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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County News: 1874


    NEW SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION.--The Sacramento Record of Jan. 7 says that prior to the Agassiz Institute being called to order last night, J. H. Stinson, of Jacksonville, Oregon, addressed in quite a lecture the members present upon the subject of a book he proposes to issue on modern science. The work, he said, proposes a rigid system of classification for all natural phenomena. It is applicable to all the natural sciences. It proceeds by inductive methods, which are new, and works complete formula for that purpose. By these it brings out the causes involved in any set of phenomena. The system can be used in the wheat field, in the garden, in the dissecting room, and throughout nature. It is [a] scheme by which results can be calculated in a manner similar to the plan upon which the surveyor acts when after getting his data he proceeds to determine the area of the land. After his explanation, some remarks were made favorable to the project. Rev. Mr. Bonte believed the book would be of value, and hoped the members would aid in its publication, and explained at some length where it would be of use to the world. Dr. Logan said the subject and its treatment were entirely new and worthy of serious consideration and investigation.

Scientific Press,
San Francisco, January 24, 1874, page 58


The Fire at Jacksonville, O.
JACKSONVILLE, April 14th.
    The following is a list of losers by the fire and the amount of losses as far as can now be obtained: Wetterer's saloon, fixtures and personal effects, $2,000; Kreutzer's bakery and stock, $1,500; E. Jacobs' grain, flour, etc., $700; Cohn, clothing and dry goods, $2,000; Drum, groceries, $400; Wm. Boyer, grocer, about $3,000; Schumpf's barber shop and fixtures, $500; A. Fisher & Bro., general merchandise and building, $28,000; Judge & Nunan, saddlers, $2,000; Solomon, general merchandise, $8,000; Langell, buildings and shoemaker's stock, $700; Pape's saloon, fixtures and stock, $500; Coleman buildings, about $1,000; Ben Sachs' notions and variety goods, $500; John Orth, damage to building, $500; Schultz' building, about $2,000; McManus & Owens' building, $1,500; John Bilger, damage to building, $500; David Linn, damage to building, $3,00; C. C. Beekman, damage by removal, $250; P. J. Ryan, building destroyed, $1,000; amounting in all to $59,550. Probably there were other losses not now ascertained, to swell the grand total to between $60,000 and $65,000. Of this there is only known to have been insured; A. Fisher & Bro., $10,000; Judge & Nunan, fully insured, $2,000; L. Solomon, $3,000; Coleman, $5,000; Ben. Sachs, $500, fully insured; John Orth, $500, fully insured; John Bilger, $500, fully insured; making a total insurance of $17,000, and cutting the probable actual loss down to $45,000. The persons arrested on suspicion of incendiarism have been discharged from custody, as nothing could be found against them.
Sacramento Daily Union, April 15, 1874, page 2


