The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Jackson County News: 1866

    THE Oregon Reporter of the 22nd ult. says: During the cold snap in the beginning of the week, a young Chinaman who had been brought to town sick from Evans Creek, and housed in a shanty back of Peter Britt's was frozen to death.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, January 4, 1866, page 2

    THERE have been seventy-five marriage licenses issued in Jackson County within the last two years.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 6, 1866, page 2

    JACKSON COUNTY.--This county was enlarged by the recent special session, so as to take in the Fort Klamath portion of Wasco County. This ensures a Union majority in Jackson County at the next election.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, January 8, 1866, page 3

    GOOD LUCK TO IT.--The Jacksonville Reporter has entered successfully upon its second volume. Better fortune still to it--may it keep on prospering, for it is worthy. The Democracy of Southern Oregon will, we hope, give it abundant substantial aid.
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, January 13, 1866, page 2

    In Waldo, Josephine County, Dec. 19th, by Justice Thatcher, Job White to Miss Emma Scott.
    In Jackson County, Dec. 21st, by Rev. M. A. Williams, Francis M. Plymale to Miss Jane E. Nichols.
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, January 13, 1866, page 4

    BATHS VS. CHOLERA.--It is a well-established fact that in cities where cleanliness is enforced, the Asiatic cholera is less fatal than where the free use of soap and water is neglected. Who would not avoid a personal visitation of the terrible scourge which is so rapidly approaching the Pacific Coast by so pleasant and simple a preventive? Take the hint, reader, and commence in time. Overbeck's splendid bath rooms are open on Wednesdays and Sundays, and you will always find water ad libitum and of any degree of temperature.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 20, 1866, page 2

    SILVER LEDGES.--The excitement about silver is still raging, but it is not that wild and furious mania so characteristic of new and rich discoveries. The lucky individuals take it as a matter of fact, and go about the work in a very businesslike manner. Instead of each one going alone, and expending all his property without accomplishing anything, the claim owners form "prospecting" companies and put all the money necessary to hold each claim on one tunnel, thereby enabling them to prospect the ledge in a thorough manner, and still not be burdensome. If we mistake not, there have been seven ledges discovered within seven miles of Jacksonville, all running in a northerly and southerly direction and pitching eastward.
    The prospects now are very flattering, probably as much as was the case at Washoe. We have seen various specimens which are very rich--we would not like to say how much silver they do contain, for fear the amount would be considered fabulous.
    The prospecting companies now at work are running tunnels, which will be of lasting benefit, and not be useless when done prospecting, or, in other words, the prospecting is being prosecuted in a most thorough and scientific manner. Feet, we think, can be purchased very reasonably now, and probably exorbitant prices will not be asked in three or four months, but a larger sum of money will be asked then than now. A general confidence is felt throughout the community that Jackson County will rival Boise and Owyhee in the richness of her silver mines.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 20, 1866, page 2

Silver in Jackson County.
    The Jacksonville Reporter, of Jan. 13th, publishes the following intelligence in relation to the recent silver discoveries in that vicinity:
    Last week we spoke of some silver ledges recently discovered in this vicinity. Since then several others have been found, and, of course, taken up by the prospectors; and we are daily in receipt of the news of some "new strike." These are no mere illusions, but bona fide ledges, distinctly defined, well cased, and traceable for miles; proving conclusively that there is a belt of silver-bearing quartz running through the chain of mountains that bound Rogue River Valley on the south and west.
    On Monday last we visited the ledge from which the specimens to which we referred last week were taken. This vein, which is called the Silver Mountain ledge, is located about one mile west of Willow Springs, and runs along the crest of the first series of hills from the stage road, with which the ledge is almost parallel. We followed along the outcroppings in company with several other gentlemen, to the northward, and were able to trace the ledge distinctly for over a mile from the original location. Some of our party were prepared with tools which they used in sinking a few feet here and there along the ledge; and the result was inevitably the same--the same rich character of rock presenting itself on every occasion. A large number of claims have been located on this ledge, and some of the companies are preparing to sink on it as soon as the weather will permit. As to the character of the ore all the experts in quartz in this neighborhood, of whom there are several, agree in pronouncing it first-class rock, abounding in sulphurets and the precious minerals in various formations. Col. Drew made a test of some of it, which more than realized his most sanguine expectations, but was unable to judge from the crude process of analysis to which it was subjected what the average value per ton would approximate.
    Since the location of the above two other ledges have been discovered--one above and the other below Silver Mountain ledge--forming a series of three ledges about three hundred feet apart, and all of the same general character, except that the original discovery is the widest and the most prominent--being about eight feet thick at the croppings, and appearing to widen as it goes down.
    On Tuesday last we understand that a party prospecting in the mountains above Jackson Creek for a gold ledge struck a ledge of the same character as those near Willow Springs, and which is no doubt an extension of one of the veins of that series.
    We also hear that rock of a similar character has been found to the southeast of town on a line with the belt already traced.
    Add to this, we hear of the discovery of two or three gold ledges on or near Jackson Creek; also of a new strike on the celebrated Gold Hill, near the famous Ish claim. In fact developments are being made all around us that bid fair to eclipse during the coming spring any mining excitement known since the discovery of silver in Washoe. Let our people go to work busily as soon as the weather permits, and show the world that Rogue River Valley has that in her borders to make her the wealthiest as well as the most beautiful valley on the coast. But by all means avoid conflicting claims and consequent litigation. There is ground enough and ledges enough in the neighborhood, beyond doubt, to enrich every man, woman and child in Oregon, if properly managed. And let the condition of the Washoe country be an example to our people to avoid litigation as far as possible. Remember the old simile: A suit at law is like an oyster, of which the lawyers get the fish, and the contestants only the shells.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 24, 1866, page 3

    MINING AT JACKSONVILLE.--We learn by the Sentinel that the silver mania is running very high at Jacksonville. It bids fair not to end in excitement only. The Sentinel continues:
    "The tunnel at the Fair Play ledge is being vigorously pushed forward into the mountain. The Davenport company expect to strike their ledge ere many days shall have passed. Both tunnels are fine specimens of work. The energy with which our citizens are endowed will soon open to view untold treasures, and we predict a bright future for our county."
    A fair indication of what is doing in quartz in Jackson County is afforded by the fact that no less than 206 claims have been taken up and recorded there since the middle of November last.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, January 26, 1866, page 2

    HARD ON HORSES.--During the high water last week, three horses were drowned while one of the stages was attempting to cross Canyon Creek, about three miles this side of Canyonville. On Wednesday morning last about one o'clock, Jones, by some mishap, ran off of a bridge about a mile from town and was unable to get his horses out for about three hours.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 27, 1866, page 2

