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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Gore-Ish Notes

The Gore and Ish families played a prominent part in early Medford and in the development of the area long before Medford was thought of. Also see the page on the Gore Stockade.

Gore House, circa 1890
The Gore house circa 1890, site of today's Southern Oregon Nursery on South Pacific Highway.

    Transcribed from handwritten notes by Walter Scott Gore, date unknown.  Original is in the possession of Marty Mielen Monroe--great-great- granddaughter of Walter.  Bracketed notes in this document are by Monroe. Walter wrote the notes for his daughters Edna and Mary Gore.  Edna passed them to her son Fred Mielen, who passed them to Marty.
    Walter's father was Elijah Emerson Gore (often called Emerson), and his mother was Mary Elizabeth Gilmore. Elijah's twin brother (Walter's uncle) was Emory Gore.  Walter was born within 3 months of the train's arrival in Oregon, so Mary Elizabeth was pregnant during their 6 months of travels.
    Robert Gilmore and his brother immigrated from North Ireland; with their two sisters, who were not permitted to leave the country but whom the brothers succeeded in getting on board the vessel as stowaways until well out to sea; were of Scotch-Irish descent and Scottish Covenanters in religious belief, fleeing from persecution to gain religious liberty in the new world, settled in Mercer County, Pa. Mary Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Robert Gilmore, was born on the farm located by her father who soon after her birth passed away, leaving her widowed mother with the care of the family. After passing through many dangers and trials incident to frontier life among the Indians her mother passed away. Later she, with some relatives, likely her brother, decided to come west and came to Iowa where she met and married a noble young Christian man by the name of Rose, when Mary was 17 years of age. Her association with this man must have been very helpful in giving direction to her future Christian life although she had been quite a student of the Word, had read the Bible in its entirety before she was 7 years of age. He passed away within a year or so after marriage in June 1844 [Other family records indicate marriage date of 10/02/1844.], her little boy Louis Albert Rose was born. After this she devoted her time to teaching for a livelihood (this may have had some influence in the decision of six of her children and a number of her grandchildren adopting the profession). And later attended school in Charlestown, Iowa, where she met Emerson Elijah Gore who was born in Halifax, Vermont, whose ancestors came from England at an early date and who like the Gilmores came to secure religious freedom. They were later married and December 6, 1850, Annetta Jane was born.
    The gold excitement in California attracted the attention of many towards the West. The great rush was for gold, but the government's offer of donation claims to all who would cross the plains and locate them, induced many to come west for homes and thus save the Oregon country to the U.S. In some way Father and Mother heard of Rogue River Valley, and a train was formed which they joined and one day the last of March or first of April 1852 they said a tearful goodbye to friends and relatives assembled to see them off, and the long line of covered wagons were on their way where those en route knew that six months of hardships awaited them.
    As the train moved up the Platte River day after day, camping on the plain where there was no timber they became quite accustomed to using dry buffalo chips for fuel which was a very good substitute. Albert Rose [Walter's older stepbrother], who was then a robust boy of 8 or 9 years, would ramble away and Mother feared he would be lost, especially when men were hunting; they needed to watch him closely. One evening Mother gave her consent to his going with Mr. Gates, a large, husky partner of Father and Uncle Emory, who said he would take good care of him, and while they were out some miles from camp they came upon some Indians, the chief of whom wanted the boy. Gates remonstrated but the Indian grabbed the lad and tried to make off with him, but Gates, being strong and active jerked the boy away and presented his gun, and thus succeeded in getting him back to camp unharmed, after which he was always satisfied to stay around camp.
    At one time as the train camped near the Platte River they spent many days along that river. During one night the Indians tried to stampede the stock. All the men were up and out at the signal and prevented the stampede. As Father ran through the darkness he jumped over an Indian lying in the grass. At another time, Mother and the two children were in the wagon, the cattle ran away from the men and toward the bluff overlooking the Platte. As they neared the bluff, Mother stood up in the front of the covered wagon and with all the commanding tone she could put into her voice said "Whoa, Buck," who sat back and stopped the team from going over.
    At one time they saw a great herd of buffalo moving down upon them. The plain seemed to be literally covered, a moving mass of buffalo. It took some time for the herd to pass, and it must have been very exciting. Buffaloes passed between each wagon and the team behind but I heard of no accident resulting. The herd passed on and the train was left to keep its course unmolested.
    As the train moved up the Platte it became necessary to ford the stream which was known to be dangerous. Horsemen tested the ford and found it good. The wagons chuckled [trundled?] over it as though it were gravel, and being rather late in the evening when the last wagon had crossed, a train following decided to wait until morning to cross. By morning the ford was washed out; so they had to find a new ford. This exhibits a peculiar characteristic of the Platte River, quicksand beds which often caused it to quickly change its calmness.
    At Fort Bridger after cresting the summit of the Rocky Mountains a gent endeavored to persuade them to go to California instead of Oregon, but they held firmly to their purpose of going to Rogue River Valley, Oregon, so the train moved on just north of Salt Lake and Humboldt Basin traveling directly west and rounding the south end of Goose Lake where they camped. During the night the Indians stampeded the cattle, mules and the horses that were not kept up for emergency use. At daybreak all but the old men, women and children followed the stock into the hills. The Indians set fire to the grass across the lake. Mother said they feared they would come round the lake and attack the train while it was in such a helpless condition, but they did not. The Indians had driven the stock until they thought themselves safe from attack and killed a mule and were having a barbecue and were surprised and fled, leaving everything behind them, putting all on the fire. The train men took the stock and returned to camp with only the loss of the mule and a calf that had been shot with an arrow which they had to kill.
    The train then continued west through Drews Valley to Lost River where they crossed on the natural bridge long since sunk below the water level and unused. Continued a westerly course through the Klamath Valley south of Lower Klamath Lake and forded the Klamath River just above the point where the river enters the canyon at the west exit from the lower Klamath basin. From this point they passed over the summit of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and down over a gently sloping high plateau to Kern Creek, where they cut down small trees and chained them to the wagons to get down the bluff to the creek. This completed, they pulled but a short distance and up a grassy glade to the summit of the Green Spring Mountain Pass. From this pass they had their first view of their long-sought future home, Rogue River Valley. They rejoiced together as they assembled on the summit for a partial view of the valley, though their journey was not yet complete. They had a rough, rugged mountain to descend before entering the beautiful valley but these obstacles were soon overcome and the train rested September 17, 1852 on the bosom of the grass-clad valley nestled in and surrounded by the Siskiyou Mountains.
    I don't know when the donation claim was staked.
    When the train entered Rogue River Valley Mr. Leever, who was captain, had the train camp just above or east of Wagner Creek, September [blank space, as if he intended to fill in a date] for a short rest. One of the Wagner brothers had a cabin on Wagner Creek. The train then moved on down the valley to a point on Bear Creek where they met Samuel Colver and family, his wife Hulda and two children Laurie and Isabel, who had previously located a claim and built a fort of hewn logs which now stands on the Pacific Highway in Phoenix, Oregon. Moved on down the valley and camped on Bear Creek on a point always called Central Point, where the captain purchased a donation claim that had already been located. From this camp the train dispersed, each family seeking to locate a claim, which then was difficult, as all the best land was claimed.
    Father Emerson E. and his twin brother Emory E. Gore, being unable to locate suitable claims in the main valley, were told there was good land on Dry Creek beyond Lookout Mountain [Roxy Ann?] to the east of the main valley; so they and a friend took their rifles, which was always customary in those days. The Indians of Rogue River Valley were not troublesome, only when mistreated by the whites, and crossed the mountain between Lookout and Bald Mountain [Mt. McLoughlin?] onto Dry Creek, meeting and walking up the creek some distance with an Indian and giving him to understand they had just entered the upper end of the valley the day that a battle took place at the lower end, where many Indians were driven and thrown off the Table Rocks, and the balance of the Indians men women and children fled over the desert and up Dry Creek for safety.
    Father and his companions crossed the creek while their late acquaintance the Indian went on up the stream. Having crossed the creek one of the men fired at a flock of quail. The slope of the hill was covered with bunches of scrub oak, and at the firing of the gun Indians seemed to jump from behind every bush. Very quickly they were surrounded with warriors, bows and arrows in hand, ready for action. The situation looked desperate. But just then a voice was heard and the chief called a halt until the runner came up and had evidently reported that these men had not been in the battle. Then Chief Sam of the Rogue Rivers, as he afterwards proved to be, told the intruders to go back across the creek, which invitation they very thankfully accepted. After this episode they sought no more land on Dry Creek. Returning to camp they moved to Jacksonville, where Father and, I suppose, Uncle Emory set up a turning lathe and did at least considerable work in that line.
    They may have camped on what later became Father and Mother's donation claim on their first trip down the valley, but I think it was after the above experience they discovered and staked the claims.
    I know nothing about the turning of the balls for the game of tenpins.
    Whether Father rented a house or built I only know from record that I was born December 3, 1852 in a house on the opposite corner of the same block on which the Methodist Church was afterwards built, for which Father and Uncle Emory furnished the lumber from the sawmill they built on the old donation claim. When the double log house was built, two log houses each sixteen feet square and an open space sixteen feet square between and covered by one roof [omission?] of logs set on end in the trench, I can give no date.
    When I was six months old the family moved from Jacksonville to the farm. Whether the trench was then dug I cannot say. The stockade was finished and used by settlers for miles around at times of Indian excitement. For example at one time a band of Indians came up the north bank of Rogue River killing the scattered settlers. Word came that they were crossing the river. Just at break of day next morning there was pistol firing near where Medford now stands which could be plainly heard for some miles across the valley. People hearing the shots jumped from their beds and rushed for the stockade for safety. A deputation went to investigate into the cause of the excitement and found that a couple of men on horseback had discovered a bear out in the prairie grass near the Wright Grove, now the Hill Grove, and were giving chase. Then the people went leisurely to their homes rejoicing that it was only an Indian scare.
    No booths that I heard of, as I understand the situation each family had their own cabin on their claim, as for instance Uncle Sam Van Dyke whose claim joined Father's had his own log cabin. I think the Indians never interfered with them unless it were as beggars or for turnip, rutabagas--they never to my knowledge stole them, but asked for them. I think the greatest value of the stockade in Rogue River was to induce a feeling of security. But the greatest source of security was in treating the Indians fairly. The Rogue Rivers were not wantonly savages, there were isolated cases in which it might seem they were, but in most cases it was a result of harshness on the part of the settlers. On Father's claim in a bend of Bear Creek was one camp of Chief Sam of whom I have already spoken, under the shade of the great spreading red oak trees just across from our home. There he and his people spent much time. One morning the chief came over and told my mother that his boy was going to die, very sick. In sympathy for a sick boy she went with Sam, entered the tepee and there found not a boy but a grown man, who was as Sam had said very sick. He was starving. They could prepare no food that he could assimilate. She prepared food that was suitable, gave him medicine, visited him two or three times daily for a time, and one day the chief came to express his gratitude saying that his boy was well and also saying to Father "She has a good heart." And when the war of 1854-55 broke out they killed a man who had always treated them harshly, then took up their luggage, went past Father's home, took the trail over Jacksonville hill, and the war was on. While they might have easily waylaid our people who were working near the creek, they passed them by.
    When located in the Rogue River Valley there came a starving time when provisions were very low and our folks lived for six weeks on beef without salt. The cattle were in fine pasture. Buck was the fattest of them, so he was slaughtered for beef, and Mother said he had saved her life twice. Incidentally, the first salt they were able to procure was $1 an ounce. At one time Father paid $7 for a squash.
    I have never learned of the death of a child in the stockade though there might have been such an occurrence. Will's memory is far better than mine, but I think there was never any occasion demanding such care. [Will was Walter's younger brother by 8 years.]  For as far as I know there was never a time in our part of the valley when men couldn't work in the field with reasonable safety so far as Indians [are] concerned.
    Mother did tell me that she sometimes had some fear that the Indian women might try to steal her black-haired, black-eyed baby boy. They said that he would be a good papoose (Indian baby).
    I don't know when the Burns house was built. Neither can I say where the lumber that went into it was gotten. It is quite supposable that it came from Father and Uncle Emory's mill. I have not the exact date but I conclude that Father bought the forty-acre lot of which the Burns house was built in 1858 and had the house remodeled by A. D. Helman, who was for many years a resident of Ashland, Oregon, in memory of whom the Helman Springs took their name. I conclude that Ida was the first of Father's farm-born, in the old home dwelling. [Ida was Walter's younger sister, who later married William Jacks, who was the brother of Carolita Jacks who was Walter's wife. William and Carolita were the stepchildren of Moses A. Williams, long-time minister in the Rogue River area.] Will, I think was born there in 1860.
    I don't know the date of the building of the sawmill. I think Father and Uncle Emory went about building the sawmill as soon as fairly settled in their new home. The family moved out to the claim when I was six months old, so 1853 was more than half gone before they had been fairly settled, thus the mill must not have been ready for use before late 1854. They sold lumber all over the valley. The great flood of December 1861 washed much of the mill and the logs away and so changed the creek channel that the mill was never rebuilt. [Twin brother Emory got out at the right time; he sold his half of the mill to Emerson in May 1860.]
    I am quite confident that Uncle Sam Van Dyke had gotten the lumber for his home at the mill when they built and moved out of the log cabin.
    Why I should have lived so many years with those who could have described minutely many occurrences that to us now are of deep interest, I cannot say, unless being pioneers ourselves these were then commonplace until those who could give accurate information have passed away. For this I am very sorry. The foregoing may not be very satisfactory, nor would anything short of the clear-cut facts; but this is the best that I can do.
    I am fully in sympathy with your wish to mark the pioneer home of where with Father and Mother we all spent the pioneer years of our early childhood.
Document forwarded by Jeannette Mullane. Italicized comments are mine.


