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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County News: 1859


    SUICIDE NEAR JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--Private correspondence dated 25th January, from Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, informs us that A. J. Butler, a farmer near that place, committed suicide a few days before by shooting himself with a pistol. He was supposed to be insane. His family at the time were on a visit to this state.

San Francisco Bulletin, February 4, 1859, page 2



    MATTERS ABOUT YREKA.--We notice in the Union, of February 3rd, the annexed intelligence:
    A man by the name of A. J. Butler was recently found dead at his residence, in Rogue River Valley, with every appearance of having committed suicide by shooting himself through the head.
    A fatal accident occurred on the 19th of January, in a mining claim, near Cottage Grove, Klamath River, by which a man named Dennis Woods was instantly killed. Deceased was from New Orleans.
Sacramento Daily Union, February 10, 1859, page 1


PETITION.
To the Senate and Assembly of the State of California:
    The undersigned pray a law authorizing the division of the state of California, in accordance with annexed bill, and as in duty bound, etc.
    Signed: F. G. Hearn, M. Erlenbach, J. M. Watson, H. A. Winckler, Wm. Ottenheimer, E. Steele, Charles F. Hoben, H. J. Hellman, L. Cohen, R. L. Westbrook, D. Isaacs.
    Yreka, Feb. 9th, 1859.
THE BILL.
    AN ACT to authorize the citizens of the state of California, residing north of the fortieth degree of north latitude to withdraw from the state of California, and organize a separate government.
    Section 1. At the next general election the qualified voters resident in that portion of the state of California north of the fortieth degree of north latitude may cast a vote for or against the organization of a separate government, embracing that portion of the territory of California and Oregon lying between the fortieth and forty-fourth degrees of north latitude.
    Sec. 2. At all of the election precincts within said district a ballot box shall be provided for the reception and deposit of such ballots, and the canvassing and returns shall be governed by the laws upon that subject regulating the elections for members of Congress, and the balloting shall be subject to the laws now in force regulating elections.
    Sec. 3. The voting shall be by ballot, said ballots shall be either written or printed, or partly written and partly printed, upon a separate slip of paper, the words: "For Separate Government," or the words "Against a Separate Government," and if after election it shall appear that a majority of the votes cast upon such question are against the division of the state upon said boundary, then the provisions of this act shall cease, but [if] after the canvass of the vote aforesaid, it shall be found that a majority of the votes cast at said election upon the question of separate government shall be found in favor of that proposition, that portion of the state of California is authorized to withdraw from the state at any time when the southern portion of Oregon, as far north as Rogue River or further, shall join for that purpose and form and establish separate governments.
    Sec. 4. In case of the separate organization as above provided, the state of California and the new government so organized shall forthwith, upon the complete organization of said new government, each appoint their commissioners, whose duty it shall be to assemble at the capitol of the state of California, there to settle and determine the property and right and the financial liabilities of the two governments, upon the following basis: The said commissioners shall cause a just and true valuation to be placed upon all of the state property and effects, of what kind soever, and the same shall be charged to the state at the rate so fixed. They shall then estimate the sum total of the indebtedness and liabilities of the state, which shall be placed to her credit and the balance struck. The balance so found shall be apportioned between the state of California and the new government, pro rata, to the amount of taxable property in the state of California, and the taxable property in that portion of the new government which now forms a portion of said state of California, as estimated by the last assessment next prior to said division; provided, if the indebtedness of the state of California shall exceed the assessed value of the assets, that portion assumed by the new government shall be made payable in the like manner and upon like terms and conditions as those resting upon the state of California.
    Sec. 5. The school fund belonging to the state of California shall be divided by said commissioners between the said state and the said new government pro rata to the number of white citizens resident in the state of California and in that portion of the new state which is framed out of the northern part of the state of California, estimated according to the census taken next prior to such division.
    Sec. 6. The said division and separate organization shall be subject to the further condition of the ratification thereof by the Congress of the United States of America and the establishment of a territorial government therein until a further organization shall be had by the citizens residing therein, and in case the vote shall be in favor of such separate organization, the state of California as a part and parcel of the federal government is pledged to the perfection of such separate government by the Congress of the United States.
    Sec. 7. This Act shall take effect from and after its passage.
"California Legislature, Tenth Session," Sacramento Daily Union, February 13, 1859, page 1


Jackson County Democratic Convention.
    There will be a Democratic County Convention held at Jacksonville on Saturday, the 2nd day of April next, 1 o'clock p.m., to elect six delegates to attend the Territorial or State Convention to be held at Salem on the 20th of April, 1859.
    It is recommended that precinct meetings be held in each precinct at the usual place of holding elections, on Saturday, the 26th day of March, 1859, at 1 o'clock, for the purpose of appointing delegates to attend the County Convention.
JOHN S. MILLER,
S. D. VAN DYKE,
PATRICK DUNN,
    County Committee.
Jacksonville, March 4, 1859.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, March 22, 1859, page 3


    We are informed that Davis Evans has just erected a new sawmill on Evans Creek, near the mouth and on the north side of Rogue River. This will afford lumber to the settlers on the north side of Rogue River.
"Jacksonville, O.T.," Sacramento Daily Union, March 31, 1859, page 2


    TELEGRAPHIC EXTENSION.--The Oregon Sentinel says that it is the intention of the people about Jacksonville to extend the Northern Telegraphic Line to that place during the coming summer, and that by this line news will reach Portland in advance of the steamer.

