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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County News: 1867



    The Jacksonville Sentinel says of the late storm: From all sources of information, the storm must have been much more severe in other localities than this valley. No communication was had over Scott Mountain, except on snow shoes, for eleven days, and many of the streams north and south of here were so badly swollen as to obstruct travel of any kind.
"Oregon Items," Daily Alta California, San Francisco, January 12, 1867, page 1


     EARTHQUAKE AT KLAMATH.--The express which left Fort Klamath on the morning of January 8th for Jacksonville brings news of an earthquake which would do credit to South America. The report is by order of the commander of the post, and is therefore authentic. It reads as follows:
     We have singular if not serious news to send by express just leaving: This morning at daylight we were startled from sleep by the shock of an earthquake, immediately followed by a noise as of distant thunder; but in a little while quiet reigned. Everyone was conversing and laughing heartily at the singular phenomena; but our countenances soon underwent a serious change. It began to grow dark--the whole heavens were full of a very black smoke or cloud; the air had a sulfurous smell and ashes of a brownish color fell as fast as I ever saw it snow. We had to use candles in the mess room. The most of us went into breakfast, but had only got fairly into our seats when, horror! the earth seemed rolling like waves upon the ocean. Everyone was thrown to the floor and only regaining their feet to be placed again in the same position. With the rattling of dishes, crashing of window glass, cracking timber of the buildings and the screams of the frightened boys, you could not imagine a more perfect chaos. Some of us gained the door, and such a sight met our gaze! The tall, majestic pines which surround the fort seemed lashing themselves into fury, the wagons in front of the stables were engaged in pitched battles, horses and cattle lying crouched upon the ground and uttering the most pitiful moans, dogs howling, and the unearthly yells and cries of the Klamath Indians encamped near the Fort completed the scene. We imagined that we were amid the wreck of matter and crash of worlds. The sutler's store was thrown about twenty feet from its former position. No lives were lost. Most of us are of the opinion that a volcano has broken loose near the Klamath marsh, as a continuous dark volume of smoke is seen ascending in that direction. There was about half an hour between the first and second shocks. The first was only perceptible; the 2nd lasted, as near as can be judged, two or three minutes. Mr. Whitmore has just arrived from the Agency, and reports that Klamath Lake has lowered about six feet and is still falling. Crooked Creek, a stream between this place and the Agency, was dried completely up.
Oregon City Enterprise, January 19, 1867, page 2  This is a hoax. See January 28 and February 14 entries below.


The Late Storm.
    The ravages of the late storm, and the damage done, real and prospective, cannot be estimated. The adage that "In peace we should prepare for war" has been clearly demonstrated within the past week.
    The damages done on Jackson Creek, and in Jacksonville, cannot as yet be estimated even approximately. The rain commenced to fall on Friday afternoon, about 4 p.m., and continued to fall until Monday noon. The highest water, at town, was Sunday night, at about 11 o'clock. Above town, the damage was to mining claims, taking away all sluices and flumes, and filling up the diggings, so that it will take weeks to repair the damages sustained, and, in some instances, work is stopped for the winter. In town, the first building attacked was Plymale's Livery Stable. The water was high enough to run around the building on the side fronting "C" Street. Great fears entertained that the waters would break through in the old drift or tunnel running down "C" Street, in which case the whole creek would probably have cut a channel, discharging into  Rich Gulch at the Clerk's office. J. Roudabush, opposite the livery stable, suffered severely, the water washing away the bank to within a few feet of his door. The fruit trees standing in the yard were washed up by the roots. The house occupied by J. Flood's family was surrounded by water, and the floors covered with sand and sediment. The bridge, built by Street Commissioner Fidler in 1865, stood. The greatest sufferer on Oregon Street is J. R. Wade. His lot is completely ruined. Sand, gravel and stones are banked up on all sides of his house, so the floor is the lowest, and is liable, without a minute's notice, to be filled with water and sediment. Mr. Hull's garden was overflowed, notwithstanding the great amount of money and labor expended on levees and embankments. The breakwater put in by Clugage at the foot of Fourth Street was washed out and the water then had full possession of the bank, washing it away very fast, and greatly endangering the house now occupied by Dr. Cabaniss. From that point, the water was thrown with great force against the breakwater built by the town, lower down. This gave away, and the water took the road, a part running through the grape garden of John Neuber, doing great damage. Ober is damaged much, principally by gravel being washed over his garden. The valley road is greatly damaged and utterly impassable for vehicles. M. Hanley's farm is injured, not so much by being covered with gravel as by the land being washed away. Below his farm we have not heard what the damages are.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 26, 1867, page 2


    THANKS.--Madam De Guilfoyle tenders her thanks to her patrons, and announces that the party on St. Valentine's Day will be given in the elegant and spacious hall just finished by Mr. Veit Schutz, which will ensure a greater degree of comfort than has been experienced at any party heretofore given in this town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 26, 1867, page 2


    THE KLAMATH EARTHQUAKE A HOAX.--A dispatch from Toll House, Siskiyou Mountain, Jan. 21, says: "George Nurse, sutler at Fort Klamath, who left that place January 9th, the day after the reported earthquake, says the whole thing was made of whole cloth, that there is no such person as N. L. Tennison of the fort, and that he thinks some of the soldiers who felt themselves humbugged in not being mustered out set it up to humbug the world."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 28, 1867, page 3


The Great Storm in Southern Oregon.
    We obtain the following additional information about the ravages of the great storm in Southern Oregon from the Jacksonville Press of the 26th ult. The Press comes to us almost reduced to pulp--pretty good evidence of the severity of the storm:
    "The storm which raged in this region during the greater part of last week and the early part of this is almost unexampled in this region, and in every direction, as far as we have any communication, its effects have been very disastrous. During the early part of last week, and for some days previously, considerable snow fell in the mountainous regions around us, which was followed by a warm, continuous rain which lasted until about noon on Monday last. This caused unusually heavy freshets in all the streams and ravines to the north, south and west of us, flooding nearly the whole valley, tearing up the roads, carrying off bridges, destroying fences, and overrunning and cutting away large tracts of rich and valuable land from many of the farms bordering on the various streams. No stages have arrived or departed from this place from Friday the 18th up to the present writing. The ravines and gullies between this and Willow Springs, over which the Oregon road passes, poured down raging torrents, carrying off nearly every one of the bridge and cutting deep and dangerous channels in the road. At one time it was reported that Rock Point bridge had been carried away, also the Evans Creek bridge; but fortunately this is not the case. Cow Creek bridge was, however, carried away. Both the ferries on Rogue River have been partially destroyed. Last fall Mr. Bybee, proprietor of the upper ferry, stretched a large wire rope across the river at that point, but the trees to which it was attached (immense ones at that) were washed out by the roots, and the rope lays somewhere in the bed of the river. The same misfortune occurred at Vannoy's ferry. Very serious damage was done to property all along the banks of Rogue River.
    To the west, on the Crescent City road, the streams were higher than was ever known. On Slate Creek the bridge was carried away and an immense amount of property destroyed along its course to its mouth. The same is the case on Applegate. On Illinois River the freshet made ravages, breaking from its own channel, overrunning a large amount of valuable property, and cutting for itself a new channel--the bridge that formerly spanned that stream being now stretched over dry land.
    "South of us communication was stopped beyond Eagle Mills, on account of the overflow of Bear Creek near that point, cutting up the road along the bottom, and making it totally impassable for stages, and extremely perilous to attempt it under any circumstances. All the little bridges spanning dikes or rivulets on this road also have been torn up and washed away.
    "In our immediate vicinity the destruction of property has been very great. On Thursday of last week Jackson Creek commenced assuming its threatening aspect as it dashed and foamed under the bridge on Oregon Street. As the rain continued the snow kept melting and the stream increased in force and volume, threatening to sweep away the lower portion of the town. To give our readers at a distance some idea of the character and condition of this stream, we will state that for the last sixteen years extensive mining operations have been carried on along Jackson Creek, its banks and its tributaries, and the accumulation of tailings and debris along its course from season to season has been so great as to have filled the original bed of the creek of from 12 to 20 feet, which has caused the stream to overflow the banks and gradually encroach upon the improved property along its course. During the last half dozen winters it changed its course as many times, carrying off or demolishing dwellings and fences and laying waste and filling in beautiful gardens, so that now a large portion of what was once the prettiest part of the town is nothing but a vast waste of gravel, boulders, decomposed stumps and brush. All this might easily have been avoided if the owners of property in the vicinity of the creek had only taken timely precautions and confined the water to its proper and natural channel by assisting it, at the commencement of each winter, to carry off the deposits of gravel accumulated in its bed during the subsidence of the water the preceding spring. This important matter was neglected, and the result is that greater damage has been done this winter than ever before. During the past week the water overran whole blocks at a time; the whole of the lower part of town was inundated; fine gardens were destroyed; houses were undermined and almost carried off bodily--families having to flee from them for safety. At one time quite a large stream poured down C Street, and Plymale's stable was in imminent danger; the firmness of its foundation saved it. The principal sufferer, in town, by the freshet, we believe, is Mr. Roudebush, who lives just above the bridge, about one-third of his garden having been carried away, including many valuable fruit trees. On Sunday night it as though his house would be carried away and his furniture was hastily removed to a place of safety by his friends; fortunately the storm abated before the water had time to carry away the foundation. Mr. Hall also suffered heavily, his fine garden having been gutted by the swollen streams which spread in every direction, carrying destruction on their course. The bulkhead built by the Messrs. Clugage at the foot of Fourth Street was demolished. Mr. Obar's barn, and Dr. Robinson's also, on Fifth Street, were carried away. The new, stout stockade fence around Plymale's stable was actually beaten to pieces by the force of the water, as was that around the residence of Mr. Neil; while the fence, garden, and everything around Mr. Wade's residence was totally destroyed. This is only a tithe of the damage to town property that has resulted from the negligence of the owners (with a few exceptions) to prepare for such emergencies.
    What the farmers below town have suffered we have not yet learned, but it must have been considerable. The only persons who have reaped any benefit from the storm are a few of the mining companies on the creek--the majority of them have suffered considerable loss in flumes, filling up of claims, etc.
    On the east side of town considerable damage was done by the freshet from Rich Gulch, owing to the choking up of the channel by drift during the night. The residences of Messrs. Fay, Jacobs, Judge and others suffered considerably--the lots surrounding some of them being covered with water to the depth of eighteen inches. The brick foundation of Mr. Judge's dwelling (so recently erected) was undermined and the cellar caved in. Part of the overflow from Rich Gulch also made its way through the garden of Mr. Bilger, doing much damage.
    Unless the town authorities take the matter in hand, another winter will totally ruin the lower part of town. Let them see to it promptly.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 8, 1867, page 1


