The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised

Diary of B. F. Dowell
Benjamin Franklin Dowell sporadically kept a diary from June 20, 1851 until April 1868, surviving in his memorandum books among the Dowell papers, Ax 031, in the special collections of the University of Oregon. Sections relating to Southern Oregon are transcribed below. His diary covers these periods:

June 20, 1851, Abiqua Creek, Oregon to August 11, 1851. Dowell teaches school beginning July 28, 1851 "in the neighborhood of John S. Hunt" "on the main road leading from Salem to Hall's ferry." The diary is followed by attendance records through Oct. 1851.

April 10, 1852, Lebanon, Oregon to April 25, 1852, on the banks of the Rogue River. Dowell travels south to the gold fields--transcribed below.

January 1, 1855 to January 21, 1856 and April 7, 1856 to December 30, 1856. Dowell operates a pack train, mostly in Dalles and Yakima Valley area--transcribed below.

January 1, 1857 to July 30, 1857. Dowell travels from Oregon City to St. Helens to San Francisco to Aspinwall to Washington, D.C. and back, ending in transit off the coast of California at Big Sur

January to April 1868. Dowell is in Washington, D.C. again. The diary consists mostly of his notes taken during President Andrew Johnson's impeachment hearings.

B. F. Dowell's Journal, a brother of
Dr. A. Dowell of Memphis, Tennessee
Samuel Dowell of Stony Point, Virginia and
Dr. G. Dowell of Como, Panola County, Mississippi

Lebanon April 8th 1852
Bill of Provisions &c.
Flour of [John S.] Hunt 52½ 209
Bacon 27½ lb.
Coffee 12½ lb.
Sugar 23 lb.
Butter 16 lb.
Saleratus 1 lb.
Salt 3½ lb.
Soap 3½
Coffee little sack 2 lb.
Butter little sack 2=91
April 10th 1852
    This day I left Lebanon, Marion County, O. Territory for the gold mines on Rogue River. Good gravelly roads nearly all day. Stayed all night at McKinney two miles north of Albany. Tolerable good place and good citizens, but they are all
dissatisfied and want to sell their places for what it cost them last fall. They intend going to Rogue River whether they sell or not. If they cannot sell they say they intend leaving their place--26 miles.
Sunday [April 11]
 By directions we left Albany to the right and got into some very bad road in a large prairie lying east of Albany. Traveled 23 miles but only 16 miles on our road.
April 12
    Continued up the bank of the Willamette all day over tolerable good road. Stayed all night at Spose's, at the upper crossing of the Willamette. Good place for ourselves but a bad place for our horses.
    Dr. Fidler [?] is at work on Josephine Creek west of the north fork about 5 miles and then made across towards the south fork over a bald hill [illegible]. Arral's [?] ranch on Smith River below the crossing of Rogue River.
    Came to Mr. James Chapin's at the foot of the Calapooia Mountain. Saw several men from the mines. Dove is on Pecommon Creek 12 miles from Picket's ranch. Traveled 26 miles.
[April] 14
    Came up with 5 men from Oregon City, Mr. Jefferson Howell and John McReynolds, who worked for James Pittman last winter. Camped at the foot of the Calapooia Mountain.
    It being rainy and muddy we concluded to remain with them all day. This is the first time we have ever stopped out of a house where there was no women to get our supper &c.
Swiftly we glide o'er the slippery mud;
Quickly past rivals and mud holes we go;
Oh what is the pleasure with this can compare
When the girls, the dear girls
Our pleasures will not share.
Bright beams the moon,
And yon glimmering star
Shines but to guide us in safety afar
Light are the evenings and fleet is our steed
Few can surpass him in kindness or speed.
Hurrah for the damsels with blushing red face;
Lighten be sorrow and care as when she's nigh;
If there is aught that can cheer and sustain us in woe
To the words of true feeling that from her lips flow
Swiftly we glide &c.
28 miles.
[April] 15
    Crossed the Calapooia Mountain and arrived at Wm. H. Wilson's by 4 o'clock in the evening--16 miles.
[April] 16
    Came in 4 miles up North Umpqua close to a dwelling or house and grocery--26 miles.