    THE GORE PLOW.--We have been permitted to examine the model of the gang plow, invented by [Emerson] E. Gore, of this county, and must express the opinion that this plow, for durability, easy manipulation and excellence of work, must supersede nearly every other gang in use. The plow is managed by four levers which depress or elevate the share at heel or point, or both, raise the gangs from the ground, or give them such a deflection as is necessary in plowing on "sideling" ground. The levers are of such power that they may easily be worked by a boy of twelve, and indeed any youth could manipulate this plow with facility. There are no complications, and nothing about it but could be mended by any smith in case of breakage. We are unable to present all the points of advantage of this splendid invention, but they will be at once apparent to agriculturists. Mr. Gore is assured that a patent is certain and has filed his caveat and sent forward the model. The credit of manufacturing this miniature plow is due to Mr. John Miller, and we venture say that there are few pieces of workmanship in the Patent Office that will excel it. If Mr. Gore procures a patent, of which there is no doubt, he has a fortune in store for him.
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 10, 1869, page 2


    Richard Ish has been compelled to give up his service on the mail route from Jacksonville to Crescent city, on account of his stock being attached for debt. J. W. Manning and "Curly" Webb are now owners of the route.
"Local Brevities," Ashland Tidings, December 13, 1878, page 3

Emerson Elijah Gore and Mary Elizabeth Gilmore Gore
Emerson Elijah Gore and Mary Elizabeth Gilmore Gore, circa 1890, in a detail of the above photo.
The younger people are unidentified.


    Emerson E. Gore, born in Windham, Vermont, and emigrated from Lee County, Iowa, to Oregon and arrived in Rogue River Valley Sept. 22, 1852. Engaged in farming.

"Southern Oregon Pioneers," Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, July 8, 1882, page 3

   
    John Hockenjos has just completed a fine new barn for Mrs. Ish, one of the finest in the valley.

"Brevities," Ashland Tidings, November 16, 1883, page 3


Another Pioneer Gone.
    A Boise City (Idaho) dispatch of the 14th days: "All old-time miners will remember George H. Ish, who died here today, aged 78 years. He came to California from Virginia in 1849, and along in the fifties removed to Jacksonville, Or., near where in 1860 he discovered what was known as the great Ish lead. He found a big deposit of gold-bearing quartz and after taking out thousands of dollars worth of precious metal formed a stock company for the purpose of working the mine. The company put up a fine quartz mill, Ish spending all he had. The company never realized enough to pay for the mill, for the lead was not a mine at all, but merely a pocket. Ish was disappointed, and he left Oregon for Idaho. He went into the butchering business, then started a dairy and died quite wealthy."
    There is one discrepancy in the above statement, where it refers to the quartz discovery on Gold Hill. Jimmy Hay [James Willis Hay], and not Mr. Ish, found that immensely rich pocket, although Mr. Ish was one of the number who afterward became owners of it.
Democratic Times, January 22, 1892, page 3


    Mrs. S. E. Ish and Mrs. Sophie Gore of Portland tarried awhile in Jacksonville yesterday.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 19, 1892, page 3


    Mrs. S. E. Ish and Mrs. W. H. Gore were visiting Ashland and Colestin this week and had intended remaining a week at the last-named resort, but Mr. Cole's hotel is full.
"Personal and Social," Valley Record, Ashland, August 18, 1892, page 3


    Milton Maule last week returned from Mrs. Ish's place, where he has been doing a large amount of painting during the last few weeks.

"Medford Squibs," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 16, 1893, page 2


    E. W. Starr, who has been employed out at Mrs. Ish's big farm for the past few weeks in repairing her granary, reports that this lady will commence her wheat harvest today. She has four hundred acres to cut and estimates the average yield at twenty-five bushels per acre.

"All the Local News," Medford Mail, July 28, 1893, page 3

Emerson Elijah Gore
Emerson Elijah Gore

    Rufus Cox, the rustler, threshed 2700 bushels of wheat for Mrs. Ish, near Medford, last Saturday. He reports that that lady will have about 9000 bushels.
"Central Point Items," Medford Mail, August 25, 1893, page 2


    There is being a whole lot of very swift threshing done in this locality this season. R. Cox comes to the front and announces, with becoming pride, that his machine rolled out 9000 bushels of grain for Mrs. Ish in just three and one-half days. There were 810 bushels and wheat and 900 bushels of barley.

"All the Local News," Medford Mail, August 25, 1893, page 3


    J. Nunan last week received a lot of the finest bacon we have seen this season, from the Ish ranch.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 22, 1893, page 3


    Mrs. S. E. Ish, who platted Ish's addition to Medford, has a number of choice lots for sale, as also farming land adjoining and near to Medford. Read her advertisement in another column of the Times.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 6, 1893, page 3


LAND FOR SALE.
    The undersigned has for sale town lots in Ish's addition to Medford, and also farming land adjoining and near to Medford, Oregon. For further particulars address me at Jacksonville post office or call on me at my residence on the Jacksonville-Medford wagon road.
MRS. S. E. ISH.           
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 6, 1893, page 3


    Died--Mrs. J. G. Gore [sic], at the farm residence three miles south of Medford, Tuesday of this week of dropsy of the heart. Funeral occurred Wednesday. A more extended notice will appear next week.

"All the Local News," Medford Mail, October 20, 1893, page 3


    We are pained to announce the death of Mrs. E. Gore of Phoenix. Mrs. Gore was one of the pioneer women of southern Oregon.
"Here and There," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 20, 1893, page 3


In Memoriam.
    The following sketch may be interesting to the pioneers of Southern Oregon:
    In the recent death of Mrs. Mary E. Gore, the wife of Mr. E. E. Gore, of Phoenix, it is but just to record that the neighborhood has lost a noble friend, the church a wise and faithful worker, and the home a dearly beloved and trustworthy wife and mother.
    Mrs. Gore came from that sturdy, Scotch-Irish Presbyterian stock, from the north of Ireland, many of whom emigrated to this country in an early day. She was a direct descendant of the family of the Gilmours and Gibsons, who hewed out their homes in the forests of Pennsylvania, and who have been so honorably identified with the religious, educational and noble enterprises of this country in those states where they have lived. Her father, Robert Gilmour, located in Mercer County, Pa., in 1798, and when he had prepared a good home, he was married in May 1804 to Miss Nancy Smith, of Indiana County, Pa., who was also a descendant of Scotch-Irish parentage. Mrs. Gore was the youngest in a family of ten children, three sons and seven daughters, and was born Feb. 5, 1827. Her father died when she was but sixteen months old. In this Pennsylvania home she was reared and educated in the midst of a pious community and under the fostering care of the school and church. To the rural scenes and joyous experiences of her childhood home she delighted to refer. From early youth she was a lover of books and became a woman of more than ordinary ability and literary tastes. The one book, however, she prized above all others was the Bible. She was familiarly conversant with its doctrines and precepts, and loved to impart a knowledge of its precious truths to others. When nearly 18 years of age she was married to Lewis A. Rose, a man of whom she speaks of as being "eminently pious," and with whom she moved to Charleston, Iowa, where he died Sept. 20, 1846, leaving her with an infant son, who is now the present L. A. Rose, of Phoenix, Or. On Sept. 20, 1849 she was married to Mr. E. E. Gore, and with him crossed the plains, coming to this coast. They left Charleston, Iowa April 27, 1852, and arrived in the Rogue River Valley Sept. 27th of the same year. For a time their residence was in Jacksonville, Or., where Dec. 3, 1852, Walter S. Gore was born; he being the first white male child born in Jackson County.
    Mrs. Gore was the mother of ten children, five sons and five daughters, nine of whom are still living to mourn her death. She was a woman of strong and positive Christian character, and with a firm reliance upon Christ, she passed away Oct. 7, 1893. Her funeral was largely attended and took place Oct. 18th from the little church of Phoenix, of which she was a worthy member and where she loved to worship and teach in the Sabbath school. The services were of an appropriate character, and were conducted by the Rev. M. A. Williams, the aged pioneer Presbyterian minister of Southern Oregon, assisted by the present pastor of the church. The interment took place in the cemetery near the church.
    In heartfelt sympathy with the bereaved family and in the language of assured hope, we unite in saying, "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them."
Medford Mail, October 27, 1893, page 3
Democratic Times, October 27, 1893, page 2


    Mrs. S. E. Ish, who has the distinction of being the principal individual taxpayer in southern Oregon, made Jacksonville a visit a few days since.

"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 15, 1893, page 3


    Mrs. W. H. Gore of Portland, who is stopping at the Ish farm, visited Jacksonville on Saturday.

"Personal Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, January 1, 1894, page 3


Hay for Sale.
    I have baled and loose hay in quantities to suit the purchaser for sale at my farm on the Medford-Jacksonville road.
Mrs. S. E. Ish.           
    Jacksonville, Feb. 9, 1894.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, February 12, 1894, page 3


Will Build a 6000-Bushel Granary.
    Contractor E. W. Starr this week closed a contract with Mrs. Ish whereby he is to build for her a granary, 24x30 feet in size, which, when completed, will hold 6000 bushels of grain. The building will consume 25,000 feet of lumber in its construction. Work on the building will be commenced about May 1st.

"News of the City," Medford Mail, April 6, 1894, page 3


    Mrs. S. E. Ish's health is completely restored. The lady has been in poor health for the past ten or twelve years, but is right now feeling better than at any time during all these years. Dr. Jones was the attending physician.

"News of the City," Medford Mail, October 2, 1896, page 7


    Mrs. S. E. Ish has added a fine, large hay press to the great amount of machinery already being operated on her extensive farm.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 19, 1898, page 3


    The real property belonging to the estate of H. L. Ish, situated in Eagle Point precinct, was sold at sheriff's sale last Saturday. It was bid in by the judgment creditors, Beekman & Reames.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 22, 1898, page 3


REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.
    The following deeds have been recorded in the office of the county recorder since the last report of The Times:
E. E. Gore to John G. and Edw. E. Gore; the Gore home-place in Eden precinct . . . 1940.00
Excerpt, Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 6, 1899, page 2


REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.
    The following deeds have been recorded in the office of the county recorder since the last report of The Times:
Edw. E. Gore to John E. Gore; undivided one-half interest in west half of Gore dlc, etc. . . . 1350.00
John G. Gore to Edw. E. Gore; part of blk 19, Medford . . . 650.00
Excerpt, Democratic Times, Jacksonville, April 3, 1899, page 3


    Mrs. S. E. Ish last week received four carloads of lumber from the S.P.D.&L. Co. of Grants Pass, which will be used for building a barn 100x58 feet on her farm near Jacksonville.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, April 13, 1899, page 3


    County Clerk Newbury has granted marriage license to Geo. M. Wright and Maria M. Alfred; also to J. G. Gore and Robin L. Warner.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 28, 1899, page 3


    Last Friday forenoon fire broke out in the hay mow of one of the large barns on the Ish farm, and in a very short time the entire structure together with its contents were in ashes. The origin of the fire is a mystery, and no theory is advanced. The barn was 48x64 feet in size and was used for a horse stable and hay barn. There were about twenty tons of hay in the barn and four driving horses, but the horses were saved by Matt Ish rushing into the barn when the flames were waxing hot, loosening them and rushing them outside, and none too soon was he, as both himself and the last horse out were compelled to dash through the flames in making their exit. There was also some farm machinery in the building, and it was burned. The loss was about $900; insurance, $500. Other buildings stood within 120 feet of the structure that was burned, but there not being any wind these were saved. The Jacksonville fire company was sent for and arrived in time to afford protection to adjoining buildings. Mr. Gore, son-in-law of Mrs. Ish, informs us that the structure will be rebuilt this fall.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, July 27, 1900, page 7