    CELESTIAL CEREMONIES.--Tuesday night last the Chinamen assembled from the surrounding country and congregated in the Haines brick for the purpose of holding some kind of a secret society which they called Free Masons, but we were unable to judge whether it was so or not. It was certainly mysterious and unintelligible enough to the uninitiated to belong to the mysteries of the ancient Greek. From side to side were stretched small cords, bearing pieces of cloth or curtains, inscribed with Chinese characters. On one side of the room hung their charter, a very fine piece of work, bearing various well-executed designs. Opposite, a very busy crowd appeared, and the knowing ones said they were balloting for members. At the further end of the hall from the entrance was a stand, covered with the usual complement of candles, etc. To the looker-on it very much resembled an auction sale. After about an hour allowed to curiosity hunters the doors were closed and none but the faithful were admitted.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 27, 1866, page 2

    ACCIDENT.--One day last week, Esquire Sturgis, living on Applegate, was kicked in the face by a horse. One of the shoe-corks cut him severely on the cheekbone, and the other side of his face was crushed and several teeth knocked out.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, January 27, 1866, page 2

    EXTENSIVE discoveries of silver-bearing quartz have been made in Jackson County in this state. Some of them are in the neighborhood of the once-famous gold quartz on Gold Hill.
Daily Mountaineer, The Dalles, January 30, 1866, page 3

    OUR NEW FEATURE.--The silver excitement continues unabated; in fact, in spite of the rain, snow and frost it is on the increase, for our prospectors have nothing to do these wintry days but congregate together, recount their discoveries, display their specimens, test them, and compare notes. We have seen several specimens during the week from ledges discovered since our last issue. They vary somewhat in appearance; but all bear the same general characteristics. Rock from a number of new ledges has been tested by our silversmiths in town, and we have yet to learn of any one piece subjected to the test that has failed to yield silver in greater or less quantities. Patience, fellow townsman, we'll see Jacksonville "some" place yet!--Oregon Reporter.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 2, 1866, page 3

    SILVER MINING.--From the Reporter and Sentinel we learn that the search for silver ore in Jackson County is daily prosecuted, and with generally fair success. Some very fine prospects have been obtained. Southern Oregon is again looking up in a mining point of view.
Albany Democrat, February 3, 1866, page 3

    ROGUE RIVER WOOLEN FACTORY.--A meeting has been called by Judge Tolman, Jacob Wagner and other leading citizens of Jackson County to take the necessary steps to erect a woolen factory at Ashland Mills in that county. Ashland will become the Lowell of Southern Oregon.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, February 5, 1866, page 3

    SOUTHERN OREGON.--We obtain the following from the Jacksonville Sentinel of the 3rd inst.:
    In today's issue will be found another call for a meeting of those interested to take steps to build a woolen factory. We think now is the time to proceed in this matter. Our mines are being developed, and the prospect is that soon many men will be congregated in our county, and if a mill was in operation it would reap an abundant harvest, as well as keep a large sum of money in our midst, which would otherwise go out of the country and foreign goods be introduced in its place. Let us have a factory somewhere in the valley.
    We would be glad to see these two efforts united. One factory would be very profitable and could easily be erected by our citizens; but we can scarcely expect to erect two at the same time. A double effort, we fear, will defeat the success of either. We hope all will unite, thus forming a very strong company, and build a good factory at the most eligible place, regardless of personal or local considerations.
    Col. Drew exhibited to us a specimen of quartz this week from the Howard and Paine lead, which is very rich, and gold is visible in all parts of it. This lead is not far from the celebrated mine of W. W. Fowler and company, on Applegate--to the south. It was discovered about three years since, and a considerable amount of quartz quarried but, some difficulty arising, work was for the time discontinued. The recent excitement about quartz led to further prospecting which resulted in the discovery of quartz which compares very favorably with Gold Hill and the Fowler lead. Claims have been located and a company organized for the working of it.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 13, 1855, page 2

    George Rogers, formerly of Jacksonville, Oregon, arrived in Chico last Saturday, direct from the Blackfoot mines, on his way home to Jacksonville. Rogers had a large quantity of specimens with him, varying from an ounce to a quarter of a pound. He presented his old friend Thomas Pyle, of this place, with a specimen weighing one and an eighth ounces.
"The Route to Montana," Sacramento Daily Union, February 20, 1866, page 2

    RICH DIGGINGS.--The diggings struck by Messrs. S. & J. Taylor, on Applegate, are turning out hugely and more are being struck. Steamboat City promises to be the best mining camp in this section of country. Each bench as the mountain is ascended prospects well.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, February 24, 1866, page 2

    The Sentinel reports the woolen mill meeting at Jacksonville, on the 10th instant, as follows: The meeting was organized by electing E. D. Foudray, president, and B. F. Dowell, secretary. Messrs. Thomas Smith, E. D. Foudray, B. F. Dowell, Dr. L. S. Thompson, Michael Hanley and Samuel Colver made speeches in behalf of building a factory; and they satisfied all present that a factory was practicable, and could be made very profitable; and that there were many places in the county affording the best of water power and fine, healthy locations. Messrs. Smith, Colver and Foudray differed widely as to the place. Mr. Smith made an eloquent speech in behalf of Ashland, and Messrs. Foudray and Colver concluded that there was no place like Phoenix. On motion of Mr. Hanley, the meeting determined to appoint one person in each precinct of the county to solicit subscription, and thereupon the president appointed the following named persons: R. B. Hargadine, Ashland; Isaac Constant, Manzanita; M. Hanley, Jacksonville; Samuel Colver, Phoenix; Thomas Chavner, Dardanelles; N. C. Dean, Willow Springs; Tod Cameron, Uniontown; John Sisemore, Table Rock, C. Schieffelin, Perkinsville; J. M. Nichols, Butte Creek; M. H. Drake, Forest Creek; Mr. Laylock, Evans Creek; Nicholas Wright, Steamboat City; Capt. Saltmarsh, Sterlingville.
    Wm. Fidler, Street Commissioner, is grading "C" Street, Jacksonville--a work much needed, as it was the worst mud hole in town.
    By late arrivals, we learn that the company which started from Fort Klamath on snow shoes, and was reported lost, returned to the Post, in consequence of the soft state of the snow.
    The soldiers have established a theater at Fort Klamath, which is reported ahead of any of the traveling "shows."
    Capt. Fullerton has made the trip from Jacksonville to Fort Klamath and back.
    The Jacksonville corporation election is to be held March 6th.
    From the Reporter we take the following items:
    Our prospectors are still busily engaged in scouring the surrounding hills for the precious minerals, and not a day passes but we hear of some new discovery. We [were] shown on Thursday last some specimens of a peculiar character, and what seems to us to be what is generally termed "horn silver." It looks exceedingly rich, and no doubt will prove as valuable as its appearance indicates.
    Col. Drew left for San Francisco yesterday morning, for the purchase of machinery for the reduction of quartz. He took with him a finely assorted cabinet of specimens from our various gold- and silver-bearing quartz ledges, which he intends having thoroughly tested ere his return. He will probably be absent six or eight weeks, and we are anxious to know how the various ledges will stand the test.
    In the case of The People vs. Goheen, indicted for arson, in having set fire to the barn of N. C. Dean on the night of the 12th of December last, after a long and tedious trial, in which a large number of witnesses were examined, the jury, after being out some sixteen years [sic], returned a verdict of acquittal.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, February 26, 1866, page 3

