as sheriff's departments and those of divisions of police of the municipalities and kindred agencies, it becomes of paramount importance that on occasion he is impelled to resort to direct policing procedure, such as is vitally necessary at this time in Jackson County, and most especially in the incorporated communities, and indeed the municipality of Medford.
To the continuant fact: O. E. Pastime Club, 368 Second Street, Gold Hill, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines. Bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by after-hours prostitutes. Owner: Elay Ray Davis.
Omar's Steak and Chicken House and Cocktail Lounge, 1380 Siskiyou Blvd., Ashland, Oregon. No gambling devices of any character. No bootlegging of illicit liquor and no minors permitted in the cocktail lounge, and no resorting thereto by known prostitutes in any illicit category, and no homosexual or otherwise sexual degenerates were at any time observed as resorting to the cocktail bar, nor any narcotic addicts or peddlers were disclosed in the establishment.
This establishment was at all times disclosed as unusually orderly, and no sale of liquor to individuals obviously in a definite state of intoxication was observed. The survey application check embraced a fourteen-point check at different hours and on different nights.
Special Attention: The establishments as indicated herein were disclosed as unlawful resorts, embracing definite aspects of that of gambling on pinball machines and otherwise in the instance of illicit card games, bootlegging illicit whiskey, rendezvous for commercialized and after-hours prostitutes, pimps, homosexual and otherwise sexual degenerates, criminal characters, ex-convicts, cappers and shills, narcotic addicts and peddlers and procurers of harlots.
Owl Club, 38 North Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Owner: Max Kulbe. See "Special Attention," [above].
Otto's Club, 39 South [Front] Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Owner: Merle Guches. See "Special Attention," [above].
The Pastime Club, 22 North Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Owners: Frank and Helen Mosse. See "Special Attention," [above].
Pine Cone Inn, 17 South Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Owner: Pine Cone Inn Inc. See "Special Attention," [above].
Miscellaneous Unlawful EstablishmentsWhistle Stop, 226 North Front Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Gambling on pinball machine. Owner: Betty O'Brian Bourn.
Talent Club, 114 Old Pacific Highway, Talent, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Gambling on pinball machines. Indications of bootlegging. Owners: John R. Burdell and Charles L. Schuler.
Sportsman Tavern, south side Main Street, Gold Hill, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines.
Pioneer Club, 205 Pine Street, Central Point, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines. Gambling on pinball machines. Definite indications of bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by commercialized prostitutes and marijuana peddlers. Reported as the scene of several brawls. Owner: Ed. Colpitts.
Shack Cafe, 318 East Main Street, Medford, Oregon. Definitely bootlegging. Recently reopened under new management from Grants Pass, Oregon. Resorted to by after-hours prostitutes and that of homosexual degenerates, male and female. Definite indications of the illicit sale of narcotics. Known pimps and procurers of girls for houses of prostitution.
Valley Billiard Parlor, Central Point, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machines.
Union Club, 126 West Main Street, Medford, Oregon. Federal gaming tax. No slot machines in evidence. Strongly suspected of bootlegging. Resorted to by criminal characters and after-hours prostitutes.
Tabu Dinner House and Cocktail Bar, 305 South Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machine. Definite indications of bootlegging illicit whiskey. Resorted to by after-hours prostitutes. Reported waitresses are after-hours prostitutes. Numerous known pimps are resorting to this establishment as a rendezvous, likewise narcotic addicts. Strong indications that the sale of heroin and marijuana is in evidence in this place. Investigative lead: It will require weeks of careful cultivation of the management, as they are very suspicious and not dumb. The conventional procedure of stool-pigeon approach will utterly fail. The approach should be indeed quite pretentious with a few dinner parties, reflecting money, followed by the gradual process of friendly cultivation of the hostess and substantial gratuities for the waitresses and particularly the bartender. The application will be quite expensive, but if the procedure is expert and scientific it should be quite a success and not an abortive dream.
Ted's Place, Pool Room, California Street, Jacksonville, Oregon. No slot machines in evidence. Gambling on pinball machine concealed from public view in rear of place behind partition immediately facing the front door as you enter the establishment. Definitely bootlegging and strongly suspected of the direct sale of heroin and marijuana. Known narcotic addicts are reported as habitually resorting to this establishment.
Kim's Restaurant (Chinese), 2321 South Pacific Highway, Medford, Oregon. No slot machines in evidence. No pinball machines in evidence. Strongly suspected of the sale of opium and heroin. Indications this establishment is connected with the ramifications of the Chinese lottery syndicate, and that lottery runners are operating out from the Kim establishment.
J. N. Cafe (Chinese), 229 South Front Street, Medford, Oregon. No slot machines in evidence or pinball machines. Definite indications of the sale of narcotics, especially in the instance of female addicts. Obviously connected with the Chinese lottery syndicate. Investigative leads: No ordinary stool-pigeon or undercover operator application will enable the development of concrete evidence, nor will the Office of District Attorney be enabled to accomplish the apprehension independently, especially since the status in quo of the office at this time will not judiciously warrant the modus operandi, particularly so since the local law enforcement agencies of the county and those of the municipalities cannot be considered as veracious; therefore, it will become necessary to enlist the cooperation of the federal and state authorities, and up to a point the State Police.
Valentine's Restaurant and Cocktail Lounge, Number 3, South Riverside Avenue, Medford, Oregon. No slot machines and no gambling. Indications of the sale of illicit whiskey (drinks over the bar). Resorted to by after-hours prostitutes and pimps and homosexual degenerates. It has been repeatedly observed during the course of the survey application that the so-called high-class after-hours prostitutes and the well-dressed and refined-appearing homosexual degenerates invariably resort to the more pretentious establishments, and the same individuals are frequently observed in the various establishments in this particular category, especially Valentine's. Birds of fine feathers (male and female) are usually disclosed in the same atmosphere. Homosexual degenerates and otherwise sexual perverts are to be found in all professions and social positions in life, and indeed as inconceivable as it may suggest, the after-hours and commercialized harlots not infrequently are disclosed in the same atmosphere of life.
Ballrooms and Dance Halls,Rogue River Ballroom, one mile south on Pacific Highway, near fairgrounds, Medford, Oregon. The survey coverage discloses the conditions as follows: It is definitely stimulus of juvenile delinquency, embracing aspects of teenage (male and female) intoxication, sexual copulation, teenage girls with adult men as well as acts of perversion in sexual embrace. These acts usually were disclosed as in parked in automobiles, while not infrequently were observed in position on the ground beside automobiles as well as in standing positions and otherwise too numerous to mention.
Contributory Factors to Juvenile Delinquency and Crime
Frequent observation disclosed drunken sexual debauch in automobiles, as to teenage individuals, as well as adults, and in a number of instances where teenage girls and boys were disclosed, the unmistakable aroma of the smoke of the narcotic marijuana was indeed in evidence, and on one occasion the audible conversation in an automobile disclosed that the occupants were out of reefers (cigarettes) of marijuana and were pooling their money to purchase reefers, which was accomplished within minutes since one of the occupants left the automobile and quickly returned and remarked, "Here! Divide them."
In the cheap cafe immediately connected with the main ballroom there are a number of booths for patrons [which] are usually occupied by teenage girls and boys on the dance nights of the week. These girls were determined in age from approximately fourteen to seventeen years, and in the majority of instances were between fourteen and fifteen years of age and usually resorted to the ballroom unaccompanied by a male escort and expected to be contacted by a dance partner during the course of the evening; however, late in the survey application confidential information disclosed that the majority of these teenage girls were without doubt employed by the ballroom management secretly as that of dance partners, regardless of the age of the male dance partner, adult or otherwise.
In the ultimate analysis of this situation, it was disclosed that approximately sixty-five percent ratio of the female dancers are teenage and otherwise in the instance of the male dancers the approximate percent ratio is forty-nine as to the male teenage dancers. I cannot evaluate a greater contributory factor to that of juvenile delinquency and that of mediums of vice and crime than the licentious and nauseous atmosphere of this establishment.
At no time during the course of the survey application was it disclosed that the ballroom or cafe management were guilty of bootlegging intoxicating liquor in the establishment, but the flagrancy of the bootlegging on the outside was definitely disclosed as pronounced and vicious, since it was obvious teenage girls and boys could obtain intoxicating liquor from bootleggers in parked automobiles, and the ratio of intoxicated individuals, usually after the midnight hours, teenage and adults was indeed noticeable in evidence.
To the continuant fact: As of September 7th, 1953, 9:15 p.m. (the dance usually starts at 10:00 p.m.), a bootlegger in a new automobile ([license?] number confidentially to the District Attorney) with two very attractive teenage girls in the front seat, was detected filling what appeared to be pint legitimate whiskey bottles from a larger bottle. The girls in question were observed at 10:20 entering the ballroom, and the inside survey contact disclosed that they were making contact with teenage girls and boys, as well as a few adults; they appeared to be well known to the ticket taker at the entrance and numerous patrons and employees of the establishment. The modus operandi was obviously selling liquor by the drink in the ladies' lounge or elsewhere in places of concealment, and outside during intermissions.
To the continuant fact: The Rogue Valley Ballroom commands no official regulations or supervision of the public morals, and is indeed a definite stimulus of vice and crime and that of juvenile drunken and sexual debauch, as well as to that of adults and teenage brawls, the illicit sale of narcotics & whiskey, and is potentially contributory to traffic hazards, automobile fatalities and accidents.
It is a menace to the public health and morals and that of the community welfare and good. It is indeed an obvious firetrap, and in the instance of a conflagration or sudden catastrophe the loss of life could well be appalling. The structural physical condition of the building is indeed a public hazard to life, and the entire structure should be immediately condemned not only for this reason, but for the facts as otherwise herein disclosed; it should at least be permanently closed to the public.
The Te Pee Dance Hall, 2604 Merriman Road. This dance hall is embraced within the same contributory factor to juvenile delinquency, and that as a stimulus medium of vice and crime and the potentialities of traffic hazards and that of automobile accidents and fatalities, and most particularly as to teenage intoxication and sexual debauch and the illicit sale of narcotics and bootlegging, with the particular exception that the flagrancy ratio percent in the scientific analytical recapitulation is disclosed as approximately fifty-nine percent less than in the instance of the Rogue Valley Ballroom.
The Dreamland Ballroom, 417 East Main Street, Medford, Oregon discloses a ratio percent of eighty-seven less in its contributory aspects to that of juvenile delinquency, vice and crime, the potentialities of traffic hazards, automobile accidents and fatalities, teenage intoxication and sexual debauch, the illicit sale of narcotics and that of bootlegging, than in the instance of the Rogue Valley Ballroom. This fact is stimulus of the downtown location and mediums of automobile parking and motorized speed movement and policing application, also to the further fact the supervision and regulations by the management are more exacting and less inclined to the unlawful, and the patrons are of better moral quality, while in the instance of the Rogue Valley Ballroom commands the patrons of lower moral standards and greater inclinations to vice and crime.
CROSS-SECTIONAL POLL OF PUBLIC OPINION
SCIENTIFIC ANALYTICAL RECAPITULATION
Introductory Comment: Since the inception of the survey application, all aspects of the cross-sectional poll of public opinion have been confined specifically to the crime situation and stimulus mediums thereof throughout the entire county of Jackson and inclusive of all incorporated areas and such other pertinent subjects consistent to the accomplishment of the survey objectives.
The approach was daily perpetual, incognito and surreptitiously, apparently incidental in the cultivative contact with elements of the citizenry which is stimulus of free expression, scientifically and psychologically established as in the instance of stranger-citizenry contact.
To the continuant fact: The determinative approach as in this instance was of established scientific procedure and accredited expeditious authentication, therefore the disclosures herein will in the ultimate analysis be disclosed as entirely dependable and to quite some extent serve as a judicious medium of implementation in that of crime prevention, corrective application in ramifications of vice and crime, and that of collusive and corrupt political mediums of the illicit political spoils system that obviously obtained for so many years in Jackson County.
To the continuant fact: The disclosures of the cross-sectional poll of public opinion as herein indicated leave no doubt as to the intelligent determination of the law-abiding citizenry that consistent and effective law enforcement and that of good government must prevail in Jackson County.
