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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Jackson County News: 1858


    EXPRESS TO JACKSONVILLE.--G. L. Taggart, of Yreka, has established an express from Yreka to Jacksonville.
Sacramento Daily Union, January 1, 1858, page 4


MARRIED.
    In Jacksonville, O.T., Nov. 22nd, Capt. W. W. Fowler to Mrs. T. Gass.
    On Rogue River, Nov. 16th, Mr. E. C. Pelton to Miss Mary S. Rowe.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, January 4, 1858, page 2


    FIRE IN JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--A fire broke out in Jacksonville (O.T.), Dec. 17th, in the store house of McAlister & Parker, and destroyed about 6,000 or 7,000 pounds of bacon. The building and its contents were all destroyed.

Sacramento Daily Union, January 4, 1858, page 4


Information Received of Ohio People.
Oakland, Jan. 6th, 1858.
    MRS. A. C. TILTON, COLUMBUS, OHIO--Madam: I see in the San Francisco  Bulletin of this evening an inquiry made by you concerning Ohio people. Let me answer it. A. C. Brown, late of Columbus, Ohio, is and has been for the last two years residing about one mile and a half north of Oakland. The Taylors are at or near Jacksonville, Oregon. You can communicate with them easily by post.
OHIO.
San Francisco Bulletin, January 7, 1858, page 2


    SHOOTING AFFRAY.--A person recently arrived from Jacksonville, Oregon, informs the Siskiyou Chronicle that a shooting match came off in that place, Dec. 26th, between a man by the name of Rhodes, Johnny McLaughlin and John Hillman, which resulted, as usual, in shooting an outsider, Henry Klippel, through the thigh, making a severe, though not dangerous, flesh wound, while all three of the combatants escaped unharmed. Rhodes, who it is said made the first hostile demonstration, was arrested by the Sheriff, and in default of bail, lodged in jail to await a trial at the next term of the Circuit Court for that place.

Sacramento Daily Union, January 9, 1858, page 1


    SHOOTING AFFAIR AT JACKSONVILLE.--A rencounter took place at Jacksonville (O.T.) on the 25th of Dec., between John McLaughlin and one Rhodes, in which some dozen shots were fired, without injury to anyone except a bystander, Henry Klippel, who accidentally received a severe wound near the knee. He was trying to prevent the parties from firing at the time. The principals in the affair were arrested, and had an examination before Justice Arundell. McLaughlin was discharged. Rhodes was held to bail in the sum of $1,000 for his appearance at the next term of the District Court, to answer a charge of assault with intent to kill. Klippel, we learn, is recovering.
Sacramento Daily Union, January 15, 1858, page 2


    STEALING AT A BALL.--At a recent ball, in Jacksonville, O.T., at the Tremont House, some thieving fellows took advantage of the festivities of the occasion, and stole a variety of overcoats, hats and boots, together with a pair of saddlebags belonging to Sheriff Pyle, which contained papers of considerable value. The bags were subsequently recovered.

Sacramento Daily Union, January 15, 1858, page 3



    SUDDEN DEATH AT JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--On the 4th of January a German named Gerhard Walters was found dead in the baking room of Hesse & Co., at Jacksonville. He had been in good health.

Sacramento Daily Union, January 18, 1858, page 2


    MINING IN OREGON.--The Jacksonville Sentinel, of Jan. 9th, remarks of the mining prospects in its vicinity as follows:
    "Mining operations have been about suspended by the cold weather for two or three weeks past. We think there are now in this county and Josephine as many miners as at any time since '52-3, and if they could have sufficient water the yield of gold would, no doubt, be as great as that of any former season. A few companies in this vicinity have water, and are doing remarkably well. It is to be hoped that we may soon have enough rain to give all our miners work."
Sacramento Daily Union, January 19, 1858, page 4


    A CAPTURE AT YREKA.--An escaped
convict by the name of Owens, from the Jacksonville Jail, O.T., was captured January 21st near Yreka, by a posse who went in pursuit of him. Some twenty-five shots were fired before Owens was brought to.
Sacramento Daily Union, February 3, 1858, page 3



    DITCH ENTERPRISE IN OREGON. From the Oregon Sentinel, of the 23rd ult., we learn that a mass meeting of the citizens of Rogue River Valley is to be held at Jacksonville, on the 6th inst., for the purpose of making an energetic move towards bringing the waters of Applegate to the Sterling and Jacksonville mines. The Sentinel thinks there is no other question of so great importance to the whole population of Jackson County as that of procuring a supply of water to miners throughout the year. It has long been well known that the mines near Jacksonville and Sterling are rich and extensive, but the absence of water has prevented their being worked except a short portion of the year. If the proposed enterprise succeeds, it will open a new era of prosperity for Jackson County.--Yreka Union.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, February 4, 1858, page 1


    DITCH ENTERPRISE IN OREGON.--A mass meeting of the citizens of Rogue River Valley will be held at Jacksonville on Saturday, February 6th, for the purpose of making an effort towards bringing the waters of Applegate to the Sterling and Jacksonville mines. The Sentinel says:
    "There is no other question of so great importance to the whole population of Jackson County as that of procuring a supply of water to miners throughout the year. It has long been well known that the mines near Jacksonville and Sterling are rich and extensive, but the absence of water has prevented their being worked except a short portion of the year. If the proposed enterprise succeeds, it will open a new era of prosperity for Jackson County.
Sacramento Daily Union, February 4, 1858, page 3


    FLOUR.--Merchants have been asking $12 per hundred since our last issue, with but few purchasers. Rogue River Valley and Scott River Valley have been favored with good crops the past season--enough to supply the whole northern section, independent of the markets below, and flour can only be maintained at its present price by the combinations of speculators. Oregon is sending her usual supply. The impression is that flour will decline from its present price instead of advancing. Corn meal is selling at $7 per hundred, and potatoes at $4 per hundred, and as long as these prices remain there is no real necessity for the creation of a flour panic. Small quantities of flour is already finding its way to our market from the northern country. On Wednesday, Feb. 3, 14,000 lb. were offered at $10½.--Republican.
Red Bluff Beacon, February 10, 1858, page 2


    CAPTURE--TROUBLE WITH INDIANS.--The Yreka Union says:
    We are informed that on Thursday of last week, a man named Owens, who escaped from jail in Jacksonville, Oregon Territory, last fall, was captured by a party of men about twenty-five miles above Cottonwood on the Klamath. The party in pursuit caught him about midnight, and had fired twenty-two shots at him during the chase. He is now on his way back to his old headquarters in Jacksonville, where it is to be hoped he will be more secure for the future. The prisoner stated that the Indians at the Cave would be troublesome in the spring, with whom he had been stopping until quite recently, when on becoming alarming he left for his own safety.
Weekly California Express, Marysville, February 13, 1858, page 1


    The Jacksonville Sentinel raises the name of L. F. Grover as candidate for Congress, subject to the decision of the Democratic convention.
    The Sentinel of the 30th ult. sustains the action of the Democratic Central Committee, and the regular Democratic organization. Upon the slavery question it says:
    "The Sentinel never has advocated the organization of a pro-slavery Democratic Party in Oregon. We have time and again declared that it did not affect the Democracy of any Democrat to vote against slavery in Oregon."
Oregon Statesman, Salem, February 16, 1858, page 2


    GASBURG.--This place is situated in Oregon, near the border line of California, between Jacksonville and Yreka, and is looked upon as a strong rival of the former town. The Jacksonville Sentinel thus refers to it:
    "We visited Gasburg the other day, and was much pleased to see such rapid progress in improvement. The location for a county town has advantages over almost any other place, being near the center of the farming settlements on Bear or Stuart Creek, having one of the finest flouring mills in the Territory, also an excellent sawmill, a tan yard, and extensive manufacturing establishments. Being located immediately on the road between Jacksonville and Yreka, at a beautiful site for a country village, with the improvements already in progress, it bids fair to become a rival to Jacksonville in point of trade: for most certainly the location has superior manufacturing advantages, and is much nearer the center of the great farming community on Bear Creek, and without doubt if there is not something done by the citizens towards supplying the mines with water, there is no inducement for the farmers to give Jacksonville the preference over a village situate in the midst of their settlement, with the advantage of water for manufacturing purposes."
Sacramento Daily Union, February 16, 1858, page 1


    FATAL MINING ACCIDENT.--A person named Oscar Dietz, engaged in mining upon Jackson Creek, Southern Oregon, lately fell into a mining shaft and was killed. He was found at the bottom of the shaft, with his head under water, and already dead. The deceased, says the Jacksonville Herald, was from the city of Berlin in Prussia, where he possessed considerable estates. Having taken part in the revolutionary movements in that city in the year 1849, he was banished by the government for a period of ten years. His term of banishment would have expired next year, when he intended to return to the land of his birth, but death has frustrated his plans. He was about thirty-six years of age.
San Francisco Bulletin, February 18, 1858, page 2


    SNOW ON THE NORTHERN MOUNTAINS.--Snow is so deep on the Crescent City mountain as to render travel over it by animals impossible. A gentleman who succeeded in crossing it on foot reports the snow as from six to ten feet deep on the mountain. A number of gentlemen who left Jacksonville (Southern Oregon) for Crescent City some days since were at Kerbyville, waiting for a thaw.--Jacksonville Herald.
San Francisco Bulletin,
February 19, 1858, page 2


    NEWS FROM JACKSONVILLE, OREGON TERRITORY.--We find in the Sentinel
of February 6th, the following items of intelligence:
    On the 24th of January, at Cañon Creek, in Josephine County, a man by the name of Robert Wilson stabbed a man by the name of Hawk. We learn that two of the wounds were considered by Dr. Barkwell, as dangerous. Wilson was arrested and examined before Justice Post and committed, and brought by Sheriff Hendershott, of Josephine County, and lodged in jail in this county to await his trial. At last advices, Hawk was not dead. It appears that Wilson is a person who figured considerably in the Yreka and Greenhorn riots some time since.
    On Saturday, the 23rd of January, at the residence of Charles Williams, in Jacksonville, Mary Angel, aged 18 months, infant daughter of Mary Ann Williams, fell into a tub of hot water, remaining until the mother ran some distance. When the child was taken out, every remedy deemed advisable to relieve the little sufferer was used, but to no purpose. On Sunday morning, the 24th ultimo, about four o'clock, it died.
    On Sunday evening, January 31st, Oscar Van Dietz left a store on Jackson Creek, about one mile above town--a noise was heard a short distance from the house, and shortly Van Dietz was found in a mining hole about fifteen feet deep. In falling, he struck the back part of his head against a rock and broke the skull, causing his death instantly.
Sacramento Daily Union, February 24, 1858, page 3


    The cost, to the Territory, of bringing a penitentiary convict from Jackson and Josephine counties, is from $300 to $700, according to the number of guards.
Oregon Statesman,
Salem, March 2, 1858, page 2



    KERBYVILLE, O.T.--A correspondent of the Jacksonville Sentinel, writing from this place, remarks:
    "For the last two weeks we have no intelligence from any quarter, on account of the tremendous floods surrounding us on every hand. It is stated by some of our oldest settlers that the rivers have not been so high since 1852, a year notorious for high waters in Southern Oregon. Macklin's bridge across Illinois River has been carried away. The mines are paying well."
Sacramento Daily Union, March 15, 1858, page 3


