The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Medford News: 1912

Medford-related news items from 1912. Also see descriptions of Medford and Jackson County for this year.

    Rev. Joseph Sheerin, of Renovo, Pa., arrived in Portland Thursday night, and will take charge of the Medford Episcopal Church today.
"Busy Year Is Outlined for Y.M.C.A. Youths," Sunday Oregonian, Portland, January 7, 1912, page B6

    H. H. Howell, recently of Alberta, Canada, has been secured as the new musical director of the Medford, Or. brass band. Mr. Howell is stated to be a composer as well as an excellent band leader.
"Music," Sunday Oregonian, Portland, February 18, 1912, page 42

    Nevertheless, there is a good deal of boosting done for this locality by the Commercial Club and real estate men. All reports of mechanics being wanted here are false, and migrating brothers are warned not to place any credence in them. This place is one of the best places for a person with plenty of money, the climate cannot be beat, but we cannot live solely on the climate; in order to live we must have work and this, let it be said again, is very scarce here at this time. Stay away!
"News Notes from Local Unions," The Carpenter, April 1912, page 39

Rogue River Fruit Promising.
    Medford, Ore., May 24.--Although the Rogue River Valley fruit crop is not sufficiently matured to place an estimate definitely, Prof. P. J. O'Gara believes 800 cars of pears and apples will be shipped from Jackson County during the season. Of this number 40 percent will be pears and the balance apples.
    This estimate does not include apricots, peaches and cherries, and no estimate can be obtained upon these fruits at this time as the orchards that are coming into bearing are not watched as closely as are the orchards of pears and apples.   
    Prof. O'Gara states that in a portion of the valley he has found a good crop prospect, and even the Winter Nelis, which were supposed to to have pollinated enough to secure a full crop, are looking better. The expense of thinning is the greatest one for the orchardists now, and the work will be begun soon. At the present time codling moth is being sprayed for and will be continued for the next two weeks.
The Chicago Packer, May 25, 1912, page 14

Medford Votes $20,000 for Bridge.
    MEDFORD, Or., May 28.--(Special.)--By a vote of 416 to 81 today the city of Medford decided to bond itself for $20,000 for the purpose of constructing, with the aid of the county, a bridge over Bear Creek, and by a vote of 306 to 266 decided to have city notices printed in the Medford newspapers but once instead of three times.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 30, 1912, page 1

    1904: J. W. J. Marion is a physician at 333 S. Orange St., Medford, Ore.
    1905: H. C. Egan is manager of the Egan Orchard Co., situated at Medford, Ore. His company owns 115 acres which are devoted to the raising of apples and pears for the fancy market. Other 1905 men at Medford are A. St. V. Carpenter and Whitcomb Field, the latter having only recently purchased a small place of about 20 acres, which has been partly developed.
"News from the Classes," The Harvard Graduates' Magazine, June 1912, page 732 and 734

Valley Promises Largest Yield in Its History.
    MEDFORD, Or., May 31.--(Special.)--According to the statistics of Professor O'Gara and the Southern Pacific railroad, the Rogue River Valley will have the largest fruit crop in its history in 1912.
    The following comparison with 1911 has been compiled:
    Carloads, 1912--Pears, 150; apples, 450; peaches, 33; small fruits, 65; total, 700.
    Carloads, 1911--Pears, 117; apples, 81, peaches, 10, small fruits, 3; total 211.
    The largest previous crop was in 1910 when 534 cars were shipped. But for the cold and rainy weather in April and May it is computed there would have been 800 carloads, the impoverished fertilization and consequent dropping having materially decreased the output.
    This increase may be largely attributed of course to the increased acreage annually coming into bearing.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 1, 1912, page 5

Rogue River District Made Strong Fight Against Infected Trees.
    Medford, Ore., May 31.--The Rogue River district this year is practically free from orchard blights, after a four years' fight by Prof. P. J. O'Gara. After a vigorous fruit inspection and weeding out of trees infected, a banner crop for 1912 is expected by orchardists of this section.
    During the winter orchard owners were requested to visit all their trees and weed out the infection before the sap got into the branches and spread the disease when the trees began to bloom. Realizing the importance of such a campaign, all who had signs of blight in the previous years worked strenuously at pruning off infected branches. As a result, not a single case has been reported this year.
    Rigid laws passed by the County Court empowered the fruit inspectors to order all infected trees cut to the ground. This had its effect the first year, when the orchardists, realizing the importance of keeping their orchards in a clean state, took up the work in earnest.
The Chicago Packer, June 1, 1912, page 8



Jacksonville Quarry Scene of Disaster--Various Theories Given
As Cause of Accident--Bodies Thrown Hundreds of Feet.