[April] 17
    Came over some bad roads and rough hills, but saw the best grass that I have ever seen in any country. Camped on South Umpqua. 27 miles.
[April] 18
    Crossed over South Umpqua and Cow Creek and camped at the mouth of the canon. Good grass and water. Here is a good trading post.
[April] 19
    We remained all day at the canon prospecting gold and we found good coarse gold on to the road towards Cow Creek about one mile west of the canon.
[April] 20
    Came through the canon 8 miles south of the 1st house--20 miles.
[April] 21
    Camped at the old crossing of Rogue River, good grass and water out of the river--30 miles.
[April] 22
    Continued up the river to the gold diggings at the Willow Springs--25 miles.
[April] 23
    Spent the day prospecting, but found but little gold and then returned to the upper crossing of the river--14 miles.
[April] 24
    Came down the river again and crossed the river at the old crossing again, and continued down the river to Perkins' ranch. 25 miles.
[April] 25
    Early this morning we came to where 3 young men were mining on the north side of Rogue River on a bar. The gold fine and we can get some every panful--5 miles.

Flour 14 lb.
Bacon 5 lb.
    The piece of gold was weighed by Beekman and it weighs $2.50 cents at 16 dollars an ounce or 2.65⅝ at 17 dollars an ounce.

P. J. Ryan
    Dr. to B. F. Dowell
5 pair shoes 2 10.00
4  do.   do.  1 5.00
1 shirt 1.00
4 pair boots 50
3⅞ yds. silk 1.75
Jacksonville June 27th
Messrs. Walker & Co.
    Dr. to B. F. Dowell
For 1 box cigars 1.50
" 1 keg whiskey 25.00
" 25 lbs. sugar 20 5.00
" 25 lbs. coffee 30    7.50
Memorandum books 2, B. F. Dowell Papers, University of Oregon Special Collections Ax031

Friday January 19th [1855]:
    Left for Yreka, 9 a.m. Snow fell 2 or 3 inches deep.
January 20:
    I spent a cold but pleasant day at Hilley Dale's.
Sunday, January 21st:
    I attended divine services at Isaac Hills and heard the Reverend Stearns, a missionary Baptist preacher, preach from the text, Proverbs 17:16.
January 22nd:
    I spent the day with the object of my affections. She denies the legitimate construction of the memento and unblushingly denies her own words. It's a bad sign for a good girl. It is only a pretended change and is intended to make me uneasy about her. I am unhappy not because I think [she] doesn't intend to marry me, but because I am sorry to know she would like to be so deceiving. I believe if a lady treats a gentleman with disrespect before she marries him ten chances to one she will do worse afterwards.
    Camped with my train last night in the timber half way between Mr. Shetler's and Mr. Cole's.
Yreka, January 26th:
    Received of F. C. Hosseley $460 in part payment for 4850 pounds of flour belonging to B. Dove. Freight on same $485.
January 27th:
    I purchased both volumes of Fern Leaves from Fannie's Portfolio for $8. I wrote to my lady love and sent by Cram Rogers Express in the book.
Yreka, January 28th:
    This morning my train left for Oregon. At night a street fight took place within 20 feet of me between Jacob Williams and L. C. Rogers. Mr. Williams was shot three times and is thought to be dying. Mr. Rogers was shot several times and died immediately. The cause of the difficulty originated over a trifling Spanish fancy woman, wholly unworthy the notice of any gentleman.
January 30th:
    Received of B. Dove by Dr. Horsely $300.
    Camped with my train between Cole's and the other mountain home last night.
    Arrived at Isaac Hills.
January 31st:
    Laid by on Emigrant Creek all day without doing much of anything. Mr. Hills said he would give my hands $2 a hundred for making rails and board them.
February first:
    Today two of my hands commenced making rails for Mr. Hills at $3 a hundred and board themselves. C. Bush was not willing to make rails so I discharged him and paid him $168.
February 2nd:
    Left for Jacksonville, Oregon Territory. Sent a trunk to 
Butteville, Oregon Territory.
    W. W. Fowler and myself were late this evening. Mary Bachelor was drowned in the Willamette on the opposite side of the river.