Jackson County Democratic Convention.
Jacksonville, Feb. 20, 1858.
    The delegates from the different precincts of Jackson County met in convention today, for the purpose of electing delegates to represent said county in the Democratic state convention, to be held at Salem on the 16th day of March ensuing.
    On motion, Jas. Kilgore was appointed chairman, and Wm. Hoffman and W. J. Allen were appointed secretaries. On motion of Thos. Smith, the credentials of delegates were presented. On motion of same, a committee of three was appointed to examine credentials, consisting of Thos. Smith, John S. Miller and Wm. Burke, who reported the following delegates, to wit:
    Ashland Precinct--Thos. Smith, George Good, Wm. F. Songer. Eden--J. P. Burns, J. Hamlin, W. J. Allen. Sterling--B. Bozarth, D. Crowley, P. Bowen, J. A. Van Nest. Jacksonville--Wm. Hoffman, Henry Klippel, E. R. Alcorn, Wm. Burke. Butte Creek--O. Barrett. Star Gulch--G. B. Davidson, C. Linkswiler, Wm. Carberry. Applegate--J. O'Brian, J. P. Barnes, D. Newcomb. Manzanita--Jas. Kilgore, J. S. Miller, T. F. Beall. Dardanelles--D. F. Fisher, L. Gall, Marion Dildine.
    On motion of S. J. Allen, the convention proceeded to elect delegates to the state convention, prior to which the following motion was adopted: That no delegate be elected to the state convention who is absent from the county. Also moved and carried, That the election be by ballot. After nominations having been made, and the election held, the following was the result:
    Harvey Morgan received 22 votes; W. G. T'Vault, 18; T. F. Beall, 17; E. R. Alcorn, 16; Jas. Hamlin, 16; Thos. Pyle, 14; J. B. Sifers, 14; W. J. Beggs, 14; William Burke, 14. Thos. Pyle asked to withdraw his name, which was agreed to, and which left the proper number of delegates elected.
    The following resolution was presented by Wm. J. Allen:
    Resolved, That the Democracy of Jackson County endorse the proceedings of the Territorial Democratic Central Committee.
    On motion, the resolution was laid on the table. A motion to adjourn was lost.
    The following resolution was offered by Thos. Smith:
    Resolved, That the delegates from this county be and they are hereby instructed to use their influence to procure a modification of the 5th and 6th resolutions of the Salem platform, adopted in convention held April 13th, 1847.
    On motion, the resolution was tabled.
    On motion, it was ordered that the proceedings of the convention be published in the Oregon Sentinel and Jacksonville Herald. On motion, adjourned sine die.
JAMES KILGORE, Ch'n.
Wm. Hoffman,
W. J. Allen, Secretaries.
Oregon Statesman, March 16, 1858, page 1


    TELEGRAPH TO OREGON.--The Trinity Journal thus discourses on the prospects of a telegraph to Oregon:
    "There is already a line from Portland to Corvallis, 50 miles; thence to Jacksonville, about 250 miles, will not cost much in proportion to the convenience to Oregon people; and the Jacksonville folks are able to build a line to Yreka. A stage road from Crescent City to Jacksonville is being built, to be traveled over in twenty-four hours. Now the Crescent City and Jacksonville papers are two weeks old when we get them. The telegraph will put us in instant communication with the northern coast."
----
    FROZEN IN THE SNOW.--Lewis Remme, who was lately frozen in the snow while crossing from Table Rock to the South Umpqua, was left by his associate, who found that he (Remme) could not proceed further, with horses, saddles and saddlebags containing $3,000. When a party succeeded in finding his body, the horses, saddles and saddlebags had disappeared.
----
    FIRE NEAR JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--On the 12th of February, the dwelling and smoke house of James Tatum, on Butte Creek, was burnt down, with about two thousand pounds of bacon, also furniture, clothing, etc.
Sacramento Daily Union, March 16, 1858, page 2


    MINING IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--In the vicinity of Jacksonville, the miners are represented to be doing well. The water in that locality it was thought would hold out until June.

Sacramento Daily Union, March 16, 1858, page 3



    Gasburg, on the road between Yreka and Jacksonville, bids fair to rival the latter place in point of trade--says the Sentinel.
Red Bluff Beacon,
March 17, 1858, page 1


    LATER FROM SOUTHERN OREGON.--We find the following intelligence in the Jacksonville papers of March 13th:
    The Sentinel publishes the address of the disaffected members of the late Legislature, nine in number, to the "National Democracy of Oregon," calling a convention at Eugene City on the 8th of April, and also a call for a county convention in Jackson County, to appoint delegates to said Territorial convention, over the mythical signature of "Many National Democrats," but says it is not in any manner committed to the movement, and thinks it will result disastrously to the party.
    The same party learns that an attempt was made to murder David Sisson, of Ashland, by a man named Becket. The latter stationed himself early in the morning, near Sisson's house, armed with a shotgun, and when he went out for a bucket of water fired upon him, one shot taking effect in his head, and several others in his body, inflicting painful, though not dangerous wounds. Becket had not been arrested.
    The house and lumber kiln of Captain M. M. Williams, of Josephine County, were destroyed by fire. Loss estimated at $1,200.
    The Herald of the same date says that a man by the name of Wright, but whose real name is said to have been George Peacock, and formerly a resident of Yreka, was shot by a Mr. Sargent, on March 1st, at his store on Cow Creek. It seems Sargent had previously had a lawsuit with Wright, and received some seven dollars damages, and Wright had threatened to kill Sargent unless he repaid him the money. Wright entered the store and drawing his pistol, which Sargent observing, drew his, and they fired simultaneously, both missing. Sargent then ran into another room and seized his rifle, shooting Wright dead as he pursued him. Sargent was examined before the proper authorities, and was discharged, it being considered a case of justifiable homicide.
    The editor of the Herald urges the boring of artesian wells, as the only feasible mode of supplying the mines near Jacksonville with water. The waters of Applegate Creek, which it had been proposed to bring in by a ditch are not sufficient to furnish a supply.
    During the night of the 9th of March, a house on Applegate, occupied by four Chinamen, was entered by two men and the inmates robbed of $500, which they induced the robbers to believe was all they had. They had $1,500 left however, which they wisely concluded to deposit in a merchant's safe in Jacksonville.
Sacramento Daily Union, March 24, 1858, page 3


    The California Stage Company will commence running a tri-weekly line between Yreka and Jacksonville on Monday next, leaving Yreka every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
"Matters About Yreka,"
Sacramento Daily Union, March 29, 1858, page 3


    CRESCENT CITY.--The Herald of March 24th has the following local intelligence:
    A gentleman who arrived a few days since from Oregon informs us that the late severe rains which caused a flood in almost all the streams were very destructive to the wagon road between Scottsburg and Jacksonville. The portion of it through the cañon is entirely washed away and destroyed, so that it is impassable, and it will require an outlay of several thousand dollars to repair it so that it will again be practicable for wagons, if indeed it can be made so at all.
    One night last week the house of Smith, at the mouth of Pistol River, was set on fire by a band of Pistol River Indians in two places. On Smith's going out to extinguish the flames, he was fired on by the Indians, the ball just grazing his arm, and lodging in the side of the house. He retreated to the door, and as he was about entering, four more shots were fired at him, but without effect. In the morning the Indians had left, and have not as yet been found, although a body of fifteen men are in pursuit of them.
    A gentleman, lately over from Indian Creek, informs us that the snow on the Siskiyou, between Sailor Diggings and Indiantown, is about twenty-five feet deep, and that the trail will probably not be practicable for mules before about the first of May.
Sacramento Daily Union, April 5, 1858, page 3


Jacksonville, March 21, 1858.
    Friend Bush--Our usual quiet town was somewhat aroused from is lethargy some two weeks since, by the appearance in our midst of the notorious disorganizer of the medical department, Dr. McIteeny. It seems the Dr.'s object was to organize a National Digger Democratic party to oppose the Salem Democracy, as he called them, but his efforts proved a total failure.
    The people have not forgotten that during the last war, when Southern Oregon stood in need of the assistance of every patriot that could be spared form home, this said Dr. Mc. took great pains to break up the medical department, at a time when their services would be needed to go into the field. His excuse was that his honor could not allow him to serve under the Surgeon General appointed by the Legislature, but the truth was he had stayed around the hospital all winter, doing nothing, and he was too lazy to go into the mountains on an active campaign, and he had too good an opportunity to show his disorganizing propensities not to avail himself of it, thinking perhaps that in breaking up the medical department and leaving the army without surgeons, it would be compelled to lay up, and not make the campaign, at the same time giving the disaffected an opportunity to instill their pernicious doctrines into the minds of the good intending of the troops, that to go into battle without surgeons was--should any of them get wounded--almost certain death, so far away from the settlements.
    Soon, after the noble Doctor left, a detachment from the northern battalion, under Maj. Latshaw, met the Indians on Cow Creek, and completely routed them, but had one man killed and two wounded. An express was sent after this said Doctor, who came back part of the way, but when he heard that there was only one man killed, and two wounded, considered it beneath his dignity to put himself to the trouble to ride through the Canyon to attend to one or two common volunteers. But we had men in the ranks who could not only fight the Indians, but administer comfort to the sick and wounded soldiers--Dr. Coombs acted as lieutenant and surgeon.
    But the country then had men, and still has, who baffled his disorganizing schemes, as well as those of his brethren who endeavored to prevent the movement of the troops so that the designs of a set of thieving traitors might be accomplished.
    I have said this much to show how much claim he has on the south, or indeed any part of the Territory, and well does the south know it.
    But to the mass meeting, as it was called in the Sentinel, to be held in Jacksonville yesterday. The day came, but no National Democrats, not even a man could be found who would own even the beautiful name, as no one can be sold out here with a name, some of them, mostly all, having read Shakespeare about "a rose with any other name," &c., and so the Doctor started for Josephine County, and was taken sick on the road, probably from the effect of his bad success in Jackson County. After the June election, I think the Territory will be at some expense to send some of them to the insane asylum, in Stockton, Cal.
Yours, &c.,         SARPEADON.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, April 13, 1858, page 1


    STABBING AFFRAY ON WILLIAMS' CREEK.--The Jacksonville (O.T.) Sentinel of March 27th gives the particulars of a murderous affair which transpired recently near that place:
    "It seems a Mr. Selby, who owned cattle, had missed several head of them, and found their skins in the woods, his own brand being on the hides. A few days since, Selby went to the house of Banning, on Williams' Creek, where he met Banning and two others, Brumley and Hewett. Brumley asked Selby if he had accused him of stealing his cattle, having at the same time either a stone or some other heavy material in a handkerchief, with which he struck at Selby; the latter, retreating, said he had accused no one, as he did not know who was the thief, and desired Brumley to leave him alone. He persisted in striking at Selby, who drew a knife, threatening to use it. The attack being repeated, Selby stabbed Brumley in the upper portion of the abdomen, the knife pointing upwards, undoubtedly penetrating the liver. Selby then turned and ran. Brumley rushed to the house, procured a gun, came out and shot Selby through the back, the ball coming out a little above the bones of the hip. The parties above mentioned were taken before the proper authorities in Josephine County. After an examination, Brumley, Banning and Hewett were all bound over to appear at the next term of the court. Brumley is not expected to recover, and it seems rather singular that, with so severe a wound, he should have been able to procure the gun after it had been received. Selby, we learn, has been discharged by the examining court as having acted in self-defense."
----
    MINING AT JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--The Sentinel of March 27th gives the following particulars of mining in its vicinity:
    "We learn that Robinson, Ward & Co. took out of their claim on Jackson Creek, on Thursday last, a chunk weighing six ounces and six dollars. This is the claim formerly worked by Kenyon & Co., now of the 'Metropolitan,' Yreka. The claims generally continue to pay very well. From Sterling, we hear that those who have water are doing as well as usual. Some of the parties there are reaping a rich harvest with their picks and shovels, and so long as the water lasts there can be no doubt of their success. We also learn that in the gulches on the right-hand side of the road leading from this place to Rogue River, where water can be obtained, large prospects are found, and in some of them the diggings bid fair to be much more extensive than was at first apprehended."
Sacramento Daily Union, April 13, 1858, page 1


    MINING ACCIDENT AT JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--A miner named Van Net, March 24th, who was working on the left fork of Jackson Creek, had one of his legs broken by the falling of a stump, which he was undermining at the time for the purpose of removing from his claim. The leg was badly crushed just above the ankle joint.