Specific Ratio Percent, Public Opinion Trend1. Ratio percent of eighty-seven discloses a pronounced determination of the citizenry that the law in Jackson County, and especially in the city of Medford, must and will be enforced through the orderly and effective procedure of judicious legal application, and the incumbent District Attorney is expected to resort to the official legal powers of his office in the effective accomplishment.
To the continuant fact: In the accomplishment the District Attorney will command the unqualified support of a determined and powerful citizenry, supplemented, most obviously, by the "Medford Mail Tribune."
2. Office of District Attorney: Ratio percent of eighty-nine discloses the citizenry desirous that the Office of District Attorney be established on a consistent basis with that of efficiency and systematization and that of functional true economy, comparable with the progress and expansion of the civil community, enabling the expeditious disposition of the criminal and legal business of the office.
3. Coordination and Systematization, Departmental Divisions, County Government: Ratio percent of seventy-seven of pronounced determination that the office of Sheriff coordinate its efforts and cooperate with the Office of District Attorney consistently in all matters of crime prevention and that of efficient law enforcement.
Relative comment: The analysis of this subject discloses a definite trend of the citizenry that the electorate in the incorporated and unincorporated areas of the county, especially within the city of Ashland and particularly that of the city of Medford, consider their respective governments as business institutions of the people, and they intend to maintain them as such rather than mediums of corrupt collusive political ramifications, stimulus of the political spoils system, and most definitely indicative the next city and county elections will indeed present some very surprisingly new public officials.
4. Gambling Devices, Slot Machines and Pinball Machines, Kindred Devices and Conventional Gambling, Law Enforcement: Ratio percent of ninety-one a very definite determination of the citizenry that the law be strictly enforced, particularly as to slot machines and especially in the instance of pinball machines, as well as all other forms of gambling ramifications. There are approximately three hundred pinball machines in operation throughout Jackson County, inclusive of all incorporated areas, while the survey coverage disclosed a field count of two hundred and sixty-eight pinball machines, of which a ratio percent of seventy-two of such devices were resorted to for the purpose of illicit gambling.
It is certain, as is reflected within the ratio percent of public opinion, that these machines are doomed to local abolition, and it is reasonable to assume that all such devices are resorted to for the express purpose of gambling, and not for innocent adult amusement, as the distribution factors of these gambling devices would have an unsuspecting phlegmatic and gullible citizenry believe.
5. Murderous Banks Affair, Repetitious Aspects: Ratio percent of ninety-nine indicates that the citizenry, particularly of the municipality of Medford, and generally throughout Jackson County, do not want another murderous Banks affair, which was obviously stimulus of the breakdown of law enforcement, not only within the municipality of Medford, but indeed throughout Jackson County.
6. Municipality of Medford, Division of Politics, Mayor and City Council: Ratio percent of ninety-two discloses that a new form of municipal government for Medford should be adopted as soon as is legally feasible with the following inclusions: new city charter, commission-manager form of government ratio percent of sixty-five; that the incumbent city council be recalled, ratio percent of fifty-seven; that a complete grand jury investigation be made of the entire structural system of municipality, particularly as to violations of the city charter, and that of feasible mediums of official irregularities and graft, ratio percent of seventy-seven; that an entirely new city council be elected, as may be legally feasible and consistent, ratio percent of forty-nine; that the Civil Service System with modern pension provisions for all municipal employees, inclusive of all departmental divisions of the government, be adopted as soon as is legally feasible.
7. Division of Police, Chief Executive Officer, Current Bobbitt Police Investigation: Ratio percent of ninety-one that the chief executive officer of the Division of Police be immediately retired from the service on pension or discharged; ratio percent of eighty-eight chief executive officer of the division does not command proper public respect and confidence and that he is not qualified to command the division; ratio percent of ninety-three that the Division of Police is highly inefficient, perfunctory in its policing of the community and does not command public respect and confidence.
Ratio percent of seventy-four with no implication as to Mr. Bobbitt, that the current police investigation is an utter waste of public funds and is without public confidence and will not command the cooperation of the citizenry or enable police corrective application under the present municipal regime.
8. Ratio percent of eighty-eight, highly commendable of the Medford Mail Tribune throughout all of Jackson County and in particular the city of Medford, for the exceptional and courageous journalistic accomplishments in the determination to assist in maintaining good government and to achieve honest law enforcement and to force corrective application in the corrupt Medford Division of Police.
Relative Comment: Particularly in this newspaper an exemplification of the true impartial spirit of free American journalism and its editorials most certainly reflect an uncontrolled press with indeed a publisher of consequence, who commands his psychological processes and refuses to subordinate his honorable principles of his duties to the public good, to the will of collusive, corrupt and grafting public officials.
9. County Grand Jury: Ratio percent of eighty commending the recent grand jury report as to the Lester Hurley death in the Medford city jail and the recommending of the discharge of the chief executive officer of the Division of Police. Also within the brackets of the ratio percent of eighty, a very pronounced sixty-two ratio percent are in favor of the recall of the entire Medford City Council, particularly councilmen Paul Selby and Stanley Jones.
Relative Comment: If the matter of the recall of the entire Medford Council Council should come to a referendum it would be adopted by a two-to-one majority.
10. Countywide Local Option, Liquor Situation, Jackson County: Ratio percent of seventy-seven pronounce determination favoring countywide local option for Jackson County in 1954.
Relative Comment: The scientific analytical recapitulation of the situation discloses the following stimulus factors:
A. The legal inception of the cocktail lounges or bars with drinks over the bar and the immediate stimulus of crime and of increased traffic hazards and automobile accidents and fatalities.
B. Definite stimulus factors to juvenile delinquency and the obvious increase of the consumption of intoxicating liquor by adults and teenage youths and particularly in the instance of the white collar worker and that of the laboring classes, particularly stimulus of cashing their paycheck at the bar and not infrequently spending too much for liquor, followed by varying degrees of intoxication to the neglect of family subsistence requirement and that of weekly trade payment obligations.
C. To the contributory aspects of the attraction of criminal elements, bar girl prostitutes, homosexual and otherwise sexual perverts, narcotic addicts and peddlers, to the various communities of the county in which cocktail bars have located and which have heretofore experienced decent and wholesome community atmosphere.
D. To stimulus mediums of cocktail bar brawls, conducive of serious injury and murder and that of holdup and robbery.
Relative Comment: Only recently, during the course of the survey the Tally Ho Restaurant and Cocktail Lounge, located on Highway Ninety-Nine near Ashland, in the main barroom (this establishment has two cocktail lounges) a very vicious and murderous assault occurred in which I am informed three individuals were severely beaten. This is typical of such brawls that have occurred in other cocktail bars throughout Jackson County and most certainly what may be expected in the future.
E. To further stimulus abominable aspects of the cocktail bars is the fact that on numerous occasions young children and teenage girls and boys in their early teens have been observed waiting in automobiles for the return of their drunken parents from the cocktail bars, and almost invariably they were locked in the automobile and in a number of instances were disclosed in front of cocktail bars long after the midnight hours.
F. It is obviously certain that when this matter comes to a referendum it will be adopted by the electorate in a three-to-one majority.
SCIENTIFIC ANALYTICAL RECAPITULATION
Introductory Comment: All recommendations indicated in this particular section are stimulus of the specific disclosures of the survey application and that of extensive mediums of scientific research and especially to all factual and potential aspects indicated by the analytical recapitulation.
The aspects of implementation are consistent with immediate and far-visioned planning in the application of judicious and effective corrective procedures in all instances of criminal ramifications as obtains in Jackson County and in maintaining an atmosphere of crime prevention, consistent and efficient law enforcement and that of good government.
In the evaluation of the wisdom of the recommendations herein, it is of paramount importance to appreciate the fact that the corrective aspects if adopted are stimulus mediums of true administrative economy to the taxpayer of Jackson County, and especially in the protection of life and property of the citizenry.
Recommendations herein embrace all sections of this document except in the instance where certain sections have individual recommendations.
1. Ballrooms and Dance Halls, County of Jackson, City of Medford, City of Ashland and All Incorporated and Unincorporated Areas of the County:
A. That the Commissioners of Jackson County and the city councils of all incorporated areas enact the following regulatory ordinances of all ballrooms and dance halls, with the following provisions:
1. That a commensurate high-level license fee be required, subject to immediate revocation for any infractions of the rules and regulations as may be indicated in the provisions of the ordinance.2. Gambling Devices, Slot Machines, Pinball Machines, Kindred Devices:
2. That the dance hours shall be from 9:00 p.m. to that of 12:00 midnight on any day of the week except that of Sunday, and there shall be no loud or unreasonable noise that may become a public nuisance to the peace, quiet and comfort of the immediate community.
3. That no person under the age of eighteen years shall be permitted to enter any ballroom or dance hall, and no female shall be permitted therein unescorted by a male companion, and there shall be no professional or otherwise dance floor girls employed by the management or otherwise permitted to operate therein. There shall be no issuance of pass-out checks [i.e., readmission tickets] during any intermission or otherwise.
4. No person intoxicated or under the obvious influence of liquor, or with liquor in their possession, shall be permitted in any ballroom or public dance hall, nor knowingly on the premises of the establishment.
That no liquor establishment, cocktail bar or otherwise establishment selling intoxicants shall be located in or on the premises of any ballroom or public dance hall.
5. That no license shall be issued to any applicant to operate a public ballroom or dance hall without first submitting to fingerprinting and photographing, and the clearance of same through the Federal Bureau of Investigation and that of the State of Oregon Bureau of Identification, after which if the record is cleared back for the period of fifteen years and the interim record reflects personal integrity, good morals and honorable citizenship, then the license may be granted, otherwise the license may not be issued.
This application should apply to all ballrooms and dance halls as to the operator, management and employees, now in operation and in the instance of the operator or owner, failure to qualify as to the clearance through the Federal Bureau of Investigation and that of the State of Oregon Bureau, the license should be immediately revoked, while in the instance of employees of the respective ballrooms and dance halls, if they should fail to qualify they should command immediate dismissal; failure of the management to effect their discharge forthwith would immediately require the revoking of the establishment's license.
6. Other provisions of the ordinance should embrace aspects of fire hazards, exits and entrance, mediums of public health, dance floor public morals, authoritative official dance floor supervision and effective in and outside dance hall policing.
In the instance of ballrooms and dance halls within the jurisdiction of Jackson County, the County Commissioners should authorize a matron supervisor for interior ballroom regulation and the policing medium to apply to [the] exterior and interior of the premises within the official jurisdiction of the Sheriff's Department. The ballroom management be required to compensate accordingly for the salary of supervisory and policing application.
7. That all ballroom and public dance hall parking areas immediately contiguous to the establishment proper, as well as the immediate dark recesses thereof, be adequately illuminated as an ordinance requirement in the issuance of a license of operation.
8. That the Rogue Valley Ballroom be immediately closed. This establishment is a definite menace to the public good and that of the public health and the life of its patrons, as well as a pronounced stimulus to juvenile delinquency and that of vice and crime. It is indeed inconceivable that this cesspool of vice and crime has been permitted to operate so long in this community within the official authority of the county government and especially since the property is owned by the county government, and I believe under an enabling act of the state legislature it is now licensed by the county school board.
B. [sic] That the District Attorney, consistent with feasible legal procedure, immediately proceed to effect the ultimate removal of all pinball machines throughout Jackson County, since the disclosures of this survey definitely establish the fact that every pinball machine in Jackson County, inclusive of the incorporated areas, is indeed an illicit gambling device and is controlled by established unlawful gambling combinations, some of which have Portland and Klamath Falls, Oregon and San Francisco, California gangster connection.
The crooked gambling syndicate in Jackson County has had their day, up through the years under obvious official protection until the recent election of the present District Attorney, and the only remaining hope for this lucrative field of gambling devices is the pinball machine, which the gambling interest would have the gullible public believe are nothing more than insignificant and innocent amusement devices, but in actual fact such devices are definite mediums of unlawful gambling with a very conservative analytical recapitulation of the annual gross illicit revenue from approximately three hundred pinball machines (the actual survey count is two hundred and eighty-eight) as that of seven hundred and forty-seven thousand and five hundred dollars fleeced from gullible individuals of Jackson County to the financial detriment of lawful business enterprise.
