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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County News: 1868


    AN OLD MAIL SACK FOUND.--A few days ago as a party of workmen were engaged in surveying a route for a telegraph wire, across an old trail, near Callahan's they found a sack of mail. The letters were in a tolerable state of preservation. From postmarks on the letters it appears to have been lost in 1865--at which time, for several weeks, the stages were unable to cross the river at Callahan's and the mails were packed around the trail. The bag had the appearance of having been cut open, yet as many of the packages were tied up it is not probable that the letters were tampered with. The bag was delivered to the postmaster at Callahan's and the letters forwarded to their places of destination.--Yreka Union.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 4, 1868, page 4


    PITIABLE FAMILY.--On Thursday night, the coldest of the winter, a family, consisting of a man and woman and three little children, the oldest not more than seven or eight years of age, camped out in the snow just below Willow Springs. They were traveling with an ox team, the poor worn-out woman trudging behind in the snow, and the little half-frozen children huddled up in the bottom of the old shaky wagon to keep from perishing. The conduct of a man who will drag a helpless family over the country at this inclement season must be owing either to extreme destitution or to foolish hardihood.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 11, 1868, page 2


    WINTER IN CALIFORNIA.--Sleighs are now running from Shasta to Yreka. John Andrews started from the latter place yesterday with a sleigh for Jacksonville.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 11, 1868, page 2


    BEAVER.--We learn from Mr. P. B. Coffin that beaver are very numerous this winter in the sloughs on Rogue River. They have been busily engaged in damming; and every time their work has been destroyed by high water, have renewed their efforts with redoubled vigor.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 11, 1868, page 3


    IN TOWN.--E. Corbett, the superintendent of the Ogn. & Cal. Stage Co., passed through town during the week. He informs us that the company were obliged to build skiffs with which to cross several of the streams in California during the high water. The company deserve credit for their energy under such difficulties as they have experienced this winter, even if the mails are a little irregular.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 18, 1868, page 3


    ARBITRATION.--We saw rather a novel way of settling differences in accounts one day this week. It seems that two of our citizens had difficulty in a settlement and agreed to leave the matter to three disinterested persons. Witnesses were called and examined, and proceeding went on very much as in a court of law, save that witnesses were not bound down by the strict rules of evidence.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 18, 1868, page 3


    COASTING.--The past week has been a gala one for "Young America" in Jacksonville. On the hill back of Mrs. McCully's the coasting has been glorious, and many of our full-grown and bearded boys could not refrain from treating themselves to a slide. Go it, boys! It strengthens the muscles and don't hurt the lungs a bit.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 18, 1868, page 3


    OUR "DEVIL," in a rage, set up two lines to fill this page.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 18, 1868, page 4


    The Oregon Sentinel (Jacksonville) of January 11th has the following: This week we had occasion to take a trip up Jackson Creek, where we found everybody snowed in. At the Occidental quartz mill the snow was about one foot deep, and up the creek about a half mile further, the snow is said to be two feet deep. Colonel Drew has got the Occidental quartz mill about ready for running again. He has put about $1,200 worth of improvements on the mill. Some entirely new pieces of machinery have been added, and it is the belief of the owners of the mill that they can save all the gold. A contract for crushing a hundred tons of quartz has been closed, and the mill will proceed to work as soon as the quartz is delivered.
"Oregon," Daily Alta California, San Francisco, January 23, 1868, page 2


    George Burnham, a stage driver between Jacksonville and Canyonville, Oregon, has been arrested for robbing the mail.
"Interior Items," Daily Alta California, San Francisco, January 23, 1868, page 1


    HOUSE MOVED.--R. S. Dunlap has moved the old district school house from its old site into his lot. Sargent says when he gets it finished he will invite his friends to bachelor's party.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 25, 1868, page 3


    HORSE SHOES.--Mr. D. C. Miller has forged out about one thousand shoe-shapes, and has his shop lined with them. He intends making about 500 more before spring opens.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, February 8, 1868, page 2


    STILL SEIZED.--On Monday last the still of Claiborne Neil, located above Ashland, was seized by Deputy Collector Sutton. The seizure was for alleged violation and neglect of the U.S. revenue laws. Considerable liquor was taken also, and the whole will probably be confiscated to the government. We hope no distiller will complain of want of vigilance on the part of the Deputy Collector.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, February 8, 1868, page 3



    A Jacksonville paper says that on Saturday night last, Wm. Burchdorff, better known as "Dirty Bill," shot James Spears at Logtown, in Jackson County. The weapon used was a Henry rifle. The ball entered under the right shoulder blade and came out at the right side of his breast, breaking a rib and wounding his lungs. The wounded man is in a dangerous condition and not expected to live. The cause of the shooting is a mystery. Spears says he was on his horse leaving Bill's grocery, while Bill says he and another man were trying to sneak into his house. Bill's clothes are cut with a knife, but whether by himself or by other parties is hard to determine. Whiskey is probably the foundation of the difficulty. The accused is in jail awaiting the action of the grand jury, now in session.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 21, 1868, page 2


    MURDEROUS ASSAULT IN AN OREGON JAIL.--A dispatch dated Jacksonville, February 17th, has the following: Yesterday afternoon a Chinaman confined in the jail of this county made a desperate assault on a fellow prisoner named Burchdorff, with a billet of wood, and beat his head in a shocking manner. The cries of Burchdorff for help disturbed the services of a neighboring congregation, and but for their timely aid he undoubtedly would have been killed. The Chinaman is under sentence to the Penitentiary for six years for burglary. It was evidently his intention to murder Burchdorff and effect his escape.
Weekly Colusa Sun, February 22, 1868, page 2



    GOOD ROADS AND MUD WAGONS.--As we predicted a week or two ago, the continuation of good weather has made the roads in this county almost as good as they usually are in summer, and yet the Oregon & California Stage Co. have not seen fit to haul off their mud wagons and run thoroughbraces, as is the case down in California. Traveling at this season of the year is not particularly comfortable, and it would seem to be to the interest of the company to pay some attention to the comfort of their patrons.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 22, 1868, page 3


    IS IT A VOLCANO.--Mr. A. French informs us that there is a place on Chrisman flat near the low butte across Bear Creek, sometimes called Skinner's Butte, where the ground bears evident traces of a convulsion. For about four hundred yards the ground is either cracked open or upheaved. From the way the dirt is thrown, Mr. F. conjectures that the throe extended from southeast to northwest. The beginning of this disturbance is in a small basin, in the winter filled with water, but dry in the summer. This pond is now dry. The crevice is now about seven inches broad, but when noticed last fall it was a foot wide. In one place a boulder weighing three tons has been moved from its bed and in places where the course of the disturbance was under trees, the roots have been laid bare. Messrs. Ober and Skeeters last August noticed a smoke rising from this place, which enveloped the hill; a report as of an explosion was heard at the same time. This fissure is not in ground that would be likely to slide, as the land is comparatively level. This is a singular freak of nature and our only wonder is that we have not heard of it before. We have talked with Mr. Bedford-Haly, who lives in the neighborhood of the disturbance, and he corroborates the statement of Mr. French.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 22, 1868, page 3