    Will Gore will soon commence work on his new barn, on the Ish farm. The building will be 24x64 feet in size with a 16-foot shed the full length of two sides and one end. This, while itself a very large barn, is the smallest on the place. One other is 120 feet long, another 84 feet long, and to each are added numerous sheds.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, August 31, 1900, page 7


    Contractor L. F. Lozier will commence work next Monday on the construction work of Mrs. Ish's new barn, which replaces the one burned a few months ago.
"Additional Local Items," Medford Mail, September 7, 1900, page 6


    Chinaman Maun, cook at the Ish ranch, left Tuesday for his old home in the Flowery Kingdom. For thirty years he has held the position of cook and laundryman on the Ish farm. Maun was employed by Mr. Jacob Ish for ten years prior to his death, and since that time his widow, Mrs. S. E. Ish, and her son-in-law, Mr. Gore, have continued him in their service, making a term of twenty-six years of actual service on the one place and in the same family. His work was that of cooking, washing and caring for the chickens. He has been a most faithful servant, and during these years he has laid up a neat little sum of money, the amount of which no one knows. His pay has been $25 per month the year 'round. He expects to return to Oregon after a winter's visit in China.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, November 16, 1900, page 7


    Some few weeks ago Mr. Coss, of the Coss Piano House, Medford, sold a Kimball concert grand piano to W. H. Gore--conditioned that if it was not satisfactory it was to be exchanged for any other style desired. It proved very unsatisfactory, and last week Mr. Coss took it back and gave Mr. Gore a Chickering parlor grand in its stead.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, December 21, 1900, page 7


    Quite a number of the orchardists hereabouts have purchased gasoline engines with which to furnish power to operate their spraying pumps. The Olwell boys experimented with one last year and found it to be a great saving in labor and added proficiency to the service. The gentlemen who have made recent purchases are Messrs. Weeks & Orr., C. E. Stewart, Capt. G. Voorhies, J. A. Whitman, John Gore and Olwell Bros.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, February 15, 1901, page 7


    J. L. Wilson:--"I notice you have had an item or two on the immense crops of alfalfa which are being grown around here. Those items were all good, but you ought to see the crop that Will Gore is harvesting, out on the Ish farm. It is the second crop and the shocks are so close together that it seems almost impossible to drive a team between. No, it has had no water--only what Nature gave it--and that wasn't much this year. There are thousands of acres in the valley that are not now growing much of anything which will be good alfalfa land when that Fish Lake ditch puts water on it."

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, August 16, 1901, page 7


Death of Mrs. Malvina Gore Clayton.
From the Ashland Tidings.
    Mrs. Malvina Gore Clayton, after a lingering illness, died at her home, on Factory Street, Friday night, the 22nd last, aged forty-six years, five months and seventeen days. The deceased, who was a native of Jackson County, was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Gore, two of the earliest pioneers of Southern Oregon, and she was born on the old homestead near Phoenix, March 5, 1855. She received her education at the Ashland academy and the Oregon state university, and was married to N. H. Clayton July 22, 1886. Her husband and two children, Lawrence and Vera, are left to mourn the loss of a loving wife and kind and affectionate mother. The funeral services were held yesterday at the home of the deceased on Factory Street at 12 o'clock and being conducted by Rev. F. G. Strange and Wm. Clyde, after which the funeral cortege was formed and wended its way to Phoenix, where additional services were held in the Presbyterian Church at that place and the interment was made in the Phoenix cemetery.

Medford Mail,
August 30, 1901, page 2



    The pupils of Mrs. E. E. Gore's class in music gave a recital at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Wortman, which proved a delightful event. The lady is gaining an enviable reputation as teacher of the higher branches of her chosen profession.
"Medford Squibs," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, September 19, 1901, page 7


    The first prize for bulls given at the state fair was awarded John G. Gore of Phoenix precinct, who exhibited a magnificent specimen.
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 3, 1901, page 5


    Mrs. Ish has been making some needed improvements on the buildings on her Sticky farm. Charles Milligan, of Medford, is doing the work.

"Big Sticky Items," Medford Mail, November 22, 1901, page 3


    Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Gore are parents to a new girl baby, which came to their pleasant farm home on Friday, November 29th.
"Additional Local," Medford Mail, December 6, 1901, page 6


    Wanted--Middle-aged lady to take care of invalid lady. Address W. S. Gore, Medford.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, December 6, 1901, page 9


    E. E. Gore, salesman for Warner & Wortman, is a genius as a window decorator. In one of the store windows of the above-named firm he recently manufactured, out of canned goods, a miniature representation of a battleship, and with rock salt spread about the ship a good representation of cashing ocean waves was made. In the other window with cakes of soap he made a miniature representation of the big double front of the Warner & Wortman grocery establishment. No ground is left for doubt that Ed is an artist.

"City Happenings,"
Medford Mail, January 31, 1902, page 7


    Mrs. E. E. Gore is planning to give another of her popular recitals. The lady has nearly fifty pupils, and when a recital is given it is an occasion that is not lost sight of by music lovers and those favored with invitations. The exact date is not yet fixed.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, February 14, 1902, page 7


    About April first Mrs. Gore will open a juvenile class in music into which young children who have not yet begun to take lessons, will be received. The elements of music are considered difficult for little folks, but they can be taught in classes, by using games and proper illustrative material, at an earlier age in a more interesting manner and with less expense than they can be taught alone. The aim will be to give such preparatory instructions in musical notation, natural use of the fingers, varieties of touch, car training and singing as shall lead to rapid advancement when regular lessons are begun. Terms, two dollars per term of twelve lessons.

"City Happenings,"
Medford Mail, March 14, 1902, page 7


    Mrs. E. E. Gore, Jr., the popular instructor of music, returned from Jacksonville yesterday, where she has quite a number of pupils. In addition to that class Mrs. Gore teaches a larger one in Medford. She is thorough in her profession, which accounts for her success.
"Medford Squibs," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, April 3, 1902, page 2


    Orchardist J. G. Gore is packing about 300 boxes of yellow Newtown pippin apples this week. The apples will be shipped. It seems really too bad that a quality of fruit suitable for shipment could not be retained at home and retailed to home consumers. Apples are scarce at this time of the year and in consequence are a luxury and good prices could be realized. Unless Mr. Gore has sold his fruit to outside parties the Mail would offer a suggestion to some of our enterprising merchants that they buy the entire lot and give home people a chance to enjoy a really good apple.

"City Happenings," Medford Mail, April 18, 1902, page 7


    Elder E. E. Gore left Monday for New York City, whither he goes as a delegate to the Presbyterian General Assembly. He will visit relatives and friends in Kansas and Indiana, and will also stop for a few days in Washington, D.C. His ticket is good for nine months, and he expects to come close to using its full limit before he returns. It has been thirty-one years since he came west.

"Purely Personal," Medford Mail, May 2, 1902, page 6


    E. E. Gore, Sr. will leave soon for New York, having been elected a delegate to the general assembly of the Presbyterian Church.
"Medford Squibs," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 2, 1902, page 5


    Misses Agnes Love and Florence De Bar, two of Jacksonville's most talented young misses, will give a complimentary piano recital at Medford's Presbyterian Church Saturday evening. They are pupils of Mrs. E. E. Gore, the well-known instructor in music, and have made rapid advancement. On the programme will be selections from Il Trovatore, Chopin, Beethoven, Nevin and Mendelssohn. The public is generally invited.

"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 8, 1902, page 5


Mrs. Gore's Recital.
    Wednesday evening Mrs. E. E. Gore's music classes in Medford and Jacksonville gave a recital at the Coss Piano House that was quite the equal of any of the musical events previously held in that hall this spring. Most of the performers were but beginners in the study of music, and quite young in age, being from ten to fourteen years, and it was for nearly all of them their first appearance before an audience, yet they carried their parts through with a self-possession and skill that was a credit to themselves and a compliment to their teacher.
    The program was carried out without the least delay, and the large audience present were given an evening's entertainment that was both interesting and pleasing, for it was a study to watch the little tots as they coyly took their places and the sprightly, easy-moving pieces which they rendered, were worth listening to by anyone having an ear for music.
    Mrs. Gore has a large class of pupils, both in this city and in Jacksonville, and such is the standing of her classes that she has all the applicants required to keep them up to the full membership. Not meaning to flatter, but there is no gainsaying the fact that Mrs. Gore thoroughly understands the art of teaching music and she has the happy faculty of being able to get her pupils to do their very best, that being one of the secrets of her success in bringing out all that there is in a pupil's musical talent.
Medford Mail, July 4, 1902, page 2


Religious Belief the Only Difference.
    The following item is taken from the Kansas City Journal. The E. Emerson Gore spoken of is the gentleman who lives south of Medford and father of the Gore boys of this county:
    "Over on Louisiana St. lives E. Emery Gore, and he now has a guest in the person of E. Emerson Gore, of Oregon, his twin brother. The two celebrated their seventy-eighth birthday anniversary June 20, after being separated thirty-two years. The two are so nearly alike in appearance, voice and manner that casual acquaintances cannot tell them apart. Both came to Illinois from Vermont, both helped expel the Mormons from western Illinois, both crossed the plains to the Pacific coast at a very early date, neither has ever lost a tooth or suffered serious illness, neither has ever ever tasted liquor or tobacco, and both are stalwart Republicans. The only difference that anybody can discover between them is that one is a Presbyterian while the other is a Baptist. Even the near relatives of the brothers cannot tell which is which without close scrutiny."

Medford Mail, September 5, 1902, page 2


    Mrs. E. E. Gore, of Medford, the well-known and efficient teacher of music, will relinquish her class here, her time being fully taken up with her large class in Medford.
"Jacksonville News," Medford Mail, October 3, 1902, page 3


    Mrs. E. E. Gore, Jr., who has been teaching a class in music at Jacksonville, has been compelled to cease her labors there, as her time is monopolized by her Medford pupils, who are rapidly increasing in numbers..
"Local Notes," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, October 9, 1902, page 1


    Walter Gore shipped a consignment of Southern Oregon mistletoe from Medford this week. This is rather early in the season for such shipments, but this one is to fill an order from the East.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, November 28, 1902, page 7


    J. G. Gore, who had several head of stock killed by a freight train some time ago, has commenced an action against the S.P. Co. to recover what he valued them at. W. I. Vawter is his attorney.
"Brief Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, December 17, 1902, page 2


    The funeral of Matt. Ish was attended by a large concourse of friends of the deceased, who was well and favorably known. The remains were interred in Jacksonville cemetery, Rev. M. L. Darby conducting the religious service.
    R. L. Ish is in this section for the first time in a number of years. He was called hither to attend the funeral of his brother Matt. Dick is a permanent fixture at U.S. Army headquarters in Vancouver, Wash., having been stationed there many years. He was a resident of Jackson and Klamath counties a long time before entering the service of the government.

"Brief Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 4, 1903, page 1


    M. R. Ish, one of the pioneers of Southern Oregon, died at the Ish farm Thursday. He had been ailing for some time. Matt. was an upright, industrious man, well liked by all who knew him. His many friends will be sorry to hear of his demise.

"Brief Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, March 4, 1903, page 2


Death of M. R. Ish.
    The death of Matthew R. Ish, which occurred at the Ish farm, near Jacksonville, on February 26th, adds another to the long roll of pioneers of Oregon who have passed away.
    Mr. Ish was a native of Loudon County, Virginia, and came to Southern Oregon in 1855, remaining here several years and then returning to Virginia to bring out several other members of his family.
    He was one of the three original owners of the famous Gold Hill mine, and his death leaves but one survivor of the trio, John X. Miller, of Trail Creek, this county.
    Mr. Ish was 72 years, 11 months and 8 days of age at the time of his death, which resulted from an illness of several months' duration. He was never married and leaves a brother, Richard Ish, of Vancouver, and a sister who resides in Virginia.
Medford Mail, March 6, 1903, page 2

The E. E. Gore twins
The E. E. Gore twins

TOOK WHICH FOR TOTHER
A Twin's Amusing Mistake at Medford.
    Emery E. Gore, of Lawrence, Kansas, and his niece, Mrs. Green, are here upon a visit to Mr. Gore's twin brother, Mr. Emerson E. Gore. These gentlemen were 79 years of age on the 20th of last June. Both are seemingly in exceedingly good health and are as rugged as is the average man of 60. They are very much alike in appearance, actions and speech; so much so, in fact, that it is decidedly difficult to distinguish one from the other. A story is told upon the visiting gentleman, that while trading in a Medford store a few days ago, he got mixed with his reflection in a large mirror, and thinking the reflection was his brother, called to him saying that he had finished his trading and was ready to go home if he was--and all this time his brother was sitting in a rig in front of the store awaiting his return.--Medford Mail.
Rogue River Courier, Grants Pass, August 13, 1903, page 1

William Haven Gore
William Haven Gore in later years

    W. H. Gore and H. G. Wortman are making arrangements to embark in the stock business on a considerable scale. They have rented the Cox ranch, situated in the Dead Indian country, and put Charley Brophy in charge thereof. In a short time they will drive out several hundred head of cattle.