3. Juvenile Delinquency Situation, Corrective Application:
C. That a supreme effort should be made for the erection of a Jackson County Juvenile Detention Home immediately. The county jail is not the right answer. The situation is, if I may reiterate, viciously of appalling significance as to its utter flagrancy and damnable nauseous and iniquitous toleration of contributory factors, directly traceable to suggestive aspects of collusive and grafting public officials and that of the breakdown of law enforcement and indeed the phlegmatic status of public opinion of the survey application does indicate, however, there is a definite awakening of the citizenry, and all that is necessary at this time is a concerted group leadership, and I know of no more faithful and sincere and powerful community group than the exceptional and qualified clergy of Jackson County.
1. To the continuant fact: It is recommended that the clergy give consideration to the initial endeavor to accomplish a concerted countywide movement, embracing civic groups, church groups, school groups and such other interested factors, official and otherwise, in the juvenile delinquency corrective application, especially as to the initial movement in the establishment of a county juvenile detention home, which should be, in every respect, entirely modern.4. Liquor Situation, Corrective Application, Law Enforcement and that of Regulation:
The initial local focalization of effort in accomplishment should be the establishment of the juvenile delinquent home and in the second instance the effort of a concerted statewide group movement should command the necessary state legislative action to enable the adoption of a state of Oregon juvenile youth authority, as well as an adult authority patterned after the scientific and efficient California system
2. At such time as the county juvenile delinquent detention home becomes an accomplished fact, the selection of the superintendent or director should not be just another political appointment, but most definitely the selection should command an individual of qualified scientific training and experience in juvenile delinquency application. The compensation should essentially be commensurate with the qualified scientific ability of the individual employed and in the initial consideration no paradoxical inclinations or that of parsimonious conceptions should obtain.
D. That the following recommendations be given proper and immediate consideration, consistent with the feasible aspects of legal procedure:
1. That a county ordinance be immediately enacted prohibiting the employment of bar girls in any cocktail bar, tavern or other establishment where intoxicating liquor is served over the bar.
The employment of bar girls in cocktail bars is indeed flagrantly vicious through all of Jackson County and especially within the incorporated areas of the county.
These bar girls are with rare exceptions invariably commercialized prostitutes and are stimulus of vice and crime, and in numerous instances responsible for barroom brawls.
This ordinance should be adopted by all municipalities of Jackson County. Usually if the county enacts such an ordinance, the respective municipalities in due season will do likewise under determined citizenry pressure.
That a county ordinance be immediately enacted, consistent with the legal feasibility of the state law, to close all liquor establishments on Sunday from 12:00 midnight Saturday to that of 6:00 a.m. on Monday.
Such action will serve as a definite medium of crime prevention, and that of the prevention of automobile accidents and fatalities and indeed enable Sunday rest and recreational application, church attendance increase and better mediums of domestic home life and that of juvenile delinquency prevention and present Monday workers with adequate rest for their jobs.
OFFICE OF DISTRICT ATTORNEY
EFFICIENCY AND SYSTEMATIZATION COMPENSATION
ASPECTS OF TRUE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIVE ECONOMY
Introductory Comment: The scientific analysis of the Office of District Attorney embraced the legal and business administrative functional ramifications, aspects of judicious economy, administrative policy, court trial procedure and case agenda, mediums of scientific investigative application, crime prevention, consistent and effective law enforcement and that of good public relations.
To the continuant fact: Embracing personnel complement, efficiency and systematization, personnel compensation, inclusive of the District Attorney, extensive analytical study and mediums of pertinent research, stimulus of the requirements of the office consistent with the progress and expansion of the civil community and that of immediate and far-visioned planning and implementation.
Particularly, in the instance of a "full-time" District Attorney and assistants and that of mediums of false economy and deficiencies, failure in aspects of crime prevention and effective law enforcement, all of which are indeed stimulus of the present antiquated "part-time" District Attorney compensation, permitting private law practice in conjugation with the duties of the office.
Specific Disclosures, Office of District Attorney1. The analytical recapitulation of all factual aspects of the functional ramifications of the Office of District Attorney, inclusive of paramount essential requirements of implementation, legal and otherwise, especially as to structural office arrangement, appointments and floor space, and that of personnel complement and compensation, inclusive of the compensation of the District Attorney and essential mediums of efficiency and systematization, stimulus of the application in true business administrative economy, discloses the status in quo of the office as approximately "fifteen years in its deficiencies," comparable with the progress and expansion of the civil community as of this current period.
Due to the parsimonious conception of true economy (which in fact was utter false economy), up through the years in the failure to maintain the Office of District Attorney on a definite consistent functional level of requirements with that of the stimulus mediums of the rapidly expanding civil community, has most obviously cost the taxpayers of Jackson County hundreds of thousands of dollars.
2. The structural office arrangement, business equipment and appointments, and that of floor space particularly, is disclosed as utterly inadequate in consideration of immediate and far-visioned planning and implementation.
3. The personnel complement of the office is definitely established as entirely inadequate to efficiently and dexterously handle the volume of the legal business, especially as to the criminal and investigative aspects.
4. The compensation of the personnel of the office, inclusive of that of the District Attorney, is entirely inadequate and incommensurable [sic] to the requirements of the cost of current subsistence, and is disclosed as within the lowest wage brackets in the United States.
5. The injudicious part-time District Attorney and assistants system of compensation, permitting private law practice, is disclosed as utterly antiquated, inconsistent and incompatible to established sound legal administrative principles, and to that of effective crime prevention and consistent law enforcement and presents many dangerous potentialities, stimulus of official collusion, corruption and graft and not infrequently enables unscrupulous individuals and that of factors of collusive political combinations, usually associated with the gambling syndicate to command the influence of the District Attorney, particularly in the instance of official protection for malefactors within the illicit combinations of the vice and crime interests of the community.
OFFICE OF DISTRICT ATTORNEY
EFFICIENCY AND SYSTEMATIZATION COMPENSATION
ASPECTS OF TRUE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIVE ECONOMY
Introductory Comment: The recommendations as indicated herein are in no sense innovational or perfunctory in determination and were established through mediums of consistent scientific procedure, stimulus of aspects of complete reorganization of the office of District Attorney and that of efficiency and systematization in the functional administrative application thereof, particularly as to the adoption of sound administrative principles of true economy, which in the analytical sense of all ramifications of the office, criminal and civil, will save to the taxpayers up through the years hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Intelligent evaluation of the fundamentals of any office of district attorney in that of effective crime prevention and law enforcement and the implementation of the civil requirements of the county by the District Attorney, stimulus of true administrative economy, immediately discloses that the Office of District Attorney must essentially be adequately staffed, and the personnel, inclusive of the District Attorney, must be commensurately compensated for their services and required to devote their full time to the legal processes of the office and indeed in the administrative functional aspects, paramount mediums of efficiency and systematization and that of scientific application must essentially obtain at all times.
Specific Recommendations, Office of District AttorneyA. That the Office of District Attorney should be legally established as a full-time office, requiring the District Attorney and all staff members to devote their full time to the duties of the office, and that the very antiquated system of permitting the District Attorney and members of his staff to engage in private law practice during their incumbency in office be abolished at the first legal opportunity.
I am advised this accomplishment will require an act of the state legislature, and it is quite probable opposition may become in evidence under the usual subterfuge of taxpayer economy in government, when not infrequently it has been my experience the usual stimulus mediums of opposition are almost invariably traceable to attorney mediums of the collusive and corrupt political spoils system, and that of commanding influence of criminal factors, particularly that of the gambling and kindred vice interests of the community.
You may be quite confident in expecting strong collusive opposition from corrupt political factors and disgruntled political henchmen, stimulus of the gambling and related criminal factors, who are known to have politically supported the predecessor District Attorney for election.
B. Personnel Complement Increase, Criminal Investigator, Relative Comment, True Economy Aspects:
1. That the personnel complement be increased by three additions to the present staff, one of which should be a fully qualified and experienced stenographer, especially in legal matters of civil and criminal law, particularly so since the rapidly increasing population of Jackson County, inclusive of the respective incorporated areas, will necessarily increase the civil and criminal business of the Office of District Attorney.
2. That the two additional deputies be properly qualified and experienced in that of civil and criminal law, and especially in criminal prosecution and attending legal ramifications.
3. That one of the deputies in question be assigned as the criminal investigator of the office. This assignment in application is of paramount importance, especially in the instance of true economy, sound administrative business principles and in the ultimate analysis of that of crime prevention and effective law enforcement.
To the continuant fact: In the contemplated wisdom of the assignment of criminal investigator for the Office of District Attorney, comprehensive conception of attainment should indeed command your intelligence in that while the District Attorney is not necessarily the policing authority of the county, and that of the respective incorporated areas; he quite frequently within his legal authority is required to conduct extensive criminal top-secret investigations, independent of the usual policing mediums of the county. This is particularly true at this current period.
To the continuant fact: The assignment of the criminal investigator for the Office of District Attorney is in no sense an innovative procedure, but in fact a highly scientifically established medium of criminal investigative implementation and is resorted to universally throughout the world.
It enables expeditious and effective, secret investigative accomplishment without the probability of the intelligence being disclosed to malefactors in collusion with other law enforcement authority of the county (this should not be construed as an implication as to the personal integrity of any law enforcement authority of the county) and in application is a stimulus medium of that of true economy in crime costs to the taxpayer.
4. In the instance of the second deputy, it will serve to greatly facilitate the briefing, screening and ultimate disposition and that of proper preparation of evidence in court cases and very judiciously serve as a medium of expediency in aspects of coordination of effort and cooperation of good court relations and procedure.
To the continuant fact: It will enable the distribution of the business requirements of the office and permit the District Attorney to concentrate on the general policy and problems of the office and especially in the instance of the civil requirements of the respective departments of the county government; thus it will most definitely become stimulus of the necessary efficiency and systematization in the functional mediums of the office.
C. Annual Compensation, District Attorney and Deputies, Immediate and Contingent Determination, Legal Aspects:
1. Legal limitations, that the County Commissioners by resolution increase the annual compensation of the District Attorney to that of seventy-two hundred dollars, which is six hundred dollars per month, and contingent on legislative action of the state legislature, within the next two years it should be increased consistent with a possible adoption of the full-time District Attorney system to that of ten thousand dollars annually, thus enabling the abolishment of the antiquated part-time District Attorney private practice system.
2. Likewise in conformity to the procedure as indicated in the preceding Section One, that the annual compensation of the present Deputy District Attorney be increased to that of forty-eight hundred dollars, and consistent with ultimate legislative action of the state legislature a definite commensurate increase in compensation be recommended by the District Attorney or that of the proper legal authoritative source.
3. That at such time as the two additional Deputy District Attorneys are employed, inclusive of the assignment of one as the criminal investigator, the annual compensation should be established in the instance of the criminal investigator as forty-eight hundred dollars, while in the instance of the remaining deputy as that of thirty-six hundred dollars.
Further as to the additional secretary, the annual compensation should be established by the District Attorney or that of proper legal authoritative source.
To the continuant fact: Consistent with legislature procedure within the next two years as to the adoption of the full-time District Attorney application, the compensation increase for the additional deputies and that of the secretary should be contemplated accordingly.
D. Annual Budgetary Investigative Fund, Mediums of Criminal Investigator Implementation:
1. That an annual budgetary investigative fund of three thousand dollars be provided for the Office of District Attorney, which will be necessary to the implementation of the criminal investigator, particularly since crime is rapidly increasing in Jackson County, stimulus of the rapidly increasing population not only in Jackson County but throughout the entire Pacific Coast, and such increasing crime is likewise throughout the entire United States.
To the continuant fact: In the wisdom of the investigative fund, it will enable the District Attorney to immediately resort to confidential investigation independent of other sources of local law enforcement, which at this current period are most obviously very recalcitrant to effective coordinated effort and efficient cooperation with the Office of District Attorney, particularly as to illicit gambling ramifications.
This recalcitrant attitude is directly traceable to the strong influence of the corrupt political oppositional spoils system to the District Attorney, stimulus largely of the illicit gambling combinations and other vice and crime factors that have operated for approximately fifteen years without any serious lawful interference in this community.