    T. J. Dryer, editor, Oregonian, spoke here today. John Ward is sending $11 to Mr. Clark with request to ask about Jacob Johnson.
    A few days ago the Indians killed William H. Hill on Indian Creek, also Jerome Dyer and Daniel McLove on the Applegate.
    I met Miss E. H. on her way to see her sister in Rogue River Valley. Soon after I passed them I determined I would write by Tim Patton and return the next day.
    I stayed all night with Miss E. H. and the whole family at Coyote Creek, and declared to her that I desired her hand and that I was earnest, which is true and I will get her if I can.
    Two of the girls stayed all night at D. C. Matters but the family camped at Mr. Lucas'. I stayed at my old friend's house between the two.  My friend, Mr. McAllister, was glad to see me. We had not see each other for several years. We were together in one of the most trying times of my life. We came from San Francisco to Oregon in November 1850 and one half the time we didn't have anything fit to eat.
    I bid Miss H. adieu early this morning but only traveled to Camas Swale.
    Today I came to Mr. Hadley's in company with John Weaver and stayed all night.
    Today I dined at the north end of the canyon and stayed all night at the south end. Passed my friend Phillips in the canyon with some wagons and a threshing machine borrowed from Yreka.
[Under date of Feb. 3, 1855 there is an order
signed by W. W. Fowler of Jacksonville, reading as follows:]
    B. F. Dowell. You will please call on A. Campbell and see what he has done toward collecting a note on George Buell handed him by M. F. Deady. (signed) W. W. Fowler
[Under this appears the following in Mr. Dowell's writing]
    Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing and obtaineth favor of the Lord, but it is better to dwell in the wilderness than with a contentious and angry woman. See Jude chapter 1, verse 2 and Ruth chapter 1, verse 16 and 17.
    Paid Satler, Crescent City, $84.77 in full of his account. Borrowed $57 of B. Dove. Paid $5 for the sugar.
February 9th:
    Left Jacksonville for Salem but found Mr. Dove at T'Vault's home. So traveled together to Mr. Wagner's and stayed all night.
    Mr. Theodore Tharp informed me that there would be a meeting at Tharp's Mill Wednesday to devise means to build a wool factory. This will be a good thing for the people but unprofitable for the owners.
    Received Al Zieber 370 feet of rope, 2 camp kettles, six blankets, six tin cups, 2 frying pans, 1 ax, and one handle.
February 18th:
    We stayed all night last night at Hargrave's in Corvallis. Good fare and good company. Miss Lizzie looked beautiful and was agreeable but retired early. I arrived at B. Dove's with Mr. Dove and Adam Matheny. Dr. Bonner left us at the ferry on the Luckiamute and went to visit his brother's half sister.
[pages missing]
He had the finest covered wagon and six of the finest team horses I have ever seen in Oregon.
    James Mace lives at the forks of Smith River.
July 22nd:
    I spent the day traveling from the Mountain House to Yreka.
July 23rd:
    I saw Pleasant Howell, Jefferson Howell, and Miss Taylor on the old Yreka Trail a mile east of Shasta River. The Messrs. Howell have purchased a board shanty there and are keeping stock and butchering at the lower town. Miss Taylor is a beautiful girl. Her mother and stepfather are stopping with the Howells and want to get a good claim. I stayed all night with them last night and spent a pleasant day with them today. I told her, "That you are beautiful no one can deny."
July 28:
    Samuel Waymire left Mr. Howell's and camped on the river. Pleasant Howell acted as his pilot. This evening I found Mr. P. H. and Miss Jane T. in the wagon together having a very private chat. Miss Jane looks beautiful, amiable, and accomplished. Doubtless she has a better education than she says. Mr. Waymire moved to lower Yreka this evening. I reluctantly bid Miss Taylor farewell. I could freely give her myself, my heart, my protection, and my companionship throughout life.
August 7th:
    Mr. G. Herbert says an old Indian named John told him that an Indian living near Brigg's Mill above Eugene City called Tenas Jack stole my black horse in 1852 off Long Tom. John requested him not to let his name be known but John has since died. Battcers, an Indian, had the horse.
August 9: Salem, O.T.
