The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Rogue Valley Directory, 1876-78

    Althouse, Josephine Co, PO address, Kerbyville, 15 miles southeast of Kerbyville, on Althouse Creek, is a noted mining locality of Southern Oregon. The placers were discovered early in 1853 [sic], and a great rush of miners took place. The mines were exceedingly rich, and many large fortunes were the result of the venture. Sailor Diggings, as a portion of the mining settlement was called, became famous. The creek takes its rise In the Siskiyou Mountains, and runs northerly, forming one of the tributaries of the Illinois, which flows through a fertile valley to the ocean. The principal mining operations at present are confined to the bed of the
stream, which is turned by expensive tunnels through projecting points of the mountains. For some years past the mining has been mostly conducted by Chinese, but white labor with the aid of capital and enterprise is again getting control. The annual product is about $40,000, but with the improved systems now in use in California, it is believed the returns will be greatly increased. Valuable copper veins have been found in the vicinity, but are not extensively worked at present.
Beach & Plattee, general merchandise and butchers
Brown James R, liquor saloon
Delamater & Bro, general merchandise
Evans William M, general merchandise
Leonard Lawrence, general merchandise
[page 512]

    Applegate, Jackson Co, PO 14 miles sw of Jacksonville.
Benedict Royal, hotel
Bolt John, general merchandise
Cameron & Hayden, general merchandise
Pearson John C, postmaster
Sturgis Alfred, general merchandise
[page 512]

    Ashland, Jackson Co, PO 18 miles se of Jacksonville, on the stage road between the termini of the California and Oregon, and the Oregon and California railroads. Among the many pleasant, prosperous and healthy towns of Oregon, few can claim precedence of this. The scenery is fine, the soil fertile and the water pure and sparkling. Here is the seat of the Ashland Academy, a flourishing institution of 200 pupils. Ashland Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, furnishes an abundant water power, which is here appropriated for the propulsion of extensive machinery used in the manufacture of woolen goods, flour, lumber, etc. Marble of an excellent quality is found nearby, and is here prepared for various purposes.
Bower F D, butcher
Brown Mrs, millinery
Chapman Daniel, butcher
Chitwood J H, physician
Coolidge O, nursery
DePeatt Edward, shoemaker
Eubank & Co, blacksmiths
Gillette A V, lumber manufacturer
Hargadine Robert B, general merchandise
Helman Abel D, postmaster and stationer
Houck Jasper, hotel
Inlow H T. physician
Kenton William, wheelwright
Marsh & Co, cabinetmakers
Marshall, lumber manufacturer
Marshall & Goodchilds, proprietors Ashland Woolen Mills
McCall J M & Co, general merchandise and flour manufacturers
Mickelson M, blacksmith
Miller L S P, carpenter
Myer B F, deputy mineral surveyor
Reeser B F, hardware, stoves and tinware
Russell J H, marble works
Skidmore J H, principal Ashland Academy
Stephenson George, livery and feed stable
Tolman James C, tanner
Wagner, Anderson & Co, proprietors Ashland Flouring Mills
Watson C B & Co, drugs and medicines
Watt & Klum, harness and saddlery 
[page 512]

    Barron, Jackson Co, PO.
Tyler James, postmaster
[page 515]

    Brownsboro, Jackson Co, PO 20 miles e [sic] of Jacksonville.
Brown Robert H, postmaster
Brown & Bro, general merchandise
Pool Arthur, blacksmith
Powell Samuel, wagonmaker
Sutherland William, hotel
[page 516]

    Browntown, Josephine Co, PO address, Kerbyville, 15 miles sw of Kerbyville.
De Lamater Newell, general merchandise
[page 516]

    Central Point, Jackson Co, PO 7 miles ne of Jacksonville.
Magruder Brothers, general merchandise
Magruder Constantine, postmaster
McKenzie & Amy, flour manufacturers
[page 517]

    Dog Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Slate Creek, 25 miles nw of Kerbyville.
White Samuel, general merchandise
[page 522]