Sacramento Daily Union,
March 31, 1859, page 5



    AFFAIRS IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--A correspondent of the Union, writing from Kerbyville, Oregon, gives the following relation of matters in that section of the globe:
    The intelligence of our admission into the Union as a sovereign state, lately received here, created a considerable excitement among the political and patriotic of our little village. Having no "big guns" to fire, each one "blew his own horn," and some horned it until they themselves were blue.
    We are just emerging from the hardest winter ever known here "since the stars fell." The snow attained a depth of ten feet on some of the mining streams, where it had never been known more than seven feet before "by the oldest settlers," and on the mountains it is said to have been from twenty-five to thirty feet deep, which, of course, is no joke.
    The stock in this part of the country has suffered greatly from the scarcity of feed, considerable numbers having already died of starvation, and many more are scarcely able to navigate, being reduced to the woeful strait of Job's turkeys. But for a few days past the weather has been mild and clear, bidding fair to open balmy spring with all its flood of flower and songs anon.
    The next item of interest here is the recent organization, in this place, of the Grand Camp of the Independent Order of Knighthood. Through M.W.L. L. E. V. Coon, I am enabled to furnish you with the following, which may be of some interest to a portion of your readers. It appears that since the first establishment of the order here by Mr. Coon it had made but little progress in its work until the late return of its founder, when it sprang up as by magic, and there came flocking to its standard the most worthy citizens of the whole country, who, it appears, have achieved a great work in the thorough organization of a Grand Camp composed of the best of the noble legion of their Knights. Their proceedings are to be made public as soon as printed, when I shall be happy to give you the full particulars, together with a copy of their works and proceedings.
    The Grand Camp elected its officers as follows:
    J. W. McCully, G.R., Jacksonville; G. T. Vining, D.G.R., Kerbyville; W. V. Rinehart, G. Sec., Kerbyville; L. S. Thompson, G.T., Jacksonville; G. E. Briggs, G.N., Waldo; E. A. Rice, G. Lecturer.
    The session lasted three days, and twenty-seven delegates were present. The Order is in a flourishing condition in this state.
Sacramento Daily Union, April 4, 1859, page 3


    Stephen Hayden, a prominent citizen of Klamath County, has been drowned in Rogue River.
"By Telegraph to the Union," Sacramento Daily Union, April 9, 1859, page 2


    FURTHER FROM THE NORTHERN COAST.--By the steamer Columbia we have the Crescent City Herald to 6th April, from which we condense the following intelligence:
    Stephen Hayden, with another man and two squaws, started recently in a canoe to go from the mouth of Illinois to the mouth of Rogue River, and on the way the canoe was upset in a rapid, and Hayden and one of the squaws were drowned. Hayden had relations at Scottsburg, Oregon.
    W. J. Watterman committed suicide, near Crescent City, on 28th March, by cutting his throat with a razor. He was one of the first settlers there, and owned a ranch within two miles of the town. He was nearly 50 years old, and was reported to have a son living in New Orleans. He showed some signs of mental aberration the same day, supposed to have been occasioned by being in debt, and which finally induced him to take his own life. The body was found the next day in a field between his ranch and Crescent City.
    A man named Muma, who recently started from Crescent City to Sailor Diggings, with James Agnew, the mail carrier, perished on the way by cold, while traveling over the snow. The deceased was from Canada. He had but lately come to California. A party of seven men started on 28th March from Crescent City for the same diggings. On the way, they picked up four other men, and proceeded through the snow. After a time, they found that they had wandered off the trail, and were proceeding in a circle. By this time several of the party were exhausted, and were left behind. A portion of them with much difficulty at last arrived at Elk Camp, perfectly worn out, and so covered with frozen snow that they looked like masses of ice. After a time those left behind were rescued after they had been exposed in the snow for three days and two nights without food or water.
Sacramento Daily Union, April 11, 1859, page 2


    DROWNED.--Stephen Hayden and an Indian woman were recently drowned by the upsetting of a canoe in Rogue River.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, April 16, 1859, page 1



    I learn by a private letter recently received from Curry County in this state that Mr. Stephen Hidden was drowned in Rogue River, on 27th March last. Mr.Hidden was a relation of Captain William Tickerson [Tichenor?], who was in company with Mr. H. when the accident happened.
"Letter from Portland, Oregon," San Francisco Bulletin, April 29, 1859, page 1


    FOUR MEN DROWNED IN ROGUE RIVER.--On Sunday evening, April 17th, McPhearson, Thomas McCormick, Dr. H. W. McMillan and T. B. McCullough attempted to cross Rogue River, at its mouth, with some goods, when, unfortunately, says a correspondent of the Crescent City Herald, there was a heavy gale blowing from the north, together with a strong current setting out to sea. It would seem, from the circumstances, that McPhearson, who had charge of the boat, and in fact owned the ferry, being desirous to show his skill as an oarsman, let the boat too far down the river, until all their efforts to gain the shore were unavailing, and they were carried out into the surf. The body of McPhearson had been recovered; of the others nothing had been seen.
Sacramento Daily Union, May 2, 1859, page 1


BY THE NORTHERN TELEGRAPH LINE.
Stabbing Affray in Jacksonville, Oregon--Reported Indian Massacre.
Yreka, May 10th.
    In Jacksonville, Oregon, on Saturday last, Abel George killed a man named McCasson by stabbing him in the breast with a bowie knife, from the effects of which he died instantly. No just cause is assigned. George is notorious as an Indian hunter. He is now in jail at Jacksonville. He was intoxicated at the time of the affray.
    Five men are reported to have been killed by Indians near Klamath Lake. A party of thirty men, with provisions, have started from Jacksonville in pursuit.
Sacramento Daily Union, May 11, 1859, page 1