    During the late cold snap, the mercury fell as far as 4° below zero at Jacksonville, in the south part of the state. At Yreka, it ranged at 11° below; at Shasta 18°, at Salem, on January 8th at 8° below. Here it was observed to stand 2° above. Taken all together it has probably been the severest winter ever known on the coast.
"Oregon," Oregon City Enterprise, February 22, 1868, page 2


    ANOTHER MAN SHOT.--A difficulty occurred at Logtown, last Saturday, about the sale of a cabin. "Dirty" Bill--alias Wm. Burchdorf--considered himself the aggrieved party, procured a Henry rifle and fired at the nearest man of the party, but missed him, struck Mr. James Spear--who was riding off--in the back, the ball coming out above the left breast. Mr. Spear is in a critical condition. Mr. Burchdorf came to Jacksonville the same night, surrendered himself to the Sheriff, and is in jail awaiting trial.--[Reveille.
Lafayette Courier, February 25, 1868, page 3


    S.O.M. ROAD.--J. C. Tolman, R. B. Hargadine, J. P. Walker, Jas. T. Glenn, J. M. McCall, Jacob Thompson, W. F. Songer, Wm. M. Turner, E. K. Anderson, Jacob Wagner, M. Hanley and B. F. Myer have associated themselves together in a corporate body, under the name of the Southern Oregon Military Road Company, having for their object the constructing and opening a road suitable for wagons, and other wheeled conveyances, horsemen, etc., to pass over said road; to commence at or near Ashland, in Jackson County, and run in an easterly direction, crossing Link River in said county and thence intersecting the Oregon Central Military Wagon Road, at a point on the east side of Goose Lake Valley. Capital stock $25,000, divided into two hundred and fifty shares at one hundred dollars each. A petition signed by influential citizens of both political parties has been forwarded to Congress, praying for a grant of land to aid in the construction of the road.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 7, 1868, page 3


    IN THE MUD.--The California stage got mired down in the soft ground about four miles out of town on Wednesday night last and the driver was unable to pull out until after daylight.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 14, 1868, page 3


    IMPROVEMENTS.--We perceive that the sidewalks in front of the residences on the east end of California Street are being graveled by the property owners. This portion of the town was not included in the ordinance, and we see no reason why the trustees should not compel the graveling of the walks in front of the Clugage property in that part of the town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 21, 1868, page 2


    IN RUINS.--The old building standing on the corner of Oregon and Main streets, known as the Maury & Davis brick, is falling down. The bricks on the northwest corner have all become loose, and many of them have fallen.

Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, March 21, 1868, page 3


    SISKIYOU COUNTY.--The following items are from the Yreka Journal of March 12th:
    We learn from Robert Whittle that several parties from Southern Oregon and near the boundary line are constantly going to the Klamath Lake country, taking plows and farming implements, with the intention of settling there. The Oregonians, in order to reach Link River in winter, are obliged to come down to Cottonwood in California, and then go north via Killebrew's to the old emigrant road. There are several thousand pounds of freight, to this place, to start soon for the Link River section, and the trade is likely to increase extensively. There is over $100,000 expended yearly by this section for goods, principally at Jacksonville, which can be secured to help this section if the effort is made to join the road up Bogus with the old emigrant or Applegate road, which can be effected by making less than eight miles of new road on the other side of the Klamath.
Sacramento Daily Union, March 24, 1868, page 2


    CATS.--Jacksonville is so stocked with the common house cat that they have become a serious nuisance. They caterwaul, fight and steal through the night, and kill young chickens, and commit all sorts of depredations by day. It is becoming a serious question as to what disposition is to be made of them. Dogs, traps, and poison seem to be alike ineffectual, and firearms are impracticable.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, March 28, 1868, page 3


    NEW PRECINCTS.--The County Commissioners have created three new precincts: Flounce Rock, Foots Creek, and Grave Creek precincts. The polling place is to be moved from the Dardanelles to Rock Point, and from Fort Klamath to Link River, where there is said to be about twenty-five voters.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 11, 1868, page 3


    GOOD JOB OF PLASTERING.--We have seen a job of plastering in Mr. Alex. Martin's house, executed by Mr. George Hibbard, which is as good and beautiful piece of work as we have seen in the county, and perhaps there is no better job in the state. The surface of the plastering is of a dazzling whiteness. The lime used is from Mr. Peacock's lime kiln on Jackson Creek, and is pronounced as good as any lime in California or the Eastern States. Those desiring good work performed can get no better workman than Mr. Hibbard.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 11, 1868, page 3


    IN ANOTHER LIGHT.--The Jacksonville Oregon Sentinel is responsible for the following:
    Last week a Conservative Democrat was standing in front of the Express office looking very sad, when a friend of the "lost cause" stripe approached him. "Hello, old boy! what's up?" says the Confederate. "Boo-hoo, boo-hoo," whimpered Conservative, wiping his weak-looking eyes with his dirty coat sleeve, "Didn't you hear that 'Andy' was impeached?" "Why, what's nothing," says Confed.; "Brick Pomeroy is all right, and you know 'Andy' hung the widow Surratt--the drunken old bloat! Let's take a drink." The afflicted Conservative saw the matter in another light; he gave a convulsive snuffle or two, blew his nose, wiped his eyes again, and the parties adjourned to the El Dorado and swung round the circle."
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, April 11, 1868, page 3


    IMPROVEMENT.--Messrs. Linn & Hall are tearing down the old building on the corner of Cal. & Oregon St., and intend to build a more imposing structure.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, May 2, 1868, page 2


    FIRST TRAIN.--A train of thirty mules arrived in town on Monday from Red Bluff, having been about eighteen days on the road.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 2, 1868, page 2


    BEAUTIFUL MARBLE.--There stands in the marble yard at Ashland a shaft of Southern Oregon marble, quarried from a vein at Williamsburg, that surpasses in beauty and finish anything we have seen on the coast. The grain of the block is very fine, streaked with veins of black and dark gray, and its polish is exquisite. The column is intended to mark the last resting place of an honored citizen--JOHN S. LOVE--who has gone before us to the unknown shore; and it is none too good for him, beautiful as it is.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 2, 1868, page 3


    CHANGE OF FIRM.--W. H. S. Hyde has sold his interest in the City Drug Store to Mr. Oscar Stearns. The new firm will be Sutton and Stearns. They will continue to keep books, stationery, toilet articles, and everything usually found in a first-class drug store. Call and see the new partner.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, May 2, 1868, page 3