To the continuant fact: The investigative fund will enable the District Attorney through the medium of the criminal investigator to properly and effectively authenticate questionable evidence and prepare his criminal cases on predetermined evidence for proper presentation in court, rather than the presentation of criminal cases in court that are weak in qualified substantiative evidence, thus many thousands of dollars annually up through the years will be saved to the taxpayer, far greater than the fund in question.
Also the investigative fund through the mediums of implementation of the criminal investigator will save to the taxpayer thousands of dollars annually in that of crime prevention.
If I may digress slightly: The paramount disclosure of the survey application with respect to that of mediums of true administrative economy in the county government, insofar as it pertains to the Office of District Attorney and that of criminal ramifications in Jackson County, has been the utter failure to differentiate in the evaluation between that of true economy and false economy in the functional aspects of the Office of District Attorney in that of crime prevention and effective law enforcement, since if the Office of District Attorney is adequately staffed as to its personnel and scientifically equipped in all essential respects, enabling effective aspects of crime prevention, consistent law enforcement and that of judicious and successful prosecution of crime, and that of successful and judicious application in civil matters of the county, it reflects the application of true economy and the saving of thousands of dollars annually to the taxpayer, while otherwise the element of false economy becomes evident in the increasing cost of crime to the taxpayer, and that of the increasing danger to life and property of the community.
To the continuant fact: It is well to retain mentally the fact that the Office of District Attorney is the office of paramount importance in the county government and the decision of the electorate in pronounced determination, resultant of the recent election, leave no doubt that corrective application is in order. The cross-sectional poll of public opinion of the survey coverage likewise discloses this fact.
E. Floor Space, New Offices, Office Equipment and Office Appointments, Immediate and Long-Range Planning and Implementation:
1. The analytical recapitulation of all factual disclosures of the physical aspects of the Office of District Attorney indicated the actual floor space in the immediate sense is adequate for the present complement of personnel (District Attorney, one deputy and the office secretary), but will be inadequate at such time as two additional deputies and secretary are appointed.
2. In consideration of the aspects of long-range planning and ultimate implementation, it is recommended that the Office of District Attorney be established in the new addition to the courthouse or annex, since I am informed that such addition or annex is contemplated for construction within the near future.
In the accomplishment of the new Office of District Attorney, the following arrangement in planning should definitely conform to anticipated office requirements, criminal and civil business application for the next fifteen years, stimulus of transitional population increase and that of the progress and expansion of the civil community (Jackson County).
A. That the private office of the District Attorney be sufficiently spacious for a convened twelve-individual conference, inclusive of conference table, office desk and table, office combination safe and personal office filing cabinet, personal law library space, two hundred volumes, adequate combination cloakroom, lavatory and storage space, the necessary chairs, business machines and such other necessary appurtenances to expeditious business application of the office.
To further consideration of the private office of the District Attorney, two doors should be planned, one for general entrance and exit and one private door for entrance and exit, exclusive use of the District Attorney, opening into an outer hall. The general entrance and exit door opening from the inner public office.
B. Consideration should be given to wiring of the new District Attorney office for an intercommunication system and that of a secret recording system, embracing such private office of the department. Both of the systems are very necessary to the functional aspects of the office, especially in the instance of the secret recording system in the interrogation of criminal characters and otherwise. The secret recording system should be connected with the intercommunicating system and that of the telephone system of the office, thus enabling the recording of telephone conversations and that of the intercommunication conversations.
C. There should be a private office for each Deputy District Attorney, with adequate floor space and properly equipped; the mistake should not be made in planning these offices with inadequate floor space and that of inadequate office equipment and appointments. Judicious immediate and long-range planning at this current period will be ultimately disclosed as true economy and save to the taxpayer thousands of dollars in the future.
D. There should be a large combination public reception and office space secretary room, with counter and gate division. Adequate number of chairs, not less than fifteen, one large magazine table and such other equipment as may be deemed necessary.
E. All Deputy District Attorneys' private offices should be equipped with four-drawer, legal-size, lock-equipped steel filing cabinets, especially in the instance of the criminal investigator, and such other appurtenances as he may deem necessary.
F. That at such time as the criminal investigator is appointed he should be assigned a new county-owned automobile without any indicated county insignia thereon. This automobile should be however specifically assigned to the Office of District Attorney, and such alternating assignment should be at the disposition of the District Attorney.
PROCEDURE COORDINATING COMMITTEE
CLERGY FACTORS OFFICE OF DISTRICT ATTORNEY
Introductory Comment: The specific purpose of the coordinating committee fundamentally is an advisory committee to the District Attorney interested in good government, crime prevention and that of effective and judicious law enforcement, and in maintaining wholesome community atmosphere and good public morals.
Its existence to remain strictly confidential and membership to be confined strictly to the clergy, present at the oral reading of this document, and as such committee is not to resort to mediums of publicity, or is in any proper sense obligated to the District Attorney, politically or otherwise, except as law-abiding individuals of the interested citizenry in support of an honest District Attorney.
Organization, Mediums of Procedure, Agenda, Coordinating Committee1. In the initial aspects of organization, the complement of the committee should not be more than seven members, and the selection of such members should be accomplished from the initial group present at the oral reading of this document, and after the selection of the committee the chairman and secretary [are] to be appointed from within the committee and such other action as deemed necessary. The chairmanship should alternate through the entire committee at such definite intervals as may be deemed judicious. No layman should at any time be permitted to serve as a member of the committee, nor should the District Attorney be included.
Collaboration with lay citizenry committees, fully established as genuinely interested in that of good government, wholesome community atmosphere, crime prevention, effective and consistent law enforcement and the public good, and entirely free of collusive political ramifications, may be judiciously proper and quite effective in constructive application.
2. Mediums of Procedure: At the termination of the oral reading of this document, the temporary chairman, selected initially to preside during the reading of this document, should be retained to continue as such during the interval between the initial reading of this document and the convening to establish the permanent committee, or such other of the clergy as may be desirable.
At the time of the convening to establish the permanent committee, the District Attorney should be invited to be present, which will serve as a stimulus medium in the preparation of the agenda and facilitate mutual understanding, legally and otherwise, and in establishment of the necessary policy of the committee.
To the continuant fact: The convening of the committee shall be at the call of the chairman upon the request of any member of the committee, or that of any clergyman present at the initial reading of the survey report, particularly if requested by the District Attorney for the committee only or the full initial group.
A definite meeting by the committee with the District Attorney, subsequent to the meeting establishing the permanent committee, should in due season be in order to discuss various aspects of the survey report, especially as to the various recommendations and the exchange of aspects of intelligence pertaining to the disclosures of the survey application and such other matters considered of pertinent consequence, particularly of paramount problems confronting the District Attorney as to the public good.
To the continuant fact: Such meeting is of extreme significance in assisting the District Attorney in the effective implementation of that of crime prevention and law enforcement, most especially in combating the vicious criminal combinations, politically and otherwise, that have controlled collusive political ramifications and that of officially tolerated vice and crime in this community for years.
It is the first time in fifteen years or more that the moral forces and law-abiding citizenry of Jackson County have been successful in electing a District Attorney who is endeavoring to conform to his sacred oath of office and endeavor to enforce the law.
Therefore, the stupid mistake, as is often made in many instances, in that of electing an honest and determined district attorney, as in this instance, and then forgetting him and failing to render him the moral support and advice he badly needs in combating criminal problems of his office, should most certainly not become in evidence in this community.
Agenda, Mediums of Implementation, Scientific Analysis,1. Collaboration confidentially with the District Attorney in all matters of mutual interest for the public good.
Miscellaneous Aspects, Evaluation Significance, Clergy Determination
2. Consideration of all aspects of contributory factors to that of juvenile delinquency and inclusive of that of lascivious literature, obscene photographs, etc.
To the continuant fact: Paramount in importance in the establishment of a state juvenile authority and that of an adult state authority, patterned after the scientific system of the state of California. District Attorney consultant should be resorted to for legal advice, since the application will require state legislative action.
3. Liquor situation in Jackson County, crime stimulus aspects, local option, economy.
4. Illicit narcotic situation, sale to teenage youth and otherwise. Official collusion and graft, protective aspects.
5. Clean, honorable county and municipal government, officials, mayors, judges, chiefs of police, sheriff and deputies, especially any officials known to be addicted as an alcoholic.
6. Citizenry action, condemning unqualified and crooked public officials, removal from office, recall election or otherwise, grand jury investigation.
It is well to evaluate the fact that Jackson County, as disclosed through the process of the survey coverage, has a very high ratio percent of determined law-abiding citizenry, with a splendid moral atmosphere and particularly an exceptional clergy reflecting degrees of unusual intelligence quotient, keen analytical qualities of psychological processes, and indeed that of intellectual attainments, and it is this one group only that commands the confidence and cooperative respect of the law-abiding citizenry through all of Jackson County, and indeed incidentally is the one and only group actually feared by the protected vice and criminal element of the community, especially that of the slot machine, pinball gambling interests and kindred gambling factors and most particularly collusive and grafting public officials and of course the District Attorney is most obviously feared.
Therefore the great importance of the true influence of the clergy throughout Jackson County and especially within the city of Medford and Ashland becomes indeed paramount in rendering every consistent and feasible assistance to the District Attorney.
7. That the illicit slot machine and pinball machine racket, and that of kindred gambling ramifications, inclusive of the commercialized prostitution traffic, be continually subjects of consideration of the coordinating committee.
In final evaluation of the wisdom and that of constructive accomplishments of the implementations of the coordinating committee, it is well to retain mentally the fact that the procedure as indicated herein is in no sense innovational or that of a moral crusade or stimulus of public pulpit reprobation as to the vicious vice and crime conditions that obtain in the community, but is entirely constructive and judicious in that of corrective application of vice and crime conditions without the conventional publicity which almost invariably defeats the purpose of that of effective law enforcement and the application of good government for the public good.
TERMINATION CRIME AND EFFICIENCY SURVEYRelative Comment: In conclusion I desire to extend my personal thanks and expression of my deep sense of appreciation for the exceptional courtesy extended to me and the splendid mediums of coordination of effort and that of untiring cooperation during the course of the Crime and Efficiency Survey application by the honorable Walter D. Nunley, District Attorney, which indeed contributed much to the implementation of same.
I was particularly impressed as to his deep sincerity of purpose and personal integrity and the wisdom of his impartial conception as to the conduct of the survey procedure.
I also desire to convey my profound respects and sincere appreciation to the unusually high quality of the clergy of Jackson County, who extended every possible courtesy and that of judicious counsel, coordination of effort and indeed of unselfish channeled mediums of cooperation to me during the survey period.
It was particularly refreshing to me to find the splendid determination to maintain good government and a wholesome community atmosphere definitely in evidence throughout all of Jackson County, and especially that of the commendable spirit of the clergy that crime prevention and that of honest and effective law enforcement must prevail.
Ultimate Comment: Only one copy of this document was prepared, and same is retained for my private office record files.
Walter S. Jeffreys, Sr.
Crime and Efficiency Expert
July 8th, 1953
September 14, 1953
*The original document is typed on 8½x14-inch paper with liberal use of the red ribbon. Every adjective and noun is capitalized (though verbs and adverbs are scrupulously left uncapitalized); commas and semicolons are sprinkled liberally and randomly throughout. In this transcription I've retained the peculiar vocabulary and syntax of the original, but occasionally changed the plurality of nouns and verbs so they agree. I've edited orthography and punctuation with abandon, in an attempt to make Jeffreys' tortured English accessible to the reader.
Photocopies of the original document are in the collections of the Southern Oregon Historical Society, the Rogue Valley Genealogical Society and the Jackson County Library System.
Side note: I've Googled some of the author's favorite phrases, such as "to the continuant fact," "stimulus mediums," "commercialized prostitutes," "cultivative processes." These are either otherwise unknown or extremely rare in English-language communication.
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More on Walter S. Jeffreys:
Detective Fined for Disturbing the Peace
SENTENCE IN TWO CASES.
Total of Five Years Given Defendant at Hillsboro.
Special to the News.
Hillsboro, Tex., Feb. 4--In the district court this morning Walter Jeffreys pleased guilty in two cases, one charging burglary and the other burglary and theft.
