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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


William Bybee


    BOLD ROBBERY.--Last Tuesday night the house of Mr. Wm. Bybee, near this city, was entered by some unknown person, Mr. B.'s pantaloons taken from under his pillow, and about $83 taken therefrom. He did not discover the theft until morning, when he missed his pantaloons, which, upon search being made, were found in the kitchen.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 5, 1871, page 3


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
WM. BYBEE.
    The present sheriff of Jackson County comes of old Kentucky stock, and wan born in Clark County in that state in 1830. Raised to agriculture he remained on his father's farm until early in 1852, when he emigrated to California and struck his pick into rich gravel at Diamond Springs, where he made quite a stake. Not liking mining, Mr. Bybee came to Portland in 1853 and subsequently lived on Sauvie's Island for about a year, and then came to Jackson County. In the year of his arrival here Mr. Bybee was married to Miss Elizabeth E. Walker, daughter of Capt. Jesse Walker, by whom he has raised a family of seven children. Mr. Bybee is entitled to a front place among the enterprising farmers of Jackson County. He purchased the donation claim of Mrs. Walker, and has added to it until he is now the owner of over sixty-five hundred acres of land, a large portion of which is situated only one mile north of town, and on which his magnificent residence is built. He has been largely engaged in stock raising and driving, and for many years had full control of the hog business of this county, and his genial voice is familiar in many a camp across the Siskiyous. "Billy," as he is popularly called, was urged by his friends in 1876 to run for sheriff, but was beaten by Mr. J. W. Manning. In 1878 he tried it again, on the People's ticket, and was elected by a rousing majority that required no official count. Mr. Bybee is now extensively engaged in hydraulic mining, farming, stock raising and keeps a vigilant eye on the affairs of his office. His name in this county is a synonym for generosity. His home and hand are always open to the needy; no one ever appealed to him for charity in vain, and it is often remarked that "Billy Bybee" has done more for the general prosperity of Jackson County than any other of its citizens. In politics Mr. Bybee has changed from an ultra Democrat to an Independent, voting and thinking just about as he pleases.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 7, 1879, page 2



    Wm. Bybee of Jackson County has sent in the past 20 years 20,000 fatted hogs to the California market.
"Pacific Coast," Weekly Corvallis Gazette, December 17, 1880, page 2


    WM. BYBEE: one of the largest land owners in Southern Oregon: resides near Jacksonville; was born in Clark County, Ky., 1830; came to Oregon in 1853 and to this county in 1854; was married in November, 1854, to Miss Elizabeth A. Walker. Children Ryland (deceased), James W., Florence (deceased), Lillie M. (deceased), Effie, Jefferson (deceased), Frank E., Alexander M. (deceased), Minnie I., Robert L., Minerva M. (deceased).
A. G. Walling, History of Southern Oregon, 1884, page 502


    Many handsome pieces of marble work have lately been put up in the Jacksonville cemetery. The lots of Mr. Beekman, and Mr. Linn, have been enclosed with substantial stone coping ornamented with marble urns and vases, much improving the appearance of that part of the cemetery. In the town cemetery a very elegant monument has been erected over the grave of Rowland Hall. The material is Rutland marble, and the style is massive and beautiful. The Bybee lot has also been enclosed with a stone coping and a magnificent family monument placed in position. The material is Rutland marble of a light shade; upon a double sandstone base is a massive pillar of the marble surmounted by a tapering column, upon which is an urn of oriental design, half draped. The marble is susceptible of a very high polish, and the finish is fern fronds and ivy, wrought in tracery. The six grave markers are of the dark marble upon a base of pure white marble. The most exquisite little piece of marble work marks the grave of Mr. Whipp's little daughter; it is a tiny cabinet with marble coping. The front is a scroll with rustic lettering; across the stone is a wreath of ivy and immortelles and above it is a dove in flight. The design is a rare combination of art and genius that cannot be excelled on this coast. The work has all been executed at the marble works of J. C. Whipp in Jacksonville.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, December 4, 1886, page 3


    W. S. Bybee, an old pioneer of Jacksonville, Or., died at the home of his nephew, William Bybee, late Tuesday evening, after a long illness. He was 76 years old. He left one son, Martin Bybee, of Lake County.
"Oregon Dead," Capital Journal, Salem, April 8, 1898, page 4


ODD CURE FOR DYSPEPSIA
SOUTHERN OREGON MAN USES DRY, CLEAN SAND.
One Teaspoonful Taken at Night Has Relieved Him of All Gastronomical Troubles.

