It gets interesting toward the end--after George takes off with the county treasury.
Dodge County, Nebraska Territory
David Bloomer, 26, farmer, born in Ireland
U.S. Census, June 8, 1860
Mission Township, Neosho County, Kansas
Bloomer, David, 37, farmer, born in Ireland
Mary E., 22, born in Illinois
George E., 3, born in Missouri
Teressa, 2, born in Kansas
Regina B., 8 months, born in Kansas
U.S. Census, June 27, 1870 Also in the household were a 20-year-old farm laborer and a 12-year-old housekeeper. Bloomer owned real estate and personal property worth $5300--he was very well off.
Osage Mission Post Office, Mission Township, Neosho County, Kansas
Bloomer, David, 41, farmer, born in Ireland, came to Kansas from Nebraska
Mary, 26, born in Illinois
George, 8, born in Missouri
Teresa, 6, born in Kansas
Milesa, 3, born in Kansas
William, 9, born in Kansas
James, 3 months, born in Kansas
Kansas Census, March 1, 1875
Mission Township, Neosho County, Kansas
Bloomer, David, 48, farmer, born in Ireland, parents born in Ireland
Mary E., 31, born in Ill., father born in Pa., mother in Ky.
George E., 13, born in Missouri
Theresa, 12, born in Kansas
Melissa M., 9, born in Kansas
William J., 9, born in Kansas
James C., 5, born in Kansas
Julia F., 2, born in Kansas
U.S. Census, June 11, 1880
Geo. Bloomer, J. Nunan's popular clerk, spent the latter part of the holidays visiting at his home in Gold Hill.
"Local News," Oregon Sentinel, January 5, 1888, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, who has acted as a salesman for J. Nunan for a long time past, has resigned his position and will leave for Washington Territory in a short time. We wish him success wherever he may go.
Democratic Times, March 28, 1889, page 3
Geo. Bloomer, Ike Muller and T. McAndrews Jr. are in Multnomah County, where they have taken a contract for clearing some land.
Democratic Times, May 30, 1889, page 3
We learn that George Bloomer and Ike Muller have opened a furniture store in Portland during the past week. Success to the boys.
Democratic Times, June 6, 1889, page 3
Ike Muller returned home from his northern trip Sunday morning, and is willing to give Jacksonville credit for being a very good place of residence. He reports Geo. Bloomer well, happy and industrious, and enjoying a lucrative position at East Portland.
Democratic Times, June 13, 1889, page 3
Geo. Bloomer, who has been employed by the Willamette sawmill company at East Portland, has returned to Jacksonville and assumed his former position at J. Nunan's store. He made a popular and efficient salesman and was welcomed back by numerous friends.
Democratic Times, July 11, 1889, page 3
Geo. Bloomer and Geo. Neuber, accompanied by Misses Ella Hanley and Laura Cardwell, visited Jackson's ranch on Rogue River on a picnicking trip last Sunday.
Democratic Times, August 8, 1889, page 3
J. Nunan and his popular clerk, Geo. Bloomer, are still busily engaged in arranging one of the finest and largest stocks of goods ever brought to southern Oregon. Parties who intend laying in their winter supplies should give Jerry a call, for he keeps only the best of goods and sells at the most reasonable rates.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, October 10, 1889, page 3
Geo. Bloomer, who has been confined to his room for two weeks past with fever, is convalescing and will resume charge of Nunan's dry goods counters next week.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, November 7, 1889, page 3
Among the younger generation of business men of the county whose merits the convention saw fit to recognize, none are more deserving than George E. Bloomer, our candidate for county treasurer, who is known to all, and whose courteous and gentlemanly conduct, personal honor and business integrity have combined to make him one of the most popular and available candidates on the ticket, and his qualifications are indisputable. The opposition to him will be able to find no flaws in his armor.
"Our County Ticket," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 9, 1890, page 2
Geo. E. Bloomer is one of the most popular young men in the county, and, being honest and well qualified, will make a first-class officer.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 9, 1890, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, candidate for county treasurer, will receive a substantial vote wherever he is known. He is an honest and a courteous young man and will make an efficient officer.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 16, 1890, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer is one of the most gentlemanly, efficient and honest young business men in the county. Give him a hearty support for the office of county treasurer.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 30, 1890, page 3
Treasurer Bloomer sold a lot of effects belonging to dead men, and which had accumulated during the past few years, at the courthouse Saturday. They consisted mostly of firearms and went cheap.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 25, 1890, page 3
George E. Bloomer danced at the opera house ball at Ashland on Thanksgiving evening, where about forty couples enjoyed a fine evening's entertainment on the best dancing floor in southern Oregon. M. L. Alford's orchestra furnished the best of music.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 5, 1890, page 3
County Treasurer Geo. Bloomer ate turkey at the old homestead down on the river yesterday.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, November 28, 1890, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, our popular county treasurer and chief salesman at J. Nunan's, has gone to San Francisco on a visit. He has not taken a vacation for a long time and certainly deserves one now. John Olwell of Central Point is filling his place in the meantime.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 14, 1891, page 3
County Treasurer Geo. E. Bloomer returned Saturday from an outing at Monterey and San Francisco. He says that this is the first time he has enjoyed the sensation of knowing how it feels to be a millionaire, for everybody stopping at the magnificent hotel at that aristocratic watering place is considered worth at least a million by the guests, and as long as he keeps his mouth beautifully closed on the subject of his finances the people he meets keep right on hugging the delightful delusion.
"Personal and Social," Valley Record, Ashland, August 27, 1891, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, our genial county treasurer, has returned from his trip to San Francisco.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 28, 1891, page 3
The lady friends of Geo. E. Bloomer, county treasurer, astonished that gentleman by jumping his name to the front in the Enterprise contest for the most popular man in the county last week, and from hints we hear in the outside precincts we are led to infer that his name will continue at the head till the end of the contest. George is deserving of the high esteem in which he is held.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 18, 1891, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, our genial county treasurer, was awarded the watch offered by the Enterprise to the person who would be declared the most popular man in Jackson County. There were several contestants. Mr. Bloomer won by a large majority, having over 1,100 votes, while his closest opponent, Geo. T. Hershberger of Central Point, had nearly 700 votes.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 2, 1891, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, county treasurer, has gone to Josephine County to visit relatives, some of whom are ill.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 2, 1891, page 3
George E. Bloomer was given a gold watch in a voting contest--put on by the Central Point Enterprise--as the most popular man in Jackson County.
"Twenty Years Ago," Central Point Herald, October 19, 1911, page 1
Last Sunday was the anniversary of Treasurer Bloomer's birthday, and his landlady gave a dinner in honor of the event, to which a number of George's friends were invited. It is needless to say that Mrs. Taylor's efforts were appreciated, for the guests thoroughly enjoyed themselves. Mr. B.'s many friends tender their congratulations and wish him many happy returns of the day.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, November 27, 1891, page 3
County Treasurer Geo. E. Bloomer says he is not a candidate for sheriff, but will be for re-election. George is a very accommodating, clever young fellow and has made hosts of friends during his short term in office and would be re-elected by a large majority.
"Political Resume," Medford Mail, February 4, 1892, page 3
George Bloomer, of Jacksonville, and his sister Julia, who is going to school there, spent a few days visiting at their father's, D. Bloomer, and returned to Jacksonville Tuesday morning.
"Woodville Whittlings," Medford Mail, March 3, 1892, page 2
County Treasurer Geo. E. Bloomer was among Medford's Sunday visitors from the county seat. Geo. must have run up against the razor edge of a cyclone, judging from the barrenness of his "fiz."
"Local News," Medford Mail, March 10, 1892, page 3
R. Hamilton, a brother of Mrs. D. Bloomer, who spent several weeks in southern Oregon, returned to his home in Nebraska not long since.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 25, 1892, page 3
County Treasurer Bloomer was in town last Sunday, having brought Miss Ida Tolman up from the county seat. Miss Josie Nunan returned with him to Jacksonville.
Ashland Tidings, May 6, 1892, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer and Supt. Price have given such general satisfaction as treasurer and school superintendent that their election is assured beyond the peradventure of a doubt. They are considered about the most popular candidates on any of the tickets, and well deserve their popularity.
"A Strong Ticket," Democratic Times, May 13, 1892, page 2
Treasurer Bloomer is making the people a visit and gaining votes wherever he goes. He has made a courteous, efficient official, and none are more aware of that fact than the public itself.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 20, 1892, page 3
Treasurer Bloomer is probably the man with the fewest enemies, political or otherwise, in Jackson County today, and as he has paid strict attention to the duties of his office since being placed there by the people, and has handled the public funds in the very best interest of the public, he cannot fail of greatly increasing his majority of two years ago, even over the honorable men who are his competitors at the polls. Let the voters remember that Mr. Bloomer is in every way worthy of their votes, being a young man who intends making his permanent home in the valley, and whose record as a business man is second to none.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 20, 1892, page 2
Treasurer Bloomer is making the people a visit and gaining votes wherever he goes. He has made a courteous, efficient official, and none are more aware of that fact than the public itself.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 20, 1892, page 3
Treasurer Bloomer filled the duties of his office so well that he will be re-elected by a large majority.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 3, 1892, page 3
Geo. F. Bloomer, county treasurer, presents bonds in the sum of $20,000, with J. Nunan, K. Kubli, Benj. Haymond and Chas. Nickell sureties.
"Bonds and Bondsmen," Southern Oregon Mail, July 8, 1892, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, county treasurer; $20,000. J. Nunan, Chas. Nickell, Ben. Haymond and E. Kubli, sureties.
"Official Bonds," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 8, 1892, page 3
D. E. Bloomer and family, who have been residents of this county for several years, have departed for Eugene.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 15, 1892, page 3
Geo. Bloomer has been gradually taking the untamed spirit out of his new bicycle during the last few days, and is still able to be about. The wheel is the finest yet brought to the valley, and when the county treasurer gets it under complete subjection he can canvass the county more thoroughly than it has ever been done before.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 5, 1892, page 3
JACKSONVILLE, Or., Oct. 13.--Articles incorporating the Butte Roller Flouring Mill Company were filed in the county clerk's office yesterday. The incorporators are Max Muller, George E. DeBar, George E. Bloomer and W. M. Holmes. The capital stock is $10,000, divided into shares of $100 each; principal office, Jacksonville; duration, unlimited. The object of this corporation is the purchase and operation of the Daily Butte Creek flouring mill.
"A Mill Incorporation," Oregonian, Portland, October 14, 1892, page 2
The Butte Creek Flouring Mills Company has been incorporated by Dr. DeBar, G. E. Bloomer, W. M. Holmes and Max Muller, with a capital stock of $10,000. The principal office is located in Jacksonville.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 14, 1892, page 3
Treasurer Bloomer fell on the slippery pavement in front of O. Biede's tin shop one morning during the week, and hurt one of his arms considerably.
The county commissioners made an examination of the county treasurer's office yesterday and found everything O.K. Treasurer Bloomer will redeem quite a number or warrants in a short time.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 9, 1892, page 3
County Treasurer Bloomer, who has been employed as head clerk at J. Nunan's store for several years past, has severed his connection with that establishment, and will now devote his time to the Eagle Point Roller Mill business, of which he is one of the owners.
"Jacksonville Items," Ashland Tidings, December 9, 1892, page 2
Treasurer Bloomer has moved his office to the store of Reames, White & Co.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 9, 1892, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer, our popular county treasurer, has resigned his business in J. Nunan's store at Jacksonville. He is one of the owners of the Eagle Point Roller Mills, which will command his time.
"Pressed Bricks," Valley Record, Ashland, December 15, 1892, page 1
Treasurer Bloomer in another column gives notice that he has funds on hand to redeem a large number of county warrants.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 16, 1892, page 3
Treasurer Bloomer is in the insurance line at present and will doubtless soon establish a fine business, as he is a rustler.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 16, 1892, page 3
We are sorry to announce that Treasurer Bloomer is confined to his room with a severe attack of tonsillitis.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 30, 1892, page 3
G. E. Bloomer, county treasurer, is able to resume his duties after an illness of ten days.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 6, 1893, page 3
George E. Bloomer and Jas. M. Cronemiller have formed a co-partnership for the transaction of a general merchandising business at the county seat, and will open out in the Ryan building, next door to E. Jacobs', on or about the first of the coming month. As both gentlemen stand high in the community and have a host of friends, it goes without saying that they will do a good business from the start.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 13, 1893, page 3
George Bloomer and James M. Cronemiller have formed a copartnership for transaction of general merchandise business at Jacksonville and will open their store in the Ryan building the first of the month. As both gentlemen are well known, they will no doubt do well.