Dallas Morning News, Texas, February 5, 1907, page 12
Mrs. L. A. Parsons and son, Harold, of Ireland Street, are visiting her daughter, Mrs. W. S. Jeffreys of Houston, also friends in Galveston.
"Society," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, September 6, 1916, page 4
W. S. Jeffreys, who has been employed as a detective by the committee of "one hundred" in a vice investigation, and who operates under the name of "Chesterfield," pleaded guilty to a charge of disturbing the peace in corporation court Tuesday afternoon and was fined $1 and cost by Judge Stevens.
T. F. Barding, who has an office in the Carter Building, as also has Jeffreys, was the complainant. He told the police that the detective had a spirited conversation with him over the phone and ended by saying he would wait on the outside and settle with him in person. Thereupon Mr. Barding called the police and had the sleuth arrested.
Houston Post, Texas, April 25, 1917, page 12
"'Redlight Raids' on Dozen Rooming Houses by District Att'y. Duckworth; Policeman Lewis Involved in Affair," San Bernardino County Sun, October 28, 1917, page 1
'Not Me' Says Jeffreys, and He Now HasWalter M. Jeffery is the San Bernardino merchants' patrol.
Written Alibi Signed by Sheriff
W. S. Jeffreys is the chief of the operatives who gathered the evidence in the district attorney's red light proceedings. He comes from Los Angeles.
And thereby hangs a tale. Up and down the town yesterday Walter M. Jeffery was greeted as the hero or the villain of the raid, according to what particular attitude was adopted by the party who issued the greeting.
Now Walter M. Jeffery neither desires to be a hero when he isn't a hero or a villain, so he appealed to his friend, the sheriff, and today Walter M. Jeffery goes forth armed with an alibi, which reads as follows:
To whom it may concern:
This is to certify that Walter M. Jeffery had nothing to do, directly or indirectly, with the raid on the rooming houses in this city, Saturday night, October 27, 1917. The party mentioned is one W. S. Jeffreys, no kith or kin to "Shorty" Jeffery.
J. L. McMINN, Sheriff.San Bernardino County Sun, October 30, 1917, page 5
Jeffreys, Walter S., salesman, h 3122 S. Harvard Blvd.
1918 Los Angeles City Directory, page 1081
INSIDE STORY OF THE START OF REDLIGHT RAIDS
Operative Says That City Official Hired Him; Then Duckworth
Inside story of how the redlight abatement proceedings were started became officially known yesterday when for the first time the story was brought out in court.
It was a city official who made the first move, employed an operative and after a week's investigation laid the matter before District Attorney T. W. Duckworth and requested action.
W. S. Jeffreys, chief operative, was yesterday directed by attorney F. B. Daley on cross-examination in the Monte Vista Rooming House case to relate the circumstances of his coming to San Bernardino.
Jeffreys declared that Councilman W. E. Leonard brought him here, had him investigate conditions for a period of a week and then took him to Mr. Duckworth and introduced him. Jeffreys then immediately went to work for the district attorney. There was no further testimony on the point. Although there was no court statement on the matter, it was declared yesterday that a committee of citizens had knowledge of the results of Jeffreys' first week's work and visited the district attorney, who immediately started the prosecution plans under way.
Trial of the Monte Vista suit developed into a hard-fought case. Attorney Daley and attorney C. C. Haskell are handling the case for the defense, and District Attorney M. O. Hert is directing the prosecution.
According to Jeffreys he secured a card from a barber by the name of Chincho which he used as his pass, he said, to get into the inside of the alleged vice conditions at the rooming house. The card was introduced.
Identity of two women, named by the operatives as May and Virginia, figures in the case.
Former policeman Nelson was on the stand the larger part of the afternoon for the prosecution. He was questioned and cross-questioned at length regarding the general reputation of the rooming house, which he said was bad. He named a jitney bus driver, and two policemen as men he had heard discuss the general reputation and said there were three others whose names he did not remember. He told of four visits at night to the place a year ago, and of warning to Mrs. J. A. Peterson, landlady, and the subsequent arrest of a man and a woman, who were charged with disturbing the peace. He had seen no acts of prostitution.
San Bernardino County Sun, January 30, 1918, page 3
W. S. Jeffreys, operative who secured the evidence on alleged violators of the red light abatement act, attempts to correct admission made to attorney Daley for the defense that he was probing vice conditions primarily for the pleasure of the sensational incidents encountered in his work.
"Local Happenings," San Bernardino News, January 31, 1918, page 8
INVESTIGATOR ONCE IN JAIL
Guilty of Burglary, but Pardoned, Is Admitted by W. S. Jeffreys
Recalled from Bakersfield by the counsel for the defense in the trial of the Monte Vista Rooming House, W. S. Jeffreys, chief investigator for the district attorney's office in the abatement cases, this morning admitted to attorney Frank Daley that he had once been convicted of a felony.
Jeffreys was then questioned by Judge H. T. Dewhirst regarding the act for which he had been imprisoned. He stated that he had been found guilty of burglarizing a hardware store in Texas when 17 years of age.
Later, Jeffreys declared, he had been pardoned by the governor of Texas and was a full-fledged citizen.
Attorney Daley requested him to show his pardon, but Jeffreys was unable to produce it.
The prosecution rested this morning. Today's session is occupied with testimony of well-known and reputable citizens regarding the good reputation of the place.
San Bernardino News, February 1, 1918, page 1
VICE CRUSADER ADMITS HE IS EX-CONVICT
Sensation Sprung in Court, When Jeffreys Seen by Old Prison Guard
W. S. Jeffreys, vice crusader of note, yesterday acknowledged on the witness stand in the Monte Vista Rooming House redlight abatement case that he is an ex-convict, and the incident became the sensation of the trial.
The entire district attorney's office was ignorant that Jeffreys, who for a year has been one of the leading vice crusaders of Southern California, had a prison record. He was in charge of gathering the testimony in cases here.
By a strange twist of fate Jeffreys was identified by his old prison guard, a former resident of Texas, who chanced to enter the court room and saw Jeffreys on the stand. His comment, heard by a bystander, reached the defense.
Eleven or 12 years have passed since Jeffreys' sentence for burglary in a Texas town.
Jeffreys was called to the stand by the defense.
Atty. F. B. Daley questioned him on incidental matters, and then demanded:
"You know that if you should swear falsely to a material point in this case you would be guilty of perjury?" demanded Daley.
Jeffreys said he was aware of it.
"Were you ever convicted of a felony?"
"Yes," said Jeffreys.
The attorney asked no additional questions.
APPEALS TO COURTJeffreys appealed to the court to explain.
"I was raised on the streets," he said, "and when I was 17 years of age I did commit burglary. I was later pardoned, and I have lived a proper life ever since." He is now 28.
"It is such men as you who would tear me down again," he declared defiantly to attorney Daley.
The man from Texas, whose identity was not revealed, said, it is reported, that Jeffreys was charged with burglary of a store during excitement of the burning of a lumber yard.
Jeffreys conducted the vice raid on Venice hotels and rooming houses, handled similar work in Los Angeles, and when he left here yesterday it was to go to Bakersfield, where he conducted a similar raid and is chief witness in 15 cases.
Jeffreys' testimony here had been of alleged acts of lewdness which he said he witnessed at the Monte Vista while he was disguised as a medical student, according to his testimony, and as a doctor, according to declarations of Mrs. J. A. Peterson, the landlady.
W. A. Shay of the district attorney's office was the last witness for the plaintiff yesterday. He was questioned regarding details of the start of the investigation and his connection with it.
"About the first of October," said Mr. Shay, "District Attorney Duckworth introduced me to Mr. Jeffreys, told me that he had employed Mr. Jeffreys to gather evidence to be used in redlight abatement cases if the evidence warranted it, and gave me instructions."
Mr. Shay then continued to relate that the district attorney designated him as custodian of the daily reports of Jeffreys, and when the decision was reached to proceed with the abatement cases, directed him to supervise the serving of the papers. Jeffreys was in charge of gathering all the evidence. Mr. Shay said he understood Jeffreys--as Jeffreys had testified--was in the employ of other parties for a week before he met him.
During the trial the question had been raised by the defense as to why Mr. Shay had not warned owners of rooming houses.
That would have been a violation of trust and public duty, said Mr. Shay, to have told anyone or warned anyone that investigators were securing evidence of conditions.
The defense then opened its case and called a long line of witnesses, both for purposes of establishing general reputation and to deny testimony of Jeffreys and other operatives as to what happened at the Monte Vista.
Mrs. Peterson, the landlady, was still on the stand at 10 o'clock last night, when the case went over until Monday.
San Bernardino County Sun, February 2, 1918, page 1
JEFFREYS ASKS THAT SECRET BE GUARDED
"Man from Texas" Tells of Threat When He Halted Former Prisoner
That the "man from Texas" who recognized W. S. Jeffreys, and [commented] regarding his youthful burglary, was recognized by Jeffreys on the street before the courtroom incident in the Monte Vista case, developed yesterday in the aftermath of the affair.
The two had a talk, and the "man from Texas" was informed by Jeffreys that he must not reveal his identity. It is reported that the "man from Texas" told counsel for the defense of a penalty Jeffreys had declared he would exact if his secret was exposed.
It became known yesterday that Atty. Frank B. Daley stepped to an officer in court, following the acknowledgment by Jeffreys that he was an ex-convict, and told the officer that Jeffreys had declared he would shoot any man who made public his Texas record.
Jeffreys admitted that he burglarized a store after he had set fire to a lumber yard.
The identity of the "man from Texas" is still shrouded in darkness. It was declared yesterday that his name would never be permitted to become known. He is said to have recognized Jeffreys on the street, that Jeffreys did not return signs of recognition, until the "man from Texas" finally halted him and recalled their former acquaintance.
The scene of Jeffreys' trouble was at Hillsboro, Texas.
San Bernardino County Sun, February 3, 1918, page 1
W. S. Jeffreys, Los Angeles. . . .
"At the Hotels; Andrews," San Luis Obispo Daily Telegram, July 16, 1918, page 5
Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Parsons and daughter, Gladys, and son, Hal, have returned from an extended trip to Los Angeles, where they visited Mrs. Parsons' daughter, Mrs. W. S. Jeffreys.
"Society," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, September 15, 1918, page 22
CLAIMS AND PAYROLL.
General Fund, 1919-20. . . . W. S. Jeffreys $360.00.
"Board of Supervisors," Oakland Tribune, September 24, 1919, page 6
The following claims were allowed by the board of supervisors at the regular May meeting:
* * *"Procedure of the Supervisors," Woodland Daily Democrat, Woodland, California, May 11, 1920, page 6
W. S. Jeffreys, services . . . . . . . . . 120.82
W. S. Jeffreys, services . . . . . . . . . 214.40
W. S. Jeffreys, services . . . . . . . . . 687.89
Among the arrivals at the Hotel Whitcomb yesterday were Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Jeffreys, Hollywood. . . .
"Personal and Hotel Gossip," San Francisco Chronicle, May 19, 1920, page 6
Demand Chinese Gamblers Be Identified by Officer
Strange legal issues will be raised today when a dozen Chinese are ordered to appear in court on a charge of gambling and conducting houses where gambling was carried on. A number of these defendants are listed under fictitious names, and the defense is demanding that W. S. Jeffreys, chief of the crew of operatives who gathered the evidence, go into Chinatown and pick out the men he accuses. Attorneys Swing & Wilson have been retained to represent the Chinese.
San Bernardino County Sun, April 8, 1921, page 9
THREATENS SUIT AGAINST CITY FOR $25,000
Threatening to sue the city of Santa Ana for $25,000 damages, attorney Dan. V. Noland of Los Angeles declares that he is going to give the city council one more chance to remit the $50 fine imposed June 10 by City Recorder W. F. Heathman upon Mrs. Winifred Roberts, of Balboa, arrested in connection with raids conducted by city police on complaints sworn to by a detective under the name of W. S. Jeffreys. . . .
"Mrs. Roberts was helpless," said Noland. "She was taken into court late at night with big policemen all around her and nobody at hand to advise her, for the detective had refused to allow her to telephone to her husband. . . .