    Eagle Mills, Jackson Co, PO address Ashland, 20 miles se of Jacksonville.
Farnham Allen F, flour manufacturer
[page 523]

    Eagle Point, Jackson Co, PO 18 miles ne of Jacksonville.
Daley & Emery, flour manufacturers
Mathews D P, blacksmith
McNeil Andrew, postmaster and wagonmaker
[page 523]

    Evans Creek, Jackson Co, PO address, Rock Point, 18 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Jacobs E, general merchandise
Weiss Christopher, hotel
[page 525]

    Galice Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Slate Creek, 30 miles nw of Kerbyville.
Sanders Charles, general merchandise
[page 525]

    Grants Pass, Jackson Co, PO 28 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Dimmick Ebenezer, postmaster and hotel
Magruder & Bros, general merchandise
Tuff James, blacksmith
[page 526]

    Grave Creek, Josephine Co (See Leland).
[page 526]

Jackson County. Bounded north by Douglas and Wasco, east by Lake, south by the state of California, and west by Josephine. Area, 4,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1873, $1,827,971. Population, 5,000. County seat, Jacksonville. Principal towns: Ashland, Rock Point, Phoenix, Sterling, Uniontown, and Willow Springs. The county has recently been divided, the portion east of the Cascade Range being formed into Lake County. The whole region is considerably elevated, and is diversified with lofty mountains, deep cañons and fertile valleys. Rogue River and its many branches have their sources in the Cascade Range, and gathering from numerous valleys of this picturesque and extensive basin, break through the Coast Mountains to the sea. This basin is one of the valuable agricultural sections of the state, being one of the great valleys of Western Oregon, and is well adapted to the culture of grains and fruits. The mild climate is favorable to every class of agriculture and pastoral life, as seldom are the winters so severe as to require the feeding of cattle or sheep. As a mining county, it has ranked with the best of California, gold having been discovered on Jackson Creek in 1850 [sic], subsequently on other streams, and mined with great success. Many millions of dollars have been added to the world's treasures from its placers, and the quartz veins, the sources of the supply, are yet almost untouched. The rapidly falling streams furnish unlimited power for machinery, which is in places applied to various manufactures. At Ashland is an extensive woolen mill and other manufacturing establishments.
    Officers: E. B. Watson, County Judge; E. D. Foudray, Clerk, and Recorder; H. K. Hanna, District Attorney; J. W. Manning, Sheriff, and Tax Collector; Kaspar Kubil, Treasurer; William M. Childers, Assessor; Eli Mason, Surveyor; H. T. Inlow, Coroner; H. C. Fleming, Superintendent Public Schools.
[page 528]