Sacramento Daily Union, April 13, 1858, page 4


    MATTERS AT JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find the following items of interest in the Sentinel of April 10th, including a case of cold-blooded murder at Ashland Mills:
    "Professor Sisson was shot, and almost instantly killed recently by some concealed assassin, who succeeded in making his escape without being identified. We are informed that one or two persons saw Sisson fall at the report of the gun, but did not see the assassin. This is certainly one of the most cold-blooded and cowardly assassinations that has ever occurred in this or any other country. Doctor Sisson leaves a wife and child to mourn his untimely death.
    "New mines, and rich ones, have been discovered about eight miles north of Jacksonville, near the military road. Rails and Patty have been taking out as high as two hundred dollars a day to the hand. No doubt remains that some of the richest gold deposits anywhere in this section of the country is in the region of hills north of Willow Springs ranch, and west from Fort Lane. All that is necessary to make that district the most extensive and best-paying district of country is the procuring [of] water from Stuart's Creek to wash with.
    "Jackson Creek mines are not exhausted. The miners are doing well, as a usual thing. Our old friend S. Dunlap showed us a most beautiful and smooth specimen, weighing over one and a half ounces, picked up on his claim about a mile and a half above town."
Sacramento Daily Union, April 17, 1858, page 4


Siskiyou Items.
    We find the following items of news in the Siskiyou Chronicle of the 8th inst.:
    ASSASSINATION.--A most atrocious murder was perpetrated at Ashland Mills, on Tuesday morning last. The victim was a Dr. Sisson, of that place. Some time previous to this he was shot at, which, however, only grazed one of his hands. But on the morning above stated, he received the fatal shot and was found dead near his residence. The person or persons who committed the murder have not been detected, but we learn that suspicion rests on certain parties thereabouts, though not with sufficient evidence to warrant arrests. Ashland Mills are situated in Rogue River Valley, Oregon.
Daily Globe, San Francisco, April 18, 1858, page 3


    CRESCENT CITY.--Dates have been received from this point to April 21st. The Crescent City Herald says: We learn from a gentleman lately down from the mouth of Rogue River that, on Tuesday night last, some fifteen Indians rushed into the house of one Thomas--about two miles this side [of] the mouth of that stream--his door being only secured by a blanket, and attacked him in bed. He fought his way out through them and escaped. Two other men, named Taylor, who were sleeping in the house, broke for a boat which they had left at some little distance, but on arriving there found it guarded by Indians. They ran for the brush, but we regret to say that one of them has not been seen or heard of since, and too probably has been murdered. There is great need of troops at the mouth of Rogue River. Some should be stationed there at once, and all the Chetcoes who will not go on to the Reservation should be killed or driven out of the country. This is the third murder perpetrated by them within the last few months."
    We learn from Bowlin and Sucker creeks that the mines were never paying better than at present. Average wages made by those at work there are ten dollars per day to the hand. This is in the banks, where nearly all the work is being done at present. North & Co. took out last week a piece weighing $160. Ball & Ward have taken out of their claim in one day, by their own labor, as high as ten ounces. Numbers are prospecting in the vicinity of the well-known McDonald claim, and all striking good diggings.
    The contractors have been making the most of the late fine weather, and are rapidly pushing the road on to completion.
Sacramento Daily Union, April 26, 1858, page 1


    THE NEW WAGON ROAD.--The Yreka Union has received from a reliable source the following in reference to the wagon road between Crescent City and Kerbyville:
    "We learn from the same informant that the wagon road from Crescent City is expected to be completed to Kerbyville by the first of May, that Mr. Mann, of the Crescent City Express, is now in San Francisco purchasing coaches to put on the road between the two points. He also informs us that Mr. Thomas, of Rogue River Valley, has secured a charter from the Oregon Legislature to construct a turnpike road across the Siskiyou Mountains between Jacksonville and Yreka, and is now operating with a considerable force at both sides of the mountain, and is making an excellent road. This is a very desirable work and will greatly facilitate the passage between us and our Jacksonville neighbors."
Daily Democratic State Journal, Sacramento, April 28, 1858, page 2


    BREADSTUFFS IN CALIFORNIA.--The Press Current gives an interesting review of the flour speculation in this state, from which we quote the following, as showing the limited portion of the state depending upon the San Francisco market for a supply of breadstuffs:
    "From all we can learn, it seems evident that the demand on this market for breadstuffs comes from a very limited region of the state. Remote points are well supplied from their own and adjacent districts. A gentleman who arrived in this city from Yreka, a few days since, informs us that on his way up from Shasta to Yreka, quite recently, he met various trains packing flour to Shasta and Weaverville, from Shasta, Scott and Rogue River valleys. Four hundred and thirteen muleloads of flour were thus encountered. The crops in those valleys were quite prolific the last year, and as they have but a sparse population to consume it, a large surplus remains from which to supply other sections. At Yreka, flour was worth $14 ₽ bbl., and the freight to Shasta and Weaverville by the return trains was only 2½¢ ₽ lb., making the price at the latter place $19 ₽ bbl., a rate as cheap as it could be obtained at by packing it from below. There are two mills in Scott's Valley, three in Rogue River Valley, and two in Shasta Valley, at least, and we believe there are still others. Freight, at the present reduced rates between this city and Shasta, is $85 ₽
ton, and, when commissions are added, the cost of flour laid down in Shasta from this market would be fully up to or more than the price mentioned. But there is also an abundance of flour in the Upper Sacramento Valley, the presence of which would preclude the introduction of supplies from any point south of Marysville, as it could be afforded cheaper than flour from below could be sold for under the present rates in this market. Neither San Francisco nor Sacramento could successfully compete with the eight mills in that valley. It is the opinion of our informant, who is well acquainted with the wants of our northern population, that hereafter that section will require nothing in the provision line from beyond its own borders, and the remark we think is fully applicable to many other sections that until lately have depended on this market for supplies. Such facts are too apt to be overlooked by city speculators, who seem to regard San Francisco as California entire."
Sacramento Daily Union, May 3, 1858, page 1


    FLOUR MOVEMENT.--The Crescent City Herald of April 28th says:
    "But a short time ago, two years at most, nearly every train leaving here for the interior had as a part of its freight more or less flour. That has not only ceased entirely, but the tables are turned, and the flour is now coming here from the interior. A train of nineteen mules came in from Rogue River Valley last week loaded with it. It brought nine cents."
Sonoma Democrat, Santa Rosa, California, May 6, 1858, page 2


Port Orford, O.T., April 18th, 1858.
    Mr. Editor:--Of a gentleman just up from Rogue River (distant thirty miles) I learn the startling fact that on Tuesday night last a band of Indians made a descent upon a cabin--some three or four miles up the river--occupied by three young men, on a cattle ranch. Late at night, after they had gone to bed, about fifteen Indians, with a yell, rushed into the cabin, which had, instead of a door, a blanket hung up. Before they could reach their arms, the Indians had them secured, no doubt having learned their locality before the men retired. In the confusion and darkness of the night a struggle ensued; the whites, finding all means of defense gone, rushed through the savages out of the doorway, each making the best of his way for safety. One of the men made good his escape to the settlements at the mouth of the river; the second reached the brush and lay secure until daylight; the third, Stephen Taylor, was killed. The party making his escape gave the alarm at the settlements, and a party of men repaired to the spot to render assistance, if possible, to the two missing men; they found the house in flames and the Indians gone. After daylight, this party made the discovery of the death of Stephen Taylor, whose body was thrown into the river; they also discovered that the Indians had taken a trail towards Pistol River, in a southerly direction across the mountains. By this daring exploit, the Indians secured two good rifles, one revolver, two cans of powder, lead, caps and all of the provisions, blankets &c. with which these men were amply supplied. Great alarm is felt by the settlers, as it has become dangerous for any small party to pass to or from this settlement. A singular fact connected with this circumstance is that this cabin occupied the same spot upon which Capt. Ben Wright was killed, in Feby. 1856, which immediately preceded that disastrous and bloody Indian war.
    It is difficult to say what has brought about this act of the Indians. None of them have been seen in that quarter, previous to this last outbreak, since the war. The impression is that the Indians on our southern border are more numerous than before anticipated, and that having help from some quarter, they meditate a savage revenge for being interrupted and removed from their old country. Several whites have recently been killed, and the lives of others attempted. The people are heavily taxed for self-protection; many of them are, and have been, struggling since the war of 1856 to relieve themselves of embarrassments brought about by that war. They have their all of this world's goods in that locality. Must they be driven out by a savage foe and compelled to abandon all they have again, or may they expect tangible relief? I trust the latter.
Yours truly,
    R. W. DUNBAR.
Oregon Weekly Times, Portland, May 8, 1858, page 1


    New gold mines (says the Sentinel) have been discovered about eight miles north of Jacksonville paying fifty dollars a day to the hand. "New gold mines" will probably be the order of the day from this on till fall. Don't let everybody run at once.
Oregon Argus, Oregon City, May 8, 1858, page 2s


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--
We find the following items of interest in the Sentinel of May 1st:
    O. S. Hart, who has been figuring rather conspicuously in this county for some time past, and one of the parties implicated in the murder of Dr. Sisson, at Ashland Mills, was visited the other day by Samuel Fair, the Sheriff of Siskiyou County, Cal., and taken to California, to answer on a charge of murder. It is reported that a reward of fifteen hundred dollars was offered for his apprehension.
    At a late Democratic county convention, Joseph Lane was recommended to the office of United States Senator, to represent the new state of Oregon.
    The following important decision was rendered in the United States District Court for Jackson County, in an indictment vs. Wakeman and Murphy, for breaking and destroying a dam:
    "Held, that whoever first appropriates the water of a running stream for purposes of mining, either by using it in the natural channel, or by turning it into a ditch, has the exclusive right to the use of such water to the extent of such appropriation, as against all persons who do not claim title to the land from the general government. It is a crime within the meaning of the 34th section of Chapter 4 of the Crimes Act, to destroy a dam by which the water is turned from its natural channel into a ditch for mining purposes, although the person so destroying the dam may have a right by prior appropriation to have the water, or some portion of it, thus diverted to run in the natural channel. The party who considers himself aggrieved by the dam may proceed by injunction to have the dam removed or modified, if, upon the hearing, it shall appear that he has the better right to all or a portion of the water by having first appropriated the same.
Sacramento Daily Union, May 11, 1858, page 1



    A MAN MISSING IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--We learn that, on the 25th of April, a young man who was in the employ of Sykes, on Evans Creek, in this county, left the house about eight o'clock in the evening, without shoes or coat, and has not since been seen or heard of. Search was made for several days afterwards, but nothing was discovered that gave any clue to his whereabouts or fate. His name is Morrison; he is about twenty-seven years old, and was from Eugene City, Oregon.--Jacksonville (O.T.) Sentinel.

Sacramento Daily Union, May 17, 1858, page 3


    "NOW YOU SEE IT, AND NOW YOU DON'T SEE IT."--In his speeches at Jacksonville and Sterling, last week, Col. Kelly, the "national" candidate for Congress, endorsed the Administration side of the Kansas question, and the decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case. At Gasburg, where Republicans are numerous, he was silent in regard to these questions. We last week predicted that this would be the game with the "national" candidates. In the company of pro-slavery men, they are pro-slavery, and in the company of Republicans, they are black as the blackest. In this they are following out the example of good St. Paul--they "become all things to all men, that thereby they may win some" votes--Jacksonville Herald.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, May 18, 1858, page 1


Liberality.
    The Sacramento Evening Visitor relates the following incident: "A day or two since an old gentleman, a miner living in Jacksonville, Oregon, came down on one of the Red Bluff boats, accompanied by his daughter, a sweet little girl, who has been blind for two years past. He was on his way to San Francisco and had worked in the mines for the period mentioned for the purpose of procuring means to pay for the services of an oculist, in the hopes of restoring the little girl to sight. Capt. Whitney, the president of the California Steam Navigation Company, being on board the boat, and learning the circumstances of the case, granted them a free pass to San Francisco and back, and supplied him with every comfort on the way."
Daily Globe, San Francisco, May 18, 1858, page 3


    THE NEW ROAD FROM SHASTA TO YREKA.--From the Yreka Union we learn that the wagon road from Shasta to Yreka is being rapidly pushed forward to completion. The road is being made twelve feet wide, of solid digging, rising on the outside six inches, with a culvert on the inside to drain the water off. The heaviest grading in this section has been completed, and the road to the river will be built with but little difficulty. From Fitch's ferry to the foot of Scott Mountain the road runs along Trinity Valley, and with the exception of two or three points in the neighborhood of Trinity Center, which will need some excavations, there will be but little grading to do. The entire cost of the road to the foot of the mountain will amount to about $10,000, and an addition of $25,000 will bring it to Callahan's Ranch.
    This road when completed will connect Sacramento with Jacksonville, Oregon, by a continuous wagon road of four hundred and sixty miles, and surmounting obstacles at times considered impregnable. The contract calls for the completion of the road to the foot of Scott Mountain by the 19th July next, but the contractor will endeavor to have it so far completed that stages may make the trip on the 4th of July, when the time consumed in traveling from San Francisco to Yreka will be but seventy-eight hours, being a saving of at least two, if not three, days, as it now occupies five and six days in the passage.
San Francisco Bulletin, May 20, 1858, page 3


LYCURGUS JACKSON
United States Dist. Clerk for Jackson Co.
Office--in Jacksonville, O.T.
August 19, 1854.
Oregon Weekly Times, Portland, May 22, 1858, page 4


    NEW ROADS.--A wagon road was opened a couple of weeks since between Shasta and Weaverville, and stages are now running regularly between the two places. The new wagon road between Shasta and Yreka is nearly finished. A wagon road has been made from Crescent City to Jacksonville, and the Christian Advocate says that stages have commenced running between the two places. A direct stage road is being made between Santa Cruz and San Jose. These are all great improvements, and will have much influence on the course of trade.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, May 22, 1858, page 1


    THE SHASTA AND YREKA WAGON ROAD.--Referring to this project, to which reference has been repeatedly made in the Union, a correspondent of the Fireman's Journal, writing from Scott River, says:
    "The road, when finished, will give a direct wagon road communication between Sacramento and Oregon of at least four hundred and sixty-five miles. The ultimate advantages to be derived from this road are incalculable, opening up, as it will, a rapid means of communication between the commercial metropolis of California and the great North, and will furnish the merchants of San Francisco a fine opportunity of visiting those sections of the country from which they derive their support. The time has been when the pictured fatigues of a trip over the mountains debarred them from visiting this portion of the state. In two months they will be enabled to make the trip from the Bay to Yreka, four hundred and twenty-five miles, in seventy-eight hours, without difficulty--the same trip consuming five days at the present time. This road will furnish a much safer mode of transporting freight for the Klamath and Salmon River country than by shipping on vessels, compelled to make passages of the most dangerous character on a coast famed for the severity of its seasons. From the foot of Scott's Mountain, on this side, to Portland, Oregon, there is an immense mining and agricultural interest, comprising Scott's, Shasta and Rogue rivers, and Umpqua and Willamette valleys. These are all very rich, and will afford an enormous amount of business for the new road."