    William Bybee, a pioneer of Jacksonville, has eaten sand for his health the past 20 years, and seems to thrive on it. He thinks sand is the only medicine in the world for stomach troubles, and is not at all backward about recommending it to his friends who are suffering from dyspepsia, or any other affliction of the digestive organs. "I was nearly dead from dyspepsia 20 years ago, and had lost all faith in medicine," said Mr. Bybee, at the Esmond yesterday, "when Mrs. Wimer, the wife of a miner on the Applegate River, in Southern Oregon, recommended sand. My body was paralyzed below the breast, and I was willing to take chances on anything. I began by swallowing a teaspoonful of dry sand on going to bed at night, and I soon noticed that I slept better than for years, though my appetite did not increase for a few weeks. I kept on swallowing the sand regularly until I was well. I have used it off and on, however, ever since, and I carry a vial of dry sand about with me as a tonic. When I happen to overeat or feel the need of a cathartic, I put a spoonful of sand on my tongue and assist it down my throat with a swallow of water. Sand is the only medicine I have taken since 1861, though previously my pockets were always full of powders and liquids, and my doctor and drug bills were large."
    How the sand cure originated Mr. Bybee does not know, but he thinks it evolved from the practice of some people in the Southern States, who swallowed small bits of gravel as a remedy for chills and fever. "The particles of sand act mechanically on the lining of the stomach and intestines," he said, "and they carry off the surplus mucus from the digestive organs. If small pebbles are swallowed they will remain in the stomach for some little time, until they become coated with mucus, which they carry off. As the particles of sand are almost as fine as flour, there is no danger of clogging the bowels, as there might be should the larger pebbles be used.
    "I use common river bottom sand, and I gather a few quarts of it at a time. When I get it home I wash it in several waters, in order to remove all dirt and vegetable matter, and then I dry it in an oven. I have recommended the remedy to hundreds of persons who could find no relief from stomach troubles, and where the prescription was faithfully followed a cure always resulted. I have in my possession now a letter from a wealthy man in Quebec, who says he owed his life to my remedy, and he wants me to go back there and live with him the remainder of my days. I do not care to take up with his proposition, however, as I tried change of climate for my health about 23 years ago, and I came near freezing to death back East. I am 71 years of age now, and I enjoy life in Southern Oregon, being in perfect health, and so I shall remain there the rest of my life. You can tell people that there is no risk whatever in taking sand, as it cannot possibly hurt them, even if it does no good. Sand is about as cheap a medicine as can be taken, as all it costs is the trouble of gathering and cleaning."
    Mr. Bybee has been engaged in mining and farming in Jackson County for many years and is the owner of the Bybee Springs, which have become quite a summer resort. He is possessed of several placer mining properties and about 5000 acres of land in Rogue River Valley, and with the fullest faith in his sand cure he realizes that he is a very fortunate man.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, October 5, 1901, page 7


    WILLIAM BYBEE. In the whole of Jackson County, Ore., there is no more extensive land owner than William Bybee, to whom belongs the distinction of having owned at different periods more than half of Jackson County, whose interests have been identified with his own since first coming to this locality in the spring of 1854. A native of the state of Kentucky, born near Winchester, Clark County, April 20, 1830, and reared upon a farm, he was the recipient of but a meager education, and in the spring of 1850 he started out to seek his fortune. At Cass County, Mo., he entered the employ of the government, in the transfer of freight to Mexico, continuing to work in that capacity for about six months. In the spring of 1851 he accompanied a train of government supplies to Larimer, Kans., and a few months later returned to Cass County. Having an intense desire to go further west and try his fortune on the Pacific Slope, Mr. Bybee, in company with eight others, congregated at Larimer, provisioned an outfit of several wagons, drawn by mule teams and started for the Far West in the spring 1852. Arriving at Diamond Springs, Cal., they spent the winter at that place in prospecting and mining, with only fair success, and the following spring pushed on to the vicinity of Portland, Ore., where they remained about a year.
    Mr. Bybee first came to Jackson County in the spring of 1854, and during July, August and September, with Jesse Walker and about fifty other settlers, he assisted in protecting the settlers from the raids of the Indians, whose depredations caused considerable trouble in that locality. They chased the foe a distance of about two hundred and fifty miles before subduing them, and then returned home and disbanded soon afterwards. Mr. Bybee bought a donation claim near Jacksonville, and before him was the gigantic task of clearing the land if he would cultivate the rich soil. By perseverance and patient efforts he soon began to prosper, and in a very short time added four hundred acres to his original claim. Subsequent purchases increased his farm to one of larger dimensions, until now he owns seventeen hundred acres in that locality. Here the greater part of his life has been spent, and during these years thousands of dollars have been spent in the improvement of his land. Stock-raising is his principal business, although a part of his wealth is the result of successful mining operations. For a period of forty-one consecutive years Mr. Bybee supplied the miners in this vicinity with choice porkers, which he drove to the mines himself, often realizing a handsome profit therefrom. By keen foresight all his savings were invested in real estate and more and more attention was given to stock-raising and buying and selling land. In addition to his splendid home farm, his possessions at this writing include twenty-nine hundred acres in the Rogue River region, fifteen hundred and sixty acres along Antelope Creek, and five hundred acres along Evans Creek, seven miles above Wimer. Fine mineral springs are located on the latter farm, which enhance its value exceedingly.
    As a representative citizen of Jackson County, Mr. Bybee has carried into the political field the same keen judgment and foresight which have always characterized his business transactions. In 1878 he was the successful candidate of the Democratic Party for the office of sheriff, and during his four years of service the duties of this office claimed his attention assiduously and were executed in a prompt and fearless manner. Few enterprises have been inaugurated in or about Jacksonville which have not had the benefit of his ability and profited by his influence and guidance. His extensive business interests have left him little time for fraternal societies, and he affiliates with but one order, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, which he joined in 1860.
    The marriage of Mr. Bybee, November 16, 1854, united him with Miss Elizabeth A. Walker, a daughter of Jesse Walker, and this union has been blessed with eleven children. Riland D. was killed by a falling horse at the age of fifteen; two others, Florence and Lily, died from diphtheria; Jefferson was twelve years old at the time of his demise; Alexander also died young; and Maude was five years old at the time of her death. Those living are J. William, a resident of Alaska; F. E., who resides at Medford; Robert E., a citizen of Idaho; Effie, wife of Judge Prim, of Jacksonville; and Minnie, who is now Mrs. Fred Low. The beloved mother of these children passed to her eternal rest October 31, 1899.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Western Oregon, Chapman Publishing Co., Chicago, 1904, pages 300-301