    John Gunn, formerly of Jacksonville, O.T., was here about his government claim. Sent to Canyonville on a forged receipt dated May 5th. The draft was mailed at Corvallis for Canyonville May 30, 1855 by C. M. Carey, private secretary of Governor George. L. Curry.
August 23:
    Dr. Griffin's in Linn County: I left Corvallis for Dr. E. H. Griffin's yesterday but the doctor not being at home I remained here all day yesterday and today. I visited the circus last night about half a mile from Dr. Griffin's place. About 10 spectators and 14 persons belonging to the circus. They have a little pony that is well trained.
August 26, 1855:
    In company with Houston Roberts and James Roberts I visited Miss Emma and Frank Hogue and Miss Mary Hiatt. Miss Frank [sic] Hogue is a very interesting and pretty girl. She has beautiful black curly hair and is the favorite of the whole company.
September 1855:
    Today 16 men under command of Thomas Smith had a skirmish with the Indians on the emigrant road a little above the road on the first branch east of Siskiyou Mountains. Keene was killed and Fred Alberding and John Q. Tabor were wounded. Alberding shot in the head close to the eye and Tabor through the arm.
September 9:
    I arrived in Yreka late in the evening. Saw Miss Jane and Mr. Heart closely engaged talking. Doubtless he has had some encouragement. He took her to church. What he may do God only knows.
September 12th:
    Left Yreka for Jacksonville, O.T., and stayed all night with the Coles.
September 16th:
    I returned to lower Yreka. Miss J. and Mr. M. were in the corner of the parlor close, engaged in talking. Love, courtship, and marriage the subject of their conversation. I saw a ring on H.'s finger with initial "J.T." This evening he returned to see her. Doubtless something wrong. It's the same ring she wore the week before. Probably he gave it to her and she has returned it. She says it is her ring and he only took it from her hand and that she will get it again soon. Save me from a coquette. She, being keen, witty, lively and pretty, has a fine chance for speculation in hearts; and since her arrival in Yreka has been thoughtless enough to consider it fine sport.
September 21:
    Left Yreka for Beaver Creek. Camped with some miners on Hungry Creek.
September 11, Falls of Beaver Creek:
    Arrived at Isaac Carson's trading post but he was gone to Yreka, so I returned to Hungry Creek to get feed for my mules. Spent a lonesome day waiting for Mr. Carson. It is just two months today since I first saw Miss J.T.
Beaver Creek, September 24th, 1855:
    Spent today reading a book entitled "The Art of Good Behavior and Letter Writer." I composed the following:
The kiss, dear Jane, thy lips hath lent
Shall never part from me
Until happier hours return the gift
Untainted back to thine.
Sept. 26, 1855:
    Thirteen oxen, a man and a boy were killed on Siskiyou Mountain. Today Samuel Warner was killed by the Indians in Cottonwood and another man is missing. Calvin Fields and John Cunningham were the men killed in Siskiyou Mountain.
October 9:
    Early this morning I left Dr. Griffin's and arrived at Bethuel Dove's this evening, and found my pack train at Mr. Dove's in good condition.
Cincinnati (Eola), O.T.:
    Today I settled with J. B. V. Butler of Cincinnati and took his due bill for $415.37.
Salem, O.T.:
    I left for Portland. Gov. G. L. Curry received a letter today from G. I. Rains, major 4th Infantry, in command at Fort Vancouver, W.T., dated October 9, 1855 stating that Major G. O. Haller with 5 officers and 102 men had fought the Indians on the sixth instant on Pasco River. Major Haller and company are surrounded by the Indians and they have taken all the horses belonging to Major Haller's command. Major Rains called upon Governor Curry for four companies of volunteers composed according to army regulations of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and 74 privates. He says the four companies are just enough for a major's command. I hired today my pack train to A. Zieber, quartermaster. I left Salem October 12th as expressman to Governor Curry, arrived at Portland on the 13th. Returning to Polk County, I employed Willis Ward, Thomas Smith, Lewis McMorris, Even Watts, and E. E. Clark for packers in the Yakima War. They are to hold the government for pay for themselves and riding animals. I stayed all night with my train and hands ten miles on the road from Portland.
Portland, October 18th:
    This day I reported to the quartermaster, Albert Zieber. One bell horse sorrel, one mare bay, 24 mules all branded "BFD" all fat and fine.