    Jacksonville, Jackson Co., PO, Incorporated city of 800 inhabitants, and county seat, the principal town of Southern Oregon, is situated on Jackson Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, and is the center of trade of that noble valley. Gold was found here in 1850 [sic], largely remunerating the labor of its extraction, and, as a consequence, a large and busy place was built up. The mines of this section of the state are of a permanent character, and this, added to the great agricultural capacity of the surrounding country, as well as the fact of its being on the stage and chiefly traveled route between California and Oregon, have continued its prosperity. Quartz mining is attracting the attention of capitalists much more than formerly, and gold- and silver-bearing ledges of great value nave been found in various parts of the county. These being of recent discovery are but little developed, but great worth is claimed for them. Veins of copper and magnetic iron also exist, but await development. The institutions of learning are of a high character, and both private and public schools are well maintained. Church organizations of the various religious societies are established, and fine church edifices adorn the town. Two weekly newspapers, the Oregon Sentinel and Democratic Times, are published, and schools and churches may be taken as the best evidences of the cultivation and refinement of the people.
Badger John L, wagonmaker
Beall & Obenchain, butchers
Beekman C C, banker and agent Wells, Fargo & Co
Bell J R N Rev, clergyman (Meth)
BELT J C, physician
Bilger John, stoves and tinware, etc
Blanchet F X Rev, clergyman (RC)
BOYER JOHN A, general merchandise
Britt Peter, photographer
Brooks E C, watchmaker and jeweler
Brooks & Reick, drugs and medicines
Callender & Matthias, physicians
Carter John L & Son, carriage, house and sign painters
Caton Milo, shoemaker
Chambers William Mrs, dressmaker
Coleman Lippman C, general merchandise
CRONEMILLER DAVID, blacksmith and wagonmaker
Crystal G W, blacksmith
Danforth Lucius, physician
DEMOCRATIC TIMES, Charles Nickell, proprietor
Donegan Patrick, blacksmith and plow maker
DOWELL B F, attorney at law and proprietor Oregon Sentinel
Dowell & Kelly, attorneys at law
DRUM JAMES, general merchandise
Fenton M E J Mrs, millinery
Fisher & Caro, general merchandise
Frey George W, boots and shoes
Hall & Smith, cabinetmakers and planing mill
Hanna H K, attorney at law
Hayden U S, general merchandise
Hoffman William, notary public and conveyancer
Holt G W, brick layer and plasterer
Holt Jeanne Mme, hotel and restaurant
Horne Louis, proprietor Union Hotel
Howard James S, mining surveyor
Hunt J T, carriage and wagonmaker
Jackson William, dentist
Jacobs E, general merchandise and furniture
Judge & Nunan, harness and saddlery
Kahler Robert, drugs and medicines
Kahler & Watson, attorneys at law
Karewski Gustav, general merchandise
Kelly H, attorney at law
Kreuzer William, bakery
Kubli Kaspar, general merchandise
Kubli & Wilson, livery and feed stable
Langell N, shoemaker
Linn David, furniture, sash, door and blind manufacturer
Luy Frederick, boots and shoes
Manning & Ish, livery and sale stable
McCain J S Rev, clergyman (Meth)
McCully Mollie Miss, private school
Meier Jacob, wagonmaker
Mensor Morris, general merchandise
Miller John, guns and hardware
Muller Max, postmaster
Neuber John, watches, jewelry and fancy goods
NICKELL CHARLES, propr Democratic Times
Nolan John, liquor saloon
OREGON SENTINEL, B F Dowell proprietor.
Orth John, butcher
Pape Henry, liquor saloon
Prim P P, attorney-at-law
Reames Bros, general merchandise
Robb B, drugs and medicines, books and stationery
Ryan Patrick J, general merchandise
Sachs Benjamin, books, stationery and varieties
Sachs Bros, general merchandise
Schumpf George, barber
Schutz Veit, brewery
SMITH GEORGE W, watchmaker and jeweler
Solomon Louis, general merchandise
St Mary's Academy, The Sisters of the Holy Names
Stanley W J, teacher
Starr Noah Rev, clergyman (Meth)
Stinson J H, attorney at law
Stohl James Rev, clergyman (Meth South)
Taylor S R, auctioneer
Webb & Jones, billiard and liquor saloon
Wetterer Joseph, brewery
Williams M A Rev, clergyman (Cong)
Wintjen & Helms, liquor saloon
[page 528]


Josephine County. Bounded north by Douglas, east by Jackson, south by the State of California, and west by Curry. Area, 2,500 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1873, $268,494. Population, 1,500. County seat, Kerbyville. Principal towns: Althouse, Slate Creek, Waldo, Williamsburg and Wolf Creek. The county is hilly, in some parts mountainous, with small valleys of rich alluvial soil. The Rogue River range of mountains runs along the northern border, with the river of the same name at the base. The Illinois, the principal affluent of Rogue River, rises in the southern hills, and flows northerly through the county to the main stream. Upon the upper branches of this river are gold mines of extraordinary richness; and many fine fortunes, giving comfort and luxury to people in distant lands, were obtained from the placers of Applegate, Althouse, Josephine Creek, Sailor Diggings, and other mining localities of this county. The section, including Jackson and Douglas counties, for a number of years labored under the disadvantage of a murderous Indian war, under which fell some of the bravest and most enterprisinelligence and bravery and made a most vigorous war against settlers and soldieg pioneers, and others were compelled to leave. The Rogue River Indians, who occupied the country, were distinguished for their robust health, stalwart forms, intrs. The land so bravely defended, and the scene of so much strife and bloodshed, is now freed from the savage foe, and is devoted to peaceful pursuits. When opened to the world by easy means of transportation, the resources will be developed, and great prosperity will surely result therefrom. Noticeable among its means of wealth are the massive veins of copper ore found in the hills in the vicinity of the Illinois River, which at some day will make the county famous.
    Officers: M. F. Baldwin, County Judge; Charles Hughes, Clerk; H. K. Hanna, District Attorney; Daniel L. Green, Sheriff and Tax Collector; William Naucke, Treasurer; John Howell, Assessor; B. F. Sloan, Superintendent Public Schools.
[page 529]