Man Drowned.
    JACKSONVILLE, February 7.--Thomas Armpriest was drowned while attempting to ford Bear Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, last week .His body has not yet been recovered. His parents removed to California about a year since, and are residing near Watsonville, Santa Cruz County.
Stockton Independent, February 8, 1867, page 3


    The Sentinel of the 2nd says: Mr. Patterson informed us last evening that Thomas Armpriest was drowned in Bear Creek, Thursday evening, near Mr. Kincaid's. He was returning from Jacksonville and attempted to cross Bear Creek where there was no ford and, jumping his horse off of a steep bank into swimming water, was at once carried off by the swift current. Search was made for the body but, up to Friday morning, without success. The accident occurred below the mouth of Jackson Creek, not far from Rogue River, and it is quite probable that the body has been carried into this latter stream.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 11, 1867, page 2


    THE EARTHQUAKE STORY.--We have received a letter from Captain Sprague, of Fort Klamath, says the Yreka Journal, which we publish below, explaining the origin of the "sell." As we expressed our doubts of its truth at the time on the strength of the Klamath River keeping its usual body of water, we were not badly sold, even if we did publish it. The report was telegraphed from Jacksonville, and is still circulating through the press below, and will soon go the rounds of the East, before a refutal of it can catch up:
FORT KLAMATH, Ogn., January 31, 1867.
    MR. JOURNAL: I have seen in a late number of your paper an account of "an earthquake," said to have quaked about the 10th inst. I have [not] felt nor seen any quaking, except since the appearance of your paper some boys at this post, fearing they had "put their foot in it," have felt a little shaky.
    Mr. Gault, editor of the Sentinel at Jacksonville, and some of the boys at this post are intimate friends and associates, and have been in the habit of joking with each other, and as earthquakes, and other quakes, are all the go now days, I suppose the men thought they would run a sell on Gault, not considering the effect it might have elsewhere; but instead of trapping him, it was the means of deceiving you and others. I do not know who it was that started the thing, but it seems to me that the very magnitude of the shake should have excited suspicion. The idea that a house could be thrown twenty feet without damaging it is ludicrous, and when Klamath Lake, or the water in the lake, sinks six feet, there will be room for many more settlers in this neighborhood, for the water in the lake will not average more than six feet deep.
    That this part of Oregon is volcanic is certain, and that earthquakes may happen is also reasonable to suppose, but nothing of the kind has taken place here so far. That these boys considered the mischief they might possibly cause by starting such a story I do not believe, but merely attempted to have a little sport at Gault's expense. There has fallen at the Post altogether about seven feet of snow this winter, and now covers the ground about thirty inches, preventing us from hunting Indians, and them from hunting us.
Yours,
    F. B. SPRAGUE,
        Captain, Commanding.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, February 14, 1867, page 1


    The Press thinks Jackson County ahead of any other in the state in regard to horse flesh, whether from superiority of stock, the favorable character of her climate, or what other cause we will not venture to decide. Mr. James Dawson, who resides on Bear Creek, has the finest three-year-old stallion we remember to have seen on this coast. He is a "Vermont" horse, stands about seventeen hands high, is beautifully clean-limbed, has immense breadth and depth of chest, ponderous hindquarters, and is altogether a model of equine symmetry and strength. His owner has named him in honor of that most gifted of Ireland's sons, "Edmund Burke."
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 18, 1867, page 2


    PITCHED BATTLE AMONG CELESTIALS.--On Thursday last, says the Jacksonville, Oregon Press of the 19th ult., a big fight occurred between the Chinamen of the Foo Chow party on the one side, and the Wing How on the other. Both these companies are engaged in mining on Jackass and in that vicinity, and the cause of the fight is said to have originated in some dispute about claims. The combatants are said to have numbered one hundred to one hundred and twenty, and their arms consisted of picks, shovels, sluice-forks, pikes, clubs and other irregular weapons. Our informant states that their yells and gesticulations were perfectly demoniac, and prevented his nearer approach than about one hundred and fifty yards on account of the fright of his horses. At the time he left, several Johns lay prostrate on the field of battle, either dead or seriously wounded; and before he reached town he was overtaken by two or three Celestials on horseback who were rushing after doctors in furious haste, but all the information that could be obtained was: "Heap Chinaman--muchee fight." How the affair terminated--or whether it has yet ended--we have not learned.
Mariposa Gazette, Mariposa, California, February 23, 1867, page 2



    The Press of Jacksonville says: "The late storm played sad havoc with the farms along Bear Creek, some of them being almost totally ruined. Sam. Colver is about the heaviest sufferer. He says he has scarcely land enough left to hold a mortgage."
"Later from Oregon," Sacramento Daily Union, February 27, 1867, page 3


    The beefy-pated monstrosity who sets himself up as editor (Heaven save the mark!) of the Jacksonville Press says we claim to be a printer, and for want of something with a particle of truth in it to say against us, proceeds to slash away at the Courier for alleged typographical inaccuracies. The ninny naturally has little or no regard for truth, but we confess we had not thought even such a batch of depravity as him capable of asserting so barefaced and obvious a falsehood as to say that we claimed to be a printer, in the face of the fact that we had repeatedly said in the columns of the Courier that we were not a printer. The mullet-head is galled because we knocked his air castle in behalf of Jackson County endwise. Goodbye, you maudlin caricature on humanity.
Lafayette Courier, February 26, 1867, page 2