"Jacksonville Items," Ashland Tidings, January 20, 1893, page 2
Bloomer & Cronemiller will open out in the Orth block instead of in the Ryan building, as at first announced, and will be ready for business about the first of March.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 27, 1893, page 3
Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. have their advertisement in today's Times. They keep a large first-class stock of goods, and sell at rock-bottom prices. Give them a call.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 17, 1893, page 3
Geo. Bloomer, of the firm of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co., Jacksonville, was in Medford Sunday enjoying a pleasant "howdy" with his many friends.
"Purely Personal," Medford Mail, April 14, 1893, page 3
Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. of the Jacksonville Cash Store are selling fresh California vegetables of every description from that market.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 2, 1893, page 3
County Treasurer Bloomer is in the northern part of the state on flour bin business. He took the agency for a county.
"Purely Personal," Medford Mail, June 9, 1893, page 2
Geo. E. Bloomer, Lindsay Sisemore, Walter Williams and John E. Ross left for the northern part of the state this week, where they go to begin the sale of the Economy Flour Bin in which they are interested.
"Jacksonville Items," Ashland Tidings, June 9, 1893, page 2
George E. Bloomer is in the Willamette Valley on business connected with the Economy Flour Bin. He will visit San Francisco before returning home, accompanied by Ella Orth.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 9, 1893, page 3
County Treasurer Bloomer, accompanied by Miss Orth, has returned from his Portland-San Francisco trip. He reports his flour bin business all right.
"Purely Personal," Medford Mail, June 23, 1893, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer returned home from his trip to the Willamette Valley and San Francisco on Tuesday evening, accompanied by Miss Ella Orth.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 23, 1893, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer left for Yamhill County Wednesday evening, and will be gone several days.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 23, 1893, page 3
Geo. E. Bloomer has been appointed agent for the Wheeler & Wilson sewing machine.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 7, 1893, page 3
George E. Bloomer is engaged in soliciting insurance business.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, July 21, 1893, page 3
Another Democratic Treasurer Goes Flewey.
Jacksonville, Or., Aug. 8.--Great excitement prevails here on account of the disappearance of County Treasurer Geo. E. Bloomer. The county commissioners have been investigating Mr. Bloomer's accounts. They met today, and when Mr. Bloomer was called for a settlement he failed to answer to his name. There is a deficiency in his accounts of several thousand dollars, but the exact amount has not been made known. Mr. Bloomer left Jacksonville last Saturday noon, going from here to Medford, since which time nothing has been heard from him. He was serving his second term as treasurer of Jackson County, was elected by the Democratic Party, and has always borne an excellent reputation and was a general favorite both in social and business circles, and his disappearance causes the utmost surprise and regret here.
Roseburg Plaindealer, August 10, 1893, page 2
County Treasurer Missing.
JACKSONVILLE, Or., Aug. 10.--County Treasurer George E. Bloomer has disappeared, and there is a shortage of several thousand dollars in his accounts. Although a young man and unmarried, he was serving his second term and has always borne an excellent reputation.
Alton Daily Telegraph, Illinois, August 10, 1893, page 2
Jackson County's Treasurer.
JACKSONVILLE, Aug. 10.--The county commissioners finished investigating the accounts of County Treasurer Bloomer today. The amount of his defalcation is $7868. At the July term of court the treasurer was found to be short in his accounts and was asked for a settlement. He claimed to have the money invested and asked for one month's further time.
He was told he had no right to invest the county funds and should have had the money at call. The time was given him, however, and there was nothing said about it. He made several collections and drew what money he had in the Medford bank and deposited it in Jacksonville, and as he spoke freely of anticipated settlement no one thought of his being unable to make it. He had money invested in Portland property, and when his absence was noticed it was supposed he had gone there to raise money.
The county has entered suit upon the bonds for recovery of the money and appointed David Linn treasurer. The bondsmen are all well fixed financially, and they will no doubt confess judgment and pay the money at once. Nothing has been heard of the defaulting treasurer, and it cannot be definitely ascertained in which direction he left Medford, though it is known he bought a ticket there last Saturday night. He is 29 years of age, and his parents, who formerly resided in this county, are highly respected people and now reside in Multnomah County.
Evening Capital Journal, Salem, August 10, 1893, page 1
FALSE TO HIS TRUST.Ashland, Or., Aug. 9.--The Jackson County Court, in session at Jacksonville yesterday, instructed the district attorney to institute suit against the bondsmen of George E. Bloomer, county treasurer of Jackson County, to recover something over 815,000, which amount the records show Bloomer to be indebted to the county, though developments since indicate that the amount of the defalcation may not be more than half that sum. The County Court found the shortage on July 8, but gave Bloomer a month to settle up. Saturday he left Jacksonville for Ashland, and took the train here that evening for the north, and has not shown up since, so that when the court convened yesterday and Bloomer did not present himself the matter was precipitated. The bondsmen are as follows: J. Nunan, $5500; Charles Nickell, $6000; Benjamin Haymond, $6000; K. Kubli, $2500. They are responsible and may confess judgment and reimburse the county at once. Bloomer is a young man and has always been popular in business circles and socially, but he spent considerable money, and was known as a good fellow. It is supposed that much of the shortage is due to that. He was also head of the mercantile firm of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. at Jacksonville.
Defalcation of the Treasurer of Jackson County, Or.
The Morning Call, San Francisco, August 10, 1893, page 2
Our Treasurer Has Gone Hence.
Excitement has been running high at the county seat this week. County Treasurer Bloomer has absconded. The news didn't come with any great suddenness to those familiar with the lay of the ground. It had been expected that he would "skip" when he realized the fact that it would be impossible to make good his shortage. He is said to have made efforts in almost all directions to secure funds, but to no avail. Saturday about noon he left Jacksonville for Ashland, saying that he was going there to get $2,500 in order to be in readiness for the county commissioners' inspection on Tuesday. The last seen of him was when he boarded the northbound freight at Ashland Saturday night.
Following is taken from the proceedings of the county court:
IN SESSION, AUGUST 8, 1893.
At this time comes on to be heard and determined the settlement of Geo. E. Bloomer, Treasurer of Jackson County, continued from July 15, 1893.
The said treasurer having failed to respond after being called at the door of the courthouse three times by the sheriff of Jackson County, and the court from an inspection of the records this court finds that said treasurer is delinquent in the sum of $15,345.89.
Therefore, it is ordered that the district attorney be and is hereby directed to forthwith begin an action in the name of the state of Oregon, on the official bond of said treasurer, to recover the amount of money which said treasurer is delinquent as such treasurer.
It is quite probable his deficit will not be more than half the above amount, as it is reported there have been discovered in the treasury vault and deposited in the bank amounts aggregating something like $7,300. If this be true the amount his bondsmen will be required to put up will be about $8,000. His bondsmen are Chas. Nickell and B. Haymond $6,000 each, Jerry Nunan $4,500 and K. Kubli $2,500. The county court at their last session officially removed Bloomer from the office of treasurer and appointed David Linn his successor, fixing his bonds at $30,000.
The news is going the rounds on the streets this morning to the effect that the firm of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co., of which Treasurer Bloomer was the senior partner, will suffer through his escapades. The agent of a Portland firm, to which they were indebted to the amount of $1,200, arrived in Jacksonville yesterday morning and placed an attachment on the store goods. It is also reported that Levi Strauss of San Francisco, who is a creditor to the amount of $3,000, has been telegraphed for and will probably arrive this evening. This demand, coming as it does only a few weeks before their collections can be made from the farmers, will work a hardship on the firm, but it is probable they can square themselves without a very great loss. It is to be hoped they can, as the trouble is not of their making. They deserve the sympathy and help of all and will doubtless get it.
Medford Mail, August 11, 1893, page 2
An Official Gone Wrong.
The people of Jackson County are agitated considerably over the disappearance of Geo. E. Bloomer, county treasurer, who has not been seen since last Saturday afternoon, when he left Medford for Ashland on the freight train. He had been called upon for a settlement by the county commissioners' court and should have made it on Tuesday. When the appointed time arrived he was not present, nor has he appeared since. Bloomer's whereabouts are unknown, but he is somewhere north of here, as he was a passenger on the train which left Ashland for Portland Saturday evening. What sum of money he is short has not been ascertained as yet, but enough is known to place the shortage at several thousand dollars. Bloomer was a popular young man with a promising future, and had many friends. His defalcation and subsequent flight is a genuine surprise to all. What he did with the money that is missing is not known, but it seems to be the general opinion that he spent the most of it foolishly, as he had very extravagant habits. It is to be hoped that Bloomer will yet return and straighten out matters. His bondsmen are Ben Haymond, J. Nunan, K. Kubli and Chas. Nickell.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 11, 1893, page 3
Cecil H. Bauer, representing R. L. Sabin, agent for the Mercantile Protective Association of Portland, arrived here yesterday morning, and in the evening attached the goods of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. and shut up the store. This morning the sheriff allowed the store to be reopened, and Cronemiller & Love are in charge and, for the time being, the business is going on as usual. What the final result will be no one seems to know. This action on the part of the agent of the mercantile association was taken on account of the defalcation and sudden departure of Geo. E. Bloomer, county treasurer and senior member of the firm. The bad conduct of the county business by Mr. Bloomer seems to have created a grave apprehension as to the condition of the business of the firm. The friends of Messrs. Cronemiller and Love hope for the best and will be gratified if the business of the firm shall be found to be straight and intact.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 11, 1893, page 3
R. R. Dunn, representing the Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. Co., is in town on a short business visit. The late county treasurer was agent for the company here, but Mr. Dunn informs us that his company will lose nothing by Mr. Bloomer's disappearance.
It is reported that Boulevard school district bonded the district for $2000, that the money was raised on the bonds and passed through the treasurer's hands and was deposited in the Ashland Bank. That before leaving Mr. Bloomer drew out $1000 of this money and made no deposit of it. If this be true the defalcation, so far as heard from, will reach about $9000.
David Linn, one of the oldest residents in Jacksonville and at present mayor, was appointed county treasurer in the place of Geo. E. Bloomer removed. Mr. Linn's bondsmen are C. C. Beekman, C. W. Kahler and Dr. Geo. DeBar. Jackson County was organized and its first county officers elected in 1853. Dr. E. H. Cleaveland was elected its first treasurer and resigned in a few months when Mr. Linn was appointed and held the office continuously, with the exception of one term when E. S. Morgan was elected for twelve years. There was no fixed salary at that time, the treasurer receiving two percent for receiving and two for disbursing any and all moneys that came into his hands. Mr. Bloomer is the first defaulter in the county since its organization.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 11, 1893, page 3
Still at Large.
Nothing has been heard from Geo. E. Bloomer, the defaulting treasurer of this county, and it is not likely that he will ever be back here again. Some of his victims will probably cause his indictment, and as there is no doubt of his guilt, he will not return with the certainty of being sent to the penitentiary for a term of years staring him in the face. Bloomer was last seen in Jackson County on Saturday evening, August 5th, when he went to Ashland. There somebody purchased a ticket to Roseburg for him. He told conductor Jamieson that he had been called to Portland by the illness of some of his relatives. Whether he really went to the metropolis or boarded the next southbound train, which came along a few hours afterward, and fled to California, nobody knows. It is more than likely that he is thousands of miles away by this time. The total amount of Bloomer's defalcation is not definitely known, but is between $7000 and $9000. Besides this he is indebted to several parties. He left very little property behind him, and his bondsmen will be obliged to pay nearly the full amount of his delinquency. It seems to be a mystery what Bloomer did with the large amount he stole. He was earning about $1500 a year, which should be more than enough to maintain any young man. Wicked, extravagant habits, coupled with rank dishonesty and ingratitude, were the downfall of a young man who had a most promising future, but who is now an outcast and a being upon whom is not bestowed a grain of sympathy.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 18, 1893, page 3
It is paradoxical but sadly true that loose financiering has made Geo. E. Bloomer a defaulter and caused his bondsmen to go deep down into their pants pockets to make good his deficiency. Is there not too loose a rein given to several county treasurers of our state? Whose duty is it to take up this slack? Will they do it? We shall see.