    THE LATE MURDERS BY INDIANS IN THE NORTH.--A telegram from Yreka, dated 14th May, says:
    James Clugage has returned from the scene of recent Indian murders on the trail leading to Klamath Lake about sixty miles from Jacksonville. He reports that the party have found the bodies of four of the murdered men, and the jaw of the fifth; they were buried in a thicket and the graves covered over with brush. Mr. Teal is in Yreka in search of an Indian chief by name of LaLake, to act as guide in search of the offending parties; all the Indians in Jacksonville were arrested yesterday.
    Abel George has been committed for trail on charge of the murder of McCasson. There is great excitement in Jacksonville, and the populace would certainly have hung George had the result of the examination been otherwise.
San Francisco Bulletin, May 16, 1859, page 1


    I. O. of K.--The Supreme Council of the Independent Order of Knighthood, in session at Sacramento, elected on 13th May the following officers, who were duly installed by the Past Master Worthy Ruler, George Johnson, of Volcano: W. S. Kendall, M.W.R., Folsom; W. V. Rinehart, M.W.D.R., Napoleon, Or.; S. W. Prothero, M. W. Secretary, Michigan Bar; E. A. Rice, M.W.L., Jacksonville, Or.; H. B. Meredith, M. W. Treasurer, Folsom; E. B. Manny, M.W.P., San Jose; C. Hall, M. W. Herald, H. H. Fellows, M.W.G., Sacramento.

San Francisco Bulletin, May 18, 1859, supplement page 1


    ANOTHER INDIAN MASSACRE NORTH--THE LATE PARTY OF FIVE.--James Miller and one Parrish recently left Butte Creek (near Jacksonville) on horseback, with a pack mule, for a hunt in the mountains. On the 14th of May, the mule returned to Miller's house alone, with its pack on, and as nothing has been heard of the men, it is supposed that they have been killed by the Indian murderers from Rancheria Prairie. They were hunting on the same route taken by the Indians. The party of five who were killed several days ago were attacked while lying in bed, as was evident from their wounds. Two men were shot through the head, one cut in the head with an ax, and one shot and also stabbed in the head. The fifth was burned, either alive or after having been killed along with the others.
San Francisco Bulletin, May 20, 1859, page 1


Southern Oregon. 
    The Crescent City Herald gives the following items from Southern Oregon:
    A man named Wilson was arrested at Jacksonville on 2nd May, charged with incest with his child, a girl about fourteen. There was great prejudice, says the Jacksonville Sentinel, existing against the prosecuting witness, and at the close of the examination he would have suffered violence from the people but for the protection of the officers. Wilson was held over in the sum of $1,000, and the bond was signed by no less than fourteen men, among whom were some of the most substantial citizens of the place, such as John Anderson, James Clugage, Brunner and others.
    A man named McKesson was killed lately, at Jacksonville, by Abel George. It seems that George was on a spree and continued jumping up behind McKesson, who was on horseback. McKesson finally dismounted and asked George "if it was him or his horse he wanted to ride?" when George killed him instantly with a knife. George was examined and committed for trial.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, California, May 28, 1859, page 3


    A NEW TOWN IN OREGON.--The San Francisco Times
says a small schooner is about to sail from that port for the mouth of Rogue River, in Oregon, having on board twelve families and about twenty mechanics, who are sent out by a mercantile firm in the city for the purpose of locating a town from which to prosecute sea otter hunting and salmon fishing. The place is to be named Ellensburg. The schooner will make monthly trips between San Francisco and the new town henceforth.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 4, 1859, page 8


    INDIANS BEHEADED NORTH.--Three weeks ago a party of white men were killed by Indians on the trail between Jacksonville and the Klamath country. The murderers were an old man and the four remaining warriors of his tribe, the rest having perished in wars. The old man's son went to the white men's camp and stole a box of matches, in which he was detected, and suffered indignity. Returning to camp the boy related his insult, and after counciling all night the Indians attacked the campers at daylight, shot four of them dead, pursued the other till nearly night, and killed him in the mountains. A squaw related the affair to the Klamath Indians, who sent for the old man and his party, extorted confession of the murder and then shot him twice in the face. Thus wounded, he shot a Klamath Indian mortally, and then fell with six more shots in his breast. His son was also shot, after which the remaining four fled, but the Klamaths pursued and killed another. The heads of the dead were cut off and brought to town on Sunday by La Lakes and some of his men, as evidence that three of the murderers had been killed. The other three, La Lakes says, will suffer the same fate. The chief killed was a most ferocious fellow; he had never been friendly with white men and with his six warriors had waged relentless war. The Klamaths feared that his murders would bring resentment on themselves, and accordingly determined to destroy his party, but the ghastly trophies exhibited here were not obtained without a most savage battle.--Yreka Union, June 2nd.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 7, 1859, page 2


    A dispatch of the 10th ult. from Yreka days:
    Five men are reported to have been killed by the Indians, near Klamath Lake. Thirty men have started from Jacksonville in pursuit, to Jacksonville in Oregon [sic].
    On Saturday last a man named Abel George, a notorious Indian hunter, killed a man named McCasson by stabbing him in the breast with a bowie knife, from the effects of which he died instantly.
"Later from California, New Orleans Daily Crescent, June 13, 1859, page 3