October 23rd:
    I bought two mules of Lieutenant Abbott, and had the Bennett mule and the one Morris bought and the little sorrel mare appraised making in all 31 animals in service, all branded "BFD."
October 24th:
    I purchased Robert Allen's mule for only $77. He claims he gave $100 Saturday.
October 25th:
    Lieutenant Goff states Colonel Ford delivered two mules to A. Zieber, quartermaster, for me on this day.
Nov. 1:
    Companies C, D, E, F and G under the command of Col. J. W. Nesmith marched from The Dalles to the hills on the north side of the Columbia River. Major Rains marched a few days before for the Yakima country.
Friday, Nov. 2:
    The companies were detained today to get more supplies.
November 3:
    Early this morning the whole camp was in motion. They marched to Klickitat Creek and came in sight of Major Rains' camp. 22 miles.
Sunday, Nov. 4:
    Today we lay in camp waiting for the rear guard under command of Captain Hembree to come up.
November 5:
    Camped with Major Rains in a canyon on the waters of Yakima River. 25 miles.
November 6:
    Captain Cornelius with 50 scouts had a fight with the Indians. Stephen Wagner, son of Hon. Fred Wagner, was wounded with a ball in his thigh and George Thomas' arm was broken; neither of them dangerously wounded.
    The Indians stationed themselves upon the buttes on both sides of the river. The whole army charged them and drove them from the heights.
November 10:
    Major Armstrong with two companies charged the enemy early this morning. Killed 2 Indians and wounded several others and captured or killed about 60 horses and 13 head of cattle. The regulars took the cattle.
December 2nd, Fort Henrietta:
    Left at dark for Fort Walla Walla. Traveled all night over hills and hollows trying to cross the Walla Walla River above the guardus.
Guardus above Walla Walla, Dec. 3:
    Camped late in the evening on the north side of the river about four miles above the fort. Colonel Kelly and Nathan Olney, the Indian agent, and others stayed at the fort.
Fort Walla Walla, Dec. 4:
    The Indians had a large quantity of provisions on the opposite side of the river. We had a skirmish with them across the river. Killed one and wounded another.
December 5:
    Colonel Kelly met Peo-peo-mox-mox and took him and five others prisoners. The baggage wagons and pack train camped at the crossing of the Touchet River.
December 6:
    Colonel Kelly had a running fight with the Indians and returned and camped at the crossing of the Touchet River with the baggage wagons and pack train. One of the prisoners broke from the guard and was retaken.
December 7th:
    Battle of the Walla Walla. Three of our men were killed and 13 wounded, two of them mortally and died the next day. Peo-peo-mox-mox and five of the prisoners attempted to make their escape and were killed by the guard. The fight was continued all day. We had four men wounded. Yesterday the Indians lost 30 men and today about 25.
Fort Bennett, Dec. 9:
    The battle lasted all day. John Smith and Ira Allen were slightly wounded, which was the only damage we sustained. Ten Indians were killed and several wounded.
December 10th, Fort Bennett:
    Late this evening the Indians gave way and the boys ran them beyond their camp. Lieutenant A. Shepard was wounded in the charge. Our dead were buried in the northeast corner of the fort.
Fort Bennett, Dec. 11:
    A large portion of the command pursued the Indians. We received a reinforcement of about 100 men from Fort Henrietta.
Fort Bennett, Dec. 12:
    I remained at the fort all day. Nothing of interest took place. The boys caught 15 or 20 head of horses and 45 head of cattle.
Fort Bennett, Dec. 13:
    Colonel Kelly and his command returned to camp without finding the Indians. They pursued them about 40 miles in the direction of Snake River.
Fort Bennett, Friday, Dec. 14th:
    Governor Stevens has returned to the Nez Perce country far beyond the Rocky Mountains. He is within two days' journey of our camp.
Fort Bennett, Dec. 15th:
    I left this place and camped on Wild Horse Creek, 16 miles. My train with a guard of ten men are on our way for The Dalles after more supplies.
December 16th, Sunday:
    Camped above Bill McKay's place. Killed a fine fat hog for supper and breakfast. 22 miles.