Oregon Politics.
(From the Jacksonville Sentinel, May 2nd.)
    The excitement that has raged here some time has subsided somewhat. The Democracy have held their convention and put a ticket in the field, which will not, by any means, command the full vote of that party. Prominent Democrats are not only murmuring, but openly express their contempt and hostility to it, and declare that they cannot support it. Our German citizens, who act with the Democratic Party, consider themselves sold out; they say they were used in the convention as tools to defeat German citizens, whose good standing in the community, and in the Democratic Party, should have ensured them a place on the ticket; and they very naturally have come to the conclusion that Jackson County Democracy only wants to use them as voters, but does not intend that any German shall hold an office.
    The Germans themselves who were in the convention best know how the ticket was made up, without any German citizen on it; and they are not slow to avow their dissatisfaction. Many members of the party say that fraud has been practiced in the precinct meetings, and that the ticket is not acceptable to the mass of the Democracy. The rank and file have had it made plain that the howl about "time-honored principles" and friendship for the poor man, is all gammon; and that none but the wire-workers can hold an office as long as the people will stand it. The probability is that the people in this county are sick and tired of political trickery, and will take the privilege of voting for men that they like--once in their lives.
    The following is the Democratic ticket for the Legislature: W. J. Plymale, Thomas Smith and J. L. Loudon; Sheriff, T. G. Reames; Clerk, W. H. S. Hyde; Treasurer, D. Linn; Assessor, J. Hanna; School Supt., T. H. B. Shipley; Coroner, E. H. Greenman; County Commissioners--Childers and F. Heber.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 5, 1868, page 1


OREGON.
    The Jacksonville Sentinel of May 2nd has the following Items:
    John Carter, a Swede, was killed by the accidental discharge of his rifle.
    Mary Russell, a girl, had her leg broken while playing in a marble yard.
    The Occidental mill is crushing good rock.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, May 9, 1868, page 1


    "CHEAP JOHN" CONTRACTORS.--The great O. and C. Stage Co. seems to have dwindled down into a very small concern. Either the P.O. Department pays them too much for the mail service from Lincoln to Portland, or it pays them too little. In their anxiety to secure a contract, they have overreached themselves, or they are making money so fast that their avarice has become morbid, and they "want it all." So long, however, as they carry the mails with regularity and accommodate the travel with their two-horse wagons, neither the public nor we have any right to grumble; but if we ever hear of a single sack of mail being left behind, we will make it our business to make a note of it. The gorgeous-looking vehicle that has been put on between here and Yreka is beginning to shake to pieces; having been constructed in a damp climate, the scorching sun in this region is rapidly drying it up. To us it seems that the company have put their foot in it; and that when the contract is again let, the Department will be unwilling to pay for four-horse service when it can be performed with two. Nobody cares how soon the "Cheap John" clatter traps that are being put on fall to pieces; and God speed the day when the railroad will drive them out of the state.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, May 16, 1868, page 2


    LARGE WAGON TRAIN.--During the past week, 37 freight teams have started to Crescent City, for new goods. Mr. John Bilger (stoves and tinware) sends 6; I. Caro (tobacco &c.) 2; Fisher Bros (dry goods) 4; Glenn, Drum & Co. (general merchandise) 7; Muller & Brentano (general merchandise) 9; Sachs Bros. (general merchandise) 4; and J. B. White (general merchandise) 7. These teams will bring an average 1½ tons freight each, amounting in the aggregate to 55 tons, at a cost for the wagon freight, alone, of $4,400.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, May 16, 1868, page 3


Facts for the People.
    A speaker at the "bread-and-butter" meeting in Jacksonville on Saturday last made a statement that we cannot allow to pass unnoticed. He declared that when the Republican Party in this county went out of power the county was deeply in debt, and county warrants worth only thirty-five cents on the dollar. The reverse is exactly the case, and we dare any man to disprove it. When the Republican Party of Jackson County came into power in 1862 the county was sixteen thousand dollars in debt, and its warrants selling as low as thirty cents. In 1866, when the "bread-and-butter" Democracy assumed the control of the county, not a single dollar was owing; there was money in the treasury, and scrip was payable on presentation. These are actual facts, well known by every citizen who has been a resident of this county since 1862. They are proved by the official exhibits of the county, and any person who can stand before the people and make such a false statement as was made on the occasion referred to must either be very ignorant, very unscrupulous, or have a wonderful degree of effrontery.
    Now we ask: What have the "bread-and-butter" administrations done for the county? How have they lightened the burdens of the people? Let us see. From the organization of the county in 1852, to the present time, nearly four hundred thousand dollars have been taken from the pockets of the people in the form of taxes. Where has this immense sum gone? How has it been applied? Look at our county buildings. A court house scarcely fit for a barn, a jail somewhat like a "spring house" on a first-class Pennsylvania farm, and a dingy and dilapidated building in which are the Clerk and Sheriff's offices, comprise them. Look round at our roads and bridges. Start out to California, and it is over a toll road. Travel northward, and you pay toll at the crossing of Rogue River. Go east, and a ferry on the same stream compels you to put your hand in your pocket again. Westward, you are stopped by Applegate, which at times is impassable for want of a bridge. How many head of stock have been stolen since the organization of the county without the thieves being punished? Facts are stubborn things, and if the people of this county will look around and ask themselves how the taxes have been applied, they will fail to find any answer. The people of this county pay a heavy sum annually for hospital purposes. How are the sick poor provided for? In nearly every instance by charitable contributions. It is not a month since a collection was taken up to aid a sick miner and enable him to go to San Francisco for medical assistance. It is notorious that the county hospital has been so badly conducted that it is the dread of our sick poor, and a disgrace to a civilized community; and if people pay a tax for its support, they have a right to demand that it be expended to some purpose. Be it understood that we do not charge fraud on any person, but say that a thorough and searching reform is needed in the administration of our county affairs; and we presume the people care more for light taxes and security for life and property than they do for the success of political wire-pullers.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 23, 1868, page 2


    STABBED.--Last Monday two squaws were going up Jackson Creek, laughing and talking together, when one turned to the other and fiercely told her that she owed her an old grudge of a year's standing, and immediately struck a knife into her right shoulder. The wound inflicted was about two inches deep and penetrated the lung. The wound was dressed by Dr. Grube, and the patient at last accounts was recovering.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 23, 1868, page 3


    CHANGE OF BASE.--Mr. M. Mensor has purchased the old Maury & Davis brick on the corner of Oregon and Main streets, and is going to build a new front and repair it for a store. That corner formerly was the business center but of late years it has not been so popular. It now promises to become, as of old, a lively business place.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 23, 1868, page 3


    The Jacksonville Sentinel says: As an inducement to locate the woolen factory at Ashland, the people of that place offered to put the water from Ashland Creek onto the wheel whenever the company desired. They are now keeping their word, and with commendable spirit they are engaged in digging the race and building a substantial flume for that purpose. The flume will be about two hundred and forty feet in length, and the whole work will be worth over eight hundred dollars to the company.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, May 23, 1868, page 2



    WORK COMMENCED.--Mr. Mensor has commenced work on the old Maury and Davis brick.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 30, 1868, page 3


    A GENTLE HINT.--Many of the people of this place have not been accustomed to "theater going." They make a great mistake in thinking that they will get the most value for their money by crowding to the footlights. Distance lends enchantment; and if an audience were permitted to crowd on the stage and penetrate the "green room," the drama would lose its charm. It is neither genteel nor proper nor advisable to jam and hustle and press to the very edge of the stage; it embarrasses the actors, and those who occupy back seats can see the play to more advantage than if they were on the stage. We hope this hint will be taken.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 13, 1868, page 2