    JACKSON COUNTY.--From the Oregon Reporter we learn the following:
    A meeting was held at Jacksonville on the 10th inst. for the purpose of organizing a company to erect a woolen factory in Jackson County. Persons were appointed to canvass for subscribers for stock in each precinct. The site for the factory has not yet been selected.
    Our prospectors are still busily engaged in scouring the surrounding hills in search of the precious minerals, and not a day passes but we hear of some new discovery. We were shown on Thursday some specimens of a peculiar character, and what seems to us to be what is generally termed "horn silver." It looks exceedingly rich, and will no doubt prove as valuable as its appearance indicates. What a pity it is that we have not a practical assayer among us, as the crude processes by which our rock is tested are anything but satisfactory. However, we shall soon find out something definite about our ledges, as Colonel Drew has gone below determined to have a thorough investigation of their merits, and, although we know that "all that glitters is not gold," we are satisfied that we have ledges enough of a sterling character to make this one of the richest mineral regions on the Pacific Coast.
    In the case of The People vs. Goheen, indicted for arson, in having set fire to the barn of N. C. Dean on the night of the 12th of December inst., after a long and tedious trial, in which a large number of witnesses were examined, the jury, after being out some sixteen hours, returned a verdict of acquittal.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 27, 1866, page 1

    The diggings struck on Applegate Creek by the Taylors are turning out hugely.
    The Sentinel says a telegram was sent from the Jacksonville office to Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and an answer received in twenty hours.
    Ten soldiers had arrived from Fort Klamath by the old wagon road, after a four days' trip, a part of the way over snow seven feet in depth.
    The Reporter says: "Some of our Ashland friends have struck a good thing in the shape of a silver-bearing quartz lode on Emigrant Creek, which they have named 'Arkansas ledge.'"
    The Sentinel says that in consequence of the notice given by the Register at Roseburg, in relation to mineral lands subject to entry, the miners of Jackson County held a meeting on the 17th ult. to protest against such entries being made. Petitions to have such lands reserved from sale are being circulated, and another meeting of the miners of Southern Oregon is to be held on the 17th inst. A general convention of miners and all others interested was recommended to be held at Portland on the 4th of May next.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, March 7, 1866, page 2

    WHOSE FAULT?--The Jacksonville papers are published on the same day. We regularly get the Sentinel (abolition) in three or four days from its publication; yet the Reporter (Democratic) is rarely received earlier than Friday, and sometimes not at all. Both are doubtless mailed on the same day--how happens it the Sentinel always reaches here first? Who is at fault?
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, March 10, 1866, page 2

    From the Sentinel we learn:
    A fair lady in Jackson County--three times a widow and four times a wife--has very unfairly gobbled up another Benedict right under the noses of our charming marriageable young ladies. Change your tactics, girls.
    Last Saturday, the 3rd, as two of our citizens were going up to the forks of Jackson Creek, a couple of footpads confronted them and demanded their loose change in the most artistic manner. The proposed victims were too quick for them, drawing their pistols first and turning the tables completely on the would-be robbers. The persons who were attacked say that they recognized the fellows but decline to complain of them.
    Col. W. G. T'Vault returned home on Wednesday last, in good health and fine spirits. Owyhee must have agree with him. "He is not dead!" On the way home, at Salem he purchased the press, type and materials of the Oregon Arena office from C. B. Bellinger and Urban E. Hicks. We have not learned whether the Col. will start a campaign paper at Portland or the Dalles, or take the material to the Owyhee, I.T.
    The Colonel showed us enough of Owyhee diamonds to buy the "Reporter office." [Owyhee "diamonds" were worthless--as was the Reporter.]
    Our neighbors in Douglas County have discovered a very strong odor of petroleum in their county, and are very sanguine of striking the article itself in the spring. We hope their fondest expectations may be realized and ended in something more tangible than mere "smells" of the article desired.
    S. F. Chadwick, Worshipful Master of the Grand Lodge of Oregon, during the week visited Belt Lodge at Kerbyville and Warren Lodge at Jacksonville. He informs us both lodges are doing good work and in a prosperous condition.
    Speaking of some quartz specimens from Jackson County, the Reporter says:
    Specimens of each of the kinds mentioned have been submitted to the common process of blistering, and every piece of rock yet subject to this test has shown small globules of silver all over its surface. These globules have been examined by Mr. Houck, the jeweler, and pronounced largely charged with silver; in fact, the declared some of them to be as pure silver as he ever put graving tool into.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, March 12, 1866, page 3

    ONE GOOD THING.--The Jacksonville Sentinel is informed by Mr. Kelly, Register of the Land Office in Roseburg, that the infamous oath hitherto for three or four years required of donation claimants has been rescinded. Persons can now obtain their certificate or patent without being obliged to commit perjury.
State Rights Democrat, Albany, Oregon, March 17, 1866, page 2

    Jackson County furnishes to the mines of Josephine County about twenty-five thousand dollars' worth of flour. Josephine is said to buy of neighboring counties not less than forty thousand dollars in flour, bacon and oats.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, March 23, 1866, page 3

    The Abolition organs tell us that their party brethren in Jackson County had a very harmonious county convention, and that everything looks promising for their cause there. To show upon what foundation they say this, we think it is unnecessary to present more than the following happy condition of things among the Abolition Radicals and Conservatives of Jackson County:
    WHEREAS, A few selfish and designing men of both parties have, by joint conference, nominated themselves for state and county offices without the consent of the people, thereby ignoring the sovereign voice of the people in the choice of their servants--a right sacred to the cause of liberty and the government, and
    WHEREAS, Said nominees are secretly and corruptly corporating their ticket in the several precincts of the county, thereby securing the nomination of men obnoxious to the people, they this defraud by disgracing the official places they aspire to desecrate; and, whereas, self-constituted nominees and political tricksters have been guilty of consorting with traitors, and the open and avowed enemies of our country, during the late rebellion, aiding and abetting them to procure government contracts by the fraudulent use of their names as principles in said contracts, thereby giving aid and comfort to its enemies by lending their names on commission to do business on rebel account; and whereas, some self-constituted nominees are utterly unfit for and unworthy of the trust and confidence of honest men of any party, and are secretly plotting the destruction of the Union Party, and are diligently at work under the wily political sorehead, C. S. Drew, who is the political brain pan of this conspiracy against the Treasury of the United States, while L. S. Thompson is merely his business tool to do his dirty work, subject to the control of his more sagacious master; and, whereas the said C. S. Drew is seeking to merge the Union Party in the treason-branded Democratic Party through the support of Nesmith, whose well-known preference for peace and Pendleton mark him as the true representative of this corrupt combination of treasury speculators, known as the Drew faction, who are now the self-constituted nominees for state and county offices. Therefore,
    Resolved, 1st. That by such an assumption of power to dictate to the citizens of this county who their servants shall be months before the convention for the selection of such servants, they have shown a degree of impudence unwarranted and an amount of insolence intolerable to freedmen.
    Resolved, 2nd. That to resist usurpation of a treason-branded junto, such as the Drew faction, is a right sacred to free men, and that we do declare ourselves independent of the dictations of this combination of treasury speculators, and pledge ourselves, as the people, to resist their encroachments upon our rights and to use all endeavors, consistent with justice, to oppose their treasonable designs.
    Resolved, 3rd. That we will not support those men in convention or at the ballot box, and that it is the duty of all loyal men to be on their guard and not unwittingly pledge themselves to their support.
    Resolved, 4th. That realizing as we do that there is a corrupt tendency arising from an accumulation of funds more than sufficient to meet the expense of government, we are decidedly in favor of a reduction of our taxes, so as to meet the current expenses of the county only, as they accrue.
A. Gillette, S. Colver, I. D. Applegate,
B. F. Myer, J. G. VanDyke, A. G. Rockfellow,
E. E. Gore, O. C. Applegate, J. C. Tolman,
W. Beeson, Jacob Wagner, L. Wagner.
    We are informed by creditable and irrecusable citizens of this county that one S. Colver and others are, and have been, circulating through this county reports which are totally without foundation, and derogatory to our character as Union men, and it is due to us that we have a copy of these charges made against us, and due to the Union men of Jackson County that they should know, after a fair hearing, whether these charges are true or not, and we challenge investigation.
L. S. Thompson, J. M. Sutton, John S. Love,
N. Langell, C. C. Beekman, C. F. Wilson,
R. S. Dunlap, R. Benedict, Benj. F. Reeser.
Albany Democrat, March 24, 1866, page 3