"Brief Mention," Democratic Times, Jacksonville, May 6, 1903, page 2


Pioneers Visit Jacksonville.
    W. H. Gore, manager of the big Ish farm two miles northeast of Jacksonville, and one of the finest in all Southern Oregon, was in Jacksonville Saturday afternoon with his father, Emerson E. Gore, of Phoenix, and his uncle Emory E. Gore of Lawrence, Kan. The two old gentlemen are twins, and so near alike that strangers cannot tell them apart. Both are pioneers of Jacksonville, and their trip Saturday was to greet the few persons yet in the old town who were here 50 years ago and note the changes that have come to the town and surrounding country since the days when Jacksonville was a stirring mining town and the adjacent hills and valleys alive with hundreds of mines. The Messrs. Gore arrived at Jacob Wagner's place on the creek now known as Wagner Creek from Illinois September 20, 1852, coming by way of California, and they camped there a few days taking a look at the valley. They worked one day for Mr. Wagner and put a floor in his cabin made of slabs that Mr. Wagner had gotten at a little sawmill just started near where Ashland now is. Mr. Wagner had occupied his cabin with only an earth floor. The only pay taken from Mr. Wagner was a big squash that he had grown on his place. They arrived in Jacksonville a few days later. The day proved to be Saturday, but they did not know it, having lost their calendar reckonings, and that afternoon they borrowed a saw and frame, and early next morning they went on the hill back of where St. Mary's Academy now is and cut a large tree and began to make shakes with which to build a cabin. Soon they noticed people on the streets as though going to church, and being good Presbyterians they ceased their work and came down and found that a traveling preacher was holding services. They resumed their cabin building Monday and soon had it erected on land north of the present U.S. Hotel when Emerson Gore moved into it with his family, Emory Gore boarding with him, he not then being married. In February Emerson Gore took up as a donation claim the land upon which he now lives and to which he soon moved his family. The Gores were carpenters, and among other houses upon which they worked was the present Methodist Church in Jacksonville. They put up a carpenter shop and did all kinds of woodwork. Emory remained a year in Jacksonville when he left and worked at various places in the valley until 1860, when he went to Kansas and has lived in that state since, residing first at Atchison and later at Lawrence.
    To Mr. and Mrs. Emerson E. Gore is due the honor of being the parents of the first white baby boy born within the limits of the present town of Jacksonville, so far as records now to be had show, their son Walter Gore, now residing near Phoenix, having been born December 3, 1852, while they were residing in the little shake house in the north part of town.
Jacksonville Sentinel, October 16, 1903, page 1

William H. Gore

    WILLIAM H. GORE.  Since 1894 what is known as the Ish Ranch, two and a half miles west of Medford, has been under the capable management of William H. Gore. This statement alone suffices to place the property in the category of perfectly conducted farms, for no broader minded or more progressive tiller of the soil and student of scientific ranching has contributed to the development of Jackson County. The owners of this farm are recognized as the most extensive owners of land and stock, and growers of alfalfa in this district, and at present two hundred and forty acres are devoted to the cattle grass which has practically built up the stock industry of the West and North. Through the efforts of Mr. Gore the output of the farm has materially increased, the shipment of hogs in 1902 far exceeding that of any other dealer in the county. This is but one of the commodities which swell the yearly revenue of this productive ranch, high grade cattle, sheep, grain, and general produce taking on like proportions, excelling also in quality as well as quantity. Needless to say, the house occupied by Mr. Gore and his family is in keeping with the modern surroundings of the farm, is large and well arranged, and furnished in accordance with refined tastes and cultivated tendencies of the occupants.
    As a native son of this great state Mr. Gore's career has been watched with growing interest by the generation of pioneers, of which class his father, Emerson E. Gore, was a typical representative. The son was born on the family estate three miles south of Medford, April 23, 1860, and was educated in the district schools, and graduated from the state University of Oregon, at Eugene. A pronounced appreciation of higher education was one of the pleasing tendencies noted in Mr. Gore's boyhood days, and in order to gratify his ambition in this direction it became necessary for him to help himself. It thus happened that he began to teach school at the age of nineteen, and, through the exercise of economy and prudence, he was able to defray his expenses at the university. In 1888 he went to Portland and found employment with Page & Son, fruit and commission merchants, and at the expiration of three years, or in 1891, he branched out into a similar business on his own responsibility. Three years later, in 1894, he returned to Medford and took charge of the ranch which has since been his care, and which is twelve hundred acres in extent. In the meantime he has made his influence felt in general affairs, has taken a firm stand for clean Republican politics, for government in the interests of the people, and for the best possible educational advantages. He is specially fitted for political preferment, having a broad grasp of existing conditions, and possessing marked executive ability. For many years he has been an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and has labored zealously for the enlargement of the church charities. November 5, 1890, Mr. Gore married Sophenia J. Ish, who was born on the farm where she still makes her home, and is a daughter of Jacob and J. Eleanor (Jones) Ish, who came to Oregon in 1860 and were the owners of the Ish place. Jacob Ish, father of Mrs. Gore, was born in Virginia and was reared in the heart of the southern Democracy. He was the owner of some slaves before the war and lost considerable property through the ravages of that memorable conflict. In 1860 he came to Oregon with his four brothers, William K., Horace L., Mathew R., and Richard L., all of whom are now deceased except Robert L., who resides in Jackson County. Mr. Ish resided for twenty-one years in Jackson County, where he became one of the largest land owners in southern Oregon. He was the founder of the Ish ranch, which is known far and wide, and for many years he furnished from his broad acres supplies for the government troops stationed at Fort Klamath, and for the stage stations between Grants Pass and Yreka, Cal. He married for his first wife Miss J. Eleanor Jones, who died July 29, 1877, leaving one daughter, now Mrs. W. H. Gore. He married, October 7, 1879, for his second wife, Miss Sarah Elizabeth Jones, a sister of the first wife, who survives him and makes her home on the ranch with her stepdaughter. Mr. Ish died March 4, 1881, at the age of fifty-nine years. Jacob I. and Mary E., the two children born to Mr. and Mrs. Gore, are living at home with their parents.
    Entirely inadequate is a resume of the life of Mr. Gore without due mention of his father, Emerson E., from whom he inherits many of his forceful and admirable characteristics. He was born in Halifax, Windham County, Vt., June 20, 1824, and is a son of Ebenezer and Polly (Haven) Gore, the parents also of five other children. Of these, Sabrey is the deceased wife of Eben Stancliff, of Phoenix, Ore.; Emory E. is the twin brother of Emerson; Elizabeth is deceased; Orrin is a resident of Oregon; and Lucy A. When Emerson E. was four years of age, in 1828, his parents moved to the western reserve in Ohio, and took up government land upon which they lived until 1840. They then located near Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa, where the father died in 1848, at the age of fifty-six years. Emerson E. made himself useful around the farm, becoming his father's right-hand man, and after his death assuming the management of the property. September 20, 1849, he married Mary E. Gilmore, thereafter continuing to live in Iowa until the spring of 1852. April 27, he started with his family and brother, Emory E., for the coast, equipped with four yoke of oxen and one yoke of cows, being on the road for five months and seven days. In the fall of 1852 he located a claim of three hundred and twenty acres just across the road from where he now lives, three miles south of Medford, and between Medford and Phoenix, where he lived until removing to his present home in 1854. For many years he joined forces with his brother  Emory, and with him constructed a sawmill on Bear Creek which was successfully operated until 1860. Mr. Gore then bought out his brother, the latter returning to his home an the East, finally settling in Lawrence, Kans.
    Mr. Gore has made himself an essential part of the agricultural community of Jackson County, has participated in its all-around development, and has reared capable and resourceful sons to perpetuate his honored name. His oldest son was born at Jacksonville, Ore., December 3, 1852, was christened Walter S., and was the first white male child born in that vicinity. Mr. Gore possesses marked executive ability, and from time to time has been called upon to settle estates. He is well known in fraternal circles, not only as a member, but as an organizer, for he had to do with establishing the first Masonic Lodge at Phoenix. After the delivery of that charter he joined Warren Lodge No. 10, A.F.&A.M. He also is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and like his son has been a great worker in the same. Too much cannot be said of his temperate, evenly balanced and altogether successful life, and of the admirable characteristics which have brought him honor and many friends.
.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Western Oregon, Chapman Publishing Co., Chicago, 1904, page 747


Siding for Use of Orchardists.
    MEDFORD, Or., Feb. 19.--(Special.)--J. S. Howard recently finished surveying a side track along the Southern Pacific track about three miles south of Medford. The siding is to be put in south from the county road which runs west from Samuel Van Dyke's place, and on the west side of the railroad track, and will be 760 feet long. One hundred and seventy feet by 885 feet of land has been set aside for the use of the siding and warehouses. It is for the convenience of several orchardists in the vicinity, who have previously been compelled to haul their fruit to Medford. All fruit loaded at this siding will be billed as having been loaded at Medford. It is understood that the orchardists in this section contributed and purchased the land aside from that covered by the right of way from Messrs. Gore and Van Dyke. The Southern Pacific expects to complete the work in time to accommodate the next year's fruit crop.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 20, 1904, page 12


    This week W. H. Gore received a 6-horsepower Fairbanks Morse gasoline engine, which he will use on the Ish farm, wherever power is needed. The engine is mounted upon trucks, so that it can be hauled from place to place, as the exigencies of farm work may require. All such work as pumping, sawing wood, running fanning mills and other farm machinery can be accomplished by this engine, and Mr. Gore expects to keep it busy for a greater part of the year.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, November 4, 1904, page 5


No Hunting Will Be Allowed.
    Notice is hereby given that no hunting will be allowed upon my premises. Anyone guilty of trespassing will be dealt with as provided by law.
S. E. ISH.               
Medford Mail, November 4, 1904, page 8


    It is refreshing to pass the Gore orchard, south of Medford, these days, since the six-horsepower gasoline engine has been pumping the water from Bear Creek into the flume which crosses the orchard and brings the rejuvenating fluid to the heavily loaded fruit trees. It is an entire success and will double the value of the fruit from this fine orchard. Mr. Gore will have not less than six cars of as fine Bartlett pears as ever went into any market.
"City Happenings," Medford Mail, August 3, 1906, page 5


Death of Mrs. S. E. Ish.
    Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Ish, one of the pioneer women of Jackson County, and one of the most highly respected of its citizens, died at her home near Jacksonville Sunday, September 2, 1906. Mrs. Ish was born at Hillsboro, Loudon County, Virginia, December 29, 1830, and was aged seventy-five years, eight months and three days at the time of her death.
    Mrs. Ish came to Jackson County in 1877, having been called thither by the serious illness of her sister, Mrs. Jacob Ish, who died before she reached Oregon. She assumed the duties of a mother to her sister's daughter, now Mrs. W. H. Gore, and in November, 1878, was married to Jacob Ish, with whom she lived happily until his death on March 4, 1881.
    She immediately assumed the management of the large estate left by her husband and has conducted it successfully ever since.
    Mrs. Ish was a woman of the highest character, combining in herself the attributes which go to make true womanhood, and her death will be regretted by a wide circle of friends.
    Mrs. Ish leaves no children of her own, and only one close relative, a brother, Wm. R. Jones, but her stepdaughter, Mrs. Gore, had always taken the place of a daughter to her.
    The funeral took place on Tuesday, services being held at the late residence by Rev. H. B. Yacoubi, of the M. E. Church, South, of which church Mrs. Ish had long been a member. The interment was made in Jacksonville Cemetery.
Medford Mail, September 7, 1906, page 1


John G. Gore Orchard circa 1907, September 5, 1909 Sunday Oregonian
John G. Gore Orchard circa 1907, September 5, 1909 Sunday Oregonian

AN OLD LANDMARK GONE.
    For many years an old weather-beaten building has stood on the Medford-Central Point road opposite the Merriman place that was one of the first buildings erected in that part of the valley, but last week it was torn down and removed.
    It was in 1855 that Emery E. Gore, twin brother of E. E. Gore, now deceased, built the structure for the purpose of conducting a store therein. After its completion he left for the East to buy his stock of goods, but for various reasons remained there and did not return until a few years ago, when he returned here on a visit.
Excerpt, Medford Mail, December 13, 1907, page 1   This may have been near Gore Avenue in north Medford.