    BELL ARRIVED.--The fine bell for the public school of Jacksonville district, procured mainly by the energy of Director Beekman, has arrived. It is from the foundry of W. T. Garratt, San Francisco, weighs 450 pounds and when hung will doubtless be heard at a distance of three or four miles. There is still due on it about $150, which has been liberally advanced by Mr. Beekman, and which should be promptly made up by subscription. It is unfair that one citizen should be overtaxed to benefit all and we hope this community will come forward and contribute the necessary sum at once.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 13, 1868, page 3


    SODA WATER.--Messrs. Sutton & Stearns, at the City Drug Store, have refitted their soda fountain, and can now furnish the most delicious drink to be had in town. Don't take our word for it--try it.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 20, 1868, page 3


    TEAMING.--The town has been filled with teams, arriving and departing during the present week, and strangers say that Jacksonville is the busiest town between Sacramento and Portland.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 20, 1868, page 3


    THE OREGON STAGE LINE.--The Yreka Journal says:
    W. L. Smith, who has been employed several years by the Oregon Stage Company in Trinity Valley, has been promoted to the position of road superintendent, to take the place of John Andrews, it being for that portion of the line between Shasta and Jacksonville. We also learn that on and after the 1st of July the Oregon stage will leave immediately on the arrival of the Shasta stage, and that the running time between Sacramento and Portland will be five days. The two-horse emigrant wagons between Yreka and Jacksonville are to be replaced by four-horse stages, and it seems to be conceded by the company that cheap arrangements are the most expensive in the long run, on account of breakages and a disinclination to travel often in such rickety vehicles.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, June 24, 1868, page 2


    A firm in Jacksonville lately sent thirty thousand pounds of wool, by wagons, to Oregon City for shipment to San Francisco. Southern Oregon will soon be prepared to work up its own wool.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 26, 1868, page 2


    BAD BOYS.--There is a company of about a dozen boys in this town that always make it a point to attend all public gatherings except church, where they lose no opportunity of making a noise and a disturbance. They use the lowest obscenity and most disgusting profanity, and that, too, in the presence of ladies; nor can anybody rebuke them without being insulted. We have been requested to name these young fellows--a thing that will be done if we ever have to recur to this subject again, for forbearance has ceased to be a virtue.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 27, 1868, page 2


    DEFACING PUBLIC PROPERTY AND FURNITURE.--If one desires to have a subject on which to vent his anger, it is only necessary to go into the court house and see the seats and furniture. The seats have suffered to a degree that is astonishing. They are not only defaced with pocket knives, but with pencils. The most obscene and vulgar carving and pencilings have been placed on the furniture until the room is not fit for a public meeting. A law should be passed in this state making it an indictable offense to whittle or mark on any public building or the furniture therein. The attention of our representatives is called to this subject.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 4, 1868, page 2


    The Jacksonville Sentinel says: We learn from Superintendent Corbett, who passed through on Monday, that the schedule time of the California stages is to be reduced from five and a half days between Portland and Sacramento. The time from here to San Francisco will be only three days. The new arrangement will probably go into effect tomorrow--the California stage leaving immediately on the arrival of that from Portland.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 8, 1868, page 2


    COMPLIMENTARY.--At the dedication ball at Ashland on the evening of the third, two ladies of mature age were observed "measuring" a little knot of Jacksonville people, who were resting after their violent efforts to make themselves agreeable. "Well," said one of them, who appeared to be in the vinegar business, "them town folks ain't so wild after all; I don't see but what they can behave most as well as country folks when they try." We smiled slightly, and came to the conclusion that the speaker was about the sweetest old maid we ever saw.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 11, 1868, page 2


County Hospital.
    There has been heretofore a considerable loose talk about the manner in which this institution has been conducted. The last grand jury of this county examined into these rumors and completely exonerated Dr. Davis from any negligence, want of care or want of suitable appliances to properly take care of the indigent sick of the county. We have lately examined the institution ourselves and concur in the judgment of the grand jury. We do not now, nor ever have we, gone a continental on Dr. Davis' political notions, but we must say that no man has ever suitably provided for the afflicted poor of this county as cheaply for the taxpayer as Dr. Davis. The prices before Dr. Davis took the contract ranged from one thousand five hundred to near four thousand dollars per year. Dr. Davis first obtained the contract for a little less than nine hundred per year. The last contract was awarded to him on a bid of, we believe, seven hundred dollars per year. This is low enough--light enough--cheaper by far than the same kind of labor is done for in any other county in this state.
    We hear it whispered about the streets that our honorable Board of County Commissioners think of buying a farm and erecting a suitable building thereon for the accommodation of the afflicted. We advise them to ponder over this well before they make the investment. We fear it will create a leak in the county treasury which will engulf thousands before the end will be reached. Then, after it is reached, it will cost at least three times as much to run the machine as it now takes to provide for the intelligent sick, to say nothing of the interest on the money invested in it.
    They have nearly such a county institution in Siskiyou County, and it costs the nice little sum of $3,600 per year to run it. Then, the idea of buying a farm for sick persons to labor upon is a little paradoxical. But we don't suppose our county fathers thought of buying a very large farm. Let us offer you a little friendly advice: Never buy a farm, or lot, or block, or own a building for hospital purpose as long as you can get the indigent sick of this county taken care of for the price you now pay. The people appreciate your economy if the doctors don't.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 11, 1868, page 2


    BRASS BAND ORGANIZED.--Several of the citizens of this town met this week and organized a brass band. We give a list with the instruments played by each: Jas. Lance, leader, and B flat horn; Adam Smith, E flat horn; Fred. Luy, B flat cornet; Geo. P. Funck, B flat alto; John Simbuski [Cimborsky/Cimbrosky], E flat alto; John Dick, E flat tuba; Geo. Brown, bass drum; Jas. Dick, tenor drum. Each of the above named gentlemen are experienced musicians, and only need practice playing together before they will be able to execute fine music.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 11, 1868, page 3


    EFFORTS TO KEEP COOL.--It is remarkable to what measures one resorts during such warm weather as we have experienced this week that a pleasant temperature and temper may be obtained. Some resort to Sutton & Stearns' soda fountain, some to sherry cobblers at Pape's, others try lager at Veit Schutz', while we heard one of our friends declare his intention to go to Hoffman & Klippel's and get a pair of candle molds to try and save a part of the wreck.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 11, 1868, page 3


    A SERIOUS SHOOTING AFFAIR.--The Dalles Mountaineer of July 10 says:
    On Tuesday afternoon a shooting affair came off in the Umatilla Saloon in this city which resulted in serious, if not mortally, wounding of A. C. Gilmore by Johnny Miller, formerly of Jacksonville. The particulars, as elicited at the examination before Justice Callaway on Wednesday, were as follows: Gilmore and Miller had been playing cards all the afternoon together when they got into a quarrel over a dollar, each one claiming it. Gilmore used some abusive language towards Miller when Miller drew his six-shooter and commenced firing, the first shot striking Gilmore in the right cheek, cutting off his tongue and tearing out his teeth and gums on both sides of his mouth, and passing out the left cheek in two pieces, making a terrible wound. Gilmore broke and ran out the rear door, Miller firing two more shots at him but without effect. Miller was arrested and lodged in jail in default of $2,000 bail. We are informed that Gilmore is in very critical condition, and unless the weather remains cool the chances of his recovery are doubtful. Gilmore is an old citizen of the Dalles and was lately in the employ of the O.S.N. Co. He has the reputation of being a sober and industrious man. Miller was lately toll-gate keeper on the Canyon city road and had just come to town a day or two before.
Salem Daily Record, July 14, 1868, page 1