    ANOTHER WOOLEN MILL CO.--A dispatch from Jacksonville to the Oregonian says: The Rogue River Valley Woolen Manufacturing Company have filed articles of incorporation. Their place of business is Ashland, Jackson County, Oregon. The capital stock is $30,000. The incorporators are James T. Glenn, R. B. Hargadine, John E. Ross, J. B. Wrisley, Jas. Thornton, John H. Walker, J. B. McCall, and M. Hanley.
Oregon City Enterprise, March 2, 1867, page 3

        A dispatch from Jacksonville of the 20th February says: The Rogue River Valley Woolen Manufacturing Company have today filed their articles of incorporation. Their place of business is Ashland, Jackson County, Oregon. The capital stock is $30,000. The incorporators are James T. Glenn, R. B. Hargadine, John E. Ross, J. B. Wrisley. Jas. Thornton, John H. Walker, J. B. McCall, and M. Hanley.
"Oregon Items," Daily Alta California, San Francisco, March 7, 1867, page 3


    In Southern Oregon the prospect is not promising for a crop of wheat the present year. A Jacksonville paper says: The amount of wheat already sown is unusually small; much of that has been greatly damaged, and many acres completely killed out by excessive and continued moisture. The ground is so thoroughly saturated that plowing and sowing seems out of the question, and many think that by the time land is sufficient dry to enable farmers to work it, the season will be too far advanced to assure a fair crop. The storm has been so general that the same effects are felt in the adjoining counties, and the present prospect is that flour and grain will command a fair price the next season.
    A Kerbyville correspondent of the Sentinel writes as follows under date of February 26th: "We are suffering from a storm of snow, rain and wind almost unparalleled for its severity. Large trees are prostrated in every direction. A large pine tree standing near the Clerk's office in this town fell across the barn of Short & Dessinger, cutting it completely in two. Mr. Charles Duncan at that time had his valuable team of four horses stalled in it, but they luckily escaped with only a big scare; his large freight wagon escaped destruction narrowly, as it had the tongue broken off close by the bed. A large tree fell over into the yard of Mr. Lind, knocking down a shed. Snow has fell fierce and fast on the neighboring mountains, and at present I am informed is six feet deep at Browntown, Althouse Creek."
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, March 12, 1867, page 2


A Mystery.
    The Southern Oregon Press relates the following "mysterious story":
    Some two weeks ago a couple of "tramps"--a man and a woman--each with a large carpet sack in hand, passed through the valley from the north. At Willow Springs they stopped at the store of Mr. Jacobs to rest themselves. On inquiry they informed Mr. Jacobs that they walked all the way from Portland, being unable to pay stage fare, and were on their way to California. The woman, who was tall for her sex, was, apparently, comfortably clothed, but her husband was not so well off, his toes peeping out of his boots and various other evidences of poverty manifesting themselves. Mr. Jacobs, commiserating his travel-worn condition, generously furnished him with a pair of new shelters for his pedals, and the couple went on their way rejoicing. Before proceeding far, however, they stopped at a saloon and there called for a bottle of wine, cigars, etc., spending for these luxuries, as we are informed, some three or four dollars, and having, as it seems, many dollars left. On hearing of this luxurious extravagance, Mr. Jacobs felt slightly "sold" and was rather indignant, but by that time the loving couple were on their way to Jacksonville, where they arrived that evening and put up at the Franco-American. Here they represented themselves as a couple in search of employment, and desirous of taking charge of the culinary and dining room duties at just such an establishment, as they were stopping at. The hostess, having experienced considerable difficulty in securing the right kind of help, thought this a first-rate opportunity, and made arrangements with the couple to take charge--the woman of the kitchen and the man of the dining room, they to enter on the discharge of their duties the following day. Her old "helps" were discharged, and the hostess retired for the night in high spirits in anticipation of the success of her new arrangement. In the morning, however, at the usual early breakfast hour, some of the boarders arrived, and were rather astonished to find the dining room cold--no fire in the stove. After waiting some time in expectation of the appearance of someone to cater to their appetites, and no one appearing, they became somewhat impatient and clamored for breakfast. The hostess got up and proceeded to the kitchen, expecting that the beginners, fatigued with their long journey, had overslept themselves; but on entering the factory of soups and sauces, behold! the "range" was cold, and no one to be seen. On proceeding to the bedchamber of the couple, they were found to be non est. It transpired after awhile that these itinerants had been seen starting out before it was quite day--carpet bags in hand, but in what direction no one knew. Madame was, of course, compelled to induce her former employees to resume work, and now that everything is again going along smoothly, it would prove quite a task for anyone to convince Madame that a "bird in the hand is not worth two in the bush."
    But now we will follow our couple of tramps, and the sequel will verify the principle of the old adage that "all that glitters is not gold." Mr. Colwell, the stage driver between this and Kerbyville, informs us that the couple of itinerants to question peregrinated between this place and Crescent City, stopping overnight at different places along the road, and at each place assuming a new character and a different object and termination in their pilgrimage. We should have stated here that the talking was all done by the husband, who seemed to be quite a linguist, speaking French, Spanish, and English fluently, as well as being a perfect master of the Irish brogue. The wife, on the other hand, was remarkably bashful and taciturn. At Kerbyville he (the husband) represented himself to be a French physician who had met with misfortunes, and was desirous of securing a modest practice somewhere. French Pete, who was his confidant, was induced to hunt up a house in the neighborhood for the new practitioner, which he succeeded in doing, and returned to inform his new friends of his success, but only in time to learn that they had started out, carpet bags in hand, immediately after his departure in search of a house. When last heard from they were somewhere beyond Sailor Diggings, on their way, as they informed the last person with whom they came in contact, to San Francisco. It also appears that during Pete's absence in search of a house, some inquisitive individual made the astounding discovery--Oh, horror!--that the creature in female habiliments was a man. How it was found out deponent sayeth not, but the fact is generally believed as immediately thereafter the party "mizzled." Of course, the various parties that have been victimized by them will like to hear that they were not alone galled--that the sell was a pretty general one. But the question arises, what induced them to travel in that style and in assumed characters? The man (he in breeches) was smart and intelligent; what the qualifications of the other were is not known, except his remarkable stillness of tongue was enough in itself to contradict the assumed character he bore. They had plenty of means and suffered for nothing in their travels. Can anyone unravel the mystery?
Morning Oregonian, Portland, March 30, 1867, page 4  This couple may be the "Rev. Dr. E. C. Rowland" and wife who attempted to bilk the Corvallis Gazette in January.


    Jacksonville is again assuming a lively appearance from the number of new buildings going up and the numerous other permanent improvements being made by our citizens, says the Press. Shade trees are being planted in front of all the private dwellings, which, with proper care, in a few years will make Jacksonville the most picturesque of Oregon towns.
"Oregon," Oregon City Enterprise, April 6, 1867, page 2


    HOMICIDE.--Last Thursday night a difficulty occurred between two squaws on Kanaka Flat. The dispute was about the possession of a shawl. One of them drew a bowie knife from her stocking and stabbed the other in the back as she was moving into a cabin. The wounded squaw turned on her assailant like an enraged tigress, wrenched the weapon from her hands, and before she could get away plunged the knife to the hilt a little below the shoulder blade, the point of the weapon penetrated the heart, causing death in a very few minutes. The Sheriff was informed of the fracas next morning, and accompanied by the Coroner, physician and jury proceeded to the place. The above facts were elicited at the inquest, and the jury returned a verdict accordingly--justifiable homicide.
Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, April 6, 1867, page 2


    HORSE SHOW.--Arrangements have been made by several of our prominent stock raisers for an exhibition of their stallions and colts sired by them; the meeting to take place in Jacksonville, on Saturday, the 27th of the present month. Owners of stallions and jacks are earnestly solicited to bring forward their animals, with their two-year-old, yearling and sucking colts, as it is proposed to make this exhibition the initiatory movement towards establishing an annual county fair. This is a move in the right direction. An annual fair is necessary to the prosperity of any county so largely interested in the stock-raising business as Jackson is, even if her agricultural interests were wanting; but as she occupies a position in wealth and importance second to none on the coast of equal natural capacity, the necessity for the organization of an industrial association in our midst becomes imperative. Such an institution will conduce largely to the improvement of our agricultural system by exciting a feeling of rivalry and emulation among our farmers, while our mechanics will also have a similar incentive to excellence in their various departments of industry. To our stock-raisers these meetings will be invaluable, as by the exhibition of their animals it will be found which "crosses" make the best "hits," thus tending materially to the improvement of our breeds of stock. Farmers, all! do not let another year slip away without organizing such a beneficent institution; but on the last Saturday of this month, bring yourselves and your stock together, and "clinch" the matter by establishing the "Jackson County Agricultural and Industrial Society," and your enterprise will be rewarded a thousandfold.
Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, April 6, 1867, page 3