DISASTROUS CONFLAGRATION.
    Scarcely has a year elapsed since Jacksonville was visited by a disastrous fire which destroyed several thousand dollars of property and laid waste a large area of buildings, when we are again called to chronicle another which, although not so destructive as the former, is a severe stroke on our town.
    At about half-past three or four o'clock on Tuesday morning, when everybody was soundly slumbering, an alarm of fire was given, and before assistance could be given the frame buildings on the south side of California Street, between Oregon and Third, from the Eldorado Saloon to White & Martin's store, and on the east side of Oregon Street, from Wintjen & Helms' saloon to the corner of Oregon and California, was one sheet of flame and past all hope of safety. The buildings, being old and of pine wood, burned like so much paper, and it was with difficulty that some of the persons asleep escaped in time. The fire rapidly spread to the opposite side of California Street, and in a twinkling the frame buildings between Judge & Nunan's saddlery store and John Bilger's tin and hardware store were being devoured by the fiery element. By this time the town was fairly aroused, and by almost superhuman efforts the fire was prevented from spreading to the sheds back of Bilger's and Sachs Bros.' buildings on the north side of California street, and Wintjen & Helms' and White and Martin's on the south. The fire was thus fortunately kept in these bounds and the business portion of the town saved from entire destruction. Meanwhile the fire had become so hot around the brick buildings of A. Fisher and Judge & Nunan, that despite the best of our citizens they at last succumbed and the combustible material contained therein was entirely
consumed.
    John Orth's large brick was also in imminent danger, and the Times office, contained therein, received a close call. But thanks to a good pump and hose in the butcher shop, the entire building was saved. D. Linn's furniture ware-rooms were also in close quarters, and escaped only by the timely application of blankets and water. The following are the losses sustained by various persons:
    Fisher Bros., general merchandise and building, $28,000; insured for $10,000.
    Judge & Nunan, saddlery, etc., $2,000; fully insured.
    N. Langell, shoe shop, building occupied by Solomon and himself, $700; no insurance.
    Henry Pape, saloon fixtures and stock, $500; no insurance.
    C. Colman, building occupied by Pape, $1,000; insurance, $500.
    Ben. Sachs, damage to stock, $500; fully insured.
    Wm. Boyer, groceries, etc., including money and personal property, about $3,500; no insurance.
    James Drum, groceries, provisions, etc., and building, $400; no insurance.
    Geo. Schumpf, barber shop fixtures, $500; no insurance.
    Jacksonville Social Club, room fixtures, $200; no insurance.
    John Wolters, saloon fixtures, stock etc., $2,000; no insurance.
    Wm. Kreutzer, bakery stock, household and kitchen furniture, $----; no insurance.
    S. Cohn, general merchandise, etc., $2,000, no insurance.
    L. Solomon, general merchandise, $8,000; insured for $3,000.
    E. Jacobs, grain, flour, etc., $700; no insurance.
    John Orth, damage to building, etc., $300; fully insured.
    Veit Schutz, building occupied by Kreutzer, $1,000; no insurance.
    McManus & Owen, buildings occupied by Judge & Nunan, $3,000; insured for $1,500.
    John Bilger, damage to store, $500; fully insured.
    C. C. Beekman, damage to goods by removal, $200; no insurance.
    P. J. Ryan, building occupied by Boyer, $1,500; no insurance.
    The total amount of loss, according to the above, is $58,000; insurance, about $20,000, in the Imperial, Home Mutual, Fireman's Fund, Phoenix and other companies.
    In this connection we may add the loss sustained by White & Martin, Wintjen & Helms, and others, on account of damage to building, removing goods, etc., which, though small, will somewhat swell the aggregate. In some cases the loss given is somewhat exaggerated, but we think that $50,000 will represent the entire loss, not including the insurance.
    Everybody worked with a will when fairly started, and matters could not have turned out better under [the] circumstances. Ladies also worked with a will in carrying water, etc., and lent no inconsiderable aid. Nor can we go farther without noticing the aid and comfort rendered the tired men by ladies liberally supplied with hot coffee, already sweetened and prepared.
    The origin of the fire is not precisely known, and reports in regard thereto are conflicting. Some say that the fire first broke out in the rooms of the Social Club, while others aver it started in the Eldorado Saloon. Others, however, believe it to have been set on fire, and John Lennox, white, and Albert Johnson, mulatto, both notorious characters, were arrested on suspicion. The evidence against them not being sufficient, however, they were discharged.
    While this is a severe loss on everyone concerned, still we are happy to say that a majority signify their intention of starting again.
    A. Fisher will commence rebuilding shortly, though this is the second time he has been burned out in the same place.
    Judge & Nunan, who some time ago purchased part of the ground formerly occupied by the U.S. Hotel, have commenced operations already. They saved quite a lot of their stock, which may be found at the Union Livery Stable.
    Langell and Colman, who own the land between Bilger's and Judge & Nunan's former quarters, contemplate erecting a fine brick thereon.
    D. Linn will doubtless repair his building.
    Win. Kreutzer has already commenced removing his house from Jackson Creek and erecting a temporary bakery on his old ground.
    Boyer & Son will resume as soon as possible.
    Geo. Schumpf, barber, may be found in an apartment of Caton's shoe shop, where he is ready to accommodate his customers. He will rebuild shortly.
    Others also intend starting again, as rapidly as they can secure quarters.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, April 18, 1874, page 3


    BRIDGE CASE.--The case of David Sexton for obstructing the Rock Point bridge was brought before Justice Turner this week. Mr. Sexton was found guilty of the charges preferred against him and fined $25 and costs, which he paid.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 16, 1874, page 3


