The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Jackson County News: 1864

    OREGON TELEGRAPH LINE.--Supt. Whittlesey started his force yesterday morning to mend the breaks in the Oregon line to Jacksonville. It is expected that within a week that town will be in telegraphic communication with the rest of the world.
The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, January 9, 1864, page 3

    DEAD.--Lem Pruitt, a noted character, well known in this county, died at Jacksonville, Oregon a short time ago, from the effect of a pistol shot which he received in a scrimmage with one Dick Collins several weeks ago at that place. Pruitt was a bad man. He caused the death of several men in his time, and finished his own career at the hand of a fellow man.

The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, January 13, 1864, page 2

The Telegraph.
    We have a short dispatch this morning, containing later news than that brought by the Oregon. There is a significant item in the report of the Democratic caucus at Washington; the resolution denouncing the proclamation of Mr. Lincoln as inexpedient, revolutionary and unconstitutional is probably the great plank in the Democratic platform for this year. Much good may it do the Northern rebels who made it! Of course, they will think anything inexpedient which hurts their Southern allies, revolutionary, which disturbs their treasonable designs, and unconstitutional which increases and intensifies the power of the government. On the authority of Mr. Bassett, the faithful operator at Yreka, we are glad to be able to report that the telegraph will be completed to Jacksonville in a few days, and through to Salem by the middle or last of February. Till then our readers will please to possess their souls in patience, though we confess that for ourselves, while editing a daily paper, we are quite impatient for some means of obtaining news oftener than once in ten days, as we now do by steamer.
Oregonian, Portland, January 21, 1864, page 2

    Superintendent Whittlesy has started a force from Yreka to mend the breaks in the Oregon telegraph line, and finish the line to Jacksonville.
Placer Herald, Auburn, California, January 23, 1864, page 2

    TELEGRAPH.--On Thursday the telegraph line was finished to this place, and an office established. Mr. Whittlesey furnished us with the first dispatch that came over the wires. It is our intention to obtain the latest dispatches and publish extras, and condense them for the weekly issues. This will enable the subscribers of the Intelligencer to dispense with dailies that are now taken. We hope to be able to furnish all the latest news.

Oregon Intelligencer, Jacksonville, January 23, 1864, page 3

    TELEGRAPH EXTENSION.--We congratulate our brethren of the press at Jacksonville, Oregon, that they are now enabled to receive the news daily by lightning dispatch. No California paper can now compete with them or injure their local business with extras, as heretofore superintendent Whittlesey is pushing forward his end of the line, and Portland will soon receive telegraph congratulations from the South.

The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, January 27, 1864, page 2

Jacksonville and the Telegraph.
    The progress of improvements follow in close proximity with civilization within the last twenty years. The question of joint occupancy between Great Britain and the United States has been settled, and the state of Oregon admitted into the union of states with all the rights of other states; within that period California has been acquired by treaty, and, with all her wealth added to the Union; Washington, Idaho, Utah, Nevada and Arizona Territories have been organized, and will soon knock at the door of the Union for admission. The steady march of civilization has been onward at a rapid pace on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, and along the Pacific Coast. Jacksonville, our present location, has not been to exceed twelve years. In November 1855 we issued the first newspaper at this place printed in Southern Oregon. At that time we had to depend upon cayuse mail facilities as often as once in two weeks, but oftener it so happened that we received and dispatched a mail once in two months. Since that time our beautiful valley has been settled up by the steady, industrious farmer, and is fast being placed in a state of high cultivation, and all the supplies necessary to the surrounding mining country produced and afforded at remarkable cheap prices. Our mail facilities have progressed from semi-monthly to daily, and instead of cayuse horses, by stage, which offers advantages along the line and throughout the country. A railroad line from Marysville to Portland has been surveyed and located through our town; a telegraph line completed thus far, and an office established, which last improvement connects us by lightning with a considerable portion of the civilized world. In proof that San Francisco is not so far from Jacksonville but that it may probably become of some importance we give the following.
H. P. Coon,
    Mayor of San Francisco, Cal.
    Jacksonville greets San Francisco. May the linked lightning, which has so recently connected California and Oregon together, draw closer the hands of friendship and amity between the sister states of the Pacific, and prove the harbinger of a new era of prosperity for this coast.
H. Klippel,
    Pres't. of the Corporation of Jacksonville
San Francisco, Jan. 23, '64, 5:20 p.m.
    H. Klippel,
        Pres't. of the Corporation of Jacksonville.
    San Francisco returns the cordial greeting of Jacksonville, and joins with fervent sympathy in the friendly and patriotic sentiments of your telegram.
H. P. Coon,
    Mayor of San Francisco.
Oregon Intelligencer, Jacksonville, January 30, 1864, page 2

    The first message ever transmitted telegraphically between California and Oregon was received at the telegraph office in this city Jan. 22, by Mr. Craddock, the manager, directly from Jacksonville, to which point the line of the California State Telegraph Company has just been completed.--Marysville Express.
Placer Herald,
Auburn, California, January 30, 1864, page 1

    TO BE SHOT.--Francis Ely, of Company A, Oregon Cavalry, has been condemned to be shot for desertion. He deserted "from post," last summer while his company were out with Col. Maury on the plains, and was captured the following day. He was formerly from Sailor Diggings, Josephine County, Oregon. He is now confined at the guardhouse at Fort Walla Walla. The approval by Gen. Wright of the sentence of the court martial condemning Ely says the sentence of the court will be executed under the direction of the commanding officer of the post on the 2nd Friday after the receipt of the order, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. The execution will therefore occur on Friday next.