Sacramento Daily Union,
May 24, 1858, page 1



    Company B, 3rd Artillery, left Benicia a few days ago, to take post at Fort Umpqua. The company will go by Rogue River, and take up to the Reservation those Indians now on the river.
"Army Movements," Sacramento Daily Union, May 26, 1858, page 3


    ASSESSING CATTLE FROM OREGON.--The Jacksonville (O.T.) Sentinel is disposed to rally the authorities of one of our northern counties a little, for assessing the cattle that pass through it from Oregon to the Sacramento Valley or Southern California, of which stock it is estimated there will be, this season, some 20,000 head.
Sacramento Daily Union, May 27, 1858, page 2


    PACK MULES FOR FRASER RIVER.--A train of one hundred pack mules, caparisoned with saddles, and some four or five horses, crossed the Yolo Ferry yesterday, in charge of Alvarez & Marks, for Fraser. They will proceed overland, via Shasta, Yreka and Jacksonville. We understand that the train has heretofore been used in packing from Stockton to the southern mines. There were fourteen men in the train.

Sacramento Daily Union, June 5, 1858, page 3



    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find in the Jacksonville Sentinel, of May 29th, the following intelligence from Southern Oregon:
    "We understand that the Crescent City and Jacksonville road has become navigable for wagons. J. R. Peters arrived on Thursday evening, direct from Crescent City, with a buggy. Peters is the first man that rode through on the first buggy that came direct from Crescent City to Jacksonville. When the stage makes the first trip, the people shall hear of it.
    "Cleaveland Walker was convicted, at the trial session of the District Court, of assisting prisoners to escape from jail, and sentenced to three years' confinement in the Penitentiary.
    "James Stephens, who was indicted for larceny by the grand jury at the May term of the District Court of the Third Judicial District in Oregon, was arrested at Yreka, California, and placed in jail to await the requisition of the Governor.
    "Tom Banning, who was indicted for an assault with intent to kill, was rearrested on a bench warrant, but made his escape from the Sheriff, and has not been taken.
    "Asbury Smith, charged with larceny, whose case was submitted to a jury; the jury disagreed, and were discharged, and cause continued till next court.
    "David H. Sexton, charged with larceny, by stealing a mule from John Purdy, was tried and acquitted at the trial sitting of the District Court."
Sacramento Daily Union, June 7, 1858, page 1


    A mass convention of all parties met at Jacksonville on the 15th ult. and nominated a county ticket as follows: State Senator, A. Ross; Representatives, Dr. J. W. McCully and J. A. Van Vest.
    The Herald (Jacksonville) says that a daughter of Wm. Justus, ten years of age, was bitten by a rattlesnake on the 21st ult., and died in twelve hours. We believe this is he first instance on record of a rattlesnake bite in Oregon.
Oregon Argus, Oregon City, June 12, 1858, page 2


    A MAN MISSING IN SOUTHERN OREGON.--We learn that, on the 25th of April, a young man who was in the employ of Sykes, on Evans Creek, in this county, left the house about 8 o'clock in the evening, without coat or shoes, and has not since been seen or heard of. Search was made for several days afterwards, but nothing was discovered that gave any clue to his whereabouts or fate. His name is Morrison; he is about twenty-seven years old, and was from Eugene City, Oregon.--Jacksonville Sentinel.
Oregon Statesman,
Salem, June 15, 1858, page 2


Dentistry.
DR. J. R. CARDWELL, Dental Surgeon, Corvallis, in his profession, at Corvallis, Eugene City, Winchester, Scottsburg and Jacksonville. Skill, unquestionable; charges respectable; work, warranted. Teeth examined, and advice given free of charge.
    Due notice given of change of office.
    April 26, 1855.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, June 15, 1858, page 4


    SMITH RIVER INDIANS VS. THE ROGUE RIVER INDIANS, &c.--From a gentleman who just arrived from Crescent City, we learn that just previous to his departure from that place a number of the Smith River Indians had come into the city and reported that they had a fight with, and killed some four or five of, the outlaw Rogue River Indians, who had given so much trouble recently on the frontier. From the same source we also learn that the macadamized road connecting Crescent City and Yreka with Jacksonville, Oregon, is in fine order; a good line of stages is running between these points, and the travel greatly increased.
San Francisco Bulletin, June 16, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find in the Sentinel of June 12th the following matters of interest:
    The following is the official vote of Jackson County: For Representative in Congress--L. F. Grover, Democrat, 648; J. K. Kelly, National, 243; McBride, Republican, 8. For Governor--J. Whiteaker, Democrat, 440; E. M. Barnum, National, 432; Denny, Republican, 6. For Secretary of State--L. Heath, Democrat, 542; E. A. Rice, National, 280; Holmes, Republican, 13. For State Treasurer--J. D. Boon, Democrat, 531; J. L. Brumley, National, 283; Applegate, Republican, 10. For State Printer--A. Bush, Democrat, 322; Jas. O'Meara, National, 507; Craig, Republican, 7.
    Sheriff Pyle left on the 9th, with A. J. Owens and Cleveland Walker, for Portland. The first is sentenced to five years, and the latter to three years' confinement in the penitentiary. Owens for committing the crime of burglary, and Walker for assisting him to escape.
    James Clugage will next week start a triweekly stage line from this place to connect with the transportation train of Johnson, at Patrick's Ranch, 45 miles this side of Crescent City. Johnson has the mail contract for carrying the mail between this and Crescent City.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 18, 1858, page 4


OUR SOUTHERN OREGON CORRESPONDENCE.
Jacksonville, Oregon Territory,
    June 5, 1858.
    You requested me to post you on passing events up here in the mountains. You have probably seen a state emerge from a territorial shell--have witnessed the explosion of a territorial organization, and the crystallization of an entire new star in the American firmament. Such occurrences are to be seen in the Empire Republic only. It is one of the phenomena of a well-balanced government, based upon the popular will. 'Tis the model government of the world, experimenting on fresh, crude earth and primeval forests, sending a wave of civilization per ox teams, and territorial government, followed closely by steam, electricity and state government, giving art a speedy introduction to Dame Nature. Verily, who but prejudiced kings could doubt for a moment the experiment proving highly successful.
POLITICS IN OREGON.
    Oregon is now passing through her territorial probation. Politics rage. We have duplicate Washingtons, Franklins, Clays, Websters and Calhouns, who swell with patriotism, economy, statesmanship and eloquence--swear the country is not safe unless they go to the United States Senate, or take the first trick at the wheel of state. Gen. Lane is booked for the United States Senate without a dissenting voice from the ever-waning populi. Delazon Smith is urging his claims for the same distinguished position. He is the Cicero, the Clay of the Territory, of the Dahlgren gun order--throws round shot or shell without heating, and, like that celebrated gun, is double-vented, and of course less liable to political explosion. He served his country with distinction under the Tyler regime, was accredited to the Central American states as a commercial agent (probably with a roving commission, for it is asserted by his political detractors that he got lost--befogged, and that the next administration were unable to find him for some years). He may have been serving his god in the capacity of minister, instead of his country, preaching the gospel to the benighted hybrids of that region, but we may not have a clear record of that mission to the tropics. On returning, however, to his native states, he left the too-exciting political ring, and took kindly to preaching the gospel to his fellow citizens in Iowa. As a pulpit orator he excels, and is an ornament, but man how changeable--the golden era dawned, that potent magnet, magic gold, changed the world like a flash of light, and forced man Pacificward.
    The flood tide of emigration caught up our future Senator, and turned him up just in time to take an active part in the formation of the ethical and political surface of the young and beautiful, but rustic, Oregon. The way he has pulled the wires, and molded the discordant elements so hastily thrown together, stamps the man with a high order of genius--he is now a fixture in the Democratic wheel, and will probably revolve into the U.S. Senate. Grover, the Democratic candidate, will probably go to Congress. His opponent is Kelly, a bolting national Democrat. O'Meara, of the Portland Standard, recently from your state, is running well for State Printer, canvassed the Territory in company with Bush, his opponent; was well received. He runs on the National ticket. We have Democracy and National Democracy, constructed for the occasion, in imitation of the Administration and Douglas style, a shade of difference, just to make it interesting. Keep posted in the art of splitting hairs, to prevent a centralizing monopoly of power. Keep the ship away from despotic shoals, and run her by that old Democratic chart, called the Constitution. Congress should admit us as a state at once, and give our worthy politicians a chance.
THE WANTS OF OREGON.
    The undue excitement about Kansas, and the everlasting "nigger question," has caused our appointed guardians and legislators at Washington to forget Oregon, and in fact the whole of our Pacific coast. We of the Pacific Slope seem to have no right or influence in the council of the nation, yet but recently our mineral productions and commercial importance were gratefully received and duly acknowledged--our value, not only to the United States but to all the world was fully gauged by that fearful financial tornado that swept the earth. Then why this apathy, this total silence, and it seems contempt of this isolated and unprotected, but rich and beautiful, side of the great Republic? Why tickle the vanity of the ultra Northern and Southern maniacs, by allowing them to engross the whole attention of Congress for years on their pet abstract "nigger questions," to the disparagement of the solid interest of the Nation? Please record this as the voice of the Great West appealing to the North and South for a cessation of hostilities, and a redressment of grievances. Even the Pacific Mail Company is allowed to arrest the progress and development of the West; fattened by heavy mail contracts, they suck the last drop of blood from their helpless victims, and by fabulous fare blockade the stream of immigration, lay an embargo on the introduction of labor, which is indispensable to progress. Legislation is certainly needed on this monopoly or we sink; neglect will prove suicidal. It would be economy to the Nation to establish another steamship line to run side by side, with equal mail contracts, to enable them to spread the population of the East westward, and to help roll on the Pacific ball of commerce. Such a system of steam communication, with legislation to prevent combination, would secure permanent opposition and systematize the price of passage. It would once more open the ports of the Pacific to the families of the East, and give us population for defense in case of war, or make us a respectable dinner house on the great road of commerce from China to New York.
MINING NEWS.
    The news from the Colville mines confirms past reports of the existence of gold in paying quantities in that far-off northern region, and also establishes the probability of diggings still further on Fraser River, away off in the British possessions, but the news from the latter is vague, second-hand and unsatisfactory. Three thousand men have gone up there from all sources, a number entirely sufficient to explore that country. If it is a steamboat humbug, they will brand it as such, but if gold be found in abundance, the dust will soon find its way to San Francisco and be known to all the world.
ROUTE TO FRASER'S RIVER.
    If the Fraser and Thompson river mines turn out rich, something in relation to routes thither may not prove uninteresting to the population of California. There are four routes, and another (No. 5) in contemplation.
    No. 1, the sea route, to Bellingham Bay, Puget Sound, is not to be recommended until a road is cut through the Cascade Mountains. At present, the miner is at the mercy of the speculator all around.
    No. 2 is by steamer from San Francisco to the Columbia River, thence up that river to the Dalles. Here purchase animals and outfit, and proceed up the north branch to Fort Colville, thence north, or north by west, to the head branches of Fraser River.
    No. 3 is by Shasta, Yreka, Jacksonville, Winchester, Salem and via Barlow's Gate through the Cascade Mountains to the Dalles--intersecting No. 2 at this point. This route can be traveled by steamboat or stage up to Sacramento, through the Shasta, Rogue River, Umpqua and Willamette valleys--through a settled country. The trip through from Marysville to Fraser River--about 1,200 miles--would cost $300.
    No. 3 is cheaper and more independent. A party of twenty or more, with two animals each, one to pack and one to ride; pack up flour enough for twenty days, and some tools, and proceed up the Sacramento and Pit River valleys to Klamath Lake, then by the old Indian trail on the east side of the Cascade Mountains, to the Dalles of the Columbia River; here buy provisions and proceed as on routes Nos. 2 and 3. The practical prospector, or old mountaineer, will readily see the advantages of No. 4 over others. He arrives at the diggings ready to go to work, is at home every night, prepared to explore the country, is armed for the mountains, kills his own meat, and is ready for defense, and, if not victimized by the grandest humbug of the age, his mules will bring a handsome premium, as pack trains will have to be used to move supplies. No. 5 is to be opened yet; subscriptions for that purpose were taken up at Portland and Vancouver; the work to be commenced immediately. It leaves Vancouver, and runs across Washington Territory, by the base of Mount Hood, about north by east--distance about 300 miles.
    The Columbia River merchants are alive to their interests in the great northern stampede. Strong efforts will be made to bring the flood that way, whether the mines are a humbug or not. If the mines pay three dollars per day, the road will certainly be made, and they will have gained their point. First, because the cost of freight and passage to Vancouver will be less than to Bellingham Bay. Second, the distance from both points to the mines is about the same, and a good wagon road may be made from the former, while from the latter it would be difficult, making a pack trail through the Coast Mountains, navigation of Fraser River, as well as other rivers emptying into the Sound, not being practicable.
SOUTHERN OREGON.
    The mines in Southern Oregon are paying well. We have none of the advantages of ditches in this country, but depend entirely on the rains of winter for a supply of water. The only reason alleged for not working ditches is that the mines pay well enough yet without them.
    Jacksonville, the county seat of Jackson County, adjoining your state line, is situated in one of the finest valleys in the world, rich in agricultural and pastoral resources, while the chain of hills looming up around it are loaded with ore enough to make miners of the next generation. Here are abundant resources to make this place a respectable mountain city, wanting nothing but the magic touch of another immigration to make it bloom with prosperity. Indian wars blasted the growth of this place, but the Indian has gone. Life is apparent, and the incessant buzz of civilization resumed. Brick buildings are going up, and things begin to look paramount. The crops in this--Rogue River Valley--are heavy. The Willamette Valley does not promise so well; report says there will barely be an average crop. The Crescent City wagon road is open, ready for travel. Jacksonville and Yreka have at last an outlet through the wall of rugged coast mountains to a seaport. The advantages of this road cannot be appreciated by outsiders. A resident only can realize our isolated position--situated just outside of the civilized world, immediately outside of Uncle Sam's mail system. One-horse expresses have furnished us a glance, at intervals, of the passing busy world around us. We will not cultivate friendly relations, and insist on mixing up generally with outsiders.
    The military road to the north of us is progressing rapidly. The heaviest work on it is on the cañon through the Umpqua Mountain, which, when finished, will give good communication to the Umpqua and Willamette valleys. Congress has made liberal appropriation for this work. Another road is being made to the south of us, through a pass in the Siskiyou Mountains to Yreka, which makes quite an improvement on the old road. Stages run it daily. The road from Yreka to Shasta remains to be finished; when this is done there will be a good stage road from Bear River to the Columbia, about 1,500 miles, threading the great chain of valleys stretching coastwise; bounded by the Nevada and Cascade mountains on the east, and Coast Mountains on the west, and the latest news from the North indicates the extension of this great road from Fort Vancouver, on the Columbia River, to the Fraser River mines. Eighteen hundred miles of stage road stretching from Austral to Arctic climes, penetrating mountains, forced with resistless impulse over all impediments, to a completion in the short space of nine years, loudly commends the rawboned energy of the American frontiersman, but above all, illustrates the power of gold on the action of men.
ON THE WING.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, June 19, 1858, page 1


