The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Rogue Valley Business Directory 1871-73

With the Location, Name of Mill, Date of Erection, Number of Stamps, Cost of Machinery, and the Director's or Owner's Name of Each.
Location Name
of Mill
Power Cost Present
Applegate Steamboat 1860   4 3 water   8,000  Fowler & Co.
Dardanelles Occidental 1866 10 2 steam   1,200  Hogan & Co.
Jackson Creek Hopkins 1860   5 1 steam   8,000  Hopkins & Co.
Jackson Creek Johnson's 1862 2 water   4,000  Johnson & Co.
Rogue River Jewett's 1861   5 steam 10,000  Bybee & Co.
Sterling Ives 1865 1 horse       500  Porter Ives
Thompson Creek Thompson Ck. 1865 4 water   1,500  Morris & Co.
Enterprise Enterprise 1865 10 2 water 18,000  ----- Cohen
[page 117]

With the Location, Name, Run of Stone, the Capacity per Day, Power Used, Cost or Valuation, and Occupant's Name of Each.
Location Name of Mill No.
Power Cost Present Occupants
Ashland Ashland 2 30 water   9,000   Wagner, McCall & Co.
Bear Creek Eagle 2 40 water   8,000
Bear Creek Washington 1 20 water   6,000
Butte Creek Union 1 30 water   5,000
Phoenix Valley 2 50 water 12,000   Wimer & Sons
Kerbyville 1 30 water   J. B. Sifers
[page 118]
With the Location, Name of Mill, Capacity, Cost, Occupant's' Name, etc., of Each.
Location Name of Mill No.
per Day
Power Cost Present Occupants
Applegate Creek Wells' 1 2,500 water 2,000
Ashland Creek Hargadine 1 2,000 water 2,000
Ashland Creek Helman's 1 1,000 water    800
Butte Creek Sutherland 1 2,000 water 2,000
Bear Creek Lindley's 1 2,000 water 2,000
Bear Creek Wells' 1 1,000 water    800
Jacksonville Burroughs' 1 6,000 steam 5,000
Pleasant Creek Hopwood 1 2,000 water 2,000
Jumpoff Joe water     ------ Eaton
Waldo water     A. B. McIlwain
[page 121]
Althouse, Josephine Co, PO address, Waldo, 15 miles se of Kerbyville, on Althouse Creek, is a noted mining locality of Southern Oregon. The placers were discovered early in 1853 [sic], and a great rush of miners took place. The mines were exceedingly rich, and many large fortunes were the result of the venture. Sailor Diggings, as a portion of the mining settlement was called, became famous. The creek takes its rise in the Siskiyou Mountains, and runs northerly, forming one of the tributaries of the Illinois, which flows through a fertile valley to the ocean. The principal mining operations at present are confined to the bed of the stream, which is turned by expensive tunnels through projecting points of the mountains. Valuable copper veins have been found in the vicinity, but are not extensively worked at present.
Evans William M, general merchandise
[page 310]


Applegate, Jackson Co., PO 12 miles sw of Jacksonville.
Benedict Royal, hotel proprietor
Cameron Thomas (Uniontown), general merchant
Kafader John, blacksmith
Kubli Kaspar, postmaster and general merchandise
Sturges Albert, general merchandise
[page 310]


Ashland, Jackson Co., PO address, Ashland Mills, 18 miles se of Jacksonville, on the stage road from Sacramento to Portland. Ashland Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, furnishes an abundant water power, which is here appropriated for the propulsion of extensive machinery used in the manufacture of woolen goods, flour, lumber, etc. Marble of an excellent quality is found nearby, and is here prepared for various purposes.
Barron H F, hotel proprietor
Baur Francis, butcher
BLAKE & EMERY, joiners and cabinet makers
Caro I & Co, general merchandise
EMERY E, proprietor Ashland Hotel
EMERY E & H S, clothing, dry goods and general merchandise
Hargadine R B, general merchandise
Helman Abel D, postmaster
INLOW H T, physician
Kentnor W W, wagonmaker
McCALL J M, agent Western Pacific Telegraph Co
MICKELSON MICHAEL, blacksmith and proprietor patent plow
Patterson & Farlow, blacksmiths
Rogue River Valley Woolen Manufacturing Co, J.M McCall, President
Russell J M, proprietor marble works
Songer W F, livery and feed stable
Tolman J C, tanner and stock raiser
WAGNER, McCALL & CO, proprietors grist mill
Whitmore S D, harness and saddlery
[page 310]


Browntown, Josephine Co, PO address, Kerbyville, 15 miles sw of Kerbyville.
Evans William M, general merchandise
[page 313]


Galice Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Slate Creek, 16 miles n of Kerbyville.
Adams J G, general merchandise
[page 320]


Grants Pass, Jackson Co, PO 24 miles nw of Jacksonville.
Dimmick E, hotel proprietor and postmaster
Magruder C & Bro, general merchandise
Taylor D H, harness and saddlery
[page 321]


Grave Creek, Josephine Co (See Leland).
[page 321]