    RUNAWAY.--Hurrah!--tear--smash--there's a runaway--and helter, skelter go the whole population of a country town. Women, men, dogs and babies in promiscuous confusion. We saw it last Saturday, a genuine runaway of the fastest kind, and thought the whole population had got scared and was on the run, too. Ladies turned white, fat men bounced along like rubber balls, thin men split the wind, squaws blubbered at the impending danger, and we thought the population of our town had increased to about 40,000, dogs included. The scene was on Oregon Street, the principal actors Dean, of Willow Springs, and his horse, and the time made beat lightning. In crossing a deep rut, evidently left by the street commissioner to save men's lives, the horse broke loose from the buggy, Dean went overboard, and the buggy stopped as if nothing had happened. The principal actor, Dean, was thankful that he was not a dead Dean, nor a Sardine, and guess he'd enter that horse for the spring races.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 14, 1866, page 3

    The recent flood in Bear Creek, Jackson County, carried away a portion of the foundation of Mr. Lindley's sawmill at Phoenix, injuring the structure so much that it will have to be rebuilt.
    Mary E. Morgan has been ordered, by the county court of Jackson County, to be sent to the insane asylum. She has been hitherto subject to occasional attacks of insanity, caused by fits of idiocy.
    The Union men of Jackson County are to have a "ratification" today. We learn that they are going into the canvass with spirit, and that Southern Oregon is good for a rousing Union vote.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, April 14, 1866, page 3

    O, YES! TURNER!--TURN OUT.--All those who are in favor of reorganizing a Turnverein Club in Jacksonville are requested to meet upstairs, over Taylor's Livery Stable, on tomorrow at 2 o'clock. Everybody who feels interested in the matter is invited to attend.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, April 28, 1866, page 2

    The Sentinel learns that there has been some heavy robberies in Josephine County. Mr. Crandall, of Waldo, had his safe robbed of about twelve hundred dollars. He was not in the habit of opening his safe every day, and is not certain as to the exact day of the theft. He found the safe locked but the money gone. Mr. Wm. Evans, of Althouse, had his store broken open in his absence, his safe taken out, broken open with a sledgehammer and about two hundred dollars taken out. He had only a few days before taken the remainder of his money to Kerbyville, or it would probably all have been gone. As yet no traces of the burglars can be discovered.
    Messrs. S. Messenger and L. J. C. Duncan, says the Sentinel, went into the mountains one day last week to prospect  quartz ledge. They returned on Wednesday last. Mr. M. informs us that they found the ledge, and gold in it, the only difficulty being the smallness of the ledge. The prospects are going to prospect it more thoroughly, and to do this they will build a small arrastra and grind the rock as they take it out. It will probably pay more than expenses.
    A grizzly lately made a descent on a farm at the mouth of Sterling Creek, Southern Oregon, and killed a cow and calf. A posse went on the hunt of the bold depredator, says the Sentinel, without starting him.
    The road from Crescent City to Jacksonville is now open. Several freight teams recently left Jacksonville for the former place.
    The unterrified Democracy lately formed a club at Phoenix, Jackson County, but were unable to keep the organization alive and gave up the effort.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, April 28, 1866, page 2

    IMPROVEMENT.--Work on the grade of California Street has been commenced. Bradbury & Wade have taken up their pavement and lowered it to the grade.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 5, 1866, page 3

    DIED--May 3rd, at his residence, near Phoenix, Jackson County, Oregon, Rev. S. P. Taylor, aged 65 years.
"City Items," Oregon Herald, Portland, May 12, 1866, page 3

    SOUTHERN OREGON.--We copy the following from the Jacksonville Reporter, of the 5th instant:
    A son of Mr. Horn, who resides on Galls Creek, swallowed a small quantity of lye, yesterday, and died from the effects of it. The boy was sixteen months old.
    The town commissioners passed an ordinance for the repair of the sidewalks on the principal streets so as to conform to a uniform grade, and the work is progressing finely.
    The Good Templars of this district--embracing all the lodges in Rogue River Valley--have concerted arrangements for celebrating the anniversary of the introduction of the order into the state, on the 16th of the present month.
    During the past week the streets of Jacksonville have been blocked up with freight teams, for the first time this season. On Tuesday several teams arrived in town from Red Bluff, heavily laden with merchandise. They were expected to arrive several days sooner, but the state of the roads was so bad that it took them five days to make the trip from Yreka here. On Wednesday teams arrived, ten days from Crescent City, laden with merchandise. The roads between this and the coast are in a very rough condition, making this, the first trip, anything but profitable.
    Fight with Indians.--From a letter received by James Casey, of this place, dated Susanville, April 24th, it appears that the Indians are very troublesome on the other side of the mountains. The troops under Major Smith had a fight with them in Surprise Valley recently, in which eighty of the redskins were killed. But this good whipping does not seem to satisfy them, for they returned soon after and drove off a lot of stock from the settlement. The writer says it is doubtful if it will end there, for they seem determined on further hostilities. The prospects are that there will be a general Indian war all along the frontier this summer.
    The Sentinel says: Thos. Armpriest was arrested on Monday night by City Marshal Banks and fined on Tuesday morning twenty-five dollars, for cruel and inhuman treatment of horses.
    We are informed that the greater part of the fruit in Josephine County has been killed. In some localities it is all dead. In this county, in certain localities, it is greatly injured, especially on the lower part of Rogue River.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, May 14, 1866, page 1