    FIRST OF APRIL:--Monday last being the patronal day of fools of all ages, sorts, sexes and sizes, some of the breed in this locality established their claims to the title by several practical jokes (?). The footbridge which spanned the creek on Oregon Street was dislocated and thrown into the stream, making it impossible for pedestrians to cross without wading over their knees. Somebody of like "ilk" tied (or attempted to tie) strings to the clapper of the church bells, and extending the same across the street, for the purpose, no doubt, of alarming the town during the night. Fortunately the thing "wouldn't work," so our citizens were saved from being victimized in that manner. Strings were stretched across thoroughfares, knee high, to the imminent danger of life and limb, etc.
Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, April 6, 1867, page 3


    ROBBERY.--Last Sunday night some mercenary wretch entered the sleeping apartment of Mr. Hugh Donnelly, on California Street, and while that gentleman was peacefully reposing in the arms of Morpheus abstracted $19 in coin, and a specimen worth $7.50, from under his pillow. There were two other persons sleeping in the room at the time, neither of whom were disturbed. No clue has been discovered as to the perpetrator of the act.
Southern Oregon Press, Jacksonville, April 6, 1867, page 3



    STRONG BUTTER.--A farmer named Davis, of Jackson County, sent Mad. Jeannie Guilfoyle, of Jacksonville, 300 pounds of rancid butter. She was so incessantly bothered by Davis that at last she paid him off in greenbacks. After this Davis published her. In her reply the following occurs:
    "That this butter was as bad as I have represented it to be, I can bring any amount of proof. One of my boarders, to whom I was talking, yesterday, in regard to this matter, got off a couple of good hits, as follows: Talking of the fact that Davis sent in the place of bringing the butter into town, he said, that didn't appear at all wonderful to him; and, in fact, it wouldn't have surprised him very much if the butter had risen in its majesty and walked into Jacksonville. 'And Madame,' said he, 'certain facts which this greenbacking affair has brought to view suffice to explain the fact that for some months past the Good Templars have appeared generally to withhold their patronage from 'The Franco-American'--they have taken a vow not to use anything strong."
Oregon City Enterprise, April 13, 1867, page 1


    The Jacksonville Sentinel of the 5th inst. says: On Thursday evening a row occurred among the squaws on Kanaka Flat, in which one Peggy was killed and one named Lilly was wounded. The facts, as brought out before the jury, are to the effect that Peggy and a friend, named Molly, went to the house of a Kanaka named Bottles to get a shawl which was claimed by Lilly. Peggy got hold of the shawl and started for the door. Lilly seized one end of it and started the other way, at which Peggy drew a knife from her stocking leg and stabbed Lilly in the back. Lilly turned quickly, snatched the knife from Peggy and inflicted a stab under the left shoulder blade, which pierced the heart and killed her almost instantly.
    Speaking of the newly discovered gold mines in Southern Oregon, the Sentinel says: The district appears to be in this (Jackson) county, in the mountains north of Rogue River, near the headwaters of Jumpoff Joe. From the best information we can get, the creek passes through a basin or flat, near its source. The mountains and hillsides are heavily timbered, and the basin very much resembles Boise Basin--in miniature. Prospecting, thus far, has been limited to the creek and a few gulches, on account of the snow, which has varied in depth from six to two feet. It is believed, and so stated, by persons who have visited the district, that diggings that will pay from three to fifteen dollars per day to the hand, and afford employment for many of our industriously inclined citizens, have already been discovered. After the snow shall have disappeared, it is believed that the prospecting will be prosecuted to the successful development of much more extensive diggings. It shall be our object to obtain and place before our readers the most reliable successes and discoveries of this new camp. The miners have already held a miner's meeting and passed mining laws regulating the taking, holding and disposing of claims.
    It seems probable that the project for the erection of a woolen factory in Southern Oregon will fail. A Jacksonville paper says: From Phoenix to the foot of the Siskiyou Mountain, the citizens have done well, having subscribed for $18,700 of the capital stock. From the former point to Rock Point, a district containing some of the wealthiest men in Jackson County, only $2,500 has been subscribed, and in the town of Jacksonville not a single dollar has been contributed, so we are informed. Scripturally speaking, there are none so deaf as those who won't hear, and we know of no argument that would loosen the purse strings of our townsmen except the assurance that a factory should be located at this point. Their niggardliness in refusing to aid a project that would be an ultimate benefit to the county at large may, perhaps, induce the people of the upper end of the valley to use more strenuous efforts to accomplish their enterprise and will undoubtedly create a feeling of local jealousy that will end in disadvantage to Jacksonville. The Ashland people will ultimately see the necessity of withholding tribute from those who refuse to reciprocate. There is yet $3,300 necessary to absorb all the capital stock, and we earnestly hope our Ashland neighbors will not abandon the cause until the amount is raised. Southern Oregon must, and will, manufacture her own wool; and the real question at issue is whether a factory for that purpose is to be located in this or Umpqua Valley. We urge our townsmen to view the matter in this light and consider whether they do not prefer its location eighteen rather than one hundred miles from this point.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, April 13, 1867, page 2


    CROPS.--Southern Oregon will not produce large crops of wheat this year. Many persons assign the early commencement and long continuance of the rains of the past fall and winter, which prevented the farmer from preparing and seeding his ground, as the reason. Others declare that there is no use of throwing away labor to produce wheat, when there is so large a quantity on hand and the price of flour so nominal--why not wait until the scarcity increases the price? The latter argument or suggestion is not original with Southern Oregon, it having had its origin in the Webfoot district, located far north of this, and, perhaps, as fine a grain-growing country as can be found on the Pacific Slope; yet from its earliest settlement it has been the general custom of the farmers and settlers to abstain from the production of any of the necessaries of consumption until the price would justify a full compensation for the labor required to produce or obtain the commodity; hence, in many cases, the farmer turned his grain fields into pastures, because he could not realize a price for wheat and other products; the stock raiser even ceased to make butter for his own family's use, and turned his cattle all out to run wild together, thus depending upon the growth and the increase of his stock for a support and income; and in many cases the farmer has been compelled to ship his flour, potatoes and cabbage from California--the stock raiser his butter and cheese, when, in fact, he owned from 50 to 100 milch cows. This is no romance but a simple statement of stubborn facts. Our advice to the farmers of Southern Oregon is not to be deterred from producing your regular annual crops on account of low prices. A market may be found when you have your granaries full to overflowing, which will add much to your wealth and prosperity, and a regular low price is better than to have nothing to sell.--Sentinel.
Oregon City Enterprise, Salem, April 13, 1867, page 4



    AMENDE HONORABLE.--Last week's issue of the Press contained an item with regard to a robbery perpetrated after night while he person who should have been robbed "was peacefully reposing in the arms of Morpheus." Some incorrigible wag, ready at all times for a practical joke, persuaded the person so spoken of that he had been maligned, somewhat, in the account given by this paper, and so as a matter of course, some sort of explanation was demanded at our hands. The victim of both the stealing and the joke declares that the representation we gave of the whole thing was erroneous, as the amount of missing valuables was much greater than by us stated; that even if he was sleeping with a woman it was none of the editor's d---d business. We surrender.--Jacksonville Press.
Oregon City Enterprise, May 4, 1867, page 1


    ARRIVAL OF TEAMS.--During the past week the streets have been alive with the tinkle of mule bells, and the heavy clatter of freight wagons, loaded with goods for this place. About twenty have arrived since our last issue, bringing an aggregate of about 80,000 pounds of merchandise, and reminding us somewhat of the palmy and prosperous days in Jacksonville. The above amount is but a small portion of that which is yet to arrive.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 1, 1867, page 2