The defaulting treasurer of Douglas County has been arrested for misappropriating public funds to his own use, and upon a hearing being had he was bound over to appear before the grand jury with bonds fixed at $10,000. Jackson County's defaulter has skipped. That is, he has squandered the county's money to the extent of near $9,000 and decided he could best pay the debt of his high and riotous living by leaving the county and, as well, leaving his bondsmen to make good the deficiency. There would be just a grain of satisfaction left these bondsmen could they be assured that he who betrayed their confidence and squandered the money which they are now called upon to produce, could be made to serve a term in the penitentiary, but this it seems is not to be. The defaulter will be permitted to blossom in another country as rose-hued as upon the balmy day when he first took the oath of office as treasurer of Jackson County. Is it not in keeping with the usage of good county government for the county treasurer to be in a position to open his books for inspection at any time the county court may ask for such inspection? Would it not have been wholly in accord with the law to demand an immediate inspection and settlement? Is it absolutely necessary that an officer holding so responsible a position as county treasurer should be given a month's time to get his books in shape for inspection? Did the county court not know at their July session that Treasurer Bloomer was short in his accounts with the county? Was he given a month's notice in order that he might borrow the amount of money so due, or was it an act of official courtesy? Had the inspection been demanded at once, would Bloomer now be basking in the clime of another land and wondering how things are moving in blooming old Jackson? Well, hardly. The county, of course, has not lost any of this shortage, but have they not lost the interest on this money which he has squandered and which should have been applied on the payment of outstanding warrants? Most assuredly they have, and why? because he was allowed to run that office in a manner best suited to himself--and the law disregarded. And further, had Bloomer been able to have borrowed the necessary funds and come under the inspection wire with victory colors flying, would he still have been a good, trustworthy county treasurer? A portion of the law touching upon this particular case reads: "The county treasurer SHALL annually make a complete settlement with the county court at the regular JULY term thereof." Why did the county court [not] demand this settlement at their regular July session?
Medford Mail, August 18, 1893, page 2
R. R. Dunn of San Francisco, who was looking after the 18 machines which Geo. E. Bloomer purchased of the Wheeler & Wilson S.M. [sewing machine] Co. before he skipped, has returned, having recovered his property.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 18, 1893, page 3
Hon. Theo. Cameron has been appointed assignee of the estate of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co., and the business is progressing as usual. Messrs. Love and Cronemiller have the best wishes of all, and it is to be hoped that they will not suffer from the rascality of their whilom partner.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, August 18, 1893, page 3
The Oregon State Journal, published at Eugene, in speaking of the defaulting treasurers of Douglas and Jackson county, closes by asking "What is the matter with Southern Oregon, anyhow?" Why bless your dear picture, brother Kincaid, Southern Oregon is all right, but we want to tell you that the milk and honey of the best of God's land don't flow deep enough to float such county treasurers as those you speak of. When a county treasurer is so very slick that nothing short of fresh Baltimore oysters will suffice for his daily diet, the best of champagne for his nightly revelries, silk shirts and hose for his everyday apparel and is in fact a "high roller" all round--and while we think of it--for companions a whole lot of jolly fellows whose wheels gyrate at about the same altitude as the treasurer's, it is little wonder he didn't get the whole county in his vest pocket and steal away with it.
Medford Mail, August 25, 1893, page 2
They Winked at Bloomer.
From the Klamath Falls Star.
Then there's that dishonest Bloomer, of Jackson County, whom the county court of Jackson County tenderly winked at while he was fading away into sweet retiracy. He's a goner, and why did the court's eye flicker so dimly on his wickedness, knowing just the size of his thieving?
Medford Mail, August 25, 1893, page 3
If Bloomer is brought back to Jackson County there will be a considerable stirring up of dry bones in the vicinity of Jacksonville.
Report says Bloomer has been captured, in San Francisco, by the Pinkerton detective agency. If Bloomer went no farther than San Francisco he is a fool as well as a knave. A later report says that he is not captured, but located at some point near San Francisco.
Medford Mail, September 1, 1893, page 2
The Heavens Be Praised.
From the Eugene Register.
The Kickapoo Medicine Company will close up shop and quit business today. They will pack their things and store them in this city, while the people will be discharged, some of them remaining here and some going east.
This combination of money filchers were headed this way, and it is a kind providence which heads them off before they reach us. A gang of flour bin fakes, two circuses, and a defaulting county treasurer is quite as much of the fake infection as we can reasonably be expected to tolerate in one season.
Medford Mail, September 1, 1893, page 2
On His Trail.
Notwithstanding the public was not aware of it, efforts have secretly been made for the capture of Geo. E. Bloomer, the defaulting county treasurer, and it is now thought that the prospects for his capture are good. Telegrams received from P. Crowley, chief of police of San Francisco, announce that Bloomer has been located. A warrant for his arrest was issued by Justice Dunlap on Tuesday evening and forwarded to Mr. Crowley the next morning. However, up to the time the Times went to press no definite news of Bloomer's apprehension had been received. It is to be hoped that he will be brought to justice.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 1, 1893, page 3
Ashland TidingsA telegram was received from San Francisco Tuesday evening announcing that ex-Treasurer Geo. E. Bloomer had been apprehended in that city. A warrant was immediately sworn out for his arrest, and he will no doubt soon be brought face to face with those he has so deeply wronged. His return and trial will most likely result in showing who were those equally guilty parties who borrowed the county funds, swatting the law at defiance and marking a broad road to ruin for the too confiding and obliging ex-treasurer.
Lake County Examiner, Lakeview, September 7, 1893
The report last week that ex-county treasurer Bloomer was apprehended and was to be brought back was a sort of a flash-in-the-pan exhibition of justice. Bloomer hasn't been brought back, and there seems to be an element of mystery in the situation. People from Jacksonville do not appear to know what is the matter, or whether Bloomer was really located by some meddlesome detective down in California who had heard about a $500 reward being offered for his arrest. The fact is, there are several people in Jackson County who would be greatly pained to see Bloomer brought back to answer questions in court, and while there may be some effort made in a perfunctory way to have him brought to justice, there is little likelihood of his being disturbed by the law unless he comes back of his own volition.
"Brevities," Ashland Tidings, September 8, 1893, page 3
The County court gave Bloomer thirty days to get his books in shape for inspection--Bloomer skipped before the thirty days had elapsed--County Court now offers $500 reward for his arrest--comment is unnecessary.
Medford Mail, September 15, 1893, page 2
More Money Stolen.
The people of School District No. 75, the new district cut off from Ashland, are in trouble over the theft by the defaulting ex-treasurer of $1000 of the $2000 which they received from the sale of bonds for the purpose of building a school house, says the Tidings. The law required the district to deposit the funds with the county treasurer. The bondsmen of Bloomer claim that they are not held for the loss of this money, because the law adding this new responsibility on him was passed after they qualified on his bonds. The attorneys for the county, who are suing Bloomer's bondsmen, refuse to include the school district money in the amount claimed because, they say, it might make the county responsible for the loss of it in case the claim against the bondsmen be disallowed. Therefore, the school district will have to proceed with a suit of its own. E. D. Briggs is the attorney for the district, and he will probably begin suit first against the county. The school district will eventually recover the money, either from Bloomer's bondsmen, from the county, or from the state by special relief act.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 15, 1893, page 3
Bloomer Heard From.
One of the bondsmen of the defaulting county treasurer last Friday received a letter from Bloomer, which was mailed in San Francisco on Sept. 6th. It is likely that he was well out of harm's way before the epistle was started on its journey to Jacksonville by some friend of his. The appearance of the letter denotes that Bloomer was probably in his cups when he wrote it, although the self-assurance and romance for which he is well known are not absent therefrom.
"Enclosed please find two warranty deeds of mine to property in Portland and East Portland, Oregon. I suppose you can get it in some way or other. I give it to you. Little did I think when elected county treasurer of Jackson County, Or. that it would come to this. Well, I am a ruined man; but, however, I will, if it is the will of God to do so, pay every cent of my shortage. I have no excuse to make. All I can say is this: that I haven't a cent of the money, not one cent, and where it has gone is more than I can tell. However, when I get any money, I will make you whole. When you receive this I will be quite a distance from America, and I will not return until I have money enough to pay all. I have signed a contract for a year's work already at a better salary than I ever got in America, as soon as I reach my destination. You cannot imagine what I suffer; it is as bad as ten deaths. I can't eat, nor can I sleep, am falling to skin and bone. I think as soon as I am employed I will improve."
Bloomer's plea for sympathy and his promises to pay are specious indeed. As he is known to have absconded with between $1,000 and $2,000 in cash, the question naturally arises what did he do with it, or is he simply practicing deception. It would have been far more honorable upon his part, and much more satisfactory to everybody as well as himself, had he faced the music and made such reparation as was in his power to make.
Democratic Times, September 15, 1893, page 3
Bloomer in Tears.
Jerry Nunan, of Jacksonville, one of the bondsmen of the defaulting county treasurer, Bloomer, received a letter from Bloomer last week. It was dated Sept. 2d and mailed Sept. 6th. Bloomer entered the baby plea with all its lachrymose variations. He said his hair has grown white as cotton, and his friends wouldn't know him now. He said he really didn't know what had become of the $8,000 or $10,000 that had disappeared from the treasury, but hoped to pay it back someday. He was going away from America never to be seen in his native land again, nor to be a candidate for the distinction of "most popular man in Jackson County." The letter was dated and mailed at San Francisco.
It is the general opinion that Bloomer has gone to the Sandwich Islands.
Ashland Tidings, September 15, 1893, page 3
As will be seen by notice elsewhere, the county authorities have offered a reward of $500 for the arrest and detention of Geo. E. Bloomer, ex-treasurer of this county, who has been indicted for larceny.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 22, 1893, page 3
A notice appears elsewhere in this paper offering a reward for the arrest of Geo. E. Bloomer. It will appear in all the four papers published in the county--and the taxpayers foot the bills. "Round and round she goes and when she'll stop nobody knows."
Medford Mail, September 22, 1893, page 2
A Good All-Round Man.
The county court of Jackson wants to know the whereabouts of Geo. E. Bloomer, the defaulting treasurer of that county, and describes him as follows: Is 28 years old, weight 175 pounds, height about 5 feet 11 inches, a little round shouldered, dark clear skin, black hair inclined to curl, dark eyes, usually wears a mustache, eyebrows meet in center, has quite a heavy chin, wears a No. 7 hat, is fond of show and flattery and is quite a ladies' man; likes jewelry, diamonds, etc., and is up to the latest fashion in dress; is cool and calm, and not easily excited; quite a conversationalist, and given to exaggeration in most everything; has worked at different occupations; pretty good farmer and teamsters, and good hand in logging camp; has had considerable experience in the mercantile business and is a good salesman.Still at Large.
Roseburg Plaindealer, September 28, 1893, page 3
The large number of unaccountable and mysterious disappearances of late are not flattering to human vanity. They show that almost anyone can easily disappear from the gaze of mankind and not be recognized after he gets outside his immediate circle of acquaintances. The world is large, and the average man is easily lost in the crowd, even though he be "quite a lady's man" and "up to the latest fashion in dress," and wearing diamonds in a foreign country. That $500 reward will never be paid, but the cash on the bills for advertising it will come out of the taxpayers' pockets.
Rumor is current that Bloomer's bondsmen will pay their obligations to the county if the court says they must--that is, they will stand a lawsuit before paying. If the rumor be true and the bondsmen should win, then the county may enter into a little matter of litigation with the county court and--"round and round she goes." In the meantime who is paying the interest on these outstanding warrants which should have been paid with that $9000--the sum Bloomer didn't have in his inside pocket when he took a walk--and the boys winked.