    TELEGRAPH LINE.--We understand that Messrs. Dugan & Wall are making some moves in connection with business men of this place, towards erecting a telegraph line from Crescent City to Jacksonville. We think this is an enterprise which should not be neglected. When this proposed line shall be completed, Crescent City will be in direct communication with San Francisco, beside the incalculable convenience occurring to our own merchants. The line can scarcely fail to be a paying institution. It would not only get the business of this place, Crescent City and San Francisco, but Yreka also, if they change their freight from Red Bluff to Crescent City, which at the present there is a fair prospect for them to do so. We hope to see a nerve of wire stretched from Crescent City to this place, thrilled by an electric current, before October next.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 19, 1866, page 3

    ACCIDENT.--On Friday, 11th instant, William Brigantese, while working in his claim at Jacksonville, was caved on by a bank and buried from his feet to his waist. His partner turned the hydraulic on the debris and sluiced him out almost immediately. His only injury was a broken leg.
Stockton Independent, May 23, 1866, page 2

    The telegraph reports the Jackson County Union nominations as follows:
    "For State Senator, John S. Love; Representatives, Chauncey Nye, E. Walker, Samuel. R. Kyler; County Judge, Orange Jacobs; Sheriff, Wm. Ray; Clerk, Wm. Hoffman; Treasurer, Max Muller."
    We suspect that "Samuel R. Kyler" must be Samuel R. Taylor, the popular miner over on Applegate. This is decidedly one of the ablest tickets ever gotten up in Jackson or any other county. John S. Love, for Senator, is honored, respected and trusted by every man who knows him. He is one of the first settlers in Rogue River Valley, a successful mechanic and prosperous merchant. In politics he is unwavering and always on hand. A host in the contest, and always in the thickest of it, he will infuse into the canvass there such enthusiasm as will certainly ensure success. He is a good thinker, well informed, and the very best representative of the people that could be selected. Chauncey Nye is an old citizen, universally respected, and with large ability to make himself useful to the people as a legislator. He is a farmer--an honest, reliable, patriotic, worthy man, and will do honor to any constituency. Mr. Walker is from the upper part of Rogue River Valley--an enterprising farmer, a good speaker, a man of large legislative ability, and of the strictest integrity and uprightness of motives. If Sam. Taylor is the third representative, we beg leave to say that Sam is the very man to represent the mining interests in the Legislature of Oregon. There are no better man than Sam. Taylor, every way you take him. The nominee for County Judge is about as well and as honorably known as any man in the state. To the duties of that office he will bring the very best legal abilities and practical business experience, with an unblemished reputation for integrity. The other nominees on the ticket are among the best men in the county, and in their hands the business of the county will be perfectly safe.
    Now, the Union Party of Oregon calls on the Union men of Jackson County to lay aside their little differences and go to work to elect that ticket. It would disgrace the county to have so good a ticket if defeated. It can be elected, if every Union man will just consider himself a committee of one to work for its election from now until the polls are closed. Get on your horses, go and see your neighbors, talk to every man, raise an excitement, get the fight up to fever heat. Go and see the "boys," explode all these copperhead humbugs, pull together as one man, and the ticket will be triumphantly elected. Do as John S. Love does: "go after" the voters and get them, and copperheadism can be cleaned out in Jackson County--cleaned to the bedrock.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, May 28, 1866, page 2

    DEMOCRACY AMALGAMATING WITH THE NEGRO.--Eleven Democrats in Oregon have negro wives. On Butte Creek, in Jackson County, six of these Democrats reside, and the country round about there swarms with young mulatto Democrats. Democracy has evidently formed a coalition with the negro to overthrow the white people of this state. At this rate they will soon accomplish by amalgamation what they failed to do by the sword, and completely revolutionize our "cherished institutions." It behooves every lover of his country and every friend of the Caucasian race to vote the Union ticket and assist in putting down this "negro equality" party, which rebelled against its government, made war upon his fellow men, and now sets at defiance the laws of God.--State Journal.
Overland Press, Olympia, Washington, June 2, 1866, page 2

    SOUTHERN OREGON.--The Sentinel of June 4th contains the following:
    Within the past ten days we have been in almost every section of the county, and find that the prospect for large yields of grain was never more favorable. The heavy showers of rain which have fallen in almost every locality will be sufficient to bring the barley, wheat, and oats crops out in their greatest abundance. The corn crop is all that looks anyways bad, and it is thought the cold weather has affected it, and as soon as warm weather comes it will grow with increased vigor. The fruit crop will be large this fall, but probably not as great as last year, as the frost injured the peaches in many localities.
    The newly incorporated company are making arrangements to erect a fine steam quartz mill, near Dardanelles, Jackson County, to work the Swinden ledge. They intend to purchase a mill of the best and latest pattern. This is undoubtedly a rich ledge, and we think the whole enterprise cannot fail to prove a success.
    Mr. Thomas Chavner has made a donation of his bridge across Rogue River, at Dardanelles, to the county, for the free use of its citizens.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 11, 1866, page 1

    JACKSON COUNTY.--The Masonic fraternity of Jacksonville are to have a public celebration on the 24th inst., to close with a ball in the evening.… A quartz mill destined for the Swinden ledge, Jackson County, was shipped from San Francisco on the 5th inst.… A letter from Fort Klamath, dated June 1st, published in the Sentinel, pronounces the report recently published of a raid by the chief Paulina, and the stealing of horses, without foundation. The horses had merely strayed away, and were found and driven back the next day.… Great difficulty was experienced at Butte Creek to get election clerks. It was finally remedied by taking a Union man from the board of judges, and appointing a Democrat in his stead. It is needless to say that the Democratic majority reached the fine figure of forty votes.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 18, 1866, page 3

    GRAPE CULTURE IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--It is a remarkable fact that the people of Southern Oregon, with not less than the usual thrift and enterprise, should not yet have turned their attention to this lucrative and important branch of agriculture. In various localities in this county, we notice with pleasure that many new orchards have been planted during the past spring, but do not hear of the planting of a single vine. Our farmers, and those owning small patches of ground, should take into consideration that the fine is best cultivated on soil, and in situations, that for orchards or cereals are worthless. Experience in the valley of Sonoma has shown that the heavy, rich bottom lands, so peculiarly adapted to grain culture, are but illy adapted to vine raising, and that their proper locality is the apparently barren hills where scarcely a blade of grass was to be found. The finest and most productive vineyard in the state of California is on Wolfskill's ranch, and planted on a loose, barren, decomposed granite. We have hundreds of acres of just such soil in our county--hundreds of acres that are yet open to the occupation of the agriculturist. We have a climate extremely well suited to successful grape growing, and a good market in Northern Oregon and Idaho Territory for every gallon of wine that could possibly be manufactured in this county. It only requires the attention of our people to be turned in this direction, and we predict that the great success from this profitable branch of industry will soon more than compensate us for the annual depletion of our placer mines. We hope our German citizens, who are noted for their thrift, will take this subject into consideration, and invite immigration to occupy and improve the lands which are now lying waste in this portion of the state.--Sentinel.
Oregonian, Portland, June 21, 1866, page 4