    Four men are dead, two others cling to life by a slender thread, momentarily expected to break, and two others maimed for the rest of their days, is the toll taken by an explosion of powder and dynamite at the county quarry, near Jacksonville, operated by Twohy Brothers, Thursday morning about 11:30 o'clock.
    The dead, killed instantly, are:
    Louis Bogdon, aged 40 years, powderman, blown to shreds.
    Louis Layovich, helper to Bogdon, crushed and mangled by the force of the explosion.
    John Simmons, aged 35 years, a resident of Jacksonville, crushed by a huge rock loosened by the force of the explosion. Simmons was working beneath the scene of the explosion.
    James Ryan, living with his mother in Jacksonville, and her only support, employed as a water boy, at the time making his way to Bogdon and Layovich to give them a drink, killed by flying rocks, died in Sacred Heart hospital half an hour later.
    The fatally injured, to whom but a slight chance of recovery is given, are:
    John Sutton, laborer, middle aged, leg broken, many bruises, and suffering from the shock.
    Emery Vissino, laborer, resident of Jacksonville for a number of years, internal injuries and bruises.
    The seriously injured, reported out of danger, are:
    J. Bodovich, Greek laborer, bruises and cuts about chest and limbs.
    John Zunello, arm broken, cut and bruised.
    Carl Byrne, head hurt by flying rock.
    Out of the many theories advanced as to the exact cause of the accident, the most plausible is that it was caused by friction. It is believed that the tamping stick end was covered with sand, and that when Bogdon drove it into the hole, a sandpaper effect followed which ignited the powder, followed by an explosion which hurled three into eternity. A box of powder and dynamite used for "bulldozing" was standing hard by, and to this is attributed the heavy force of the explosion.
    It was also rumored that the tamping was done with a "spoon rod" used to lift dirt out of the powder hole, but was not confirmed. Foreman Perry of the crew stated that the explosion might have been caused by the use of a rod heated in the sun's rays, but thought that sand on the end of the rod was the most plausible theory. He also stated that as far as he knew no one was smoking cigarettes at the time of the accident. Louis Bogdon, the powder man, according to Perry, had recently sold a mine in Alaska for $13,000, and had handled explosives in many forms for over twenty years. Bogdon was regarded as a careful man.
    The explosion, which was no different than half a dozen heard in Jacksonville every day, attracted no attention until a messenger ran hurriedly down the principal street spreading the news of the accident. Every man in the quiet town rushed to the scene, and the injured hurried to the Sacred Heart hospital. Women and children gathered, fearful lest their own husbands and fathers were among the dead or maimed. The injured cared for, thought was given to the dead.
    Lying beneath a manzanita tree, 250 feet above the spot where the explosion occurred, was the torn, mangled form of Bogdon. He had been hurled straight up, and his body in its downward fall had crashed through telephone lines and the limbs of the trees. Bogdon's right arm was found in a rock car the same distance in the opposite direction.
    Layovich, helper to Bogdon, was hurled three hundred feet through the air and struck a pole. Practically every bone in his body was broken by the force of the concussion. Ryan, the water carrier, lay in the path that leads up to the powder hole. Simmons was found beside a handcar, its heavy iron sides crushed by the explosion.
Ashland Tidings, June 10, 1912, page 1

Rainfall Will Increase Crop 100 Cars, Other Fruits in Proportion.
    MEDFORD, Or., June 21.--(Special.)--That the rain Thursday will add 100 cars of apples to the fruit crop of the Rogue River Valley was the statement of Professor P. J. O'Gara, county pathologist.
    "The conditions for apples have been good all season," said the professor, "but this rain has made them ideal. It came at the best possible time and ensures the marketing of practically all the fruit set at the present time. Instead of 450 cars, I make the prediction there will be 550 cars, and with the pears and small fruit, 800 cars will be a conservative estimate for this section.
    Medford will also ship out hundreds of bushels of potatoes, and the hay crop will be the largest in history. From an agricultural viewpoint conditions never looked brighter in Southern Oregon.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 21, 1912, page 4

Rogue River Will Have New Station in Near Future.