Procrastination is said to be the thief of time, but to Bloomer it was a boon. Nearly two months after the date he flew, the county court offers a reward for his arrest. Jackson County officials are a very swift people.
Through the clouds of gloom, despondency and depression comes a bright, reassuring ray of light--it is more than probable Jackson County taxpayers will not be called upon to pay that $500 reward.
Medford Mail, September 29, 1893, page 2
Will be paid by the county court of Jackson County, Oregon for the arrest and detention of
GEORGE E. BLOOMER,
defaulting Treasurer of Jackson County, Oregon, who has been indicted by the grand jury for larceny.
George E. Bloomer is 25 years old, weight about 175 pounds, height about 5 feet 11 inches, a little round-shouldered, dark, clear skin, black hair, inclined to curl, dark eyes, usually wears a mustache, eyebrows meet in center, has quite a heavy chin, wears a No. 7 hat, is fond of show and flattery and is quite a ladies' man, likes jewelry, diamonds, etc. and is up to the latest fashion in dress, is cool and calm and not easily excited, quite a conversationalist and given to exaggeration in most everything, has worked at different occupations, pretty good farmer and teamster, and good hand in logging camp, has had considerable experience in the mercantile business and is a good salesman.
The above reward has been offered by the county court of Jackson County, Oregon for the arrest, detention and delivery of George E. Bloomer to the sheriff of Jackson County, Oregon, at the place where he may be detained.
J. R. NEIL,Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 22, 1893, page 3
County Judge of Jackson County, Ore.
Medford Mail, September 29, 1893, page 2
The Bloomer bond case will be heard at the December term of the circuit court. The exact amount which the bondsmen will be asked to pay has not been ascertained as yet.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 29, 1893, page 3
Everything is being sold at cost at Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co.'s, without reserve. This is a genuine closing-out sale.
The entire stock of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. is being disposed of at cost. Go and get bargains.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 6, 1893, page 3
Bloomer's departure seems to have almost been forgotten. The inertia in this matter, like lots of other monkey business in Jackson County, breeds no good to the taxpayers of the county. The tide in the affairs of Jackson County's financial manipulators is fast drifting them into very shallow water, but before they are grounded the taxpayers will pay the cost of Bloomer's high carnivals--all the same Jones, who "pays the freight."
Medford Mail, October 30, 1893, page 3
Nothing has been heard from Geo. E. Bloomer, the defaulting treasurer of this county, and it is not likely that he will ever be back here again. Some of his victims will probably cause his indictment, and as there is no doubt of his guilt he will not return with the certainty of being sent to the penitentiary for a term of years staring him in the face. Bloomer was last seen in Jackson County on Saturday evening, August 5th, when he purchased a ticket to Roseburg for him. He told Conductor Jamieson that he had been called to Portland by the illness of some of his relatives. Whether he really went to the metropolis or boarded the next southbound train, which came along a few hours afterward, and fled to California, nobody knows. It is more than likely that he is thousands of miles away by this time. The total amount of Bloomer's defalcation is not definitely known, but is between $7000 and $9000. Besides this he is indebted to several parties. He left very little property behind him, and his bondsmen will be obliged to pay nearly the full amount of his delinquency. It seems to be a mystery what Bloomer did with the large amount he stole. He was earning about $1500 a year, which should be more than enough to maintain any young man. Wicked, extravagant habits, coupled with rank dishonesty and ingratitude, were the downfall of a young man who had a most promising future, but who is now an outcast and a being upon whom is not bestowed a grain of sympathy.--Jacksonville Times.
Roseburg Plaindealer, October 24, 1893, page 3
It is currently reported over the country that treasurer Bloomer's hair has turned snow white, caused by appropriating the people's money to his own use. Who of his friends has been visiting him to bear the sad intelligence of his premature old age?
"Lake Creek Creeklets," Medford Mail, November 3, 1893, page 2
"The Rock Point summer term of school closed Friday. Owing to the sudden departure of our county treasurer the term was very short." The above appeared in the Rock Point correspondence in The Mail of last week. There is a text in the above from which a sermon of lasting good might be written and which ought to be preached at the fireside of every one of ex-treasurer Bloomer's bondsmen. Not only is the county to be fleeced out of the use of the money Bloomer stole until such time as the courts shall decide that they must make good the thief's defalcations, but the children of those, who in many instances, can give their little ones at the best only a very meager education and few chattels or acres of land, are to be deprived of the benefits of a few months' schooling because that a county treasurer has stolen their school funds, but the curse of the theft is not visited alone upon he who stole their money but as well upon those of his bondsmen who refuse to make good his shortcomings because that they see a possible loophole in the process of law through which they may escape the payment of their obligations to the county. As to how much of this sort of business the taxpayers of Jackson County will stand is more than we can guess, but that there are grounds for an investigation, particularly in the Bloomer case, there don't seem to be any question. There is positively something dead wrong in the workings of Jackson County affairs, and The Mail is ready to give its assistance to any party or parties who will take the initiatory step toward locating the crookedness and releasing the people from the tax yoke which is galling them to the quick and impoverishing their purse.
Medford Mail, November 10, 1893, page 2
How is that investigation of county affairs coming on? Are you going to investigate or are things being conducted about as you would like them to be?
Medford Mail, November 24, 1893, page 2
David Bloomer and family are now residents of Tualatin, Oregon.
"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 15, 1893, page 3
Suit Against the Friends of a Defaulter.
ASHLAND, Or., Dec. 22.--In the case of Jackson County vs. the bondsmen of ex-Treasurer Bloomer, the defaulting county treasurer, the evidence has all been submitted and taken down in shorthand, but as some time will be occupied in transcribing it, the argument will not be heard for some time yet. Bloomer defaulted for about $8000, and skipped the country. His bondsmen are amply able to make good the shortage, but are making a strong legal fight to have the bonds set aside, claiming that Bloomer was a defaulter at the end of a previous term as treasurer and the county court was cognizant of such shortage at the time.
Capital Journal, Salem, December 22, 1893, page 1
Judge Hanna this week heard the argument in the case of Jackson County vs. Bloomer and his bondsmen, and has taken the same under advisement. C. W. Kahler and District Attorney Benson appeared for the plaintiff and Judge Prim and Hon. W. M. Colvig for the defendants.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 11, 1894, page 3
CASE OF DEFAULTING COUNTY TREASURER.
In the circuit court the case of Jackson County vs. George E. Bloomer, the defaulting county treasurer, and his bondsmen, District Attorney Benson and C. W. Kahler appeared for the prosecution, and ex-Chief Justice Prim and Hon. W. M. Colvig for the defense. It was ably handled on both sides and submitted to the court last night.
"The Midwinter Fair Fund," Oregonian, Portland, January 11, 1894, page 3
And now is made known the fact that the destitute soldiers and sailors, if there be any, in Jackson County are to suffer through the defalcations of ex-Treasurer Bloomer. Tuesday of this week one of our prominent citizens was at the county seat, and while there asked Judge Neil regarding the $500 soldiers' and sailors' contingent fund, and by that official was informed that "Bloomer took it." This fund is created by a certain percent of the county's general tax being set aside, and is for the exclusive support of destitute soldiers and sailors. "Bloomer took it" is becoming a stereotyped expression at the county's seat of government when any question as to money matters is broached. May the curse of not only the soldiers and sailors but of every taxpayer in Jackson County be upon the heads of Bloomer and those who were directly responsible for his defalcations--and there are said to be more than a few mixed up in the deal.
Medford Mail, January 19, 1894, page 2
More Light Wanted.
Ed. Medford Mail.--In a recent number of The Mail, attention was called to the dilatory action of those whose duty it is to investigate the case of our much-lamented county treasurer.
As this subject is of vital interest to the taxpayers of Jackson County many of your readers have since been early watching its columns, hoping to get some light upon this all-absorbing topic. If you or anyone else can give our citizens any information upon this question at this time, rest assured it will be duly appreciated, as their intense anxiety is fast giving place to righteous indignation. With the rate of taxation advanced to a point unprecedented in the history of our country, and the seeming indifference of those who should investigate the stealing of the county funds, added to the embarrassing influence the present hard times is having upon the business interest of our people, it is a little wonder that every taxpayer holds a private indignation meeting every time he thinks of the Bloomer steal. It is high time that the mystery and suspicion hanging over this affair were cleared away, and if there are any silent partners in the steak [sic] as many believe, the fact should be made known. While the uncertainty of the county ever recovering the stolen funds effects various interests, perhaps none are so seriously injured as those of education. From information gained from various parts of the county, I think that more than 25 percent of the country districts that usually have winter schools have none at present solely on account of the shortage of funds caused by crookedness of our county treasurer. To many of the older pupils of these districts this loss is irreparable, even if the funds are hereafter recovered, as they will have bidden the schoolroom the last adieu before another winter, and have taken their places in the more active scenes of life. There may be no power known to COURTS OF JUSTICE that will compel those whose duty it is to investigate this case to proceed at once, and then make public report of their work, not to oblige Mr. Bloomer's bondsmen to state whether they intend to honor their bond, and thereby remove the uncertainty and the attendant damaging influence that is now disturbing the county schools and other interests, nevertheless the unstifled voice of MORAL LAW is now demanding it, and at its bar public opinion is fast rendering a just verdict.
S. A. SIMONS.
Medford Mail, January 26, 1894, page 1
A DEFECTIVE COMPLAINT.
Jackson County Loses Its Suit by Careless Pleading.
JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 14.--In the case of Jackson County against George E. Bloomer, the defaulting county treasurer, Judge Hanna handed down a decision in chambers today adverse to the county, upon the limitations of the complaint. The complaint alleged that between July 6, 1892, and August 5, 1893, Bloomer collected and received something over $15,000, which allegation limited the evidence so as to prevent the consideration of any evidence of money that came into on or prior to that date, and resulted in a failure of proof sufficient to sustain plaintiff's cause of action. The evidence showed that within the time alleged Bloomer had paid out money largely in excess of his receipts during the same period. Bloomer had, however, received over $90,000, but the complaint was so drawn as to prevent the county from showing this fact, or the judge from considering it in his decision. What further action the county will take in the matter is not known.
Oregonian, Portland, February 15, 1894, page 3
Upon July 6, 1892, Bloomer received into his hand about $10,000 of the county's money, this being the amount he had on hand at the close of his old term and the commencement of his new term as county treasurer. In the pleadings before Judge Hanna the date of reckoning began upon July 7, '92, and expired Aug. 5, '93, or, in other words, the period of time between July 6, '92 and August 5, '93, which in a legal way does not cover either of these dates, and the $10,000 wasn't counted in. Had the pleadings read these dates inclusive instead of between, there would have probably been a decidedly different decision made by the judge.
Medford Mail, February 16, 1894, page 2
JACKSON COUNTY VS. BLOOMER'S BONDSMEN.
Judge Hanna handed down a decision Wednesday in the case wherein Jackson County was plaintiff and the bondsmen of the defaulting treasurer, Geo. E. Bloomer, were defendants, in which he finds, from the pleadings, that Bloomer received into his hands between the specific dates alleged in the complaint, the sum of $91049.62, and that he paid into the treasury during that period the sum of $95986.52. The court further finds in favor of the defendants--the bondsmen--and that they have judgment for their cost in this action. There seems to be something remarkable about this affair. It is either a remarkable decision by the court, remarkable stupidity in the preparation of the pleadings by the attorneys representing the county, or a remarkable escapade on the part of Bloomer, for the decision shows that the festive ex-treasurer has to his credit in the county treasury the sum of $4936.90 instead of a defalcation of about $10,000. We learn that Judge Hanna's decision is based on the pleadings and the evidence adduced and that his decision is in accordance with the law and the evidence. This being the case, there must have been something radically wrong with the pleadings, for the public well know there is a stupendous defalcation by the ex-treasurer. Another remarkable feature is that the county court and county clerk found by the treasurer's books that he (Bloomer) was a defaulter in a sum near $10,000, and now Judge Hanna finds that the county owes Bloomer nearly $5000. Just how an error of $15,000 could possibly have been made is past finding out. Nothing short of an expert investigation will reveal the workings of what seems to be a most outrageous steal by someone connected with the affair.