Jacksonville, O.T., May 29, 1858.
    I can inform you, sir, that I left Humboldt Bay and went to Crescent City, but I did not like the place, and I left there, and went to the Klamath River, to Trinity River, to Salmon River, to Shasta River, and to Scotts River, and, finally, I concluded to go over into Oregon, and went to Ashland, Gasburg and Jacksonville from Yreka, but I cannot make it pay anywhere that I have seen yet. It is true, this is a good country, and so is Scotts Valley, in California, but they do not suit my business. I expect to come back to Hangtown in about four months; I have not done any work since I left there, and my expenses have been considerable. I will give you better satisfaction in my next letter.
James H. Wilson.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 28, 1858, page 2


    YREKA.--From the Yreka Union, of June 24th, we cull the following intelligence:
*  *  *
    Strong is rapidly pushing forward the telegraph from Weaverville to Yreka.
    The land travel north to Fraser compares favorably with the accounts from the San Francisco papers of the immense travel by water. For the last two weeks the Oregon road from this place has been lined with persons bound for the new gold country. In two days' travel from Jacksonville to this place, a friend informs us he met no less than one hundred men en route for Fraser River, some on foot carrying their blankets; sometimes a company of four or six men are fortunate enough to have a pack animal; others study their comfort enough to provide themselves with a riding animal. Like all gold excitements, the main object seems to be to get there, no matter how. On the whole, we think many will find Fraser River a hard road to travel before they arrive at their journey.
    We are indebted to John S. Dudley, County Assessor, for the following statement of the number and kind of stock that have crossed the Klamath River within the last four weeks, en route
from Oregon to the lower portions of the state. Cows, 1,344; steers, 2,270; two-year-olds, 1,508; yearlings, 1,235; oxen, 193; horses, 238; mules, 119; hogs, 335; sheep, 300; total, 7,542. The above comprises the stock assessed by the assessor and his deputies; that which was driven by the residents of the state for their own use was not assessed, as the owners would be subject to taxation in their own localities, and is estimated at about one-fifth of the whole number, making the total increase of the stock of the state from this source, in four weeks, a little over 9,000. The collectors have received over $4,000 revenue from this source.
    Saddles are getting to be a scarce commodity hereabout, occasioned by the Fraser immigration. The Greenhorn tannery has been receiving a rush of customers for saddles, and its workmen are using every exertion to satisfy the demand.
Sacramento Daily Union, June 28, 1858, page 3


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--We find in the Sentinel, of June 19th, the following particulars of a shooting affray, in Josephine County:
    "On Monday last, at Althouse, a shooting match came off among a party of Frenchmen. One had the top of his head shot off, causing instant death. The man that shot the first man was then shot through the right shoulder, wounding him severely, but not considered mortal. We are informed by Sheriff Hendershott that the parties have been arrested and were to be examined on Wednesday last. We have not heard the result of the examination. It is thought, however, that the man who killed the other was acting in self-defense. They were partners in a mining claim, and the difficulty was concerning the claim."
    The Sentinel says:
    "The match race over the Jacksonville Course, made by Lewis and McCoin, for two thousand dollars, is to come off on the 17th day of July next, between the 'Glass-Eyed Filly,' and 'Jim Crack.'
    "A little girl, aged ten years, daughter of Wm. Justus, has been bitten by a rattlesnake, and died in twelve hours."
Sacramento Daily Union, July 2, 1858, page 1



    FROM CRESCENT CITY TO YREKA.--The stages are now running regularly through from this place to Yreka. From here to Sailor Diggings the route is run by McLellan & Co., and Mann, thence to Jacksonville by Clugage & Drum, and from Jacksonville to Yreka by the California Stage Company. Passengers can now be transported from Jacksonville to this place in thirty-six, and from Yreka in sixty hours, and this in daylight, giving them all night to sleep on the road. Quite an amount of freight is now being hauled from this place to Jacksonville and Rogue River Valley. The present price is four cents per pound. But when the road becomes more worn and smooth, and the proper kind of wagons and teams are placed on it, there is no doubt but that freight can be taken to Yreka for that price or even less, in which case it will unquestionably be [in] the interest of the merchants of that place to take their goods by this route.--Crescent City Herald.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, July 3, 1858, page 1


    Beggs, of the Jacksonville Herald, is about to remove his paper to Roseburg, Douglas Co.
"Newspaporial," Oregon Statesman, Salem, July 6, 1858, page 2


    NORTHERN COMMUNICATION.--The Crescent City Herald of the 23rd says:
    "
The stages are now running regularly through from this place to Yreka. From here to Sailor Diggings the route is run by McLellan & Co. and Mann, thence to Jacksonville to Yreka by the California Stage Company. Passengers can now be transported from Jacksonville to this place in thirty-six, and from Yreka in sixty hours, and this in daylight, giving them all night to sleep on the road. If a steamer is here when they arrive, twenty-four hours' run will take them to San Francisco (if Capt. Haley is here with the Pacific he don't want that much time) so that the whole time from Yreka to the Bay by this route will be only eighty-four hours, and from Jacksonville only sixty."
Sonoma Democrat, July 8, 1858, page 1


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--The Sentinel, of July 3rd, says:
    On Tuesday our fellow townsman, D. B. Brenan, met with a serious accident, and was severely injured. He and one Johnson have been running a tunnel into the hill west of Jackson Creek, about three miles from town. They were in the act of drilling out a hole when the charge exploded with a frightful crash, badly mutilating Brenan. Johnson escaped with only slight burns. Brenan was severely burnt on the face and eyes, and slightly on the right arm and breast. The left hand was dreadfully mangled, and the left knee received a considerable wound.
    A weekly mail commenced over the route from Cañonville to Yreka, "from and after the first regular mail day after the first of July."
Sacramento Daily Union, July 13, 1858, page 3


    The Jacksonville papers speak in well-deserved praise of Hinkley & Kimball's Oregon circus. The institution is on its winding way to New Mexico. It is worthy of note that the circus bills were printed at this office. Those having anything in the printing line to be done will do well to make a note of that.
Oregon Weekly Times, Portland, July 17, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--We find in the Sentinel, of July 10th, the following amusing account of a "half wedding."
    "At Phoenix, on Sunday, the 4th, by Col. Hays, J.P., Mr. Pursely to Miss Wagner, both of that place.
    "We learn that Mr. Pursely is a son of St. Crispin, who has been endeavoring to 'make ends meet' for eight months past, in the flourishing little town above named, and who it is said has conducted himself in the meantime quite respectably. Some months since he became enamored of Miss Wagner, a respectable lady, who finally consented to wed. On Sunday evening, everything being got in readiness, the 'Squire bid them stand up. After the usual preliminaries, he asked the male party: 'Do you take this woman to be your lawful wedded wife?' The groom, who had taken some stimulants to 'bring his courage up to the sticking point,' and who, consequently, had no very definite idea of the proprieties of the occasion, answered, 'I don't do nothin' else, old hoss!' This gave dire offense to the would-be bride, and she at once became a wouldn't-be bride. She remained, however, while the Justice, amid the suppressed merriment of the company, some sixty persons, propounded the all-important query, which she answered with a negative, and resumed her seat. In accordance with the suggestion of a friend, he left the room. He went and drank more liquor, and was soon after in a state of far advanced inebriation, when he was taken and thrown into the millrace nearby. He afterwards received a coat of lampblack and was subjected to sundry and divers other indignities. At last accounts, Pursely was non est."
Sacramento Daily Union, July 21, 1858, page 1


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--In the Jacksonville Sentinel, of July 17th, we find the following, in the letter of its Salem (O.T.) correspondent, concerning a new mail route and the establishment of post offices on the Yreka road:
    "I have seen Norris, the postal agent. He informs me that, at my request, he has recommended a mail route from Sterling, via Jacksonville, to Westgate's, on Butte Creek, and thinks it will be established. He has also recommended post offices at James McDonald's and at David Birdseye's, on the route from Cañonville to Yreka. The postmasters at each end of this route, should the contractor fail to carry the mail once a week according to schedule, will be requested to have the service performed and charge the contractor with the excess of expenses."
    The Sentinel has also the following:
    "We regret to be called upon to record the death of our esteemed fellow townsman, D. B. Brenan, a native of Ohio, who was so severely injured recently by a mining accident, and who it was thought a week ago was in a fair way to recover. On Saturday last he began to grow worse, having attacks of tetanus, which continued until Monday, when he expired.
    "A young man named Burris, a miner, from Evans' Creek, was brought to town on Tuesday by Mr. Bethel, in a state of apparently hopeless insanity, and from want of a better place he is now confined in the jail. His father is either on Galice Creek or the Umpqua Valley, and sometimes called 'Kentuck.' Anyone knowing him would perform an act of humanity by informing him of the condition of his son, and telling him to come to his assistance, as the young man often calls for his father."
Sacramento Daily Union, July 23, 1858, page 3



    WAR--"SPIRIT OF THE TIMES."--The Siskiyou Chronicle relates the following: On Saturday, 3rd inst., an extra, claiming to have been printed in Shasta, was brought into Jacksonville O.T., containing astonishing war news. The British war steamer Styx had been captured by a Yankee privateer, fitted out for the purpose, and brought into Charleston, S.C., and that [the] government had approved the act, and accepted the services of hundreds of privateers, and the war had commenced. This important news had been printed by a "junior" in one of the Jacksonville offices, sent out on the road, and brought into town by a man claiming to be an expressman from Yreka. Great excitement ensued, and the whole town was in an uproar. All the anvils, and nearly all the powder, in town was brought into use to fire guns, several parties trying which could fire the oftenest. After a season of general rejoicing, it leaked out that they had been humbugged. The wrath which followed this discovery can be imagined, and the authors of the trick of course made themselves scarce.
Sonoma County Journal, Petaluma, California, July 23, 1858, page 2


    On Monday evening last Dept. Sheriff Brown returned from Yreka, having in custody James Stephens, who had been confined in the jail at that place.  He was delivered up by the authorities of Siskiyou, although the Governor had deemed it fruitless to grant a requisition in any future case until the California statutes were amended.--Jacksonville Herald.