    The year 1912 is bringing great changes for Woodville, and at the pace that this enterprising town is making, it will be well to the front of the 18 other towns in Rogue River Valley by the close of the year. Starting out in pioneer days under the classical name of Tailholt, later to be changed to Woodville, in honor of John Wood, the first postmaster, and having this spring installed a municipal-owned water system, put in electric lights, built sidewalks and cleaned the streets, prohibited hogs and other stock from running on the streets, and developed from a grove of native oaks and other trees one of the handsomest parks in the valley, the villagers became so infused with progressiveness that they changed the name of their own and now call it Rogue River, and the name has been accepted by the Post Office Department and by the Southern Pacific railroad.
    And now they are to have a new depot, that having been recently promised by the Southern Pacific officials in appreciation of the enterprise of the town and of its imperative need for larger and better transportation facilities. It will be of wood, but will be a handsome structure and large enough to accommodate the growth of traffic for years to come. And it will have the further advantage that it will be located on the same side of the tracks as the town so that people will not be prevented from reaching it when a train is in, as is now the case with the present depot, and it will not block the main street of town, as does the one now in use, but will be placed to one side of the street. It is expected that work on the new depot will be commenced within the next 60 days and that it will be ready for use early this fall.
Ashland Tidings, June 27, 1912, page 4

Medford Pastor Ill Here.
    Father J. A. Van Nevel, pastor of the Catholic Church at Medford, is in St. Vincent's Hospital, suffering from a nervous breakdown, due to overwork. Father Van Nevel for several years was assistant pastor at Albany, and is well known in the Willamette Valley. His energetic work in attending the many small missions that are scattered over Linn County, and are part of the Albany pastorate, proved a hard strain on his health. He had been in the Medford hospital several weeks before coming to Portland.
Sunday Oregonian, July 7, 1912, page 56

    Frank A. Torrey, formerly in business in this city, but now located at Eugene, Oregon, is visiting friends here. He reports business lively at Eugene.
"Local and Personal," Medford Mail Tribune, July 12, 1912, page 2

William Sooy Smith.
July 22.

    General William Sooy Smith, who was General Grant's chief of cavalry in the Vicksburg campaign, was born in Tarlton, Ohio, July 22nd, 1830, and graduated from West  Point academy in 1863. General Smith served with distinction during the greater part of the Civil War--until disabled by illness near the close of the struggle--but his fame rests more upon his achievements as a civil engineer than his military record. For many years he was regarded as one of America's foremost civil engineers. He practiced the profession in Chicago in the '50s and again took it up after the close of the war. In the construction of the lighthouse at the western entrance of the Straits of Mackinac. General Smith was the first engineer in the world to use pneumatic caissons. He built the first all-steel railway bridge in the world at Glasgow, Mo., and numerous other bridges by the pneumatic process. By the same means he completely changed the methods of construction of the heavy buildings in Chicago and other large cities. Since his retirement from active service some years ago General Smith has made his home near Medford, Ore.
Daily Democrat, Sherman Texas, July 22, 1912, page 4

Hay, Poultry and Eggs Find Market on Outside--Fruit Crop and Honey Supply Promising.
    MEDFORD, Or., July 22.--(Special.)--Medford will mark the year 1912 as the first year that it has started a balance of trade in farm produce in its favor. The first car of potatoes ever shipped out of the valley was sent this week, and because of the heavy hay and grain crop many flour and feed mills which have been closed the past few weeks will open as soon as the threshing season begins.
    A year ago 163 cars of hay were imported, and eggs were shipped in regularly. For several weeks now eggs have been sent out and none received. Hundreds of tons of alfalfa and grain hay will be sold to outside buyers.
    The public market recently established is proving a great success. Fruits and vegetables of all kinds, chickens, eggs and other produce are being purchased by local consumers considerably below the market price.
    The fruit crop will be large and of the highest quality. Three cars of pears have been sold for future delivery through the Northwestern Fruit Exchange of Portland, averaging $2 a box f.o.b. Medford. The picking season for Bartletts will open August 5 to 10, and local ranchers are already scouring the country for help.
    Although moisture has delayed the honey production somewhat the tonnage will be a record breaker. William Muller, the honey king, reports that shipments will begin next week, and between 30 and 40 tons will be shipped.
    The increase in local production is attributed largely to the increased use of water, the ranchers having found that irrigation is one of the best investments that can be made, both as an insurance against crop failure and a guarantee of greater production per acre.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 23, 1912, page 10