Jackass Creek, Jackson Co, PO address, Jacksonville.
McKee John, blacksmith
[page 321]


JACKSON COUNTY. Bounded north by Douglas and Wasco, east by Grant, south by the state of California, and west by Josephine. Area, 11,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1869, $1,023,814. County seat Jacksonville. Principal towns: Ashland and Applegate. The county embraces every variety of soil, climate, and resource within its limits, extending from the valley of Rogue River on the west far into the basin east of the Cascades. The eastern portion is of the lake country, much of it being desert and of but little value, and in the west is the large and fertile valley of Rogue River. The whole region is considerably elevated, and is diversified with lofty mountains, broad lakes, and fertile valleys. Rogue River and its many branches have their sources in the Cascade Range, and gathering from numerous valleys of this picturesque and extensive basin, break through the Coast Mountains to the sea. This basin is one of the valuable agricultural sections of the state, being one of the great valleys of Western Oregon. As a mining county, it has ranked with the best of California, gold having been discovered on Jackson Creek in 1850 [sic], subsequently on other streams, and mined with great success. Many millions of dollars have been added to the world's treasures from its placers, and the quartz veins, the sources of the supply, are yet almost untouched. The rapidly falling streams furnish unlimited power for machinery, which is in places applied to various manufactures. At Ashland is an extensive woolen mill and other manufacturing establishments.
    Officers: T H B Shipley, County Judge; Silas J Day, Clerk; H K Hanna, District Attorney; Iſenry Klippel, Sheriff; John Neuber, Treasurer; David Redpath, Assessor; James S Howard, Surveyor; L Ganung, Coroner; Wm M Turner, Superintendent Public Schools.
[page 321]


Jackson Creek, Jackson Co, PO address, Jacksonville.
Meyers J D, liquors
[page 322]


Jacksonville, Jackson Co, PO, incorporated city, and county seat, the principal town of Southern Oregon, is situated on Jackson Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, and is the center of trade of that noble valley. Gold was found here in 1850 [sic], largely remunerating the labor of its extraction, and as a consequence a large and busy place was built up. The mines of this section of the state are of a permanent character, and this, added to the great agricultural capacity of the surrounding country, as well as the fact of its being on the stage and chiefly traveled route between California and Oregon, have continued its prosperity. The institutions of learning are of a high character, and both private and public schools are well maintained. Church organizations of the various religious societies are established, and fine church edifices adorn the town. Two weekly newspapers, the Sentinel and Democratic News, are published, and schools and churches may be taken as the best evidences of the cultivation and refinement of the people.
Alderson C Rev, clergyman (Methodist)
Baum Morris, general merchandise
Beekman C C, banker, and agent Wells, Fargo & Co
Bilger John, stoves, tinware, paints, oils, etc
Blanchet F X Rev, clergyman (RC)
Blecher Henry, butcher
Bond M, general merchandise
BOYER WILLIAM, groceries, tobacco, and produce
BREITBARTH H A, billiard saloon
BRENTANO M A, saloon
Britt P, photographer
DAVIS L T, physician
DEMOCRATIC NEWS, P D Hull publisher
Donegan Patrick, blacksmith
Douglass W B, drugs and books
DOWELL B F, attorney at law and publisher Oregon Sentinel
Fisher & Bro, general merchandise
Fay J D, attorney at law
Fisher & Bros, dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes
Ganung L, physician
Giannini Th, butcher
GUILFOYLE JEANNE MME, proprietress Franco American Hotel and Restaurant
Glenn James T, general merchandise
Greenman E H, physician
Heitshu S, apothecary
HOFFMAN & KLIPPEL, hardware, tinware, etc
Horn L, hotel proprietor
HULL P D, publisher Democratic News
Jackson William, dentist
Kahler C W, attorney at law
KAREWSKI G, general merchandise
Kreuzer William, general merchandise
Kritzner John, carpenter
Langell Nathaniel, boot and shoe maker
Levi Johanna Mrs, groceries and provisions
LUY FREDERICK, boot and shoe maker
Linn & Hall, carpenters and furniture dealers
Mensor Morris, general merchandise
MILLER & SHANNON, blacksmiths
Miller J, gunsmith, harness and saddlery
Myer Jacob, wagonmaker
Neil J R, attorney at law
Neuber J, tobacco, jewelry, fancy goods, and watches
Oliver G W, wagonmaker
OREGON SENTINEL. B F Dowell, publisher
Overbeck A, B, physician and druggist
PAPE & SAVAGE, billiard saloon
Plymale & Manning, livery stable
Reames & Wilson, livery and sale stable
Ryan P J, general merchandise
Sachs Bros, general merchandise
Salomon Lewis, groceries and provisions
Schutz Veit, brewery
SMITH EDWIN, contractor and door, sash and window manufacturer
St Mary's Academy, Sister Francis superioress
Sutton J. M., postmaster and news agent
Tolman George B, physician
ULLMAN ANTON, varieties
Walters John, liquors and bakery
Watson E B, attorney at law
Wetterer Joseph, proprietor Eagle Brewery
Williams M A Rev, clergyman (Presbyterian)
Wintjen & Helms, liquors
Wolfer & Kessner, liquors
[page 322]