Oregon Statesman, Salem, July 27, 1858, page 2



    A HOAX.--On Saturday afternoon last some individuals were desirous of creating a little fun, got access to our office during our absence, and caused some slips to be printed purporting to be an extra of the Shasta Courier, and announcing the arrival in San Francisco of the steamer Sonora, with intelligence of the capture of the British war steamer Styx by an American clipper ship fitted out for the purpose, after a severe engagement in which several persons were killed and wounded on both sides. The slips were then placed in a package directed to Beekman's Express, sent out of town, and brought in and delivered to Beekman by a young man who had been out riding, who stated that they were handed to him by a person who was passing on hastily through the valley. The news spread like wildfire, and the excitement occasioned by it was intense. A large crowd soon gathered round the express office, a flag was run up, anvils were procured, and more than a hundred rounds fired before the seli was discovered. Some enthusiastic individuals were for raising a company and proceeding immediately to Fraser River. At length, however, it leaked out that the whole affair was a hoax, when the firing suddenly ceased, the flag was hauled down, and the military ardor of our citizens suddenly collapsed. A few of the sold were very much enraged at the hoax which had been played off upon them, but the majority, and the more sensible portion, laughed it off, and considered it a good joke.--Jacksonville Herald.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, July 27, 1858, page 3


    THE FRASER FEVER.--The Fraser fever is still raging with the utmost intensity. Our town presents alternately an empty or crowded appearance as boats have just left, or are just due, to take away the numbers that flock in from the interior to take passage here. The saloons present a good deal of the appearance of "fifty," being filled with miners playing billiards, cards, etc. Trinidad, we hear, has but six inhabitants left, and numbers are here from Humboldt, from which bay two vessels are reported to have sailed with passengers for the North. Late arrivals in town say that Kerbyville has "gone in," that Jacksonville has thinned off rapidly, and that miners are fast leaving the different creeks and diggings from here to the Klamath.

Sacramento Daily Union, July 28, 1858, page 1



    OREGON LEGISLATURE.--The Legislature met at Salem on the 4th. Colonel T'Vault, of Jacksonville, was elected Speaker of the Assembly. On the 6th, Gen. Lane and Delazon Smith were elected United States Senators.
    JACKSONVILLE RACES.--On Saturday last, the mile race between Dover's mare "Glass Eye" and the horse "Jim Crack," for $1000 a side, was won by the mare by fifteen feet.
"Yreka News," Red Bluff Beacon, July 28, 1858, page 2


    In Oregon we have no such thing as Douglas Democracy. Not a single newspaper, that we know of, supports Douglas, although the organs of Black Republicanism condemn the Administration--Jacksonville, O.T., Herald.
Red Bluff Beacon,
July 28, 1858, page 2


    Charman & Warner, who are always forward in everything pertaining to public enterprise, are about to publish a lithographed sketch of this city, showing, in addition to the body of the picture, the building belonging to each subscriber. Mr. Dresel, of the firm of Kuchel & Dresel of San Francisco, is now engaged in taking a pencil sketch of the place. Nineteen subscribers for the picture have been procured at $25 each. Mr. Dresel has shown us lithographed views of Jacksonville, Crescent City and other Pacific cities, which are very beautiful.
Oregon Argus, Oregon City, July 31, 1858, page 2


    HOUSE BURNED AT ASHLAND, O.T.--We learn that the dwelling of Mrs. Sisson, widow of Dr. Sisson, who was killed a few months since, was burned, together with the furniture, on Tuesday night, during the absence of the inmates. It is said that circumstances indicate that it was the work of an incendiary. If such is the fact, it would appear that the cold-hearted villain who waylaid and shot the Doctor is now visiting his demon-like malice on the defenseless widow of his victim.--Jacksonville Sentinel, July 24.
Sacramento Daily Union, July 31, 1858, page 1


    The Jacksonville, O.T., Herald  has been suspended.

Red Bluff Beacon,
August 4, 1858, page 2


    WHIPPING AN EDITOR.--Under this caption, the Jacksonville (O.T.) Herald contains a very amusing article--except to the person receiving the castigation--relating the editor's experience in not getting whipped. Monahan, the mail contractor, had taken umbrage at an article in the Herald. The following extract will elucidate the sequel:
    "Of the belligerent frame of mind in which Monahan was, we were not apprised; so, meeting him on the street, we saluted him, and he returned the salutation. Then did we demand of him the news, if peradventure we might gain an item. Whereto he replied that the news was naught, but that he desired to converse with us in relation to the article hereinbefore mentioned. So we stood upon the threshold of the New State Saloon, and while we talked together, he smote us a cowardly and treacherous blow upon the face, which did stun and confuse us much, but we did do battle against him until the bystanders did interfere, and so the fight was ended, and we did wash our face and go to dinner. But the same evening, as soon as it was dark, we procured a cowhide, and then we dispatched a trusty messenger, who should inform us of the whereabouts of our enemy. And when he had found him, he came to us, and he said: 'Behold thine enemy abideth fast in Clugage's stables, and there he talketh with a man.' So, without more ado, we called our friend, and we went straightway to the place which our messenger had told us of, and we smote our enemy full sore, and he cried out, and tried to run, and couldn't, and tried to fight, but dare not; so we chastised him grievously, and when we were satisfied, we left him. And he did grieve amain that he should be treated so in Jacksonville, being a stranger. All of which did occur on Tuesday last, which was the 20th day of the present month (July)."
Sacramento Daily Union, August 5, 1858, page 2


    Two prisoners broke from the jail at Jacksonville, O.T., last night, all that were in the jail at the time. They cut through the back part of the jail while the keepers were asleep in the front room.
"By Magnetic Telegraph," Daily Alta California, San Francisco, August 5, 1858, page 1


    We heard yesterday that very rich gold prospects have been found on Wards Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, which empties into that stream on the north side, between Sardine and Evans creeks. The bed of the creek prospects from three to twenty-five cents to the pan, and it is thought the banks will pay well. There is a sluice head of water in the creek. Three or four hundred yards of the bed is already claimed, and it is said the stream will afford room for two or three hundred miners. One man says he can make $8 a day with a rocker.

"Jacksonville," Sacramento Daily Union, August 5, 1858, page 3


    ITEMS FROM SOUTHERN OREGON.--On Friday, July 23rd, on the South Umpqua, Douglas County, James Weaver, aged about ten years, son of William Weaver, while assisting Thomas Whitted to hold a Cayuse horse, became entangled in the rope; the horse jerked Whitted down, broke loose and ran at full speed for nearly a mile with young Weaver, bruising and mangling him horribly. When his parents and friends reached him he was just breathing his last.
    Edwin Powers, July 10th, attempted to cross the Willamette River, two miles above Springfield, in a boat, with his wife and child, when the boat was carried against a snag and capsized, and his wife and child were drowned.
    We heard yesterday that very rich gold prospects have been found on Wards' Creek, a tributary of Rogue River, which empties into that stream, on the north side, between Sardine and Evans' Creeks. The bed of the creek prospects from three to twenty-five cents to the pan, and it is thought the banks will pay well. There is a sluice head of water in the creek. Three or four hundred yards of the bed is already claimed, and it is said the stream will afford room for two or three hundred miners. One man says he can make $8 a day with a rocker.--Jacksonville Sentinel, July 31st.
Daily Alta California, San Francisco, August 8, 1858, page 1


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--The Sentinel, of August 7th, has several items of interest, including one congratulating its readers upon soon being able, by the Western telegraph, to furnish news to Northern Oregon:
    The telegraph, being completed to Yreka, warrants us in believing that it will be continued to Jacksonville within the next twelve months. When this is done, then it will be that the south of Oregon will occupy the position of not only producing supplies for the people, but furnish the news to all Northern Oregon.
    We understand that the Applegate and Sterling Ditch Company have completed the survey, and the whole length of the ditch to where the water can be used is about twenty-six miles, and the estimated cost $20,000.
    Cañon Creek is reported as doing well. News from Galice and Sucker creeks speak well of those places. The bars on Illinois River are being worked to better advantage this summer than usual; we have not heard a single miner working on it complain of poor pay. Josephine Creek is said, by the oldest miners on it, to pay as well this as any other year, though it has been worked seven years.
    Five prisoners confined in the jail of this county succeeded in working their way through the stone wall--some three feet thick--and made their escape on the night of the 2nd of August, viz.: John McGuire, an Irishman, committed for an assault with intent to kill; James Stevens, committed for larceny; John Smith, committed for burglary; Asbury Smith, committed for larceny; Thomas Greenwood, committed for an assault with an intent to kill.
    The cañon, which has always been the "Alps" between Northern and Southern Oregon, is now being improved, and great hopes are entertained of the "sunny South" having an opportunity of sending some of her superfine flour and other supplies so much needed to our northern neighbors and fellow citizens.
    The Grave Creek Hills, heretofore so annoying to travelers, have nearly disappeared under the superintendence of Thomas Elliff.
Sacramento Daily Union, August 14, 1858, page 1


    NEWSPAPORIAL.--The publication of the Jacksonville Herald was suspended with the close of its first volume, for want of patronage. We regret its loss from the Democratic column. Mr. Beggs, its editor, is a young man, and with but a brief experience as a journalist he has given evidence of good editorial talent in the conduct of the Herald, which we think practice will render useful in the business he has chosen.
    Mr. H. H. Brown, member of the last Oregon legislature, from Jackson County, has taken the editorial charge of the Yreka (Cal.) Union. He is a good writer, a "rock bottom" Democrat, and we predict that the Union, under his conduct, will be a good paper.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, August 7, 1858, page 2


    The body of a man, since recognized as that of Frederick Vekelman, a German, carpenter by trade, lately from Jacksonville, Oregon, who had been in the German Hospital for treatment of a broken leg, was found yesterday on a mud island in Mission Creek, near the Brannan Street bridge. Deceased was shot through the brain, the wound evidently being made by a pistol, although no weapon was found. The coroner's jury returned a verdict of death from a pistol ball, but by whom fired do not say. The man had ten ounces of gold dust when leaving the hospital, but only about four dollars in coin was found on the body, which makes it probable that he was murdered.
"By the State Line," Sacramento Daily Union, August 17, 1858, page 2


    ITEMS FROM JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--A correspondent writing the Bulletin from Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, on 5th August, says:
    Large numbers of men and pack animals continue to pass here daily for Fraser River.
    The crops of wheat in Rogue River Valley are good.
    Thomas & Co. have graded the Siskiyou Mountain road so completely that it can now be traveled between Jacksonville and Yreka at all seasons of the year with heavy loads.
    Government is expending $30,000 on the Cañon between Jacksonville and Scottsburg. When completed, this will make a good stage road to Portland. The work is expected to be finished by October.
San Francisco Bulletin, August 19, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--The Sentinel, of Aug. 14th, records the following:
    The superintendent of the work on the road through the cañon wants fifty laborers to work on the road, and will pay the highest cash price for labor.
    Sheriff Duncan, on Friday of last week, succeeded in taking John Smith, one of the prisoners who escaped from the jail of the county recently. He was found on the north side of Rogue River, some twelve or fifteen miles from town. Nothing has been heard of the other four who escaped at the same time.
Sacramento Daily Union, August 20, 1858, page 5