Rev. John Howard, of Medford, Shot While Hunting Near Glendale.
    MEDFORD, Or., Aug. 13.--Rev. John Howard, well known in this city, being a brother of Horace and S. T. Howard, Jr., and interested in the Medford Furniture and Hardware business block at Sixth and Central streets, was probably fatally injured Tuesday morning by being accidentally shot while on a hunting trip about 20 miles from Glendale.
    Only meager details of the accident have reached Medford, one report stating that doctors had started for the scene of the accident with but little hope of saving Howard's life. He was shot through the body. His brothers, Horace and S. T., Jr., left immediately in an auto for the scene of the accident with a doctor and a trained nurse.

Morning Oregonian,
Portland, August 14, 1912, page 14

Sale of Fruit at High Prices Means Prosperous Season.
    MEDFORD, Or., Aug. 21.--(Special.)--With six cars of Bartlett pears averaging $1.70 a box f.o.b. Medford, and another car sold in New York today, averaging $2.50 f.o.b. New York, the ranchers of the Rogue River Valley believe they are entering upon the most prosperous year in their history. In 1911 $1.50 was the maximum, and many cars sold as low as $1, while there were practically no apples in the valley.
    This year the pear crop is three times as large as last year, the pears are unusually uniform and large sized, and it is predicted that now the California crop is practically disposed of the Southern Oregon fruit will enter a constantly rising market. The entire output will approximate 150 cars.
    The apple crop is a record-breaker. The trees are so heavily loaded that scaffolding has to be used throughout the orchards to prevent the limbs from breaking. Where there were less than 100 cars shipped out in 1911 there will be between 500 to 500 in 1912, and the size and color of the fruit will be the finest in the history of the valley.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 22, 1912, page 1

    Officials learned the name of the bandit who held up six mail clerks on the Union Pacific train between here and Kansas City and later was shot and captured. He is Will Lounsberry of Medford, Ore., who was formerly a mail clerk
The Ordway New Era, Ordway, Colorado, August 30, 1912

    Dr. J. E. Shearer has changed his address from Medford, Oregon to Glendale, Arizona.
"News Items," The California Eclectic Medical Journal, September 1912, page 238

High School Enrollment Doubles in Three Years.
    MEDFORD, Or., Sept. 4.--(Special.)--The steady gain of school enrollment in Medford the last three years demonstrates that Medford's population has been steadily increasing. The strongest rate of growth has been in the high school, which has twice as many scholars this year as it had three years ago. The figures for the high school and the total enrollment are as follows:
                                               1912    1911    1910    1909
        High school . . . . . . . . .   250      205      151      125
        Grade schools  . . . . . . . 1300    1143    1012      845
            Total enrollment . . . 1550    1348    1163      970
Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 5, 1912, page 6

    A number of excellent pieces of work were shown in the June exhibits of the departments of manual training and household arts at Medford, Oregon; W. S. Collins, superintendent. The exhibits were carefully judged and prizes awarded in various classes of work for the grammar grades and high school. The accompanying illustrations show portions of the exhibits, which included the graduating dresses made by the girls of the senior class, pieces of furniture made for the school, etc. The shop work is under the supervision of C. W. Frost, and Misses Mabel E. Mears, Bertha Welch, and Margaret Davidson have charge of the work in household arts.
"Current Items," Manual Training Magazine, October 1912, page 95

Pioneer Rogue River Indian Will Trek to Land of His Birth.