    WHEAT CUTTING.--We were this week in the field where Messrs. Crane & Tenbrook were working with their new reaper, and the way they lay grain on the ground is heating to the binders. The machine was built at Dayton, Yamhill County, and is run by four horses hitched behind the machine. The sickle is 9½ feet long. Messrs. C. & T. are cutting from 25 to 30 acres per day.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 18, 1868, page 3


    THIRD STREET.--During the latter part of last winter a petition, asking the Board of Trustees to open Third Street, was circulated and received, as we are informed, the signatures of about 90 persons. This petition, of course, signed as it is by so many, will be entitled to respect, and the town will have to grant the prayer thereof. A bridge will have to be built across Rich Gulch somewhere this summer, and we suggest the Board of Trustees make provision that all the work done in that part of town be put on Third Street.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 18, 1868, page 3


    STRING GAME.--Five or six boys who range along California Street, as far down as "5th," have hit upon a new method of annoying the public. They tie cords across the sidewalk, a distance from the ground, so that one's face catches the whole force of the plot. One evening this week we found no less than three of these cords stretched across the sidewalk. A few evenings since a lady and gentleman found one across the way and were severely hurt thereby.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 18, 1868, page 3


    REMOVING THE DEAD.--There are nearly 500 Chinamen in this county, says the Jackson County (Oregon) Reveille, 25th inst., a majority of whom will probably be in Jacksonville next Monday, to assist in the important ceremony of feeding their dead, who will on that day be removed from the old burying ground to the new cemetery on the hill. They have raised, by subscription, over $600 for defraying expenses of feeding and removal.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, July 29, 1868, page 2


    CHINESE CELEBRATION.--On Tuesday last the whole China population of the county congregated in Jacksonville, to the number, we should judge, of about 400. The occasion of their meeting was to pay honors or perform some religious ceremony over the graves of their dead. About 10½ o'clock a.m., they formed in a procession led by two wagons drawing their music, and a third containing their "offerings." Their music was that performed on horns, drums, gongs and cymbals making a harsh and discordant noise, having as its chief merit the greatest volume of sound possible to be obtained. After arriving at the grave amid the blowing of horns and beating of gongs and drums, the offerings were unloaded and placed in front of the graves. These were first, two roasted hogs, that would weigh about a hundred pounds apiece, placed on large wooden platters, and set so the head was nearest the grave, and also toward the sun. Whether this was design or accident we cannot now determine. Around the hogs, but on the platters, were placed numbers of chickens, plates of rice, eggs &c. Behind the hogs, about 3 feet distant, was spread mats, upon which the priest officiated, and after him the whole Chinese congregation. The ceremony was entirely pantomime, there being no words spoken. The priest fell down upon his knees and bowed on the ground three times, then taking small cups, which were filled with brandy by attendants from small teapots that would hold about a half pint, he would raise them up a few times and motion toward the hogs, then strew the contents on the ground. He would then bow again, then stand on his feet and bow. After the chief man had concluded his ceremonies he gave way to others who came in pairs and trios until all had bowed before the hogs. The women were the last to pay their respects to the departed. While these bowing ceremonies were going on, a bonfire was kindled in the rear out of bales of China paper of various colors, and a short distance in another direction a continual snapping of firecrackers was kept up, so that a dense and suffocating smoke floated over the crowd. At the end, the platters containing the hogs were loaded into the wagons, and the procession marched back to town, to have, as we were informed, a feast on the carcasses of the blessed (?) hogs.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 1, 1868, page 2


    NEW ARRANGEMENT.--It is whispered that the honorable Board of County Commissioners intend to inaugurate a new system in the county hospital. The physician who takes charge will be required to bury, at his own expense, every unfortunate patient who "pegs out" under his care. As the burial expenses would be about twenty-five dollars, it is probable that their lives would be saved as a matter of economy.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 1, 1868, page 3


    EFFECT OF PERSECUTION.--John Moon, who was so brutally beaten on election day in Sams Valley, and subsequently arrested by his persecutors on a charge of assault, has become insane.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 8, 1868, page 2


    SMOKE.--It is very common for parties going into the mountains to set the whole country on fire. This we think very wrong. It not only kills the timber but also fills the valleys full of smoke, thereby rendering it very unhealthy. We have no doubt that many of the summer diseases are greatly aggravated by the smoky atmosphere.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 8, 1868, page 3


    FRAME RAISED.--The frame of Mr. Breitbarth's new house on the corner of Oregon and C streets was raised this week.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 15, 1868, page 3


    REMOVED.--Mr. M. Mensor has removed from Ryan's brick on California Street to the old Maury & Davis brick, corner of Oregon and Main streets. Mr. Mensor has his store fixed up very nice--a little the finest, we think, of any in town.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 29, 1868, page 3


    WATERMELONS.--Mr. John Moon, of Sams Valley, left at our office this week the finest melon we have seen this season. It was almost as cool as ice, and just ripe enough to eat. John, please accept our thanks for the favor.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 29, 1868, page 3


    SMOKE.--The atmosphere for the past two weeks has been very smoky.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 29, 1868, page 3


    DON'T SHOOT.--The public are informed that Miller's big gun on California Street won't shoot, but he has some in his shop that will out-shoot anything in the state. Mr. Miller needs no recommendation as a gunsmith, and his friends can find him located at the old shop of Henry Judge, next the U.S. Hotel.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 5, 1868, page 3


    SADDLERY &C.--Mr. John Miller, who recently purchased the stock and business of Henry Judge, is doing business at Mr. Judge's old stand. He has secured the services of a workman equal to any on the coast, and will do any work in the saddle or harness line at the very lowest rates. Call and see him.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 5, 1868, page 3


    Says the Jacksonville Reveille: Mr. J. W. Plymale, who came in from Fort Klamath last week, told us that he counted 120 freight wagons on the way to that post. In addition to this number 20 had arrived there before he left, and he found here 20 more loading, making in all 160 teams running from this valley to Fort Klamath.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 18, 1868, page 1



    TOWN ELECTION.--Little interest was taken in the election for Trustee on Monday last. Only about 70 votes were polled. John Dick, of Oregon Street, was elected.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 19, 1868, page 3


    REMOVED.--The old log building in the rear of Muller & Brentano's has been torn down to make room for a substantial stone warehouse.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 26, 1868, page 2


    TREASURE FOUND.--On Wednesday last Judge Duncan was laying a foundation wall on the site of an old cabin, nearly opposite Britt's, and accidentally found a twenty-dollar piece. Quite an excitement was kicked up, and further search turned out six more of the same-sized pieces. The mason at work for the Judge tore down all the wall he had laid, and found forty dollars mixed with the dirt mortar that had been made on the spot. One hundred and forty dollars, in all, was found, which had probably been buried there by some miner who was a victim of the Indian war, some of the pieces being simply twenty-dollar ingots from a San Francisco assay office.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 26, 1868, page 3


    TOMBSTONES FOR UMPQUA.--Mr. Russell of Ashland started for Roseburg last week with a number of tombstones of the beautiful Applegate marble, lettered to order by himself.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 3, 1868, page 2


    CHANGE OF PROGRAMME.--From the first of October, the stages will run through from the Mountain House to Croxton's without change of drivers. Jacksonville will be merely a changing station, and several hours will thus be saved between Yreka and Portland.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 3, 1868, page 2


    GAME COMING DOWN.--The fires in the mountains seem to stir the game up considerably. Messrs. Tenbrook and Crane shot a large bear in the Grove last week, and lynxes and foxes are seen very frequently about the valley. On Sunday last a very large bear was lying in the fence corner within a hundred yards of the Grove school house, while religious services were being held there. On being discovered he walked leisurely away.

Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, October 3, 1868, page 3


Fire at Jacksonville.
    JACKSONVILLE, Oct. 3.--A fire occurred last night in the store of Fisher & Bros. Loss not over $5,000. Fisher is the principal loser. P. A. Breitbarth sustained small loss. Both parties are insured in the Imperial North British and Pacific.
Oregonian, Portland, October 5, 1868, page 2


    FIRE IN THE MOUNTAINS.--A heavy fire has been burning in the woods south of here for some time. The Gray brothers have had about sixty cords of wood destroyed, and Enoch Walker has lost about five thousand rails in the same neighborhood.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, October 17, 1868, page 3


NOTICE TO CREDITORS--In the District Court of the United States for the District of Oregon--In the matter of T. H. B. Shipley, Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given that a petition has been filed in said Court by T. H. B. Shipley, of Jacksonville, Jackson County, Oregon, in said District, duly declared a bankrupt under the Act of Congress of March 2, 1867, for a discharge and certificate thereof from all his debts and other claims provable under said Act, and that the 7th day of November, A.D. 1868, at 10 o'clock A.M. is assigned for the hearing of the same before the said Court, when and where creditors of said bankrupt may attend and show cause why the prayer of the said petition should not be granted, and that the second and third meetings of the creditors of the said bankrupt will be held upon the same day at the same hour before W. Lair Hill, Register in Bankruptcy for said District, at his office in the city of Portland, Oregon.
R. WILCOX,
    Clerk U.S. District Court, Oregon.
Portland, October 10th, 1868.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 20, 1868, page 4


NOTICE TO CREDITORS--In the District Court of the United States for the District of Oregon--In the matter of George E. Briggs, Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given that a petition has been filed in said Court by George E. Briggs, of Jacksonville, Jackson County, Oregon, in said District, duly declared a bankrupt under the Act of Congress of March 2, 1867, for a discharge and certificate thereof from all his debts and other claims provable under said Act, and that the 7th day of November, A.D. 1868, at 10 o'clock A.M. is assigned for the hearing of the same before the said Court, when and where creditors of said bankrupt may attend and show cause why the prayer of the said petition should not be granted, and that the second and third meetings of the creditors of the said bankrupt will be held upon the same day at the same hour before W. Lair Hill, Register in Bankruptcy for said District, at his office in the city of Portland, Oregon.
R. WILCOX,
    Clerk U.S. District Court, Oregon.
Portland, October 10th, 1868.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 20, 1868, page 4


NOTICE TO CREDITORS--In the District Court of the United States for the District of Oregon--In the matter of Abel D. Helman, Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given that a petition has been filed in said Court by Abel D. Helman, of Jacksonville, Jackson County, Oregon, in said District, duly declared a bankrupt under the Act of Congress of March 2, 1867, for a discharge and certificate thereof from all his debts and other claims provable under said Act, and that the 7th day of November, A.D. 1868, at 10 o'clock A.M. is assigned for the hearing of the same before the said Court, when and where creditors of said bankrupt may attend and show cause why the prayer of the said petition should not be granted, and that the second and third meetings of the creditors of the said bankrupt will be held upon the same day at the same hour before W. Lair Hill, Register in Bankruptcy for said District, at his office in the city of Portland, Oregon.
R. WILCOX,
    Clerk U.S. District Court, Oregon.
Portland, October 10th, 1868.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 20, 1868, page 4


ELLENSBURG, OGN., Oct. 26th, '68.
    The fire in the Coast Mountains has been the most terrific and destructive known to the whites. The densest and most impenetrable woods and brush are swept away as with a besom of destruction. One old hunter in Curry County states that he found the charred remains of a large band of elk that had apparently been surrounded by fire and unable to escape. All the houses, fences, barns, etc. at Port Orford, excepting the residences of Capt. Tichenor and Mr. Burnap, were burned. Mrs. Tichenor is now in a critical condition from burns received in saving her house. With no one to assist her, and alone; with the angry flames roaring, crackling and hissing all about her--burning the yard fence within a foot of the house; and though several times her clothing was on fire, this spartan-hearted woman saved her home from destruction by sacrificing herself.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 2


ROSEBURG, OGN., NOV. 2nd, 1868.
    Charles Slocum, son of Wm. Slocum, formerly of Wilbur, died at the mouth of the Umpqua River on the 18th ult., of smallpox. No other case is yet known to exist in that vicinity. It was taken from a man put ashore from the steamer Del Norte a few days before, who after exposing the entire population of the lower Umpqua took his departure down the coast.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 2


    SMALLPOX.--This loathsome disease has made its appearance at Gardiner, in this county, having been brought to that place from San Francisco by the steamer, and the first case has proved fatal. It is probable that the disease has been communicated to others, and the greatest care should be used to prevent its spreading further.--Roseburg Ensign.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 2


    NEW HALL.--Horne has commenced to build a hall 30 by 50 feet, between his hotel and the Ryan brick. The upper story is intended for a ball room.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 3


DIED.
POOL.--In Santa Cruz, Cal., James Pool, formerly of Jacksonville, aged 42 years.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 7, 1868, page 3


    There was a wheelbarrow wager on the election at Jacksonville. The Sentinel says: "Yesterday Louis Herling came up to the scratch and wheeled his Republican friend Blatt over the mountain to Poorman's Creek. The procession started from Wetterer's brewery at 1 p.m., and worked till he got over safely. We heard that Blatt was about as tired as Herling, and very glad to get landed without damage."
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 19, 1868, page 2


    IN THE MOUNTAINS.--Hon. O. Jacobs, Judge Prim, Sheriff Reames and our old friend Wrisley started on a hunt on Tuesday. They took a small blue keg with them and started off in splendid spirits. Jacobs is to shoot, his Honor to skin and Reames to drag the game into camp, while Wrisley will see that the little keg don't run over. We only charge a saddle of venison or a leg of pork for this handsome notice.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, November 21, 1868, page 3


    D. M. C. GAULT, formerly editor of the Jacksonville Sentinel, is now editor of the Unionist.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, November 21, 1868, page 2