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We have intelligence from this locality to August 21st. The Sentinel says:
    We learn that the government has refused to furnish supplies to the Indians on the reservation. The result of this will not be hard to tell, for the Indians cannot subsist without stealing, and the settler will most certainly punish him for the theft; the consequence will be war. Then it will be said by the very gentlemen who refused to vote supplies for the Indians that the reckless and depraved Oregonians brought on the war through peculative designs.
    The road from Crescent City is jammed with returning emigrants, and of that class, as a general thing, that will "pitch" into the mines on Althouse, Sucker, Cañon, Sailor Diggings and Galice Creek, and make their pile. In fact, we heard old miners, who have been on Althouse since 1852, say that at no time have the mines on that creek paid better than at the present.
    The road from this place to Kerbyville, a distance of fifty miles, has been made, down Applegate, one of the best stage roads in the country.
Sacramento Daily Union, August 27, 1858, page 4


DIED.
    At Jacksonville, O.T., July 12, D. B. Brenan, Esq., formerly of Ohio.
New York Times, August 28, 1858, page 2


    At Rogue River, during the early part of last week, a portion of that valley was visited by a terrific hailstorm, which continued for nearly two hours, and in some places it fell to the depth of six inches. It was, however, quite limited in extent, not exceeding ten or fifteen miles of country. It did not reach Jacksonville, but the latter place was visited by a light shower of rain at the same time.
"Yreka," Sacramento Daily Union, August 30, 1858, page 2


Letter from Rogue River.
Jacksonville, O.T., Aug. 20th, 1858.
    Editor Statesman!--Sir: Since I last wrote to you, nothing has occurred here worthy of much note. Dullness predominates in every department of our "Sunny South." A stranger who should come within our borders would almost imagine he had entered the confines of the "Silent Land," so deathlike is the stillness that pervades everywhere. Our people are now indulging in their usual summer nap, which extends throughout those months when the "dog star rages," and which is only interrupted by an occasional half-waking visit to the bar of the "El Dorado" or the "New State" (not Oregon, but the other new state) in search of "suthin' cold." A "thorough awakening" need not be expected until the winter rains set in--the camp meeting to the contrary notwithstanding.
    The prisoners confined in our jail--five in number--took advantage of the somnolency (which, by the way, I am inclined to think is constitutional) of the jailer to make their escape on the night of the 2nd instant. They effected their exit from durance vile by means of a broom handle, with which they made a breach in the wall three times larger than was necessary for their purpose, the jailer, in the meanwhile, sleeping calmly in an adjoining room, undisturbed by the sound of the falling rocks and mortar. One of the fugitives was arrested a day or two afterwards, on Evans Creek, about twenty miles from town. The other four are probably wending their way to Fraser River, where they will perhaps find exercise for their skill in digging.
    Speaking of Fraser River reminds me that many persons who went there from this neighborhood are returning. They are satisfied to remain and work in our mines. Hundreds of persons who went from California are also returning by way of Crescent City, many of whom will stop in the mines of Jackson and Josephine counties during the winter. Our mines are far from being worked out, and new discoveries are being made of rich deposits of gold. On Wards Creek, about sixteen miles from Jacksonville, diggings have lately been struck which will pay all the way from five dollars to an ounce per day to the man. The "hill country round about" Jacksonville is full of the precious metal, but there is a want of water to work it.
    Our citizens feel much flattered by the marked compliment paid them by the state legislature in the selection of a worthy and distinguished member from our county to fill the chair of Speaker of the House. The compliment is the more appreciated as it was entirely unexpected. [W. G. T'Vault was elected Speaker for a brief special session in July 1858.]
    Some interest was caused by the appearance of the Statesman, containing the Washington correspondence signed "Metropolis," as also by private letters received here by last mail.
SOUTH.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, September 7, 1858, page 2


    FUGITIVE ARRESTED.--On Friday night last Sheriff Connoyer arrested Thomas Greenwood, one of the prisoners who escaped from the jail at Jacksonville on the night of the 2nd August last. Greenwood was stopping at the Marion House, in this place, under the assumed name of Lawrence Thompson. When arrested, he readily acknowledged his identity, but refused to give any clue to the whereabouts of the companions of his flight, two of whom are believed to have been here recently. Greenwood will be kept in custody here until sent for by the authorities of Jackson County.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, September 7, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find the following items in the Sentinel, of September 4th:
    One night last week, $2,600 in dust and coin was stolen from J. G. Babcock, of Sterling. Suspicion was attached to N. C. Crouch, of that place, who was arrested on Wednesday night, when he confessed the theft and gave up about $2,000 of the money. He was brought to town and examined before Justice Hayden, yesterday, and in default of $3,000 bail was committed to await his trial. On complaint of Crouch, Jesse Sherman was arrested as an accomplice, but was discharged, as there was no evidence of his complicity.
    It is reported that gold has been found in considerable quantities in the gulches this side of Eagle Mills. This country has not been prospected yet.
Sacramento Daily Union, September 10, 1858, page 1


    HAIL STORM IN THE NORTH.--The Yreka Union learns from Judge Smith, of Rogue River, that about two weeks ago a portion of that valley was visited by a terrific hail storm, which continued for nearly two hours, and that in some places it fell to the depth of six inches. It was, however, quite limited in extent, not exceeding ten or fifteen miles of country. It did not reach Jacksonville, but the latter was visited by a light shower of rain at the same time.
San Joaquin Republican, Stockton, California, September 11, 1858, page 1


    WASHINGTON, Sept. 17.--Major Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General, has by direction of the Secretary of War just issued an order saying the department to the Pacific is to be divided into two parts, to be called the Department of California, with the headquarters at San Francisco, and the other, northern, part to embrace the territories of Washington and Oregon excepting the Rogue River and Umpqua districts, which will be called the Department of Oregon, with the headquarters at Fort Vancouver. Brevet Brigadier General Clarke of the Sixth Infantry is assigned to the command of the Department of California.
"From Washington," Hartford Daily Courant, Hartford, Connecticut, September 18, 1858, page 3


Letter from the South.
Jacksonville, Sept. 4th, 1858.
    Editor Statesman--Sir: During the past two weeks the weather in these parts has continued very warm and dry, and business has been, as usual in the dry season, very dull. Our business men, of course, are complaining of hard times, the more so that divers of them have been arrested and mulcted in certain terms, "lawful currency," for violation of the Sunday law. I very much doubt the efficiency of the remedy applied in these cases. I am convinced that a large majority of those engaged in business here would prefer to close on the Sabbath, if an arrangement could be entered into, by the common consent of all, to that effect. But unless this can be done, the law will still be openly violated, although the public exchequer will be replenished. Some weeks ago a paper was circulated among the merchants, keepers of saloons and others, binding the subscribers to keep their places of business closed upon Sunday. It received quite a respectable number of signatures, and the Sunday morning next ensuing found the places of business closed, with the exception of a little place on Main Street, which was driving a brisk trade with the mining population. Of course this excited the envy of the others, and about eleven o'clock every store in town was opened, and business going on as usual. Since that, no further attempts at moral suasion have been made, and I understand that it is the intention of certain parties here to enforce the law, while others seem disposed to resist it. How it will terminate we shall see in time.
    On Monday, August 30th, a party of six left this place for the purpose of visiting Mount McLoughlin, which "rears its lofty form" to the east of us, in the Cascade Range. They returned a day or two since, and gave such a glorious account of their trip that I am almost tempted to raise a party and take a cruise in the mountains myself. I must say, however, that some of the yarns spun by the party on their return bordered a little--mind, just a little--on the marvelous. One story, in particular, was decidedly fishy. However, it may have been true--how should I know!
    A man named Crouch was arrested in Sterling a few days since, on a charge of stealing some two or three thousand dollars from Mr. S. G. Babcock. The money, or at least the greater portion of it, was found in his possession, and he was accordingly committed to jail to await his trial. A man named Sherman was also arrested as accessory to the theft, but there was no evidence against him, and he was discharged.
    Mining operations just now are limited, on account of the lack of water. It is reported in town that good prospects have been obtained on Bear River, in the neighborhood of Eagle Mills. Good strikes are also reported on Pleasant Creek, north of Rogue River.
    A new secret society has recently been introduced here, by a gentleman named Coon, from California. An "Ark" of the order was established here this week. What are the objects and purposes of the society I am not informed, further than that it purports to be a benevolent institution.
    No members will be present at the September session of the state legislature, from either this county or Josephine except Mr. T'Vault, and the opinion that such a session, under the circumstances, is useless and extravagant, appears to prevail pretty generally in the
SOUTH.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, September 21, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--We find in the Sentinel, of September 18th, the following intelligence:
    "We were shown a very beautiful specimen of gold from the right-hand fork of Jackson Creek, which was 'garroted' by Robinson Rock, a French matelot, weighing six ounces, and of a peculiar shape, being about seven inches in length and the shape of a figure 6, and valued at Mint prices at $105.   
   "We learn that Oliver Evans, of the Slate Creek House, Josephine County, has recently discovered a valuable salt spring near his residence. A few ounces of the salt, which was found crystallized about the spring, may be seen at this office. It appears to be strong and pure. We understand that Evans is preparing to manufacture salt in quantities, for sale. It is, no doubt, a valuable discovery.
    "On Tuesday, a miner's cabin on Grave Creek was entered, and $50 in cash and some other articles stolen. The prisoner has been taken back to Josephine County for trial. The thief is a stranger, and supposed to be a returned Fraserite."
Sacramento Daily Union, September 24, 1858, page 1



    On the Similkameen River, about 200 miles back, we lost two of our party who were killed by the Indians--John Gess from Jacksonville, Oregon, and Benjamin Reynolds, from Red Bluff. . . .
John Brady, "Letter from Fraser," Red Bluff Beacon, October 6, 1858, page 1



    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find in the Sentinel, of October 2nd, the following intelligence:
    "The Deputy Sheriff of Douglas County brought back and delivered to the Sheriff of Jackson County the escaped prisoner Greenwood, who had been arrested at Salem and made his escape and was again retaken by the Sheriff of Marion.
    "Several of our citizens returned from Fraser River this week. After months of privation, hardship, toil and danger, they return perfectly satisfied with the great Northern humbug. David McLaughlin's party had got through to Thompson River in thirty-seven days from the Dalles, and had prospected that river and Upper Fraser without finding paying diggings."
Sacramento Daily Union, October 9, 1858, page 3


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We find in the Sentinel, of Oct. 9, the following:
    "Mr. Wm. Deppel, a young man residing on Deer Creek, Josephine County, was seriously injured on Tuesday of last week, by the accidental discharge of a gun, while removing it from his berth, the ball taking off the lower part of the right arm, leaving many of the tendons bare.
    "Today the match race between 'Black Satin,' owned by James Clugage, and the 'Glass-Eyed Filly,' owned by James Lewis, came off over the Jacksonville Course, single dash of a mile, for $1,500 a side. At half-past four the drum was tapped. 'Black Satin' led off in fine style, and was the favorite till near the home stretch, when the 'Glass-Eyed Filly' passed him, and came to the home stand in 1:50, winning the race by thirty feet. A large amount of money and property changed hands--say not less than $10,000."
Sacramento Daily Union, October 20, 1858, page 1


    JACKSONVILLE SENTINEL.--This paper, published in Southern Oregon, has been for some time past edited by W. G. T'Vault, late Speaker of the Oregon Legislature. In the last number T'Vault announces that it will hereafter be edited by "Wm. J. Robinson, who is well known in this section of the country as a sound, reliable, pro-slavery Democrat. He has been in the Sentinel office nearly two years, and we hope he will meet the expectations of his numerous friends in conducting the columns of the Sentinel as editor; on account of other business, we will no longer act in that capacity." A pro-slavery Democrat we should think rather out of place in Oregon.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 21, 1858, page 2


    MILITARY ROAD.--The military road from Jacksonville (O.T.) to Scottsburg is now in excellent order, as we learn from the Jacksonville Sentinel, The Grave Creek Hills have been leveled, the cañon improved, and the whole road repaired so that heavy freighted wagons can pass with less difficulty than has heretofore been experienced.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 22, 1858, page 1


    "GONE NORTH.--W. J. Beggs, late editor of the Jacksonville Herald, has taken charge of the moral department of the Oregon Statesman. We learn that Bush will continue to run one or two smut columns to keep Dryer and Adams alive."
    The above paragraph, which we clip from the Yreka Union, will account to our readers for the improved moral tone of the Statesman during the absence of Mr. Bush to the north.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, October 26, 1858, page 2