Medford Mail, February 16, 1894, page 2
The hypocrites who edit the Ashland Tidings and Medford Mail are vigorously engaged in the attempt to work themselves into a patriotic frenzy over the Bloomer bond question. Neither one can deny the accuracy of Judge Hanna's decision, or the cogency of his reasoning; nor can anyone else do so. Judging from the tone of their last issues, those fellows are not nearly so much incensed at the fact that the county was unsuccessful in this action as over the failure to cinch the editor of the Times, who happens to be one of the bondsmen. That's the sort of principle which always prompts them.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 19, 1894, page 2
We learn that another suit will be commenced at once against the bondsmen of G. E. Bloomer, Jackson County's defaulting treasurer.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 19, 1894, page 3
Medford, Oregon, Feb. 21, 1894.To the Editor of the Times:
I wish to beg your indulgence and that of your readers for a few remarks upon the editorial, which appeared in a late issue of the Ashland Tidings, in relation to Judge Hanna's decision on the Bloomer bond case. While I have not the "presumption," like the writer of that article, to attempt to analyze and criticize the decision of a trained lawyer and jurist of acknowledged ability and integrity upon what was essentially a point of law, I wish to answer that journal from the standpoint of reason and common sense.
Judge Hanna rendered the only decision he could have made in this matter to avoid a reversal by the supreme court, if the case was appealed. He was compelled to lay aside all knowledge of the matter which did not come properly before him in his judicial capacity and decide as if he had never heard of Bloomer or the defalcation. He could not go outside of the record and base a decision on hearsay evidence. Anybody with a thimbleful of brains should know that, and the Tidings' "presumption" that his honor should have given a decision in favor of the county under any circumstance is one of the most glaring examples of impudence and dishonesty I have ever heard of.
It was never alleged in the complaint that $10,981.51, or any other sum, was turned over to Bloomer at the commencement of his second term of office, or at any other time; nor is there anything in the evidence to prove it. Neither does it appear on any record of the county court, where it should properly be shown. Of course, it is "presumed" that such a sum was in Bloomer's hands at the close of his first term of office and was turned over by him to his successor, but the judge could not know that fact without proof, and although the plaintiff introduced evidence to show it over the objection of the defendant's counsel, it was unable to prove, on account of the limitations of the complaint, that any such deficit was ever in existence. The court could not "presume" that this sum was turned over, because it could not be proven that there was any balance remaining in Bloomer's hands at the close of his first term of office.
Judge Hanna granted the plaintiff all the latitude possible in the trial of the cause, and would gladly have made a decision in favor of the county. But he knew, and every attorney who knows anything about the case agrees with him, that a decision for the plaintiff under the circumstances would have been followed by an appeal to the supreme court and a reversal had on the very point which the Tidings complains of.
It is not true that the decision is based upon the omission of two words or any number of words in the complaint; but upon the fact that there was no allegation made that there had been any sum of money turned over to Bloomer on the 6th day of July 1892 or at any other time, and that the plaintiff had not proven its existence as chargeable to Bloomer or his bondsmen.
How any judge following the law and the facts could have decided otherwise, or how anyone could criticize his decision is incomprehensible.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 22, 1894, page 2
Francis Fitch of Medford has been employed by the county to assist its attorneys in the Bloomer case.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 22, 1894, page 3
Jackson County should change its name and keep from insulting "Old Hickory's" character and sturdy, stiff-backed integrity. In view of the flour bin and Bloomer fakes I would suggest the name of Sucker County. However, if this should appear unseemly let us suggest Sardine County in honor of the taxpayers who have been "voting as they prayed and shot" for over a quarter of a century. Or if that does not fill the bill name it Fossil County in honor of the farmer who, lathered, plastered and bespattered with mortgage, debt and taxes wants a high tariff "to keep Europe out" and a gold basis so that he can trade with Yurrup. If these are faulty let the county court and the late Mr. Bloomer's bondsmen "get together again" and change the name to suit themselves, but for "Old Hickory's" sake don't call it Jackson.
"Medford Items," Valley Record, Ashland, February 22, 1894, page 3
BLOOMER BOND DECISION
Full Text of Judge Hanna's Opinion.
Why the County Lost Its Case Against
the Defaulting County Treasurer's Bondsmen.
In the case of Jackson County, plaintiff, vs. Geo. E. Bloomer, treasurer, Jeremiah Nunan, Benjamin Haymond, Chas. Nickell and K. Kubli, sureties, defendants; civil action to recover money.
DECISION.This action having been tried during the December term of said court for 1893, without a jury and submitted on the pleadings, evidence and arguments of counsel for both parties and taken under advisement, and the court now being fully advised in the premises, makes and files its decision as follows:
FINDINGS OF FACT.First--That at the general election held on the 6th day of June, 1892, the defendant, George E. Bloomer, was duly elected county treasurer of Jackson County, state of Oregon, for the full term of two years, beginning on the first Monday in July, 1892. Thereafter on the 6th day of July, 1892, said Geo. E. Bloomer, as principal, and the defendants, Jeremiah Nunan, Benjamin Haymond, Chas. Nickell and K. Kubli, as sureties, duly executed and delivered the official bond or undertaking set out in the amended complaint filed in this action, and the said bond or undertaking was on said 6th day of July, 1892, duly filed with the clerk of said county, and on the same day duly approved by the county court thereof.
Second--That said defendant, George E. Bloomer, immediately upon the filing and approving of said official bond or undertaking, on said 6th day of July, 1892, assumed the duties of his trust, and entered upon the discharge of his official duties as such treasurer under said election, and thereafter continued in the discharge of such duties under said election until on or about the 5th day of August, 1893, when he ceased to perform the duties of such office and absconded from the state of Oregon.
Third--That between said 6th day of July, 1892, and said 5th day of August, 1893, the said George E. Bloomer, as treasurer, as aforesaid, collected and received various sums of money applicable to the several funds of which he was the custodian, and of which he was chargeable to the county, amounting in the aggregate to the sum of $91,049.62, and no more.
Fourth--That during the same period of time, to wit: Between the 6th day of July, 1892, and the 6th day of August, 1893, the said George E. Bloomer legally paid out as such treasurer, and is entitled to a credit on a settlement with said county, including the credits allowed and admitted by plaintiff in said complaint, various sums of money amounting in the aggregate to the sum of $94,986.52, a sum largely in excess of all moneys received by said treasurer during the time alleged in the complaint.
CONCLUSION OF LAW.That plaintiff is not entitled to recover in this action, but the defendants are entitled to judgment for their costs and disbursements.
H. K. HANNA, Judge.
Dated Feb. 14, 1894.
OPINION.This cause, by consent of parties, was tried by the court without intervention of jury.
By stipulation of the parties all objections as to the admissibility of evidence were to be made at the time the interrogations were presented, and that the argument and the ruling of the court upon each objection and the argument and ruling upon all motions should be suspended until the final argument of the cause.
In order to reach a decision, it is necessary for the court to ascertain the real issues presented by the pleadings in this case.
The complaint substantially alleges that George E. Bloomer was duly elected treasurer of Jackson County at the general election held in June, 1892; that on the 6th day of July, 1882, he filed his bond to the state of Oregon, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties, having appended thereto the names of Jeremiah Nunan, Ben Haymond, Chas. Nickell and K. Kubli, as sureties; that said bond was duly approved by the county court of said county on said 6th day of July, 1892.
That said George E. Bloomer, as treasurer aforesaid, in violation of the terms and conditions of said bond or undertaking and in breach of his trust as such treasurer, between said 6th day of July, 1892, and said 5th day of August, 1893, collected and received various sums of money as such treasurer, being a part of the taxes raised in this county and belonging to the plaintiff, amounting to the sum of $15,345.89, which he failed to account for, or to pay over, and he is unable to do so; that said Geo. E. Bloomer, although called on and requested to do so, failed and neglected to make any settlement with the county court at the regular July term, 1893, thereof as required by law, and has ever since failed and neglected to make any settlement.
The complaint further alleges that said Boomer absconded from the state, leaving said $15,345.89 unsettled and unaccounted for, and also admits credits amounting to $7,493.18, and prays for a judgment of $7,752.76.
The answer of defendants deny any breach of trust between said 6th day on July, 1892, and said 5th day of August, 1893, and deny any balance due plaintiff after deducting said credits.
A fair and reasonable construction of the complaint compels one to say that the plaintiff intended to charge the defendants with certain sums of money collected and received by Mr. Bloomer between certain dates therein named, to wit: Between July 6, 1892, and August 5, 1893, and with none other.
That the defendants so understood it is evidenced by their confining their denials to the precise time between said dates.
On the trial the plaintiff introduced evidence, tending to prove that the said George E. Bloomer had served a term as county treasurer of Jackson County prior to the term for which he was elected in June, 1892; he succeeded himself as such treasurer, and that at the close of his term in 1892 he was chargeable to the county in the sum of $10,981.23 as the amount remaining in his hands as such treasurer.
The evidence which was objected to by the defendants, but was received under the stipulation heretofore mentioned, and the court is now called upon to say whether or not it should be considered in a determination of this cause.
There was no direct evidence showing that the alleged $10,981.23 was actually in the hands of Mr. Bloomer at the expiration of his term in 1892; but the presumption of the law in such cases would come to the aid of the plaintiff if the allegations of the complaint are broad enough to admit it.
There is no reference whatever in the complaint to the defendant Bloomer having served a prior term as treasurer, or that he succeeded himself or that any money whatever remained in his hands at the close of his first term to be turned over to his successor, or that he had in his hands as treasurer at the time he assumed the duties of his trust on July 6, 1892, any money belonging to the plaintiff.
It seems clear that in order to charge the defendants with money in the hands of Mr. Bloomer at the time he entered upon the duties of his office, that there should be such allegations in the complaint as would apprise the defendants of that fact. Not only is there a want of such allegations, but the pleader seems to have intended to limit the liability of the defendants to money received by Mr. Bloomer from other sources.
The complaint expressly charges them with money received between the 6th of July, 1892, and the 5th day of August, 1893, thereby excluding from consideration any money on hand or received by Mr. Bloomer as treasurer on said 6th day of July or at any time prior thereto.
The law presumes that Mr. Bloomer had in his hands at the close of his official term on July, 1892, all the money that he was properly chargeable with as such official, and that the full amount thereof passed into his hands as his own successor immediately upon his qualifying as such successor, to wit: On the 6th day of July, 1892. But there is no presumption that he received it at some subsequent time.
If the evidence relative to the amount of money which it is claimed Mr. Bloomer was chargeable at the close of his term in 1892 could be considered, still there would be in my view of the case an entire failure of proof, presumptive or otherwise, showing that the $10,981.23, or any portion thereof, was actually turned over to himself or reserved by him between the dates alleged in the complaint.
The evidence of the plaintiff shows that between the 6th day of July, 1892, and the 5th day of August, 1893, Mr. Bloomer received as treasurer money belonging to different funds aggregating $91,049.62. This is exclusive of the $10.981.23 claimed to have been chargeable to Mr. Bloomer at the close of his former term. Evidence from the same source shows that Mr. Bloomer had paid out during the same period $95,986.52, including the amounts admitted to his credit in the complaint.
Governed by my understanding of the rules of pleading, and the admissibility of evidence, I am compelled--much to my regret--to hold that the evidence offered by plaintiff relative to the amount which it is claimed Mr. Bloomer was chargeable with at the close of his term in 1892 must be laid aside and cannot be considered in this case.
Confining the enquiry to the amounts--as shown by the evidence--that Mr. Bloomer did actually collect and receive, and the amounts paid out by him between the dates named in the complaint, it necessarily follows that plaintiff fails to establish the allegation of the complaint and his right to recover.
As the case is one of interest to the public, I have departed from my usual rule and have herein briefly set forth my reasons for the findings and decision filed in this cause.
H. K. HANNA, Judge.
C. W. Kahler and H. L. Benson for plaintiff; P. P. Prim & Son, Watson, Beekman & Watson and W. M. Colvig for defendants.
Valley Record, Ashland, February 22, 1894, page 1
On the last page of today's Mail will be found Judge Hanna's decision and opinion in the Bloomer case. Talk has it that a new hearing will be granted.