    The Jacksonville Reveille warned its Democratic readers against complying with an invitation extended by the loyal people of that place to the Democracy to meet with them on Thanksgiving Day, and spurns the idea of the Union people saying "let us be friends." The Reveille says Democrats can never be the friends of Union men, and cannot rejoice or give thanks at this particular time. We cannot see exactly what the Democrats have to rejoice over now, as it is not characteristic of them to rejoice when peace and prosperity prevails, or to give thanks when the right is triumphant. If the Democratic candidates had been elected, and there was a prospect of the civil war which Frank Blair promised, then Democrats could rejoice, and they would rejoice. But as it is, their past record and consistency forbid, and we are inclined to favor the maintaining of the fitness of things, and letting Democrats mourn.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, November 28, 1868, page 2


    OVERLAND FARES.--The cost of traveling overland by railroad and stage from San Francisco to Chicago is $250.25 in currency, and $284.20 to New York. Eleven days are consumed in the trip, and meals are usually a dollar in coin each. The fare from Sacramento to Salt Lake is $125 in coin, and to Austin $45. From Virginia [City] to Austin the fare is $30, and Austin to White Pine, the new 
Silverado, is $20. There is about 550 miles of stage travel in going overland.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 5, 1868, page 2


    PETTY THEFTS.--Last week some scoundrels made a raid on Mrs. Ulrich's clothesline and stole a large amount of valuable clothing, and during this week three fine large geese were stolen from Jim Cardwell's on the school house knoll. Some rascals were surely spoiling for a charge of buckshot.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 5, 1868, page 3


    CHRISTMAS TREE.--The manager of the Sabbath school desires to state that there will be a "Christmas tree" for the little people on Christmas Eve. Miss Nan. Linn, Miss Kate Hoffman, Miss Hattie Thompson and Misses Owen are the committee to whom it is entrusted, and the parents are informed that they will be glad to take charge of any presents for the children. Those who have any to make are requested to leave them at the residence of any of the committee or at the Methodist church on the Wednesday before Christmas. Mrs. Farmer is also one of the committee.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 12, 1868, page 2


    ASHLAND FLANNEL.--Messrs. Baum & Wohlgenant have received a small invoice of the first flannel finished by the Rogue River Mfg. Co. It is heavy goods made of a fine quality of wool, and is particularly suited for men's wear.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 12, 1868, page 3


Small Pox.
    By reference to Dr. Grube's communication it will be seen that this dreadful pestilence is among us, but in a mild form. Immediate vaccination is counseled, and the people are advised not to become excited. The town council met yesterday and passed a stringent ordinance to preserve the health of the town and stay the progress of the disease, and it will be rigidly enforced. A case is reported in Canyonville. The name of the patient is Mitchell, who says that he was exposed to the disease in this place.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 2


Communicated.
    MR. EDITOR:--It has been disputed for several weeks whether or not smallpox is in Jacksonville. Until a few days ago I have uniformly answered "no" to that question. There could be no possible reason for concealing the fact if it is a fact. But the eruptive disease which at first appeared in town was of a far different type from any smallpox which I have ever seen. Within a few days, however, I have seen a case with the usual signs of smallpox of a mild type. Others whose opinions are entitled to credit as well as mine, may not think it so. If I am correct, what then? There is no cause for a panic. The disease will prevail more or less over this valley. Let the people pursue their usual avocations--avoid no places but the houses in which there is smallpox or varioloid--avoid handling the clothing of those who have been about the disease--vaccinate all members of families who have not already been. Any careful person can do that with fresh virus and a clean instrument. Those who live near the infection should have chloride of lime or other disinfectants exposed on a plate or saucer in their houses. The disease is more malignant where cleanliness of person or premises is neglected. Physicians generally agree that medicine will not arrest the disease--nay, even that it will not control or influence it considerably. A skillful nurse can do almost as well as a physician. For costiveness, a mild laxative--for fever, cooling drinks--for food only what is light and easily digested, and but little of it is required. The patient should be kept quiet in bed, and avoid drafts of raw air or sudden changes of temperature. Some disinfectant should be exposed in the bed room, and changed every few days. Chloride of lime is the most convenient I know of. Labarraque's solution, or permanganate of potash in water, is better to destroy the taint on clothing when poured upon them. Nitrate of lead has been recommended, and carbolic acid, a new drug, is much praised by some; but the latter is often adulterated and cannot be relied upon--neither can camphor or creosote, which many have used for the same purpose. To prevent pitting painting the face with collodion is the most effectual remedy I have ever seen.
GRUBE.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 2


    THE NEW HALL.--The new hall attached to the United States Hotel will be finished for the Christmas party. It contains by measurement one hundred square feet more than any hall in town. It is 50 by 30 feet, 16 feet high, and well lighted and ventilated. The floor is made expressly for dancing--resting on steel springs, and the only danger is that our young people will dance themselves to shadows on the first opportunity, trying to test it.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 3


    STORE CLOSED.--The business house of Messrs. Baum & Wohlgenant, who lately purchased from Muller & Brentano, was closed by the U.S. Marshal of Oregon of Tuesday. Proceedings were instituted at the suit of Rosenstock, Price & Co., of San Francisco.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 3


    BUSINESS CLOSED.--The establishment of Morris Caro was seized by the U.S. Marshal for Oregon on Wednesday. The seizure was on account of proceedings against Isidor Caro in the U.S. District Court.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 3


    NO CHRISTMAS TREE.--In consequence of the presence of a contagious disease among us it has been decided that there will be no Christmas tree for the little folks. People will be governed accordingly.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 19, 1868, page 3