December 17th:
    Camped below Fort Henrietta. 23 miles. Received 63 pounds of flour, the first we have had to eat for five days. Poor grass.
The Dalles, Oregon Terr., Dec. 24th:
    At night I visited Mr. and Mrs. McFarland, formerly of Jacksonville, O.T. The Columbia and Deschutes rivers are both frozen over. Captain R. Thompson gave orders for me to start with my train for Walla Walla with a load. It is impossible to take a load this cold weather. I sent out 22 bushels of oats.
December 26th, the Dalles, 10 o'clock a.m.:
    The wind is from the northeast and the weather intensely cold. The thermometer at Mr. Humason and Simms' store stands 23 degrees below freezing point.
The Dalles, O.T., Dec. 27:
    Colonel Kelly with two men arrived here last night from Camp Curry on the Walla Walla. Governor Stevens had arrived at Camp Curry. Howlish, the Cayuse chief, was taken prisoner by Governor Stevens through the assistance of the Nez Perces.
    The Deschutes, Umatillas, Walla Wallas, Palouses, Cayuses, a portion of the Klickitats and Yakimas were in the battle of Walla Walla.
December 29:
    The Columbia River is frozen over. The ice is 10 inches thick and the river is 468 yards wide.
December 20th, The Dalles:
    I spent the day reading and writing at the volunteer hospital. Two men came in who left the wounded men on the John Day River.
The Dalles, O.T., December 31st:
    This morning at 10 o'clock the thermometer stood at 15 degrees below freezing point. An Indian told the Catholic priest that in a council of war since the battle of Walla Walla Ka-mi-akin proposed that they should propose peace to the whites but the Cayuses opposed the terms of peace and said they would fight until they were conquered or killed.
University of the Pacific Special Collections MSS2 D746, typed transcription on Fred Lockley stationery

March 1856
Cost of Meals
19  mules & 1 bell horse of Moore 2500. 00
Bill of Repairs of Brewer
side leather 7. 00
20  g. sacks 2. 00
  Crescent City, April
pr. blankets of Satler 39.
pair blankets of Friedman 12.
blankets of Hillman 4.
keg 1. 50
14  g. sacks 3. 50
27  yds. duck 25 cts. 6. 75
26  yds. sheeting 11 cts. 2. 86
cloth & making 3 ceremonies 13.
red blanket for ceremonies 4.
Allen's bill for aparejo &c. 38. 50
Falk's, Smith River
April 28, 1856
cash in two mule saps 5. 00
cash with Groveland [Graceland?] 50.
mule of Jas. Carson 150. 00
days hire of horse 15.
weeks board at Yreka 14.
mule of Wagoner 126. 66⅔

Monday, [April] 7 [1856].
    I bought this book for one dollar and fifty cents.
Tuesday, 8.
Crescent City.
    I wrote to G. or S. Gilbert of San Francisco to buy a fine album and forward it to I. Taylor, Yreka Cal. and I endorsed ten dollars to pay of the same.
Wednesday, 9.
    The steamer Columbia arrived and left after dark for Portland O.T.
Thursday, 10.
Crescent City.
    My [pack] train arrived and the little steamer Newport arrived and left.
    I have been very sick all day.
Saturday, 12.
Crescent City.
    Lines inadvertently left by a young lady in her hymnbook in church:
I look in vain--he does not on me
    Dear, dear, what shall I do!
I cannot listen as I ought,
    Unless he listens too!
He might have come as well as not!
    What plagues these fellows are!
I'll bet he's fast asleep at home,
    Or smoking a cigar!
Thursday, 24.
    I received the following packages for John Anderson of Jacksonville O.T.
130  lbs. 155  lbs. And for Taylor
77  lbs. 150  lbs. 136
135  lbs. 154  lbs. 159
127 150 152
117 150 447
114 148
140 145
145 149
168 144
160 143
138 159
132 159
145 157
141   157
  127 2120
Sunday, 27.
    It commenced raining early this morning and we laid in camp all day. The express messenger came in at night from the Klamath and reported that there was a rumor that the Shasta Indians were hostile and that a great battle had been fought and that 25 whites and 75 Indians had been killed. Bill at Morford's $21.25, $10.00 mule swap.