----Judge Hanna is being censured not a little on his decision in the Bloomer bond question. The censure seems to arise from the fact of his sitting and listening to arguments which he must have known to be wholly farcical.
----Instead of being a defaulter Bloomer is a benefactor. The very generous and much abused young man ought now to return, claim his $4936.90 and sue the county for defamation of character. This last bit of procedure, as suggested, would be strictly in line with the monkey business which has been going on since the Bloomer farce began.
----The Jacksonville Times says the editor of The Mail is a hypocrite. The consistency of an expression like this coming from Nickell is really amusing. The worst hypocrite that God ever permitted the sun to shine upon is as far above this human leech who edits the Times as are the stars above the earth. In the same item in which the Times calls us a hypocrite is made the assertion that The Mail is incensed more because that Nickell, as one of Bloomer's bondsmen, was not cinched than because that the county is compelled to lose the amount of the ex-treasurer's shortage. You are a long ways from the mark, Mr. Nickell, and even if you were cinched for the amount it would only be to you the taking of a dose of your own medicine. It would be too bad if you, who for many years past have been cinching the residents of this valley, irrespective of person, was now to be cinched, as you say, out of a few dollars which your accomplice and ally has defrauded the county out of. And while we are speaking of defrauding calls to mind the fact that Bloomer would have been a defaulter for a much less amount had the loans which 'tis alleged you made from him been smaller and less frequent. But that talk of a person or persons rejoicing over the possible cinch of a man of your stripe sounds too much like the wail of a baby. Even if it was a cinch game just how much of the process would be required to square accounts with a man who will charge $20 for publishing a sheriff sale, measuring less than three and a half inches, is difficult to determine.
Medford Mail, February 23, 1894, page 2
Summons.Medford Mail, March 30, 1894, page 2
In the Circuit Court of the State of Oregon,
for the County of Jackson.
Isaac M. Muller, Plaintiff, vs. George E. Bloomer, Defendant.
To Geo. E. Bloomer, the above-named Defendant,
IN THE NAME OF THE STATE OF OREGON you are hereby required to appear and answer the complaint filed against you in the above entitled action by the first day of the next regular term of the circuit court in Jackson County, Oregon, to wit: The second day of April, 1894; and if you fail so to answer, for want thereof, the Plaintiff will take judgment against you for One Hundred and Thirty-Three Dollars and Thirty-Three Cents, and Twenty Dollars attorney's fees, and for the costs and disbursements in this action.
This Summons is published in The Medford Mail, by order of Hon. H. K. Hanna, Judge of said Court, made on the 12th day of February, 1894.
W. H. PARKER,
Attorney for Plaintiff.
Medford Mail, February 23, 1894, page 2
Ex-Treasurer Bloomer has not returned. His pals will probably draw his county boodle.
M. S. Welch, of Central Point, was in Medford Monday on business. If any person believes for a minute that Mr. Welch has any love for the present condition of county affairs, and the men who made them what they are, they have but to get a few of his opinions--and they are at once convinced to the contrary.
Polk Hull was in from his Spikenard farm last Saturday. The gentleman says his neighbors, as well as himself, are greatly incensed over the way the county affairs are being conducted. Mr. Hull is a thoroughly honest and courteous gentleman, and anything he may say regarding these affairs come from one unbiased and are founded upon principles of justifiable indignation.
"Purely Personal," Medford Mail, February 23, 1894, page 3
A farmer recently plodding his way through the mud and mire found Mr. Whetstone with a load of wood vainly trying to find the bottom of the road, but in his endeavor found it as hopeless a task as getting at the bottom of the Bloomer case. However, with the assistance of the aforesaid farmer he succeeded in getting his load out.
"Griffin Creek Gatherings," Medford Mail, February 23, 1894, page 4
To Be Appealed.The attorneys for the county in the Bloomer bond case have filed a bill of exceptions and will in all probability take an appeal from Judge Hanna's decision to the supreme court, which will be heard at the October term thereof, as it is now too late to perfect the papers in time for the March term.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 1, 1894, page 3
Report was current about Medford Tuesday to the effect that Jacksonville parties, Nickell among them, were figuring on garnisheeing the money which Judge Hanna decided the county owed Bloomer--claiming they had unpaid bills against Bloomer. The Mail don't believe this to be true. It probably came from some jesting remark to the effect that this would undoubtedly be the outcome of the affair. The people at Jacksonville are too clever to get beyond the limit of insult which they think the people will stand.
----Things have quieted down at the county seat, and it is undoubtedly presumed that those who have so cleverly manipulated affairs in the Bloomer farce trial now figure that only a few weeks will be necessary for the wounds thus inflicted upon the taxpayers' purses to heal, after which they will blossom out in pure, white colors and ask more favors at the hands of the dear people. They figure, however, beyond a possible calculation, and when the time arrives for the people to extend the usual political courtesies, these official vultures' pretended dove-like wings will be found too deeply dyed in corrupt county management to admit of their being further allowed to blunder at will the finances of the county.
Medford Mail, March 2, 1894, page 2
Dedicated to Judge Hanna and the County Court.
To the common mind, untrained in legal lore, a careful perusal of Judge Hanna's statements of the dates fixed, and the stipulations of the trial of the Bloomer case, indicate a deep and an adroitly laid scheme to try the case under such restrictions as would ensure the release of the bondsmen from any existing obligation to the county.
To the illogical mind of the property holder it is hard to accept the theory that the result is due to the overestimate of the legal ability of attorney employed to prosecute the case in court by the commissioners. The county judge himself is an attorney at law. Is he, too, so lacking legal ability that he did not know the inevitable result of such a presentation of so important a case in court would be defeat? Or, is it the result of his inactivity and indifference to the county's interest? An explanation is in order.
Of all the duties devolving upon the county court the duty of carefully guarding the county treasury is the most sacred, and one of its most imperative duties is to make a full and complete settlement with the county treasurer at the close of the term and to see to it that every dollar that belongs to the treasury is in sight.
Was such settlement made with Geo. E. Bloomer at the close of his first term?
IF NOT, WHY NOT?
If it was made, did it disclose, as now claimed, that he was a defaulter to the extent of eight or ten thousand dollars? If such settlement did disclose the fact that he was a defaulter at the end of his first term, will the county court explain their reasons for permitting him to enter upon the duties of his second term before such shortage was made good?
The fact that one of the commissioners is on Bloomer's bond indicates a screw loose somewhere, and that it was done in ignorance of the fact that Bloomer was at the time a defaulter.
The result of the farce, called a trial, is to fasten upon the property of the county an additional mortgage. If the county commissioners can give any reasonable explanation for their seeming mismanagement and indifference, let them do so at their earliest convenience and thereby allay the deep feeling of indignation existing all over the county.
Medford Mail, March 2, 1894, page 2
The wormy chestnut and cuckoo of the Mail, who is following in the footsteps of every aspirant to journalistic fame, with which the people of Medford have been burdened since the city started, is attempting to elevate himself into notice by abusing the editor of the Times. We are accustomed to these pismires, and would not pay any attention to this one were it not to unmask the officious and very insignificant individual who lurks, as is his nature, in the background. Accustomed to a diet of sowbelly, hominy and sorghum and to warming his spindle shanks by a fire made from buffalo chips, this Mail importation from the blizzard-swept plains of North Dakota feels unduly inflated by the rich diet of southern Oregon and seeks to discharge his surplus excrement, like Gulliver's yahoo, upon those who happen to get in his way. Not content with this, he has become the mouthpiece of the most grasping lawyer who ever appeared at the bar of this judicial district, and forgetting that he cannot ally himself with a skunk without retaining some of the scent, allows the effluvia to assail the nostrils of his patrons.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 5, 1894, page 2
Francis Fitch will not be an attorney in the Bloomer bond case, as reported a few days ago.
The last proceeding in the Bloomer bond case is the motion made by the attorneys for the county in a new trial. It will probably be argued in Judge Hanna's chambers as soon as the March term of circuit court for Josephine County closes.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 5, 1894, page 3
A subscriber writes: "I like your stand on the Bloomer affair. Dig 'em up." Subscriber need have little fear lest we will "dig 'em up," but the roots run deep and are getting deeper each year. However, we are going to keep digging.
----This paper has no desire for an attack upon the people of Jacksonville in general nor upon the town. There are a great many very fine people in Jacksonville, and the town is far from being a bad one, but it is unfortunate in being obliged to furnish shelter for the gang of rascals which is found there, and the citizens are most unfortunate in being compelled to associate with such contemptible curs.
----The Jacksonville gang's cuspidor and sewer--erroneously called a newspaper--is an applicant for public sympathy because that The Mail has dared to expose some of its villainous transactions. It is really too bad that its baby editor's moves should be criticized.
Medford Mail, March 9, 1894, page 2
Some of Taylor's Hot Shot.An open letter to the People's Convention March 10:
FRIENDS AND FELLOW CITIZENS: As the time has almost arrived for the distribution of nominations, I wish to say, generally, I am in favor of letting the office hunt the man, but as I am living away up here in one of the rural districts on Evans Creek, where it is about all a sewing machine fiend can do to find me, I thought maybe I had better notify the office that I am open to propositions. Governor would be accepted and no questions asked, or, I was going to say, county treasurer, but as there is no treasury and the county away behind with Bloomer--and, by the way, Bloomer somewhat behind with me--I wish to be excused on that score. An M.C. would not be bad, or representative--if I only had to represent Jackson County, I think I am competent to do that, as it would not require any extraordinary brain capacity, witness the Bloomer hoax. But I am not going to be particular, if there is any vacancy and the people wishes me to fill it, I am at your service. I see some of my friends have me down on their primaries for assessor, Now that just hits me hard. I have a good horse and cart, and will soon be at liberty to go out among my friends to see who has the biggest mortgage on his farm, and how many are perfectly satisfied that the courts done just the square thing in the Bloomer bondsmen case. Then too, I want to see what kind of a set of fellows there is in this county who have voted that diabolical old Jacksonville ring in for, lo, these many years. There is certainly no excuse for them, unless it is, perhaps, that they wished to perpetuate the absurdities of their fathers. My friends, there is no politics in the panorama now before us, no more side issues will suffice to bring about the result that every taxpayer in this county and country ought to know needs to be. Candidly, my friends, it makes me tired to see a poor farmer work and toil from year to year with the single idea of raising enough grain etc., to barely pay his taxes and to eke out a scanty living for himself and family, and when you try to convince him of his error, to hear him say, "Oh, well, I guess times will change for the better before long." He might as well say, Hell will change while the Devil is still heaving in the brimstone, as to expect a change in the Jacksonville ring. I think it would be humiliating to the voters and taxpayers of this county when they seriously contemplate (if they ever do) the political chicanery that has been going on in their midst for the past twenty-five or thirty years, until the whole county is hopelessly in debt. Just think of it my friends! not a lucrative county office of any kind has been held by anyone out of the ring in the past twenty-five years!! Go to Portland or any other place in the state and ask any business man "Who is county or district judge?" he will say, "Why, let me see? Oh, I can't think who is this year, but it is either So and So, or So-So." Go into Jacksonville, court week, outline any case to Nunan, P. J. Ryan, Kubli, or any old resident there and ask them the result and they will tell you too quick. This is not a political speech, for politics cuts no figure in the outlook for the poor farmers and taxpayers of this distressed community. We are now left to the two alternatives, change or starve, either down political rings or go down with them; it does not (in this instance) matter what money is, as long as we have none of either kind; it is principle we are after. Think of the Bloomer bondsmen trying to shirk the responsibility they voluntarily took to secure the possibility of a failure of the county treasurer, and then think of a judge who would admit of a technical flaw to let them go. I ask all candid-minded people, if they all are not accessories to the theft? Those bondsmen said to the people of Jackson County, "Now, if Geo. E. Bloomer steals all the treasury of your county, we solemnly agree to pay every cent of it back." Now the court raises the question, "Did Bloomer steal!!" Of course Bloomer did not steal anything, he just took it! and as a matter of fact that lets the bondsmen out!! Now, I am not an office seeker, because as some of you know, I am only a common scrub farmer, not capable of holding an office, unless I could hold it by the tail (like some of the Jacksonville folks), but I will say this, if I should ever be the assessor of Jackson County there is some men I will assess for nothing and board myself, and if I ever am the assessor and I ever skipped anyone, it will not be the owner of one among the largest farms in the county (the owner being a rich man living in the East), as was done last year. My sight is not as good as it was, but it is not so bad but what I can see a little speck about the size of 1200 acres of land. No sir, if I skipped anyone it will be some poor fellow, living up on the side of one of these Jackson County mountains where he can hardly walk without the assistance of a Jacob staff, who has a wife and seventeen small children and nothing but a blind hog for next winter's meat. Hoping I have, in a feeble way, conveyed to you where I stand, and also hoping the people may for the time, forget politics and all join in brotherly strength, and once for all, do away with rings, I will begin to close. As I said before, this is not a political speech, and it is not published in a political paper, but that both are laboring in the interest of the taxpayers in this county, I think you must all believe. I should be glad to meet you in convention, but as I cannot, you have my best wish and my prayers also (such as they are).