    MATTERS IN JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--We find the following items of local intelligence in the Sentinel, of Oct. 23rd:
    On Monday last, Aaron Chambers, a citizen of this valley, who was returning from Crescent City with a wagon loaded with goods, while attempting to lock his wagon, the wheel run over his left foot, cutting off two of his middle toes and bruising the foot considerably.
    The races come off over the Jacksonville Course, on the 19th and 20th of November. There will be some good stock from California, also from Northern Oregon.
    First Day--Purse $250, entrance $126, sweepstakes; free for any Oregon or California-raised horse; single dash of a mile, weight for age, according to the rules of the Metairie Course, Louisiana.
    Second Day--Purse $150, entrance $75, sweepstakes; free for any Cayuse or Spanish horse; mile heats, best two in three; weight, 100 pounds.
    Some white men have been endeavoring to set fire to Chinese houses in Jacksonville.
    Large flocks of wild geese are wending their way to the southward, in search of a more genial clime. They may be said to be coming down from the north, not "white with fear," but black, and afraid a snowstorm will overtake them.
    Rain in sufficient quantities to soften the ground for plowing has fallen during the week. The farmers will be busy seeding for a month or six weeks.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 29, 1858, page 1


MARRIED.
    Near Eugene City, 30th ult., by Rev. R. Robe, Mr. John W. Rowe, of Jackson County, and Miss Margaret L. Ogle.
Oregon Statesman, Salem, November 16, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--The Sentinel, of Nov. 13th, chronicles the annexed intelligence:
    "There is a fine wagon road now from Eugene City to Scott's, with the exception of about ten miles, and this will soon be completed, when all the trade of the populous county of Lane will be concentrated at Scottsburg.
    "Some time since reference was made to the district of Oregon lying east of the Cascade Mountains, known as the Klamath Lake country, and the probability of its speedy settlement. That it is a fine, fertile and grazing country all who have visited it will admit. There is no doubt about its being the best stock raising country now within the limits of Oregon, and certainly will be settled at no distant day. It is important that there should be an Indian agency and military post located in that section of country, and that, too, in advance of the settlements.
    "We learn from J. M. Durban that himself and two others, Charles Lythus and Seth Hall, were attacked one day last week, near the mouth of Little Butte Creek, by a large grizzly bear. Durban was the only one who had a gun, and he fired at the bear, wounding him, but the bear continued to pursue them, and overtook Hall, and bit him severely on the back of the neck and on the calf of his leg, and then fell dead. On examination, it was found that the ball had gone through the lower portion of the heart of the bear, who ran afterwards over a hundred yards before he fell. The bear weighed over twelve hundred pounds; one of his feet measured thirteen inches in length. Hall, we learn, is recovering from his wounds."
Sacramento Daily Union, November 22, 1858, page 3


    RELIABLE DIGGINGS.--The Jacksonville (O.T.) Sentinel, of Nov. 13th, speaks of some diggings at Cañonville, in that vicinity, which it says are of a reliable character, or in other words, "no humbug, no Fraser excitement, no Indians to fight, nor mountains to climb." Its correspondent remarks:
    "You will no doubt have learned something of the rich gold diggings that have been recently discovered about twenty-five miles east of this place, north of the South Umpqua, on a small creek called by the miners Coffee Creek. I will give you, as far as I know, a description of the mines. Coffee Creek empties into the South Umpqua, about twenty miles above this place, and from its mouth up for a distance of about five or six miles, gold is found along the edge of the water and in the crevices of the bedrock. The first claim that has paid well is at the mouth of a small stream coming from the east. The claim is owned by Danforth, Cranmer & Co., and prospects from ten cents to one dollar to the pan--from two to four feet pay dirt; one large lump of gold had been taken out of this claim, and weighs about one hundred and six dollars. The second claim on the gulch or creek is owned by the Texas Company, and prospects from ten cents to one dollar to the pan, with about five feet pay dirt. Claim No. 3, owned by Mitchel & Brown, prospects about the same as Texas claim. Claim No. 4 is owned by Hibbart & Co., and prospects from ten cents to two dollars to the pan; several specimens have been found in this claim, the largest weighing nine dollars. Claim No. 5, Russell & Co., prospects from ten cents to one dollar to the pan, and about four feet of pay dirt. The next claim above Russell's is Pierce's, and prospects about like those below. There is no longer any doubt about the diggings being rich and extensive; the streams all head near the great quartz mountain, and the one now being prospected and worked is precisely similar to North Humbug, in Siskiyou County, Cal. Great preparations are being made; those having claims are building and preparing for winter. There is at this time about seventy-five miners all told, and all agree to the fact of the diggings being rich and extensive."
Sacramento Daily Union, November 24, 1858, page 4


    JACKSONVILLE (O.T.)--The Sentinel, of November 20th, referring to some diggings near the borders of California, remarks:
    "Sailor Diggings is still improving. Some half a dozen good buildings have been erected there this fall--among the most important is a large hotel. The mines are as they always have been--worked out--yet they fail not, but render gold for honest toil.
    "Althouse reports well. Rich diggings are daily discovered in the high hills bordering on either side of the creek. Miners no longer confine their operations to the narrow bed of the stream and the points of hills footing down to its water's edge, but pick and shovel are now wielded hundreds of feet above, on the steep declivities of the mountains.
    "Sucker Creek continues to unhoard its plenteous store to the persevering industry of the 'honest miners.'
    "Cañon Creek is doing to please 'the masses'; much larger yields are expected from its mines this season than any previous season has been witness to."
    Of matters in its own vicinity the same paper says:
    "We learn that some rich prospects have been struck by John Markley on this creek, about six miles from John O'Brian's, on Applegate. In one hole sunk, $110 was taken out, and in another $50--one solid piece weighing $31.50. The diggings are from ten to fourteen feet deep. There are surface diggings nearby which prospect from three to five cents, and are considered good eight-dollar diggings.
    "On the 30th, 'Billy Wood' and 'Cockarorum' run at the Dalles, for $1,000 a side, and made a draw race. Distance, two hundred and fifty yards. Nudd, just returned, informs us that a large amount of money was bet--say $6,000. The friends of 'Billy Wood' offered to run him again for $2,000 a side."
Sacramento Daily Union, December 2, 1858, page 1


TAKEN UP, by the subscriber, living on Butte Creek seventeen miles n.e. of Jacksonville, Jackson Co., one red line back cow, marked with underbit in each ear, and a crop off the right, branded on the left hip J.O.M. and a red, line back bull calf, no brands or marks, perceivable, one red, line back heifer, one year old last spring, no marks or brands perceivable, and one small red bull calf, the old cow and heifer, came to my premises the spring of 1857.
C. A. CHARLTON.
Nov. 7, 1858.
Oregon Statesman, December 7, 1858, page 3


    FROM SOUTHERN OREGON.--The Jacksonville Sentinel of the 4th has the following items:
    Our town has presented quite a lively appearance during the past week, a great number of strangers having arrived, many of them returning from Fraser River. The mines in Southern Oregon are yet comparatively new, and offer as good inducements to the enterprising miners as any on the Pacific coast.
    The news from the different localities in the mines is encouraging. The rain we have had has stimulated the miners, and they are preparing to go to work in right good earnest. We may expect soon to hear of some good strikes being made.
    A match race has been made between Snowy Butte and Grey John, for $600 a side, to come off at the Jacksonville course on Saturday next.
Weekly California Express, Marysville, December 11, 1858, page 3


    MINES NEAR JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--The Jacksonville Sentinel, of Dec. 4th, says:
    "We are informed that a large number of miners have taken claims at Willow Springs, about six miles from town, and are preparing to work during the winter. These mines have been worked but little since 1852. The diggings are good, but water has been scarce for the past few years. The prospect for water is favorable this winter."
Sacramento Daily Union, December 13, 1858, page 2


    JACKSONVILLE, O.T.--We notice in the Sentinel, of December 11th, the subjoined intelligence:
    "We are informed that the snow on the trail over the mountains between this place and Crescent City is about three feet deep.
    "The prospect at Sailor Diggings is more flattering than at any place in the country. There will be a great many men employed there this winter. The place is improving rapidly.
    "There is some excitement about new diggings which have been struck lately among the low hills near Colwell's bridge, on Sucker."

Sacramento Daily Union,
December 23, 1858, page 1



    The campaign opened in Jacksonville, April 15, 1858. At that time the mails from the states east of the Missouri and from California were brought into Oregon by the overland route from Sacramento to Jacksonville, and thence to the counties north, all the way to Portland, by weekly service, in one-horse conveyance or on horseback, except between Salem and Portland, in which a semi-weekly stage line or small river steamers of the Upper Willamette were employed as carriers, as time and occasion offered in point of expedition. Pack trains and freight wagons occasionally traveled the long route to the Umpqua and to Southern Oregon. I recall that as late as August, 1857, Colonel John D. Fry and myself made the first journey from Salem to Rogue River that had ever been traveled in a top buggy, and in stopping at roadside hospitable farm houses of nights--there were no hotels or taverns--the trouble was to prevent the children of the household from climbing in the buggy and working open and shut the lifting and closing top.

*    *    *
    About noon of the fourth day from Eugene we reached Jacksonville. The meeting, or speaking, as the term was common, was appointed for that afternoon at 2 o'clock, in a beautiful grove on the outskirts of the town, outdoors. Seats were not provided. Audience and candidates could either stand, squat or move around. A large number gathered. Jacksonville was unlike the towns of the Willamette. It depended mainly upon its adjacent gold diggings for business and support. Along Bear Creek, in Rogue River Valley, and in other portions of the county, lands were of uncommon fertility. Farms and vegetable patches produced enough to supply the miners, and the merchants of Jacksonville were the middlemen of this easy traffic. Gold was plenty, prices ruled high. Few practiced frugality. Extravagance was the rule, and Jacksonville was as a mining camp of California. The inhabitants did not include themselves in the Territory of Oregon. It was the common phrase of any departing on a trip to the Willamette region, "I am going down to Oregon." The singularity was that the Willamette was far north--so that to go north was to go down.
*    *    *
    At the opening meeting of the campaign, in Jacksonville, Lafayette Grover made the starting speech. It was plausible, self-laudatory, with bare reference to his colleagues upon the ticket, an hour long and of feeble effect. Colonel Kelly followed in a speech adapted to the occasion, directed to the political issues of the contest. next followed Delazon Smith, the admitted orator of the party, skilled in declamation, of stentorian voice, conscious of his power of speech, and by no means careful of either his utterance or his logic, his harangue was mainly directed at the "Little California Adventurer" [O'Meara] who was a candidate for state printer upon the national [Democratic] ticket. The object of Smith's ungenerous speech followed Delazon, and was not long in appreciating that the sympathies and favor of the people of Jackson County were with the nationals, and that their antipathy to the clique party and its candidates was very apparent. H. Rush, not withstanding he had been active in politics for years in Oregon, made his maiden speech before a large audience on that occasion. He was a shrewd party manager; he did not aspire to campaign declamation. His forte was in council and not on the stump. Heath barely announced his own candidacy. Whiteaker patiently sat and comfortably smoked his solacing pipe. None could make issue or be offended with his remarks. The meeting ended with sharp exchanges between Smith and the national candidate for state printer in which neither of them were discreet. At the subsequent meetings the two found it more judicious to preserve their tempers and better regulate their speeches. Still, their occasional sharp hits at each other were as nuts to some of their hearers. It is in the nature of a multitude to cheer the remarks against another which, if made in relation to themselves, would violently enrage and provoke a fight.
    In Jacksonville at that time were two weekly newspapers--the Sentinel, of William G. T'Vault, and the Herald, of William J. Boggs. T'Vault was an early pioneer of Oregon from Arkansas. He was editor of the Oregon Spectator in 1847, and founded the Sentinel, the first newspaper in Southern Oregon, at Jacksonville. He was aged, crafty and crooked in his walks and ways. Boggs was the son of a clergyman, young, bright, flippant and incurably vicious. The Sentinel favored the nationals. The Herald took sides vehemently with the clique party. Boggs' fierce antagonism to T'Vault for the assembly resulted in his election to the first state legislature. At the Jacksonville meeting I had opportunity to learn of Delazon Smith's extraordinary faculty of memorizing. At Quincey [sic] Twogood's I found two or three copies of a Boston paper, which was Edward Everett's polished eulogy of Daniel Webster. Delazon had stopped at Quincey's two days before and taken away a copy of the same paper. At Jacksonville he was invited to deliver an evening address. He announced as his subject "An Oration on Daniel Webster." I listened throughout his remarkable oration, delivered without notes or pause. It was the precise language of Everett, from beginning to end. The incident was to me in explanation of the nickname given to him of "Delusion," by which he was commonly known in Oregon. Delazon was nevertheless a really very able campaign speaker. In 1860 he encountered Colonel E. D. Baker in the state campaign, and that great orator bore willing testimony to Smith's ability and eloquence.
James O'Meara, "Our Pioneer History," Oregonian, Portland, November 9, 1890, page 16





Last revised November 11, 2017