JOSEPHINE COUNTY. Bounded north by Douglas, east by Jackson, south by the state of California, and west by Curry. Area, 1,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1869, $212,553. County seat, Kerbyville. The county is hilly, in some parts mountainous, with small valleys of rich alluvial soil. The Rogue River range of mountains runs along the northern border, with the river of the same name at the base. The Illinois, the principal affluent of Rogue River, rises in the southern hills, and flows northerly through the county to the main stream. Upon the upper branches of this river are gold mines of extraordinary richness; and many fine fortunes, giving comfort and luxury to people in distant lands, were obtained from the placers of Applegate, Althouse, Josephine Creek, Sailor Diggings, and other mining localities of this county. The section, including Jackson and Douglas counties, for a number of years labored under the disadvantage of a murderous Indian war, under which fell some of the bravest and most enterprising pioneers--and others were compelled to leave. The Rogue River Indians, who occupied the country, were distinguished for their robust health, stalwart forms, intelligence, and bravery--and made a most vigorous war against settlers and soldiers. The land so bravely defended, and the scene of so much strife and bloodshed, is now freed from the savage foe, and is devoted to peaceful pursuits. When opened to the world by easy means of transportation the resources will be developed, and great prosperity will surely result therefrom. Noticeable among its means of wealth are the massive veins of copper ore found in the hills in the vicinity of the Illinois River, which at some day will make the county famous.
    Officers: J B Sifers, County Judge; Charles Hughes, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; H K Hanna, District Attorney; Daniel Green, Sheriff and Tax Collector; William Nauck\e, Treasurer; D M Gilmore, Assessor; William M Smith, Surveyor; H W Tuttle, Coroner; R R Middleworth, Superintendent Public Schools.
[page 322]


Kerbyville, Josephine Co, PO and county seat, two hundred and fifty miles ssw of Salem, is on the east side of the Illinois River, in the small but fertile valley of that name, and enjoys some trade with the surrounding mining camps. The locality is difficult of access, being surrounded by high and rugged mountains; but the scenery is romantic and attractive; the native wealth of the county is of the grandest character; and to await its development, the people are willing to remain shut out from the great world, in conſidence of futureprosperity.
Foley R E, physician
Lind W W, hotel proprietor
Sawyer S W, general merchant and postmaster
Sifers J B, proprietor flour mill
[page 323]


Leland, Josephine Co, PO 40 miles n of Kerbyville.
Davis F A, general merchandise
Eaton ------ (Jumpoff Jo) lumber manufacturer
Harkness M M , general merchandise
Harkness Samuel, and hotel proprietor
Hopkins James A, blacksmith
[page 324]


Phoenix, Jackson Co, PO 18 miles se of Jacksonville.
Dunlap N, blacksmith
Foudray E D, postmaster
Lavenberg D, hotel proprietor
Wimer & Sons, flour mills
[page 329]


Rock Point, Jackson Co, PO 12 miles nw of Jacksonville.
White J B & Co, postmaster and general merchant
White L J, hotel proprietor
Wise C, butcher
[page 335]


Rogue River, Josephine Co, PO address, Slate Creek, 18 miles n of Kerbyville.
Presley A W, general merchandise
[page 335]


Slate Creek, Josephine Co, PO 16 miles n of Kerbyville.
McAllister Simon, postmaster and hotel proprietor
Wilder J L, hotel proprietor and blacksmith
[page 338]


Sucker Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Kerbyville, 6 miles se of Kerbyville.
Sawyer Samuel A, general merchandise
[page 339]


Uniontown, Jackson Co, PO address, Applegate, 10 miles s of Jacksonville.
Cameron, Todd & Co, general merchandise and lumber manufacturers
[page 340]


Waldo, Josephine Co, PO 10 miles s of Kerbyville
Briggs George E, hotel proprietor
Bryhan Frank, saloon
Hanna H K, attorney at law
Hartson Charles, hotel proprietor
Leonard L, butcher
McIlvain A B, postmaster, notary public, general merchant and lumber manufacturer
Naucke William, general merchant and hotel proprietor
Simmons George, blacksmith
Thompson Isaac, general merchandise and livery stable
[page 340]


Williamsburg, Josephine Co, PO address, Applegate, 20 miles e of Kerbyville.
Cofer William, blacksmith
Layton Jacob, general merchandise
[page 341]


Willow Springs, Jackson Co, PO 6 miles n of Jacksonville.
Bilger William, postmaster and general merchant
Danforth L, physician
Ferguson R L, blacksmith
Fischer Daniel, blacksmith
Horse S L, hotel proprietor
Parker & Dunlap, photographers
[page 341]

Wolf Creek, Josephine Co, PO address, Leland, 45 miles n of Kerbyville.
Smith Henry, general merchant and blacksmith
[page 342]
Henry G. Langley, The Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1871-73, San Francisco, 1871

Last revised May 7, 2020