Washington Statesman, Walla Walla, February 27, 1864, page 3

    OREGON ELECTION.--We are informed that the Blacks ["Black Republicans"] in Jackson County, Oregon have been routed and put to flight. All the opposing candidates were elected. Up to this time we have not been able to obtain any news from the state at large. Doubtless other counties besides Jackson have thrown off the abolition burden. The administration of a corrupt party is passing away. The people first create reform at their local elections. They will reach the head of all the offending by and by.

The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, June 11, 1864, page 2

    JACKSON COUNTY, OREGON.--"It seems that victory perches upon the Union banner everywhere in Oregon except in Jackson County, Southern Oregon, which has given the Copperheads 50 majority. The Sentinel charges the defeat to the influence of aid and comfort afforded the rebels and Copperheads by Col. Drew. The secesh of Siskiyou are also great admirers of the Colonel, but, alas, the Copperhead Colonel has no influence here, even if he does advertise for Copperhead bids to supply Fort Klamath. Drew wants to divide his favors with the Copperhead and secession press, and has given the Siskiyou vilifier of the Administration a benefit. If a man is judged by the society he keeps, Drew must be a secessionist, for he is very thick with them on his visits to Yreka, and seems to shun Union men. The secesh here get very hostile about Union men doubting Colonel Drew's loyalty, but then that is nothing new--they feel equally indignant about calling Jeff Davis disloyal."--Yreka Journal.
    The Journal, on the assertion of another about as truthful as itself, willfully or ignorantly publishes an untruth. It is well known that there was a split in the abolition party of Jackson County immediately after the Oregon Republican state convention, and there were numerous "soreheads" who would not be comforted. The Sentinel, if it will admit the truth, knows this. Feigned or real ignorance alone prevents the Journal from acknowledging it. An Independent ticket was run in Jackson County, and doubtless Democrats voted it, as the party made no nominations. The Journal says Colonel Drew must be a secessionist "for he is very thick with them on his visits to Yreka, and seems to shun Union men." Doubtless if Col. Drew, when it became necessary for him to visit Yreka on business, would immediately hunt up that pink of intelligence and good breeding, the Journal
man, closet himself with the sapient hombre, disclose all his plans and ask his advice as to whom he should drink with, what hotel he should put up at, the Colonel would no doubt be a "good Union man." It is well known that the abolition organ of Southern Oregon has carried on a relentless war against those in charge of this military department. That Colonel Drew has been exonerated, after a full investigation, from all the charges preferred against him; that it is through his advice and the concurrence of General Wright we now have a military post established at Klamath Lake for the protection of emigration and immigration. In all the newspaper discussion of this important question and the necessity of protecting our northeastern frontier by the establishment of military posts, not one single paragraph, so far as we can now recollect, has ever appeared in the Journal favoring the proposition. If we are wrong in this that paper can easily correct us by hunting up its record on the subject. As to the Journal's assertion that we are a "vilifier of the Administration," it is simply a falsehood. We have strenuously opposed its unconstitutional and detrimental conduct of affairs, giving it due credit for what good it has done, and shall continue to do so, the Journal and its kind, nolens volens.
The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, June 18, 1864, page 2

    OSSIAN E. DODGE and WILLIAM HAYWARD were at Yreka, Cal. May 24, Forks of Humbug (whew! what a name!) 25th, Hawkinsville 26th, and Cottonwood 27th, which wound up for the present their travels in California. May 28th they were at Gassburg, Oregon, and May 30th at Jacksonville, en route for Portland.
    WILLIAM HAYWARD, the balladist, is making both fame and fortune in the golden land of California. The Union, published at Yreka, speaks of this young gentleman as follows:--"The songs of Mr. Hayward were rendered in that perfect expression of language which makes every word understood by his audience. We cannot better express our opinion of Mr. Hayward's singing than by using the language of another, that we have not heard everybody sing, but Hayward has the sweetest voice, and is the best singer we have ever heard."
"Miscellaneous," New York Clipper, July 9, 1864, page 103

    SHOOTING AFFRAY.--On last Tuesday an affray occurred between Henry Billenbrook and John Debinger, on Bear Creek, five miles from town. It appeared from the testimony taken before Judge Tolman that Debinger had frequently threatened the life of Billenbrook; that on this occasion D. attacked him with the butt of a horse whip, whereupon B. drew a revolver and fired four shots, three of them taking effect, one in each arm, and one grazing his neck.
    Debinger was arrested and after a trial of two days he was fined $50 and costs for an assault, and bound over to keep the peace in the sum of $500.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 6, 1864, page 2

    DIPHTHERIA.--The Jacksonville Sentinel says this terrible disease has again made its appearance in the Rogue River Valley, and to a considerable extent balked the skill of the physicians, numbering its victims with those who sleep their last sleep. We learn that it is also become prevalent in the Willamette Valley, and too much care cannot be exercised to prevent its fatal termination. An application of wet salt to the throat at night is an efficient remedy for light attacks.
"Oregon," Daily Colonist, Victoria, British Columbia, August 31, 1864. page 3

    E. K. Anderson granted license to keep a ferry on Klamath River, on the road leading to Jacksonville, for one year, upon his paying $144 into the county treasury and filing approved bond in the sum of $1,500.

"Board of Supervisors,"
The Semi-Weekly Union, Yreka, California, November 9, 1864, page 2

    The late storm has been very severe at the North. At Jacksonville, Oregon, the flood was greater than ever before known--exceeding that of '61 and '62. Bridges built 15 higher than the flood of that season were washed away.

Placer Herald,
Auburn, California, December 10, 1864, page 2

Last revised March 5, 2021