"Mrs. Roberts happened to be in the house at 1116 East Third Street when it was raided on the night of June 10," said Noland. "She had hired George Williamson, a colored bootblack, to drive her to Santa Ana to meet a Los Angeles woman, her partner in a store. While here she went to Williamson's house to see if she could employ Mrs. Williamson as her maid, Mrs. Williamson having worked for her when Mrs. Roberts lived at Balboa a few years ago.
House Is Raided."She was in the house a few minutes, talking to Mrs. Williamson, who was grouching around about not feeling well enough to work, when the house was raided by city police, led by two detectives.
"Mrs. Roberts was taken around while two other places were raided, and it was late in the evening before she was taken to the city hall. In the women's waiting room, she says, she was told by one of the detectives that she would be charged with being in a place where liquor was sold, that in order to avoid getting the matter into the newspapers the easiest thing for her to do was to plead guilty, that he would have a fictitious name put on the complaint. At this point, the detective a second time refused to allow Mrs. Roberts to telephone to her husband.
"The woman was then taken before City Recorder Heathman. She was charged not with being in a house where liquor was sold but with being in a house of moral ill repute. The detective gave the fictitious name of Cecille Brunner, and, bamboozled by this detective, she pleaded guilty and was fined $50.
"My case against the city carries with it the condition that on June 11 this detective went to Balboa and there described the woman who had been fined, cause the identification of Mrs. Roberts as that woman, and started the tongues to wagging.
Examines Records."I have examined the city's records. I find that W. S. Jeffreys was paid $989.32 for his services from June 2 to June 11, and I therefore conclude that when the detective was at Balboa June 11 passing out this identification information he was in the city's employ.
"Mrs. Roberts is well known in Balboa, respectable and respected. Nobody who knows her could ever suspect her of being guilty of the crime placed against her. She is the victim of unfortunate circumstances, and I believe that it is up to the city to right the wrong that has been done her."
Attorney Noland is a brother of George Noland of Balboa.
Santa Ana Register, July 15, 1921, pages 9-10
FIGHT ON STAIRS OF COURTHOUSE FOLLOWS TRIAL
Rudolph Bogle Held for Assault with Deadly Weapon for Attack on John and Verne Smith,[A] Fight between Rudolph Bogle, alleged habitue of the city's smoldering underworld, and "operatives" hired by the city and county to conduct a vice cleanup, in the courthouse at the noon adjournment yesterday, overshadowed in sensationalism the testimony in the trial of Sadie Wise, freed of a charge of conducting a disorderly house on lower D Street.
Detectives Employed in Vice Cleanup
The fight in the courthouse corridors ended when W. S. Jeffreys, employed by District Attorney T. W. Duckworth several months ago, drew a revolver on Bogle, who, it is alleged, threatened to kill John and Verne Smith, also investigators and retained by ex-Chief of Police C. J. Daley months ago. The participants were leaving our courtroom as the trouble started. . . .
As Jeffreys drew the revolver, attorney John A. Hadaller, a witness, rushed toward Jeffreys, saying: "Put up that gun; you are going to get in trouble."
Other witnesses declare that, in their belief, Jeffreys would have shot Bogle had not attorney Hadaller interfered. . . .
The evidence of the prosecution was that W. S. Jeffreys, A. Metz and C. Connant were employed by the district attorney's office to secure evidence in red-light cases; that Jeffreys went to Sadie Wise's place at 479 Rialto Avenue on January 18 and gave her $3 and then left the premises; that he was followed next day by Metz, who went through a like performance, and Connant testified that he watched the place several nights during the latter part of January and he saw several men going and coming from the place. He claimed they would knock at the door and Sadie Wise would come to the door and ask them who they were and admit them. John Smith and Verne Smith testified that they were employed about that time by Chief of Police Daley, and they determined that her place was a place of prostitution by personal visits and by talking with other men who were visiting the place. They claimed they saw Sadie Wise take men to her room. Jeffreys Connant and Metz testified that they were directed to the place by a jitney driver and that he took them there and vouched for them.
The defense called Dr. J. W. Aldridge, who testified that Sadie Wise was ill about the time the prosecution's witnesses referred to and that he called to attend her on several occasions and saw nothing that was improper. David Meltzner, W. L. Worthington and Sadie Clark testified there were roomers at the place and that none of the acts claimed by the prosecution had transpired. Sadie Wise took the stand to deny the allegations against her.
San Bernardino County Sun, September 16, 1921, page 9
FAKE AGENT IN S.A. DRY RAID
BIG GRAFT LAID TO SLEUTH
Two Jailed by U.S. Authorities in L.A. Cleaned Up Fortune, Claim
RECALL SENSATIONAL FULLERTON ARRESTS
More Than $2000 in Fines Levied Against Seven Trapped in Oil City
The arrest in Los Angeles of W. S. Jeffreys, charged with having plotted a government conspiracy, found its echo in Santa Ana and other Orange County cities today.
Jeffreys, who conducted so-called cleanup campaigns in Santa Ana and Fullerton last summer, was in jail in Los Angeles as the result of charges preferred by United States Marshal C.T. Walton.
According to D. S. Bassett, deputy United States marshal, Jeffreys, alias Charles C. Nevans, has been conducting fake prohibition raids in a number of Southern California cities.
Federal officers in Los Angeles charge that Jeffreys and a confederate, A. W. Metz, cleaned up thousands of dollars in Pasadena, Long Beach, Santa Monica, Bakersfield, Whittier, Fullerton and other places. Both Metz and Jeffreys were in the federal toils today, the former being out on $5000 bail, the latter a prisoner of the government officers.
"Jeffreys, who has been active in Southern California for several years, has been under observation by federal officers for some time," said Bassett, discussing the arrests with a Register representative today.
Clean Up Big Sum"Thus far, we have been unable to determine the exact amount Metz and Jeffreys obtained through fake prohibition activities. However, it will run into the thousands, as they operated extensively at Long Beach, Pasadena and elsewhere. They cleaned up $1500 at Long Beach and $1200 at Pasadena. Some have said the Santa Monica campaign netted them $15,000, but we have not checked upon this.
"In mulcting the public, these men and their confederates invariably ignored the police departments in the various cities where they operated.
"It was a part of their plan to go to the mayor of the city where they proposed to work, present to him numerous credentials from the mayors of cities where they had been heretofore, agree to work on a commission basis, and then lay their plans for a systematic drive.
"As a rule, they connived with certain men to plead guilty to bootlegging activities, or bluffed others into believing they were federal officers. Then they would advise the victim to go into court, plead guilty and accept a fine. The 'cut' of Jeffreys and Metz from such fines was said to be something enormous.
Posed as Moral Expert"Jeffreys made it his business to pose as [a] morality expert, presenting letters and endorsements from ministers, mayors and others in the cities where he had worked. These, coupled with his statements that he was a federal officer, deceived the municipal executives in many cities and resulted in a rich harvest for Jeffreys and his confederates."
Officers said that Jeffreys, who makes a fair appearance and presents credentials from men and women well and favorably known in California, appeared in San Bernardino some time ago and conducted a cleanup campaign which netted him a handsome sum.
In San Bernardino he worked with members of the council, ministers and a daily newspaper. As a result of his drive in San Bernardino, a mass meeting was held at the courthouse, which was packed, warrants were issued on a wholesale scale, and quantities of liquor, which Jeffreys claimed he had found in the possession of his victims, were confiscated by sheriff's deputies.
Jeffreys, characterized by Santa Ana officers as the "man of many aliases," appeared in this city last June, at the instance of Mayor Mitchell and the city council, and for a time was engaged in conducting what he terms a cleanup campaign here.
Remains Ten DaysJeffreys and his operatives remained in Santa Ana from June 2 to 11 and turned in a bill against the city for $989.32. Before leaving, Jeffreys gave the local police department a clean bill of health.
Among other things, Jeffreys, while in Santa Ana, succeeded in gathering evidence which he claimed implicated Mrs. Lionel Roberts of Balboa. Jeffreys charged Mrs. Roberts with having been an inmate of a house of questionable repute. In this connection, Mrs. Roberts, asserting her innocence, threatened to bring suit against the city for $50,000.
Later, Mrs. Roberts appeared before City Recorder W. F. Heathman, in whose court there was a rectification of the records, and she was cleared of the charges preferred by Jeffreys.
Discussing the activities of Jeffreys today, City Marshal Sam Jernigan said that while Jeffreys did not actually pose as a federal officer here, he gave the impression, in a number of ways, that he was associated with the government officers.
"Jeffreys did not come out and say he was a government operative," said Jernigan, "but the inference was that he had such affiliations. We regarded him as one of those 'hurry-up' detectives, so-called, using different names at various times in his efforts to conduct a cleanup campaign. Although he was here but a few days, he turned in a bill for $989.32.
Charges Connivance"Among other bootlegging charges preferred by Jeffreys was one against a negro who pleaded guilty and was fined in the local courts. It was said that Jeffreys and his assistant connived with this negro to bring liquor into Santa Ana in an automobile, submit to arrest, and pay a fine. This, it was claimed, was done to strengthen the drive Jeffreys tried to conduct here.
"Virtually all the cases developed by Jeffreys were tried at night. This helped his campaign, since it was apparent that his evidence was of the flimsiest kind. Possibly all the defendants could have beaten his charges had they had the proper time to fight him.
"It seemed a part of his campaign to rush the cases through as speedily as possible. Jeffreys was in the habit of using a number of names. Among these was that of Charles C. Nevans. There was also a man named Metz, and it is possible they used this and other names interchangeably."
Marshal Jernigan said that although he had never seen more than one assistant with Jeffreys, the detective turned in an expense account covering the activities of a number of operatives. These he rated at $10 a day. In addition, the marshal said, there were numerous items covering automobile hire and incidental expenses. In this way Jeffreys ran his bill up to almost $1000.
Sensation at FullertonA sensational raid occurred at Fullerton on the night of June 24, 1921. Seven men, including two prominent physicians, were taken into custody. The Fullerton police, working in conjunction with a man described at the time as a "federal prohibition officer," made the arrests.
Fines totaling $2260 were levied the following day in the court of Justice of the Peace William French, each of the defendants entering pleas of guilty.
Dr. C. E. Cowles and Dr. R. V. Graves were each fined $300 and were given suspended sentences of 90 days in jail.
J. E. Doty, a druggist, accused on four counts, pleaded guilty to three, on each of which he was fined $300.
Graham Roscoe, colored, livery stable proprietor, was fined $300. Phil Chaddick, also colored, was fined $150 and was given a suspended sentence of 90 days.
Hazel Smith, also colored, an attorney, was fined $150 and was given a suspended sentence of 90 days.
William Bentley, a railroad man of Fullerton, was fined $150 and was given a suspended sentence of 90 days.
H. M. Remington, a photographer, was fined $10 for the sale of alleged obscene photographs.
The two physicians, who are well known at Fullerton, were alleged to have violated the prohibition laws in issuing prescriptions for liquor.
The druggist was charged with selling liquor in contravention of a city ordinance.
Santa Ana Register, March 11, 1922, page 1
WOMAN'S ARREST ECHO IN 'DRY' AGENT QUIZ
The arrest of Mrs. Winnifred Roberts, formerly of Balboa and now of Compton, in this city last June on a charge of being an inmate of a house of questionable repute, and her subsequent threat to sue the city for $50,000, was recalled today with announcement that she had been subpoenaed to give testimony before United States Commissioner Stephen A. Long in Los Angeles in the prosecution of W. S. Jeffreys and A. W. Metz on charges of impersonating government officers by posing as members of a "dry squad" engaged in cleaning up Southern California.
Jeffreys was the detective employed by the city council to clean up Santa Ana, and among the arrests was that of Mrs. Roberts. Mrs. Roberts was rushed into the city recorder's office here following her arrest between 9 and 10 p.m., and she asserted that she pleaded guilty on the advice of Jeffreys, who told her that it would eliminate possibility of publicity. Mrs. Roberts declared that Jeffreys himself used a fictitious name for her in filing the complaint, giving her name as "Cecil Bruner" [sic]. Following her plea of guilty she paid a fine of $50. Later, denying that she was guilty of the offense to which she had pleaded guilty, she asked for a rehearing of her case. It was granted, and at the retrial she was completely exonerated.