Musical Studio Opening
    Mrs. E. E. Gore announces the opening of her new studios, corner of C and Ninth streets, Monday, February 17, 1908. After completing the four-year regular course in Piano, Voice, Harmony and Theory at Gates College Conservatory of Music, Mrs. Gore took a postgraduate course of one year, carrying on work in the pipe organ department under Professor E. B. Geer of Oberlin College and studying voice under Miss Carrie Dean, a pupil of Luigi Vannuccini of Milan, Italy.
    Mrs. Gore brings to bear upon her work years of successful experience with pupils of all grades of advancement, and through a wide course of study, reading and association with musicians is in touch with progressive methods and the most up-to-date teaching material.
    Among the coast teachers with whom she has been privileged to study are Prof. Skinner, recently of Portland, now of Los Angeles, Madame Von Meyerink of San Francisco, and during a brief stay in Portland daily lessons with Mrs. Walter Reed, recognized as high authority on the voice.
Medford Mail, February 14, 1908, page 1


    W. H. Gore has received a new and up-to-date acetylene gas lighting plant, which will be installed at his ranch home west of this city.
"Local and Personal," Medford Mail, June 18, 1909, page 8


    W. H. Gore yesterday purchased a tract of land 170x175 feet in size from A. L. Marshall. The price paid was $2500. Mr. Gore expects to erect a fine home on the property to cost $7000 or $8000. This property is on Oakdale Avenue, which is one of the prettiest residence districts in the city.
"Local and Personal," Medford Mail, June 25, 1909, page 2


    A type of the successful orchardist who has made his way by being first on the ground and sticking to it through thick and thin is John G. Gore, the owner of the heaviest-bearing Bartlett pear orchard in the valley. His orchard, seven acres in extent, is situated on the heavy black loam of Bear Creek bottom and is irrigated by means of a gas engine pump from Bear Creek. The orchard is part of the donation claim taken up by Emerson E. Gore, the father of John Gore, in 1852, the trees being set out by the old gentleman in 1888. The father at the time of the building of the railroad in 1884 had a three-acre orchard which during the railroad boom brought him big dividends. This led him to plant his new orchard. It was remarkable the judgment with which the varieties for the new orchard were selected. The block of apples consisted of the Yellow Newtown, Spitzenburg and Baldwin, while seven acres was planted solid to Bartlett pears. Every one of these varieties has since then proven itself good, and the son is now reaping the benefit of his father's wise selection.
    During the '80s the Gores' 3-acre tract of trees became infected with San Jose scale. As the old pioneer tells, "We did not know of sprays in those days, and when the San Jose scale infected my apple trees I dug them up, for I would not raise diseased fruit." Although with the knowledge of the spray such an action is no longer necessary, it was this spirit which made Rogue River Valley what it is, one of the cleanest fruit-growing sections of the world.
*    *    *
    The seven-acre Bartlett pear orchard now brings a princely income to its owner, the seven carloads shipped in 1907 bringing returns amounting to over a thousand dollars an acre. Last year the prices paid for pears were emphatically off color, but even then Mr. Gore's returns from his Bartletts amounted to $645 an acre. This year the prices are good and his harvest is enormous, filling ten cars.
    Mr. Gore has worked hard and used much originality in the care of his orchard and well deserves his present success. It was he who introduced smudging in the Rogue River Valley, saving his crop from the heavy frosts in the spring of 1908. His system is to build wood fires between every four trees. This, of course, takes a great deal of labor, especially if the cold snap is at all prolonged.
    Mr. Gore's methods in taking care of his orchard are original, many of them entirely at variance with scientific fruit growing. Instead of keeping the center of the tree open, he packs it full of pears. Thus by keeping his fruit-bearing limbs close to the tree instead of long and tapering, he is able to put more fruit upon them without fear of breaking the limbs. Mr. Gore does not thin to gain in size; his heavy black loam and plentiful water supply make this unnecessary. He thins just enough to keep his trees from breaking down. As stated his methods are not such as can be applied to the ordinary orchard, but the load that Mr. Gore packs into his trees is astonishing and is one of the sights that makes the eastern visitors gasp.
Arthur M. Geary, "Enormous Wealth of Rogue River Orchards," Morning Oregonian, Portland, September 5, 1909, page F2



ENGINE FOR FARM WORK.
W. H. Gore Receives Traction Machine to Pull Gang of Plows.
    A 30-horsepower gasoline traction engine is on a car at the depot here consigned to W. H. Gore. It is intended for farm work, especially plowing, being made more especially for that purpose. This machine is capable of drawing from six to ten 12-inch plows, and it will be put to work on Mr. Gore's big ranch, west of this city.
Medford Mail, October 15, 1909, page 8



WARNER, WORTMAN & GORE
    As a city whose inhabitants are up-to-date and progressive, Medford is widely reputed as well as for its phenomenal growth, and the strong demand for the best to be had in all lines of materials and supplies of everyday use has made possible the conspicuous success of the big double-front store owned and occupied by Warner, Wortman & Gore. They are purveyors of pure foods--"everything to eat"--staple and fancy groceries, fresh and cured meats. Theirs is a finely equipped and admirably arranged store and is one of the pioneer establishments of the city, Mr. E. N. Warner having been in the business here 14 years. The consolidated stores under the present management of Messrs. E. N. Warner, H. G. Wortman and E. E. Gore, Jr., has been running two years. Mr. Wortman has been in business here 25 years, and Mr. Gore is a native Oregonian; $30,000 is invested in the business, and there are fourteen employees. The meat market has its own cold storage system and offers the best in its line. Among the exclusive agencies they have the Chase and Sanborn coffee, Burnett's extracts and Blue Ribbon flour. They contemplate adding another story to their building in the spring. Mr. Wortman was a member of the city council, and all the partners are Masons and Commercial Clubbers and owners of city and ranch property.
Medford Mail Tribune, January 2, 1910, page 5


HAZED 5 MONTHS AGO; DIES
Clarence D. Gore, of Medford, Is Quick Consumption Victim.
    MEDFORD, Or., Feb. 8.--(Special.)--Clarence W. Gore, a student of the University of Oregon, died at his home in this city Sunday afternoon. The young man, it is said by some, never recovered from a cold contracted while being put through a hazing ordeal before Thanksgiving. He contracted quick consumption.
    Student Gore was forced to drop his studies at Christmas and was unable to return to the University. Young Gore last summer brought mandamus proceedings against the local school board to compel it to issue to him a diploma from the Medford High School which had been refused because he was not at the commencement exercises. This action is still pending in the Circuit Court. Without his diploma the young man entered the University of Oregon the first of last summer.
    After he had been in the university some weeks Mr. Gore, with four other freshmen, was taken out one night and for three hours was compelled to keep up a huge bonfire for the benefit of the tormentors. The work was enough to keep a score of men busy, but in their efforts to please their superior classmen the young men overexerted themselves. Later. Gore contracted a severe cold and he came home at Thanksgiving. He then returned to college against the wishes of his father and remained until Christmas. When he came home at Christmas he was weak and asserted he was unable to climb a flight of stairs without stopping to rest.
    Mr. Gore was a deep student and took an active part in local church work. His habits were exemplary, and his report cards from the university show his standing there was similar to that in this city.
    He was a native of the Rogue River Valley, being born in Ashland, 22 years ago, on February 19. His mother died three years ago. Since that time he resided with his father and two sisters in this city. Funeral services will be held at the Presbyterian Church, Tuesday, Rev. W. F. Shields officiating. The remains will lie in state in the church from 10 o'clock a.m. until 12 o'clock noon.

Morning Oregonian,
Portland, February 9, 1910, page 5


HAZING MILD, SAID STUDENT
President Campbell Says Gore Spoke Lightly of His Ordeal.
    UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Eugene. Feb. 8.--(Special.)--Four students were dropped outright and nearly 20 other members of the sophomore class are now attending the university on probation for participating in the mild hazing of several freshmen, of whom Gore was one, last September.
    The action of the college faculty at that time was considered rather severe, as the hazing was of an extremely light variety consisting almost entirely of putting the freshmen through singing; speech-making and dancing "stunts," but it has resulted in absolutely stamping out all hazing. Young Gore attended the university until the recent Christmas holidays. Speaking of his death, president P. L. Campbell said tonight:
    "I had not known that Mr. Gore was seriously ill, although I had received a letter from his father after the Christmas holidays saying he would not be able to return to college this year owing to impaired health. A telegram received from his father yesterday announcing his death came as a very great shock to me. He had been in college up to the Christmas holidays, going along regularly with his work, and I had not known of any illness.
    "Mr. Gore was one of the freshmen who was hazed by the sophomores at thee opening of the session in September. In the inquiry which followed the hazing he spoke of the matter and interceded for leniency for the sophomores.
    "I understood from him that his part in the hazing was very light indeed. I saw him frequently up to the time when he went home a few days before Thanksgiving recess to do some work which awaited him there. I did not observe any signs of sickness, nor was any irregularity reported in his class work. He returned to college after the Thanksgiving recess and remained until Christmas. I had never at any time heard any intimation of any ill consequences following the hazing."

Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 9, 1910, page 5


HAZING IS SCOUTED
Young Gore Caught Cold Packing Apples, He Said.
STUDENT'S LETTER TELLS
Medford Collegian in Writing to Senior Throws Light on Youth's Illness--
President Campbell Talks of Case.

    EUGENE, Or., Feb. 8.--(Special.)--That Clarence D. Gore, of Medford. a freshman at the University of Oregon, did not die as the result of hazing, but had contracted mortal illness in packing apples, is the light thrown on the student's death by a letter received here recently.
    The letter, which coincides with President Campbell's opinion of the case, was received by Arthur Geary, a senior, and was written by Fred L. Strang, a sophomore, from Medford. Concerning young Gore's illness the letter says:
    Poor Clarence Gore is in a very critical condition. Every other day for the last three weeks he has been having hemorrhages of the lungs. His health also has fallen rapidly, and Dr. Seely and others say they doubt it very much if he lives till spring. They thought he was dying the other night from a hemorrhage. He took a severe cold last Thanksgiving afternoon, when he was out packing apples for John Gore, and never got over it. Ed Gore told Papa today that he and Clarence's father believed that it started with the hazing at U. of O. I know that is not true for I had a long talk with Clarence soon after I came back from Eugene, and he said he caught the cold packing apples at Gore's. Ida Bishop, who works for us, packed there at the same time. She says his place to pack was next to the door in the packing-house in a draft.
    The letter is dated February 4, and here is regarded as conclusive that the hazing of young Gore did not cause his death.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 9, 1910, page 6


HAZING NOT TO BLAME
FATHER OF LATE CLARENCE GORE WRITES LETTER.
Boy Told Parent That Treatment Received at Hands of Upper Classmen Was Not Harsh.
    UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Eugene, Feb. 23.--(Special.)--Clarence W. Gore, of Medford, the University of Oregon student whose death shortly after Christmas was attributed in sensational newspaper stories to injuries received when he was hazed by other members of his class here last September, died from natural causes.
    This is the substance of a letter from Walter S. Gore, father of the young man, to President Campbell and made public today. In the letter Mr. Gore completely exonerates the university from any responsibility for his son's death. The letter follows:
    "I have kept silent thus far in regard to matters pertaining to the hazing incident late in September, and which has been given unnecessary publicity through the Medford papers, the Eugene Guard and Portland papers. The letter published in the Medford Mail and copied by others purporting to have been received from my son Clarence W. Gore and turned over by me for publication was in print before I had received from Clarence a statement of the affair.
    "In regard to the later statement that his illness was the result of ill-treatment by the hazers and compulsory work on bonfires, Clarence said he was not harshly treated in hazing, that he felt no serious ill effects from it and that on the whole he rather enjoyed it.
    "In regard to the bonfires, which I think were built some weeks later, he said it was the custom for the freshmen to build them, but on account of its not being compulsory few took part this year and he felt it his duty to do his part.
    "The cold which resulted in his final illness was not caused by the hazing or the building of bonfires, although it may have been augmented by the latter. Clarence never attributed it to that.
    "He was fully in harmony with the action of the faculty in the matter and definitely cleared the university from any blame in the case.
    "I wish to thank you, Mr. Campbell, and the faculty, for the prompt support and encouragement you gave Clarence at that time and the students of the different classes who so promptly exonerated him from all blame.
    "It was truly appreciated by him, and he was to the last a staunch friend of the university.
    "Yours very respectfully,
    (Signed) "WALTER S. GORE."
    Four students were suspended for one year by the faculty as a result of Gore's hazing, while nearly 30 others are now attending college on their good behavior. Young Gore was much liked by his fellow students, and personally asked leniency for his hazers.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, February 24, 1910, page 12