    IMPROVEMENTS.--The town of Jacksonville presents quite a lively appearance this summer; all the carpenters and painters are busy at work with hammers, saws and paint brushes. Many of the old buildings are being repaired and painted up, and many new ones will soon be visible. The demand for lumber is so great that all the sawmills are overfull with orders. One brick kiln has already been burned, and another one is on the way. Two lime kilns will be burned this summer. P. J. Ryan is making preparations to build a brick residence on Third Street, between B. F. Dowell's law office and the Express Saloon; B. F. Dowell will commence building an addition to his residence soon; C. W. Savage is building on C Street, between Oregon and Third; Dr. Greenman intends building on the corner of California and Fifth streets; C. F. Wilson will build a carpenter shop this fall on the same block, fronting California Street; Wm. Hoffman has had his old residence torn down, and is building a new residence. The improvements mentioned, together with the many minor ones, such as building fences, grading and repairing sidewalks and streets, etc., give our town a fresh and lively appearance. The country has the same thrifty appearance--new buildings and new fences everywhere show themselves.
Oregon Sentinel,
Jacksonville, June 23, 1866, page 2

    The Turners of Jacksonville have a gymnasium in full blast under the tutelage of John Neuber and Jas. M. Sutton.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 19, 1866, page 2

    The Reporter warmly advocates the organization of a county fair in Jackson County. It is of opinion that a most creditable fair can be gotten up, and promises to do all in its power to further the measure.
    The Lightning quartz lead, says the Jacksonville Sentinel, although as far as prospected, is rich, it does not appear to be so fabulous as represented. The quartz is a kind of porous scoria, with the gold through and around it. The gold is light and porous, and of a dark, dirty color. It is not known certainly the amount which has been taken out, but it is conjectured to be from five to ten thousand dollars. We understand that it is the intention of the owners to build an arrastra for the working of the lead.
    At the regular meeting of the Jacksonville lodge, No. 10, I.O.O.F., held at their hall on Saturday, July 7th, the following officers were installed into their respective chairs: H. Helms, N.G.; H. Duncan, V.G.; Geo. P. Funk, R.S.; S. J. Day, P.S.; M. A. Brentano, Treas.; W. Blecherd, W.; Joseph Wetter, I.G.; Jas. M. Sutton, Con.; John McLaughlin, R.S. to N.G.; A. Jacobs, L.S. to N.G.; J. Titus, R.S. to V.G.; D. Redpath, L.S. to V.G.; P. Fehely, R.S.S.; F. Thellaker, L.S.S.; S. J. Day, Wm. Ray and Geo. P. Funk, Trustees.
    The editor of the Oregon Reporter has seen a specimen of rye, raised on the farm of Mr. Smith on Wolf Creek, the stalks of which, twenty-one on a single root, are nine feet two inches high, and the heads over six inches long. The Reporter adds: The grain crops this year throughout Rogue River Valley will be unusually large--so large, indeed, that one farmer informed us a week ago "that unless a man kept hogs, the more grain he had sown this season, the poorer man he would be." We cannot vouch, however, for the soundness of such logic. Certain it is that flour ought to be very cheap for the next year, and it will be, without doubt.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 18, 1866, page 2

    Every house within the corporate limits of Jacksonville is said to be occupied. Several new buildings are in course of erection to supply the urgent demand for residences.
    The crops in Jackson County are represented to be most beautiful. The greater part of the grain has been cut, and many farmers are engaged in threshing.
    The skeleton of a white man was found near Hopwood's mills in Jackson County a few days since. The body had evidently been buried about three feet deep, in a cramped or doubled position. It was brought to light by the washing away of a ditch bank. The jawbone was broken in two places, indicating a violent death. About three years since a man in that neighborhood disappeared somewhat mysteriously, and it is supposed now that he was murdered and buried to avoid detection, and that the remains found may be his.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, July 25, 1866, page 3

    The town of Jacksonville is said to be looking up; every house is occupied, and many other residences are in process of erection.
Lafayette Courier, August 7, 1866, page 1

    A BIG STEAMBOAT.--The Yreka Journal of August 4th relates the following:
    The citizens of Jacksonville were highly elated upon the auspicious event of a visit from the Commander in Chief of the Pacific, Major General Halleck. Arrangements were made to give the General a grand reception, for which purpose every buggy in town was engaged, not only by Union men, but Copperheads also, as several of the latter were getting rich on Fort Klamath contracts. B. F. Dowell was elected as spokesman, who, in company with the magnificent cortege, met the General at Dardanelles, twelve miles from Jacksonville. After stating the object of their visit to the General and cordially inviting him to a seat in the carriage, without soliciting his staff officers, the General coolly preferred riding in the stage. The discomfited army of reception immediately became demoralized and felt unable to retreat in good order. Some of the party had fast nags and beat the stage into town, but those who drove slow came in on the sly or remained at Dardanelles until after dark. The Reporter got out an extra detailing the exciting affair, and some Fort Klamath Copperhead contractors who got caught in the affair are highly indignant at their own organ making sport of their flunkeyism to Union generals.
Sacramento Daily Union, August 8, 1866, page 2

Selling or Giving Liquor to Miners.
    In Wisconsin it is now a violation of the law for minors to enter a billiard saloon or place where liquor is sold.--Ex.
    We call the attention of our Legislators to the above, and would suggest some such provision on our own statute books. It is obvious that nothing can be learned in such places as will materially benefit our youth, and, on the contrary, much will be learned having a tendency to lead them into a life of depravity and wickedness. In our town, boys may be seen in the saloons, playing cards for whiskey with the gravity of old "sports," and the difficult feat of "turning jack from the bottom" seems to be the height of their juvenile ambition. If there was a penalty against their entering such places, it might better their condition, and could not "worse" it much.
    We clip the above from the Jacksonville Sentinel, We quite agree that "such places" are not fit resorts for our youth, and that what they may learn there will have "a tendency to lead them into a life of depravity and wickedness."
    But we also venture to object to any more legislation on the subject until we see some disposition manifested to enforce that already on the statute book. It is too much the fashion nowadays, whenever any good soul sees any practice or conduct subversive of good morals, to assume that there is no law on the subject, and insist that one shall be made forthwith.
    On page 774 of the laws of Oregon, we find the following section, which, if fairly enforced, would prevent "boys" from "playing cards for whiskey" in or out of a saloon:
    "SEC. 14. That if any person shall sell, give, or cause to be sold or given, any intoxicating liquor to any minor under eighteen years of age in this state, without first obtaining consent of one of such minor's parents or guardians in writing, except for medical or mechanical purposes, such person shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail not less than six months, or both, at the direction of the court. A justice's court has jurisdiction of the crime herein defined."
    If the editor of the Sentinel will call attention to this law, passed October 21, 1864, and endeavor to elevate the sentiment of the community to the point necessary to its strict enforcement, we think he would work more effectively than in calling for more legislative.
    If further legislation is found necessary, it might be as well to begin with the guilty parents who neglect their duty to their children and society by permitting those for whose training they should be responsible to haunt groggeries and "play cards for whiskey."
    The press has a duty to perform in this matter, and we are glad to see the Sentinel giving it attention. But the great necessity upon those subjects is not more legislation, but the execution of the laws we already have. Let the press strive to bring to bear upon district attorneys, grand juries, justices of the peace and others who are charged with seeing that the laws are enforced, a wholesome, determined public sentiment, which will animate and compel, if need be, these persons to do their duty, and take care that the statutes we already have do not remain a dead letter. We have plenty of law, and more lawyers. Our great need is certain and vigilant execution of the laws we have. If our officers will not do this, little good will it do us to pile one dead letter statute upon another. The people must be educated and awakened to a proper sense of the necessity of allowing no man to violate their laws with impunity, and of permitting no officer who connives at such violation, or fails to bring the offender to justice, to have their countenance or support at the polls or elsewhere.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 9, 1866, page 2