    GOOD HAUL.--Mr. Tod Cameron caught eighty fine salmon a few days since, in a trap of his own construction on Applegate. They are a delicacy, and command ready sale at from six bits to one dollar each.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 1, 1867, page 2


    TROUT.--The fishermen from Squaw Lake have commenced bringing in the most delicious trout, which are rapidly gobbled up at four bits per dozen, buyers being almost as plenty as the fish.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 1, 1867, page 2


    NEW JEWELRY.--A fine assortment just received at Neuber's. Every article warranted. Now is the time for ardent lovers to strike the nail on the head, by purchasing a handsome ring, flower vase, or other present for their "sweetnesses." Also a lot of superior children's buggies, worthy the attention of heads of families, and people expecting to be in that position.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 1, 1867, page 3


    A company is forming in Southern Oregon to return across the plains this summer. They will start in June.
    Contracts have been awarded for the delivery of 20,000 lbs. of flour at Fort Klamath for the Indian Department, at nine cents per pound.
    There is great need of rain in Southern Oregon. The Press says they have had numerous "sprinkles" during the last few days, but not rain enough to do any good.
    There is no need of going to California or the Sandwich Islands to recuperate, so long as the Soda Springs, the wild game, the mountain trout, and the healthful breezes of the Cascade Mountains, in Oregon, remain.
    Says the Jacksonville Press: Cohn's quartz mill, on Illinois River, Josephine County, has at length been completed and was to have gone into operation on Monday last. We may reasonably expect some astounding announcement from this quarter as soon as the managers begin to clean up.
    The Sentinel, of Jacksonville, says it is a favorite expression with croakers and lazy people to say that our mines are "giving out." From the most reliable information, we have come to the conclusion that they are really "giving out"--not becoming exhausted but they are giving a fair and remunerative yield for the labor employed in them. During the present week Mr. Sturgis, of Applegate, brought into our office a solid chunk of gold, weighing one hundred and eighty dollars which was taken out by Chinamen on Star Gulch a few weeks since.
"Oregon," Oregon City Enterprise, June 1, 1867, page 2



Fine Stock.
    It has been our boast, and a just one too, that Jackson County was a little ahead of any county in this state in the matter of fine horses. The boast is not an idle one. There are, at a rough calculation, sixty or seventy stallions in our county, that, for fine points, speed, beauty and service, will compare favorably with a like number in any county on this coast; but our people are beginning to ask if blooded stock is a profitable investment. It is well enough for millionaires to indulge in the possession of fast and beautiful horses; but in a community like ours, where there is but little surplus capital to spare, and where the great object of life is to make money, people naturally seek the most profitable investment. It is well enough to feel proud of our fine stock, but as a marketable commodity what are they worth? Who wants them or, in wanting, will give in dollars and cents what they have actually cost? These questions are presenting themselves in a serious light to the people of this valley, and it is quite obvious that horse raising has been somewhat overdone and more profitable pursuits somewhat neglected. At present there is a great demand for beef cattle, and no inquiries are made as to beauty, blood, or points, other than those of size and weight. Buyers with well-filled money bags are passing our valley in search of beef for California and Nevada markets, and finding it in localities where people have talked less "horse," but evidently had more "horse sense" than those of Rogue River Valley. About twelve hundred head of cattle have been driven across the mountains this spring, only about two hundred of which were purchased in this country; and it is the opinion of the best judges that there are not at present over three hundred marketable cattle in this locality, that formerly supplied thousands. We think there is no danger than cattle raising will again be overdone in this part of the country, for the reason that the wild grasses on the stock ranges of California have been so completely eaten out that that state must certainly continue to offer a good market for our beef for many years to come; and with an almost unlimited extent of unoccupied grazing lands, we see no reason why we should not successfully compete in that market. If anyone doubts that cattle raising is much more profitable than raising fine horse flesh, let them make a calculation of the first cost of colts, taking into consideration the care and attention absolutely necessary to their development--compare it with the cost of raising calves; and the relative cash value of each animal when fit for market will be convincing proof that our views are correct.--Jacksonville Sentinel.
Morning Oregonian,
Portland, June 6, 1867, page 4


    Here we are reminded of another ex-Oregon bachelor, who has launched his bark on the sea of matrimony, changing his state of single wretchedness to one of double blessedness, D. W. Douthitt, Esq., whilom of Portland and Jacksonville, and late of Idaho. His many friends will be pleased to know that he has at last found a partner, and settled in business here. Rumor says the lady has brought some capital into the new firm.
Fleeta Flint, "Our New York Letter," Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 21, 1867, page 1


    The people in Southern Oregon and Northern California are preparing petitions to the Department praying for a continuation of the daily mail.
    Haying has commenced in Rogue River Valley. Labor is in demand, and wages are from thirty-five to forty dollars per month with board.
"Oregon," Oregon City Enterprise, June 22, 1867, page 2



    NEW ROAD OVER THE MOUNTAINS.--We see by notices posted that application will be made at the July term of the County Court for a road over the Cascade Mountains, commencing at some point on Emigrant Creek, near the Soda Springs, and running on or near the old emigrant road across the mountains to Nurse's Ferry, on Link River.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 29, 1867, page 3


    Races over the Bybee track, Jackson County, will commence on the 4th and continue three days. There are twelve horses in training.
    The Jacksonville Sentinel of the 29th ult. says: As near as we can learn, over five thousand cattle have passed through this valley for California and Nevada this spring.
    Wm. H. Minser (not Metzger), says the Record, was indicted by the grand jury last Friday for the burning of Durbin's stable. He belonged to the Oregon Infantry, was enlisted at Umatilla, in Capt. Ingram's company under the name of Henry Minser in 1865. He had served a previous term of five years in the regular army.
    The Sentinel requests the papers to publish an inquiry for the whereabouts of Harvey B. Oatman, formerly of Jackson County. It says: "He was last heard from at Walla Walla, June 1st, 1866, and was then en route from Helena, Montana. Any information of his whereabouts if living, or the circumstances of his death if dead, will be thankfully received by his brother, Harrison B. Oatman, at Jacksonville, Oregon."
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 2, 1867, page 2


    Wm. H. Minser, says the Record, was indicted by the grand jury last Friday for the burning of Durbin's stable. He was acquitted on having his trial.
    A petition, praying for the continuance of the daily mail from Lincoln to Portland, was forwarded to the Post Office Department from Jacksonville on the 20th of June. It contained over six hundred names.
    Work has been commenced upon a woolen factory on the Rogue River Valley. The building will be 77½ by 54 feet, four stories high. A fifty-horsepower turbine wheel will run the machinery.

"Oregon Items," Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, July 6, 1867, page 2


    REDUCTION OF FARE.--The fare by Colwell's stage line to Kerbyville is reduced to $6.50--yo Waldo, $8.00.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 13, 1867, page 2


Sad Affair Near Jacksonville, Oregon.
JACKSONVILLE, July 13th.
    Yesterday morning the body of a woman named Mullan was found in a shocking state of decomposition in the house of Charles Mulford, with whom she had been cohabiting, about eight miles from here. She must have been dead several days, and Mulford, who was found nearly naked and partially deranged, could give no account of her death. She was formerly a school teacher in the valley, but lately has been very intemperate.
Sacramento Daily Union, July 15, 1867, page 4


    DEATH OF JUDGE PYLE.--We learn that Hon. J. M. Pyle, State Senator for Union County, died recently at his home in Grand Ronde Valley. Judge Pyle went from Southern Oregon to that part of the state four or five years ago. Prior to his election as state senator he was Judge of Baker County. He was widely known as a good citizen, a true and generous friend, and an earnest and consistent Union man. His loss will be deeply felt in that portion of the state.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 19, 1867, page 2