    JACKSONVILLE, OREGON.--We notice the following in the Sentinel, of June 18th:
    The miners in the different mining localities where water is to be obtained are doing well. Thomas, Gregory & Co. are and have been for a long time making good wages, say from eight to ten dollars per day to the hand. Their claims are on the flat adjoining the town. The Sterling, Applegate, Williams Creek and Willow Springs diggings continue to pay good wages.
    On Monday night, June 16th, two men, named George M. Brown and John Wilson, attempted to rob a Chinese house situate about half a mile from John O'Brien's, on Applegate. The Chinamen succeeded in arresting Brown while in the act of committing the robbery. Wilson made his escape. The miners held a mock trial and found Brown guilty of the crime of attempting to rob.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 29, 1859, page 2


    A native of some one of the German states named Adam Numerich, about 25 years of age, and lately from Jacksonville, Oregon, was drowned in the river while bathing, on Sunday morning, at the upper landing. A certificate of deposit, given by Pierce, Church  Co., for 24 3/16 oz. gold dust, was found in the pockets of his clothes on shore. An inquest was held by Coroner Bettis, and a verdict rendered in accordance with the above.

"General Matters in Tehama," Sacramento Daily Union, July 1, 1859, page 3



    COURT SCENE IN OREGON.--We are informed, says the Jacksonville (O.T.) Sentinel, of June 25th, that on Thursday last, when the Circuit Court was in session at Kerbyville, a regular fisticuff fight came off between R. Haydon, Prosecuting Attorney, and C. P. Sprague. The cause of the difficulty we have not learned, nor which was the victor. We are told that the judge fined the young limbs of the law fifty dollars each--just half what it should be.

Sacramento Daily Union,
July 2, 1859, page 4



Indian Massacre.
    Mr. George W. Brown, of this place, handed us, on last Saturday, a copy of the Sentinel, published in Jacksonville, Oregon, containing an account of the murder of his brother, A. J. Brown, and four other persons, by the Indians, about the first of May. He also gave us a letter from his brother, F. M. Brown, containing all the particulars.
    It seems the party left their homes, in Jacksonville or vicinity, for the purpose of selecting stock farms in a region of country as yet uninhabited. As they had no intentions of intruding on Indian territory, they, of course, entertained no apprehensions of an attack, but were well armed. After the day had passed on which the party was expected to return, their friends began to fear that they had fallen into the hands of the Indians. A party was immediately organized for the purpose of searching for them. They immediately started on the trail of the missing party. The first expedition failed in discovering any clue to their fate, except that two or three dead horses, shot with bullets, were discovered; they were identified as belonging to the missing men. A new expedition was organized, which finally succeeded in discovering the dead bodies of four of the party just as the search was about to be abandoned as hopeless. F. M. Brown and Indian Agent Abbott made the discovery. A correspondent of the Sentinel says:
    "The men had been assailed while lying in bed, as was very evident from their wounds. One was shot in the head, one had his head split open with an axe, one was shot in the breast and stabbed, and the other was shot through the breast. The throats of all were cut."
    Mr. Brown in his letter says: "I found our brother in the grave. He had his throat cut, and a gash on the side of the head made by an axe. The wound extended from the back of his ear to the middle of his forehead." The following are the names of the murdered men: A. J. Brown, Eli Ledford, Samuel Probst, James Crow and S. F. Conger. The body of Mr. Ledford had not been discovered, but doubtless he shared the fate of his companions. A volunteer company had started in pursuit of the Indians, but with what degree of success we have not learned.
    Mr. Brown had on his person about three hundred dollars in money at the time of his murder. Of course, the Indians appropriated it to their own use before burying his remains. He was born and reared in Butler County, in this state, and was, we understand, about 24 years of age at the time of his death.
Democrat & Sentinel, Ebensburg, Pennsylvania, July 6, 1859, page 2


    In Jacksonville, Abel George (who killed Hugh H. McCasson), has applied for a change of venue.
Weekly California Express, Marysville, July 9, 1859, page 2


    DROWNED.--On Sunday, June 25th, a German, aged 23 years, named Adam Numerick, was drowned while bathing in the river at Red Bluff. He was lately from Jacksonville, Oregon.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, California, July 9, 1859, page 1


    FAILURE OF CROPS IN THE NORTH.--The Jacksonville Sentinel says that the farmers of Rogue River Valley are in low spirits. It seems that everything combines against them to prevent the production of good crops. The dry weather, the grasshopper, the cricket and the locust, all are proving destructive to the crops. Not half a crop will be produced in Rogue River Valley.
    The Humboldt Times, of July 2nd, says that the crops in its section are suffering greatly for want of rain. It adds: Last winter being unprecedentedly severe, it was quite late before grain crops could be got in. Since then the weather, as a general thing, has been dry and warm, we not even being visited with our usual amount of fogs and heavy dews. For the past two weeks we have not had a single drop of rain, and the days, instead of being foggy and shedding a heavy moisture over the earth as is usual at this season, have been fearfully dry, and, for this latitude, excessively hot. Grain that was sown early will fare best, as it got a good start before the dry, warm weather set in. But few good crops of either grain or grass will be raised in this county this season. In the vicinity of Union this week we noticed fields of wheat, all headed out, not over twelve inches high. In that vicinity but few farmers will reap more than one half the yield of last year, and we are informed by some of the most extensive farmers below this place that their fields will not yield more than one fourth the grain that was produced on the same ground last year. The last few days have given indications of rain, but unless it comes soon it will be too late for this season. A good shower would be a godsend just now.
Sacramento Daily Union, July 13, 1859, page 4


    MIGRATION FROM OREGON TO CALIFORNIA.--The traveling correspondent of the Christian Advocate, writing about what he lately saw on the road between Yreka and Jacksonville, says:
    We met several droves of neat cattle on the way to California, and a number of families, with stock, moving into our state. They had crossed the plains, among the pioneers of western civilization, and now were backward journeying, too much cramped in Oregon, or didn't like the climate, or were restless, and must go somewhere.
Weekly California Express, Marysville, July 23, 1859, page 2


    We find in the Crescent City Herald of July 20th a paragraph to the following effect: Stout, Democrat, has been elected, according to the Sentinel (Jacksonville) of Saturday last, July 16th, by a majority of sixteen votes. Our last advices from Portland are to July 14th.