    Word was received at Phoenix that Grandpa [Emerson E.] Gore, father of John Gore, was sinking very fast Wednesday evening. Mr. Gore is one of the old pioneers of the valley and a member of the Presbyterian Church at Phoenix.
"Eden Precinct Items," Medford Mail Tribune, November 18, 1910, page 3


E. E. GORE PASSES TO BEYOND
PIONEER OF VALLEY DIES AT AGE OF EIGHTY-SEVEN
Came to Valley in 1852, First Camping at Spot Which Is Now Old Central Point.
    E. E. Gore, who to many friends in [the] Rogue Valley was known as "Father Gore," and a pioneer of Southern Oregon, died at the old family residence on the Ashland road at 3:30 o'clock Monday afternoon. The old gentleman was eighty-seven years old. He celebrated his eighty-seventh birthday anniversary June 17 of this year.
    The pioneer leaves five sons, L. A. Rose of Phoenix, a stepson; W. S. Gore, J. G. Gore, W. H. Gore and E. E. Gore, jr. of Medford; also three daughters, Mrs. Jane Gray, Mrs. W. H. Jacks of Albany, and Mrs. H. G. Wortman of Medford.
    Funeral services will be conducted at the late residence at 12:30 p.m. Wednesday and at the Presbyterian Church in Phoenix at 2 o'clock. The remains will be placed at rest in the Phoenix Cemetery.
Sketch of Eventful Life.
    Emerson E. Gore was born June 20, 1824, in Halifax, Vermont, and when a small boy moved with his father to Ohio, and subsequently to Iowa, where he lived for many years. In 1849 he was married to Mrs. Mary E. Rose, who died in 1893.
    Mr. and Mrs. Gore crossed the plains in 1852 and took up their residence in Jacksonville, where their oldest son, Walter S. Gore, was born December 3, 1852, being the first white male born in Jackson County. In 1853 they settled on the Gore donation claim, two and one-half miles south, where they lived continuously.
    Mr. Gore was prominently identified with early industrial enterprises incidental to pioneer life in the valley. For fifty years he was an elder in the Presbyterian Church, having been converted in 1849. He passed away sustained and comforted by the full assurance of Christian faith.
    Mr. Gore and his family were five months on the journey from Iowa to Oregon, although they started to go to California later, changing their destination. The trip was made by ox team, and the train in which they traveled was one of the longest ever to cross the plains. One night on the Platte River, when the train had halted, the men of the party heard the cattle making a disturbance. Mr. Gore ran out to see what was the matter with the stock and stumbled over two Indians lying in the grass. The Indians scrambled to their feet and fled. When the train reached Goose Lake the Indians drove off all the stock. Mrs. Gore was ill. All the able-bodied men pursued the Indians and found them encamped. The redskins had killed two of the mules and were eating them. The white routed the thieves and burned the camp. But the Indians shot arrows into the cattle before they were defeated.
    The day the party arrived in this valley the battle of Table Rock was fought, the Indians being defeated with heavy loss.
    The train encamped near Central Point, near the old town on the creek. Here the captain of the train took up a farm. As all the land was claimed, Mr. Gore and his brother Emery started for Dry Creek, where they were told that they could find good land. On the way they met a friendly Indian and in talking with the red man told him they had not been in the fight. This saved their lives, for after leaving the Indian and seeing a covey of quail one of the brothers fired at the birds. At this Indians sprang up all about them and with bows drawn advanced. These were the remaining Indians that had been defeated that day. Just then the friendly Indian ran up and told his brothers that these two men had not been in the fight. The chief then told his warriors not to shoot and said to the men, "Klatawah" [Chinook jargon for "Go"], and the two brothers lost no time in moving away from the dead line. The Indians said that no white man should ever cross Dry Creek again.
    After settling in Jacksonville, Mr. Gore bought the John G. Gore orchard. Later a hotel was erected across the road and Mr. Gore bought the land and remodeled the hotel. This is the home where he died. He erected a sawmill on the creek and the lumber for the Methodist Church at Jacksonville [sic].
    Mr. Gore and his brother Emery were twins, and so remarkable was the resemblance that mistakes were often made. Not only in facial features were they alike, but in voice and mannerisms. From childhood to extreme old age this resemblance continued. The children of Mr. Gore could not tell their uncle's voice from the father's.
    An incident which is related of this likeness of the two brothers occurred in 1905 when Emery Gore visited his brother. They were both in a Medford furniture store. Both were near a large mirror. E. E. Gore moved out of sight of Emery, who did not notice his movements. Emery turned to the glass, mistook it for his brother and said, "Isn't it time, Emerson, for us to go home?"
    Mr. Gore was an abstainer of liquor, and his convictions on this question were strong. Once a neighbor, early in the '80s, wished to buy apples of Mr. Gore. Mr. Gore at that time had five acres in fruit--one of the first orchards in the valley. The man offered a large price. Apples were worth only twenty cents a bushel. Mr. Gore became curious and asked the reason for the high offer. The neighbor replied that Mr. Gore's apples were much superior to others' and he wished to make them into liquor. Mr. Gore replied: "Before I would sell one apple for that purpose I would let them rot on the trees." He sold a few to others, but a large part did rot on the ground.
    The dead pioneer was a deeply religious man, and with this he had a great love for his country. A strong, yet gentle, man, a man with generous and noble disposition, has been gathered to his fathers.
Medford Sun, November 22, 1910, page 1


JACKSON LOSES ANOTHER OF HER GRAND OLD MEN
With Passing of Emerson E. Gore One More Representative of that Staunch
and Sturdy Stock that People Valley Is Lost to County.
    In the passing over of Emerson E. Gore at the family residence, two and one-half miles south of Medford, yesterday at 1:30 p.m., Jackson County loses another of her oldest pioneers, a representative of that staunch and sturdy stock that peopled the Rogue River Valley in the early '50s, and whose self-denying labors, dauntless courage and far-seeing eye laid the foundations for the subsequent industrial development of this section of the Pacific Northwest.
    Mr. Gore was born in Halifax, Vt., June 20, 1824, and was at the time of his death aged 86 years and 5 months. His youth and early manhood were spent in Ohio and Iowa, and in 1849 he was married to Mrs. Mary E. Rose, a young woman of rare intelligence and deep spiritual insight. Nine children were born of this union, two daughters and the loved wife having preceded Mr. Gore to the better land.
    Mr. and Mrs. Gore made the long journey across the plains with an ox team in 1852 and took up their residence in Jacksonville, Or., where their oldest son, Walter S., was born, December 3, 1852. In 1853 the family settled on the Gore donation claim, where the family has resided continuously ever since.
    Mr. Gore was converted in 1849 and has been an elder and faithful member of the Presbyterian Church for 50 years. The sands of a long and useful life have run out and, surrounded by the members of his family, he gently passed way into that sleep from which there is no earthly waking.
    A brief service will be conducted at the family residence at 12:30 on Wednesday and at 2 o'clock at the Presbyterian Church in Phoenix, the remains being laid to rest in the Phoenix Cemetery.
Medford Mail Tribune,
November 22, 1910, page 1


    The impression Medford makes upon some strangers is demonstrated by a recent purchase m
ade by George E. Hart, of Los Angeles, of the old Gore property of 102 acres, one mile and a half south of the city. Mr. Hart had visited Medford, but had never seen the property in question, when a proposition was made and he accepted it.
    Coming to Medford a few weeks ago to supervise the cutting of the land into five- and 10-acre tracts, Mr. Hart further showed his confidence in Medford realty by purchasing the Medford Domestic Laundry property. . . .
"Medford Most Prosperous," Sunday Oregonian, Portland, October 27, 1912, page 56


    The William Gore ranch just west of Medford has been leased by J. W. Snyder, a dairyman who plans to operate extensively in that business on this large tract of land. The ranch comprises 400 acres and the rental price is $10,000 a year. Mr. Snyder has given much attention to the dairy business and is branching out in that industry. A herd of 600 to 800 cows will be kept on the ranch.
Central Point Herald, March 20, 1913, page 3


MRS. GORE WINS IN MEDFORD
Director-Elect Proposes to Visit Italy to Study- Methods There.
    MEDFORD, Or., June 16.--(Special.)--For the first time in the history of Medford a woman was elected to the City Board of Education today, when Mrs. E. E. Gore, wife of a prominent merchant, secured 67 votes out of a total of 69.
    Mrs. Gore is president of the Greater Medford Club and an active worker in civic reform. She has made a special study of the Montessori method. To further prepare herself Mrs. Gore expects to take a trip to Italy to study educational conditions there. Mrs. Gore is a graduate of the Drain Normal School, attended Gates College and studied for a year at Columbia University, New York.

Morning Oregonian, Portland, June 17, 1913, page 2


DEATH OF PIONEER.
Lewis A. Rose Died at Talent Last Saturday.

        Lewis Albert A. Rose, one of the best known pioneers of Rogue River Valley, died Sunday, June 22, 1913, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. J. M. Rader, of Phoenix, aged 67 years and ten days.
    Mr. Rose had been seriously ill of gangrenous diabetes for several months, and his death was not unexpected
    Born at Charleston, Lee County, Iowa, June 12, 1846, Mr. Rose was the only son of the late Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Rose, Sr., who came from eastern Pennsylvania, and were of Scotch Irish descent. His father died when he was a few months old. Two years later his mother became the wife of Emerson E. Gore. When Mr. Rose was six years old, in company with his mother and stepfather he crossed the plains, reaching Rogue River Valley in 1852. Mr. Gore settled on what is now known as the John Gore orchard on Pacific Highway and it was here that Mr. Rose grew to manhood.
    In 1871 Mr. Rose was married to Miss Isabelle Colver, only daughter of the late Samuel and Huldah Colver, distinguished pioneers of southern Oregon. Four children were born to this union--Mrs. Effie L. Taylor, Medford; Mrs. W. A. Jones, wife of ex-Sheriff Jones of Ross Lane; Mrs. J. M. Rader, wife of ex-Sheriff J. M. Rader, of Phoenix, and L. A. Rose, Jr., of Phoenix.
    In 1885 Mrs. Rose died, leaving Mr. Rose with a little motherless brood of four children to rear and educate. Mr. Rose gave himself with unselfish devotion to the task and has successfully raised his children to become useful citizens.
    In 1888 Mr. Rose was again married to Mrs. Jemima Dollarhide Colver, widow of the late Louie Colver. One child was born to this union, Mrs. Claude Cate of Brownsville, Ore.
    In 1873 Mr. Rose moved to what is known as the Rose home on Pacific Highway, just north of Phoenix. Here he made his home for over 40 years.
    Mr. Rose was known as a man of unquestioned integrity and sound judgment. He was generous to a fault, always considering the welfare of others before that of his own. He would share his last penny with a needy stranger and was always a friend to the friendless, possessing to a marked degree the pioneer spirit which was ever ready to extend hospitality and a helping hand.
    Mr. Rose always took an active interest in all enterprises for the upbuilding of his own community and the county at large as well.
    Besides his children, Mr. Rose is survived by six grandchildren--Mr. Armond Taylor, Miss Maude Newbury, Donald Newbury, Carl Newbury, the last three being children of Mrs. W. A. Jones, and two infant sons of Mrs. Claude Cate. Messrs. W. H. Gore, W. S. Gore, J. G. Gore and E. E. Gore are half-brothers. Mrs. H. G. Wortman of Medford and Mrs. W. H. Jacks of Albany are half-sisters.
Ashland Tidings, July 3, 1913, page 3


Faulty Lights Cause Accident
    The failure of Prestolite on one car and no lights on another caused a head-on collision on the Jacksonville road Thursday night between W. H. Gore's car and a car driven by August Lawrentz. The force of the crash knocked Mr. Lawrentz against the wheel, and he sustained severe bruises. Mrs. Gore suffered considerably from the nervous shock, but was resting easily last night. Both cars were injured, the Lawrentz car being practically demolished. The Gore machine sustained a broken radiator and windshield.--Sun
Jacksonville Post,
November 8, 1913, page 2


    August Lawrentz, 53, who was struck by an auto driven by W. H. Gore on the Jacksonville road Thursday night, died Monday morning at 5 o'clock. The dead man absolved all others of blame, he running without any lights. The funeral services will be held Wednesday. Lawrentz was a juror at the present term of court.
Excerpt, "Injuries Prove Fatal,"
Jacksonville Post, November 15, 1913, page 1
W. H. Gore, November 5, 1916 Medford Sun