    The Observer is in receipt of the following communication from a well-known Indian from the Grand Ronde Reservation, with the request that it be printed. It will be of interest to many Polk County people:
    "Grand Ronde, Ore., Oct. 9, 1912.
    "Now I will please ask the Polk County Observer, being I am one of the subscribers, to have this piece published, so all my pioneer friends will know. For I am a Rogue River Indian and the only one; only man that is alive of the Rogue River tribes. I was named by Captain Smith, in Rogue River; I was named with his own name at the time of the Rogue River war, and after the war I was brought to the Grand Ronde Reservation. My mother and I sailed from the Rogue River and I am the only child living that was brought on the ship, and that was in 1855. We were brought around to Dayton and through Dayton, and I was carried by my mother in her arms to the reservation.
    "I am one of the directors of Rogue River school house No. 66, Polk County, Oregon. I shall drive through Dallas the 16th of October, 1912; also go to Salem to catch the train, to visit my old country. I shall go to the Table Rock, where all my chiefs had made our treaty; and my trip may reach as far as Jacksonville, and I shall notify all the persons as I go, and as I return I shall make them a speech in some of the largest towns. I shall also visit the Chemawa Indian school as I return, which I have never visited yet. I think all my people and friends will be glad to see me. I hope this will be satisfactory to the Observer. From
"Andrew Smith
    "Grand Ronde. Born in '53."
Polk County Observer, Monmouth, October 15, 1912, page 1

Pear Shipments at Medford.
    Medford, Ore., Oct. 18.--According to figures compiled, 224 cars of pears have been shipped from the valley to date, and with the later varieties it is estimated that the year's shipment will total at least 250 cars. In 1911, 116 cars were shipped.
The Chicago Packer, October 19, 1912, page 20

    Kirby S. Miller, manager of the Rogue River Fruit and Produce Association, died at his home in Medford Sunday, October 13, of acute dilation of the heart. It is thought Mr. Miller's illness was brought on by overwork and mental strain. About three years ago he became associated with the Rogue River Fruit and Produce Association, acting first as secretary, and during the past two years has been manager. He was an earnest worker, a man of very bright mind and a keen observer. He devoted much time to studying the fruit industry from its different points of view. The amount of knowledge acquired by Mr. Miller about the fruit industry in a very short space of time was strong evidence of his ability. He leaves many friends who will sincerely regret his sudden death and who join us in expressing our sympathy to the surviving widow and children.
Better Fruit, November 1912, page 28

    John H. Carkin, Jackson--Born at Bangor, Me. in 1883, of Irish-Puritan stock. Came west with parents in childhood, settling on a farm in the then Territory of Dakota. Worked on a farm summers, attending district school winters. Earned his way through the universities of Minnesota and North Dakota by farming and newspaper work. Studied law in North Dakota Law School. Admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of that state. Came to Jackson County in 1907, locating at Medford. Ranch owner and senior member law firm Carkin & Taylor. Prominent in Commercial Club, Fair Association and other civic organizations.
    Rev. J. K. Howard, Douglas--Is a native Tennesseean, but reared in Texas; a college and seminary man. After completing his education, served as pastor of Presbyterian churches in both Texas and Tennessee. Came to the Pacific Northwest in the spring of 1905 and, after a short residence in Washington, located in Southern Oregon, where he has since resided. Rev. Mr. Howard at the present time is pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Glendale. He is also vice-president of the Glendale State Bank and, with his brothers, is interested in the furniture and hardware business at Medford.
    Clarence L. Reames, Jackson and Douglas--First Democrat to be elected from the Ninth District; native son of Jacksonville, Or., and has resided in Jackson County all his life. For the last 12 years he has practiced law in Jacksonville and Medford; served for seven years as Assistant District Attorney for the First District. Mr. Reames made speeches all over the district, advocating equal suffrage, and was elected by a majority of 1380. Being a former student of the University of Oregon, he may be expected to support that institution loyally during the session. He is an ardent supporter of good roads. Considering the large majority that he received in such a heavy Republican district, he will probably be the choice of the minority in the lower house for Speaker.
"Young Men Will Predominate in Next Oregon House," Sunday Oregonian, Portland, November 24, 1912, page 46