Monday, [May] 5.
    C. C. Beekman can give an account of Cal Ford's horse which he lost last fall.
Saturday 10.
    I stayed all night last night at the Klamath House on the Klamath River.
Sunday, 11.
    I returned to Jacksonville O.T. from Yreka, late in the evening. I stayed all night at Mr. Wait's Mill.
Thursday, 15.
    I had a fight with [blank] Armstrong. He had previous warned me to leave town, and had told Mr. [blank] Richardson that he intended to kill me upon sight. However the fight ensued, but no one was hurt much.
Friday [June] 6.
    Received of P. Howell eleven hundred and forty-eight (1148) dollars for A. H. Whitley of Polk County O.T. forty ($40) dollars for the Messrs. Means [?] of Salem O.T. twelve dollars for W. C. Griswold of Salem O.T. and thirty-five dollars for Jones of the firm of Jones, Cooke & Co. Salem O.T.   
    The dust is six hundred ($600) dollars at 16 30/100 dollars for ounce.
Sunday, 8.
    The Oregonian of January 26th 1856 contains that Indian intercourse law.
Tuesday, 10.
    Letter & money to B. Stark at Portland. Pay $5 to Wm. L. Adams at Oregon City for the Argus & salmodista collection of vocal music for Mrs. Miller.
Wednesday, 11.
    The Jacksonville Sentinel of May 24th 1856 states that Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon, appointed L. F. Grover, A. C. Gibbs and Geo. H. Ambrose a board of commissioners to assess the damages of the Indians in the Rogue River Indian [War] of 1853.
Friday, 13.
    Amount settled on Dove's note to E. Watts one hundred and eleven dollars and seventy eight cents.
Saturday, 14.
    Received three notes on Geer.
Thursday, 19.
    I arrived at Portland O.T. with Dr. McCombs and Dr. Joseph Drew.
Saturday, 21.
    Mr. Blanchard, Joel Palmer's clerk, informs me that Palmer as Indian agent draws his drafts on Department of Interior, Office [of] Indian Affairs, and that the claims are audited by the 2nd Auditor of the Treasury.
Thursday, 26.
    I and Lewis Ward arrived at the Dalles.
    George Snipes wishes to buy a mule.
Sunday, 29.
    287½ dollars for a horse is to be made out in favor of Wm. Jones against Lewis Ward.
Monday, 30.
    McAuliff 11. 00
    Bigelow 6. 50
    Gales about 20.
    Hale for oats 5.
    Cash 5.
    Oats for mare 45.
    Booth    11.    
$103. 50
Tuesday, [July] 1.
    Lewis Ward left. He lost one day and I lost one day up to this date.
Sunday, 6.
Dalles O.T.
    I left here after dinner for Major Layton's command.
    I sent a draft to J. Failing & Co. for four hundred dollars drawn on the Department of the Interior Office of Indian Affairs.
Thursday, 10.
    Captain Goff with 66 men [joined] Major Davis Layton [on John] Day's River.
    Major Layton had 75 men rank & file, making in all 142 men.
Friday, 11.
Dalles O.T.
    I returned from John Day's River to dinner with 40 prisoners which Capt. Layton had taken above the emigrant road on John Day River. They were placed in the charge of the Regulars.
Saturday, 12.
    Capt. Goff's command captured one horse a little below the falls of John Day's River.
Monday, 14.
    The train left the Dalles to join Major Layton's command. It camped on Ten Mile Creek.
Tuesday, 15.
    I left the Dalles soon after breakfast and joined the back [sic] train at the springs between the Deschutes River and John Day's.
    We have only a guard of eight men and eight packers. 22 miles.
Wednesday, 16.
Spring 2 miles east John Day's.
    Yesterday I passed Mr. Hughes, the express messenger for the Washington Territory volunteers.
    25 miles.
Thursday, 17.
Willow Creek.
    Major Layton is still up John Day's River and Capt. Goff & company has joined him.
    20 miles.
Friday, 18.
Butter Creek.
    An express messenger from Olympia came to our camp night before last and traveled with [us] up until late this evening. He left us at this place.
    25 miles.
Saturday, 19.
5 miles above Fort Henrietta.