Car Rolls Over Embankment
    W. H. Gore, president of the Medford National Bank, was apparently the "goat" last Sunday. In the morning 150 tons of hay on his ranch north of Medford burned and in the afternoon his Packard touring car rolled over the embankment of the Siskiyou grade and suffered damages to the extent of several hundred dollars.
    The Gore family motored to the Siskiyous Monday for an outing and left the auto standing, with brakes set, while they walked up the road to eat their lunch. When about 100 yards from the car the brakes released and the car plunged down the road and off the embankment, falling about 100 ft.--Tidings.
Jacksonville Post, July 10, 1915, page 3

GORE ARRESTED FOR NOT DIMMING AUTO HEADLIGHTS
    "I am innocent of the charge and it will have to be proven against me in court before I will pay a fine," said W. H. Gore today in explaining why he entered a plea of not guilty before Justice Taylor following his arrest by county prosecutor Roberts' motorcycle cop on the Pacific Highway because of not having his auto lights dimmed, in compliance with the state law, as the cop claims.
    The motorcycle cop had just arrested a Portland auto dealer on the same charge, and the two were standing by the car at the side of the road, engaged in a loud word wrangle when Mr. Gore and his son Jay came driving by. The cop ordered Jay, who was at the wheel, to stop, but Mr. Gore, who was in the rear seat, thinking that the motorcycle cop and the other man were returning from Hornbrook, ordered Jay to speed up.
    The cop then speeded after them on his motorcycle and rode beside their car, calling upon them to stop, without showing his badge or telling them that he was an officer. They also claim that he swore at them repeatedly and was otherwise abusive. Finally, when he showed his badge, they stopped the car and submitted to arrest.
    "The law says that the front lights shall be dimmed when the safety and convenience of the public demand," said Mr. Gore today, "and there was certainly no occasion for us to dim our lights that night, as there was no one on the highway ahead of us except these two, who were standing by the car at the side of the road and wrangling."
    Otto Schneider, the Portland auto dealer arrested that same night, pleaded guilty before Justice Taylor yesterday and was fined $5 and court costs.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 28, 1917, page 4

January 4, 1919 Oregonian
January 4, 1919 Oregonian

BILL GORE BACK AT DESK AGAIN, WORK PRAISED
    W. H. Gore is still busy receiving congratulations on the success of his indefatigable work before Congress against great odds for the passage of the Oregon and California [railroad] land grant tax refund bill, following the great reception tendered him at the depot Saturday on his arrival home from Washington.
    He was at his desk again at the Medford National Bank this forenoon, for the first time in months, but his efforts to attend to business were useless because of so many citizens dropping in to greet and congratulate him.
    In speaking of his Saturday reception, of which he had no inkling until he stepped from the train, was seized by the reception committee and saw the big crowd of 1500 to 2000 people assembled, Mr. Gore chidingly remarked this forenoon: "Why on earth didn't someone tip me off to what was going on? If I had known I could have prepared a speech for the occasion."
    The lobbyist par excellence evidently did not realize that his improvised speech from the depot truck could not have been improved upon. In his ignorance as to the coming reception, as the train was coming to a stop Saturday forenoon and the noise of the fire siren was heard in his coach, Mr. Gore turned to a couple in the seat opposite him and remarked:
    "I seem to be getting home again just in time for another big fire. Once before here a big fire was starting when my train was coming in at the depot."
    This noon at the Kiwanis Club luncheon Mr. Gore delivered an address on his experiences in behalf of the Stanfield bill at Washington.
Medford Mail Tribune, July 26, 1926, page 2


Jackson County Not to Pay Gore
    Denial that they had signed an order definitely binding themselves to pay W. H. Gore one percent of the land grant tax refund is made by all members of the county court in a signed statement received here today. Members of the court state that the suggestion of this payment came from Mr. Gore and that they thereupon communicated with other county courts, asking if they were favorable to the plan. If other counties agreed, the Jackson County Court members said they were wiling to pay the same amount.
Ashland Daily Tidings, October 21, 1926, page 2



    J. Frank Wortman desires to express his hearty appreciation and gratitude to those neighbors and friends and all others, including the Medford fire department, for their efficacious work last Thursday in extinguishing the flames at his ranch, the old John Gore place on the Pacific Highway, and preventing the fire from spreading to the house, barn and other buildings.

"Local and Personal," Medford Mail Tribune, August 15, 1927, page 2


Hattie Gore.
    Hattie Gore, a well-known Medford musician, has a wide reputation here as a fully accredited piano instructor. With a studio in the Sparta Building, Mrs. Gore is actively engaged in the instruction of piano and is prominently identified with the state musicians' organization of Oregon. It was, in a great measure, through her influence that Medford has secured the state convention for 1928.
"Business and Professional Women Achieve Much During the Past Year," Medford Mail Tribune, January 1, 1928, page F4


GORE SUES COUNTY FOR $88,684
PAYMENT SOUGHT FOR EFFORTS IN O.-C. TAX REFUND
Ex-Banker Indicates May Take Like Action
Against Other Counties Benefited by Federal Measure

    William H. Gore, pioneer and former banker of this city, this morning filed suit in circuit court against Jackson County for $88,684.10 for services performed in connection with passage of the Oregon-California land grant tax refund bill, resulting in the payment by the federal government to Jackson County and 17 other western Oregon counties of approximately $10,000,000.
    While no definite statement was made, it was indicated that similar action might be instituted against other western Oregon counties.
    The suit is based upon the contention of Gore that in November 1925 the then Jackson County Court "hired and employed" him to prepare bills to Congress and collect evidence and data "whereby the government . . . would pay to Jackson County" the amount of taxes which had theretofore accrued upon Oregon-California land grant lands, revested in the government through a supreme court decision. Gore holds that Jackson County agreed to pay him "a reasonable compensation or percentage of all monies received."
Student of Taxation.
    Gore stated that for many years he had been a student of taxation, and particularly the Oregon-California grant problems and history, and by reason thereof was fitted to present the matter to federal officials and Congress.
    In accordance with the contract, Gore went to Washington, D.C., and conferred with federal authorities and aides in connection with the passage of the Oregon-California tax refund bill. As a condition of the contract, the complaint cites, he was "not to engage in any lobbying therefor," and fully complied with all conditions of his employment. He assisted in drawing up the bill, paying his own expenses during a prolonged stay in the national capital.
    Acting with various federal officials and representatives, the complaint asserts, Gore "worked out a scheme and method whereby Jackson County was paid" O.-C. tax refunds.
Received $8,750.
    For this service Gore states he received $8750 from Jackson County, in two payments, and a $500 payment by all the O.-C. counties, from which he disbursed the sum of $989. The county has declined further reimbursement.
    The complaint holds there is due the plaintiff $57,598.13 for the 1916-1925 O.-C. payment, $5,815 for the 1926 payment, $4,933.95 for the 1927 payment; $4,656.04 for the 1928 payment; $4,254.33 for the 1929 payment; $4,646.93 for the 1930 payment; $3,009.14 for the 1931 payment; $3,458.70 for the 1932 payment; $4,620.94 for the 1933 payment, and $4,301.69 for the 1934 payment.
Cites Present Need.
    George M. Roberts, attorney for Gore, issued the following statement regarding the suit:
    "In connection with the action filed by William H. Gore against Jackson County, Mr. Gore stated that his friends had insisted for a number of years that he take legal steps to enforce his claim against the various land grant counties in the state of Oregon for the services which he had rendered in obtaining approximately $10,000,000 for these counties from the federal government, but that he had hesitated in so doing because he did not want to proceed against his neighbors, although he felt his claim was entirely justifiable.
    "However, circumstances having changed and he and Mrs. Gore having been forced into bankruptcy and having lost everything, he deemed it only fair, equitable, just and right that he be repaid to a more or less degree for the very valuable services which he had rendered to these several counties. The county court of Jackson County, while recognizing the tremendous value of these services rendered by Mr. Gore, nevertheless, felt that from a legal standpoint it could not do anything. Hence, Mr. Gore was forced to bring this action."
Medford Mail Tribune, May 29, 1936, page 1


GORE'S EVICTION SOUGHT BY BANK
    The California Joint Stock and Land Bank of San Francisco today filed in circuit court a motion for an order to show cause why a writ of assistance should not be issued, directing the sheriff to remove W. H. Gore and Sophenia Ish Gore from the farm property on the Jacksonville Highway, upon which the bank holds a foreclosed mortgage.
    The bank seeks "complete possession" of the property. Setting of the date for the hearing rests with the court. The present action is eviction proceedings.
    The bank came into possession of the property upon foreclosure of a mortgage for approximately $75,000 and leased the farm property to Thorsen Bros., who have been cultivating the land this season, but permitted the Gores to occupy the house, attorneys for Gore said.
    The property has been in the Gore family since pioneer days, and is regarded as one of the best farm properties in southern Oregon.
    The land has been involved in civil litigation the past five years.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 18, 1936, page 8



GORE CLAIM FOR O.-C. SERVICES IS HEARD BY COURT
Second Civil Action Seeking Payment by County Gets Under Way--
Guy Cordon Takes Part in Defense
    Civil action of William H. Gore against Jackson County for $3446.66, assertedly due for services rendered in behalf of the passage in 1926 by Congress of the California-Oregon land grant tax refund bill, was under way in circuit court today with selection of a jury. It was anticipated a special venire would have to be drawn to complete the jury.
    A similar action instituted by Gore a year ago, seeking approximately $88,000 on a basis of 5 percent of all monies collected by the county, resulted in no award for Gore by the jury.
Claims Agreement
    In the present action Gore asserts that under an agreement with the 1926 Jackson County court he was to receive 1 percent of all monies collected. The complaint further cites that under the statute of limitations the agreement does not apply to O.C. payments before April 1932.
    Gore seeks $929.39 for 1932 payments; $601.83 for 1933, also $345.87 for 1933; $345.87 for 1934 [sic], and $923.70 for 1936, all with interest.
    Jackson County in its answer denies existence of any 1926 county court agreement with Gore, and if such did exist it is illegal as an alleged "lobbying service or contract."
Paid $5000
    Gore claims that in pursuance of the contract he was paid $5000. The county holds this payment was "a donation in gratitude" for services rendered, and not under any agreement.
    Guy W. Cordon of Roseburg, counsel for the Oregon-California land grant counties, is associated with the district attorney in the case. Gore is represented by attorneys George M. Roberts and William M. McAllister.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 27, 1937, page 3


MRS. GORE FILES $100,000 SUIT IN ALIENATION
    Mrs. Gertrude M. Gore late yesterday filed in the circuit court a new suit for alleged alienation of affection against her husband's parents, William H. Gore and Sophia Ish Gore, for $100,000 damages. This is twice the amount sought in the first suit, which ended with an involuntary non-suit and withdrawal of the case from the jury. The suit is filed through her attorneys, M. O. Wilkins of Ashland and L. M. Bacon, a new counselor.
    An affidavit of prejudice against Circuit Judge H. D. Norton, presiding at the first trial, and application for the appointment of another judge to hear the new damage suit was also filed by Mrs. Gore, who alleges that Judge Norton is prejudiced, and she is unable to secure a fair trial before him. It is asked that the new judge be appointed either by the court or by the state supreme court. An affidavit of prejudice, in legal procedure, is customarily followed by the voluntary withdrawal of the judge complained against.
    In the third term of the renewal of the legal controversy, Mrs. Gertrude M. Gore, through her attorney, files objections to items in the cost bill of the first trial the plaintiff was directed to pay by court order. It amounted to $146.11.
Objections Cited
    The objections set forth that Mrs. Gertrude M. Gore is willing to pay the witness fees of Mary Gore, and routine expenses amounting to $30.40. Protest is made against the payment of fees and mileage to Mrs. Sophia Ish Gore, who was in court "but one day," and Etta Robinson, L. H. Mayberry, Merle Merriman and Mrs. Earle Davis on the grounds they were not called to testify.
    Costs for depositions of Ed M. Andrews and Mrs. Charles Hazelrigg are also protested. The Andrews deposition, unread, is listed and costing $30; the deposition by Mrs. Hazelrigg $33.58. The plaintiff asserts they are "immaterial, incompetent and exorbitant." The Andrews deposition consisted of 300 words.
    The $100,000 alienation suit is based upon the allegation that in October or November 1929 William H. Gore and Sophia Ish Gore maliciously and wrongfully acted together to deprive her of her husband's affections, resulting in the alleged "loss of love, society, consortium, conjugal relations, parental aid, support for her natural expectancy, loss of estate and loss of services."
Medford Mail Tribune, April 16, 1940, page 4