    Jump Off Jo, Jackson Co, PO address, Leiand, Josephine Co, 35 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Emeric Joseph, blacksmith
Neeley James, lumber manufacturer
Sexton David H, hotel
[page 529]

    Kerbyville, Josephine Co, PO and county seat, two hundred and fifty miles sw of Salem, is on the east side of the Illinois River, in the small but fertile valley of that name, and enjoys some trade with the surrounding mining camps. The locality is difficult of access, being surrounded by high and rugged mountains; but the scenery is romantic and attractive; the native wealth of the county is of the grandest character; and to await its development the people are willing to remain shut out from the great world,. in confidence of future prosperity.
Naucke William, general merchandise
Rider M, hotel
Sawyer Samuel M, postmaster and general merchandise
Sifers James B, flour manufacturer 
[page 529]

    Leland, Josephine Co, PO 42 miles nw of Kerbyville.
Harkness Samuel, postmaster, hotel and general merchandise
Hopkins James A, blacksmith
[page 531]

    Louse Creek, Jackson Co, PO address, Grants Pass, 31 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Kahler William, hotel and blacksmith
[page 532]

    Murphy, Josephine Co, PO.
Park Ephraim, postmaster
[page 534]

    Phoenix, Jackson Co, PO 8 miles se of Jacksonville.
Anderson D P, livery stable
Cohn S, general merchandise
Dunlap A, blacksmith
Lavenburg D, hotel
Reames Thomas G, postmaster
Reames & Sachs, general merchandise
Wimer & Co, flour manufacturers
[page 537]

    Rock Point, Jackson Co, PO 13 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Colvig William L, physician
Haymond Benjamin, postmaster
Haymond & Magruder, general merchandise
Hoye J Willis, blacksmith
Shultz Abraham, blacksmith
White Lytle J, hotel
[page 545]

    Sams Valley, Jackson Co, 15 miles n of Jacksonville.
Morgan Edwin, postmaster
[page 547]

    Slate Creek, Josephine Co, PO 13 miles n of Kerbyville.
Knight J P, postmaster, pump manufacturer and hotel
Wilder A M, hotel and blacksmith
[page 548]

    Sucker Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Kerbyville, 8 miles se of Kirbyville,
Leonard Lawrence, general merchandise
[page 549]

    Uniontown, Jackson Co, PO address Applegate, 10 miles s of Jacksonville.
Hayden & Cameron, general merchandise
Sturgis A W, general merchandise
[page 551]

    Waldo, Josephine Co, PO 11 miles sw of Kerbyville.
Briggs George E, hotel
Brigham Frank, liquor saloon
Gasquet H, proprietor Crescent Citv Express
Griffith C, proprietor Jacksonville Express
Hartson Charles, hotel
Mcllwaine A B, postmaster, notary public and general merchandise
Simmons George, blacksmith
Thompson Isaac, general merchandise and livery stable
[page 551]

    Williamsburg, Josephine Co, PO address Applegate, 20 miles e of Kerbyville.
Layton John T, general merchandise
[page 552]

    Willow Springs, Jackson Co, PO 6 miles n of Jacksonville.
Bilger William, general merchandise
Kellogg Julius T, postmaster and blacksmith
[page 552]

    Wolf Creek, Josephine Co, PO address Leland, 45 miles n of Kerbyville.
Smith Henry, general merchandise and blacksmith
[page 552]

Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875

Last revised May 5, 2020