"Later from the North," Sacramento Daily Union, July 25, 1859, page 4



    JACKSONVILLE, OREGON.--The Sentinel, of July 16th, has the following intelligence:
    Allen Smith, who was convicted of larceny at the late term of the Circuit Court, and sentenced to three years' imprisonment in the state prison, started for Portland on the morning of the 13th, under the charge of Samuel Taylor, Deputy Sheriff.
    A man known at Yreka by the name of Post, at the Dalles by the name of Badger, and in Marion County, Oregon, by the name of Warren Cooly--we have not heard of any other alias, but suppose there are many--this Warren Cooly, as we shall call him, sold to Roberts, of Corvallis, three mules. Two were proven to be the property of Simms, at the Dalles. Sheriff Hendershott, of Josephine County, found the fellow on Wednesday last at Williams' Creek, and arrested him, when the nice little gentleman attempted to escape. Hendershott fired three shots at him, none taking effect. Cooly, in his anxiety to escape, made a desperate leap down a hill and fell. Before he could recover, Hendershott was upon him, knocked him down with his pistol, secured him and brought him to this place on the stage Wednesday evening, lodged the prisoner in jail, but left with him this morning, where he will be kept until he is conveyed to the Dalles, at which place he will be recognized as Badger.
Sacramento Daily Union, July 27, 1859, page 4


    A FISHING COLONY.--A number of families have established a settlement at the mouth of Rogue River, and are doing a good business in catching and salting salmon and other fish. A short distance up the river are good mines, which yield a handsome remuneration to the laborer. The climate is very healthy, and the families are all contented with their new home.
Sonoma County Journal, Petaluma, California, August 26, 1859, page 2


FROM OREGON.
Ashland Mills, Rogue River Valley,
    Oregon, July 27, 1859.
To the Editor of the National Era:
    We have just emerged from a warm and exciting political campaign. The candidates were David Logan, of Portland, the Republican nominee, and Lansing Stout, of the same place, the Democratic nominee. The latest news we have, and which claims to be official, gives Stout the bare majority of nine. The result is far beyond the expectations of the most sanguine. We had heavy odds against us, all the prestige of the Democratic Party, a majority of some 2,000 to overcome, and all the influence of the federal officers in the state.
    There were several causes united to produce this effect, and prominent among them was the great disaffection in the Democratic Party in Oregon. There has been a bitter war between the leaders of the party in Oregon, which are known as the Lane and Anti-Lane parties, and the breach has become so wide that it will never be healed. There is also a growing disposition on the part of the people to doubt the willingness of the Administration to do justice to us in relation to the adjustment of our war claims. This in fact is the paramount question in Oregon, and the party that does her justice--for that is all her people ask--will be supported, and none others need ask.
    The election will perhaps be contested on the part of Mr. Logan, as I understand, that at Walla Walla precinct, that gave Stout twenty-four majority, the judges of election were sworn in by officers from Washington Territory. And in another precinct that gave him a majority, the poll books were not certified to. The mail waits.
J.M.M. [probably J. M. McCall]
The National Era, Washington, D.C., September 1, 1859, page 139

    OREGON ELECTION.--A correspondent of The National Era, writing from Ashland Mills, Rogue River Valley, Oregon [above], says that the election of Stout will "perhaps be contested on the part of Mr. Logan, as at Walla Walla Precinct, that gave Stout twenty-four majority, the judges of election were sworn in by officers from Washington Territory. And in another precinct that gave him a majority, the poll-books were not certified to." The writer also adds that there "is a growing disposition on the part of the people to doubt the willingness of the Administration to do justice to us in relation to the adjustment of our war claims. This, in fact, is the paramount question in Oregon, and the party that does her justice--for that is all her people ask--will be supported, and none others need ask."
Portland Advertiser, Portland, Maine, September 13, 1859, page 1


    MINING IN JACKSONVILLE, OREGON.--The Sentinel, of Sept. 3rd, says:
    Many of the mining claims that are now worked pay from $8 to $20 per day to the hand, and we heard of one man who washed one pan of "dirty" yielding $14, and that a Spaniard owned a claim on the gulch immediately below Layton's claim that prospected one dollar to the pan. There is no longer a question of doubt about the Williamsburg diggings.
Sacramento Daily Union, September 14, 1859, page 4


    ELI JUDD.--The Jacksonville Sentinel says that Eli Judd was taken prisoner in that place on the 2nd inst., by John O'Brian, who arrested him at Applegate, near Walker's place.
Sacramento Daily Union, September 15, 1859, page 3