PAYS GRANTS PASS A VISIT
Wm. Bybee Calls on His Friends of Pioneer Days.

    William Bybee of Jacksonville was in Grants Pass over Monday, coming down Sunday evening and returning Tuesday morning. While here Mr. Bybee met many of his old-time friends, for he is a Rogue River pioneer of 1854. Mr. Bybee is a Kentuckian and left his native state in 1853 for California, where he stayed for two years, when he came to Southern Oregon. Mr. Bybee at one time was the largest land owner in Rogue River Valley, his holdings being up into the thousands of acres. He yet owns several fine farms in Jackson County and other property, among which is the famous Bybee mineral springs. Mr. Bybee was at one time extensively interested in placer mining in Josephine County, and he built in the Illinois River district one of the longest and most expensive mining ditches ever constructed in Southern Oregon.
    For nearly 40 years Mr. Bybee bought nearly all the hogs raised in Rogue River Valley. He did not pack the meat, but drove the hogs to the various mining camps, where he sold them to local butchers and to Chinamen. His principal market was Happy Camp and the other mining camps of Northern California, though he drove some as far distant as to the camps in Nevada. Mr. Bybee says that his drover days were the most enjoyable of his life. With a band of from 200 to 600 head of hogs and teams hauling feed or a pack train when the road became a trail in the mountains and a half a dozen men to assist him, he would start for the California mining camps. Some of his trips over the Siskiyou Mountains were far from a pleasure jaunt. On one of these trips he had to break a trail with horses through four feet of snow for his hogs to travel on.
    Mr. Bybee was a drover in his boyhood and assisted his father, who was one of the biggest dealers of Kentucky, in driving bands of hogs, cattle and sheep to market in Virginia and South Carolina. Mr. Bybee expects to visit the home of his boyhood, which he has not seen since he left it 53 years ago this spring. He has a brother living at the old family home near Winchester, Kentucky, and he has a sister in Texas and he will pay each of them a visit. Though 76 years of age, Mr. Bybee is yet hale and hearty and good for many years yet of active life. The old Bybee home was one of the best known and most hospitable in all Southern Oregon, and many a pioneer of Rogue River Valley has a kindly remembrance of Uncle Billy Bybee and his noble wife, now gone to the beyond. The big old white house, of the architecture of days long ago, with its full two stories, and its spacious sitting room, dining room and kitchen and many bedrooms, that ample accommodations might be had for all comers, is yet standing in a grove of fine old oaks on the Bybee donation claim one mile north of Jacksonville, an historic reminder of the days when Rogue River Valley was being changed from a wilderness to one of the fairest valleys on the Pacific Coast by the work of such men and women as Uncle Billy and Mrs. Bybee.
Rogue River Courier, Grants Pass, April 28, 1905, page 6



Last revised December 1, 2020