    We learn, says the Jacksonville Reporter, that the new quartz mill of the Occidental company, on Jackson Creek, will be completed on or about the 20th of next month, when they will commence crushing rock from the Davenport lead. We hope they may soon crush out a fortune as a fitting reward for their enterprise and energy.
    The millers and farmers of Jackson County held a meeting as per previous call, on the 18th, for the purpose of devising measures to control the prices for grain. A committee of ten men was appointed to draw up an agreement and to further perfect the means of securing the objects of the meeting. The meeting is to be reconvened on the 1st day of September.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 29, 1866, page 3

    Captain Sprague of the Oregon Infantry has been on a recent visit to his home in Jackson County.
    It is expected that Capt. Sprague's company will be mustered out about the first of October.
    A little son of Dr. Davis, aged only two years, fell from the second-story window this week to the ground, and escaped without serious injury, says the Sentinel.
    The Sentinel says: We have in our office a solid block of white oak, evidently taken from the forks of a tree, in which are embedded three points of a deer's antlers. The wood is perfectly sound, and from appearances must have surrounded the horns several hundred years since.
    In Josephine County, the question of annexation to Jackson is being seriously considered. Within the last year the expenses of the former county were $11,595.58, while the receipts were only $10,402.38, making a deficit of $1,192.70.
    On Thursday last, says the Sentinel, a man named Wm. Wells was arrested by Sheriff Owen, charged with stealing a horse from F. A. Smith, of Roseburg, on the night of the 16th inst. He was found at Applegate, with the stolen horse in his possession, and although stoutly declaring that he had obtained the animal at Portland, appearances were so much against him that he was taken to Roseburg in charge of James Baily, who had traced him to this valley.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 30, 1866, page 3

    The Reporter says a new postal and stage route is to be established between Jacksonville and Ruby City, Owyhee, an order of the P.O. Department having issued to that effect.
    A race between the horses "Stonewall" and "Jim Walker," over the Bybee track, Jackson County, Aug. 25th, for $100 a side was won by the former. On the 22nd inst., the victor is to run a match race for $500 with "Fenian Chief"--a single dash of one mile.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 6, 1866, page 2

    BAD STREET.--There is a deep cut across Third Street, above Main, that should be filled up, and as it is rather large to fill by carting dirt, measures should be taken to fill it up by the aid of water. The street commissioner should build a dam across the cut so that the tailings which wash down from above this winter may fill the cut where it crosses the street. The crossing is very bad as it is now, and should not be neglected.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, September 8, 1866, page 2

    We learn from the Reporter that on Friday morning last John Kesler of Sterlingville, Jackson County, was discovered lying upon the bed in his cabin dead, apparently from the effects of a gunshot wound, the ball entering under the chin and coming out at the top of his head. His rifle was lying across the bed, the ramrod lying nearby. It is supposed that he placed the muzzle of the rifle under his chin, and while in that position pressed the trigger with the ramrod. The cabin doors were fastened on the inside. No cause is assigned for the commission of the awful deed.
    The Reporter says that on Friday morning a Chinese burglar was shot at Farmers Flat, Jackson County, under the following circumstances: A German miner whose name is unknown to us was awakened near daylight by a noise in his cabin and starting up discovered a man busily engaged in attempting to open a chest in the cabin. The German instantly seized a shotgun and fired, whereupon the Chinaman ran out of the cabin a short distance and fell. He left his coat, and upon examination it was found to contain a very small, well-contrived dark lantern, a small steel tool for cleaning sluices, skeleton keys and various other articles of the burglar's trade. It is supposed that the robber will die of his wounds.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 12, 1866, page 2

    HENRY DENLINGER, the gentleman who brought Dennis O'Meara to think of his "latter end," in a street fight in Jacksonville some years ago, was married at Portland on the 6th inst. to Miss Humphrey of Salem.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, September 15, 1866, page 3

    The Sentinel has an article on the quartz interests of Jackson County from which we extract: Early last spring, Col. Drew, being in San Francisco, represented to various parties what we had up here in the shape of quartz, and the want of proper machinery to work it, and that in his opinion and in that of others a first-class mill, well built, and of the best known pattern, would be a success. The result was Mr. Hogan, a practical mill man, and one who has had experience in quartz mining, came up from San Francisco early in the season. After looking about for several weeks he came to the conclusion that a mill would do well here. Steps were immediately taken to form a mill company, which in due time resulted favorably, and the "Occidental Quartz Mill Company" was organized. This company immediately proceeded to work, and after various hindrances the mill has been placed on the Davenport lead, on Jackson Creek, and is almost ready to commence running; probably steam will be raised on Monday next. A finer piece of machinery we never have seen. Everything about the engine and mill is of the most approved patterns and styles. The engine is 24 horsepower, running five stamps and two concentrators--Hungerford's Improved Prater Patent. Everything about the mill is in tiptop order, and everything needed for running is at hand. Water runs into the mill from ditches on the sidehill above; wood will not have to be drawn forty yards, and the quartz will be taken from the mouth of the tunnel to the mill in cars, a distance of about 150 feet.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 27, 1866, page 2

    A WARNING.--John Weise had been missing grapes from his vineyard, and accordingly determined to guard over it. On Tuesday night, about ten o'clock, he saw someone enter with the intent--as was soon apparent--to get grapes. John blazed away with his shotgun and brought down one Long, an intimate acquaintance. Long denies emphatically that a theft was intended, but that as he had been out walking he thought no harm would be done if he helped himself to a bunch of grapes. Some ten duck shot took effect where the pants are largest. The wounded man will recover.--Jacksonville (Oregon) Sentinel.
Marysville Daily Appeal, Marysville, California, November 8, 1866, page 3