Jeffreys presented a demand and was paid $989.32 for his services and expenses during the campaign.
The hearing in Los Angeles was started yesterday, when the investigations covered operations of the two men at Fullerton and Long Beach. Fines collected at Fullerton totaled $2260, and Jeffreys, under the name of G. W. Nevins, was paid $1076.96 for his services and expenses.
Dr. R. B. Graves, Dr. D. C. Cowles and J. E. Doty, the latter a druggist, all of Fullerton, were witnesses against Jeffreys and Mr. Metz. The three men were arrested in Fullerton during a drive conducted by the detective. Each paid a fine. Dr. Graves paid a fine of $300 for issuing a prescription for whisky to Jeffreys. Dr. Graves testified that Jeffreys came to him and said he was ill and insisted on a prescription for whisky. He declared also that Jeffreys represented himself as a federal officer.
Dr. Cowles was assessed the same amount on the same charge. He also alleged that Jeffreys insisted on a prescription for whisky and that the detective asserted he was a federal officer.
Doty offered in evidence a check for $800 which he had issued in payment of the fine levied on him for illegal sale of liquor.
Witnesses from Long Beach, including an officer, testified that Jeffreys posed as a federal officer.
Santa Ana Register, March 22, 1922, page 11
'AGENTS' WORKED HERE IN OCTOBER
Jeffreys and Metz, Charged with Impersonating Federal Officers,
Employed in Riverside to Round Up Bootleggers
Both W. S. Jeffreys and A. W. Metz, jointly charged with impersonating government officers by posing as members of a "dry" squad engaged in cleaning up Southern California bootleggers, worked in Riverside, according to a statement made by Chief of Police Elmer Deiss today.
Jeffreys and Metz are now on trial before U.S. Commissioner Long, in Los Angeles, the two men having obtained work in Santa Ana, Fullerton, Long Beach, Santa Monica and other points as special officers engaged in "dry" routine. In fact, the documents in possession of the federal officers show, they say, that these two men covered the entire territory south of the Tehachapi.
They were employed in Riverside last October to run down bootleggers, the object of Jeffreys and Metz being to get the evidence on the alleged illicit booze peddlers, the police later making the arrests. Several fines were assessed locally against individuals rounded up by Jeffreys and Metz.
Charges have also been filed against Jeffreys and Metz at Santa Ana, Venice and Santa Monica.
Riverside Daily Press, March 22, 1922, page 4
GIVE TESTIMONY IN LIQUOR CASE
W. S. Jeffreys Accused of Impersonating Federal Officer
Damaging testimony that W. S. Jeffreys, formerly employed in San Bernardino by District Attorney T. W. Duckworth in an anti-vice campaign, represented himself to be a federal officer after posing as "a good fellow" in Long Beach and charged friends with bootlegging after inducing them to buy him liquor, was heard when Jeffreys went on trial in the U.S. federal court in Los Angeles on charges of impersonating a federal officer.Secret Inquiry on Police Fails
A. W. Metz, a co-worker of Jeffreys', is also on trial jointly with the "vice crusader."
Beach Activities ProbedThe charged doings of Jeffreys at Fullerton and Long Beach occupied the attention of the court, and all of the witnesses testified that Jeffreys had represented himself as a federal officer. There was no evidence against Metz during the day, except the statement of J. E. Doty, a druggist, of Fullerton, who thought he recognized Metz at the city jail, where he was taken following his arrest.
Dr. R. B. Graves of Fullerton testified that Jeffreys came to him complaining of being sick and insisted upon getting a prescription for whisky, which the witness gave him. The doctor was afterward arrested and fined $300. He said that Jeffreys had represented himself as a government officer engaged in surveying.
Dr. B. C. Cowles of Fullerton testified that he contributed $300 for writing a whisky prescription at the urgent request of Jeffreys. He, too, declared that the defendant, Jeffreys, represented himself as a federal agent.
J. E. Doty, a druggist, entered as evidence a check for $800, for illegal sale of liquor, he stated.
Hotel Guest Fined $1,000Hugo Parshall of Detroit, a visitor at the Virginia Hotel, Long Beach, said he met Jeffreys on the strand, and the latter offered to show him a good time, but it would be necessary for him to get a quart of whisky for Jeffreys. Parshall said he bought the stuff, for which he paid $10, and was immediately arrested and taken before Police Judge Hawkins, who promptly fined him $1,000 on two counts of a bootlegging charge. Parshall declared that Jeffreys told him he was a federal officer and advised him to plead guilty, which he did, the accused telling him that the time would be light, and if he put up a fight he would be taken before the federal court in Los Angeles.
Sergt. Llewellyn of the Long Beach police said he heard Jeffreys represent himself as a federal officer to prisoners he brought to the city jail.
Additional charges have been filed charging similar activities against Jeffreys and Metz, operating at Santa Monica and Venice, and against Jeffreys alone at Santa Ana.
San Bernardino County Sun, March 23, 1922, page 14
METZ LIBERATED ON BOOZE-RAID CHARGE
W. S. Jeffreys, Who Rounded Up Alleged Bootleggers
in This City and County, Held in Two Instances
Charges against A. W. Metz, who with W. S. Jeffreys figured in a hearing at Los Angeles yesterday as to illegal operations while acting as prohibition agents in various Southern California cities, have been dropped by the authorities.
Both Metz and Jeffreys worked in this city and county last year rounding up evidence in various bootlegging cases, according to Chief of Police Elmer Deiss.
While all charges against Metz were dropped, Jeffreys was held on the cases arising at Long Beach and Fullerton. Several witnesses from Santa Monica gave testimony yesterday to the effect that Jeffreys, posing under an assumed name in several instances, had induced them to break the prohibition law and later declared he was [a] federal officer, promising if they would plead guilty they would get a light fine. In one instance, that of Harry Gardner, the assessment was $500, but the defendant was later released [and] placed on probation for six months, as the witness put it. Mayor Berkley of Santa Monica, a witness for the defense, told how Jeffreys had been hired by the town officials on February 2 last to clean up the beach in that vicinity.
Riverside Daily Press, March 23, 1922, page 9
ALLEGED FAKE 'DRY' AGENT BOUND OVER
Mrs. Winnifred Roberts, formerly of Balboa and now a resident of Compton, did not appear yesterday as a witness in Los Angeles in the preliminary examination of W. S. Jeffreys and A. W. Metz, who are in federal custody on charges of having represented themselves as federal officers while conducting "dry" raids in Santa Ana, Fullerton, Long Beach, Santa Monica and Venice.
The examination was completed yesterday, and Mrs. Roberts will not be called unless it should be decided later to take up investigation of Jeffreys' actions while he was in Santa Ana, it was stated.
Testimony before United States Commissioner Long yesterday concerned activities of the detectives at Santa Monica, following which the charges against Jeffreys so far as concerned that city and all charges against Metz were dismissed. Jeffreys was held on charges developing from his activities at Long Beach.
Santa Ana Register, March 23, 1922, page 16
Indictments Against Jeffreys Will Be Asked
Federal grand jury will be asked to return indictments against W. S. Jeffreys, former "vice crusader" employed by District Attorney T. W. Duckworth here several months ago, charging him with impersonating a federal officer in Fullerton and Long Beach when the inquisitorial body meets in Los Angeles March 31. Jeffreys was arrested a few weeks ago.
Jeffreys was ordered held to the federal grand jury yesterday by U.S. Commissioner Long after a hearing of several days in Los Angeles.
San Bernardino County Sun, March 26, 1922, page 11
Parsons--Word has been received in Fort Worth that L. A. Parsons, 62, former resident of this city, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. W. S. Jeffreys, in Hollywood, Cal. at 5 a.m. Monday. Until eight months ago Parsons lived at 1211 Hemphill, but went to California for his health. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. L. A. Parsons; four daughters, Miss Gladys Parsons, Mrs. Earl Mims, Mrs. Albert Smith, all of Fort Worth, and Mrs. W. S. Jeffreys of Hollywood; two sons, Harold Parsons of Fort Worth and J. L. Parsons of Waco, and one brother, C. Parsons of Waxahachie. The body will be forwarded to Fort Worth for burial, but none of the arrangements have been completed.
Fort Worth Star-Telegram, May 9, 1922, page 15
SLEUTH IN RAID IN S.A. IS INDICTED
W. S. Jeffreys, detective who participated in a raid a year ago in this city that resulted in the arrest of Mrs. Lionel Roberts, of Balboa, on a charge from which she later was cleared in the city recorder's court, today was under indictment by a federal grand jury on a charge of impersonating a government officer.
Jeffreys is alleged to have represented himself as a federal officer in a number of spectacular dry raids in Southern California cities.
Following his indictment he gave himself up to the United States marshal in Los Angeles yesterday and was released on $5000 bail, which he put up last March, when he was held on a complaint charging a similar offense to that on which the indictment was based.
Santa Ana Register, July 14, 1922, page 19
AMEND COMPLAINT AGAINST TRUSTEES
With the filing in superior court here Saturday of an amended complaint, attention was again focused on the $150,000 damage suit brought by Winifred and Lionel Roberts against J. G. Mitchell and John Tubbs, Santa Ana city trustees, and W. S. Jeffreys, asserted private detective, who is said to have made the alleged false arrest on which the plaintiff based suit.
The suit was originally brought against the city and the aforementioned defendants, but a motion to strike in behalf of the city was sustained. Several weeks ago, a demurrer, brought by attorney Clyde Bishop for the three defendants, was sustained, and the amended complaint today was a result of this ruling.
Mrs. Roberts formerly resided at Balboa. According to her complaint, she was arrested and compelled to pay a fine of $10 when there was no probable cause for her arrest. When she pressed the case Mrs. Roberts was found not guilty of the charge brought against her. The local trustees would not refund the fine, she alleged.
Each of the defendants is sued for $25,000 damages and $25,000 exemplary damages, in addition to $431.50 for expenses.
Santa Ana Register, December 18, 1922, page 11
W. S. Jeffreys, motion pictures, Hollywood: Whitcomb [Hotel].
"Visitors in Our Midst: Theatrical," San Francisco Chronicle, March 17, 1925, page 12
Private Detective Given Two City Checks
W. S. Jeffreys, a private detective who was employed by Mayor R. E. Sherman and the city council last year to investigate reports of payoff from gambling and crime circles to members of the police department, was paid $600 in two checks out of the city's general fund.
According to records of the city auditor, Mr. Jeffreys was paid $300 November 16 on an order from the mayor and council by a check that was cashed by the detective a day later at the El Paso National Bank. The voucher for the check was marked "for professional services of W. S. Jeffreys."
On December 5, Mr. Jeffreys was paid $300 more, and he cashed the check at the El Paso National Bank.
Mayor Sherman testified at Peace Justice J. M. Goggin's court of inquiry that he and the council contracted with Mr. Jeffrey to make the survey for 12 days at a cost of $600.
He said the detective promised to make a complete survey that probably would reveal conclusive evidence of who was receiving payoff at a cost of $6000.
El Paso Herald-Post, July 18, 1935, page 3
Rhodes Threatens Peterson Ouster Following Expose of Investigator
An investigation of the San Diego police department, undertaken secretly four weeks ago by a special investigator hired by City Manager Fred A. Rhodes, was abruptly halted Saturday after Police Chief Clifford E. Peterson, in a dramatic session in Rhodes' office, accused the investigator of having a criminal record. Accounts of the encounter given by Peterson and Rhodes last night differed considerably. Rhodes said he hired Walter S. Jeffreys Sr. to conduct a probe of police department efficiency, for a fee of $350 a week, and that the police chief, apparently in retaliation, assigned detectives to investigate the investigator.
Peterson denied anyone else had been assigned and declared he had done his own sleuthing.
The city manager charged that Peterson "has spread the story around. Peterson's disclosure of this story is an outright act of disloyalty, and I won't have disloyal people working under me. If the story is published Peterson is through as police chief."
Rhodes said he learned Saturday that Dist. Atty. Thomas Whelan also was paying Jeffreys $350 a week on a concurrent investigation not concerned with the police department, but apparently neither official knew the other was employing Jeffreys.