Wm. M. Hand.
    WM. M. HAND, candidate for State Printer on the Independent ticket, has the necessary qualifications to fit him for the office, and will do the state work honestly and well, if elected to the position. He will get a handsome vote in Southern Oregon, where he was engaged in publishing a newspaper, and Eastern Oregon, his present residence, will go for him almost en masse. Mr. Hand was a volunteer in the Rogue River Indian war in 1855, and at the battle of Hungry Hill was severely wounded--so severely that it was thought he could not survive. But he survived his wounds, and did good service as lieutenant in one of the companies of Oregon Volunteers, on the frontier for three years. William's chances for election are first rate.
Albany Register, Albany, Oregon, May 30, 1874, page 3



    Last Saturday night week, the denizens of Kanaka Flat, a suburb of Jacksonville, had a lively row, which resulted in the shooting of the negro wood chopper, Jackson, and his subsequent death. The coroner's inquest showed that the deceased, Jackson, came to his death on Kanaka Flat, Jackson County, on Sept. 12th, by means of a rifle ball supposed to have been fired by Geo. Ephraim. The last seen of Eph. he was taking a beeline for California at double-quick time.
"Pacific Coasters," Albany Democrat, Albany, Oregon, September 25, 1874, page 2


    The quartz mill, that has been so long expected from Colorado by Brooks & Co., of Jackson County, has arrived, and is ready to start in operation next week. They are well pleased with the machine, and think it far ahead of anything of the kind in the country.
    The Times says: The finances of Jackson County are in a fair way of being in a healthy condition again. We learn that the bondsmen in the Jos. Wells case are making preparations for a settlement with the county, and this amount, in connection with that due from the Oregon Central Military Road Company, which there is every prospect will be shortly liquidated, will place Jackson County almost if not quite out of debt.
    Last Saturday night week, the denizens of Kanaka Flat, a suburb of Jacksonville, had a lively row which resulted in the shooting of the negro wood chopper, Jackson, and his subsequent death. The coroner's inquest showed that the deceased, Jackson, came to his death on Kanaka Flat, Jackson County, on September 12th, by means of a rifle ball supposed to have been fired by Geo. Ephraim. The last seen of Eph. he was taking a beeline for California at double-quick time.
"State and Territorial," Willamette Farmer, October 2, 1874, page 9



    The county court of Jackson County let the contract for building the new jail to Smith & Hall at $3,875.
"News Items," New Northwest, Portland, October 23, 1874, page 5


   The following from the Oregon Sentinel published in Jacksonville. of the issue of October 24, 1874, may be of interest to the younger generation: "During the week, quite a band of Indians, accompanied by a pack train of 30 or 40 animals, have been in town from Fort Klamath, laying in their winter's supply of grub, clothing and other 'ictas.' They are quite shrewd at a bargain, peaceable, and present all evidence of a rapidly growing civilization."
"Jacksonville," Medford Mail, February 14, 1927, page 5


LETTER FROM ASHLAND.
To the Editor of the New Northwest:
    I am yet strong in the faith--my principles do not wane, but as each new development of the fundamental truths, which constitute the broad basis of universal equality is brought to light by the progress of events, I see the necessity of the friends of Human Rights rallying around the lodestone of liberty--Woman Suffrage. Milk-and-water neophytes are not wanted. We want those who are strong in the faith, who will remain with us in the hour of peril, and fight the common enemy of civilization--the anti-Suffragists. Their German silver promises and galvanized threats will never aid in the dissemination of the doctrines proclaimed by a Jefferson, and since advocated by the first thinkers of the nation. The advocates of Human Rights have sounded the fog-whistle in the political night, and the lighthouse of Woman Suffrage throws the light of freedom over the sea of politics. Day is breaking. Yours,
JOHN A. WOMACK.
Ashland, Dec. 10, 1874.
The New Northwest, Portland, December 25, 1874, page 1


    NEW OREGON MINES.--Advices from Rock Point, Oregon, dated Dec. 15 state: J. L. Colvig and James Birdseye have just arrived from the new quartz mines, some fifty miles below this place. They say the road is lined with men and pack trains going to the land of gold and silver. The great Mammoth ledge is about 180 feet in width at the point where Rogue River has worn its way through to the depth of 500 feet About 200 claims are now taken up. It has been traced for about 20 miles through a very rough country. Guides get from $10 to $20 per day to trace the lead.
Scientific Press, San Francisco, December 26, 1874, page 402




Last revised April 29, 2021