    THE END.--Last week we published an account of the discovery of the putrid corpse of a woman in the house of Charles R. Mulford, near Uniontown. We since learn that the name of the deceased was Mullen, that she was a person of more than ordinary education; was formerly a teacher in the Overbeck Grove, in this county; but for several years past was completely under the control of opium and intoxicating drinks. Mulford, who was brought into town on Friday last, greatly emaciated and partially deranged from an habitual use of the same stimulants, died on Sunday evening, the shattered wreck of what once was a refined and educated gentleman. Mulford was at one time in the employment of Eugene, Kelly & Co., of San Francisco, and afterwards a clerk for Brunner and Brother of this place, and a young man of excellent ability and business qualifications.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 20, 1867, page 3


    REMAINS OF A MONSTER.--The principal excitement of the week, says the Southern Oregon Press (Jacksonville), has been directed towards the observation of certain portions of an immense skeleton recently unearthed by some Chinamen who are engaged in mining on Missouri Gulch, and which are supposed to be the remains of a mastodon. They were found buried about twenty feet underground, and had lain there, in all probability, thousands of years. Two of the teeth, a shoulder blade, a part of one leg, and various portions of the tusks were brought into town, and are now on exhibition at Sutton & Hyde's drug store. A single rib is said to have been dug out that is over seven feet long, and from twelve to fourteen inches in width; while the balance of the skeleton is yet underground. The portions brought into town exceed in size any animal fossils we ever saw. The teeth are large enough to have masticated saw logs, being full seven inches in breadth and over three in width; and one piece of tusk--from appearances less than half its full length--is four feet long and twenty inches in circumference. According to the theory of geologists, these tusks must have been about twelve feet long, and when it is considered that this animal in its lifetime carried two of these mammoth protuberances, some faint idea of the immense proportions of the monster may be formed. It is thought by some--owing to what is considered a disproportion in the size of some of the pieces of tusks exhumed--that these remains are portions of different animals. Such fossils are known to be numerous throughout North America, and particularly in Kentucky; but we believe this to be the first discovery of the kind in this part of the country.
Placer Herald, Auburn, California, July 20, 1867, page 1


    CHURCH REPAIRS.--The shabby appearance and uncomfortable condition of the Methodist church, in this town, has long been a matter of comment, but we are very glad to see that it is to be thoroughly renovated. Several ladies have taken the matter in hand, and intend putting down a handsome carpet, and making the church as comfortable as possible. We do not doubt their ability to give our place of worship a respectable appearance, for when they undertake anything, there is no such word as "fail."
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 10, 1867, page 2


    FIRE IN THE MOUNTAINS.--There appears to be an unusual amount of fire "out" in the mountains this season. The atmosphere is very heavily laden with smoke, and the range of vision in this valley does not exceed two or three miles.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 10, 1867, page 2


    NEARLY A FIRE.--Yesterday afternoon some children, playing with matches, inserted a piece of lighted paper under the iron doors of Muller & Brentano's warehouse, on Oregon St., and set fire to a pile of brooms inside. Fortunately, the oldest of the children
gave the alarm, and the fire was easily quenched. Messrs. M. & B. had a quantity of powder in the building, and had the fire made a little headway, no human efforts would have saved the town. Moral--never allow children to play with matches.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 10, 1867, page 2


    PERSONAL.--Hon. Rufus Mallory passed through town on Thursday, on his way to Salem. He left Washington July 8th. D. M. C. Gault, Esq., of the Oregon Sentinel also went north on the stage Thursday. He has about annihilated the Democratic papers in Southern Oregon and perhaps is expecting to find a larger field and worthier foe at the north.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, August 10, 1867, page 3



MARRIED.
    At the residence of Dr. Howell, Sauvie's Island, Aug. 29th [sic], by Rev. G. H. Atkinson, D. M. C. Gault, Esq., Editor of the Sentinel, Jacksonville, Oregon, to Miss H. Anna R. Howell, of Multnomah County.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 22, 1867, page 3


    GOING HOME.--Mr. Gault, editor of the Sentinel, having made a visit here of near two weeks, takes his departure this morning for Jacksonville, and upon reaching home will resume the editorial charge of the paper.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 27, 1867, page 3


    HOME INDUSTRY.--Mr. A. Prater, of Applegate, presented this office with a specimen of his skill in the broom manufacture, a few days since. It is a splendid article and far superior to any of those imported from elsewhere. He also brought in several stalks of broom corn, over twelve feet in length, the heads of which measured over two feet in length. Mr. Prater is just commencing the manufacture of brooms at M. H. Drake's place, on Applegate, and should be encouraged in his enterprise. Indeed, if the articles are equal to the specimen above mentioned, he cannot fail to command a ready sale for them.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 31, 1867, page 1


    THE PROTESTANT CHURCH.--We visited the church during the present week, and find the work on it progressing well. The walls are now white as "the driven snow," and the pews and other woodwork we found very handsomely painted and grained in imitation of maple and mahogany. The painting and graining is the work of Mr. P. B. Coffin, and the workmanlike manner in which it was done reflects credit on him. We understand that the carpet and curtains are to be purchased in San Francisco and that the church will not be opened for public service until they arrive and the "fixing up" is completed.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 31, 1867, page 3


    SIDEWALKS.--Under the ordinance of the city fathers, our sidewalks (we don't mean around this office) are assuming quite a respectable appearance. On California Street they are being rebuilt with plank. Beekman's crossing, over Rich Gulch, will be a blessing to pedestrians, who live across that stream, on dark nights, and may save some poor fellow from strangulation in the water and mud. The Greenman brothers have laid a substantial gravel walk in front of their property, and covered it with sawdust, which makes it much easier to walk upon. Property owners are reminded that only about ten days more are allowed in which to comply with the ordinance.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 7, 1867, page 3


    ON THE MARRY.--On Wednesday, two gay and beardless sprigs--T.G.O. [T. G. Owen?] and E.H.A. [E. H. Autenreith?] rushed into our office, in breathless haste, and announced themselves "on it." "Everybody was getting married," they said. They were tired of waiting and watching; they had sighed for "the good time" till they were thin as grasshoppers; they had patronized bootblacks till they were tired; they had wasted their substance in "smell sweet" and mustache ointment, but nary gal had popped the question yet. They had spouted Moore and Byron moonlight nights, hugged awning posts and the crinoline dummies in Sachs' with delirious ecstasy, only to awaken to a melancholy sense of their loneliness, and couldn't stand it any longer. Dear ladies, just think of two such handsome fellows going a-begging. With long hair and light legs, great expectations of a future mustache, and a poetical and sentimental expression that is actually charming, is it possible that they can remain long unwedded? Correspond with them, girls, and we know you will take pity on them.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 7, 1867, page 3


    LIVELY TIMES.--On Thursday, ten or eleven teams arrived with goods from Crescent City, nearly every large house in town receiving a consignment. California Street was thronged and busy with the work of unloading, which made the town unusually lively. Only a small portion of the fall stock has been received yet, and it is a puzzle what becomes of a large amount of goods shipped to this point.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 14, 1867, page 3


    CROSS-WALKS.--Mr. M .A. Berry is now having the flagstones for the street crossings quarried, brought into town and deposited at the various points where they are to be laid down.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 14, 1867, page 3


    THE BOOKKEEPER.--We stepped into Mr. Wade's commercial school during the past week, and found the class progressing finely; in fact were so much pleased that we determined to make one of their number. Mr. W. is a fine bookkeeper, not only has the theory but has had the practice, and possesses the faculty of making himself understood. We do not see any reason why our young men should seek further for the opportunity to get a good, practical knowledge of this business. They will certainly never get it cheaper, and we advise every man and every youth that can to avail himself of this golden opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of this important branch of business.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 14, 1867, page 3


    THE CROSS WALKS.--Many persons are finding fault with the manner in which the new street crossings are being laid down. We are among the number, and respectfully call the attention of the proper authorities to it before it is too late. In the first place, our judgment is: that the Trustees erred in awarding a contract for stones four inches thick, and afterwards allowing the contractor to reduce the thickness to three inches, without a corresponding reduction in his bid; next, it is doubtful whether crossings of the flimsy character of those being laid will stand the weight of heavy teams passing over them--as witness that one from Greenman's to Jacob's corner; also, that when laid, some regard should be had for appearances, and the contractor required to run them at right angles, and in a line with the sidewalk, which is certainly not the case with the crossing aforementioned. The people pay all that is asked for this work, and they have a right to ask that it be done properly.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 21, 1867, page 3