    EMIGRANTS.--The emigrants are arriving daily. We are informed by our old friend Charles Henderer, who arrived here on Thursday last, that the emigration to Oregon will be large, that a number of the disappointed "Pikes Peakers" were en route for the Pacific and bound for Oregon. Mr. H. traveled a good portion of the way almost alone, having a fine wagon and some good American horses--coming in what is called the Honey Lake and Pit River road. He had no difficulty with the Indians and informs us that he heard of none until the murder of four men at Pit River, that a company of volunteers had pursued the Indians and killed several, taking an Indian child prisoner. Mr. H. would have come into Oregon by the way of Goose and Klamath lakes, but when he passed the road none of the emigrants had traveled it, and it was difficult to get a company strong enough to come in that way on account of the Klamath and Pit River Indians.--Jacksonville Sentinel.
Weekly Oregonian, Portland, September 17, 1859, page 2


    WAGON ROAD NORTH.--The Crescent City Herald, of September 28th, speaking of a new wagon road, says:
    The "Josephine Wagon Road" has been surveyed from Kerbyville to a point on the Jacksonville road, at Thompson's, on Applegate Creek, making the distance from Kerbyville to Jacksonville forty-four miles. The present road traveled by teams is fifty-two miles. A company is being organized by virtue of a charter granted January, 1859, by the Territory of Oregon to construct the road immediately. A preliminary organization has been effected, by selecting R. B. Morford, president, and Dr. Holton, secretary. The books are now opened for stock. Capital stock fixed at $6,000.
    The proposed route passes up Deer Creek Valley to its extreme eastern point, thence over the low ridge dividing Deer Creek from Murphy's Creek, thence up Applegate, south side, crossing Williams Creek, about two and a half miles below Williamsburg, to terminus of survey at Thompson's. The route is practicable for a good wagon road, the grade over the ridge being easier than the Crescent City road. A road is in contemplation from Sailor Diggings to intersect the aforesaid road, in Deer Creek Valley, passing over the ridge near Caldwell's, which will still shorten the distance six or seven miles, which, when completed, will shorten the distance from Crescent City to Jacksonville fifteen miles over the present traveled road.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 5, 1859, page 2


    COUNTY FAIR AT JACKSON, SOUTHERN OREGON.--The Jackson County Agricultural Society held their first annual Exhibition and Fair at the Courthouse in Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, on the 4th and 5th October.

San Francisco Bulletin, October 12, 1859, page 2



    SOUTHERN OREGON.--From the Jacksonville Sentinel, October 1st, 12 gather the following items:
    News was brought us yesterday by G. H. Abbott, Indian agent, of a fearful slaughter of emigrants at Tule Lake. Mr. Abbott received information of this massacre from a trusty Klamath Lake Indian, who came to town yesterday noon. He states that the massacre was committed about two weeks ago. His story is that it was a small band of emigrants, consisting of men, women and children, who were on their way hither. At Tule Lake they were attacked by a party of Modoc Indians. The men and women were killed at once, the savages reserving the children for slavery. But, seeing other emigrant trains passing a day or two after, the Indians became apprehensive of the discovery by them of the slaughter, and dispatched the youthful victims. The animals were also killed, and the property seized taken to the island in Tule Lake, where it is still kept.
    A shooting affair occurred on Thursday evening, at Sailor's Diggings, between Fred. Patterson and a man known as "Fraser River George." Several shots were exchanged. Patterson is supposed to be mortally wounded; George was slightly wounded in the shoulder.
    G. H. Abbott, Indian agent, starts today for Klamath Lake, to arrest the Indians concerned in the massacre of Ledford and his party last spring. Mr. Abbott will be accompanied by ten picked men, citizens of the valley, to aid him in the desperate service.
    On Tuesday and Wednesday of next week, the Jackson County Agricultural Society will hold their first Exhibition and Fair at the Courthouse in this place.
    A correspondent at Gasburg informs us that the Ashland Hotel, at Ashland Mills, was destroyed by fire on Thursday night.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 12, 1859, page 1


    GOVERNOR CURRY ON THE STUMP.--This gentleman was recently at Jacksonville (Oregon), where he made a speech. The Sentinel, of October 15th, thus refers to it:
    "His remarks were confined principally to matters connected with the war debt, and the position the Democratic Party occupied upon the vexed, entangled subject of squatter or popular sovereignty in the territories. We are not aware that he shed any new light upon the former as to what was the best and speediest method to secure the payment, but what he did say was truthful of the past and correct of the present. His position upon the latter subject was not clearly defined, but we believe he favors the position assumed by Senator Douglas more than that promulgated by any other of the great party leaders. Governor Curry announced himself a candidate for United States Senator, and undertook to show that his elevation to that distinguished position would be more beneficial to our people in several aspects than would the election of any of the other known candidates. He barely alluded to the dissension existing in the ranks of the Democratic Party, and briefly counseled moderation and reconciliation, and expressed the hope that at an early day the party might be united upon a common basis in indissoluble compact and harmony. His remarks partook more of the nature of talk than a speech, and were attentively listened to."
Sacramento Daily Union, October 27, 1859, page 1


    The county seat of Curry County, Oregon, is to be removed to Ellensburg, at the mouth of Rogue River.
"Oregon News," Daily True Delta, New Orleans, October 28, 1859, page 2


    FROM SOUTHERN OREGON.--We find the annexed intelligence in the Jacksonville Sentinel, of October 15th:
    We were shown at Maury & Davis' the other day several very rich specimens of quartz gold taken from the diggings at Williams' Creek. Some of this gold has assayed as high has 947 thousands--being far richer than the gold found in California, save in rare localities. The pieces were taken out by Mexicans. There were besides a few specimens of placer gold, of exceeding richness, and of most curious forms, the product of the diggings near town.
    A defaulting scoundrel, George W. Sharpe, has fraudulently disposed of a large quantity of jewelry, watches, etc. entrusted to him for sale by George C. Robbins, of Portland. The fellow had also a batch of bills due Robbins, and others due the Democratic Standard newspaper office, given to him for collection. Many of these he collected, and eloped with the amounts realized from them, and from the sale of the jewelry. Sharpe was at Canonville about five or six weeks ago, where, it is ascertained, he exchanged a quantity of jewelry for a pair of horses. He passed through Jacksonville about a month since.
Weekly California Express, Marysville, California, October 29, 1859, page 3