    The Jacksonville post office has been designated as a money order office.
    An Irishman, named Wilson, has been sent to the insane asylum from Jackson County.
    A man at Jacksonville, while in the act of foraging on his neighbor's vineyard recently, was shot by the owner in that region of the person where Jimmy O'Meara received the pistol ball fired by Denlinger.
    On Thursday night last, says the Sentinel, a difficulty occurred between T. H. B. Shipley and Alf. Owen, and in the fracas Shipley stabbed Owen in the side--the knife, ranging up, broke off at the handle. The wounded man will recover.
    We are most happy, says the Jacksonville Reporter, to note the rapid strides made by our citizens in the way of improving our little town. During our absence buildings have sprung up like mushrooms and others have been enlarged and embellished, while several new business houses have started into life. Truly Jacksonville is the "live" town of the state.
    The following is a copy of a letter from Capt. Sprague to the Sentinel dated Fort Klamath, Oct. 30th: "Lieut. Oatman returned today; went to Camp Bidwell; was joined by some troops under Lieut. Small, 1st U.S. Cav.; went thence to Lake Abert; found a camp of Snake Indians; fought them; killed fourteen, that were found, but suppose that they must have killed more that were not found; run the Indians into a cave; could not get them out, but destroyed their winter quarters and subsistence. He had some Klamath Indians with him, who behaved splendidly and fought like tigers. All concerned deserve great credit."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 9, 1866, page 2

    IMPUDENT.--As our deputy sheriff, who is just recovering from a severe spell of sickness, was driving out one day this week. He came upon a Celestial "fellow citizen." The Chinaman instantly recognized him as the tax collector, and accosted him as follows: "Tom, long time me no see you; me sabby you been sick; me wishee by d----d you die--you no more catchy taxy."
    "Tom" responded to this not very congratulatory remark by making a not overgentle reach at him with his whip, which will probably cause John to be a little more prudent about expressing himself hereafter.--Oregon Reporter.
Shasta Courier, Shasta City, California, November 10, 1866, page 3

    The Sentinel urges the people of Southern Oregon to engage in the culture of sorghum as a crop to which the soil and climate of that part of the state are peculiarly adapted.
    C. E. Chappell, of Jackson County, has discovered an old channel of Applegate Creek, about half a mile distant from the present one. The prospects obtained from it are very rich. One piece weighed eleven dollars.
    The man Sherman, who was some time ago severely injured by a grizzly bear at Willow Springs, after recovering, went after his adversary a few days ago, and succeeded in killing him. He was a huge grizzly, weighing nearly twelve hundred pounds.
"State Items," Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 19, 1866, page 2

    SISKIYOU.--The Humboldt Times says:
    "The following extract from the Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon, by Geo. Gibbs, has been handed us by a friend:
    "'Sis-ki-you, Cree (Anderson)--A bob-tailed horse.' this name, ludicrous enough, has been bestowed on the range of mountains separating Oregon and California, and also on a county in the latter state. The origin of this designation, as related to me by Mr. Anderson, was as follows: Mr. Archibald R. McLeod, a Chief Factor of the Hudson's Bay company, in the year 1828, while crossing the mountains with a pack train, was overtaken by a snowstorm, in which he lost most of his animals, including a noted bob-tailed race horse. His Canadian followers, in compliment to their chief, or 'bourgeois,' named the place the Pass of Siskiyou--an appellation subsequently adopted as the veritable Indian name of the locality, and thence extended to the whole range and the adjoining district."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, November 19, 1866, page 4

    Mr. B. F. Dowell, of Jackson County, started last week for Washington City on business.
    Dr. Ganung, of Jacksonville, has been appointed post surgeon at Fort Klamath.
    D. M. C. Gault has assumed the editorial charge of the Jacksonville Sentinel. He makes a good paper.
    From information from all parts of the state, says the Sentinel, we think we are safe in saying that there is not a county that leads Jackson in the amount and value of improvements among the farming community. On all sides are to be seen new fences and new buildings. The farmers are not only taking more land within their enclosures, but are repairing their old fences. Nor does the spirit of improvement stop there; but new and improved farming implements are being added to the former supply of tools. Aside from quite a number of harvesting machines, we hear of farmers supplying themselves with subsoil plows and cultivators. When we see such substantial progress among the farmers, we are certain that we are on the sure road to prosperity.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 1, 1866, page 2

    Mr. D. M. C. Gault has assumed the chair editorial of the Jacksonville Sentinel.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, December 3, 1866, page 2

    The Sentinel says much attention is being given by the farmers of Jackson County to repairing their farms and enlarging the area of their cultivated lands. The town of Phoenix is reported to be more lively in business than it has been for many months. Jas. R. Pool has surveyed off several blocks of land and subdivided them into lots convenient for building purposes on the east side of the town of Jacksonville. The Odd Fellows' Hall in Jacksonville is undergoing extensive repairs. The lodge of that place own a large two-story brick building.
"Oregon," Oregon City Enterprise, December 8, 1866, page 2

    DR. GANUNG, of Jacksonville, has been appointed Post Surgeon at Fort Klamath.
Oregon State Journal, Eugene, Oregon, December 8, 1866, page 2

    The name of the Oregon Reporter will be changed on the 5th of January to the Southern Oregon Press. No other changes are promised in the paper.
    Two large bucks were lately found in Jackson County with their horns firmly locked together. One of the animals was dead and the other was nearly exhausted by being compelled to drag his vanquished adversary with him wherever he went. The horns are so tightly locked together that they cannot be separated without breaking them.
    An unaccountable explosion occurred at Jacksonville a few days ago at the drug store of Savage & Sutton. Mr. Sutton was engaged in filling and cleansing the coal oil lamps of the establishment, as usual, when one that had been just filled and put in its place exploded with a loud crash, bursting completely in to fragments and even destroying the China smoke cap hanging over the chimney. Had the lamp been lighted the explosion might have been explained more easily, but as it was not, it seems difficult to account for it.
    The Sentinel learns from Lieut. Oatman, lately from Fort Klamath, that there was about twenty inches of snow there when he left, and it was still falling rapidly. The boys were in high spirits at the prospect of being relieved from the tedium of garrison duty and a speedy return to their homes and usual avocations. Subsequent information induces us to believe that Company "I" will remain at Fort Klamath and not be relieved by the 8th cavalry, as heretofore stated, that company having returned to Vancouver.
    The Sentinel learns through the postmaster at Crescent City that J. B. Wilson was the name of the person recently murdered near that place. He had been missing since November 9th, and when last seen had a gold watch and some money in his possession, which is supposed to be the object for which the crime was perpetrated. The body was found on the 28th ultimo, concealed among some logs near the school house. The name of one of the parties arrested is Michael Hays, formerly a soldier at Camp Lincoln. The other, Wm. Foley, was arrested at Happy Camp, as an accessory after the fact.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, December 21, 1866, page 2

    CHANGE OF TITLE.--The Oregon Reporter will, on the 5th of January, change its name to the Southern Oregon Press.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, December 24, 1866, page 2

Last revised May 20, 2023