THOS. H. B. TAYLOR.Woodville, Oregon.
Medford Mail, March 9, 1894, page 4
Theo. Cameron, assignee of the estate of Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co., insolvent debtors, has filed his final account as such, and gives notice in another column of the Times that the same will be heard during the April term of the circuit court.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 12, 1894, page 3
Time changes all things. For example: Eight months ago, or a couple of weeks before Treasurer Bloomer made his flying leap to parts unknown--unknown to all save perhaps a few--The Mail learned that there was something not altogether straight in his accounts, and to substantiate this rumor our Mr. York was dispatched to the county seat to glean information regarding the matter. By the first official he was told that Mr. So-and-So would impart the desired information. This gentleman was visited and Mr. York was told that--"Why, yes; that is, why, yes; Mr. Bloomer has--why, ah--been given a month to--ah, get his books in shape--and--why, yes,--ah--." Right here The Mail representative concluded he had all the "why, yeses" and "dashes" he wanted and that was all the satisfaction he got. It is now only a few months this side of a county election, and our whole office force is especially invited to call at the courthouse and get all information within the officers' ability to impart. Allow us to [illegible] as well as [illegible] all things.
The motion for a new trial in the Bloomer bond case was argued in the circuit court on Monday and taken under advisement by Judge Hanna.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, April 5, 1894, page 3
Motion for a new trial in the Bloomer case was argued before Judge Hanna Tuesday and taken under advisement by the court.
Medford Mail, April 6, 1894, page 2
The county books are to be experted [i.e., audited]. The grand jury has secured the services of Geo. H. Kelly, of Grants Pass, and Vinton Smith, of this county, to perform this work with instructions to begin operations at once. The gentlemen are both accountants of long experience, and it is expected they will be able to unearth any of the crooks that may exist in said books. It will bother them, however, to tell for what purpose some county warrants have been issued, and why.
----In a communication from Beagle, published elsewhere, a suggestion is offered which is really amusing. The writer recommends that Medford let up on the Jacksonville ring and petition for an improvement in the roads leading into this city. The suggestion is an amusing one because that it lays wide open the ofttimes quoted expression that if Medford, or any other locality outside the favored few, expects to receive any benefit, no matter how deserving, we must first attire ourselves in costly apparel and appear, with heads uncovered, before that great and only god ruler over Jackson County's finance, and implore this self-exalted king to kindly bestow upon a deserving people a few of the county pennies which the officials have not entirely absorbed in their combination "dealer's rakeoff." And, being thus made subjects of the king's graciousness, we must promise a lasting fidelity to his principles, a brother to his gang of despoilers and further promise that politically we know none but the one god and that he and his shall be preeminent in all matters, either right or wrong. We ask the taxpayers of this county if these are not the facts as they now exist. This paper is not attempting to defend the interests of Medford in this matter any more than any other of the several localities which are not receiving their quota of the county's public improvements--and all because that we dare to criticize the official conduct of those who are elected, supposedly, to deal honorably and impartially with each and every one of their constituents regardless of the political "pull" which the one may have more than the other.
Medford Mail, April 13, 1894, page 2
In a certain crooked countySo Mr. Editor, the above lot are about all the crooks I have in stock just now. I could have crooked some of these crooks a good deal crookeder if I had some of the Jacksonville ring to help me crook them. Hoping you will not get any of those crooks crooked up in your hair so you can't uncrook them, I will close by saying the above crooks are from an Evans Creek crook, the first two letters of his name being,
There is a crooked town,
Where a lot of crooked shysters
Are always to be found.
In this tenas crooked city
There is a crooked ring,
Who knows lots of crooked ways
To do a crooked thing.
They had a crooked treasurer,
Who kept a crooked book,
He always gave a crooked smile,
When you wished to take a look.
He took a crooked notion--
His crooks were getting thin,
So he hit a crooked railroad,
And took a crooked spin.
He left some crooked bondsmen
To straight his crooks all out,
But they were the crookedest lot of crooked crooks
That a crook could find about.
They hired some crooked lawyers
To fix up a crooked muddle,
And it was the crookedest lot of crooked crooks--
They call it now the Jackson County fum-fuddle.
But all those crooked lawyers
Told so many crooked lies
Before the crooked court,
That he shoost vinked his crooked eyes.
Says he, "Of all dees crooked peesness,
It makes me nodding crooked oudt.
But you must keep your crooks well in
Or some other crooks will find your crook all out."
So says this crooked court,
"This is a crooked, crooked mess,
And though I am a crooked court,
It outcrooks me I must confess.
About these crooked bondsmen,
That they are crooks I do not doubt,
But these everlasting crooked crooks
Are bound to let them out.
So now the crooked farmers
Must crook their crooked backs,
To dig up the crooked sixpence,
To pay their crooked tax.
THOS. H. B. TAYLOR.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 13, 1894, page 4
JACKSONVILLE, Or., April 14.--In the circuit court, in the case of Jackson County against George E. Bloomer, the defaulting treasurer, and his bondsmen, decided adversely to the interests of the county at the last term of court, through a fatal limitation of the complaint, a motion made and argued for a new trial was today passed upon and overruled by the court. This, it is more than probable, will settle the case, and the county will lose the amount of the defalcation, unless redress by appeal to the supreme court can be had.
"Jackson County Court News," Oregonian, Portland, April 15, 1894, page 2
Judge Hanna disliked very much to deny the application for reopening the Bloomer case. This is the second time the judge has been called upon to decide matters wherein he was sorely grieved. It comes tough to do these things, but to all appearances the bondsmen's interests must be protected. It is to be regretted that the court is called upon to settle such unpleasant affairs--and in a way so very unsatisfactory to the people at large. There ought to be a law passed removing much of this unpleasant procedure from the portals of the court.
The grand jury, as will be seen by their report, published elsewhere, did not engage the services of experts to go through the county books, but they DID recommend that those authorized by law to issue warrants in payment for these services, hire competent accountants and put them to work upon the books. The county court is the only body, as decided by legal lights, authorized to so issue warrants, but will the county court do this? And if they do it, what will it profit the county? Will they engage the services of the gentlemen whom the grand jury had selected and contracted with for the work or will they entirely disregard their wishes and hire other men? It would be safe to gamble that if the books are experted at all the work will not be done by Kelley and Smith.
Medford Mail, April 20, 1894, page 2
Will Appeal the Bloomer Case--Perhaps.
Since Judge Hanna has ruled the Bloomer case out of court, District Attorney Benson, The Mail learns, will endeavor to carry it to the supreme court.
"News of the City," Medford Mail, April 20, 1894 page 3
The Mail is keeping "cases" on county affairs--and don't any person doubt but that we will guard 'em close.
Seven good men and true, composing the last grand jury, have said that the county books of this county demanded an investigation. They further stated that they believed Messrs. Kelly and Smith competent to perform this work, and further recommended that the county court engage their services for this work. The taxpayers now demand that said county court proceed in accordance with the request of the grand jury. Why do they not do this? Are they afraid of the result of such investigation?
Medford Mail, April 27, 1894, page 2
Bloomer, Cronemiller & Co. have settled with their creditors at the rate of 75 cents on the dollar. The business will hereafter be conducted by Cronemiller & Love.
"Jacksonville News," Medford Mail, May 11, 1894, page 3
David Linn, the gentleman who now holds the office of county treasurer, is unquestionably the right man in the right place. The county court will never be called upon to advertise a reward for the apprehension of a defunct treasurer while Mr. Linn carries the keys. Another point favorable to Linn is that there is no foolishness in his official affairs--they have got to be square or they don't go.
Medford Mail, May 25, 1894, page 2
Was Benson Responsible?
At the time the decision in the Bloomer-bondsman case was published, we criticized Judge Hanna's action in the matter. We were then laboring under the impression that the circuit court was clothed with unlimited discretionary power, and that it was the duty of the judge to see that the pleadings were properly framed to protect the county's interest. We have since, however, been better advised regarding the matter and find that the court's power is limited by statute. It is the sole province of the court to judge impartially of every proceeding brought before it, and to decide as to the law and facts alleged in the pleadings. If the court goes outside of the limited and technical rules, in actions of law, his rulings will be reversed by the supreme court. Though, as in this case, a great wrong may be done, he must decide in accordance with the mandatory principles of law as he understands them, and if he errs, a redress will be found in the supreme court. If the pleadings are not properly framed by the attorneys, or the case is conducted in an inefficient or careless manner, the court is not to blame. Though Judge Hanna's sympathy might have been in favor of the county and against the bondsmen, and however great his desire might have been to have the county recover judgment in this case, still if the attorneys framed their complaints so as to omit alleging certain material facts--essential facts--and then sought to introduce evidence to prove facts not alleged, then under the technical and mandatory rules of law the court, if the party on the opposing side objects, must rule in accordance with the law, disregarding his own personal desire, and preclude the introduction of the evidence. Then if there are not sufficient material allegations of fact set forth in the complaint to entitle the plaintiff to recover, under the evidence admissible, the court must decide (when the right to a jury trial waived) in favor of the defendant, and if the case is decided in favor of the plaintiff by a jury, and it can be shown that the jury decided contrary to the law and evidence, the defendant will be entitled to a verdict notwithstanding the verdict of the jury. The rules of law directing what a complaint must contain are set forth in section 66 of Hill's code. The law as to the admissibility of evidence will be found in section 704. In a case of this nature the circuit judge has no authority to direct the proceedings, as that duty is vested in the county court by virtue of section 997 of the Oregon code. Section 976 of the statute makes it the duty of the district attorney to prosecute or defend all actions, suits or proceedings in his district to which the county may be a party.
THAT NEW TRIAL.After the decision in the Bloomer-bondsmen case the attorneys for the county filed a motion for a new trial, which motion was afterward argued, submitted, and overruled by the court. It has been the prevailing opinion by the masses that the inherent right was vested in the court to the extent of granting a new trial in the case, and allowing the plaintiff to commence the case anew. Such is not the fact. It is not an inherent right. On page 316 of Hill's laws of Oregon will be found the law governing motions of new trials. If, when this motion was argued and submitted, it could have been shown that irregularities in the proceedings of the court, jury, adverse party, or any order of the court, or abuse of discretion, by which such party was prevented from having a fair trial, or that there was misconduct of the jury or prevailing party, or accident or surprise which ordinary prudence could not have guarded against, or newly discovered evidence, material for the party making the application which he could not with reasonable diligence have discovered and produced at the trial, or that there was insufficiency of the evidence to justify the verdict or other decision, or that the decision was against law, or that error in law occurred at the trial, and that the same was duly excepted to, then it would have been the duty of the court to have granted a new trial.
But, unless the court had denied the plaintiff the right to amend the complaint at any time before the cause was submitted, to correct a mistake in any respect, even if a new trial had been granted, it would have to be tried on the same pleadings as before. The former action could not be ignored, and a new trial commenced as though no trial had been commenced before. If the new trial, in this case, had been granted it would have been simply a rehearing of the case tried on the very identical papers which were filed in the original case. That and nothing more. If any of the irregularities occurred, enumerated above, or if there had been misconduct of the prevailing party, or if there had been accident or surprise which ordinary prudence on the part of the attorneys for the county could not have guarded against, or if there had been error in law occurring at the trial, and this error had been excepted to by the party making the application, then it would have been the duty of the court to have granted a new trial; and a refusal of the court to grant a new trial, if any of these irregularities occurred, would be an abuse of discretionary power or authority, and would be reversed by the supreme court. If the attorneys for the county failed or neglected to make the complaint broad enough to include the whole transaction in the original trial, a new trial would not remedy the fault. It would be simply a repetition of the farce.