    RETURN OF ABBOTT'S PARTY.--On Thursday afternoon, October 20th, says the Jacksonville Sentinel, G. H. Abbott and the party who accompanied him returned from the Klamath Lake expedition. They were gone twenty days. Abbott failed to apprehend the Indians who were engaged in the massacre of Ledford and his party last spring, or to get any reliable information as to their whereabouts. That they were secreted by members of their tribe he is well satisfied, but the paucity of his force and the difficulties which would have to be encountered in pursuing and capturing them forbade him from making the effort.
Sacramento Daily Union, November 2, 1859, page 2


    RESULT OF THE KLAMATH LAKE EXPEDITION.--The Jacksonville (S.O.) Sentinel gives an account of the recent expedition by G. H. Abbott and others to Klamath Lake, in search of the Indians who were engaged in the massacre of Ledford and his party last spring. The expedition was gone twenty days. The Sentinel says:
    "That the Indians who had been engaged in the massacre were secreted by members of their tribe Mr. Abbott was well satisfied, but the paucity of his force, and the difficulty to be encountered in pursuing and capturing them, prevented him from making the effort. The Indians were peaceably disposed while the party were among them, although they evinced considerable dissatisfaction at not being furnished with goods and presents, but they were made to understand that until they delivered the murderers of the Ledford party over to the proper authorities, no such articles would be dispensed to the tribe.
    "Mr. Abbott made careful inquiry into the correctness of the report brought to town just before he left of the massacre of a party of emigrants by the Modoc Indians. The statements were conflicting--some declaring that there was a massacre, others as stoutly declaring that the rumor was without foundation. Among others, Mr. Abbott met the chief of the Modocs, who assured him it was the Pit River Indians who had committed the massacre upon the emigrants about the time specified, and that the Modocs had nothing to do with it, nor were they within several miles of the scene.
    "A broad, extensive valley of surpassing fertility, and thickly grown with luxuriant bunchgrass was discovered to the north of the lake, beyond the divide which separates the emigrant trail, some twenty miles. It is described to be larger than the Rogue River Valley, and admirably adapted to the grazing of numerous herds. By abandoning the old trail and striking over the northern slope of the great butte, the party obtained a full view of this delightful valley, with which they were very much charmed.
    "The whole party returned in first-rate health and in fine spirits. They found a superabundance of elk, deer, bear and other game during their absence, and brought in the saddles of three or four bucks. The rain prevented them from hunting two days, but they did not suffer any lack of game from this cause."
San Francisco Bulletin, November 3, 1859, page 3



Suicide in Yreka.
Yreka--7 p.m.
    A butcher, named Buck, hang[ed] himself in his own room at Kerbyville. Cause unknown.
    Abel George, who was arrested for killing Hugh McCassen, in Jacksonville, is acquitted.
    Fred Patterson, who was shot at Sailor Diggings, is in a critical condition.
Alta California, San Francisco, November 5, 1859, page 1


    VALUE OF LAND ABOUT JACKSONVILLE, S.O.--James Pool has sold his claim on the borders of Jacksonville to John Bigham, for $18,000. The tract has somewhat over 500 acres of fine rolling and meadow land, with portions of it well timbered. There are but few improvements upon the claim. Both gentlemen are old residents. This sale will give to persons at a distance an idea of the valuation of property in the Valley (Rogue River) and show to them that there are few places in Oregon which offer equal inducements for settlers to come and take up the yet unoccupied lands. Mr. Pool located this claim in 1852, himself and James Clugage being the first to settle at Jacksonville.--Jacksonville Sentinel.
San Francisco Bulletin, November 10, 1859, page 2


MARRIED.
    At Butte Creek, Southern Oregon, Oct. 20th, James D. Peterson to America Matthews.
DIED.
    At Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, Oct. 24th, Margaret S. Love, aged 72 years.
Sacramento Daily Union, November 12, 1859, page 2


    OREGON POTATOES.--The Jacksonville Sentinel chronicles some large potatoes grown at Applegate, Southern Oregon. Two weighed a trifle over three pounds each, and these with thirty-six others, from the same seed, measured a good bushel.

San Francisco Bulletin, November 17, 1859, page 2



    Divorces were granted lately at Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, in the following cases: Bethenia Hill agt. Legrand Hill, Emeline Grotts agt. Wm. Grotts, and Sophia Snead agt. Finlay Snead.
"Later from California," New York Daily Tribune, November 28, 1859, page 6