    RAIN.--On Friday, Saturday and Sunday last, we had a fine fall of rain. As a result, the weather is very clear, and the sun shines most beautifully. The thick smoke which, previous to that time, hung dim and murky over the valley, is gone, and the fires in the mountains are extinguished.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 21, 1867, page 3


    CHURCH REPAIRS.--We visited the Protestant Church, yesterday, and found all the repairs completed. The handsome painting, by Mr. P. B. Coffin, has been noticed before. During the week, several of the Jacksonville ladies fitted and sewed the carpet together--a laborious and tedious job. The carpet is not only comfortable but very handsome, and the cheerful appearance of the church should induce a general attendance. To Madam De Guilfoyle, and two or three other ladies of this town, is due, we believe, the credit of the active and zealous interest necessary to place the church in its present comfortable condition, and they certainly deserve the thanks of the church-going community for their successful efforts.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 12, 1867, page 2


    TEMPERANCE ADDRESS.--There will be a temperance address at the M.E. church, on Tuesday evening next, at early candle lighting, by Rev. G. W. Roork. All are invited to attend. After the address, business of importance to those interested in the temperance cause will be transacted.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 12, 1867, page 2


    CRISPED POTATOES.--The French method of cooking potatoes affords a most agreeable dish. The potatoes are peeled, wiped and cut into thin slices, and thrown into a frying pan containing an abundance of hot lard. As soon as they become brown and crispy, they are thrown into a colander to drain them, then sprinkle with salt and serve hot.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 12, 1867, page 2


    The Record says: Mr. John Daley, who has been engaged all summer at Ashland, Jackson County, erecting the mills for the Rogue River Valley Woolen Manufacturing Company, informs us that the building is up and enclosed, and very nearly in readiness for the machinery. The factory is three stories high; fifty-four feet wide, by seventy-seven and a half long, and will accommodate two sets of machinery. The water power is calculated to carry that machinery. A Leffel & Myers turbine water wheel will be used, which is already on the ground. The machinery is ordered and will probably be there early in the spring, and the mill will probably commence operations as soon as the clip for 1868 is fit for use. Mr. Daley expects to return and superintend the erection of the machinery when it arrives. It will be one of the best mills on the coast.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 16, 1867, page 2


    BREAKWATERS.--Those living along the banks of Jackson Creek are busy at work, building breakwaters to protect their property from the ravages of high water this winter. One is being built at the head of California Street, so as to compel the water to flow on the opposite side of the creek from where it has formerly run. Another is being constructed from the intersection of "E" and Fourth streets, down the creek, so as to protect the premises of Messrs. Neuber, Prim, Langell and others. There will be between six and seven hundred dollars spent in these enterprises.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 19, 1867, page 3


    JACKSON COUNTY.--The assessment of Jackson County for 1867 is $1,255,397. Last year it was $1,306,870. The assessor says this difference is attributable to the $300 exempted from each householder, making the actual wealth of the county about $200,000 over last year, as there are about 820 persons entitled to the exemption.

Oregon City Enterprise, October 19, 1867, page 3



    The Coos Bay Road Company was organized at Roseburg on the 16th inst., with a capital stock of $5,000. It is expected that the entire trade of Rogue River Valley will pass over the Coos Bay road in less than one year from this time.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 2, 1867, page 3


    A MELANCHOLY DEATH AT DUTCH TOWN.--The following painful details, taken from the Salem Record, are in reference to a daughter of Mr. Thos. Hopwood of this county. The patient had been insane from an early age, owing to a severe attack of fever and ague; but as she grew up, the disease assumed such a violent shape that it became necessary to procure a home for her in the insane asylum. On the way down she received every attention, but a kind Providence has relieved her, and distressing as it may seem to her relatives, she is surely better off:
    "Some days ago the Deputy Sheriff of Jackson County went down in the stage in charge of an unfortunate insane girl who was being sent to the insane asylum. A brother of the young lady accompanied him, and no doubt every care was taken of her, so far as they were capable of judging what was necessary and providing for it. Owing to the frantic insanity of the patient, she was strapped down upon a mattress, and at Aurora, being worse than usual, a physician was called, who pronounced death not very far off. She was taken into the hotel and died there raving mad. Owing to superstitious feelings, it was difficult to find anyone to lay out the corpse; no woman could be got to do it. The circumstances of the case are very melancholy, and were probably unavoidable."
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 9, 1867, page 2


Jacksonville.
    Week after week, we have written of and discoursed on our beautiful valley, with its fertile acres and varied resources. We will now say something for the chief town of Southern Oregon. We do not boast that Jacksonville is the prettiest town on the Pacific Coast, nor do we claim that it contains more intelligence than any other town in Oregon; but we do insist that it is the liveliest and most flourishing burg between Marysville and Portland. For the information of those abroad, and for future reference by our own people, we will give some idea of the amount and description of business that makes it the commercial center of the valley. The population of Jacksonville is not definitely known, no census having been taken to ascertain the fact; it is variously estimated at from six to eight hundred, and as there are three hundred and fifty votes in the precinct, the population will probably fall little short of the latter figure. Located here are six stores or general merchandising establishment, which will average a business of $60,000 each per annum; two hotels and one restaurant; three retail groceries and fancy stores; one hardware and tin manufacturing establishment; two jewelers; two meat markets; three livery stables; one drug store; seven saloons; two breweries; three blacksmith shops; one banking house; two printing offices; one photograph gallery; one tailor shop; three boot and shoe makers; two bakeries; one cooper; a first-class saddlery; one cabinet and carpenter shop; a gunsmith shop; one carpenter and steam planing establishment; two barber shops; three wagon shops; a bath house; one private hospital; a saw mill, and one milliner shop. We have five physicians; five lawyers; three notaries public; one conveyancer and court commissioner, and all the officials of the county. In addition to the above, we have a soap manufactory; a stone yard; a brick yard and a broom manufactory. A daily line of stages from Portland (Ogn.) to Sacramento (Cal.) pass through the town; another runs semi-weekly from Waldo, in Josephine County, and Wells, Fargo & Co. and the Western Union Telegraph Co. have offices here. Our public buildings are the court house; county jail; sheriff and clerk's offices; county hospital; town hall; Odd Fellows' hall; truck house. The Protestant and Catholic churches and the public school with a daily attendance of over one hundred scholars, and the Catholic seminary and day school. Five roads, from different points in the valley--from Sterling and from Crescent City--converge at this point; and it is estimated that freights from the latter place will reach $75,000 per annum. It is no exaggeration to estimate the yearly business of this live town at nearly half a million annually, and the number of new buildings and other improvements constantly being added are unmistakable evidences of our prosperity. What Jacksonville will be in the future, when the rugged "Siskiyou" has been spanned with an iron girdle, and the iron steed comes snorting down the valley from across the mountains, bringing new life and population, and opening a market for the products of our industry, it is hard to say; and if its prosperity and population increases as steadily as it has done for a few more years, we need fear no rival in this end of the state.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 16, 1867, page 2


    NEARLY COMPLETED.--The breakwater on Jackson Creek is very near completed. It is being constructed under the superintendence of Silas J. Day, and is about two hundred yards in length, and seven to eight feet in height. It is hoped that it will confine the water to its old channel and prevent the creek from sweeping through town as it did last winter.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 16, 1867, page 3


    STREET IMPROVEMENTS.--Oregon St. has been graveled heavily during the past week, and there is no danger of teams miring down on it as was the case last winter.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 16, 1867, page 3


    IMPROVEMENTS.--Many new buildings are going up just now, and not a single carpenter is idle. Among them is the elegant dwelling of A. H. Martin, on California Street, next to Mr. Drum's residence, and which is nearly completed. Mr. Owen is putting up a handsome residence on the same block, which will add much to the appearance of the town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 16, 1867, page 3


    UNITED.--The agencies of the Western Union Telegraph and the California and Oregon Stage Co. have been united throughout Oregon. In pursuance to this arrangement, the telegraph office in Jacksonville has been removed from this building to the U.S. Hotel, on California Street, to which place the stage office will be transferred on the first of December.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 23, 1867, page 2