WALTER S. GORE, PIONEER, PASSES
    Walter S. Gore, 90, pioneer Jackson County resident, died in San Bernardino, Cal., Nov. 25 at the home of his daughter, Mrs. A. S. Sandlin.
    Born in Jacksonville, Ore. Dec. 3, 1852, Mr. Gore was the eldest son of Elijah Emerson Gore and Mary Elizabeth Gore, pioneers in the valley. He is believed to have been the first white child born in Jackson County.
    Mr. Gore lived in Medford and vicinity until about ten years ago, when he left to make his home with his daughter in Southern California. For many years he owned and operated a ranch on the property where Jackson County Fairgrounds are now located.
    Funeral services were held Saturday in the Presbyterian church at San Bernardino.
    Immediate survivors are two daughters, Mrs. Sandlin and Mrs. Edna Miellen of Big Bear Lake, Cal.; three brothers, W. H. Gore, J. G. Gore and E. E. Gore, all of Medford, and a sister, Mrs. H. G. Wortman of Medford.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 28, 1943, page 10


GORE, HATTIE W. (Mrs. Edwd. E. Gore)
Music Teacher.
b. Grand Rapids, Wisconsin, daughter of Lyman B. and Harriett Nye Warner; educated public schools Champaign, Illinois, Neligh, Nebraska; Gates College (now Doane College), Crete, Nebraska, B.S. in Science and Music; studied at Metropolitan College of Music, N.Y.; studied under Albert Ross Parsons (N.Y.); John Williams (Chicago); Bernard Wagness (Los Angeles); courses at Pomona College, California; m. Edward E. Gore, Medford, Oregon; children Beulah Lucretia (Mrs. S. A. Mushen Jr.), Rosa Louise (Mrs. Harold B. Cooke), Dorothy Elizabeth (Mrs. Victor R. Davis); began as teacher of music, Nebraska, Illinois and many years teaching in Medford; frequent contributor, music publications and daily newspapers; member Greater Medford Club, past president; Wednesday Study Club (charter member), College Women's Club, Medford Music Society; first woman to serve on Medford School Board, three terms; member State Federation of Music Clubs (several years local representative); has one of largest collections of music and concert programs, dating to 1882, of various leading artists and students showing development and progress of music in America; Republican; Presbyterian (member); home 116 Geneva, Medford.
Capitol's Who's Who for Oregon 1948-49, page 222


SOPHENIA I. GORE DIES IN MEDFORD
    Mrs. Sophenia Ish Gore, 85, well-known resident of Jackson County, passed away in Medford on Wednesday. She was born in Jackson County on January 20, 1864. She was united in marriage to William H. Gore on November 5, 1890, and they lived in Portland until 1894.
    Except for one year in public school, Mrs. Gore's early education was gained at the Sisters academy in Jacksonville. She sang in the choir in the Presbyterian Church there for many years, and later she became affiliated with the First Presbyterian Church, Medford, where she sang in the choir and devoted many years in church work.
    She was born on what has been known for many years as the Ish Ranch and lived most of her life there and in Medford. Mr. Gore passed away in 1946.
    She is survived by one son, Jacob Ish Gore; one daughter, Mrs. Mary Stallcup; four grandchildren, William Eleanor and James Gore and Mrs. Mary Hamilton, and one great-grandchild.
    Funeral services will be held at the Perl funeral home Monday at 2 p.m. with the Rev. Harry Hansen, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, officiating. Interment will take place in [the] family plot in [the] Jacksonville Cemetery.
Medford Mail Tribune, April 17, 1949, page 1



Family of Emerson E. Gore Arrived in Valley in 1852
    Emerson E. Gore and Mary Elizabeth Gore were among the pioneer families to settle in the valley. They arrived here Sept. 27, 1852.
    In the family group was Emory Gore, twin brother of Emerson, and two children, Lewis Albert Rose, six-year-old son of Mrs. Gore by a former marriage, and Annette Jane, two-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gore.
    The Gores lived the first winter in Jacksonville, where the brothers built a small house and shop, putting in a lathe and making chairs and other things necessary in the newly settled community. It was there that Walter Gore was born Dec. 3, 1852.
Built Near Phoenix
    In 1853 Emerson E. Gore built a cabin on his donation land claim two miles north of Phoenix on what is now Highway 99. Here he moved his family. Emory stayed in Jacksonville to run the shop that year.
    In 1854 or 1855 the brothers built a sawmill on Bear Creek at Emerson Gore's farm, which they operated until it was destroyed by the flood of 1862. The sawmill was used as a point of description in establishing boundary lines, which are recorded in the Jackson County Courthouse. M. A. Williams, known as "Father Williams," a Presbyterian missionary, wrote in his diary in 1857 of visiting Gore at his sawmill.
    Mr. and Mrs. Gore always were on friendly terms with the Indians who lived near them, Mrs. Gore often caring for their sick and Gore frequently playing his violin for them.
    At one time when the Indians were camping on the Gore farm there was much unrest, and all the settlers feared open violence. One day the Gore family saw a single file of Indians coming up the path to the Gore house, all carrying their weapons. They gathered around Gore, then squatted on their heels, and the chief made the motion of playing the violin. Gore played for them until he was exhausted, but he did not dare stop before the chief gave him permission. Finally the chief got up, grunted, and he and the Indians went peacefully back to their camp.
Family of 10
    Mr. and Mrs. Gore had a family of 10 children, five boys and five girls, of whom only the youngest, Edward Emerson, now lives. Mrs. Gore died in 1893 at the age of 66 and Gore in 1910 at the age of 86, both of them having worked many years for the Christian and cultural development of the Rogue Valley. The Gore family was active in establishing the Jacksonville and Phoenix Presbyterian churches.
    The Gore family was also active in the musical development of the valley. The sons of Mr. and Mrs. Gore had a quartet and furnished music for many occasions, and were active in all church music. William Gore directed many church choirs.
    Mr. and Mrs. Gore were determined that their children should have an education, and the family read a great deal together. Mrs. Gore would read a chapter of a book to the family while the family ate their noon meal, she eating after the family had gone back to their work.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 20, 1954, page 6


Edward E. Gore, Businessman, Dies in Hospital
    Edward Emerson Gore, 92, of 116 Geneva Ave., lifelong valley resident and longtime businessman, died Tuesday at a Medford hospital. He was born June 5, 1869 on the Gore donation land claim, which is near Phoenix.
    He had been in farming and cattle ranching, was a partner in the mercantile firm of Warner, Wortman and Gore Inc., and was an insurance salesman prior to his retirement in 1925.
    He also was closely associated with cultural and educational movements in the valley. For more than 25 years Mr. Gore and his brothers, Walter, William and John, comprised a quartet which sang at many valley functions.
    He was the youngest of 10 children of Mary E. and Elijah Emerson Gore, pioneers who came to the valley in 1852. He received his education at the Phoenix subscription school, the Ashland academy and the University of Oregon in 1885-1886.
Joins Church
    He joined Phoenix Presbyterian Church in October 1879, transferring his membership to the Medford First Presbyterian Church in 1901. In later years he was a member of the mother church, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Boston, Mass.
    Mr. Gore was a member of Medford AF&AM, serving as worshipful master in 1913 and 1914; Talisman lodge, Knights of Pythias; and Dramatic Order of Knights of Korasan, Fuhat Burkan Temple, serving as royal vizier. He received his 50-year membership pin in the Knights of Pythias lodge recently.
    Funeral services will be Friday, Oct. 6 at 10 a.m. at Perl Funeral Home with Dr. D. Kirkland West of First Presbyterian Church officiating. Honorary pallbearers will be Carl Fichtner, LeRoy Cline, Earl Locke, Rollie Beach, Ora Meyers, Max Hawks, Joe Fritsch and Fred Snedicor.
    Survivors include his wife, Mrs. Hattie Warner Gore, Medford; daughters Mrs. Samuel A. Mushen, Portland; Mrs. Harold C. Book, Medford; Mrs. Dorothy G. Davis, Tacoma, Wash.; and two grandsons, Robert Linton Mushen and Alan Edward Mushen, Portland.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 4, 1961, page 1



Services Set Thursday for Hattie Gore,
Prominent in Medford for Many Years
    Memorial services for Mrs. Hattie Warner Gore, 92, a leader in Medford's musical life for more than 43 years, will be held in the First Presbyterian Church at 2 p.m. Thursday, with Dr. D. Kirkland West officiating. Mrs. Gore died Monday at a Portland hospital.
    An Oregonian from her early childhood, Mrs. Gore was born in Grand Rapids, Wis., Oct. 31, 1873, and came with her parents to Albany, Ore. She attended the State Normal School at Drain and taught in the Albany public school.
    On Dec. 14, 1899, as Hattie Warner, she married Edward E. Gore, member of a Jackson County pioneer family. Mr. Gore preceded her in death.
    She became a piano teacher in Medford and continued this career for 43 years, contributing to music publications while teaching. She also wrote the concert reviews for the Mail Tribune over a period of 20 years.
    Mrs. Gore's graduate work included study at Metropolitan College of Music, New York; Sherwood School of Music, Chicago; Claremont College; University of California at Los Angeles, and the University of California at Berkeley.
    She served as a member of the Medford School Board for three terms during the early 1900s and was president of the Oregon Mothers Club, University of Oregon. She was past president of the Rogue River Valley College Women's Club and a member of Reames Chapter, O.E.S.
    Mrs. Gore, a member of the State Federation of Music Clubs, had one of the largest collections of music and concert programs in the country, showing the development and progress of music in America from 1882.
    Surviving are three daughters, Mrs. Samuel (Beulah) Mushen, Portland, Mrs. Harold B. (Rose) Cook, Redding, Calif., and Mrs. Dorothy Davis, Tacoma, Wash.; two grandsons, Robert L. Mushen and Alan E. Mushen, Portland; a sister, Miss Beulah Warner, and a brother, William J. Warner, both of Medford.
    Interment will be Siskiyou Memorial Park under direction of Perl Funeral Home.
    Those who wish may make donations to the Mu Phi Epsilon Portland Alumnae Achievement Fund in memory of Hattie Warner Gore. These may be sent in care of Mrs. Donald Coogan, 3829 N.E. 66th Ave., Portland.
Medford Mail Tribune, August 10, 1966, page 1


Gore Brothers Were Early-Day Musicians
    Among the musical entertainers of the valley at the turn of the century were the brothers Gore.
    They formed a quartet that sang at valley churches and at special occasions such as Fourth of July celebrations and recitals of other musicians.
    The four were John, Walter, Will and Ed, the sons of Emerson Gore, who came to the valley in 1852 and raised 10 children.
    "When I was a little girl I stayed up and listened to them practice," says Liberta Lenox, daughter of John, a farmer who raised cattle on the home ranch. She says her father was the first orchardist in the valley to protect the crop by building fires.
    Walter was Medford's first school principal. He helped on the farm and had a store in Ashland. Will also served as Medford school principal. He became a banker and served in the Oregon Legislature.
    Ed was a partner in the grocery and meat firm Warner, Wortman & Gore.
    The home where the Gore brothers were raised stood where the Southern Oregon Nursery is now located.
    Mrs. Lenox says the quartet broke up after her father's hearing deteriorated to the point he felt he couldn't stay on pitch.
    Without radio, let alone television, music was a big part of the early entertainment, she notes. She said the Gore family had one of the first organs in the valley. Like many things brought to the West, the instrument was shipped around Cape Horn.
    Mrs. Lenox says her grandfather played the violin, which fascinated the Indians, who lived in a nearby village. In those days the white settlers were interlopers. Emerson Gore told his grandchildren he played at length to maintain rapport. The Indians insisted.
    The Gore property included part of Barneburg Hill. on which she used to play as a child, Mrs. Lenox says. She now lives in Rogue Valley Manor on the hill. Her apartment window overlooks what was once the family land.
    Her parents were interested in their children getting a knowledge of the better music, Mrs. Lenox says. "Anything that was musical, we'd try to go to."
    Mrs. Lenox remembers that many fine musicians came through Medford in the early part of the 20th century. Her memory is a little hazy when it comes to naming the various shows and entertainers. Still she remembers Madam Ernestine Schumann-Heink and orchestra conductor Walter Damrosch.
    "Medford always has been very cultural minded," she says.
    Mrs. Lenox, an alto, sang with the Medford Choral Society while still in high school, under the direction of Ella Andrews. Mrs. Andrews had some to Medford with her husband, George, and brother-in-law, Ed, who came to the Medford area after the Andrews Opera Company disbanded.
    "We always admired the Andrews brothers," says Mrs. Lenox. "They brought an awful lot of music here."
    She says she missed many of the operatic productions of the early 1920s, directed by the Andrews. She had been seriously injured in an auto accident and was wheelchair bound.
Medford Mail Tribune, June 6, 1985, page 15




Last revised April 26, 2017