    HOMICIDE IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--The Jacksonville Sentinel chronicles the killing, on 15th November, at Williamsburg, Southern Oregon, of a man named Marion Dildine, by one Archibald Christman. It appears that the parties had been at enmity for some time past, growing out of an affair in which a woman was concerned. Dildine had seduced the woman from duty to her husband, and ran off with her to Yreka. At the time of this affair, some of the residents at Williamsburg threatened to inflict summary chastisement upon Dildine for his offense, and prominent among them was Christman. Nothing of the sort was attempted, however, and Dildine made off with the woman unmolested, save by a suit instituted by the husband, after giving bail for his appearance for trial of the case.
    On the 15th November, Dildine returned to Williamsburg alone, having left the woman at Yreka. Christmas was told that he had threatened to shoot him, and knowing Dildine to be a desperate man, he prepared himself in the event of meeting him. About half past 8 o'clock in the evening, the two men met in the street, in front of a public house. Dildine came towards Christman and offered to shake hands with him, but the latter, fearing some design against his life, refused, and drew his revolver. Dildine turned to run, and had got but a few steps off when Christmas fired at him. The ball took mortal effect, penetrating the back, and coming out in the lower part of the right breast. Dildine fell helpless, and was taken to a house nearby, where he died next morning. Christman gave himself into custody at once. Dildine had killed a Mexican a few months ago at Williamsburg, for which offense he was acquitted, and as he threatened to kill Christman on sight, from his known dangerous character, some persons think the latter was fully justified in shooting him, and that he did it in pure self-defense. Before his death, Dildine declared that the woman was in Yreka, although it was reported at Jacksonville that she died somewhere near Scotts Valley. Christman was arraigned before Justices Dunlap and Luther, at Williamsburg, on 17th November, and after a full examination into the facts of the case was discharged.
    This is the story as told by the Jacksonville Sentinel, Our readers can judge for themselves whether Christman was justified in shooting a man who was apparently unarmed, and was flying from him, because he had been told
to beware of him.
San Francisco Bulletin, December 2, 1859, page 3


Later from the North.
    The steamer Columbia arrived here this forenoon from ports on the northern coast. She brought papers from Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, to Nov. 26th; from Crescent City to Nov. 30th, and from Humboldt Bay to Dec. 3rd.
    On the night of Nov. 18th, a Mexican named Emanuel murdered a young man named Rogers at Williamsburg, Southern Oregon. It appears from a narrative in the Jacksonville Sentinel that the Mexican was engaged in a dispute with another person, who had lifted a pitcher to repel a demonstration made by Emanuel, and at that instant Rogers entered the room and passed, unwittingly, between the disputants. Before any of the bystanders could interpose, Emanuel jerked out a revolver and mortally shot Rogers. In the panic of the moment the murderer escaped.
Sacramento Daily Union, December 7, 1859, page 2


    EXPORTATION OF GRAPE VINES.--A large amount of grape vines are reported to be on their way from Los Angeles to Jacksonville, Oregon.

Sacramento Daily Union, December 8, 1859, page 2



    MINING IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--Recently, new and extensive placers have been discovered in the vicinity of Gasburg (Southern Oregon) which prospect quite equal to the richest gold mines in the country. The whole neighborhood is thrown into considerable excitement with the good news of these discoveries, and already an unusual number of persons from more remote localities has gathered there, to engage in mining operations. The rush has been so great, and the prospects so flattering, that the whole stock of mining implements [that] was in the hands of the Gasburg merchants was bought up by the eager operators, and a heavy additional draft was made upon houses in Jacksonville.
    The existence of gold placers about Gasburg has been known for the past two or three years, but they were not deemed sufficiently extensive to warrant the outlay of the amount of capital to bring in the necessary supply of water to successfully work them. The recent developments have entirely dissipated this belief, and already enough to known to assure parties, willing and ready to engage in such an enterprise, that the construction of a good ditch will prove a lucrative investment. Hitherto, we learn, that there were difficulties which prevented the building of a ditch. Farmers and mill owners in that section, whose lands and whose mills are supplied from Applegate Creek, and who possess prior right to the water, feared that diversion of the stream by the miners would almost entirely exclude them from the benefit of it, and therefore interposed objection. But it is now satisfactorily ascertained that besides the quantity needed for both of these classes of citizens, enough and plenty can be furnished to facilitate mining operations, and consequently objections formerly maintained have been withdrawn. Steps are being taken to bring in a ditch of suitable capacity. Should this be true, and the work fairly prosecuted, these mines can be readily worked almost throughout every month in the year.--Jacksonville Sentinel.
San Francisco Bulletin, December 17, 1859, page 1


    TWO MORE MURDERS IN OREGON.--We learn from the Jacksonville Sentinel that Samuel Mooney, an old and well-known citizen of Jackson County, was recently shot by Wm. Casterlin. Mooney was shot in his own house, in the presence of two gentlemen. Casterlin was arrested, examined and committed to jail. Samuel Herod was also shot while standing in a saloon at Althouse, by some unknown person from the outside of the house. No arrests had been made at the last dates. Murders are becoming frequent in the southern portion of our state, as well as in the north. Life is held entirely too cheap on the Pacific Coast, and it requires at the hands of our courts the adoption of some means to prevent the destruction of human life.
Weekly Oregonian, Portland, December 24, 1859, page 2


    MURDER AT ALTHOUSE, SOUTHERN OREGON.--A correspondent of the Jacksonville Sentinel says that at Althouse, Southern Oregon, on Sunday, Dec. 4th, some unknown person approached the window of a saloon in which Samuel Herod was standing, and with a yager of immense caliber shot him. The ball caused instant death. Two men had been arrested upon suspicion, one of whom had an altercation during the day with Herod; the other was supposed to be the owner of the yager.
Sacramento Daily Union, December 26, 1859, page 2


    DEAR DEER KILLER.--The Sentinel of Jacksonville, Oregon, alludes to Miss Cartwright, aged eighteen years, as a "dear deer killer." A few years since she shot a deer near her father's house, "plumb through" the heart--just where the deer killers generally hit. This was the third time that Miss Cartwright has killed--she is evidently a girl of unquestionably good aims.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, California, December 31, 1859, page 4



Last revised November 18, 2017