    F
LOUR SHIPMENTS.--An unusual quantity of flour is being shipped from Rogue River Valley to Yreka this fall. The burning of the large mill at Tehama, some time since, has made an outlet for Scott Valley flour in that direction and, consequently, a demand for ours at Yreka. Several teams hauled about fourteen thousand pounds from Foudray's mill to Yreka last week, and are again on the road with the prospect of continuing until bad weather sets in.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 23, 1867, page 3


    LANDMARK DEMOLISHED.--The old house, standing in front of our office on the corner of "C" and Third sts., belonging to Mrs. Chambers, has been torn down this week, to make room for a new and more substantial building. Mr. J. R. Peacock is busily engaged laying the stone foundation.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 23, 1867, page 3


    SURVEYING.--Mr. J. S. Howard has been engaged during the week in surveying the remainder of the cemetery lots. About one hundred and fifty additional lots have been laid out, many of them in very desirable locations.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 30, 1867, page 3


    THE REVEILLE--is the name of a valuable co-laborer in the great cause of Democracy. It is a good paper, neat in appearance and owned by the Democratic Central Committee of Jackson County.
Lafayette Courier, December 3, 1867
, page 3


    NO ROAD.--We are informed that an attempt was made at the December term of the County Court to get a road turning off from the Yreka road above Ashland, and running in an easterly direction to Emigrant Creek; thence, up that stream for a few miles and over the Cascade Mountains on or near the old Emigrant Trail. From some cause unknown to us, this project failed, why, we are unable to see, unless it was jealousy. A road on or near this route is certainly needed, and we think the citizens along the route should lay hold of the work and see that the thing is accomplished. There will be much travel next summer out to the Link River country, and people must have a road. If a way is not made over the route named, the traveling public will seek another pass, though it be a worse place to make a road. The citizens of the upper end of the valley should look to their own interests, and see that they have a way of getting to that new and rich country on Lost River and around the Lakes.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 7, 1867, page 2


    GOOD FOR BIG BUTTE.--Smith & Howard have for sale, at their lumber yard on California Street, some of the finest sugar pine lumber ever sawed in this county. It is from Big Butte, and many of the planks are thirty-eight inches in width and without knot or blemish of any kind.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 7, 1867, page 3


    The editor of the Jacksonville Reveille says: "As a 'military necessity' we chop our own wood, sweep out, &c., do our own typesetting and job work--sick, too, therefore, reading matter, this week, rather short & owin' altogether to foregoin' facts. A few more Democratic victories and we'll advertise for a compositor."
Stockton Independent, December 9, 1867, page 4


    Gov. Woods, on Friday, pardoned out of the penitentiary three prisoners, named Wm. Riley, Lorenzo Murphy, and an Indian, Jack Long.
    Nearly four years ago, Riley was sent up from Jackson County for life, for murder in the second degree. Yet his act was in great part one of self-defense, and committed in a state of semi-intoxication. His conduct has been excellent while in prison. Once he saved the life of a deputy warden when a party of prisoners working outside had planned his death as a means of escape. At another time, when the prisoners had planned to kill the night watch, obtain possession of the prison, and escape, having made a key to facilitate their plan of operations, he penetrated the secret of the conspiracy and revealed the plot to the officers. In this way he has done the state great service. His pardon is induced also by the certificate of Dr. Carpenter that he is afflicted with a disease of the heart, aggravated greatly by confinement. A strong petition for his release has come from the south, where he was convicted.
"Pardoned Prisoners," Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 11, 1867, page 1


    RAILROAD MEETING.--A meeting will be held at the courthouse in Jacksonville, on Saturday, the 21st inst., to get an expression of the people in regard to a railroad through Southern Oregon, and to remonstrate against the proposed road from Portland to Humboldt River, via Eugene City. A general turnout is desired.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 14, 1867, page 3


    TOYS.--Mr. I. Caro has a fine lot of Christmas toys at his store, on corner of California and Oregon streets. one may see horns, whistles, swords, guns, toy wagons, horses, dogs, cats, elephants, tigers, dolls, miniature stoves, parlor sets, dishes, and all the playthings that are calculated to please the juveniles.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 14, 1867, page 3


    JUVENILE BEGGARS.--Christmas is at hand--and we trust that when the day does come, parents will not allow their children to rush up and down the streets in troops, importuning everyone--acquaintances and stranger alike--for "Christmas gifts." If there is anything that makes childhood lovely and endearing, it is childhood's modesty and innocence; and a bashful, modest child is always the most thought of. We have seen children of respectable parents in this town begging for "gifts" with an amount of impudence that would shame a professional beggar, and for their own sakes hope never to see it again.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 14, 1867, page 3


STATE ITEMS.
    The Sentinel says that the directors of the Rogue River Woolen Company have decided not to lay the flooring of the factory at Ashland until spring. They do not expect the machinery till June next.
    Waldo, Josephine County, is said to be brightening up a little--some new building is going on at that place. Col. Butterfield is still sinking on his cement claim. He has reached a depth of sixty feet and is beginning to strike gravel. The old channel that he is trying to reach is known to be very rich. We quote from the Sentinel.
    A Jacksonville paper learns from Capt. McCall that a late heavy gale had rather a singular effect at Klamath Lake. A gale was so violent at the point where the water of the lake empty into Link River that the whole body of water was blown back, and the river, which at this point is very rapid, completely dried up.
    Matters are progressing, says the Sentinel, on the Klamath Reserve. About ten thousand dollars' worth of annuity goods have been distributed. Six teams are engaged at plowing; and if the present fine weather continues, a large quantity of grain will be sown. Seventy-five thousand dollars were appropriated for the reservation at the last session of Congress; and it is thought that the machinery for a saw and flouring mill--now on the round--will be set in operation before spring.
    The "railroad feeling" in Southern Oregon is indicated by the following from the Jacksonville Reveille: A bundle of petitions was last night brought to the post office from Canyonville, with a request to the P.M. to circulate them. The petition is to U.S. Congress and the Oregon delegation in Congress, asking them to secure a grant of lands to enable the Oregon Central Railroad Company, of Portland, to complete their proposed road between California and Oregon; and said petition remonstrates against any legislation that may deprive Southern Oregon of any of the benefits of the "proposed" road. Through what counties of Oregon will the "proposed" road run? Is it the road from Eugene, via Fort Klamath to the Humboldt? If so, what are the advantages that are to result to Southern Oregon if that road is built? If that is not the road the petition refers to, what road is it? A road that can benefit us of Southern Oregon, who are expected to sign this petition, must pass through Rogue River Valley. Don't sign the petition until you know what you are praying for.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 14, 1867, page 1


Notice in Bankruptcy.
DISTRICT OF OREGON--SS.--This is to give notice that on the 3rd day of December, 1867, a warrant of bankruptcy was issued out of the District Court of the United States, for the District of Oregon, Jackson County, estate of Arthur Langell, of Jacksonville, Jackson County, in said District, adjudged a bankrupt, on his own petition; that the payment of any debts and the delivery of any property belonging to such bankrupt, to him, to his use, or for his use, and the transfer of any property by him, said debtor, are forbidden by law; and that a meeting of the creditors of said bankrupt, to prove their debts and to choose one or more assignees of his estate, will be held at a Court of Bankruptcy, to be holden at the United States Court Rooms, in Portland, aforesaid, before the Judge of the United States District Court for said District, on the 5th day of February, A.D. 1868, at 11 o'clock A.M.
A. L. ZEIBER,
    U.S. Marshal for said District.
Dec. 4, 1867
O. JACOBS and MITCHELL, DOLPH & SMITH,
    Attorneys for Petitioner.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 23, 1867, page 4


    A BOTTOMLESS PIT.--Directly opposite Mrs. Love's gate, on the sidewalk of C Street, was formerly an old mining shaft. Lately it has been troubled with sinking fits, and its appetite for rock and gravel seems insatiable. Several times it has been filled with rock, yet it is nothing strange to see it the next morning yawning for more. It is a natural curiosity--more pleasant to contemplate in daylight than after dark.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 28, 1867, page 3



Last revised September 22, 2022