    We can see no signs of Major Layton nor Goff.
    Goff's command must have left this part several days ago.
    16 miles.
Sunday, 20.
    I took John Daley with me and rode above Wm. McKey's [William McKay?] place, but saw no new signs of the company or the Indians. We traveled about 40 miles and returned to camp, where we expect to wait for Major Layton.
Saturday, 26.
Camp Mill Creek, Walla Walla.
    I left McKey's place early this morning for Major Layton's command. I found him at the foot of the Blue Mountains.
    I left him and came with Capt. Goff to this camp.
Sunday, 27.
Camp Mill Creek, Walla Walla.
    I found two of my mules in the possession of the Washington volunteers and one O.T. mule which they captured in Grand Ronde Valley.
    Battle on Powder River and the Grand Ronde Valley.
Monday, 28.
    I learned from Major Layton, Capt. Goff and Col. Shaw that the command of Major Layton and Capt. Goff found on the 15 of this month a large body of hostile Indians on the head of Burnt River in a deep canyon. Early in the action Lieutenant John Estes of Polk County O.T. who joined the Washington volunteers on the 5th day [of] June, and Daniel Smith, a private, Company K of the Washington volunteers, were both killed, and on the 16th James Cherry of the same company and from Linn County was severely wounded in the right thigh.
    The command captured a horse with a pack containing corn, rice and dried apple, a little sugar.
Thursday, 31.
Battle of Grand Ronde.
    On the 7th ult. Col. Shaw estimates that 40 Indians were killed & a number wounded
250 animals
150 packs of camas and couse
horses, tents & all things of the kind were burnt up.
    Wm. Tooley
    Co. K Wm. Holmes
    Thos. Como
    Charles Ensigne
    T. N. Lilley of Cap. Miller's Co.
    Wm. Downey
Sunday, [August] 10.
    I arrived at Portland. Left Capt. Haley & Co. at Philip Foster's.
Wednesday, 13.
    I wrote to L. J. Gates at the Dalles and forwarded it by John Baker. He will arrive there tomorrow evening, if he is not detained at the Cascades.
    I left Portland after dinner for Salem.
Thursday, 14.
    I arrived at Salem with [omission] to supper.
Saturday, 16.
B. Doves, Polk County.
    I left here ten months ago with one bell horse & twenty-four mules and one bay mare. L. M. Morris brought from Linn County one sorrel mare and two mules. I afterwards purchased two mules of Lieutenant Abbott and one from Robt. Allen and Col. Hurd placed in the service the two that was at his house, making in all one horse, two mares and twenty-nine mules.
    Twenty-nine mules and three horses of these were taken to the Dalles.
Monday, 18.
    I now have eight mules and the sorrel mare which leaves a balance of one mare, one horse and twenty-one mules which have been taken by the Indians. The other two are south.
Friday, 29.
Bought of M. Sharp
1140 ½ lbs. bacon 12½ $142.56
Of T. H. Wilkerson
  777 ½ lbs. bacon $  97.18
1918 ½ lbs. bacon 12½   239.64
Paid Sharp by Ward 143.
Paid Watson for Sharp 20.
Paid Watson for Sharp   97. 18
Saturday, 30.
Wm. Maples.
    Rode my mule from Jacksonville to Salem, and he says he forwarded him to me at Jacksonville O.T. by a brother of John Murphy.
[September] 24.
Bills at Butler's, Dove order 185.00
Dove order 7.30
Alpaca .75
Socks .25
Cash Kight 5.00
Cash Self   25.00
Ward note 27.    
Bill about 7.25
Thursday, 25.
    S. Roberts at Corvallis has my trunk.
Friday, [October] 17.
    Brewer's bill against Wm. Sharp, which I paid, is seventeen dollars and fifty cents.
Tuesday, [November] 4.
    Left Jacksonville at two o'clock for Yreka.
Wednesday, 5.
    The bird had flown or flew on my arrival.
Wednesday, 26.
    I left Jacksonville O.T. for the Atlantic States by Salem O.T.
    Stayed all night at Rosenstock's on Rogue River.
Memorandum book 20, B. F. Dowell Papers, University of Oregon Special Collections Ax031

Last revised February 28, 2022