Whelan declined to comment on the matter last night, other than to say that the investigation Jeffreys is conducting for him "has nothing whatever to do with Mr. Rhodes' survey of the police department."
Jeffreys could not be located in San Diego yesterday, and it was reported reliably he had left town Monday.
Mayor Harley E. Knox said last night that he does not "intend to interfere in nay way." He added that the city manager is empowered to oust the chief of police and that such action is final, except for the formality of a public hearing at which the chief is given a chance to air his side of a controversy. A new appointee, however, must receive approval of at least five of the city councilmen.
Rhodes said Peterson confronted Jeffreys in his office with pictures and police records showing that Jeffreys was convicted of a penal offense in 1905, when Jeffreys was 17.
Peterson said, however, that he had found in the local police department files, and in those of the state bureau of identification, records showing that Jeffreys served a sentence in Texas state prison for burglary, starting in 1907, and that through pictures and fingerprints he was identified as the same man who was arrested in Los Angeles county in 1919 for investigation of a felony and in 1922 was indicted by a Los Angeles federal grand jury on charges of impersonating a federal officer.
Peterson said there was no record of any disposition of the 1919 case, and the impersonation indictment was stricken from the federal court calendar in 1924.
Peterson said he told Rhodes and Jeffreys that he did not "propose to be questioned, or to submit to questioning, nor to let my officers and men be questioned by an ex-convict." He said he demanded return of confidential files and other police information turned over to Rhodes, who turned it over to Jeffreys.
Rhodes said Peterson accused Jeffreys of being a "racketeer" and threatened to arrest him.
ASKED TO LEAVE
Peterson said he and a police captain had gone to Rhodes' office Saturday after the city manager's return from Sacramento and that while they were Jeffreys walked in. He was confronted with documents and pictures assembled by Peterson.
The police chief said that twice during the conference he and the police captain were asked to leave the room while Rhodes and Jeffreys conferred in private.
"Jeffreys admitted serving time," Peterson said. "Subsequently I told him to return all information he had, including confidential files and such other secret information as the license numbers of undercover cars. We left Rhodes' office and started downstairs to Jeffreys' car to get the stuff. We met Tom Frost, special investigator for the district attorney's office, coming up. He told Jeffreys to come with him."
Peterson said he protested, asserting "this man is in my custody." They agreed to go instead to the district attorney's office to settle the question.
At Whelan's office, Peterson said he asked the district attorney why Frost had been sent for Jeffreys. Peterson said Whelan replied that Jeffreys had telephoned him (Whelan) twice from the Civic Center, complained that he was "being framed," and asked that Whelan send someone over to get him.
Rhodes' version was that Peterson had telephoned Whelan's office from the Civic Center for advice, only to learn that Whelan, too, was Jeffreys' employer. Rhodes said Peterson's threatened arrest of Jeffreys was not made, although Jeffreys "refused to show Peterson his credentials." Rhodes said the disclosure this time was the first he knew of Jeffreys' dual employment.
TELLS OF EMPLOYMENT
Peterson said Whelan told him he had employed Jeffreys since the Del Mar Race Track opened on July 11 "to investigate gambling in the county" and that the man had been hired at the suggestion of several ministers. Peterson said he and Whelan subsequently talked to the Rev. E. A. Vosseler, active in the San Diego County Ministerial Association, about Jeffreys, and it was agreed a meeting would be held Monday, which Whelan, Peterson, Rhodes, Jeffreys and the ministers would attend.
Peterson said he and Whelan Saturday afternoon located Jeffreys' automobile and found all the police questionnaires, in addition to other confidential papers and records, piled in open cardboard boxes in the rear of the car. These were segregated, Whelan taking information pertaining to gambling and Peterson taking papers from his department.
MATERIAL LOCKED UP
Peterson said he returned all the material he took from Jeffreys' car to Rhodes' office, where it was locked up over the weekend.
Last night Peterson said he learned that a meeting with the ministers was called in Whelan's name at National City on Sunday, but that the police chief was not invited, nor did Whelan arrive until after the session was over. Peterson said Jeffreys was present and attempted to talk to the ministers, but they walked out of the meeting.
Whelan told Peterson he had not called the Sunday meeting and that he had postponed calling the Monday meeting because of the absence from the city of the Rev. John Bunyan Smith, a prominent pastor of San Diego, away at a summer camp.
Vosseler said last night that his organization as a group had not had dealings with Jeffreys but that individual members had.
Among them was Dr. H. Watson Brown, National City pastor, who spearheaded a fight against gambling in that Southbay community some time ago. Brown said Jeffreys had "been here a number of times to investigate crime conditions, and I've always found him to be fine and straight." Brown added that in his investigations at National City "Jeffreys was a very great help."
Jeffreys admitted that he had "been in trouble once," Rhodes related, but said he had been trying to live it down for 40 years and was sorry the story finally came out, because a son "did not know."
The city manager asserted that Peterson's disclosure had discredited Jeffreys' work, and it was agreed by Rhodes and Jeffreys that the investigation stop. Rhodes said he paid Jeffreys $1400 for the four weeks' work.
Rhodes said "there was nothing underhanded in any of my dealings with him." He also denied that Jeffreys ever had used an alias to his (Rhodes') knowledge.
But Peterson said records on file in San Diego and in the state bureau of identification list the following names used by Jeffreys in the past: Walter Scott Jeffreys, Walter S. Jeffries, Charles E. Nevans, Henry Nevans, W. D. Chesterfield, Henry Seay, Victor M. Hayes, Jack Wilson, Victor Grant and finally, C. E. Smith, "under which name he was drawing pay from the county auditor."
Rhodes said he had heard that Peterson called men of the police department together yesterday morning and "told them to spread the story." Peterson said flatly: "That's not true!"
The city manager said Jeffreys came to him independently several weeks ago, bearing scores of recommendations and testimonials for his work from city managers and mayors all over the country. Among them was one from C. W. Koiner, Pasadena city manager, a friend of Rhodes', who confirmed in a telephone conversation that Jeffreys' work was satisfactory.
GIVEN TO JEFFREYS
Jeffreys prepared the questionnaire that subsequently was sent to each officer in the police department, including the chief, Rhodes said, and the questionnaires after being filled out were turned over to Jeffreys for study and analysis.
"Peterson was sore because he was not consulted," Rhodes declared yesterday. "I didn't want to consult him on it. Cooper (the late Walter Cooper, whom Rhodes succeeded) tried for four years to get certain things done in the police department.
"I have all the questionnaires at my own home. Peterson wanted me to mail them back to the men who sent them in, but I'll mail them back when I get good and ready. There were a lot of good suggestions made by the men, and when we get a new police chief those suggestions will be in the back of my mind."
Rhodes said Whelan "has had lots of experience with Jeffreys" and that Jeffreys was recommended to Whelan "by the ministerial association."
San Diego Union, August 24, 1945, page 1
Chief of Police 'Standing Pat'
Peterson Awaits Letter of Dismissal from Rhodes; Councilmen Divided
With the statement that the was "standing pat," Chief of Police Clifford E. Peterson last night awaited a letter of dismissal promised earlier in the day by City Manager Fred A. Rhodes, who said he would fire Peterson for disloyalty. Meantime, the Civic Center buzzed with speculation over the eventual lineup of city councilmen and the mayor in a fight which came into the open after the Union yesterday disclosed that the two officials had clashed Saturday over Rhodes' employment of W. S. Jeffreys, a private investigator, to conduct an inquiry into operation of the police department.
RHODES HAS POWER
Rhodes has the undisputed power to discharge the police chief, but in turn is responsible to the council, which appoints the manager.
Five councilmen yesterday reflected as many shades of opinion on the dispute between the city manager and the police chief. Those who commented included Ernest J. Boud, at first noncommittal, who last night expressed regret that the dispute had occurred but paid tribute to the record of Chief Peterson.
It was disclosed during the day that Jeffreys has been employed intermittently over a period of years by District Atty. Thomas Whelan, on whose payroll he reportedly was drawing $350 a week for another investigation at the time he was being paid a like sum by Rhodes.
Peterson's protest against hiring Jeffreys was based on the chief's discovery that the investigator had an old police record.
CALLS CHIEF 'LIAR'
But yesterday the contention was whether Peterson had or had not "spread the story around the police department," as charged by Rhodes. Replying to the accusation that he had called men of the department in and told them to spread the story, Peterson denied flatly that he had done so.
Another point of dispute was whether Peterson had ordered his men to "tail" the city manager's investigator. Peterson denied that he had, but Rhodes said: "Peterson's a damn liar. He had a crew following Jeffreys for several days."
RECOMMENDED BY CLERGY
Whelan and Rhodes both said that they did not know Jeffreys was being employed by the other. Both agreed that they thought Jeffreys should have told them of his other employment, but both said that they considered Jeffreys had done a competent job.
In a prepared statement, Whelan said Jeffreys "was originally recommended to me for employment by members of the San Diego clergy, whose names I prefer to keep confidential, and these ministers have from time to time recommended his employment on specific occasions. In making these investigations and crime surveys, I have found Mr. Jeffreys and his assistants both accurate and trustworthy."
None of several ministers queried last night recalled having recommended Jeffreys to Whelan, but several said that Whelan had brought Jeffreys into contact with them.
Whelan said Jeffreys was employed by the county under the name of C. E. Smith and that many of the clergymen had known him under that name.
Among ministers interviewed was the Rev. E. A. Vosseler, former president of the Ministerial Association, who said that as far as he knew records of the association did not show that the group had ever urged the employment of Jeffreys by the district attorney.
"Mr. Jeffreys is not and never has been a regular employee of the district attorney's staff, but has served as an independent contractor," Whelan said.
Neither Whelan nor Rhodes knew Jeffreys' whereabouts yesterday. Rhodes explained that Jeffreys made all of the contacts with him. Whelan said that Jeffreys was probably outside of the city, "possibly for fear of being arrested by police."
Peterson declared that the only address he had been able to find for Jeffreys was a post office box number in Hollywood.
Whelan explained that there was nothing in Jeffreys' contract with the county which made his time exclusively that of the county's, and added that the fee which the county paid him included the pay for two assistants and also for Mrs. Jeffreys, who helped him.
Mayor Knox said he did not know the city had an investigator and would not interfere in any way. Councilman Charles B. Wincote declared the worst aspect of the case was that a man who had gone straight for almost 40 years should have his past misdeeds exposed. He said he was "frightfully disappointed" in Peterson's action.
DAIL BACKS RHODES
In the view of Councilman Charles C. Dail, the chief was acting like an "adolescent insubordinate." He declared the council was "100 percent behind the city manager."
Councilman Walter W. Austin said he was concerned that Jeffreys should accept employment from the city and county governments at the same time without letting either know that he was serving the other. "I believe Chief Peterson is an honest man," he added. "As to his disloyalty to Rhodes, I don't know. He is entitled to a hearing."
Councilman Boud said, "I regret very much that after going through hard days now behind us, with an administration that has been a credit to itself, this disturbance developed, and it would seem to me that a peaceful solution would be the constructive conclusion. It would seem to me that the excellent record of our police department the last five trying years reflects considerable credit upon Chief Peterson."
HIRED IN GOOD FAITH
Rhodes explained that he had hired Jeffreys in good faith, on the recommendation of the city manager of Pasadena, to make the survey of the police department.
"I think it would have helped Chief Peterson with his work. But he did not want any suggestions, either from above or below. By going behind my back to build up heat against me he showed his disloyalty. And disloyalty is one thing I will not tolerate."
He said he would write a letter of dismissal either this week or next week. He added that he had not decided whom he would put in as acting chief after Peterson's removal, but added that "I am strong for local men."
Rhodes said Peterson showed records indicating Jeffreys had been convicted of a penal offense in 1905 at the age of 17; Peterson said Jeffreys had been sentenced for burglary in Texas in 1907; Whelan said that Jeffreys had been pardoned by the governor of Texas, and there was "no record against him."
Peterson also said that Jeffreys was arrested in Los Angeles County in 1919 for investigation on a felony, and in 1922 was indicted by a Los Angeles grand jury on a charge of impersonating a federal officer, but that there was no record of a conviction on either of these counts. The federal charge was stricken from the record in 1924.
San Diego Union, August 25, 1945, page 1
Last revised June 6, 2016