Smallpox.
From the Placer Herald, Dec. 5th.
    Smallpox is the result of a specific, morbid poison working in the system, which is reproduced during the course of the disease. It is accompanied by certain symptoms, and a peculiar eruption upon the skin. When this specific poison is absorbed and infects the blood, a period of latency occurs which is termed the stage or period of incubation. This period of incubation lasts from ten to sixteen days (usually thirteen or fourteen). Then the disease proper commences by a fever which lasts up to the appearance of the eruption, and is called the secondary stage. The ordinary duration of this fever is four days; it may be sudden in its attack, or be preceded by a great tendency to vomiting, drowsiness, and oppression of the brain, and severe muscular pains, resembling rheumatism, especially in the small of the back. Also in many cases there is severe sore throat. After four days of this fever, the third stage or period of eruption commences, when the fever and the other severe symptoms accompanying it usually ceases for the time being.
    The eruption first appears in small, bright red pimples on the face, neck and upper extremities, then on the body, and lastly on the lower extremities. These pimples on the second or third day of the eruption change into vesicles or little blisters, which contain a clear whey-colored fluid; these vesicles continue three or four days and then ripen into pustules which contain yellow matter. The number of these pustules varies according to the severity of the case, from a dozen or two to some hundreds or thousands. There is great swelling of the whole face, head, and neck, the eyelids often closing entirely and blinding the patient. After about two days more or about the eighth day of the eruption, the pustules rupture and matter exudes which dries into scabs or crusts. During the exudation of matter the pustule shrivels and dries up. The crust is detached between the eleventh and fourteenth days, leaving the skin beneath of a dark reddish brown hue, which lasts for many days or weeks. On the face the pustule often penetrates or burrows under the skin, which upon the cessation of the ulceration leaves a permanent scar or "pit."
    At about the eighth day a secondary fever occurs which lasts during the period of occupation, or maturating, and then ceases. With the falling of the crusts, about the fourteenth day, the disease terminates.
    The cause of the disease is obscure, through there is many reasons to believe that it first originated in some of the lower animals and from them extended to the human species. It is communicated from one person to the other through immediate contact with the body, by breathing the infected atmosphere, or in any way coming under the influence of the germs of the poison which exists in the exhalations from the secretions of the body of the patient. The poison is carried into the clothing of the patient, and bedding, in the scabs which fall from the body, &c. These poisonous germs may exist for years even unimpaired. The disease is probably generated in the suffering patient during all stages, and is most dangerous when most noticeable to the sense of smell. It extends for quite a distance around the patient, and it is, therefore, unsafe to even enter the same house, or come in contact with him in the street.
    It should be borne in mind that this dread disease is one which cannot be cut short when established, but must run its course. Much may, however, be done to mitigate the sufferings of the patient and render less dangerous and unsightly the consequences resulting from the ravages of the poison.
    In the treatment of the disease, so far as possible, a free eruption should be prevented. No heating drinks should be given to force out the eruption. The diet should be light, consisting of gruels, ripe fruits, &c. The room in which the patient lies should be cool and well ventilated, the bed clothing light and kept scrupulously clean. The prevention of smallpox is partially to be secured by the use of powerful disinfectants. The only reliable means, however, for its prevention is to be found in vaccination. This cannot be too forcibly brought to the attention of the public--as to that alone can we look for safety from a most terrible scourge.
    For sixty-eight years has vaccination been in constant use for the prevention of smallpox. Dr. Jenner made the discovery that a certain eruptive disease affecting the teat and udders of cows was often communicated to the milkers of the cows, and when thus attacked with what he called "cowpox," they escaped the infection of smallpox, and thus occurred the idea of introducing it purposely into the human system by what is called "vaccination." The protective influence of vaccination has been abundantly proved by the results attending its general practice. The most stringent laws have been enacted at various times by the European government compelling general vaccination. These have been productive of the greatest good. In England out of every 1,000 deaths in the half century from 1750 to 1800 there were 96 deaths from smallpox; and out of every 1,000 deaths in the half century from 1800 to 1850 there were only 35 deaths from smallpox.
    Also in Germany, statistics prove that out of every 1,000 deaths before vaccination was used 66 were deaths from smallpox but that out of every 1,000 deaths after vaccination was enforced, the deaths from smallpox were only 7. Thus it is proved that where vaccination is most perfectly carried out smallpox is least mortal. Another important fact in this connection is that the epidemic influence of the smallpox has greatly diminished since the adoption of vaccination. Previous to the introduction of vaccination, records in Europe show that the ratio of smallpox epidemics were about 75 in every 100 years. Since vaccination has been practiced there is a ratio of but 24 epidemics in the 100 years. Another fact is shown, that in the cases of smallpox occurring in persons after vaccination, it is most invariably of a much milder nature, and very rarely fatal. Many other points of interest in this connection might be mentioned, but enough has been said to show the great importance and value of this protective means against a most virulent contagious disease.
    Owing to the fact that smallpox is so near to our doors, and that it may at any time make its appearance in our midst, I will vaccinate, free of charge, those who need, and will come to me at my office, or at the Drug Store.
S. F. CHAPIN, M.D.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 1


The Public Health.
    Since our last issue we are glad to announce that there has occurred only two new cases of smallpox in this place. It is a sure indication that the disease has been confined to its original limits, as the new cases occurred where the patients had been greatly exposed. So far there have been only nine cases in this place, only two of which terminated fatally, the rest being now convalescent. There is much needless alarm out in the valley, many exaggerated reports having been circulated, and the people of this place generally consider themselves as in no particular danger. Time enough has elapsed to have developed many new cases in Jacksonville, but we cannot learn of any more than were reported up to last Saturday except those mentioned, and our citizens are now congratulating themselves that the scare is ended. Extraordinary measures have been adopted by the Trustees to preserve the health of the town, and there is now no danger of contagion from any of the existing cases.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 2


Smallpox and How it Came Here.
    Now that it is absolutely certain that this loathsome disease is among us, the natural inquiry is "how did it get here?" There are various surmises concerning its origin in this place, all of which seem unsatisfactory. In the house now occupied by the family who were first taken, a quantity of baggage was stored which came from San Francisco by the Crescent City steamer, and on the same boat there were several cases of the disease. It is possible that it might have come in that baggage; yet none of the family to whom it belonged, and who are now using it, have been attacked. Every case, except the first, including those now on Hungry Creek and at Canyonville, originated in that house. If this hypothesis be incorrect then the question is where did the first case originate. The person who had it says it is quite possible that he may have contracted it from some of his Chinese neighbors, and expresses the opinion that some of those people have it among them. It is worthwhile for the town authorities to make thorough search and see if this be the case. It is very probable that if the Chinese had any cases of smallpox among them they would hide them for fear of popular indignation, and we do not know but there is a pest house of that description in the very heart of the town. This surmise, too, may be incorrect; but the health of our people is worth more than the trouble it will take to decide whether it be so or not.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 2


    SMALLPOX AND SCARLET FEVER.--A correspondent of an exchange says:
    "I herewith append a recipe which has been used to my knowledge in hundreds of cases. It will prevent or cure the smallpox, though the pittings are filling. When Jenner discovered the cowpox in England the world of science hurled an avalanche of fame upon his head; but when the most scientific school of medicine in the world--that of Paris--published this recipe as a panacea for smallpox, it passed unheeded. It is unfailing as fate, and conquers in every instance. It is harmless when taken by a well person. It will also cure scarlet fever. Here is the recipe as I have used it, and cured my children of scarlet fever; here it is as I have used it to cure the smallpox; when learned physicians said the patient must die, it cured: Sulphate of zinc, one grain; foxglove (digitalis), one grain; half a teaspoonful of sugar, mix with two tablespoonfuls of water. Take a spoonful every hour. Either disease will disappear in twelve hours. For a child, smaller doses, according to age. If counties would compel their physicians to use this, there would be no need of pest houses. If you value advice and experience, use this for that terrible disease."
    The above remedy, clipped from the Sacramento Union, has been tried here in one cases with marked success. It is simple, easily procured, and should the disease become epidemic here, should have a fair trial.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 2


    CHRISTMAS.--Yesterday was the dullest Christmas ever known in Jacksonville.

Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 2


    RESIGNED.--Dr. E. S. Belden, late Surgeon at Fort Klamath, passed through town on Wednesday on his way to Portland to receive his discharge from the service. Dr. B. is a young gentleman of thorough medical education, and leaves the service because there is so little room in it for professional advancement. He intends locating at Marysville, and will be an acquisition to the society of that place.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 3


    DEATH FROM SMALLPOX.--On Thursday evening, Joseph Martin died from this terrible disease. His recovery had not been expected for several days, and when death relieved him he was a shocking mass of corruption. He was buried during Thursday night with every possible precaution, and may we never again witness such a burial.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 3


    ANOTHER CASE.--A colored man named Ike is reported down with the smallpox. He is some distance out of town and properly cared for.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 26, 1868, page 3




Last revised September 22, 2022