If the attorneys for the county had made an attempt at any time before trial to amend the complaint, and the court had refused to grant that privilege, then it would have been grounds for a new trial. But that privilege was not denied by the court. Or, if at any time before the case was submitted, the attorneys had asked to amend the complaint to correct a mistake or to conform the pleadings to the facts proven, and the court had erroneously overruled the motion, then it might have been an "abuse of discretion" by the court. The records of the case show, so we are informed, that the court never denied the attorneys for the county any privilege they asked, except the single one of offering evidence to prove something which was not alleged in the complaint.
Voters of Jackson County, remember that the statute makes it the imperative duty of the district attorney to direct the proceedings in county cases, and that Mr. Benson was in this case. Remember, too, that by reason of the careless or incompetent or slipshod manner in which the complaint was framed the taxpayers have lost over nine thousand dollars. Will you ratify this incompetency by your vote? Look well to your ballot.
Medford Mail, May 25, 1894, page 2
The Mail gets the information from pretty good authority that had the county court taken charge of the county treasurer's books at their meeting of last July, the date prescribed by law for an exhibit of them to be made, they could have saved the county about $4000, which amount was at that time within their easy reach. This would have cut the Bloomer defalcation down to $5000, but the county court didn't do it--why? How much of this kind of management the taxpayers of this county will stand is a question we are unable to answer, but we believe it has reached its rope's end. The only regret we have is that every officer who was mixed up with this affair cannot be turned down next Monday. We can, however, make a good commencement, and pave the way for a complete scoop two years from now.
Medford Mail, June 1, 1894, page 2
Bloomer, Geo. E., Darling's add. to Oregon City, pt of lot 4
"Delinquent Tax List of Clackamas County for 1893," Oregon Courier, Oregon City, June 8, 1894, page 1
That Bloomer's dozen or more silk shirts and several fine suits of clothes were not included in the sale of his other personal property a couple of weeks ago, and that the same echo is whispering the question: "Who is wearing these garments? If Bloomer is, who shipped them to him and how did they do it and when?"
"We Hear It Said," Medford Mail, June 15, 1894, page 2
The case of Jackson County vs. George E. Bloomer and his bondsmen, which was decided in favor of the defendant in the circuit court, has been appealed to the supreme court. Bloomer is the defaulting treasurer of Jackson County. The shortage amounts to over $9000, and one point at issue is that the county court extended the time of settlement with Bloomer two months after knowing that he was short in his accounts.
Roseburg Plaindealer, August 6, 1894, page 3
An Alphabetical Fiend Again at Large.A was an archer and shot at a frog.
B is for Bloomer, who now goes incog. Also for bondsmen, for boodle and bluff--but of this combination we have had quite enough.
C is for corruption, that putrid old thing which largely composes that grand(?) old ring.
D is for donkeys with big loads on their backs, and also for farmers who pay the ring tax. It might stand for dollars the treasurer once had but they all flew away 'long with Georgie, to the bad.
E is the elephant who eats hay with his tail, led by the "Commish" while the hayseeds bewail.
F stands for farmers, for fools and for fun and all those who still vote the old gang to be run.
G is for grab and for gouge a good deal; if you want to know more interrogate
H is for honesty, which they tell us is best, but the gang furnish a precedent and gives us a rest.
I is for injustice which the hayseeds have all had--and always will have while they vote like their dad.
J is for Judas, for jugglery and jaw, which the court tells the farmer is nothing but law.
K is the kontempt we have for the judge who let the bondsmen off on such a rum-fudge.
L is for longevity iniquity can boast. The ring or the devil, say which has the most?
M is for mugwump, for muddle and manner and that is, they say, what's the matter with Hanner.
N is for nothing they will all have to say, like the boy the calf run over, on that reckoning day.
O is for "O, Lordy!" the taxpayer's prayer; if he don't change the tenor and happen to swear.
P is for primp. pomposity and pride, the phaeton in which politicians like to ride.
Q is the queer way they all have to do it; though it's a tough cud, the farmers must chew it.
R is for ringster, rascality and ruin; also for regrets which the voters are doin'.
S is for sinner, for sneak and for snare, and for snide and for sooners you can find everywhere. S will answer for sugar, also for soft soap, the halter the farmer puts round his own throat.
T is for taxpayers with their burdens. Oh, alas! so like Balaam's saddle horse the angel could not pass.
U is for united. the plebeians all must be if from oppression's yoke they ever would be free.
V is for the vultures who satiate in gore, who never stop to think or heed the supplications of the poor.
W is the working man, boots all out at the toes, who turns himself the old machine which grinds his own dear nose.
X is the cross we will all have to bear if we don't kill the crooks who are infesting our air.
Y is the Yankee tricks the politicians play on the credulous hayseed, from day unto day.
Z is for Zero, where all tricksters try, "Ver da don't got any snow."
The above lines by Prof. Taylor will not be published in book form but will be copyrighted, and can only be had by applying in person to
Yours truly,Medford Mail, December 28, 1894, page 8
T. H. B.,
SUMMONS."More Stamps Wanted," Oregonian, Portland, February 1, 1899, page 3
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE STATE OF OREGON, for Clackamas County.
David Bloomer, plaintiff, vs. George E. Bloomer, defendant.
In the name of the state of Oregon, you, George E. Bloomer, defendant herein, are hereby notified and required to be and appear in the above-entitled suit in the above-named circuit court and answer to the complaint of said plaintiff therein filed against you by Monday, the 4th day of November, A.D. 1895, that being the first day of the first term of said court following the expiration of six weeks publication of this summons, and you will take notice, that if you fail so to appear and answer said complaint, for the want thereof, the said plaintiff will apply to the said court for the relief prayed for in said complaint, which is in brief as follows, to wit: For a decree against defendant, George E. Bloomer, to establish a resulting trust in and to the following described property, to wit. Beginning at the northeast corner of block 4 of Darling's addition to Oregon City, and running thence south 100 feet along Oak Street; thence west 100 feet; thence north 100 feet; thence east 100 feet to place of beginning, according to plat on file in office of recorder of said county of Clackamas, state of Oregon. Also for a decree compelling said defendant to deed over to said plaintiff all right, title and interest in and to said described real property, in default of which this decree is to stand as a deed of conveyance of all of said defendant's right, title and interest in and to said real property, and for such other and further release as is just and equitable and for his costs and disbursements in this suit to be taxed.
This summons is served by publication for six weeks, by order of Hon. Thomas. A. McBride, circuit judge of the fifth judicial district of the state of Oregon, bearing date May 3rd, 1895.
ROBERT A. MILLER,Oregon Courier, Oregon City, September 27, 1895, page 4
WILL L. MILLER,
Attorneys for Plaintiff.
David Bloomer vs. George E. Bloomer; the plaintiff appeared by his attorney, R. A. Miller. It was ordered and decreed that the said defendant, George E. Bloomer, shall, upon the entry of this decree, transfer to the plaintiff, David Bloomer, by good and sufficient deed of conveyance, the legal title so received from said Amelia Darling and John H. Darling, by such aforesaid, and in default of which this decree shall stand as a monument of title in lieu thereof.
"Circuit Court," Oregon City Enterprise, November 22, 1895, page 8
Bloomer, G. E.--North Ville, lot 2, block 5
Bloomer, George E.--Woodlawn, lots 12, 13, block 9
"Sheriff's Sale," Oregonian, Portland, August 17, 1897, page 8
Speaker Carter this morning introduced a bill to appropriate $1000 for school district No. 73, in Jackson County, to reimburse the county for what it has lost through the dishonesty of ex-County Treasurer George Bloomer. Bloomer, as county treasurer, was entrusted with the sale of a $1000 bond issued by the school district for improvement purposes. He succeeded in his negotiations, but instead of turning over the proceeds of the sale, he pocketed them and disappeared. As the district is sparsely settled, it can illy afford to lose the money, and the bill of Carter is calculated to give the district the desired relief.
East Butte Precinct, Washington County, Oregon
Bloomer, David, 68, farmer, born May 1832 in Ireland, parents born in Ireland
Mary E., 52, born August 1847 in Ill., father born in Pa., mother in Ky.
Julia, daughter, 22, born May 1878, born in Kansas
Joseph A., son, 17, born July 1882, born in Oregon
Julian J., son, 16, born February 1884, born in Oregon
Bersh A., daughter, 14, born January 1886, born in Oregon
Celia M., daughter, 11, born February 1889, born in Oregon
U.S. Census, June 7, 1900
HIGH FINANCE IN THE '90S.
State of Oregon vs. Geo. E. Bloomer; indictment for larceny. Dismissed.
The above entry on the circuit court journal made at the December term of court brings to the minds of those who were residents of this county in 1894 a case in which the plain purpose of the law was defeated by its own limitations, and where the mistakes of the attorneys for the state were taken advantage of by the opposition in such a way that the county was loser nearly $12,000, which amount the taxpayers were compelled to make up.
The history of the case is briefly this: In 1893, in the first year of his second term as county treasurer, Geo. E. Bloomer was called upon at the July meeting of the county court for an accounting. He was short some $7,800--money which he had collected for the county and had expended in various ways--loans and otherwise. It was up to him to make good. The county court gave him a month in which to balance his books and make the accounting. At the end of the month, much to the surprise of the county court, Bloomer was missing. He has been missing ever since. At the time he left Bloomer was part owner in a good general merchandise business in Jacksonville. He went to one of his friends and stated his case, asking what he should do. The friend advised him to throw himself upon the mercy of his bondsmen, confess his shortage and ask them to make it up, and allow him to pay the amount out of his business. Whether he approached them or not is unknown, but when settlement day came Bloomer was gone, as was also $2,000 of Ashland school money he had collected.
The state sued the bondsmen for the amount of the shortage. H. L. Benson was district attorney, and the late W. C. Kahler was retained as associate counsel. In the complaint it was alleged that the shortage had occurred between June 1892 and June 1893, and no objection was made by the attorneys for the bondsmen to the introduction of evidence to that effect, but a bombshell was exploded in the prosecution's camp when it was shown by the treasurer's books themselves that he had paid out more money between the dates mentioned than he had officially received, and that taking the dates in the complaint as a basis, the county apparently owed Bloomer money. Judge Hanna decided in accordance with the law, an appeal was taken and his decision was sustained by the supreme court, so that the bondsmen were exonerated, and the county had to pay the costs.
Still the indictment against Bloomer stood until this term, when it was dismissed and the case closed.
Bloomer, if he is still alive, is free to return and explain many things, but it is doubtful if his return is wished for by some of the participants in the deal. Those who best knew him have always been loath in belief that he was intentionally criminal, but that his downfall came from being too easy.
Medford Mail, December 27, 1907, page 1
857 Grand Avenue North, Portland, Oregon
Bloomer, David, 77, farmer, born in Ireland, father born in England, mother Ireland
Mary E., 61, born in Ill., father born in Pa., mother in Ky.
Cecelia, 21, born in Oregon
U.S. Census, April 21, 1910
The family of Mr. and Mrs. D. Bloomer participated in a reunion at their home in East Portland last Tuesday. The gathering was the first in 25 years when the entire family were together. The persons present included Mr. and Mrs. D. Bloomer and George Bloomer of Chicago; Theresa Bloomer, from Redlands, Cal.; J. C. Bloomer, from Oak Point, Wash.; Joseph Bloomer of Sedro-Wooley, Wash.; Julian S. Bloomer, also from Oak Point; Sister Mary Olivia, of Seattle, and Mrs. M. Hughes, Mrs. Joseph Noonan and Cecilia Bloomer, of this city.
"Social Events of Past Week," Oregonian, Portland, January 1, 1911, page C4
Date of death: October 16, 1916, Portland
Ancestry.com Oregon Death Index, 1903-98
Last revised February 23, 2021