    Solomon Rader, who crossed the plains with an ox team to Jacksonville in 1852, died at the home of his son, M. A. Rader, in this city early Monday at the age of 85 years, 1 month and 23 days. Until recently he made his home at Walla Walla, Wn., coming here to visit his son a month ago.
    Mr. Rader's life history is filled with early-day traditions. He took a part in Indian wars and was actively identified with the troublous times when the great West was being settled and subdued.
    Mr. Rader was born in Rush County, Indiana, Oct. 9, 1827. He crossed the plains in 1850-51, arriving at Jacksonville in 1852. He was in the government service in the Rogue River Indian war of 1853 and the Modoc war of 1856. He returned to his native state in 1859 and made Indiana his home until 1901, when he located at Walla Walla, Wn.
    Mr. Rader came to Medford Nov. 13 to visit his son, M. A. Rader, and other relatives and friends. He was stricken with paralysis Nov. 21 which resulted in his death today.
    He leaves a wife and two sons, M. A. of Medford and C. M. of Walla Walla, besides several brothers and sisters. He was a devout Christian, a member of the Baptist Church. The funeral will be held at Walla Walla. M. A. Rader will leave this evening with the remains.
Medford Mail Tribune, December 2, 1912, page 6

Overland Monthly, December 1912, page xxi

Twelve Months Just Ended Witnessed No Detriment--
Crime Is Slight--Business Good, Future Bright
    Medford in 1912 experienced no extremes of prosperity or stagnation, but the twelve months that ended last night served to clear the atmosphere and give great promise for 1913. Nineteen-twelve was a year in this town that went "the even tenor of its way," ironing out the defects of the "boom" and clearing the way for new development. Providence was kind. There came nothing that left general sorrow or devastation that paralyzed. But through the months there was a steady, even growth.
    Politically, Medford received its share. Her candidates occupy the office of county judge, the most important, with a policy of progressiveness in view, sheriff and prosecutor. Another victory for the forward movement was the decision of the supreme court upholding the contention of the city in the Bear Creek bridge suit.
    Though a quiet year, building operations for 1913 open with great prospects. There is the construction of a new theater by Dr. F. C. Page and building of the Elks Club, now in the formative stage. There is also to be noted the completion of the Nash Livery building and the beginning of construction of a one-story business block on Grape, near Sixth Street. There were also many new homes built throughout the city. The biggest realty deal of the year was the purchase of the Davis tract for $317,700 by the F. P. Minney Realty Company of Oakland.
    The closing months of the year, with the election by, brought out promise of railroad activity, capped on the last day by the application of the F. P. Minney Company for a franchise for an interurban line. Other developments on this line were the option secured by Portland parties on the Barnum road, the incorporation of the Medford-Crescent City line, and the laying of the surveys, and the announced intention of the Hill lines to connect with the Pacific & Eastern. The new year promises to see important action in these branches and the probable construction of a line to the Blue Ledge mine.
    The fruit crops for the year were larger than in 1911, 1000 cars of apples, pears and other fruit and produce being shipped out, putting the balance of trade for once in favor of Medford. The most serious setback to the orchardist was a heavy windstorm in September, an unusual weather condition, that caused much damage by causing apples and pears to fall from the trees. The star of promise for the fruitgrower is the installation of a fruit cannery now under consideration by the Commercial Club and Merchants' Association.
    In public improvements the largest were the completion and operation of the public market, the building of the Bear Creek bridge and the paving and grading of streets in the residence district. This year will also, if all goes well, see the construction started on a new federal building. Two new rural routes were opened during the year, and the parcel post becomes effective today.
    The year also witnessed the opening of the Carnegie Library. The public schools showed a substantial increase over the previous year. A fire auto was added to the fire department.
    There was only one crime of any consequence during the year. That was the brutal murder of George Dedaskalous, a Greek, by Mike Spanos and Frank Seymour, both convicted, and now awaiting the penalty at Salem. There was one suicide and no accident of any consequence. Two high school boys on hunting trips shot themselves and both recovered. The most serious fire was the destruction of the Medford Theater, a landmark, at a  $5000 loss, which brought regret to the amusement-loving people. Howard Bros.' fruit-packing plant was burned twice at an aggregate loss of $10,000. Another crime above the average was the robbing of the post office December 27, with a small loss.
    In a business way, the important [omission] was the change in the ownership of the Medford Hotel, the purchase of the Big Pines Lumber Company by California and Portland lumbermen and the consolidation of the Home Telephone with the Pacific. Another advance was the installation of the Western Union relay station at this point.
    There is no complaint to make for what the past gave, and Medford enters today with rosy hopes for the future, financially, commercially, morally, socially and spiritually, with everybody happy, as prosperous as the next one and ready and anxious to boost as never before.
Medford Sun, January 1, 1913, page 1

Last revised March 2, 2022